blob: 27096dc2c28a60be14080a30feafa6358f535a69 [file] [log] [blame]
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include "internal.h"
static struct page *no_page_table(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned int flags)
{
/*
* When core dumping an enormous anonymous area that nobody
* has touched so far, we don't want to allocate unnecessary pages or
* page tables. Return error instead of NULL to skip handle_mm_fault,
* then get_dump_page() will return NULL to leave a hole in the dump.
* But we can only make this optimization where a hole would surely
* be zero-filled if handle_mm_fault() actually did handle it.
*/
if ((flags & FOLL_DUMP) && (!vma->vm_ops || !vma->vm_ops->fault))
return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
return NULL;
}
static struct page *follow_page_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned int flags)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
struct page *page;
spinlock_t *ptl;
pte_t *ptep, pte;
retry:
if (unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd)))
return no_page_table(vma, flags);
ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, &ptl);
pte = *ptep;
if (!pte_present(pte)) {
swp_entry_t entry;
/*
* KSM's break_ksm() relies upon recognizing a ksm page
* even while it is being migrated, so for that case we
* need migration_entry_wait().
*/
if (likely(!(flags & FOLL_MIGRATION)))
goto no_page;
if (pte_none(pte))
goto no_page;
entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte);
if (!is_migration_entry(entry))
goto no_page;
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
migration_entry_wait(mm, pmd, address);
goto retry;
}
if ((flags & FOLL_NUMA) && pte_numa(pte))
goto no_page;
if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) {
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
return NULL;
}
page = vm_normal_page(vma, address, pte);
if (unlikely(!page)) {
if ((flags & FOLL_DUMP) ||
!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(pte)))
goto bad_page;
page = pte_page(pte);
}
if (flags & FOLL_GET)
get_page_foll(page);
if (flags & FOLL_TOUCH) {
if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) &&
!pte_dirty(pte) && !PageDirty(page))
set_page_dirty(page);
/*
* pte_mkyoung() would be more correct here, but atomic care
* is needed to avoid losing the dirty bit: it is easier to use
* mark_page_accessed().
*/
mark_page_accessed(page);
}
if ((flags & FOLL_MLOCK) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
/*
* The preliminary mapping check is mainly to avoid the
* pointless overhead of lock_page on the ZERO_PAGE
* which might bounce very badly if there is contention.
*
* If the page is already locked, we don't need to
* handle it now - vmscan will handle it later if and
* when it attempts to reclaim the page.
*/
if (page->mapping && trylock_page(page)) {
lru_add_drain(); /* push cached pages to LRU */
/*
* Because we lock page here, and migration is
* blocked by the pte's page reference, and we
* know the page is still mapped, we don't even
* need to check for file-cache page truncation.
*/
mlock_vma_page(page);
unlock_page(page);
}
}
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
return page;
bad_page:
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
no_page:
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
if (!pte_none(pte))
return NULL;
return no_page_table(vma, flags);
}
/**
* follow_page_mask - look up a page descriptor from a user-virtual address
* @vma: vm_area_struct mapping @address
* @address: virtual address to look up
* @flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour
* @page_mask: on output, *page_mask is set according to the size of the page
*
* @flags can have FOLL_ flags set, defined in <linux/mm.h>
*
* Returns the mapped (struct page *), %NULL if no mapping exists, or
* an error pointer if there is a mapping to something not represented
* by a page descriptor (see also vm_normal_page()).
*/
struct page *follow_page_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, unsigned int flags,
unsigned int *page_mask)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;
spinlock_t *ptl;
struct page *page;
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
*page_mask = 0;
page = follow_huge_addr(mm, address, flags & FOLL_WRITE);
if (!IS_ERR(page)) {
BUG_ON(flags & FOLL_GET);
return page;
}
pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd)))
return no_page_table(vma, flags);
pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
if (pud_none(*pud))
return no_page_table(vma, flags);
if (pud_huge(*pud) && vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGETLB) {
if (flags & FOLL_GET)
return NULL;
page = follow_huge_pud(mm, address, pud, flags & FOLL_WRITE);
return page;
}
if (unlikely(pud_bad(*pud)))
return no_page_table(vma, flags);
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
if (pmd_none(*pmd))
return no_page_table(vma, flags);
if (pmd_huge(*pmd) && vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGETLB) {
page = follow_huge_pmd(mm, address, pmd, flags & FOLL_WRITE);
if (flags & FOLL_GET) {
/*
* Refcount on tail pages are not well-defined and
* shouldn't be taken. The caller should handle a NULL
* return when trying to follow tail pages.
