blob: 4f95249c10660bb0a60065ba70ea9e5a3b67e403 [file] [log] [blame]
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/DTD/xhtml11.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="application/xhtml+xml; charset=UTF-8" />
<meta name="generator" content="AsciiDoc 8.6.10" />
<title> Git Wire Protocol, Version 2</title>
<style type="text/css">
/* Shared CSS for AsciiDoc xhtml11 and html5 backends */
/* Default font. */
body {
font-family: Georgia,serif;
}
/* Title font. */
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6,
div.title, caption.title,
thead, p.table.header,
#toctitle,
#author, #revnumber, #revdate, #revremark,
#footer {
font-family: Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
}
body {
margin: 1em 5% 1em 5%;
}
a {
color: blue;
text-decoration: underline;
}
a:visited {
color: fuchsia;
}
em {
font-style: italic;
color: navy;
}
strong {
font-weight: bold;
color: #083194;
}
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6 {
color: #527bbd;
margin-top: 1.2em;
margin-bottom: 0.5em;
line-height: 1.3;
}
h1, h2, h3 {
border-bottom: 2px solid silver;
}
h2 {
padding-top: 0.5em;
}
h3 {
float: left;
}
h3 + * {
clear: left;
}
h5 {
font-size: 1.0em;
}
div.sectionbody {
margin-left: 0;
}
hr {
border: 1px solid silver;
}
p {
margin-top: 0.5em;
margin-bottom: 0.5em;
}
ul, ol, li > p {
margin-top: 0;
}
ul > li { color: #aaa; }
ul > li > * { color: black; }
.monospaced, code, pre {
font-family: "Courier New", Courier, monospace;
font-size: inherit;
color: navy;
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
}
pre {
white-space: pre-wrap;
}
#author {
color: #527bbd;
font-weight: bold;
font-size: 1.1em;
}
#email {
}
#revnumber, #revdate, #revremark {
}
#footer {
font-size: small;
border-top: 2px solid silver;
padding-top: 0.5em;
margin-top: 4.0em;
}
#footer-text {
float: left;
padding-bottom: 0.5em;
}
#footer-badges {
float: right;
padding-bottom: 0.5em;
}
#preamble {
margin-top: 1.5em;
margin-bottom: 1.5em;
}
div.imageblock, div.exampleblock, div.verseblock,
div.quoteblock, div.literalblock, div.listingblock, div.sidebarblock,
div.admonitionblock {
margin-top: 1.0em;
margin-bottom: 1.5em;
}
div.admonitionblock {
margin-top: 2.0em;
margin-bottom: 2.0em;
margin-right: 10%;
color: #606060;
}
div.content { /* Block element content. */
padding: 0;
}
/* Block element titles. */
div.title, caption.title {
color: #527bbd;
font-weight: bold;
text-align: left;
margin-top: 1.0em;
margin-bottom: 0.5em;
}
div.title + * {
margin-top: 0;
}
td div.title:first-child {
margin-top: 0.0em;
}
div.content div.title:first-child {
margin-top: 0.0em;
}
div.content + div.title {
margin-top: 0.0em;
}
div.sidebarblock > div.content {
background: #ffffee;
border: 1px solid #dddddd;
border-left: 4px solid #f0f0f0;
padding: 0.5em;
}
div.listingblock > div.content {
border: 1px solid #dddddd;
border-left: 5px solid #f0f0f0;
background: #f8f8f8;
padding: 0.5em;
}
div.quoteblock, div.verseblock {
padding-left: 1.0em;
margin-left: 1.0em;
margin-right: 10%;
border-left: 5px solid #f0f0f0;
color: #888;
}
div.quoteblock > div.attribution {
padding-top: 0.5em;
text-align: right;
}
div.verseblock > pre.content {
font-family: inherit;
font-size: inherit;
}
div.verseblock > div.attribution {
padding-top: 0.75em;
text-align: left;
}
/* DEPRECATED: Pre version 8.2.7 verse style literal block. */
div.verseblock + div.attribution {
text-align: left;
}
div.admonitionblock .icon {
vertical-align: top;
font-size: 1.1em;
font-weight: bold;
text-decoration: underline;
