blob: 882e0b0964d045bba56b6fff551d9c0033fe8505 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket
* interface as the means of communication with the user level.
*
* Implementation of the Transmission Control Protocol(TCP).
*
* Authors: Ross Biro
* Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG>
* Mark Evans, <evansmp@uhura.aston.ac.uk>
* Corey Minyard <wf-rch!minyard@relay.EU.net>
* Florian La Roche, <flla@stud.uni-sb.de>
* Charles Hedrick, <hedrick@klinzhai.rutgers.edu>
* Linus Torvalds, <torvalds@cs.helsinki.fi>
* Alan Cox, <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org>
* Matthew Dillon, <dillon@apollo.west.oic.com>
* Arnt Gulbrandsen, <agulbra@nvg.unit.no>
* Jorge Cwik, <jorge@laser.satlink.net>
*/
/*
* Changes: Pedro Roque : Retransmit queue handled by TCP.
* : Fragmentation on mtu decrease
* : Segment collapse on retransmit
* : AF independence
*
* Linus Torvalds : send_delayed_ack
* David S. Miller : Charge memory using the right skb
* during syn/ack processing.
* David S. Miller : Output engine completely rewritten.
* Andrea Arcangeli: SYNACK carry ts_recent in tsecr.
* Cacophonix Gaul : draft-minshall-nagle-01
* J Hadi Salim : ECN support
*
*/
#include <net/tcp.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
/* People can turn this off for buggy TCP's found in printers etc. */
int sysctl_tcp_retrans_collapse __read_mostly = 1;
/* People can turn this on to work with those rare, broken TCPs that
* interpret the window field as a signed quantity.
*/
int sysctl_tcp_workaround_signed_windows __read_mostly = 0;
/* This limits the percentage of the congestion window which we
* will allow a single TSO frame to consume. Building TSO frames
* which are too large can cause TCP streams to be bursty.
*/
int sysctl_tcp_tso_win_divisor __read_mostly = 3;
int sysctl_tcp_mtu_probing __read_mostly = 0;
int sysctl_tcp_base_mss __read_mostly = TCP_BASE_MSS;
/* By default, RFC2861 behavior. */
int sysctl_tcp_slow_start_after_idle __read_mostly = 1;
int sysctl_tcp_cookie_size __read_mostly = 0; /* TCP_COOKIE_MAX */
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sysctl_tcp_cookie_size);
/* Account for new data that has been sent to the network. */
static void tcp_event_new_data_sent(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
unsigned int prior_packets = tp->packets_out;
tcp_advance_send_head(sk, skb);
tp->snd_nxt = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq;
/* Don't override Nagle indefinitely with F-RTO */
if (tp->frto_counter == 2)
tp->frto_counter = 3;
tp->packets_out += tcp_skb_pcount(skb);
if (!prior_packets)
inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_RETRANS,
inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto, TCP_RTO_MAX);
}
/* SND.NXT, if window was not shrunk.
* If window has been shrunk, what should we make? It is not clear at all.
* Using SND.UNA we will fail to open window, SND.NXT is out of window. :-(
* Anything in between SND.UNA...SND.UNA+SND.WND also can be already
* invalid. OK, let's make this for now:
*/
static inline __u32 tcp_acceptable_seq(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
if (!before(tcp_wnd_end(tp), tp->snd_nxt))
return tp->snd_nxt;
else
return tcp_wnd_end(tp);
}
/* Calculate mss to advertise in SYN segment.
* RFC1122, RFC1063, draft-ietf-tcpimpl-pmtud-01 state that:
*
* 1. It is independent of path mtu.
* 2. Ideally, it is maximal possible segment size i.e. 65535-40.
* 3. For IPv4 it is reasonable to calculate it from maximal MTU of
* attached devices, because some buggy hosts are confused by
* large MSS.
* 4. We do not make 3, we advertise MSS, calculated from first
* hop device mtu, but allow to raise it to ip_rt_min_advmss.
* This may be overridden via information stored in routing table.
* 5. Value 65535 for MSS is valid in IPv6 and means "as large as possible,
* probably even Jumbo".
*/
static __u16 tcp_advertise_mss(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct dst_entry *dst = __sk_dst_get(sk);
int mss = tp->advmss;
if (dst) {
unsigned int metric = dst_metric_advmss(dst);
if (metric < mss) {
mss = metric;
tp->advmss = mss;
}
}
return (__u16)mss;
}
/* RFC2861. Reset CWND after idle period longer RTO to "restart window".
* This is the first part of cwnd validation mechanism. */
static void tcp_cwnd_restart(struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
s32 delta = tcp_time_stamp - tp->lsndtime;
u32 restart_cwnd = tcp_init_cwnd(tp, dst);
u32 cwnd = tp->snd_cwnd;
tcp_ca_event(sk, CA_EVENT_CWND_RESTART);
tp->snd_ssthresh = tcp_current_ssthresh(sk);
restart_cwnd = min(restart_cwnd, cwnd);
while ((delta -= inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto) > 0 && cwnd > restart_cwnd)
cwnd >>= 1;
tp->snd_cwnd = max(cwnd, restart_cwnd);
tp->snd_cwnd_stamp = tcp_time_stamp;
tp->snd_cwnd_used = 0;
}
/* Congestion state accounting after a packet has been sent. */
static void tcp_event_data_sent(struct tcp_sock *tp,
struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk)
{
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
const u32 now = tcp_time_stamp;
if (sysctl_tcp_slow_start_after_idle &&
(!tp->packets_out && (s32)(now - tp->lsndtime) > icsk->icsk_rto))
tcp_cwnd_restart(sk, __sk_dst_get(sk));
tp->lsndtime = now;
/* If it is a reply for ato after last received
* packet, enter pingpong mode.
*/
if ((u32)(now - icsk->icsk_ack.lrcvtime) < icsk->icsk_ack.ato)
icsk->icsk_ack.pingpong = 1;
}
/* Account for an ACK we sent. */
static inline void tcp_event_ack_sent(struct sock *sk, unsigned int pkts)
{
tcp_dec_quickack_mode(sk, pkts);
inet_csk_clear_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_DACK);
}
/* Determine a window scaling and initial window to offer.
* Based on the assumption that the given amount of space
* will be offered. Store the results in the tp structure.
* NOTE: for smooth operation initial space offering should
* be a multiple of mss if possible. We assume here that mss >= 1.
* This MUST be enforced by all callers.
*/
void tcp_select_initial_window(int __space, __u32 mss,
__u32 *rcv_wnd, __u32 *window_clamp,
int wscale_ok, __u8 *rcv_wscale,
__u32 init_rcv_wnd)
{
unsigned int space = (__space < 0 ? 0 : __space);
/* If no clamp set the clamp to the max possible scaled window */
if (*window_clamp == 0)
(*window_clamp) = (65535 << 14);
space = min(*window_clamp, space);
/* Quantize space offering to a multiple of mss if possible. */
if (space > mss)
space = (space / mss) * mss;
/* NOTE: offering an initial window larger than 32767
* will break some buggy TCP stacks. If the admin tells us
* it is likely we could be speaking with such a buggy stack
* we will truncate our initial window offering to 32K-1
* unless the remote has sent us a window scaling option,
* which we interpret as a sign the remote TCP is not
* misinterpreting the window field as a signed quantity.
