blob: 1628201c8ceaf16e60d7bea03d14e1813f2cbc2b [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* PowerPC64 port by Mike Corrigan and Dave Engebretsen
* {mikejc|engebret}@us.ibm.com
*
* Copyright (c) 2000 Mike Corrigan <mikejc@us.ibm.com>
*
* SMP scalability work:
* Copyright (C) 2001 Anton Blanchard <anton@au.ibm.com>, IBM
*
* Module name: htab.c
*
* Description:
* PowerPC Hashed Page Table functions
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
* 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*/
#undef DEBUG
#undef DEBUG_LOW
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/mmu.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/types.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/machdep.h>
#include <asm/prom.h>
#include <asm/abs_addr.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/eeh.h>
#include <asm/tlb.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/cputable.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <asm/spu.h>
#include <asm/udbg.h>
#include <asm/code-patching.h>
#ifdef DEBUG
#define DBG(fmt...) udbg_printf(fmt)
#else
#define DBG(fmt...)
#endif
#ifdef DEBUG_LOW
#define DBG_LOW(fmt...) udbg_printf(fmt)
#else
#define DBG_LOW(fmt...)
#endif
#define KB (1024)
#define MB (1024*KB)
#define GB (1024L*MB)
/*
* Note: pte --> Linux PTE
* HPTE --> PowerPC Hashed Page Table Entry
*
* Execution context:
* htab_initialize is called with the MMU off (of course), but
* the kernel has been copied down to zero so it can directly
* reference global data. At this point it is very difficult
* to print debug info.
*
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_U3_DART
extern unsigned long dart_tablebase;
#endif /* CONFIG_U3_DART */
static unsigned long _SDR1;
struct mmu_psize_def mmu_psize_defs[MMU_PAGE_COUNT];
struct hash_pte *htab_address;
unsigned long htab_size_bytes;
unsigned long htab_hash_mask;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(htab_hash_mask);
int mmu_linear_psize = MMU_PAGE_4K;
int mmu_virtual_psize = MMU_PAGE_4K;
int mmu_vmalloc_psize = MMU_PAGE_4K;
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
int mmu_vmemmap_psize = MMU_PAGE_4K;
#endif
int mmu_io_psize = MMU_PAGE_4K;
int mmu_kernel_ssize = MMU_SEGSIZE_256M;
int mmu_highuser_ssize = MMU_SEGSIZE_256M;
u16 mmu_slb_size = 64;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmu_slb_size);
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES
int mmu_ci_restrictions;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
static u8 *linear_map_hash_slots;
static unsigned long linear_map_hash_count;
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(linear_map_hash_lock);
#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */
/* There are definitions of page sizes arrays to be used when none
* is provided by the firmware.
*/
/* Pre-POWER4 CPUs (4k pages only)
*/
static struct mmu_psize_def mmu_psize_defaults_old[] = {
[MMU_PAGE_4K] = {
.shift = 12,
.sllp = 0,
.penc = 0,
.avpnm = 0,
.tlbiel = 0,
},
};
/* POWER4, GPUL, POWER5
*
* Support for 16Mb large pages
*/
static struct mmu_psize_def mmu_psize_defaults_gp[] = {
[MMU_PAGE_4K] = {
.shift = 12,
.sllp = 0,
.penc = 0,
.avpnm = 0,
.tlbiel = 1,
},
[MMU_PAGE_16M] = {
.shift = 24,
.sllp = SLB_VSID_L,
.penc = 0,
.avpnm = 0x1UL,
.tlbiel = 0,
},
};
static unsigned long htab_convert_pte_flags(unsigned long pteflags)
{
unsigned long rflags = pteflags & 0x1fa;
/* _PAGE_EXEC -> NOEXEC */
if ((pteflags & _PAGE_EXEC) == 0)
rflags |= HPTE_R_N;
/* PP bits. PAGE_USER is already PP bit 0x2, so we only
* need to add in 0x1 if it's a read-only user page
*/
if ((pteflags & _PAGE_USER) && !((pteflags & _PAGE_RW) &&
(pteflags & _PAGE_DIRTY)))
rflags |= 1;
/* Always add C */
return rflags | HPTE_R_C;
}
int htab_bolt_mapping(unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend,
unsigned long pstart, unsigned long prot,
int psize, int ssize)
{
unsigned long vaddr, paddr;
unsigned int step, shift;
int ret = 0;
shift = mmu_psize_defs[psize].shift;
step = 1 << shift;
prot = htab_convert_pte_flags(prot);
