blob: 61fdc549524d0c2c167ce835d1245316ac6f7fc4 [file] [log] [blame]
'\" t
.\" Title: giteveryday
.\" Author: [FIXME: author] [see http://docbook.sf.net/el/author]
.\" Generator: DocBook XSL Stylesheets v1.79.1 <http://docbook.sf.net/>
.\" Date: 11/18/2018
.\" Manual: Git Manual
.\" Source: Git 2.20.0.rc0
.\" Language: English
.\"
.TH "GITEVERYDAY" "7" "11/18/2018" "Git 2\&.20\&.0\&.rc0" "Git Manual"
.\" -----------------------------------------------------------------
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.\" http://bugs.debian.org/507673
.\" http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/groff/2009-02/msg00013.html
.\" ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.ie \n(.g .ds Aq \(aq
.el .ds Aq '
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.\" * set default formatting
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.nh
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.ad l
.\" -----------------------------------------------------------------
.\" * MAIN CONTENT STARTS HERE *
.\" -----------------------------------------------------------------
.SH "NAME"
giteveryday \- A useful minimum set of commands for Everyday Git
.SH "SYNOPSIS"
.sp
Everyday Git With 20 Commands Or So
.SH "DESCRIPTION"
.sp
Git users can broadly be grouped into four categories for the purposes of describing here a small set of useful command for everyday Git\&.
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
Individual Developer (Standalone)
commands are essential for anybody who makes a commit, even for somebody who works alone\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
If you work with other people, you will need commands listed in the
Individual Developer (Participant)
section as well\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
People who play the
Integrator
role need to learn some more commands in addition to the above\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
Repository Administration
commands are for system administrators who are responsible for the care and feeding of Git repositories\&.
.RE
.SH "INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPER (STANDALONE)"
.sp
A standalone individual developer does not exchange patches with other people, and works alone in a single repository, using the following commands\&.
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-init\fR(1)
to create a new repository\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-log\fR(1)
to see what happened\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-checkout\fR(1)
and
\fBgit-branch\fR(1)
to switch branches\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-add\fR(1)
to manage the index file\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-diff\fR(1)
and
\fBgit-status\fR(1)
to see what you are in the middle of doing\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-commit\fR(1)
to advance the current branch\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-reset\fR(1)
and
\fBgit-checkout\fR(1)
(with pathname parameters) to undo changes\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-merge\fR(1)
to merge between local branches\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-rebase\fR(1)
to maintain topic branches\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-tag\fR(1)
to mark a known point\&.
.RE
.SS "Examples"
.PP
Use a tarball as a starting point for a new repository\&.
.RS 4
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
$ tar zxf frotz\&.tar\&.gz
$ cd frotz
$ git init
$ git add \&. \fB(1)\fR
$ git commit \-m "import of frotz source tree\&."
$ git tag v2\&.43 \fB(2)\fR
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
\fB1. \fRadd everything under the current directory\&.
.br
\fB2. \fRmake a lightweight, unannotated tag\&.
.br
.RE
.PP
Create a topic branch and develop\&.
.RS 4
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
$ git checkout \-b alsa\-audio \fB(1)\fR
$ edit/compile/test
$ git checkout \-\- curses/ux_audio_oss\&.c \fB(2)\fR
$ git add curses/ux_audio_alsa\&.c \fB(3)\fR
$ edit/compile/test
$ git diff HEAD \fB(4)\fR
$ git commit \-a \-s \fB(5)\fR
$ edit/compile/test
$ git diff HEAD^ \fB(6)\fR
$ git commit \-a \-\-amend \fB(7)\fR
$ git checkout master \fB(8)\fR
$ git merge alsa\-audio \fB(9)\fR
$ git log \-\-since=\(aq3 days ago\(aq \fB(10)\fR
$ git log v2\&.43\&.\&. curses/ \fB(11)\fR
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
\fB1. \fRcreate a new topic branch\&.