*/
if (sysctl_tcp_workaround_signed_windows)
(*rcv_wnd) = min(space, MAX_TCP_WINDOW);
else
(*rcv_wnd) = space;
(*rcv_wscale) = 0;
if (wscale_ok) {
/* Set window scaling on max possible window
* See RFC1323 for an explanation of the limit to 14
*/
space = max_t(u32, sysctl_tcp_rmem[2], sysctl_rmem_max);
space = min_t(u32, space, *window_clamp);
while (space > 65535 && (*rcv_wscale) < 14) {
space >>= 1;
(*rcv_wscale)++;
}
}
/* Set initial window to a value enough for senders starting with
* initial congestion window of TCP_DEFAULT_INIT_RCVWND. Place
* a limit on the initial window when mss is larger than 1460.
*/
if (mss > (1 << *rcv_wscale)) {
int init_cwnd = TCP_DEFAULT_INIT_RCVWND;
if (mss > 1460)
init_cwnd =
max_t(u32, (1460 * TCP_DEFAULT_INIT_RCVWND) / mss, 2);
/* when initializing use the value from init_rcv_wnd
* rather than the default from above
*/
if (init_rcv_wnd)
*rcv_wnd = min(*rcv_wnd, init_rcv_wnd * mss);
else
*rcv_wnd = min(*rcv_wnd, init_cwnd * mss);
}
/* Set the clamp no higher than max representable value */
(*window_clamp) = min(65535U << (*rcv_wscale), *window_clamp);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_select_initial_window);
/* Chose a new window to advertise, update state in tcp_sock for the
* socket, and return result with RFC1323 scaling applied. The return
* value can be stuffed directly into th->window for an outgoing
* frame.
*/
static u16 tcp_select_window(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
u32 cur_win = tcp_receive_window(tp);
u32 new_win = __tcp_select_window(sk);
/* Never shrink the offered window */
if (new_win < cur_win) {
/* Danger Will Robinson!
* Don't update rcv_wup/rcv_wnd here or else
* we will not be able to advertise a zero
* window in time. --DaveM
*
* Relax Will Robinson.
*/
new_win = ALIGN(cur_win, 1 << tp->rx_opt.rcv_wscale);
}
tp->rcv_wnd = new_win;
tp->rcv_wup = tp->rcv_nxt;
/* Make sure we do not exceed the maximum possible
* scaled window.
*/
if (!tp->rx_opt.rcv_wscale && sysctl_tcp_workaround_signed_windows)
new_win = min(new_win, MAX_TCP_WINDOW);
else
new_win = min(new_win, (65535U << tp->rx_opt.rcv_wscale));
/* RFC1323 scaling applied */
new_win >>= tp->rx_opt.rcv_wscale;
/* If we advertise zero window, disable fast path. */
if (new_win == 0)
tp->pred_flags = 0;
return new_win;
}
/* Packet ECN state for a SYN-ACK */
static inline void TCP_ECN_send_synack(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags &= ~TCPHDR_CWR;
if (!(tp->ecn_flags & TCP_ECN_OK))
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags &= ~TCPHDR_ECE;
}
/* Packet ECN state for a SYN. */
static inline void TCP_ECN_send_syn(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
tp->ecn_flags = 0;
if (sysctl_tcp_ecn == 1) {
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags |= TCPHDR_ECE | TCPHDR_CWR;
tp->ecn_flags = TCP_ECN_OK;
}
}
static __inline__ void
TCP_ECN_make_synack(struct request_sock *req, struct tcphdr *th)
{
if (inet_rsk(req)->ecn_ok)
th->ece = 1;
}
/* Set up ECN state for a packet on a ESTABLISHED socket that is about to
* be sent.
*/
static inline void TCP_ECN_send(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
int tcp_header_len)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
if (tp->ecn_flags & TCP_ECN_OK) {
/* Not-retransmitted data segment: set ECT and inject CWR. */
if (skb->len != tcp_header_len &&
!before(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq, tp->snd_nxt)) {
INET_ECN_xmit(sk);
if (tp->ecn_flags & TCP_ECN_QUEUE_CWR) {
tp->ecn_flags &= ~TCP_ECN_QUEUE_CWR;
tcp_hdr(skb)->cwr = 1;
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type |= SKB_GSO_TCP_ECN;
}
} else {
/* ACK or retransmitted segment: clear ECT|CE */
INET_ECN_dontxmit(sk);
}
if (tp->ecn_flags & TCP_ECN_DEMAND_CWR)
tcp_hdr(skb)->ece = 1;
}
}
/* Constructs common control bits of non-data skb. If SYN/FIN is present,
* auto increment end seqno.
*/
static void tcp_init_nondata_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 seq, u8 flags)
{
skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL;
skb->csum = 0;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags = flags;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked = 0;
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs = 1;
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size = 0;
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type = 0;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq = seq;
if (flags & (TCPHDR_SYN | TCPHDR_FIN))
seq++;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq = seq;
}
static inline int tcp_urg_mode(const struct tcp_sock *tp)
{
return tp->snd_una != tp->snd_up;
}
#define OPTION_SACK_ADVERTISE (1 << 0)
#define OPTION_TS (1 << 1)
#define OPTION_MD5 (1 << 2)
#define OPTION_WSCALE (1 << 3)
#define OPTION_COOKIE_EXTENSION (1 << 4)
struct tcp_out_options {
u8 options; /* bit field of OPTION_* */
u8 ws; /* window scale, 0 to disable */
u8 num_sack_blocks; /* number of SACK blocks to include */
u8 hash_size; /* bytes in hash_location */
u16 mss; /* 0 to disable */
__u32 tsval, tsecr; /* need to include OPTION_TS */
__u8 *hash_location; /* temporary pointer, overloaded */
};
/* The sysctl int routines are generic, so check consistency here.
*/
static u8 tcp_cookie_size_check(u8 desired)
{
int cookie_size;
if (desired > 0)
/* previously specified */
return desired;
cookie_size = ACCESS_ONCE(sysctl_tcp_cookie_size);
if (cookie_size <= 0)
/* no default specified */
return 0;
if (cookie_size <= TCP_COOKIE_MIN)
/* value too small, specify minimum */
return TCP_COOKIE_MIN;
if (cookie_size >= TCP_COOKIE_MAX)
/* value too large, specify maximum */
return TCP_COOKIE_MAX;
if (cookie_size & 1)
/* 8-bit multiple, illegal, fix it */
cookie_size++;
return (u8)cookie_size;
}
/* Write previously computed TCP options to the packet.
*
* Beware: Something in the Internet is very sensitive to the ordering of
* TCP options, we learned this through the hard way, so be careful here.