color: #527bbd;
padding-right: 0.5em;
}
div.admonitionblock td.content {
padding-left: 0.5em;
border-left: 3px solid #dddddd;
}
div.exampleblock > div.content {
border-left: 3px solid #dddddd;
padding-left: 0.5em;
}
div.imageblock div.content { padding-left: 0; }
span.image img { border-style: none; vertical-align: text-bottom; }
a.image:visited { color: white; }
dl {
margin-top: 0.8em;
margin-bottom: 0.8em;
}
dt {
margin-top: 0.5em;
margin-bottom: 0;
font-style: normal;
color: navy;
}
dd > *:first-child {
margin-top: 0.1em;
}
ul, ol {
list-style-position: outside;
}
ol.arabic {
list-style-type: decimal;
}
ol.loweralpha {
list-style-type: lower-alpha;
}
ol.upperalpha {
list-style-type: upper-alpha;
}
ol.lowerroman {
list-style-type: lower-roman;
}
ol.upperroman {
list-style-type: upper-roman;
}
div.compact ul, div.compact ol,
div.compact p, div.compact p,
div.compact div, div.compact div {
margin-top: 0.1em;
margin-bottom: 0.1em;
}
tfoot {
font-weight: bold;
}
td > div.verse {
white-space: pre;
}
div.hdlist {
margin-top: 0.8em;
margin-bottom: 0.8em;
}
div.hdlist tr {
padding-bottom: 15px;
}
dt.hdlist1.strong, td.hdlist1.strong {
font-weight: bold;
}
td.hdlist1 {
vertical-align: top;
font-style: normal;
padding-right: 0.8em;
color: navy;
}
td.hdlist2 {
vertical-align: top;
}
div.hdlist.compact tr {
margin: 0;
padding-bottom: 0;
}
.comment {
background: yellow;
}
.footnote, .footnoteref {
font-size: 0.8em;
}
span.footnote, span.footnoteref {
vertical-align: super;
}
#footnotes {
margin: 20px 0 20px 0;
padding: 7px 0 0 0;
}
#footnotes div.footnote {
margin: 0 0 5px 0;
}
#footnotes hr {
border: none;
border-top: 1px solid silver;
height: 1px;
text-align: left;
margin-left: 0;
width: 20%;
min-width: 100px;
}
div.colist td {
padding-right: 0.5em;
padding-bottom: 0.3em;
vertical-align: top;
}
div.colist td img {
margin-top: 0.3em;
}
@media print {
#footer-badges { display: none; }
}
#toc {
margin-bottom: 2.5em;
}
#toctitle {
color: #527bbd;
font-size: 1.1em;
font-weight: bold;
margin-top: 1.0em;
margin-bottom: 0.1em;
}
div.toclevel0, div.toclevel1, div.toclevel2, div.toclevel3, div.toclevel4 {
margin-top: 0;
margin-bottom: 0;
}
div.toclevel2 {
margin-left: 2em;
font-size: 0.9em;
}
div.toclevel3 {
margin-left: 4em;
font-size: 0.9em;
}
div.toclevel4 {
margin-left: 6em;
font-size: 0.9em;
}
span.aqua { color: aqua; }
span.black { color: black; }
span.blue { color: blue; }
span.fuchsia { color: fuchsia; }
span.gray { color: gray; }
span.green { color: green; }
span.lime { color: lime; }
span.maroon { color: maroon; }
span.navy { color: navy; }
span.olive { color: olive; }
span.purple { color: purple; }
span.red { color: red; }
span.silver { color: silver; }
span.teal { color: teal; }
span.white { color: white; }
span.yellow { color: yellow; }
span.aqua-background { background: aqua; }
span.black-background { background: black; }
span.blue-background { background: blue; }
span.fuchsia-background { background: fuchsia; }
span.gray-background { background: gray; }
span.green-background { background: green; }
span.lime-background { background: lime; }
span.maroon-background { background: maroon; }
span.navy-background { background: navy; }
span.olive-background { background: olive; }
span.purple-background { background: purple; }
span.red-background { background: red; }
span.silver-background { background: silver; }
span.teal-background { background: teal; }
span.white-background { background: white; }
span.yellow-background { background: yellow; }
span.big { font-size: 2em; }