*/
if (PageHead(page))
get_page(page);
else
page = NULL;
}
return page;
}
if ((flags & FOLL_NUMA) && pmd_numa(*pmd))
return no_page_table(vma, flags);
if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) {
if (flags & FOLL_SPLIT) {
split_huge_page_pmd(vma, address, pmd);
return follow_page_pte(vma, address, pmd, flags);
}
ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd);
if (likely(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd))) {
if (unlikely(pmd_trans_splitting(*pmd))) {
spin_unlock(ptl);
wait_split_huge_page(vma->anon_vma, pmd);
} else {
page = follow_trans_huge_pmd(vma, address,
pmd, flags);
spin_unlock(ptl);
*page_mask = HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1;
return page;
}
} else
spin_unlock(ptl);
}
return follow_page_pte(vma, address, pmd, flags);
}
static int get_gate_page(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address,
unsigned int gup_flags, struct vm_area_struct **vma,
struct page **page)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;
pte_t *pte;
int ret = -EFAULT;
/* user gate pages are read-only */
if (gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE)
return -EFAULT;
if (address > TASK_SIZE)
pgd = pgd_offset_k(address);
else
pgd = pgd_offset_gate(mm, address);
BUG_ON(pgd_none(*pgd));
pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
BUG_ON(pud_none(*pud));
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
if (pmd_none(*pmd))
return -EFAULT;
VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd));
pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address);
if (pte_none(*pte))
goto unmap;
*vma = get_gate_vma(mm);
if (!page)
goto out;
*page = vm_normal_page(*vma, address, *pte);
if (!*page) {
if ((gup_flags & FOLL_DUMP) || !is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte)))
goto unmap;
*page = pte_page(*pte);
}
get_page(*page);
out:
ret = 0;
unmap:
pte_unmap(pte);
return ret;
}
/*
* mmap_sem must be held on entry. If @nonblocking != NULL and
* *@flags does not include FOLL_NOWAIT, the mmap_sem may be released.
* If it is, *@nonblocking will be set to 0 and -EBUSY returned.
*/
static int faultin_page(struct task_struct *tsk, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, unsigned int *flags, int *nonblocking)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
unsigned int fault_flags = 0;
int ret;
/* For mlock, just skip the stack guard page. */
if ((*flags & FOLL_MLOCK) &&
(stack_guard_page_start(vma, address) ||
stack_guard_page_end(vma, address + PAGE_SIZE)))
return -ENOENT;
if (*flags & FOLL_WRITE)
fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_WRITE;
if (nonblocking)
fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
if (*flags & FOLL_NOWAIT)
fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT;
if (*flags & FOLL_TRIED) {
VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(fault_flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY);
fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
}
ret = handle_mm_fault(mm, vma, address, fault_flags);
if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) {
if (ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)
return -ENOMEM;
if (ret & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE))
return *flags & FOLL_HWPOISON ? -EHWPOISON : -EFAULT;
if (ret & VM_FAULT_SIGBUS)
return -EFAULT;
BUG();
}
if (tsk) {
if (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR)
tsk->maj_flt++;
else
tsk->min_flt++;
}
if (ret & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
if (nonblocking)
*nonblocking = 0;
return -EBUSY;
}
/*
* The VM_FAULT_WRITE bit tells us that do_wp_page has broken COW when
* necessary, even if maybe_mkwrite decided not to set pte_write. We
* can thus safely do subsequent page lookups as if they were reads.
* But only do so when looping for pte_write is futile: in some cases
* userspace may also be wanting to write to the gotten user page,
* which a read fault here might prevent (a readonly page might get
* reCOWed by userspace write).