* Luckily we can at least blame others for their non-compliance but from
* inter-operatibility perspective it seems that we're somewhat stuck with
* the ordering which we have been using if we want to keep working with
* those broken things (not that it currently hurts anybody as there isn't
* particular reason why the ordering would need to be changed).
*
* At least SACK_PERM as the first option is known to lead to a disaster
* (but it may well be that other scenarios fail similarly).
*/
static void tcp_options_write(__be32 *ptr, struct tcp_sock *tp,
struct tcp_out_options *opts)
{
u8 options = opts->options; /* mungable copy */
/* Having both authentication and cookies for security is redundant,
* and there's certainly not enough room. Instead, the cookie-less
* extension variant is proposed.
*
* Consider the pessimal case with authentication. The options
* could look like:
* COOKIE|MD5(20) + MSS(4) + SACK|TS(12) + WSCALE(4) == 40
*/
if (unlikely(OPTION_MD5 & options)) {
if (unlikely(OPTION_COOKIE_EXTENSION & options)) {
*ptr++ = htonl((TCPOPT_COOKIE << 24) |
(TCPOLEN_COOKIE_BASE << 16) |
(TCPOPT_MD5SIG << 8) |
TCPOLEN_MD5SIG);
} else {
*ptr++ = htonl((TCPOPT_NOP << 24) |
(TCPOPT_NOP << 16) |
(TCPOPT_MD5SIG << 8) |
TCPOLEN_MD5SIG);
}
options &= ~OPTION_COOKIE_EXTENSION;
/* overload cookie hash location */
opts->hash_location = (__u8 *)ptr;
ptr += 4;
}
if (unlikely(opts->mss)) {
*ptr++ = htonl((TCPOPT_MSS << 24) |
(TCPOLEN_MSS << 16) |
opts->mss);
}
if (likely(OPTION_TS & options)) {
if (unlikely(OPTION_SACK_ADVERTISE & options)) {
*ptr++ = htonl((TCPOPT_SACK_PERM << 24) |
(TCPOLEN_SACK_PERM << 16) |
(TCPOPT_TIMESTAMP << 8) |
TCPOLEN_TIMESTAMP);
options &= ~OPTION_SACK_ADVERTISE;
} else {
*ptr++ = htonl((TCPOPT_NOP << 24) |
(TCPOPT_NOP << 16) |
(TCPOPT_TIMESTAMP << 8) |
TCPOLEN_TIMESTAMP);
}
*ptr++ = htonl(opts->tsval);
*ptr++ = htonl(opts->tsecr);
}
/* Specification requires after timestamp, so do it now.
*
* Consider the pessimal case without authentication. The options
* could look like:
* MSS(4) + SACK|TS(12) + COOKIE(20) + WSCALE(4) == 40
*/
if (unlikely(OPTION_COOKIE_EXTENSION & options)) {
__u8 *cookie_copy = opts->hash_location;
u8 cookie_size = opts->hash_size;
/* 8-bit multiple handled in tcp_cookie_size_check() above,
* and elsewhere.
*/
if (0x2 & cookie_size) {
__u8 *p = (__u8 *)ptr;
/* 16-bit multiple */
*p++ = TCPOPT_COOKIE;
*p++ = TCPOLEN_COOKIE_BASE + cookie_size;
*p++ = *cookie_copy++;
*p++ = *cookie_copy++;
ptr++;
cookie_size -= 2;
} else {
/* 32-bit multiple */
*ptr++ = htonl(((TCPOPT_NOP << 24) |
(TCPOPT_NOP << 16) |
(TCPOPT_COOKIE << 8) |
TCPOLEN_COOKIE_BASE) +
cookie_size);
}
if (cookie_size > 0) {
memcpy(ptr, cookie_copy, cookie_size);
ptr += (cookie_size / 4);
}
}
if (unlikely(OPTION_SACK_ADVERTISE & options)) {
*ptr++ = htonl((TCPOPT_NOP << 24) |
(TCPOPT_NOP << 16) |
(TCPOPT_SACK_PERM << 8) |
TCPOLEN_SACK_PERM);
}
if (unlikely(OPTION_WSCALE & options)) {
*ptr++ = htonl((TCPOPT_NOP << 24) |
(TCPOPT_WINDOW << 16) |
(TCPOLEN_WINDOW << 8) |
opts->ws);
}
if (unlikely(opts->num_sack_blocks)) {
struct tcp_sack_block *sp = tp->rx_opt.dsack ?
tp->duplicate_sack : tp->selective_acks;
int this_sack;
*ptr++ = htonl((TCPOPT_NOP << 24) |
(TCPOPT_NOP << 16) |
(TCPOPT_SACK << 8) |
(TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE + (opts->num_sack_blocks *
TCPOLEN_SACK_PERBLOCK)));
for (this_sack = 0; this_sack < opts->num_sack_blocks;
++this_sack) {
*ptr++ = htonl(sp[this_sack].start_seq);
*ptr++ = htonl(sp[this_sack].end_seq);
}
tp->rx_opt.dsack = 0;
}
}
/* Compute TCP options for SYN packets. This is not the final
* network wire format yet.
*/
static unsigned tcp_syn_options(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
struct tcp_out_options *opts,
struct tcp_md5sig_key **md5) {
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct tcp_cookie_values *cvp = tp->cookie_values;
unsigned remaining = MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE;
u8 cookie_size = (!tp->rx_opt.cookie_out_never && cvp != NULL) ?
tcp_cookie_size_check(cvp->cookie_desired) :
0;
#ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG
*md5 = tp->af_specific->md5_lookup(sk, sk);
if (*md5) {
opts->options |= OPTION_MD5;
remaining -= TCPOLEN_MD5SIG_ALIGNED;
}
#else
*md5 = NULL;
#endif
/* We always get an MSS option. The option bytes which will be seen in
* normal data packets should timestamps be used, must be in the MSS
* advertised. But we subtract them from tp->mss_cache so that
* calculations in tcp_sendmsg are simpler etc. So account for this
* fact here if necessary. If we don't do this correctly, as a
* receiver we won't recognize data packets as being full sized when we
* should, and thus we won't abide by the delayed ACK rules correctly.
* SACKs don't matter, we never delay an ACK when we have any of those
* going out. */
opts->mss = tcp_advertise_mss(sk);
remaining -= TCPOLEN_MSS_ALIGNED;
if (likely(sysctl_tcp_timestamps && *md5 == NULL)) {
opts->options |= OPTION_TS;
opts->tsval = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->when;
opts->tsecr = tp->rx_opt.ts_recent;
remaining -= TCPOLEN_TSTAMP_ALIGNED;
}
if (likely(sysctl_tcp_window_scaling)) {
opts->ws = tp->rx_opt.rcv_wscale;
opts->options |= OPTION_WSCALE;
remaining -= TCPOLEN_WSCALE_ALIGNED;
}
if (likely(sysctl_tcp_sack)) {
opts->options |= OPTION_SACK_ADVERTISE;
if (unlikely(!(OPTION_TS & opts->options)))
remaining -= TCPOLEN_SACKPERM_ALIGNED;
}
/* Note that timestamps are required by the specification.