.br
\fB2. \fRrevert your botched changes in
\fBcurses/ux_audio_oss\&.c\fR\&.
.br
\fB3. \fRyou need to tell Git if you added a new file; removal and modification will be caught if you do
\fBgit commit \-a\fR
later\&.
.br
\fB4. \fRto see what changes you are committing\&.
.br
\fB5. \fRcommit everything, as you have tested, with your sign\-off\&.
.br
\fB6. \fRlook at all your changes including the previous commit\&.
.br
\fB7. \fRamend the previous commit, adding all your new changes, using your original message\&.
.br
\fB8. \fRswitch to the master branch\&.
.br
\fB9. \fRmerge a topic branch into your master branch\&.
.br
\fB10. \fRreview commit logs; other forms to limit output can be combined and include
\fB\-10\fR
(to show up to 10 commits),
\fB\-\-until=2005\-12\-10\fR, etc\&.
.br
\fB11. \fRview only the changes that touch what\(cqs in
\fBcurses/\fR
directory, since
\fBv2\&.43\fR
tag\&.
.br
.RE
.SH "INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPER (PARTICIPANT)"
.sp
A developer working as a participant in a group project needs to learn how to communicate with others, and uses these commands in addition to the ones needed by a standalone developer\&.
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-clone\fR(1)
from the upstream to prime your local repository\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-pull\fR(1)
and
\fBgit-fetch\fR(1)
from "origin" to keep up\-to\-date with the upstream\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-push\fR(1)
to shared repository, if you adopt CVS style shared repository workflow\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-format-patch\fR(1)
to prepare e\-mail submission, if you adopt Linux kernel\-style public forum workflow\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-send-email\fR(1)
to send your e\-mail submission without corruption by your MUA\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-request-pull\fR(1)
to create a summary of changes for your upstream to pull\&.
.RE
.SS "Examples"
.PP
Clone the upstream and work on it\&. Feed changes to upstream\&.
.RS 4
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
$ git clone git://git\&.kernel\&.org/pub/scm/\&.\&.\&./torvalds/linux\-2\&.6 my2\&.6
$ cd my2\&.6
$ git checkout \-b mine master \fB(1)\fR
$ edit/compile/test; git commit \-a \-s \fB(2)\fR
$ git format\-patch master \fB(3)\fR
$ git send\-email \-\-to="person <email@example\&.com>" 00*\&.patch \fB(4)\fR
$ git checkout master \fB(5)\fR
$ git pull \fB(6)\fR
$ git log \-p ORIG_HEAD\&.\&. arch/i386 include/asm\-i386 \fB(7)\fR
$ git ls\-remote \-\-heads http://git\&.kernel\&.org/\&.\&.\&./jgarzik/libata\-dev\&.git \fB(8)\fR
$ git pull git://git\&.kernel\&.org/pub/\&.\&.\&./jgarzik/libata\-dev\&.git ALL \fB(9)\fR
$ git reset \-\-hard ORIG_HEAD \fB(10)\fR
$ git gc \fB(11)\fR
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
\fB1. \fRcheckout a new branch
\fBmine\fR
from master\&.
.br
\fB2. \fRrepeat as needed\&.
.br
\fB3. \fRextract patches from your branch, relative to master,
.br
\fB4. \fRand email them\&.
.br
\fB5. \fRreturn to
\fBmaster\fR, ready to see what\(cqs new
.br
\fB6. \fR\fBgit pull\fR
fetches from
\fBorigin\fR
by default and merges into the current branch\&.
.br
\fB7. \fRimmediately after pulling, look at the changes done upstream since last time we checked, only in the area we are interested in\&.
.br
\fB8. \fRcheck the branch names in an external repository (if not known)\&.
.br
\fB9. \fRfetch from a specific branch
\fBALL\fR
from a specific repository and merge it\&.
.br
\fB10. \fRrevert the pull\&.
.br
\fB11. \fRgarbage collect leftover objects from reverted pull\&.
.br
.RE
.PP
Push into another repository\&.