*/
if ((ret & VM_FAULT_WRITE) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
*flags &= ~FOLL_WRITE;
return 0;
}
static int check_vma_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long gup_flags)
{
vm_flags_t vm_flags = vma->vm_flags;
if (vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))
return -EFAULT;
if (gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE) {
if (!(vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) {
if (!(gup_flags & FOLL_FORCE))
return -EFAULT;
/*
* We used to let the write,force case do COW in a
* VM_MAYWRITE VM_SHARED !VM_WRITE vma, so ptrace could
* set a breakpoint in a read-only mapping of an
* executable, without corrupting the file (yet only
* when that file had been opened for writing!).
* Anon pages in shared mappings are surprising: now
* just reject it.
*/
if (!is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) {
WARN_ON_ONCE(vm_flags & VM_MAYWRITE);
return -EFAULT;
}
}
} else if (!(vm_flags & VM_READ)) {
if (!(gup_flags & FOLL_FORCE))
return -EFAULT;
/*
* Is there actually any vma we can reach here which does not
* have VM_MAYREAD set?
*/
if (!(vm_flags & VM_MAYREAD))
return -EFAULT;
}
return 0;
}
/**
* __get_user_pages() - pin user pages in memory
* @tsk: task_struct of target task
* @mm: mm_struct of target mm
* @start: starting user address
* @nr_pages: number of pages from start to pin
* @gup_flags: flags modifying pin behaviour
* @pages: array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
* Should be at least nr_pages long. Or NULL, if caller
* only intends to ensure the pages are faulted in.
* @vmas: array of pointers to vmas corresponding to each page.
* Or NULL if the caller does not require them.
* @nonblocking: whether waiting for disk IO or mmap_sem contention
*
* Returns number of pages pinned. This may be fewer than the number
* requested. If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages
* were pinned, returns -errno. Each page returned must be released
* with a put_page() call when it is finished with. vmas will only
* remain valid while mmap_sem is held.
*
* Must be called with mmap_sem held. It may be released. See below.
*
* __get_user_pages walks a process's page tables and takes a reference to
* each struct page that each user address corresponds to at a given
* instant. That is, it takes the page that would be accessed if a user
* thread accesses the given user virtual address at that instant.
*
* This does not guarantee that the page exists in the user mappings when
* __get_user_pages returns, and there may even be a completely different
* page there in some cases (eg. if mmapped pagecache has been invalidated
* and subsequently re faulted). However it does guarantee that the page
* won't be freed completely. And mostly callers simply care that the page
* contains data that was valid *at some point in time*. Typically, an IO
* or similar operation cannot guarantee anything stronger anyway because
* locks can't be held over the syscall boundary.
*
* If @gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE == 0, the page must not be written to. If
* the page is written to, set_page_dirty (or set_page_dirty_lock, as
* appropriate) must be called after the page is finished with, and
* before put_page is called.
*
* If @nonblocking != NULL, __get_user_pages will not wait for disk IO
* or mmap_sem contention, and if waiting is needed to pin all pages,
* *@nonblocking will be set to 0. Further, if @gup_flags does not
* include FOLL_NOWAIT, the mmap_sem will be released via up_read() in
* this case.
*
* A caller using such a combination of @nonblocking and @gup_flags
* must therefore hold the mmap_sem for reading only, and recognize
* when it's been released. Otherwise, it must be held for either
* reading or writing and will not be released.
*
* In most cases, get_user_pages or get_user_pages_fast should be used
* instead of __get_user_pages. __get_user_pages should be used only if
* you need some special @gup_flags.
*/
long __get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *nonblocking)
{
long i = 0;
unsigned int page_mask;
struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL;
if (!nr_pages)
return 0;
VM_BUG_ON(!!pages != !!(gup_flags & FOLL_GET));
/*
* If FOLL_FORCE is set then do not force a full fault as the hinting
* fault information is unrelated to the reference behaviour of a task
* using the address space
*/
if (!(gup_flags & FOLL_FORCE))
gup_flags |= FOLL_NUMA;
do {
struct page *page;
unsigned int foll_flags = gup_flags;
unsigned int page_increm;
/* first iteration or cross vma bound */
if (!vma || start >= vma->vm_end) {
vma = find_extend_vma(mm, start);
if (!vma && in_gate_area(mm, start)) {
int ret;
ret = get_gate_page(mm, start & PAGE_MASK,
gup_flags, &vma,
pages ? &pages[i] : NULL);
if (ret)
return i ? : ret;
page_mask = 0;
goto next_page;
}
if (!vma || check_vma_flags(vma, gup_flags))
return i ? : -EFAULT;
if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) {
i = follow_hugetlb_page(mm, vma, pages, vmas,
&start, &nr_pages, i,
gup_flags);
continue;
}
}
retry:
/*
* If we have a pending SIGKILL, don't keep faulting pages and
* potentially allocating memory.