span.small { font-size: 0.6em; }
span.underline { text-decoration: underline; }
span.overline { text-decoration: overline; }
span.line-through { text-decoration: line-through; }
div.unbreakable { page-break-inside: avoid; }
/*
* xhtml11 specific
*
* */
div.tableblock {
margin-top: 1.0em;
margin-bottom: 1.5em;
}
div.tableblock > table {
border: 3px solid #527bbd;
}
thead, p.table.header {
font-weight: bold;
color: #527bbd;
}
p.table {
margin-top: 0;
}
/* Because the table frame attribute is overriden by CSS in most browsers. */
div.tableblock > table[frame="void"] {
border-style: none;
}
div.tableblock > table[frame="hsides"] {
border-left-style: none;
border-right-style: none;
}
div.tableblock > table[frame="vsides"] {
border-top-style: none;
border-bottom-style: none;
}
/*
* html5 specific
*
* */
table.tableblock {
margin-top: 1.0em;
margin-bottom: 1.5em;
}
thead, p.tableblock.header {
font-weight: bold;
color: #527bbd;
}
p.tableblock {
margin-top: 0;
}
table.tableblock {
border-width: 3px;
border-spacing: 0px;
border-style: solid;
border-color: #527bbd;
border-collapse: collapse;
}
th.tableblock, td.tableblock {
border-width: 1px;
padding: 4px;
border-style: solid;
border-color: #527bbd;
}
table.tableblock.frame-topbot {
border-left-style: hidden;
border-right-style: hidden;
}
table.tableblock.frame-sides {
border-top-style: hidden;
border-bottom-style: hidden;
}
table.tableblock.frame-none {
border-style: hidden;
}
th.tableblock.halign-left, td.tableblock.halign-left {
text-align: left;
}
th.tableblock.halign-center, td.tableblock.halign-center {
text-align: center;
}
th.tableblock.halign-right, td.tableblock.halign-right {
text-align: right;
}
th.tableblock.valign-top, td.tableblock.valign-top {
vertical-align: top;
}
th.tableblock.valign-middle, td.tableblock.valign-middle {
vertical-align: middle;
}
th.tableblock.valign-bottom, td.tableblock.valign-bottom {
vertical-align: bottom;
}
/*
* manpage specific
*
* */
body.manpage h1 {
padding-top: 0.5em;
padding-bottom: 0.5em;
border-top: 2px solid silver;
border-bottom: 2px solid silver;
}
body.manpage h2 {
border-style: none;
}
body.manpage div.sectionbody {
margin-left: 3em;
}
@media print {
body.manpage div#toc { display: none; }
}
</style>
<script type="text/javascript">
/*<![CDATA[*/
var asciidoc = { // Namespace.
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Table Of Contents generator
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
/* Author: Mihai Bazon, September 2002
* http://students.infoiasi.ro/~mishoo
*
* Table Of Content generator
* Version: 0.4
*
* Feel free to use this script under the terms of the GNU General Public
* License, as long as you do not remove or alter this notice.
*/
/* modified by Troy D. Hanson, September 2006. License: GPL */
/* modified by Stuart Rackham, 2006, 2009. License: GPL */
// toclevels = 1..4.
toc: function (toclevels) {
function getText(el) {
var text = "";
for (var i = el.firstChild; i != null; i = i.nextSibling) {
if (i.nodeType == 3 /* Node.TEXT_NODE */) // IE doesn't speak constants.
text += i.data;
else if (i.firstChild != null)
text += getText(i);
}
return text;
}
function TocEntry(el, text, toclevel) {
this.element = el;
this.text = text;
this.toclevel = toclevel;
}
function tocEntries(el, toclevels) {
var result = new Array;
var re = new RegExp('[hH]([1-'+(toclevels+1)+'])');
// Function that scans the DOM tree for header elements (the DOM2
// nodeIterator API would be a better technique but not supported by all
// browsers).