DBG("htab_bolt_mapping(%lx..%lx -> %lx (%lx,%d,%d)\n",
vstart, vend, pstart, prot, psize, ssize);
for (vaddr = vstart, paddr = pstart; vaddr < vend;
vaddr += step, paddr += step) {
unsigned long hash, hpteg;
unsigned long vsid = get_kernel_vsid(vaddr, ssize);
unsigned long va = hpt_va(vaddr, vsid, ssize);
unsigned long tprot = prot;
/* Make kernel text executable */
if (overlaps_kernel_text(vaddr, vaddr + step))
tprot &= ~HPTE_R_N;
hash = hpt_hash(va, shift, ssize);
hpteg = ((hash & htab_hash_mask) * HPTES_PER_GROUP);
BUG_ON(!ppc_md.hpte_insert);
ret = ppc_md.hpte_insert(hpteg, va, paddr, tprot,
HPTE_V_BOLTED, psize, ssize);
if (ret < 0)
break;
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
if ((paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT) < linear_map_hash_count)
linear_map_hash_slots[paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT] = ret | 0x80;
#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */
}
return ret < 0 ? ret : 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
static int htab_remove_mapping(unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend,
int psize, int ssize)
{
unsigned long vaddr;
unsigned int step, shift;
shift = mmu_psize_defs[psize].shift;
step = 1 << shift;
if (!ppc_md.hpte_removebolted) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "Platform doesn't implement "
"hpte_removebolted\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
for (vaddr = vstart; vaddr < vend; vaddr += step)
ppc_md.hpte_removebolted(vaddr, psize, ssize);
return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */
static int __init htab_dt_scan_seg_sizes(unsigned long node,
const char *uname, int depth,
void *data)
{
char *type = of_get_flat_dt_prop(node, "device_type", NULL);
u32 *prop;
unsigned long size = 0;
/* We are scanning "cpu" nodes only */
if (type == NULL || strcmp(type, "cpu") != 0)
return 0;
prop = (u32 *)of_get_flat_dt_prop(node, "ibm,processor-segment-sizes",
&size);
if (prop == NULL)
return 0;
for (; size >= 4; size -= 4, ++prop) {
if (prop[0] == 40) {
DBG("1T segment support detected\n");
cur_cpu_spec->mmu_features |= MMU_FTR_1T_SEGMENT;
return 1;
}
}
cur_cpu_spec->mmu_features &= ~MMU_FTR_NO_SLBIE_B;
return 0;
}
static void __init htab_init_seg_sizes(void)
{
of_scan_flat_dt(htab_dt_scan_seg_sizes, NULL);
}
static int __init htab_dt_scan_page_sizes(unsigned long node,
const char *uname, int depth,
void *data)
{
char *type = of_get_flat_dt_prop(node, "device_type", NULL);
u32 *prop;
unsigned long size = 0;
/* We are scanning "cpu" nodes only */
if (type == NULL || strcmp(type, "cpu") != 0)
return 0;
prop = (u32 *)of_get_flat_dt_prop(node,
"ibm,segment-page-sizes", &size);
if (prop != NULL) {
DBG("Page sizes from device-tree:\n");
size /= 4;
cur_cpu_spec->mmu_features &= ~(MMU_FTR_16M_PAGE);
while(size > 0) {
unsigned int shift = prop[0];
unsigned int slbenc = prop[1];
unsigned int lpnum = prop[2];
unsigned int lpenc = 0;
struct mmu_psize_def *def;
int idx = -1;
size -= 3; prop += 3;
while(size > 0 && lpnum) {
if (prop[0] == shift)
lpenc = prop[1];
prop += 2; size -= 2;
lpnum--;
}
switch(shift) {
case 0xc:
idx = MMU_PAGE_4K;
break;
case 0x10:
idx = MMU_PAGE_64K;
break;
case 0x14:
idx = MMU_PAGE_1M;
break;
case 0x18:
idx = MMU_PAGE_16M;
cur_cpu_spec->mmu_features |= MMU_FTR_16M_PAGE;
break;
case 0x22:
idx = MMU_PAGE_16G;
break;
}
if (idx < 0)
continue;
def = &mmu_psize_defs[idx];
def->shift = shift;
if (shift <= 23)
def->avpnm = 0;
else
def->avpnm = (1 << (shift - 23)) - 1;
def->sllp = slbenc;
def->penc = lpenc;
/* We don't know for sure what's up with tlbiel, so
* for now we only set it for 4K and 64K pages
*/
if (idx == MMU_PAGE_4K || idx == MMU_PAGE_64K)
def->tlbiel = 1;
else
def->tlbiel = 0;
DBG(" %d: shift=%02x, sllp=%04lx, avpnm=%08lx, "
"tlbiel=%d, penc=%d\n",
idx, shift, def->sllp, def->avpnm, def->tlbiel,
def->penc);
}
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
/* Scan for 16G memory blocks that have been set aside for huge pages
* and reserve those blocks for 16G huge pages.