*/
if (unlikely(fatal_signal_pending(current)))
return i ? i : -ERESTARTSYS;
cond_resched();
page = follow_page_mask(vma, start, foll_flags, &page_mask);
if (!page) {
int ret;
ret = faultin_page(tsk, vma, start, &foll_flags,
nonblocking);
switch (ret) {
case 0:
goto retry;
case -EFAULT:
case -ENOMEM:
case -EHWPOISON:
return i ? i : ret;
case -EBUSY:
return i;
case -ENOENT:
goto next_page;
}
BUG();
}
if (IS_ERR(page))
return i ? i : PTR_ERR(page);
if (pages) {
pages[i] = page;
flush_anon_page(vma, page, start);
flush_dcache_page(page);
page_mask = 0;
}
next_page:
if (vmas) {
vmas[i] = vma;
page_mask = 0;
}
page_increm = 1 + (~(start >> PAGE_SHIFT) & page_mask);
if (page_increm > nr_pages)
page_increm = nr_pages;
i += page_increm;
start += page_increm * PAGE_SIZE;
nr_pages -= page_increm;
} while (nr_pages);
return i;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__get_user_pages);
/*
* fixup_user_fault() - manually resolve a user page fault
* @tsk: the task_struct to use for page fault accounting, or
* NULL if faults are not to be recorded.
* @mm: mm_struct of target mm
* @address: user address
* @fault_flags:flags to pass down to handle_mm_fault()
*
* This is meant to be called in the specific scenario where for locking reasons
* we try to access user memory in atomic context (within a pagefault_disable()
* section), this returns -EFAULT, and we want to resolve the user fault before
* trying again.
*
* Typically this is meant to be used by the futex code.
*
* The main difference with get_user_pages() is that this function will
* unconditionally call handle_mm_fault() which will in turn perform all the
* necessary SW fixup of the dirty and young bits in the PTE, while
* handle_mm_fault() only guarantees to update these in the struct page.
*
* This is important for some architectures where those bits also gate the
* access permission to the page because they are maintained in software. On
* such architectures, gup() will not be enough to make a subsequent access
* succeed.
*
* This has the same semantics wrt the @mm->mmap_sem as does filemap_fault().
*/
int fixup_user_fault(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
vm_flags_t vm_flags;
int ret;
vma = find_extend_vma(mm, address);
if (!vma || address < vma->vm_start)
return -EFAULT;
vm_flags = (fault_flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) ? VM_WRITE : VM_READ;
if (!(vm_flags & vma->vm_flags))
return -EFAULT;
ret = handle_mm_fault(mm, vma, address, fault_flags);
if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) {
if (ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)
return -ENOMEM;
if (ret & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE))
return -EHWPOISON;
if (ret & VM_FAULT_SIGBUS)
return -EFAULT;
BUG();
}
if (tsk) {
if (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR)
tsk->maj_flt++;
else
tsk->min_flt++;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* get_user_pages() - pin user pages in memory
* @tsk: the task_struct to use for page fault accounting, or
* NULL if faults are not to be recorded.
* @mm: mm_struct of target mm
* @start: starting user address
* @nr_pages: number of pages from start to pin
* @write: whether pages will be written to by the caller
* @force: whether to force access even when user mapping is currently
* protected (but never forces write access to shared mapping).
* @pages: array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
* Should be at least nr_pages long. Or NULL, if caller
* only intends to ensure the pages are faulted in.
* @vmas: array of pointers to vmas corresponding to each page.
* Or NULL if the caller does not require them.
*
* Returns number of pages pinned. This may be fewer than the number
* requested. If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages
* were pinned, returns -errno. Each page returned must be released
* with a put_page() call when it is finished with. vmas will only
* remain valid while mmap_sem is held.