var iterate = function (el) {
for (var i = el.firstChild; i != null; i = i.nextSibling) {
if (i.nodeType == 1 /* Node.ELEMENT_NODE */) {
var mo = re.exec(i.tagName);
if (mo && (i.getAttribute("class") || i.getAttribute("className")) != "float") {
result[result.length] = new TocEntry(i, getText(i), mo[1]-1);
}
iterate(i);
}
}
}
iterate(el);
return result;
}
var toc = document.getElementById("toc");
if (!toc) {
return;
}
// Delete existing TOC entries in case we're reloading the TOC.
var tocEntriesToRemove = [];
var i;
for (i = 0; i < toc.childNodes.length; i++) {
var entry = toc.childNodes[i];
if (entry.nodeName.toLowerCase() == 'div'
&& entry.getAttribute("class")
&& entry.getAttribute("class").match(/^toclevel/))
tocEntriesToRemove.push(entry);
}
for (i = 0; i < tocEntriesToRemove.length; i++) {
toc.removeChild(tocEntriesToRemove[i]);
}
// Rebuild TOC entries.
var entries = tocEntries(document.getElementById("content"), toclevels);
for (var i = 0; i < entries.length; ++i) {
var entry = entries[i];
if (entry.element.id == "")
entry.element.id = "_toc_" + i;
var a = document.createElement("a");
a.href = "#" + entry.element.id;
a.appendChild(document.createTextNode(entry.text));
var div = document.createElement("div");
div.appendChild(a);
div.className = "toclevel" + entry.toclevel;
toc.appendChild(div);
}
if (entries.length == 0)
toc.parentNode.removeChild(toc);
},
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Footnotes generator
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
/* Based on footnote generation code from:
* http://www.brandspankingnew.net/archive/2005/07/format_footnote.html
*/
footnotes: function () {
// Delete existing footnote entries in case we're reloading the footnodes.
var i;
var noteholder = document.getElementById("footnotes");
if (!noteholder) {
return;
}
var entriesToRemove = [];
for (i = 0; i < noteholder.childNodes.length; i++) {
var entry = noteholder.childNodes[i];
if (entry.nodeName.toLowerCase() == 'div' && entry.getAttribute("class") == "footnote")
entriesToRemove.push(entry);
}
for (i = 0; i < entriesToRemove.length; i++) {
noteholder.removeChild(entriesToRemove[i]);
}
// Rebuild footnote entries.
var cont = document.getElementById("content");
var spans = cont.getElementsByTagName("span");
var refs = {};
var n = 0;
for (i=0; i<spans.length; i++) {
if (spans[i].className == "footnote") {
n++;
var note = spans[i].getAttribute("data-note");
if (!note) {
// Use [\s\S] in place of . so multi-line matches work.
// Because JavaScript has no s (dotall) regex flag.
note = spans[i].innerHTML.match(/\s*\[([\s\S]*)]\s*/)[1];
spans[i].innerHTML =
"[<a id='_footnoteref_" + n + "' href='#_footnote_" + n +
"' title='View footnote' class='footnote'>" + n + "</a>]";
spans[i].setAttribute("data-note", note);
}
noteholder.innerHTML +=
"<div class='footnote' id='_footnote_" + n + "'>" +
"<a href='#_footnoteref_" + n + "' title='Return to text'>" +
n + "</a>. " + note + "</div>";
var id =spans[i].getAttribute("id");
if (id != null) refs["#"+id] = n;
}
}
if (n == 0)
noteholder.parentNode.removeChild(noteholder);
else {
// Process footnoterefs.
for (i=0; i<spans.length; i++) {
if (spans[i].className == "footnoteref") {
var href = spans[i].getElementsByTagName("a")[0].getAttribute("href");
href = href.match(/#.*/)[0]; // Because IE return full URL.
