blob: 587c21667bea1f19250992bed64bc75e2cd85f83 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* USB device properties and persistent device path
*
* Copyright (c) 2005 SUSE Linux Products GmbH, Germany
* Author: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.de>
*
* Copyright (C) 2005-2011 Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
*
* This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation, either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include "udev.h"
static void set_usb_iftype(char *to, int if_class_num, size_t len)
{
char *type = "generic";
switch (if_class_num) {
case 1:
type = "audio";
break;
case 2: /* CDC-Control */
break;
case 3:
type = "hid";
break;
case 5: /* Physical */
break;
case 6:
type = "media";
break;
case 7:
type = "printer";
break;
case 8:
type = "storage";
break;
case 9:
type = "hub";
break;
case 0x0a: /* CDC-Data */
break;
case 0x0b: /* Chip/Smart Card */
break;
case 0x0d: /* Content Security */
break;
case 0x0e:
type = "video";
break;
case 0xdc: /* Diagnostic Device */
break;
case 0xe0: /* Wireless Controller */
break;
case 0xfe: /* Application-specific */
break;
case 0xff: /* Vendor-specific */
break;
default:
break;
}
strncpy(to, type, len);
to[len-1] = '\0';
}
static int set_usb_mass_storage_ifsubtype(char *to, const char *from, size_t len)
{
int type_num = 0;
char *eptr;
char *type = "generic";
type_num = strtoul(from, &eptr, 0);
if (eptr != from) {
switch (type_num) {
case 2:
type = "atapi";
break;
case 3:
type = "tape";
break;
case 4: /* UFI */
case 5: /* SFF-8070i */
type = "floppy";
break;
case 1: /* RBC devices */
type = "rbc";
break;
case 6: /* Transparent SPC-2 devices */
type = "scsi";
break;
default:
break;
}
}
util_strscpy(to, len, type);
return type_num;
}
static void set_scsi_type(char *to, const char *from, size_t len)
{
int type_num;
char *eptr;
char *type = "generic";
type_num = strtoul(from, &eptr, 0);
if (eptr != from) {
switch (type_num) {
case 0:
case 0xe:
type = "disk";
break;
case 1:
type = "tape";
break;
case 4:
case 7:
case 0xf:
type = "optical";
break;
case 5:
type = "cd";
break;
default:
break;
}
}
util_strscpy(to, len, type);
}
#define USB_DT_DEVICE 0x01
#define USB_DT_INTERFACE 0x04
static int dev_if_packed_info(struct udev_device *dev, char *ifs_str, size_t len)
{
char *filename = NULL;
int fd;
ssize_t size;
unsigned char buf[18 + 65535];
unsigned int pos, strpos;
struct usb_interface_descriptor {
u_int8_t bLength;
u_int8_t bDescriptorType;
u_int8_t bInterfaceNumber;
u_int8_t bAlternateSetting;
u_int8_t bNumEndpoints;
u_int8_t bInterfaceClass;
u_int8_t bInterfaceSubClass;
u_int8_t bInterfaceProtocol;
u_int8_t iInterface;
} __attribute__((packed));
int err = 0;
if (asprintf(&filename, "%s/descriptors", udev_device_get_syspath(dev)) < 0) {
err = -1;
goto out;
}
fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC);
if (fd < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "error opening USB device 'descriptors' file\n");
err = -1;
goto out;
}
size = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
close(fd);
if (size < 18 || size == sizeof(buf)) {
err = -1;
goto out;
}
pos = 0;
strpos = 0;
ifs_str[0] = '\0';
while (pos < sizeof(buf) && strpos+7 < len-2) {
struct usb_interface_descriptor *desc;
char if_str[8];
desc = (struct usb_interface_descriptor *) &buf[pos];
if (desc->bLength < 3)
break;
pos += desc->bLength;
if (desc->bDescriptorType != USB_DT_INTERFACE)
continue;
if (snprintf(if_str, 8, ":%02x%02x%02x",
desc->bInterfaceClass,
desc->bInterfaceSubClass,
desc->bInterfaceProtocol) != 7)
continue;
if (strstr(ifs_str, if_str) != NULL)
continue;
memcpy(&ifs_str[strpos], if_str, 8),
strpos += 7;
}
if (strpos > 0) {
ifs_str[strpos++] = ':';
ifs_str[strpos++] = '\0';
}
out:
free(filename);
return err;
}
/*
* A unique USB identification is generated like this:
*
* 1.) Get the USB device type from InterfaceClass and InterfaceSubClass
* 2.) If the device type is 'Mass-Storage/SPC-2' or 'Mass-Storage/RBC'
* use the SCSI vendor and model as USB-Vendor and USB-model.