*
* Must be called with mmap_sem held for read or write.
*
* get_user_pages walks a process's page tables and takes a reference to
* each struct page that each user address corresponds to at a given
* instant. That is, it takes the page that would be accessed if a user
* thread accesses the given user virtual address at that instant.
*
* This does not guarantee that the page exists in the user mappings when
* get_user_pages returns, and there may even be a completely different
* page there in some cases (eg. if mmapped pagecache has been invalidated
* and subsequently re faulted). However it does guarantee that the page
* won't be freed completely. And mostly callers simply care that the page
* contains data that was valid *at some point in time*. Typically, an IO
* or similar operation cannot guarantee anything stronger anyway because
* locks can't be held over the syscall boundary.
*
* If write=0, the page must not be written to. If the page is written to,
* set_page_dirty (or set_page_dirty_lock, as appropriate) must be called
* after the page is finished with, and before put_page is called.
*
* get_user_pages is typically used for fewer-copy IO operations, to get a
* handle on the memory by some means other than accesses via the user virtual
* addresses. The pages may be submitted for DMA to devices or accessed via
* their kernel linear mapping (via the kmap APIs). Care should be taken to
* use the correct cache flushing APIs.
*
* See also get_user_pages_fast, for performance critical applications.
*/
long get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, int write,
int force, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas)
{
int flags = FOLL_TOUCH;
if (pages)
flags |= FOLL_GET;
if (write)
flags |= FOLL_WRITE;
if (force)
flags |= FOLL_FORCE;
return __get_user_pages(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, flags, pages, vmas,
NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages);
/**
* get_dump_page() - pin user page in memory while writing it to core dump
* @addr: user address
*
* Returns struct page pointer of user page pinned for dump,
* to be freed afterwards by page_cache_release() or put_page().
*
* Returns NULL on any kind of failure - a hole must then be inserted into
* the corefile, to preserve alignment with its headers; and also returns
* NULL wherever the ZERO_PAGE, or an anonymous pte_none, has been found -
* allowing a hole to be left in the corefile to save diskspace.
*
* Called without mmap_sem, but after all other threads have been killed.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_ELF_CORE
struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
struct page *page;
if (__get_user_pages(current, current->mm, addr, 1,
FOLL_FORCE | FOLL_DUMP | FOLL_GET, &page, &vma,
NULL) < 1)
return NULL;
flush_cache_page(vma, addr, page_to_pfn(page));
return page;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_ELF_CORE */
/*
* Generic RCU Fast GUP
*
* get_user_pages_fast attempts to pin user pages by walking the page
* tables directly and avoids taking locks. Thus the walker needs to be
* protected from page table pages being freed from under it, and should
* block any THP splits.
*
* One way to achieve this is to have the walker disable interrupts, and
* rely on IPIs from the TLB flushing code blocking before the page table
* pages are freed. This is unsuitable for architectures that do not need
* to broadcast an IPI when invalidating TLBs.
*
* Another way to achieve this is to batch up page table containing pages
* belonging to more than one mm_user, then rcu_sched a callback to free those
* pages. Disabling interrupts will allow the fast_gup walker to both block
* the rcu_sched callback, and an IPI that we broadcast for splitting THPs
* (which is a relatively rare event). The code below adopts this strategy.
*
* Before activating this code, please be aware that the following assumptions
* are currently made:
*
* *) HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE is enabled, and tlb_remove_table is used to free
* pages containing page tables.
*
* *) THP splits will broadcast an IPI, this can be achieved by overriding
* pmdp_splitting_flush.
*
* *) ptes can be read atomically by the architecture.
*
* *) access_ok is sufficient to validate userspace address ranges.
*
* The last two assumptions can be relaxed by the addition of helper functions.
*
* This code is based heavily on the PowerPC implementation by Nick Piggin.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_GENERIC_RCU_GUP
#ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL
static int gup_pte_range(pmd_t pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
{
pte_t *ptep, *ptem;
int ret = 0;
ptem = ptep = pte_offset_map(&pmd, addr);
do {
/*
* In the line below we are assuming that the pte can be read
* atomically. If this is not the case for your architecture,
* please wrap this in a helper function!