*/
static int __init htab_dt_scan_hugepage_blocks(unsigned long node,
const char *uname, int depth,
void *data) {
char *type = of_get_flat_dt_prop(node, "device_type", NULL);
unsigned long *addr_prop;
u32 *page_count_prop;
unsigned int expected_pages;
long unsigned int phys_addr;
long unsigned int block_size;
/* We are scanning "memory" nodes only */
if (type == NULL || strcmp(type, "memory") != 0)
return 0;
/* This property is the log base 2 of the number of virtual pages that
* will represent this memory block. */
page_count_prop = of_get_flat_dt_prop(node, "ibm,expected#pages", NULL);
if (page_count_prop == NULL)
return 0;
expected_pages = (1 << page_count_prop[0]);
addr_prop = of_get_flat_dt_prop(node, "reg", NULL);
if (addr_prop == NULL)
return 0;
phys_addr = addr_prop[0];
block_size = addr_prop[1];
if (block_size != (16 * GB))
return 0;
printk(KERN_INFO "Huge page(16GB) memory: "
"addr = 0x%lX size = 0x%lX pages = %d\n",
phys_addr, block_size, expected_pages);
if (phys_addr + (16 * GB) <= memblock_end_of_DRAM()) {
memblock_reserve(phys_addr, block_size * expected_pages);
add_gpage(phys_addr, block_size, expected_pages);
}
return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */
static void __init htab_init_page_sizes(void)
{
int rc;
/* Default to 4K pages only */
memcpy(mmu_psize_defs, mmu_psize_defaults_old,
sizeof(mmu_psize_defaults_old));
/*
* Try to find the available page sizes in the device-tree
*/
rc = of_scan_flat_dt(htab_dt_scan_page_sizes, NULL);
if (rc != 0) /* Found */
goto found;
/*
* Not in the device-tree, let's fallback on known size
* list for 16M capable GP & GR
*/
if (mmu_has_feature(MMU_FTR_16M_PAGE))
memcpy(mmu_psize_defs, mmu_psize_defaults_gp,
sizeof(mmu_psize_defaults_gp));
found:
#ifndef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
/*
* Pick a size for the linear mapping. Currently, we only support
* 16M, 1M and 4K which is the default
*/
if (mmu_psize_defs[MMU_PAGE_16M].shift)
mmu_linear_psize = MMU_PAGE_16M;
else if (mmu_psize_defs[MMU_PAGE_1M].shift)
mmu_linear_psize = MMU_PAGE_1M;
#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES
/*
* Pick a size for the ordinary pages. Default is 4K, we support
* 64K for user mappings and vmalloc if supported by the processor.
* We only use 64k for ioremap if the processor
* (and firmware) support cache-inhibited large pages.
* If not, we use 4k and set mmu_ci_restrictions so that
* hash_page knows to switch processes that use cache-inhibited
* mappings to 4k pages.
*/
if (mmu_psize_defs[MMU_PAGE_64K].shift) {
mmu_virtual_psize = MMU_PAGE_64K;
mmu_vmalloc_psize = MMU_PAGE_64K;
if (mmu_linear_psize == MMU_PAGE_4K)
mmu_linear_psize = MMU_PAGE_64K;
if (mmu_has_feature(MMU_FTR_CI_LARGE_PAGE)) {
/*
* Don't use 64k pages for ioremap on pSeries, since
* that would stop us accessing the HEA ethernet.
*/
if (!machine_is(pseries))
mmu_io_psize = MMU_PAGE_64K;
} else
mmu_ci_restrictions = 1;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES */
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
/* We try to use 16M pages for vmemmap if that is supported
* and we have at least 1G of RAM at boot
*/
if (mmu_psize_defs[MMU_PAGE_16M].shift &&
memblock_phys_mem_size() >= 0x40000000)
mmu_vmemmap_psize = MMU_PAGE_16M;
else if (mmu_psize_defs[MMU_PAGE_64K].shift)
mmu_vmemmap_psize = MMU_PAGE_64K;
else
mmu_vmemmap_psize = MMU_PAGE_4K;
#endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP */
printk(KERN_DEBUG "Page orders: linear mapping = %d, "
"virtual = %d, io = %d"
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
", vmemmap = %d"
#endif
"\n",
mmu_psize_defs[mmu_linear_psize].shift,
mmu_psize_defs[mmu_virtual_psize].shift,
mmu_psize_defs[mmu_io_psize].shift
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
,mmu_psize_defs[mmu_vmemmap_psize].shift
#endif
);
#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
/* Reserve 16G huge page memory sections for huge pages */
of_scan_flat_dt(htab_dt_scan_hugepage_blocks, NULL);
#endif /* CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */
}
static int __init htab_dt_scan_pftsize(unsigned long node,
const char *uname, int depth,
void *data)
{
char *type = of_get_flat_dt_prop(node, "device_type", NULL);
u32 *prop;
/* We are scanning "cpu" nodes only */
if (type == NULL || strcmp(type, "cpu") != 0)
return 0;
prop = (u32 *)of_get_flat_dt_prop(node, "ibm,pft-size", NULL);
if (prop != NULL) {
/* pft_size[0] is the NUMA CEC cookie */
ppc64_pft_size = prop[1];
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
static unsigned long __init htab_get_table_size(void)
{
unsigned long mem_size, rnd_mem_size, pteg_count, psize;
/* If hash size isn't already provided by the platform, we try to