*
* Odd numbers of bytes are prohibited by the specification, ensuring
* that the cookie is 16-bit aligned, and the resulting cookie pair is
* 32-bit aligned.
*/
if (*md5 == NULL &&
(OPTION_TS & opts->options) &&
cookie_size > 0) {
int need = TCPOLEN_COOKIE_BASE + cookie_size;
if (0x2 & need) {
/* 32-bit multiple */
need += 2; /* NOPs */
if (need > remaining) {
/* try shrinking cookie to fit */
cookie_size -= 2;
need -= 4;
}
}
while (need > remaining && TCP_COOKIE_MIN <= cookie_size) {
cookie_size -= 4;
need -= 4;
}
if (TCP_COOKIE_MIN <= cookie_size) {
opts->options |= OPTION_COOKIE_EXTENSION;
opts->hash_location = (__u8 *)&cvp->cookie_pair[0];
opts->hash_size = cookie_size;
/* Remember for future incarnations. */
cvp->cookie_desired = cookie_size;
if (cvp->cookie_desired != cvp->cookie_pair_size) {
/* Currently use random bytes as a nonce,
* assuming these are completely unpredictable
* by hostile users of the same system.
*/
get_random_bytes(&cvp->cookie_pair[0],
cookie_size);
cvp->cookie_pair_size = cookie_size;
}
remaining -= need;
}
}
return MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE - remaining;
}
/* Set up TCP options for SYN-ACKs. */
static unsigned tcp_synack_options(struct sock *sk,
struct request_sock *req,
unsigned mss, struct sk_buff *skb,
struct tcp_out_options *opts,
struct tcp_md5sig_key **md5,
struct tcp_extend_values *xvp)
{
struct inet_request_sock *ireq = inet_rsk(req);
unsigned remaining = MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE;
u8 cookie_plus = (xvp != NULL && !xvp->cookie_out_never) ?
xvp->cookie_plus :
0;
#ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG
*md5 = tcp_rsk(req)->af_specific->md5_lookup(sk, req);
if (*md5) {
opts->options |= OPTION_MD5;
remaining -= TCPOLEN_MD5SIG_ALIGNED;
/* We can't fit any SACK blocks in a packet with MD5 + TS
* options. There was discussion about disabling SACK
* rather than TS in order to fit in better with old,
* buggy kernels, but that was deemed to be unnecessary.
*/
ireq->tstamp_ok &= !ireq->sack_ok;
}
#else
*md5 = NULL;
#endif
/* We always send an MSS option. */
opts->mss = mss;
remaining -= TCPOLEN_MSS_ALIGNED;
if (likely(ireq->wscale_ok)) {
opts->ws = ireq->rcv_wscale;
opts->options |= OPTION_WSCALE;
remaining -= TCPOLEN_WSCALE_ALIGNED;
}
if (likely(ireq->tstamp_ok)) {
opts->options |= OPTION_TS;
opts->tsval = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->when;
opts->tsecr = req->ts_recent;
remaining -= TCPOLEN_TSTAMP_ALIGNED;
}
if (likely(ireq->sack_ok)) {
opts->options |= OPTION_SACK_ADVERTISE;
if (unlikely(!ireq->tstamp_ok))
remaining -= TCPOLEN_SACKPERM_ALIGNED;
}
/* Similar rationale to tcp_syn_options() applies here, too.
* If the <SYN> options fit, the same options should fit now!
*/
if (*md5 == NULL &&
ireq->tstamp_ok &&
cookie_plus > TCPOLEN_COOKIE_BASE) {
int need = cookie_plus; /* has TCPOLEN_COOKIE_BASE */
if (0x2 & need) {
/* 32-bit multiple */
need += 2; /* NOPs */
}
if (need <= remaining) {
opts->options |= OPTION_COOKIE_EXTENSION;
opts->hash_size = cookie_plus - TCPOLEN_COOKIE_BASE;
remaining -= need;
} else {
/* There's no error return, so flag it. */
xvp->cookie_out_never = 1; /* true */
opts->hash_size = 0;
}
}
return MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE - remaining;
}
/* Compute TCP options for ESTABLISHED sockets. This is not the
* final wire format yet.
*/
static unsigned tcp_established_options(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
struct tcp_out_options *opts,
struct tcp_md5sig_key **md5) {
struct tcp_skb_cb *tcb = skb ? TCP_SKB_CB(skb) : NULL;
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
unsigned size = 0;
unsigned int eff_sacks;
#ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG
*md5 = tp->af_specific->md5_lookup(sk, sk);
if (unlikely(*md5)) {
opts->options |= OPTION_MD5;
size += TCPOLEN_MD5SIG_ALIGNED;
}
#else
*md5 = NULL;
#endif
if (likely(tp->rx_opt.tstamp_ok)) {
opts->options |= OPTION_TS;
opts->tsval = tcb ? tcb->when : 0;
opts->tsecr = tp->rx_opt.ts_recent;
size += TCPOLEN_TSTAMP_ALIGNED;
}
eff_sacks = tp->rx_opt.num_sacks + tp->rx_opt.dsack;
if (unlikely(eff_sacks)) {
const unsigned remaining = MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE - size;
opts->num_sack_blocks =
min_t(unsigned, eff_sacks,
(remaining - TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE_ALIGNED) /
TCPOLEN_SACK_PERBLOCK);
size += TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE_ALIGNED +
opts->num_sack_blocks * TCPOLEN_SACK_PERBLOCK;
}
return size;
}
/* This routine actually transmits TCP packets queued in by
* tcp_do_sendmsg(). This is used by both the initial
* transmission and possible later retransmissions.
* All SKB's seen here are completely headerless. It is our
* job to build the TCP header, and pass the packet down to
* IP so it can do the same plus pass the packet off to the
* device.
*
* We are working here with either a clone of the original
* SKB, or a fresh unique copy made by the retransmit engine.
*/
static int tcp_transmit_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int clone_it,
gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
struct inet_sock *inet;
struct tcp_sock *tp;
struct tcp_skb_cb *tcb;
struct tcp_out_options opts;
unsigned tcp_options_size, tcp_header_size;
struct tcp_md5sig_key *md5;
struct tcphdr *th;
int err;
BUG_ON(!skb || !tcp_skb_pcount(skb));
/* If congestion control is doing timestamping, we must
* take such a timestamp before we potentially clone/copy.