n = refs[href];
spans[i].innerHTML =
"[<a href='#_footnote_" + n +
"' title='View footnote' class='footnote'>" + n + "</a>]";
}
}
}
},
install: function(toclevels) {
var timerId;
function reinstall() {
asciidoc.footnotes();
if (toclevels) {
asciidoc.toc(toclevels);
}
}
function reinstallAndRemoveTimer() {
clearInterval(timerId);
reinstall();
}
timerId = setInterval(reinstall, 500);
if (document.addEventListener)
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", reinstallAndRemoveTimer, false);
else
window.onload = reinstallAndRemoveTimer;
}
}
asciidoc.install();
/*]]>*/
</script>
</head>
<body class="article">
<div id="header">
<h1> Git Wire Protocol, Version 2</h1>
</div>
<div id="content">
<div id="preamble">
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p>This document presents a specification for a version 2 of Git&#8217;s wire
protocol. Protocol v2 will improve upon v1 in the following ways:</p></div>
<div class="ulist"><ul>
<li>
<p>
Instead of multiple service names, multiple commands will be
supported by a single service
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
Easily extendable as capabilities are moved into their own section
of the protocol, no longer being hidden behind a NUL byte and
limited by the size of a pkt-line
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
Separate out other information hidden behind NUL bytes (e.g. agent
string as a capability and symrefs can be requested using <em>ls-refs</em>)
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
Reference advertisement will be omitted unless explicitly requested
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
ls-refs command to explicitly request some refs
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
Designed with http and stateless-rpc in mind. With clear flush
semantics the http remote helper can simply act as a proxy
</p>
</li>
</ul></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>In protocol v2 communication is command oriented. When first contacting a
server a list of capabilities will advertised. Some of these capabilities
will be commands which a client can request be executed. Once a command
has completed, a client can reuse the connection and request that other
commands be executed.</p></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="sect1">
<h2 id="_packet_line_framing"> Packet-Line Framing</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p>All communication is done using packet-line framing, just as in v1. See
<code>Documentation/technical/pack-protocol.txt</code> and
<code>Documentation/technical/protocol-common.txt</code> for more information.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>In protocol v2 these special packets will have the following semantics:</p></div>
<div class="ulist"><ul>
<li>
<p>
<em>0000</em> Flush Packet (flush-pkt) - indicates the end of a message
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
<em>0001</em> Delimiter Packet (delim-pkt) - separates sections of a message
</p>
</li>
</ul></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="sect1">
<h2 id="_initial_client_request"> Initial Client Request</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p>In general a client can request to speak protocol v2 by sending
<code>version=2</code> through the respective side-channel for the transport being
used which inevitably sets <code>GIT_PROTOCOL</code>. More information can be
found in <code>pack-protocol.txt</code> and <code>http-protocol.txt</code>. In all cases the
response from the server is the capability advertisement.</p></div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_git_transport"> Git Transport</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>When using the git:// transport, you can request to use protocol v2 by
sending "version=2" as an extra parameter:</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>003egit-upload-pack /project.git\0host=myserver.com\0\0version=2\0</code></pre>
</div></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_ssh_and_file_transport"> SSH and File Transport</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>When using either the ssh:// or file:// transport, the GIT_PROTOCOL
environment variable must be set explicitly to include "version=2".</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_http_transport"> HTTP Transport</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>When using the http:// or https:// transport a client makes a "smart"
info/refs request as described in <code>http-protocol.txt</code> and requests that
v2 be used by supplying "version=2" in the <code>Git-Protocol</code> header.</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>C: GET $GIT_URL/info/refs?service=git-upload-pack HTTP/1.0
C: Git-Protocol: version=2</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>A v2 server would reply:</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>S: 200 OK
S: &lt;Some headers&gt;
S: ...
S:
S: 000eversion 2\n
S: &lt;capability-advertisement&gt;</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Subsequent requests are then made directly to the service
<code>$GIT_URL/git-upload-pack</code>. (This works the same for git-receive-pack).</p></div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="sect1">
<h2 id="_capability_advertisement"> Capability Advertisement</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p>A server which decides to communicate (based on a request from a client)
using protocol version 2, notifies the client by sending a version string
in its initial response followed by an advertisement of its capabilities.