* retrieve it from the device-tree. If it's not there neither, we
* calculate it now based on the total RAM size
*/
if (ppc64_pft_size == 0)
of_scan_flat_dt(htab_dt_scan_pftsize, NULL);
if (ppc64_pft_size)
return 1UL << ppc64_pft_size;
/* round mem_size up to next power of 2 */
mem_size = memblock_phys_mem_size();
rnd_mem_size = 1UL << __ilog2(mem_size);
if (rnd_mem_size < mem_size)
rnd_mem_size <<= 1;
/* # pages / 2 */
psize = mmu_psize_defs[mmu_virtual_psize].shift;
pteg_count = max(rnd_mem_size >> (psize + 1), 1UL << 11);
return pteg_count << 7;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
int create_section_mapping(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
return htab_bolt_mapping(start, end, __pa(start),
pgprot_val(PAGE_KERNEL), mmu_linear_psize,
mmu_kernel_ssize);
}
int remove_section_mapping(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
return htab_remove_mapping(start, end, mmu_linear_psize,
mmu_kernel_ssize);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */
#define FUNCTION_TEXT(A) ((*(unsigned long *)(A)))
static void __init htab_finish_init(void)
{
extern unsigned int *htab_call_hpte_insert1;
extern unsigned int *htab_call_hpte_insert2;
extern unsigned int *htab_call_hpte_remove;
extern unsigned int *htab_call_hpte_updatepp;
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_HAS_HASH_64K
extern unsigned int *ht64_call_hpte_insert1;
extern unsigned int *ht64_call_hpte_insert2;
extern unsigned int *ht64_call_hpte_remove;
extern unsigned int *ht64_call_hpte_updatepp;
patch_branch(ht64_call_hpte_insert1,
FUNCTION_TEXT(ppc_md.hpte_insert),
BRANCH_SET_LINK);
patch_branch(ht64_call_hpte_insert2,
FUNCTION_TEXT(ppc_md.hpte_insert),
BRANCH_SET_LINK);
patch_branch(ht64_call_hpte_remove,
FUNCTION_TEXT(ppc_md.hpte_remove),
BRANCH_SET_LINK);
patch_branch(ht64_call_hpte_updatepp,
FUNCTION_TEXT(ppc_md.hpte_updatepp),
BRANCH_SET_LINK);
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_HAS_HASH_64K */
patch_branch(htab_call_hpte_insert1,
FUNCTION_TEXT(ppc_md.hpte_insert),
BRANCH_SET_LINK);
patch_branch(htab_call_hpte_insert2,
FUNCTION_TEXT(ppc_md.hpte_insert),
BRANCH_SET_LINK);
patch_branch(htab_call_hpte_remove,
FUNCTION_TEXT(ppc_md.hpte_remove),
BRANCH_SET_LINK);
patch_branch(htab_call_hpte_updatepp,
FUNCTION_TEXT(ppc_md.hpte_updatepp),
BRANCH_SET_LINK);
}
static void __init htab_initialize(void)
{
unsigned long table;
unsigned long pteg_count;
unsigned long prot;
unsigned long base = 0, size = 0, limit;
struct memblock_region *reg;
DBG(" -> htab_initialize()\n");
/* Initialize segment sizes */
htab_init_seg_sizes();
/* Initialize page sizes */
htab_init_page_sizes();
if (mmu_has_feature(MMU_FTR_1T_SEGMENT)) {
mmu_kernel_ssize = MMU_SEGSIZE_1T;
mmu_highuser_ssize = MMU_SEGSIZE_1T;
printk(KERN_INFO "Using 1TB segments\n");
}
/*
* Calculate the required size of the htab. We want the number of
* PTEGs to equal one half the number of real pages.
*/
htab_size_bytes = htab_get_table_size();
pteg_count = htab_size_bytes >> 7;
htab_hash_mask = pteg_count - 1;
if (firmware_has_feature(FW_FEATURE_LPAR)) {
/* Using a hypervisor which owns the htab */
htab_address = NULL;
_SDR1 = 0;
} else {
/* Find storage for the HPT. Must be contiguous in
* the absolute address space. On cell we want it to be
* in the first 2 Gig so we can use it for IOMMU hacks.
*/
if (machine_is(cell))
limit = 0x80000000;
else
limit = MEMBLOCK_ALLOC_ANYWHERE;
table = memblock_alloc_base(htab_size_bytes, htab_size_bytes, limit);
DBG("Hash table allocated at %lx, size: %lx\n", table,
htab_size_bytes);
htab_address = abs_to_virt(table);
/* htab absolute addr + encoded htabsize */
_SDR1 = table + __ilog2(pteg_count) - 11;
/* Initialize the HPT with no entries */
memset((void *)table, 0, htab_size_bytes);
/* Set SDR1 */
mtspr(SPRN_SDR1, _SDR1);
}
prot = pgprot_val(PAGE_KERNEL);
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
linear_map_hash_count = memblock_end_of_DRAM() >> PAGE_SHIFT;
linear_map_hash_slots = __va(memblock_alloc_base(linear_map_hash_count,
1, ppc64_rma_size));
memset(linear_map_hash_slots, 0, linear_map_hash_count);
#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */
/* On U3 based machines, we need to reserve the DART area and
* _NOT_ map it to avoid cache paradoxes as it's remapped non
* cacheable later on
*/
/* create bolted the linear mapping in the hash table */
for_each_memblock(memory, reg) {
base = (unsigned long)__va(reg->base);
size = reg->size;
DBG("creating mapping for region: %lx..%lx (prot: %lx)\n",
base, size, prot);
#ifdef CONFIG_U3_DART
/* Do not map the DART space. Fortunately, it will be aligned
* in such a way that it will not cross two memblock regions and
* will fit within a single 16Mb page.