*/
if (icsk->icsk_ca_ops->flags & TCP_CONG_RTT_STAMP)
__net_timestamp(skb);
if (likely(clone_it)) {
if (unlikely(skb_cloned(skb)))
skb = pskb_copy(skb, gfp_mask);
else
skb = skb_clone(skb, gfp_mask);
if (unlikely(!skb))
return -ENOBUFS;
}
inet = inet_sk(sk);
tp = tcp_sk(sk);
tcb = TCP_SKB_CB(skb);
memset(&opts, 0, sizeof(opts));
if (unlikely(tcb->flags & TCPHDR_SYN))
tcp_options_size = tcp_syn_options(sk, skb, &opts, &md5);
else
tcp_options_size = tcp_established_options(sk, skb, &opts,
&md5);
tcp_header_size = tcp_options_size + sizeof(struct tcphdr);
if (tcp_packets_in_flight(tp) == 0) {
tcp_ca_event(sk, CA_EVENT_TX_START);
skb->ooo_okay = 1;
} else
skb->ooo_okay = 0;
skb_push(skb, tcp_header_size);
skb_reset_transport_header(skb);
skb_set_owner_w(skb, sk);
/* Build TCP header and checksum it. */
th = tcp_hdr(skb);
th->source = inet->inet_sport;
th->dest = inet->inet_dport;
th->seq = htonl(tcb->seq);
th->ack_seq = htonl(tp->rcv_nxt);
*(((__be16 *)th) + 6) = htons(((tcp_header_size >> 2) << 12) |
tcb->flags);
if (unlikely(tcb->flags & TCPHDR_SYN)) {
/* RFC1323: The window in SYN & SYN/ACK segments
* is never scaled.
*/
th->window = htons(min(tp->rcv_wnd, 65535U));
} else {
th->window = htons(tcp_select_window(sk));
}
th->check = 0;
th->urg_ptr = 0;
/* The urg_mode check is necessary during a below snd_una win probe */
if (unlikely(tcp_urg_mode(tp) && before(tcb->seq, tp->snd_up))) {
if (before(tp->snd_up, tcb->seq + 0x10000)) {
th->urg_ptr = htons(tp->snd_up - tcb->seq);
th->urg = 1;
} else if (after(tcb->seq + 0xFFFF, tp->snd_nxt)) {
th->urg_ptr = htons(0xFFFF);
th->urg = 1;
}
}
tcp_options_write((__be32 *)(th + 1), tp, &opts);
if (likely((tcb->flags & TCPHDR_SYN) == 0))
TCP_ECN_send(sk, skb, tcp_header_size);
#ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG
/* Calculate the MD5 hash, as we have all we need now */
if (md5) {
sk_nocaps_add(sk, NETIF_F_GSO_MASK);
tp->af_specific->calc_md5_hash(opts.hash_location,
md5, sk, NULL, skb);
}
#endif
icsk->icsk_af_ops->send_check(sk, skb);
if (likely(tcb->flags & TCPHDR_ACK))
tcp_event_ack_sent(sk, tcp_skb_pcount(skb));
if (skb->len != tcp_header_size)
tcp_event_data_sent(tp, skb, sk);
if (after(tcb->end_seq, tp->snd_nxt) || tcb->seq == tcb->end_seq)
TCP_ADD_STATS(sock_net(sk), TCP_MIB_OUTSEGS,
tcp_skb_pcount(skb));
err = icsk->icsk_af_ops->queue_xmit(skb, &inet->cork.fl);
if (likely(err <= 0))
return err;
tcp_enter_cwr(sk, 1);
return net_xmit_eval(err);
}
/* This routine just queues the buffer for sending.
*
* NOTE: probe0 timer is not checked, do not forget tcp_push_pending_frames,
* otherwise socket can stall.
*/
static void tcp_queue_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
/* Advance write_seq and place onto the write_queue. */
tp->write_seq = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq;
skb_header_release(skb);
tcp_add_write_queue_tail(sk, skb);
sk->sk_wmem_queued += skb->truesize;
sk_mem_charge(sk, skb->truesize);
}
/* Initialize TSO segments for a packet. */
static void tcp_set_skb_tso_segs(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
unsigned int mss_now)
{
if (skb->len <= mss_now || !sk_can_gso(sk) ||
skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) {
/* Avoid the costly divide in the normal
* non-TSO case.
*/
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs = 1;
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size = 0;
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type = 0;
} else {
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs = DIV_ROUND_UP(skb->len, mss_now);
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size = mss_now;
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type = sk->sk_gso_type;
}
}
/* When a modification to fackets out becomes necessary, we need to check
* skb is counted to fackets_out or not.
*/
static void tcp_adjust_fackets_out(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
int decr)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
if (!tp->sacked_out || tcp_is_reno(tp))
return;
if (after(tcp_highest_sack_seq(tp), TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq))
tp->fackets_out -= decr;
}
/* Pcount in the middle of the write queue got changed, we need to do various
* tweaks to fix counters
*/
static void tcp_adjust_pcount(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int decr)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
tp->packets_out -= decr;
if (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked & TCPCB_SACKED_ACKED)
tp->sacked_out -= decr;
if (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked & TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS)
tp->retrans_out -= decr;
if (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked & TCPCB_LOST)
tp->lost_out -= decr;
/* Reno case is special. Sigh... */
if (tcp_is_reno(tp) && decr > 0)
tp->sacked_out -= min_t(u32, tp->sacked_out, decr);
tcp_adjust_fackets_out(sk, skb, decr);
if (tp->lost_skb_hint &&
before(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq, TCP_SKB_CB(tp->lost_skb_hint)->seq) &&
(tcp_is_fack(tp) || (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked & TCPCB_SACKED_ACKED)))
tp->lost_cnt_hint -= decr;
tcp_verify_left_out(tp);
}
/* Function to create two new TCP segments. Shrinks the given segment
* to the specified size and appends a new segment with the rest of the
* packet to the list. This won't be called frequently, I hope.
* Remember, these are still headerless SKBs at this point.
*/
int tcp_fragment(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 len,
unsigned int mss_now)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct sk_buff *buff;
int nsize, old_factor;
int nlen;
u8 flags;
if (WARN_ON(len > skb->len))
return -EINVAL;
nsize = skb_headlen(skb) - len;
if (nsize < 0)
nsize = 0;
if (skb_cloned(skb) &&
skb_is_nonlinear(skb) &&
pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, GFP_ATOMIC))
return -ENOMEM;
/* Get a new skb... force flag on. */
buff = sk_stream_alloc_skb(sk, nsize, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (buff == NULL)
return -ENOMEM; /* We'll just try again later. */
sk->sk_wmem_queued += buff->truesize;
sk_mem_charge(sk, buff->truesize);
nlen = skb->len - len - nsize;
buff->truesize += nlen;
skb->truesize -= nlen;
/* Correct the sequence numbers. */
TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->seq = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq + len;
TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->end_seq = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq = TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->seq;
/* PSH and FIN should only be set in the second packet. */
flags = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags = flags & ~(TCPHDR_FIN | TCPHDR_PSH);
TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->flags = flags;
TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->sacked = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked;
if (!skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags && skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_PARTIAL) {
/* Copy and checksum data tail into the new buffer. */
buff->csum = csum_partial_copy_nocheck(skb->data + len,
skb_put(buff, nsize),
nsize, 0);
skb_trim(skb, len);
skb->csum = csum_block_sub(skb->csum, buff->csum, len);
} else {
skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL;
skb_split(skb, buff, len);
}
buff->ip_summed = skb->ip_summed;
/* Looks stupid, but our code really uses when of
* skbs, which it never sent before. --ANK
*/
TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->when = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->when;
buff->tstamp = skb->tstamp;
old_factor = tcp_skb_pcount(skb);
/* Fix up tso_factor for both original and new SKB. */
tcp_set_skb_tso_segs(sk, skb, mss_now);
tcp_set_skb_tso_segs(sk, buff, mss_now);
/* If this packet has been sent out already, we must
* adjust the various packet counters.