*
* for an example see gup_get_pte in arch/x86/mm/gup.c
*/
pte_t pte = ACCESS_ONCE(*ptep);
struct page *page;
/*
* Similar to the PMD case below, NUMA hinting must take slow
* path
*/
if (!pte_present(pte) || pte_special(pte) ||
pte_numa(pte) || (write && !pte_write(pte)))
goto pte_unmap;
VM_BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));
page = pte_page(pte);
if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page))
goto pte_unmap;
if (unlikely(pte_val(pte) != pte_val(*ptep))) {
put_page(page);
goto pte_unmap;
}
pages[*nr] = page;
(*nr)++;
} while (ptep++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
ret = 1;
pte_unmap:
pte_unmap(ptem);
return ret;
}
#else
/*
* If we can't determine whether or not a pte is special, then fail immediately
* for ptes. Note, we can still pin HugeTLB and THP as these are guaranteed not
* to be special.
*
* For a futex to be placed on a THP tail page, get_futex_key requires a
* __get_user_pages_fast implementation that can pin pages. Thus it's still
* useful to have gup_huge_pmd even if we can't operate on ptes.
*/
static int gup_pte_range(pmd_t pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
{
return 0;
}
#endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL */
static int gup_huge_pmd(pmd_t orig, pmd_t *pmdp, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end, int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
{
struct page *head, *page, *tail;
int refs;
if (write && !pmd_write(orig))
return 0;
refs = 0;
head = pmd_page(orig);
page = head + ((addr & ~PMD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
tail = page;
do {
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_head(page) != head, page);
pages[*nr] = page;
(*nr)++;
page++;
refs++;
} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
if (!page_cache_add_speculative(head, refs)) {
*nr -= refs;
return 0;
}
if (unlikely(pmd_val(orig) != pmd_val(*pmdp))) {
*nr -= refs;
while (refs--)
put_page(head);
return 0;
}
/*
* Any tail pages need their mapcount reference taken before we
* return. (This allows the THP code to bump their ref count when
* they are split into base pages).
*/
while (refs--) {
if (PageTail(tail))
get_huge_page_tail(tail);
tail++;
}
return 1;
}
static int gup_huge_pud(pud_t orig, pud_t *pudp, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end, int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
{
struct page *head, *page, *tail;
int refs;
if (write && !pud_write(orig))
return 0;
refs = 0;
head = pud_page(orig);
page = head + ((addr & ~PUD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
tail = page;
do {
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_head(page) != head, page);
pages[*nr] = page;
(*nr)++;
page++;
refs++;
} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
if (!page_cache_add_speculative(head, refs)) {
*nr -= refs;
return 0;
}
if (unlikely(pud_val(orig) != pud_val(*pudp))) {
*nr -= refs;
while (refs--)
put_page(head);
return 0;
}
while (refs--) {
if (PageTail(tail))
get_huge_page_tail(tail);
tail++;
}
return 1;
}
static int gup_huge_pgd(pgd_t orig, pgd_t *pgdp, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end, int write,
struct page **pages, int *nr)
{
int refs;
struct page *head, *page, *tail;
if (write && !pgd_write(orig))
return 0;
refs = 0;
head = pgd_page(orig);
page = head + ((addr & ~PGDIR_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
tail = page;
do {
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_head(page) != head, page);
pages[*nr] = page;
(*nr)++;
page++;
refs++;
} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
if (!page_cache_add_speculative(head, refs)) {
*nr -= refs;
return 0;
}
if (unlikely(pgd_val(orig) != pgd_val(*pgdp))) {
*nr -= refs;
while (refs--)
put_page(head);
return 0;
}
while (refs--) {
if (PageTail(tail))
get_huge_page_tail(tail);
tail++;
}
return 1;
}
static int gup_pmd_range(pud_t pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
{
unsigned long next;
pmd_t *pmdp;
pmdp = pmd_offset(&pud, addr);
do {
pmd_t pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pmd_none(pmd) || pmd_trans_splitting(pmd))
return 0;
if (unlikely(pmd_trans_huge(pmd) || pmd_huge(pmd))) {
/*
* NUMA hinting faults need to be handled in the GUP
* slowpath for accounting purposes and so that they
* can be serialised against THP migration.