.RS 4
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
satellite$ git clone mothership:frotz frotz \fB(1)\fR
satellite$ cd frotz
satellite$ git config \-\-get\-regexp \(aq^(remote|branch)\e\&.\(aq \fB(2)\fR
remote\&.origin\&.url mothership:frotz
remote\&.origin\&.fetch refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
branch\&.master\&.remote origin
branch\&.master\&.merge refs/heads/master
satellite$ git config remote\&.origin\&.push \e
+refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/satellite/* \fB(3)\fR
satellite$ edit/compile/test/commit
satellite$ git push origin \fB(4)\fR
mothership$ cd frotz
mothership$ git checkout master
mothership$ git merge satellite/master \fB(5)\fR
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
\fB1. \fRmothership machine has a frotz repository under your home directory; clone from it to start a repository on the satellite machine\&.
.br
\fB2. \fRclone sets these configuration variables by default\&. It arranges
\fBgit pull\fR
to fetch and store the branches of mothership machine to local
\fBremotes/origin/*\fR
remote\-tracking branches\&.
.br
\fB3. \fRarrange
\fBgit push\fR
to push all local branches to their corresponding branch of the mothership machine\&.
.br
\fB4. \fRpush will stash all our work away on
\fBremotes/satellite/*\fR
remote\-tracking branches on the mothership machine\&. You could use this as a back\-up method\&. Likewise, you can pretend that mothership "fetched" from you (useful when access is one sided)\&.
.br
\fB5. \fRon mothership machine, merge the work done on the satellite machine into the master branch\&.
.br
.RE
.PP
Branch off of a specific tag\&.
.RS 4
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
$ git checkout \-b private2\&.6\&.14 v2\&.6\&.14 \fB(1)\fR
$ edit/compile/test; git commit \-a
$ git checkout master
$ git cherry\-pick v2\&.6\&.14\&.\&.private2\&.6\&.14 \fB(2)\fR
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
\fB1. \fRcreate a private branch based on a well known (but somewhat behind) tag\&.
.br
\fB2. \fRforward port all changes in
\fBprivate2\&.6\&.14\fR
branch to
\fBmaster\fR
branch without a formal "merging"\&. Or longhand
\fBgit format\-patch \-k \-m \-\-stdout v2\&.6\&.14\&.\&.private2\&.6\&.14 | git am \-3 \-k\fR
.br
.RE
.sp
An alternate participant submission mechanism is using the \fBgit request\-pull\fR or pull\-request mechanisms (e\&.g as used on GitHub (www\&.github\&.com) to notify your upstream of your contribution\&.
.SH "INTEGRATOR"
.sp
A fairly central person acting as the integrator in a group project receives changes made by others, reviews and integrates them and publishes the result for others to use, using these commands in addition to the ones needed by participants\&.
.sp
This section can also be used by those who respond to \fBgit request\-pull\fR or pull\-request on GitHub (www\&.github\&.com) to integrate the work of others into their history\&. A sub\-area lieutenant for a repository will act both as a participant and as an integrator\&.
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-am\fR(1)
to apply patches e\-mailed in from your contributors\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-pull\fR(1)
to merge from your trusted lieutenants\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-format-patch\fR(1)
to prepare and send suggested alternative to contributors\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-revert\fR(1)
to undo botched commits\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-push\fR(1)
to publish the bleeding edge\&.
.RE
.SS "Examples"
.PP
A typical integrator\(cqs Git day\&.