* 3.) Otherwise use the USB manufacturer and product as
* USB-Vendor and USB-model. Any non-printable characters
* in those strings will be skipped; a slash '/' will be converted
* into a full stop '.'.
* 4.) If that fails, too, we will use idVendor and idProduct
* as USB-Vendor and USB-model.
* 5.) The USB identification is the USB-vendor and USB-model
* string concatenated with an underscore '_'.
* 6.) If the device supplies a serial number, this number
* is concatenated with the identification with an underscore '_'.
*/
static int builtin_usb_id(struct udev_device *dev, bool test)
{
char vendor_str[64];
char vendor_str_enc[256];
const char *vendor_id;
char model_str[64];
char model_str_enc[256];
const char *product_id;
char serial_str[UTIL_NAME_SIZE];
char packed_if_str[UTIL_NAME_SIZE];
char revision_str[64];
char type_str[64];
char instance_str[64];
const char *ifnum = NULL;
const char *driver = NULL;
char serial[256];
struct udev *udev = udev_device_get_udev(dev);
struct udev_device *dev_interface = NULL;
struct udev_device *dev_usb = NULL;
const char *if_class, *if_subclass;
int if_class_num;
int protocol = 0;
size_t l;
char *s;
vendor_str[0] = '\0';
model_str[0] = '\0';
serial_str[0] = '\0';
packed_if_str[0] = '\0';
revision_str[0] = '\0';
type_str[0] = '\0';
instance_str[0] = '\0';
dbg(udev, "syspath %s\n", udev_device_get_syspath(dev));
/* shortcut, if we are called directly for a "usb_device" type */
if (udev_device_get_devtype(dev) != NULL && strcmp(udev_device_get_devtype(dev), "usb_device") == 0) {
dev_if_packed_info(dev, packed_if_str, sizeof(packed_if_str));
dev_usb = dev;
goto fallback;
}
/* usb interface directory */
dev_interface = udev_device_get_parent_with_subsystem_devtype(dev, "usb", "usb_interface");
if (dev_interface == NULL) {
info(udev, "unable to access usb_interface device of '%s'\n",
udev_device_get_syspath(dev));
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
ifnum = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_interface, "bInterfaceNumber");
driver = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_interface, "driver");
if_class = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_interface, "bInterfaceClass");
if (!if_class) {
info(udev, "%s: cannot get bInterfaceClass attribute\n",
udev_device_get_sysname(dev));
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
if_class_num = strtoul(if_class, NULL, 16);
if (if_class_num == 8) {
/* mass storage */
if_subclass = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_interface, "bInterfaceSubClass");
if (if_subclass != NULL)
protocol = set_usb_mass_storage_ifsubtype(type_str, if_subclass, sizeof(type_str)-1);
} else {
set_usb_iftype(type_str, if_class_num, sizeof(type_str)-1);
}
info(udev, "%s: if_class %d protocol %d\n",
udev_device_get_syspath(dev_interface), if_class_num, protocol);
/* usb device directory */
dev_usb = udev_device_get_parent_with_subsystem_devtype(dev_interface, "usb", "usb_device");
if (!dev_usb) {
info(udev, "unable to find parent 'usb' device of '%s'\n",
udev_device_get_syspath(dev));
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
/* all interfaces of the device in a single string */
dev_if_packed_info(dev_usb, packed_if_str, sizeof(packed_if_str));
/* mass storage : SCSI or ATAPI */
if ((protocol == 6 || protocol == 2)) {
struct udev_device *dev_scsi;
const char *scsi_model, *scsi_vendor, *scsi_type, *scsi_rev;
int host, bus, target, lun;
/* get scsi device */
dev_scsi = udev_device_get_parent_with_subsystem_devtype(dev, "scsi", "scsi_device");
if (dev_scsi == NULL) {
info(udev, "unable to find parent 'scsi' device of '%s'\n",
udev_device_get_syspath(dev));
goto fallback;
}
if (sscanf(udev_device_get_sysname(dev_scsi), "%d:%d:%d:%d", &host, &bus, &target, &lun) != 4) {
info(udev, "invalid scsi device '%s'\n", udev_device_get_sysname(dev_scsi));
goto fallback;
}
/* Generic SPC-2 device */
scsi_vendor = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_scsi, "vendor");
if (!scsi_vendor) {
info(udev, "%s: cannot get SCSI vendor attribute\n",
udev_device_get_sysname(dev_scsi));
goto fallback;
}
udev_util_encode_string(scsi_vendor, vendor_str_enc, sizeof(vendor_str_enc));
util_replace_whitespace(scsi_vendor, vendor_str, sizeof(vendor_str)-1);
util_replace_chars(vendor_str, NULL);
scsi_model = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_scsi, "model");
if (!scsi_model) {
info(udev, "%s: cannot get SCSI model attribute\n",