Each capability is a key with an optional value. Clients must ignore all
unknown keys. Semantics of unknown values are left to the definition of
each key. Some capabilities will describe commands which can be requested
to be executed by the client.</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>capability-advertisement = protocol-version
capability-list
flush-pkt</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>protocol-version = PKT-LINE("version 2" LF)
capability-list = *capability
capability = PKT-LINE(key[=value] LF)</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>key = 1*(ALPHA | DIGIT | "-_")
value = 1*(ALPHA | DIGIT | " -_.,?\/{}[]()&lt;&gt;!@#$%^&amp;*+=:;")</code></pre>
</div></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="sect1">
<h2 id="_command_request"> Command Request</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p>After receiving the capability advertisement, a client can then issue a
request to select the command it wants with any particular capabilities
or arguments. There is then an optional section where the client can
provide any command specific parameters or queries. Only a single
command can be requested at a time.</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>request = empty-request | command-request
empty-request = flush-pkt
command-request = command
capability-list
[command-args]
flush-pkt
command = PKT-LINE("command=" key LF)
command-args = delim-pkt
*command-specific-arg</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>command-specific-args are packet line framed arguments defined by
each individual command.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The server will then check to ensure that the client&#8217;s request is
comprised of a valid command as well as valid capabilities which were
advertised. If the request is valid the server will then execute the
command. A server MUST wait till it has received the client&#8217;s entire
request before issuing a response. The format of the response is
determined by the command being executed, but in all cases a flush-pkt
indicates the end of the response.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>When a command has finished, and the client has received the entire
response from the server, a client can either request that another
command be executed or can terminate the connection. A client may
optionally send an empty request consisting of just a flush-pkt to
indicate that no more requests will be made.</p></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="sect1">
<h2 id="_capabilities"> Capabilities</h2>
<div class="sectionbody">
<div class="paragraph"><p>There are two different types of capabilities: normal capabilities,
which can be used to to convey information or alter the behavior of a
request, and commands, which are the core actions that a client wants to
perform (fetch, push, etc).</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Protocol version 2 is stateless by default. This means that all commands
must only last a single round and be stateless from the perspective of the
server side, unless the client has requested a capability indicating that
state should be maintained by the server. Clients MUST NOT require state
management on the server side in order to function correctly. This
permits simple round-robin load-balancing on the server side, without
needing to worry about state management.</p></div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_agent"> agent</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The server can advertise the <code>agent</code> capability with a value <code>X</code> (in the
form <code>agent=X</code>) to notify the client that the server is running version
<code>X</code>. The client may optionally send its own agent string by including
the <code>agent</code> capability with a value <code>Y</code> (in the form <code>agent=Y</code>) in its
request to the server (but it MUST NOT do so if the server did not
advertise the agent capability). The <code>X</code> and <code>Y</code> strings may contain any
printable ASCII characters except space (i.e., the byte range 32 &lt; x &lt;
127), and are typically of the form "package/version" (e.g.,
"git/1.8.3.1"). The agent strings are purely informative for statistics
and debugging purposes, and MUST NOT be used to programmatically assume
the presence or absence of particular features.</p></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_ls_refs"> ls-refs</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p><code>ls-refs</code> is the command used to request a reference advertisement in v2.
Unlike the current reference advertisement, ls-refs takes in arguments
which can be used to limit the refs sent from the server.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Additional features not supported in the base command will be advertised
as the value of the command in the capability advertisement in the form
of a space separated list of features: "&lt;command&gt;=&lt;feature 1&gt; &lt;feature 2&gt;"</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>ls-refs takes in the following arguments:</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>symrefs
In addition to the object pointed by it, show the underlying ref
pointed by it when showing a symbolic ref.
peel
Show peeled tags.
ref-prefix &lt;prefix&gt;
When specified, only references having a prefix matching one of
the provided prefixes are displayed.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The output of ls-refs is as follows:</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>output = *ref
flush-pkt
ref = PKT-LINE(obj-id SP refname *(SP ref-attribute) LF)
ref-attribute = (symref | peeled)
symref = "symref-target:" symref-target
peeled = "peeled:" obj-id</code></pre>
</div></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_fetch"> fetch</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p><code>fetch</code> is the command used to fetch a packfile in v2. It can be looked
at as a modified version of the v1 fetch where the ref-advertisement is
stripped out (since the <code>ls-refs</code> command fills that role) and the
message format is tweaked to eliminate redundancies and permit easy
addition of future extensions.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>Additional features not supported in the base command will be advertised
as the value of the command in the capability advertisement in the form
of a space separated list of features: "&lt;command&gt;=&lt;feature 1&gt; &lt;feature 2&gt;"</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>A <code>fetch</code> request can take the following arguments:</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>want &lt;oid&gt;
Indicates to the server an object which the client wants to
retrieve. Wants can be anything and are not limited to
advertised objects.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>have &lt;oid&gt;
Indicates to the server an object which the client has locally.