* The DART space is assumed to be a full 16Mb region even if
* we only use 2Mb of that space. We will use more of it later
* for AGP GART. We have to use a full 16Mb large page.
*/
DBG("DART base: %lx\n", dart_tablebase);
if (dart_tablebase != 0 && dart_tablebase >= base
&& dart_tablebase < (base + size)) {
unsigned long dart_table_end = dart_tablebase + 16 * MB;
if (base != dart_tablebase)
BUG_ON(htab_bolt_mapping(base, dart_tablebase,
__pa(base), prot,
mmu_linear_psize,
mmu_kernel_ssize));
if ((base + size) > dart_table_end)
BUG_ON(htab_bolt_mapping(dart_tablebase+16*MB,
base + size,
__pa(dart_table_end),
prot,
mmu_linear_psize,
mmu_kernel_ssize));
continue;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_U3_DART */
BUG_ON(htab_bolt_mapping(base, base + size, __pa(base),
prot, mmu_linear_psize, mmu_kernel_ssize));
}
memblock_set_current_limit(MEMBLOCK_ALLOC_ANYWHERE);
/*
* If we have a memory_limit and we've allocated TCEs then we need to
* explicitly map the TCE area at the top of RAM. We also cope with the
* case that the TCEs start below memory_limit.
* tce_alloc_start/end are 16MB aligned so the mapping should work
* for either 4K or 16MB pages.
*/
if (tce_alloc_start) {
tce_alloc_start = (unsigned long)__va(tce_alloc_start);
tce_alloc_end = (unsigned long)__va(tce_alloc_end);
if (base + size >= tce_alloc_start)
tce_alloc_start = base + size + 1;
BUG_ON(htab_bolt_mapping(tce_alloc_start, tce_alloc_end,
__pa(tce_alloc_start), prot,
mmu_linear_psize, mmu_kernel_ssize));
}
htab_finish_init();
DBG(" <- htab_initialize()\n");
}
#undef KB
#undef MB
void __init early_init_mmu(void)
{
/* Setup initial STAB address in the PACA */
get_paca()->stab_real = __pa((u64)&initial_stab);
get_paca()->stab_addr = (u64)&initial_stab;
/* Initialize the MMU Hash table and create the linear mapping
* of memory. Has to be done before stab/slb initialization as
* this is currently where the page size encoding is obtained
*/
htab_initialize();
/* Initialize stab / SLB management except on iSeries
*/
if (mmu_has_feature(MMU_FTR_SLB))
slb_initialize();
else if (!firmware_has_feature(FW_FEATURE_ISERIES))
stab_initialize(get_paca()->stab_real);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
void __cpuinit early_init_mmu_secondary(void)
{
/* Initialize hash table for that CPU */
if (!firmware_has_feature(FW_FEATURE_LPAR))
mtspr(SPRN_SDR1, _SDR1);
/* Initialize STAB/SLB. We use a virtual address as it works
* in real mode on pSeries and we want a virtual address on
* iSeries anyway
*/
if (mmu_has_feature(MMU_FTR_SLB))
slb_initialize();
else
stab_initialize(get_paca()->stab_addr);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
/*
* Called by asm hashtable.S for doing lazy icache flush
*/
unsigned int hash_page_do_lazy_icache(unsigned int pp, pte_t pte, int trap)
{
struct page *page;
if (!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)))
return pp;
page = pte_page(pte);
/* page is dirty */
if (!test_bit(PG_arch_1, &page->flags) && !PageReserved(page)) {
if (trap == 0x400) {
flush_dcache_icache_page(page);
set_bit(PG_arch_1, &page->flags);
} else
pp |= HPTE_R_N;
}
return pp;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_MM_SLICES
unsigned int get_paca_psize(unsigned long addr)
{
unsigned long index, slices;
if (addr < SLICE_LOW_TOP) {
slices = get_paca()->context.low_slices_psize;
index = GET_LOW_SLICE_INDEX(addr);
} else {
slices = get_paca()->context.high_slices_psize;
index = GET_HIGH_SLICE_INDEX(addr);
}
return (slices >> (index * 4)) & 0xF;
}
#else
unsigned int get_paca_psize(unsigned long addr)
{
return get_paca()->context.user_psize;
}
#endif
/*
* Demote a segment to using 4k pages.
* For now this makes the whole process use 4k pages.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES
void demote_segment_4k(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
{
if (get_slice_psize(mm, addr) == MMU_PAGE_4K)
return;
slice_set_range_psize(mm, addr, 1, MMU_PAGE_4K);
#ifdef CONFIG_SPU_BASE
spu_flush_all_slbs(mm);
#endif
if (get_paca_psize(addr) != MMU_PAGE_4K) {
get_paca()->context = mm->context;
slb_flush_and_rebolt();
}
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES */
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_SUBPAGE_PROT
/*
* This looks up a 2-bit protection code for a 4k subpage of a 64k page.