*/
if (!before(tp->snd_nxt, TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->end_seq)) {
int diff = old_factor - tcp_skb_pcount(skb) -
tcp_skb_pcount(buff);
if (diff)
tcp_adjust_pcount(sk, skb, diff);
}
/* Link BUFF into the send queue. */
skb_header_release(buff);
tcp_insert_write_queue_after(skb, buff, sk);
return 0;
}
/* This is similar to __pskb_pull_head() (it will go to core/skbuff.c
* eventually). The difference is that pulled data not copied, but
* immediately discarded.
*/
static void __pskb_trim_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int len)
{
int i, k, eat;
eat = len;
k = 0;
for (i = 0; i < skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; i++) {
if (skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i].size <= eat) {
put_page(skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i].page);
eat -= skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i].size;
} else {
skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[k] = skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i];
if (eat) {
skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[k].page_offset += eat;
skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[k].size -= eat;
eat = 0;
}
k++;
}
}
skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags = k;
skb_reset_tail_pointer(skb);
skb->data_len -= len;
skb->len = skb->data_len;
}
/* Remove acked data from a packet in the transmit queue. */
int tcp_trim_head(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 len)
{
if (skb_cloned(skb) && pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, GFP_ATOMIC))
return -ENOMEM;
/* If len == headlen, we avoid __skb_pull to preserve alignment. */
if (unlikely(len < skb_headlen(skb)))
__skb_pull(skb, len);
else
__pskb_trim_head(skb, len - skb_headlen(skb));
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq += len;
skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL;
skb->truesize -= len;
sk->sk_wmem_queued -= len;
sk_mem_uncharge(sk, len);
sock_set_flag(sk, SOCK_QUEUE_SHRUNK);
/* Any change of skb->len requires recalculation of tso
* factor and mss.
*/
if (tcp_skb_pcount(skb) > 1)
tcp_set_skb_tso_segs(sk, skb, tcp_current_mss(sk));
return 0;
}
/* Calculate MSS. Not accounting for SACKs here. */
int tcp_mtu_to_mss(struct sock *sk, int pmtu)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
int mss_now;
/* Calculate base mss without TCP options:
It is MMS_S - sizeof(tcphdr) of rfc1122
*/
mss_now = pmtu - icsk->icsk_af_ops->net_header_len - sizeof(struct tcphdr);
/* Clamp it (mss_clamp does not include tcp options) */
if (mss_now > tp->rx_opt.mss_clamp)
mss_now = tp->rx_opt.mss_clamp;
/* Now subtract optional transport overhead */
mss_now -= icsk->icsk_ext_hdr_len;
/* Then reserve room for full set of TCP options and 8 bytes of data */
if (mss_now < 48)
mss_now = 48;
/* Now subtract TCP options size, not including SACKs */
mss_now -= tp->tcp_header_len - sizeof(struct tcphdr);
return mss_now;
}
/* Inverse of above */
int tcp_mss_to_mtu(struct sock *sk, int mss)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
int mtu;
mtu = mss +
tp->tcp_header_len +
icsk->icsk_ext_hdr_len +
icsk->icsk_af_ops->net_header_len;
return mtu;
}
/* MTU probing init per socket */
void tcp_mtup_init(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
icsk->icsk_mtup.enabled = sysctl_tcp_mtu_probing > 1;
icsk->icsk_mtup.search_high = tp->rx_opt.mss_clamp + sizeof(struct tcphdr) +
icsk->icsk_af_ops->net_header_len;
icsk->icsk_mtup.search_low = tcp_mss_to_mtu(sk, sysctl_tcp_base_mss);
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size = 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_mtup_init);
/* This function synchronize snd mss to current pmtu/exthdr set.
tp->rx_opt.user_mss is mss set by user by TCP_MAXSEG. It does NOT counts
for TCP options, but includes only bare TCP header.
tp->rx_opt.mss_clamp is mss negotiated at connection setup.
It is minimum of user_mss and mss received with SYN.
It also does not include TCP options.
inet_csk(sk)->icsk_pmtu_cookie is last pmtu, seen by this function.
tp->mss_cache is current effective sending mss, including
all tcp options except for SACKs. It is evaluated,
taking into account current pmtu, but never exceeds
tp->rx_opt.mss_clamp.
NOTE1. rfc1122 clearly states that advertised MSS
DOES NOT include either tcp or ip options.
NOTE2. inet_csk(sk)->icsk_pmtu_cookie and tp->mss_cache
are READ ONLY outside this function. --ANK (980731)
*/
unsigned int tcp_sync_mss(struct sock *sk, u32 pmtu)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
int mss_now;
if (icsk->icsk_mtup.search_high > pmtu)
icsk->icsk_mtup.search_high = pmtu;
mss_now = tcp_mtu_to_mss(sk, pmtu);
mss_now = tcp_bound_to_half_wnd(tp, mss_now);
/* And store cached results */
icsk->icsk_pmtu_cookie = pmtu;
if (icsk->icsk_mtup.enabled)
mss_now = min(mss_now, tcp_mtu_to_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_mtup.search_low));
tp->mss_cache = mss_now;
return mss_now;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_sync_mss);
/* Compute the current effective MSS, taking SACKs and IP options,
* and even PMTU discovery events into account.
*/
unsigned int tcp_current_mss(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct dst_entry *dst = __sk_dst_get(sk);
u32 mss_now;
unsigned header_len;
struct tcp_out_options opts;
struct tcp_md5sig_key *md5;
mss_now = tp->mss_cache;
if (dst) {
u32 mtu = dst_mtu(dst);
if (mtu != inet_csk(sk)->icsk_pmtu_cookie)
mss_now = tcp_sync_mss(sk, mtu);
}
header_len = tcp_established_options(sk, NULL, &opts, &md5) +
sizeof(struct tcphdr);
/* The mss_cache is sized based on tp->tcp_header_len, which assumes
* some common options. If this is an odd packet (because we have SACK
* blocks etc) then our calculated header_len will be different, and
* we have to adjust mss_now correspondingly */
if (header_len != tp->tcp_header_len) {
int delta = (int) header_len - tp->tcp_header_len;
mss_now -= delta;
}
return mss_now;
}
/* Congestion window validation. (RFC2861) */
static void tcp_cwnd_validate(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
if (tp->packets_out >= tp->snd_cwnd) {
/* Network is feed fully. */
tp->snd_cwnd_used = 0;
tp->snd_cwnd_stamp = tcp_time_stamp;
} else {
/* Network starves. */
if (tp->packets_out > tp->snd_cwnd_used)
tp->snd_cwnd_used = tp->packets_out;
if (sysctl_tcp_slow_start_after_idle &&
(s32)(tcp_time_stamp - tp->snd_cwnd_stamp) >= inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto)
tcp_cwnd_application_limited(sk);
}
}
/* Returns the portion of skb which can be sent right away without
* introducing MSS oddities to segment boundaries. In rare cases where
* mss_now != mss_cache, we will request caller to create a small skb
* per input skb which could be mostly avoided here (if desired).