This allows the server to make a packfile which only contains
the objects that the client needs. Multiple 'have' lines can be
supplied.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>done
Indicates to the server that negotiation should terminate (or
not even begin if performing a clone) and that the server should
use the information supplied in the request to construct the
packfile.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>thin-pack
Request that a thin pack be sent, which is a pack with deltas
which reference base objects not contained within the pack (but
are known to exist at the receiving end). This can reduce the
network traffic significantly, but it requires the receiving end
to know how to "thicken" these packs by adding the missing bases
to the pack.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>no-progress
Request that progress information that would normally be sent on
side-band channel 2, during the packfile transfer, should not be
sent. However, the side-band channel 3 is still used for error
responses.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>include-tag
Request that annotated tags should be sent if the objects they
point to are being sent.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>ofs-delta
Indicate that the client understands PACKv2 with delta referring
to its base by position in pack rather than by an oid. That is,
they can read OBJ_OFS_DELTA (ake type 6) in a packfile.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>If the <em>shallow</em> feature is advertised the following arguments can be
included in the clients request as well as the potential addition of the
<em>shallow-info</em> section in the server&#8217;s response as explained below.</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>shallow &lt;oid&gt;
A client must notify the server of all commits for which it only
has shallow copies (meaning that it doesn't have the parents of
a commit) by supplying a 'shallow &lt;oid&gt;' line for each such
object so that the server is aware of the limitations of the
client's history. This is so that the server is aware that the
client may not have all objects reachable from such commits.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>deepen &lt;depth&gt;
Requests that the fetch/clone should be shallow having a commit
depth of &lt;depth&gt; relative to the remote side.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>deepen-relative
Requests that the semantics of the "deepen" command be changed
to indicate that the depth requested is relative to the client's
current shallow boundary, instead of relative to the requested
commits.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>deepen-since &lt;timestamp&gt;
Requests that the shallow clone/fetch should be cut at a
specific time, instead of depth. Internally it's equivalent to
doing "git rev-list --max-age=&lt;timestamp&gt;". Cannot be used with
"deepen".</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>deepen-not &lt;rev&gt;
Requests that the shallow clone/fetch should be cut at a
specific revision specified by '&lt;rev&gt;', instead of a depth.
Internally it's equivalent of doing "git rev-list --not &lt;rev&gt;".
Cannot be used with "deepen", but can be used with
"deepen-since".</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>If the <em>filter</em> feature is advertised, the following argument can be
included in the client&#8217;s request:</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>filter &lt;filter-spec&gt;
Request that various objects from the packfile be omitted
using one of several filtering techniques. These are intended
for use with partial clone and partial fetch operations. See
`rev-list` for possible "filter-spec" values.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>If the <em>ref-in-want</em> feature is advertised, the following argument can
be included in the client&#8217;s request as well as the potential addition of
the <em>wanted-refs</em> section in the server&#8217;s response as explained below.</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>want-ref &lt;ref&gt;
Indicates to the server that the client wants to retrieve a
particular ref, where &lt;ref&gt; is the full name of a ref on the
server.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The response of <code>fetch</code> is broken into a number of sections separated by
delimiter packets (0001), with each section beginning with its section
header.</p></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>output = *section
section = (acknowledgments | shallow-info | wanted-refs | packfile)
(flush-pkt | delim-pkt)</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>acknowledgments = PKT-LINE("acknowledgments" LF)
(nak | *ack)
(ready)
ready = PKT-LINE("ready" LF)
nak = PKT-LINE("NAK" LF)
ack = PKT-LINE("ACK" SP obj-id LF)</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>shallow-info = PKT-LINE("shallow-info" LF)
*PKT-LINE((shallow | unshallow) LF)
shallow = "shallow" SP obj-id
unshallow = "unshallow" SP obj-id</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>wanted-refs = PKT-LINE("wanted-refs" LF)
*PKT-LINE(wanted-ref LF)
wanted-ref = obj-id SP refname</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>packfile = PKT-LINE("packfile" LF)
*PKT-LINE(%x01-03 *%x00-ff)</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>acknowledgments section
* If the client determines that it is finished with negotiations
by sending a "done" line, the acknowledgments sections MUST be
omitted from the server's response.</code></pre>
</div></div>
<div class="ulist"><ul>
<li>
<p>
Always begins with the section header "acknowledgments"
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
The server will respond with "NAK" if none of the object ids sent
as have lines were common.