* Userspace sets the subpage permissions using the subpage_prot system call.
*
* Result is 0: full permissions, _PAGE_RW: read-only,
* _PAGE_USER or _PAGE_USER|_PAGE_RW: no access.
*/
static int subpage_protection(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ea)
{
struct subpage_prot_table *spt = &mm->context.spt;
u32 spp = 0;
u32 **sbpm, *sbpp;
if (ea >= spt->maxaddr)
return 0;
if (ea < 0x100000000) {
/* addresses below 4GB use spt->low_prot */
sbpm = spt->low_prot;
} else {
sbpm = spt->protptrs[ea >> SBP_L3_SHIFT];
if (!sbpm)
return 0;
}
sbpp = sbpm[(ea >> SBP_L2_SHIFT) & (SBP_L2_COUNT - 1)];
if (!sbpp)
return 0;
spp = sbpp[(ea >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (SBP_L1_COUNT - 1)];
/* extract 2-bit bitfield for this 4k subpage */
spp >>= 30 - 2 * ((ea >> 12) & 0xf);
/* turn 0,1,2,3 into combination of _PAGE_USER and _PAGE_RW */
spp = ((spp & 2) ? _PAGE_USER : 0) | ((spp & 1) ? _PAGE_RW : 0);
return spp;
}
#else /* CONFIG_PPC_SUBPAGE_PROT */
static inline int subpage_protection(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ea)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
void hash_failure_debug(unsigned long ea, unsigned long access,
unsigned long vsid, unsigned long trap,
int ssize, int psize, unsigned long pte)
{
if (!printk_ratelimit())
return;
pr_info("mm: Hashing failure ! EA=0x%lx access=0x%lx current=%s\n",
ea, access, current->comm);
pr_info(" trap=0x%lx vsid=0x%lx ssize=%d psize=%d pte=0x%lx\n",
trap, vsid, ssize, psize, pte);
}
/* Result code is:
* 0 - handled
* 1 - normal page fault
* -1 - critical hash insertion error
* -2 - access not permitted by subpage protection mechanism
*/
int hash_page(unsigned long ea, unsigned long access, unsigned long trap)
{
pgd_t *pgdir;
unsigned long vsid;
struct mm_struct *mm;
pte_t *ptep;
unsigned hugeshift;
const struct cpumask *tmp;
int rc, user_region = 0, local = 0;
int psize, ssize;
DBG_LOW("hash_page(ea=%016lx, access=%lx, trap=%lx\n",
ea, access, trap);
if ((ea & ~REGION_MASK) >= PGTABLE_RANGE) {
DBG_LOW(" out of pgtable range !\n");
return 1;
}
/* Get region & vsid */
switch (REGION_ID(ea)) {
case USER_REGION_ID:
user_region = 1;
mm = current->mm;
if (! mm) {
DBG_LOW(" user region with no mm !\n");
return 1;
}
psize = get_slice_psize(mm, ea);
ssize = user_segment_size(ea);
vsid = get_vsid(mm->context.id, ea, ssize);
break;
case VMALLOC_REGION_ID:
mm = &init_mm;
vsid = get_kernel_vsid(ea, mmu_kernel_ssize);
if (ea < VMALLOC_END)
psize = mmu_vmalloc_psize;
else
psize = mmu_io_psize;
ssize = mmu_kernel_ssize;
break;
default:
/* Not a valid range
* Send the problem up to do_page_fault
*/
return 1;
}
DBG_LOW(" mm=%p, mm->pgdir=%p, vsid=%016lx\n", mm, mm->pgd, vsid);
/* Get pgdir */
pgdir = mm->pgd;
if (pgdir == NULL)
return 1;
/* Check CPU locality */
tmp = cpumask_of(smp_processor_id());
if (user_region && cpumask_equal(mm_cpumask(mm), tmp))
local = 1;
#ifndef CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES
/* If we use 4K pages and our psize is not 4K, then we might
* be hitting a special driver mapping, and need to align the
* address before we fetch the PTE.
*
* It could also be a hugepage mapping, in which case this is
* not necessary, but it's not harmful, either.