*
* We explicitly want to create a request for splitting write queue tail
* to a small skb for Nagle purposes while avoiding unnecessary modulos,
* thus all the complexity (cwnd_len is always MSS multiple which we
* return whenever allowed by the other factors). Basically we need the
* modulo only when the receiver window alone is the limiting factor or
* when we would be allowed to send the split-due-to-Nagle skb fully.
*/
static unsigned int tcp_mss_split_point(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
unsigned int mss_now, unsigned int cwnd)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
u32 needed, window, cwnd_len;
window = tcp_wnd_end(tp) - TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq;
cwnd_len = mss_now * cwnd;
if (likely(cwnd_len <= window && skb != tcp_write_queue_tail(sk)))
return cwnd_len;
needed = min(skb->len, window);
if (cwnd_len <= needed)
return cwnd_len;
return needed - needed % mss_now;
}
/* Can at least one segment of SKB be sent right now, according to the
* congestion window rules? If so, return how many segments are allowed.
*/
static inline unsigned int tcp_cwnd_test(struct tcp_sock *tp,
struct sk_buff *skb)
{
u32 in_flight, cwnd;
/* Don't be strict about the congestion window for the final FIN. */
if ((TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags & TCPHDR_FIN) && tcp_skb_pcount(skb) == 1)
return 1;
in_flight = tcp_packets_in_flight(tp);
cwnd = tp->snd_cwnd;
if (in_flight < cwnd)
return (cwnd - in_flight);
return 0;
}
/* Initialize TSO state of a skb.
* This must be invoked the first time we consider transmitting
* SKB onto the wire.
*/
static int tcp_init_tso_segs(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
unsigned int mss_now)
{
int tso_segs = tcp_skb_pcount(skb);
if (!tso_segs || (tso_segs > 1 && tcp_skb_mss(skb) != mss_now)) {
tcp_set_skb_tso_segs(sk, skb, mss_now);
tso_segs = tcp_skb_pcount(skb);
}
return tso_segs;
}
/* Minshall's variant of the Nagle send check. */
static inline int tcp_minshall_check(const struct tcp_sock *tp)
{
return after(tp->snd_sml, tp->snd_una) &&
!after(tp->snd_sml, tp->snd_nxt);
}
/* Return 0, if packet can be sent now without violation Nagle's rules:
* 1. It is full sized.
* 2. Or it contains FIN. (already checked by caller)
* 3. Or TCP_NODELAY was set.
* 4. Or TCP_CORK is not set, and all sent packets are ACKed.
* With Minshall's modification: all sent small packets are ACKed.
*/
static inline int tcp_nagle_check(const struct tcp_sock *tp,
const struct sk_buff *skb,
unsigned mss_now, int nonagle)
{
return skb->len < mss_now &&
((nonagle & TCP_NAGLE_CORK) ||
(!nonagle && tp->packets_out && tcp_minshall_check(tp)));
}
/* Return non-zero if the Nagle test allows this packet to be
* sent now.
*/
static inline int tcp_nagle_test(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_buff *skb,
unsigned int cur_mss, int nonagle)
{
/* Nagle rule does not apply to frames, which sit in the middle of the
* write_queue (they have no chances to get new data).
*
* This is implemented in the callers, where they modify the 'nonagle'
* argument based upon the location of SKB in the send queue.
*/
if (nonagle & TCP_NAGLE_PUSH)
return 1;
/* Don't use the nagle rule for urgent data (or for the final FIN).
* Nagle can be ignored during F-RTO too (see RFC4138).
*/
if (tcp_urg_mode(tp) || (tp->frto_counter == 2) ||
(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags & TCPHDR_FIN))
return 1;
if (!tcp_nagle_check(tp, skb, cur_mss, nonagle))
return 1;
return 0;
}
/* Does at least the first segment of SKB fit into the send window? */
static inline int tcp_snd_wnd_test(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_buff *skb,
unsigned int cur_mss)
{
u32 end_seq = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq;
if (skb->len > cur_mss)
end_seq = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq + cur_mss;
return !after(end_seq, tcp_wnd_end(tp));
}
/* This checks if the data bearing packet SKB (usually tcp_send_head(sk))
* should be put on the wire right now. If so, it returns the number of
* packets allowed by the congestion window.
*/
static unsigned int tcp_snd_test(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
unsigned int cur_mss, int nonagle)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
unsigned int cwnd_quota;
tcp_init_tso_segs(sk, skb, cur_mss);
if (!tcp_nagle_test(tp, skb, cur_mss, nonagle))
return 0;
cwnd_quota = tcp_cwnd_test(tp, skb);
if (cwnd_quota && !tcp_snd_wnd_test(tp, skb, cur_mss))
cwnd_quota = 0;
return cwnd_quota;
}
/* Test if sending is allowed right now. */
int tcp_may_send_now(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct sk_buff *skb = tcp_send_head(sk);
return skb &&
tcp_snd_test(sk, skb, tcp_current_mss(sk),
(tcp_skb_is_last(sk, skb) ?
tp->nonagle : TCP_NAGLE_PUSH));
}
/* Trim TSO SKB to LEN bytes, put the remaining data into a new packet
* which is put after SKB on the list. It is very much like
* tcp_fragment() except that it may make several kinds of assumptions
* in order to speed up the splitting operation. In particular, we
* know that all the data is in scatter-gather pages, and that the
* packet has never been sent out before (and thus is not cloned).
*/
static int tso_fragment(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len,
unsigned int mss_now, gfp_t gfp)
{
struct sk_buff *buff;
int nlen = skb->len - len;
u8 flags;
/* All of a TSO frame must be composed of paged data. */
if (skb->len != skb->data_len)
return tcp_fragment(sk, skb, len, mss_now);
buff = sk_stream_alloc_skb(sk, 0, gfp);
if (unlikely(buff == NULL))
return -ENOMEM;
sk->sk_wmem_queued += buff->truesize;
sk_mem_charge(sk, buff->truesize);
buff->truesize += nlen;
skb->truesize -= nlen;
/* Correct the sequence numbers. */
TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->seq = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq + len;
TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->end_seq = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq = TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->seq;
/* PSH and FIN should only be set in the second packet. */
flags = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags = flags & ~(TCPHDR_FIN | TCPHDR_PSH);
TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->flags = flags;
/* This packet was never sent out yet, so no SACK bits. */
TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->sacked = 0;
buff->ip_summed = skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL;
skb_split(skb, buff, len);
/* Fix up tso_factor for both original and new SKB. */
tcp_set_skb_tso_segs(sk, skb, mss_now);
tcp_set_skb_tso_segs(sk, buff, mss_now);
/* Link BUFF into the send queue. */
skb_header_release(buff);
tcp_insert_write_queue_after(skb, buff, sk);
return 0;
}
/* Try to defer sending, if possible, in order to minimize the amount
* of TSO splitting we do. View it as a kind of TSO Nagle test.