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
The server will respond with "ACK obj-id" for all of the
object ids sent as have lines which are common.
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
A response cannot have both "ACK" lines as well as a "NAK"
line.
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
The server will respond with a "ready" line indicating that
the server has found an acceptable common base and is ready to
make and send a packfile (which will be found in the packfile
section of the same response)
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
If the server has found a suitable cut point and has decided
to send a "ready" line, then the server can decide to (as an
optimization) omit any "ACK" lines it would have sent during
its response. This is because the server will have already
determined the objects it plans to send to the client and no
further negotiation is needed.
</p>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>shallow-info section
* If the client has requested a shallow fetch/clone, a shallow
client requests a fetch or the server is shallow then the
server's response may include a shallow-info section. The
shallow-info section will be included if (due to one of the
above conditions) the server needs to inform the client of any
shallow boundaries or adjustments to the clients already
existing shallow boundaries.</code></pre>
</div></div>
</li>
<li>
<p>
Always begins with the section header "shallow-info"
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
If a positive depth is requested, the server will compute the
set of commits which are no deeper than the desired depth.
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
The server sends a "shallow obj-id" line for each commit whose
parents will not be sent in the following packfile.
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
The server sends an "unshallow obj-id" line for each commit
which the client has indicated is shallow, but is no longer
shallow as a result of the fetch (due to its parents being
sent in the following packfile).
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
The server MUST NOT send any "unshallow" lines for anything
which the client has not indicated was shallow as a part of
its request.
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
This section is only included if a packfile section is also
included in the response.
</p>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>wanted-refs section
* This section is only included if the client has requested a
ref using a 'want-ref' line and if a packfile section is also
included in the response.</code></pre>
</div></div>
</li>
<li>
<p>
Always begins with the section header "wanted-refs".
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
The server will send a ref listing ("&lt;oid&gt; &lt;refname&gt;") for
each reference requested using <em>want-ref</em> lines.
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
The server MUST NOT send any refs which were not requested
using <em>want-ref</em> lines.
</p>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>packfile section
* This section is only included if the client has sent 'want'
lines in its request and either requested that no more
negotiation be done by sending 'done' or if the server has
decided it has found a sufficient cut point to produce a
packfile.</code></pre>
</div></div>
</li>
<li>
<p>
Always begins with the section header "packfile"
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
The transmission of the packfile begins immediately after the
section header
</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>
The data transfer of the packfile is always multiplexed, using
the same semantics of the <em>side-band-64k</em> capability from
protocol version 1. This means that each packet, during the
packfile data stream, is made up of a leading 4-byte pkt-line
length (typical of the pkt-line format), followed by a 1-byte
stream code, followed by the actual data.
</p>
<div class="literalblock">
<div class="content">
<pre><code>The stream code can be one of:
1 - pack data
2 - progress messages
3 - fatal error message just before stream aborts</code></pre>
</div></div>
</li>
</ul></div>
</div>
<div class="sect2">
<h3 id="_server_option"> server-option</h3>
<div class="paragraph"><p>If advertised, indicates that any number of server specific options can be
included in a request. This is done by sending each option as a
"server-option=&lt;option&gt;" capability line in the capability-list section of
a request.</p></div>
<div class="paragraph"><p>The provided options must not contain a NUL or LF character.</p></div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div id="footnotes"><hr /></div>
<div id="footer">
<div id="footer-text">
Last updated
2018-07-26 07:10:28 JST
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>