*/
if (psize != MMU_PAGE_4K)
ea &= ~((1ul << mmu_psize_defs[psize].shift) - 1);
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES */
/* Get PTE and page size from page tables */
ptep = find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgdir, ea, &hugeshift);
if (ptep == NULL || !pte_present(*ptep)) {
DBG_LOW(" no PTE !\n");
return 1;
}
/* Add _PAGE_PRESENT to the required access perm */
access |= _PAGE_PRESENT;
/* Pre-check access permissions (will be re-checked atomically
* in __hash_page_XX but this pre-check is a fast path
*/
if (access & ~pte_val(*ptep)) {
DBG_LOW(" no access !\n");
return 1;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
if (hugeshift)
return __hash_page_huge(ea, access, vsid, ptep, trap, local,
ssize, hugeshift, psize);
#endif /* CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */
#ifndef CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES
DBG_LOW(" i-pte: %016lx\n", pte_val(*ptep));
#else
DBG_LOW(" i-pte: %016lx %016lx\n", pte_val(*ptep),
pte_val(*(ptep + PTRS_PER_PTE)));
#endif
/* Do actual hashing */
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES
/* If _PAGE_4K_PFN is set, make sure this is a 4k segment */
if ((pte_val(*ptep) & _PAGE_4K_PFN) && psize == MMU_PAGE_64K) {
demote_segment_4k(mm, ea);
psize = MMU_PAGE_4K;
}
/* If this PTE is non-cacheable and we have restrictions on
* using non cacheable large pages, then we switch to 4k
*/
if (mmu_ci_restrictions && psize == MMU_PAGE_64K &&
(pte_val(*ptep) & _PAGE_NO_CACHE)) {
if (user_region) {
demote_segment_4k(mm, ea);
psize = MMU_PAGE_4K;
} else if (ea < VMALLOC_END) {
/*
* some driver did a non-cacheable mapping
* in vmalloc space, so switch vmalloc
* to 4k pages
*/
printk(KERN_ALERT "Reducing vmalloc segment "
"to 4kB pages because of "
"non-cacheable mapping\n");
psize = mmu_vmalloc_psize = MMU_PAGE_4K;
#ifdef CONFIG_SPU_BASE
spu_flush_all_slbs(mm);
#endif
}
}
if (user_region) {
if (psize != get_paca_psize(ea)) {
get_paca()->context = mm->context;
slb_flush_and_rebolt();
}
} else if (get_paca()->vmalloc_sllp !=
mmu_psize_defs[mmu_vmalloc_psize].sllp) {
get_paca()->vmalloc_sllp =
mmu_psize_defs[mmu_vmalloc_psize].sllp;
slb_vmalloc_update();
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES */
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_HAS_HASH_64K
if (psize == MMU_PAGE_64K)
rc = __hash_page_64K(ea, access, vsid, ptep, trap, local, ssize);
else
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_HAS_HASH_64K */
{
int spp = subpage_protection(mm, ea);
if (access & spp)
rc = -2;
else
rc = __hash_page_4K(ea, access, vsid, ptep, trap,
local, ssize, spp);
}
/* Dump some info in case of hash insertion failure, they should
* never happen so it is really useful to know if/when they do
*/
if (rc == -1)
hash_failure_debug(ea, access, vsid, trap, ssize, psize,
pte_val(*ptep));
#ifndef CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES
DBG_LOW(" o-pte: %016lx\n", pte_val(*ptep));
#else
DBG_LOW(" o-pte: %016lx %016lx\n", pte_val(*ptep),
pte_val(*(ptep + PTRS_PER_PTE)));
#endif
DBG_LOW(" -> rc=%d\n", rc);
return rc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hash_page);
void hash_preload(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ea,
unsigned long access, unsigned long trap)
{
unsigned long vsid;
pgd_t *pgdir;
pte_t *ptep;
unsigned long flags;
int rc, ssize, local = 0;
BUG_ON(REGION_ID(ea) != USER_REGION_ID);
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_MM_SLICES
/* We only prefault standard pages for now */
if (unlikely(get_slice_psize(mm, ea) != mm->context.user_psize))
return;
#endif
DBG_LOW("hash_preload(mm=%p, mm->pgdir=%p, ea=%016lx, access=%lx,"
" trap=%lx\n", mm, mm->pgd, ea, access, trap);
/* Get Linux PTE if available */
pgdir = mm->pgd;
if (pgdir == NULL)
return;
ptep = find_linux_pte(pgdir, ea);
if (!ptep)
return;
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES
/* If either _PAGE_4K_PFN or _PAGE_NO_CACHE is set (and we are on
* a 64K kernel), then we don't preload, hash_page() will take
* care of it once we actually try to access the page.
* That way we don't have to duplicate all of the logic for segment
* page size demotion here
*/
if (pte_val(*ptep) & (_PAGE_4K_PFN | _PAGE_NO_CACHE))
return;
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES */
/* Get VSID */
ssize = user_segment_size(ea);
vsid = get_vsid(mm->context.id, ea, ssize);
/* Hash doesn't like irqs */
local_irq_save(flags);
/* Is that local to this CPU ? */
if (cpumask_equal(mm_cpumask(mm), cpumask_of(smp_processor_id())))
local = 1;
/* Hash it in */
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_HAS_HASH_64K
if (mm->context.user_psize == MMU_PAGE_64K)
rc = __hash_page_64K(ea, access, vsid, ptep, trap, local, ssize);
else
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_HAS_HASH_64K */
rc = __hash_page_4K(ea, access, vsid, ptep, trap, local, ssize,
subpage_protection(mm, ea));
/* Dump some info in case of hash insertion failure, they should
* never happen so it is really useful to know if/when they do
*/
if (rc == -1)
hash_failure_debug(ea, access, vsid, trap, ssize,
mm->context.user_psize, pte_val(*ptep));
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
/* WARNING: This is called from hash_low_64.S, if you change this prototype,
* do not forget to update the assembly call site !