*/
if (pmd_numa(pmd))
return 0;
if (!gup_huge_pmd(pmd, pmdp, addr, next, write,
pages, nr))
return 0;
} else if (unlikely(is_hugepd(__hugepd(pmd_val(pmd))))) {
/*
* architecture have different format for hugetlbfs
* pmd format and THP pmd format
*/
if (!gup_huge_pd(__hugepd(pmd_val(pmd)), addr,
PMD_SHIFT, next, write, pages, nr))
return 0;
} else if (!gup_pte_range(pmd, addr, next, write, pages, nr))
return 0;
} while (pmdp++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 1;
}
static int gup_pud_range(pgd_t pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
{
unsigned long next;
pud_t *pudp;
pudp = pud_offset(&pgd, addr);
do {
pud_t pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pud_none(pud))
return 0;
if (unlikely(pud_huge(pud))) {
if (!gup_huge_pud(pud, pudp, addr, next, write,
pages, nr))
return 0;
} else if (unlikely(is_hugepd(__hugepd(pud_val(pud))))) {
if (!gup_huge_pd(__hugepd(pud_val(pud)), addr,
PUD_SHIFT, next, write, pages, nr))
return 0;
} else if (!gup_pmd_range(pud, addr, next, write, pages, nr))
return 0;
} while (pudp++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 1;
}
/*
* Like get_user_pages_fast() except it's IRQ-safe in that it won't fall back to
* the regular GUP. It will only return non-negative values.
*/
int __get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write,
struct page **pages)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
unsigned long addr, len, end;
unsigned long next, flags;
pgd_t *pgdp;
int nr = 0;
start &= PAGE_MASK;
addr = start;
len = (unsigned long) nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
end = start + len;
if (unlikely(!access_ok(write ? VERIFY_WRITE : VERIFY_READ,
start, len)))
return 0;
/*
* Disable interrupts. We use the nested form as we can already have
* interrupts disabled by get_futex_key.
*
* With interrupts disabled, we block page table pages from being
* freed from under us. See mmu_gather_tlb in asm-generic/tlb.h
* for more details.
*
* We do not adopt an rcu_read_lock(.) here as we also want to
* block IPIs that come from THPs splitting.
*/
local_irq_save(flags);
pgdp = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
do {
pgd_t pgd = ACCESS_ONCE(*pgdp);
next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pgd_none(pgd))
break;
if (unlikely(pgd_huge(pgd))) {
if (!gup_huge_pgd(pgd, pgdp, addr, next, write,
pages, &nr))
break;
} else if (unlikely(is_hugepd(__hugepd(pgd_val(pgd))))) {
if (!gup_huge_pd(__hugepd(pgd_val(pgd)), addr,
PGDIR_SHIFT, next, write, pages, &nr))
break;
} else if (!gup_pud_range(pgd, addr, next, write, pages, &nr))
break;
} while (pgdp++, addr = next, addr != end);
local_irq_restore(flags);
return nr;
}
/**
* get_user_pages_fast() - pin user pages in memory
* @start: starting user address
* @nr_pages: number of pages from start to pin
* @write: whether pages will be written to
* @pages: array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
* Should be at least nr_pages long.
*
* Attempt to pin user pages in memory without taking mm->mmap_sem.
* If not successful, it will fall back to taking the lock and
* calling get_user_pages().
*
* Returns number of pages pinned. This may be fewer than the number
* requested. If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages
* were pinned, returns -errno.
*/
int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write,
struct page **pages)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
int nr, ret;
start &= PAGE_MASK;
nr = __get_user_pages_fast(start, nr_pages, write, pages);
ret = nr;
if (nr < nr_pages) {
/* Try to get the remaining pages with get_user_pages */
start += nr << PAGE_SHIFT;
pages += nr;
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
ret = get_user_pages(current, mm, start,
nr_pages - nr, write, 0, pages, NULL);
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
/* Have to be a bit careful with return values */
if (nr > 0) {
if (ret < 0)
ret = nr;
else
ret += nr;
}
}
return ret;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_GENERIC_RCU_GUP */