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<div id="header">
<h1>How to use git-daemon</h1>
</div>
<div id="content">
<div id="preamble">
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p>Git can be run in inetd mode and in stand alone mode. But all you want is
let a coworker pull from you, and therefore need to set up a Git server
real quick, right?</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Note that git-daemon is not really chatty at the moment, especially when
things do not go according to plan (e.g. a socket could not be bound).</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Another word of warning: if you run</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>$ git ls-remote git://127.0.0.1/rule-the-world.git</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>and you see a message like</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>it only means that <em>something</em> went wrong. To find out <em>what</em> went wrong,
you have to ask the server. (Git refuses to be more precise for your
security only. Take off your shoes now. You have any coins in your pockets?
Sorry, not allowed&#8201;&#8212;&#8201;who knows what you planned to do with them?)</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>With these two caveats, let&#8217;s see an example:</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>$ git daemon --reuseaddr --verbose --base-path=/home/gitte/git \
--export-all -- /home/gitte/git/rule-the-world.git</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>(Of course, unless your user name is <code>gitte</code> <em>and</em> your repository is in
~/rule-the-world.git, you have to adjust the paths. If your repository is
not bare, be aware that you have to type the path to the .git directory!)</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>This invocation tries to reuse the address if it is already taken
(this can save you some debugging, because otherwise killing and restarting
git-daemon could just silently fail to bind to a socket).</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Also, it is (relatively) verbose when somebody actually connects to it.
It also sets the base path, which means that all the projects which can be
accessed using this daemon have to reside in or under that path.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The option <code>--export-all</code> just means that you <em>don&#8217;t</em> have to create a
file named <code>git-daemon-export-ok</code> in each exported repository. (Otherwise,
git-daemon would complain loudly, and refuse to cooperate.)</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Last of all, the repository which should be exported is specified. It is
a good practice to put the paths after a "--" separator.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Now, test your daemon with</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>$ git ls-remote git://127.0.0.1/rule-the-world.git</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>If this does not work, find out why, and submit a patch to this document.</p></div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div id="footnotes"><hr /></div>
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<div id="footer-text">
Last updated
2019-02-06 23:18:39 PST
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