*/
void flush_hash_page(unsigned long va, real_pte_t pte, int psize, int ssize,
int local)
{
unsigned long hash, index, shift, hidx, slot;
DBG_LOW("flush_hash_page(va=%016lx)\n", va);
pte_iterate_hashed_subpages(pte, psize, va, index, shift) {
hash = hpt_hash(va, shift, ssize);
hidx = __rpte_to_hidx(pte, index);
if (hidx & _PTEIDX_SECONDARY)
hash = ~hash;
slot = (hash & htab_hash_mask) * HPTES_PER_GROUP;
slot += hidx & _PTEIDX_GROUP_IX;
DBG_LOW(" sub %ld: hash=%lx, hidx=%lx\n", index, slot, hidx);
ppc_md.hpte_invalidate(slot, va, psize, ssize, local);
} pte_iterate_hashed_end();
}
void flush_hash_range(unsigned long number, int local)
{
if (ppc_md.flush_hash_range)
ppc_md.flush_hash_range(number, local);
else {
int i;
struct ppc64_tlb_batch *batch =
&__get_cpu_var(ppc64_tlb_batch);
for (i = 0; i < number; i++)
flush_hash_page(batch->vaddr[i], batch->pte[i],
batch->psize, batch->ssize, local);
}
}
/*
* low_hash_fault is called when we the low level hash code failed
* to instert a PTE due to an hypervisor error
*/
void low_hash_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, int rc)
{
if (user_mode(regs)) {
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_SUBPAGE_PROT
if (rc == -2)
_exception(SIGSEGV, regs, SEGV_ACCERR, address);
else
#endif
_exception(SIGBUS, regs, BUS_ADRERR, address);
} else
bad_page_fault(regs, address, SIGBUS);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
static void kernel_map_linear_page(unsigned long vaddr, unsigned long lmi)
{
unsigned long hash, hpteg;
unsigned long vsid = get_kernel_vsid(vaddr, mmu_kernel_ssize);
unsigned long va = hpt_va(vaddr, vsid, mmu_kernel_ssize);
unsigned long mode = htab_convert_pte_flags(PAGE_KERNEL);
int ret;
hash = hpt_hash(va, PAGE_SHIFT, mmu_kernel_ssize);
hpteg = ((hash & htab_hash_mask) * HPTES_PER_GROUP);
ret = ppc_md.hpte_insert(hpteg, va, __pa(vaddr),
mode, HPTE_V_BOLTED,
mmu_linear_psize, mmu_kernel_ssize);
BUG_ON (ret < 0);
spin_lock(&linear_map_hash_lock);
BUG_ON(linear_map_hash_slots[lmi] & 0x80);
linear_map_hash_slots[lmi] = ret | 0x80;
spin_unlock(&linear_map_hash_lock);
}
static void kernel_unmap_linear_page(unsigned long vaddr, unsigned long lmi)
{
unsigned long hash, hidx, slot;
unsigned long vsid = get_kernel_vsid(vaddr, mmu_kernel_ssize);
unsigned long va = hpt_va(vaddr, vsid, mmu_kernel_ssize);
hash = hpt_hash(va, PAGE_SHIFT, mmu_kernel_ssize);
spin_lock(&linear_map_hash_lock);
BUG_ON(!(linear_map_hash_slots[lmi] & 0x80));
hidx = linear_map_hash_slots[lmi] & 0x7f;
linear_map_hash_slots[lmi] = 0;
spin_unlock(&linear_map_hash_lock);
if (hidx & _PTEIDX_SECONDARY)
hash = ~hash;
slot = (hash & htab_hash_mask) * HPTES_PER_GROUP;
slot += hidx & _PTEIDX_GROUP_IX;
ppc_md.hpte_invalidate(slot, va, mmu_linear_psize, mmu_kernel_ssize, 0);
}
void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable)
{
unsigned long flags, vaddr, lmi;
int i;
local_irq_save(flags);
for (i = 0; i < numpages; i++, page++) {
vaddr = (unsigned long)page_address(page);
lmi = __pa(vaddr) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
if (lmi >= linear_map_hash_count)
continue;
if (enable)
kernel_map_linear_page(vaddr, lmi);
else
kernel_unmap_linear_page(vaddr, lmi);
}
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */
void setup_initial_memory_limit(phys_addr_t first_memblock_base,
phys_addr_t first_memblock_size)
{
/* We don't currently support the first MEMBLOCK not mapping 0
* physical on those processors
*/
BUG_ON(first_memblock_base != 0);
/* On LPAR systems, the first entry is our RMA region,
* non-LPAR 64-bit hash MMU systems don't have a limitation
* on real mode access, but using the first entry works well
* enough. We also clamp it to 1G to avoid some funky things
* such as RTAS bugs etc...
*/
ppc64_rma_size = min_t(u64, first_memblock_size, 0x40000000);
/* Finally limit subsequent allocations */
memblock_set_current_limit(ppc64_rma_size);
}