.RS 4
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
$ git status \fB(1)\fR
$ git branch \-\-no\-merged master \fB(2)\fR
$ mailx \fB(3)\fR
& s 2 3 4 5 \&./+to\-apply
& s 7 8 \&./+hold\-linus
& q
$ git checkout \-b topic/one master
$ git am \-3 \-i \-s \&./+to\-apply \fB(4)\fR
$ compile/test
$ git checkout \-b hold/linus && git am \-3 \-i \-s \&./+hold\-linus \fB(5)\fR
$ git checkout topic/one && git rebase master \fB(6)\fR
$ git checkout pu && git reset \-\-hard next \fB(7)\fR
$ git merge topic/one topic/two && git merge hold/linus \fB(8)\fR
$ git checkout maint
$ git cherry\-pick master~4 \fB(9)\fR
$ compile/test
$ git tag \-s \-m "GIT 0\&.99\&.9x" v0\&.99\&.9x \fB(10)\fR
$ git fetch ko && for branch in master maint next pu \fB(11)\fR
do
git show\-branch ko/$branch $branch \fB(12)\fR
done
$ git push \-\-follow\-tags ko \fB(13)\fR
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
\fB1. \fRsee what you were in the middle of doing, if anything\&.
.br
\fB2. \fRsee which branches haven\(cqt been merged into
\fBmaster\fR
yet\&. Likewise for any other integration branches e\&.g\&.
\fBmaint\fR,
\fBnext\fR
and
\fBpu\fR
(potential updates)\&.
.br
\fB3. \fRread mails, save ones that are applicable, and save others that are not quite ready (other mail readers are available)\&.
.br
\fB4. \fRapply them, interactively, with your sign\-offs\&.
.br
\fB5. \fRcreate topic branch as needed and apply, again with sign\-offs\&.
.br
\fB6. \fRrebase internal topic branch that has not been merged to the master or exposed as a part of a stable branch\&.
.br
\fB7. \fRrestart
\fBpu\fR
every time from the next\&.
.br
\fB8. \fRand bundle topic branches still cooking\&.
.br
\fB9. \fRbackport a critical fix\&.
.br
\fB10. \fRcreate a signed tag\&.
.br
\fB11. \fRmake sure master was not accidentally rewound beyond that already pushed out\&.
.br
\fB12. \fRIn the output from
\fBgit show\-branch\fR,
\fBmaster\fR
should have everything
\fBko/master\fR
has, and
\fBnext\fR
should have everything
\fBko/next\fR
has, etc\&.
.br
\fB13. \fRpush out the bleeding edge, together with new tags that point into the pushed history\&.
.br
.RE
.sp
In this example, the \fBko\fR shorthand points at the Git maintainer\(cqs repository at kernel\&.org, and looks like this:
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
(in \&.git/config)
[remote "ko"]
url = kernel\&.org:/pub/scm/git/git\&.git
fetch = refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/ko/*
push = refs/heads/master
push = refs/heads/next
push = +refs/heads/pu
push = refs/heads/maint
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
.SH "REPOSITORY ADMINISTRATION"
.sp
A repository administrator uses the following tools to set up and maintain access to the repository by developers\&.
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-daemon\fR(1)
to allow anonymous download from repository\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-shell\fR(1)
can be used as a
\fIrestricted login shell\fR
for shared central repository users\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgit-http-backend\fR(1)
provides a server side implementation of Git\-over\-HTTP ("Smart http") allowing both fetch and push services\&.
.RE
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
\fBgitweb\fR(1)
provides a web front\-end to Git repositories, which can be set\-up using the
\fBgit-instaweb\fR(1)
script\&.
.RE
.sp
\m[blue]\fBupdate hook howto\fR\m[]\&\s-2\u[1]\d\s+2 has a good example of managing a shared central repository\&.
.sp
In addition there are a number of other widely deployed hosting, browsing and reviewing solutions such as:
.sp
.RS 4
.ie n \{\
\h'-04'\(bu\h'+03'\c
.\}
.el \{\
.sp -1
.IP \(bu 2.3
.\}
gitolite, gerrit code review, cgit and others\&.
.RE
.SS "Examples"
.PP
We assume the following in /etc/services
.RS 4
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
$ grep 9418 /etc/services
git 9418/tcp # Git Version Control System
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
.RE
.PP
Run git\-daemon to serve /pub/scm from inetd\&.