udev_device_get_sysname(dev_scsi));
goto fallback;
}
udev_util_encode_string(scsi_model, model_str_enc, sizeof(model_str_enc));
util_replace_whitespace(scsi_model, model_str, sizeof(model_str)-1);
util_replace_chars(model_str, NULL);
scsi_type = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_scsi, "type");
if (!scsi_type) {
info(udev, "%s: cannot get SCSI type attribute\n",
udev_device_get_sysname(dev_scsi));
goto fallback;
}
set_scsi_type(type_str, scsi_type, sizeof(type_str)-1);
scsi_rev = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_scsi, "rev");
if (!scsi_rev) {
info(udev, "%s: cannot get SCSI revision attribute\n",
udev_device_get_sysname(dev_scsi));
goto fallback;
}
util_replace_whitespace(scsi_rev, revision_str, sizeof(revision_str)-1);
util_replace_chars(revision_str, NULL);
/*
* some broken devices have the same identifiers
* for all luns, export the target:lun number
*/
sprintf(instance_str, "%d:%d", target, lun);
}
fallback:
vendor_id = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_usb, "idVendor");
product_id = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_usb, "idProduct");
/* fallback to USB vendor & device */
if (vendor_str[0] == '\0') {
const char *usb_vendor = NULL;
usb_vendor = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_usb, "manufacturer");
if (!usb_vendor)
usb_vendor = vendor_id;
if (!usb_vendor) {
info(udev, "No USB vendor information available\n");
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
udev_util_encode_string(usb_vendor, vendor_str_enc, sizeof(vendor_str_enc));
util_replace_whitespace(usb_vendor, vendor_str, sizeof(vendor_str)-1);
util_replace_chars(vendor_str, NULL);
}
if (model_str[0] == '\0') {
const char *usb_model = NULL;
usb_model = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_usb, "product");
if (!usb_model)
usb_model = product_id;
if (!usb_model) {
dbg(udev, "No USB model information available\n");
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
udev_util_encode_string(usb_model, model_str_enc, sizeof(model_str_enc));
util_replace_whitespace(usb_model, model_str, sizeof(model_str)-1);
util_replace_chars(model_str, NULL);
}
if (revision_str[0] == '\0') {
const char *usb_rev;
usb_rev = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_usb, "bcdDevice");
if (usb_rev) {
util_replace_whitespace(usb_rev, revision_str, sizeof(revision_str)-1);
util_replace_chars(revision_str, NULL);
}
}
if (serial_str[0] == '\0') {
const char *usb_serial;
usb_serial = udev_device_get_sysattr_value(dev_usb, "serial");
if (usb_serial) {
util_replace_whitespace(usb_serial, serial_str, sizeof(serial_str)-1);
util_replace_chars(serial_str, NULL);
}
}
s = serial;
l = util_strpcpyl(&s, sizeof(serial), vendor_str, "_", model_str, NULL);
if (serial_str[0] != '\0')
l = util_strpcpyl(&s, l, "_", serial_str, NULL);
if (instance_str[0] != '\0')
util_strpcpyl(&s, l, "-", instance_str, NULL);
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_VENDOR", vendor_str);
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_VENDOR_ENC", vendor_str_enc);
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_VENDOR_ID", vendor_id);
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_MODEL", model_str);
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_MODEL_ENC", model_str_enc);
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_MODEL_ID", product_id);
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_REVISION", revision_str);
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_SERIAL", serial);
if (serial_str[0] != '\0')
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_SERIAL_SHORT", serial_str);
if (type_str[0] != '\0')
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_TYPE", type_str);
if (instance_str[0] != '\0')
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_INSTANCE", instance_str);
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_BUS", "usb");
if (packed_if_str[0] != '\0')
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_USB_INTERFACES", packed_if_str);
if (ifnum != NULL)
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_USB_INTERFACE_NUM", ifnum);
if (driver != NULL)
udev_builtin_add_property(dev, test, "ID_USB_DRIVER", driver);
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
const struct udev_builtin udev_builtin_usb_id = {
.name = "usb_id",
.cmd = builtin_usb_id,
.help = "usb device properties",
};