.RS 4
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
$ grep git /etc/inetd\&.conf
git stream tcp nowait nobody \e
/usr/bin/git\-daemon git\-daemon \-\-inetd \-\-export\-all /pub/scm
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
The actual configuration line should be on one line\&.
.RE
.PP
Run git\-daemon to serve /pub/scm from xinetd\&.
.RS 4
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
$ cat /etc/xinetd\&.d/git\-daemon
# default: off
# description: The Git server offers access to Git repositories
service git
{
disable = no
type = UNLISTED
port = 9418
socket_type = stream
wait = no
user = nobody
server = /usr/bin/git\-daemon
server_args = \-\-inetd \-\-export\-all \-\-base\-path=/pub/scm
log_on_failure += USERID
}
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
Check your xinetd(8) documentation and setup, this is from a Fedora system\&. Others might be different\&.
.RE
.PP
Give push/pull only access to developers using git\-over\-ssh\&.
.RS 4
e\&.g\&. those using:
\fB$ git push/pull ssh://host\&.xz/pub/scm/project\fR
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
$ grep git /etc/passwd \fB(1)\fR
alice:x:1000:1000::/home/alice:/usr/bin/git\-shell
bob:x:1001:1001::/home/bob:/usr/bin/git\-shell
cindy:x:1002:1002::/home/cindy:/usr/bin/git\-shell
david:x:1003:1003::/home/david:/usr/bin/git\-shell
$ grep git /etc/shells \fB(2)\fR
/usr/bin/git\-shell
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
\fB1. \fRlog\-in shell is set to /usr/bin/git\-shell, which does not allow anything but
\fBgit push\fR
and
\fBgit pull\fR\&. The users require ssh access to the machine\&.
.br
\fB2. \fRin many distributions /etc/shells needs to list what is used as the login shell\&.
.br
.RE
.PP
CVS\-style shared repository\&.
.RS 4
.sp
.if n \{\
.RS 4
.\}
.nf
$ grep git /etc/group \fB(1)\fR
git:x:9418:alice,bob,cindy,david
$ cd /home/devo\&.git
$ ls \-l \fB(2)\fR
lrwxrwxrwx 1 david git 17 Dec 4 22:40 HEAD \-> refs/heads/master
drwxrwsr\-x 2 david git 4096 Dec 4 22:40 branches
\-rw\-rw\-r\-\- 1 david git 84 Dec 4 22:40 config
\-rw\-rw\-r\-\- 1 david git 58 Dec 4 22:40 description
drwxrwsr\-x 2 david git 4096 Dec 4 22:40 hooks
\-rw\-rw\-r\-\- 1 david git 37504 Dec 4 22:40 index
drwxrwsr\-x 2 david git 4096 Dec 4 22:40 info
drwxrwsr\-x 4 david git 4096 Dec 4 22:40 objects
drwxrwsr\-x 4 david git 4096 Nov 7 14:58 refs
drwxrwsr\-x 2 david git 4096 Dec 4 22:40 remotes
$ ls \-l hooks/update \fB(3)\fR
\-r\-xr\-xr\-x 1 david git 3536 Dec 4 22:40 update
$ cat info/allowed\-users \fB(4)\fR
refs/heads/master alice\e|cindy
refs/heads/doc\-update bob
refs/tags/v[0\-9]* david
.fi
.if n \{\
.RE
.\}
.sp
\fB1. \fRplace the developers into the same git group\&.
.br
\fB2. \fRand make the shared repository writable by the group\&.
.br
\fB3. \fRuse update\-hook example by Carl from Documentation/howto/ for branch policy control\&.
.br
\fB4. \fRalice and cindy can push into master, only bob can push into doc\-update\&. david is the release manager and is the only person who can create and push version tags\&.
.br
.RE
.SH "GIT"
.sp
Part of the \fBgit\fR(1) suite
.SH "NOTES"
.IP " 1." 4
update hook howto
.RS 4
\%git-htmldocs/howto/update-hook-example.html
.RE