*
* This algorithm is from John Heffner.
*/
static int tcp_tso_should_defer(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
u32 send_win, cong_win, limit, in_flight;
int win_divisor;
if (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags & TCPHDR_FIN)
goto send_now;
if (icsk->icsk_ca_state != TCP_CA_Open)
goto send_now;
/* Defer for less than two clock ticks. */
if (tp->tso_deferred &&
(((u32)jiffies << 1) >> 1) - (tp->tso_deferred >> 1) > 1)
goto send_now;
in_flight = tcp_packets_in_flight(tp);
BUG_ON(tcp_skb_pcount(skb) <= 1 || (tp->snd_cwnd <= in_flight));
send_win = tcp_wnd_end(tp) - TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq;
/* From in_flight test above, we know that cwnd > in_flight. */
cong_win = (tp->snd_cwnd - in_flight) * tp->mss_cache;
limit = min(send_win, cong_win);
/* If a full-sized TSO skb can be sent, do it. */
if (limit >= sk->sk_gso_max_size)
goto send_now;
/* Middle in queue won't get any more data, full sendable already? */
if ((skb != tcp_write_queue_tail(sk)) && (limit >= skb->len))
goto send_now;
win_divisor = ACCESS_ONCE(sysctl_tcp_tso_win_divisor);
if (win_divisor) {
u32 chunk = min(tp->snd_wnd, tp->snd_cwnd * tp->mss_cache);
/* If at least some fraction of a window is available,
* just use it.
*/
chunk /= win_divisor;
if (limit >= chunk)
goto send_now;
} else {
/* Different approach, try not to defer past a single
* ACK. Receiver should ACK every other full sized
* frame, so if we have space for more than 3 frames
* then send now.
*/
if (limit > tcp_max_burst(tp) * tp->mss_cache)
goto send_now;
}
/* Ok, it looks like it is advisable to defer. */
tp->tso_deferred = 1 | (jiffies << 1);
return 1;
send_now:
tp->tso_deferred = 0;
return 0;
}
/* Create a new MTU probe if we are ready.
* MTU probe is regularly attempting to increase the path MTU by
* deliberately sending larger packets. This discovers routing
* changes resulting in larger path MTUs.
*
* Returns 0 if we should wait to probe (no cwnd available),
* 1 if a probe was sent,
* -1 otherwise
*/
static int tcp_mtu_probe(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
struct sk_buff *skb, *nskb, *next;
int len;
int probe_size;
int size_needed;
int copy;
int mss_now;
/* Not currently probing/verifying,
* not in recovery,
* have enough cwnd, and
* not SACKing (the variable headers throw things off) */
if (!icsk->icsk_mtup.enabled ||
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size ||
inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_state != TCP_CA_Open ||
tp->snd_cwnd < 11 ||
tp->rx_opt.num_sacks || tp->rx_opt.dsack)
return -1;
/* Very simple search strategy: just double the MSS. */
mss_now = tcp_current_mss(sk);
probe_size = 2 * tp->mss_cache;
size_needed = probe_size + (tp->reordering + 1) * tp->mss_cache;
if (probe_size > tcp_mtu_to_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_mtup.search_high)) {
/* TODO: set timer for probe_converge_event */
return -1;
}
/* Have enough data in the send queue to probe? */
if (tp->write_seq - tp->snd_nxt < size_needed)
return -1;
if (tp->snd_wnd < size_needed)
return -1;
if (after(tp->snd_nxt + size_needed, tcp_wnd_end(tp)))
return 0;
/* Do we need to wait to drain cwnd? With none in flight, don't stall */
if (tcp_packets_in_flight(tp) + 2 > tp->snd_cwnd) {
if (!tcp_packets_in_flight(tp))
return -1;
else
return 0;
}
/* We're allowed to probe. Build it now. */
if ((nskb = sk_stream_alloc_skb(sk, probe_size, GFP_ATOMIC)) == NULL)
return -1;
sk->sk_wmem_queued += nskb->truesize;
sk_mem_charge(sk, nskb->truesize);
skb = tcp_send_head(sk);
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->seq = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq;
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->end_seq = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq + probe_size;
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->flags = TCPHDR_ACK;
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->sacked = 0;
nskb->csum = 0;
nskb->ip_summed = skb->ip_summed;
tcp_insert_write_queue_before(nskb, skb, sk);
len = 0;
tcp_for_write_queue_from_safe(skb, next, sk) {
copy = min_t(int, skb->len, probe_size - len);
if (nskb->ip_summed)
skb_copy_bits(skb, 0, skb_put(nskb, copy), copy);
else
nskb->csum = skb_copy_and_csum_bits(skb, 0,
skb_put(nskb, copy),
copy, nskb->csum);
if (skb->len <= copy) {
/* We've eaten all the data from this skb.
* Throw it away. */
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->flags |= TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags;
tcp_unlink_write_queue(skb, sk);
sk_wmem_free_skb(sk, skb);
} else {
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->flags |= TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags &
~(TCPHDR_FIN|TCPHDR_PSH);
if (!skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags) {
skb_pull(skb, copy);
if (skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_PARTIAL)
skb->csum = csum_partial(skb->data,
skb->len, 0);
} else {
__pskb_trim_head(skb, copy);
tcp_set_skb_tso_segs(sk, skb, mss_now);
}
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq += copy;
}
len += copy;
if (len >= probe_size)
break;
}
tcp_init_tso_segs(sk, nskb, nskb->len);
/* We're ready to send. If this fails, the probe will
* be resegmented into mss-sized pieces by tcp_write_xmit(). */
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->when = tcp_time_stamp;
if (!tcp_transmit_skb(sk, nskb, 1, GFP_ATOMIC)) {
/* Decrement cwnd here because we are sending
* effectively two packets. */
tp->snd_cwnd--;
tcp_event_new_data_sent(sk, nskb);
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size = tcp_mss_to_mtu(sk, nskb->len);
tp->mtu_probe.probe_seq_start = TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->seq;
tp->mtu_probe.probe_seq_end = TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->end_seq;
return 1;
}
return -1;
}
/* This routine writes packets to the network. It advances the
* send_head. This happens as incoming acks open up the remote
* window for us.
*
* LARGESEND note: !tcp_urg_mode is overkill, only frames between
* snd_up-64k-mss .. snd_up cannot be large. However, taking into
* account rare use of URG, this is not a big flaw.
*
* Returns 1, if no segments are in flight and we have queued segments, but
* cannot send anything now because of SWS or another problem.
*/
static int tcp_write_xmit(struct sock *sk, unsigned int mss_now, int nonagle,
int push_one, gfp_t gfp)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct sk_buff *skb;
unsigned int tso_segs, sent_pkts;
int cwnd_quota;
int result;
sent_pkts = 0;
if (!push_one) {
/* Do MTU probing. */
result = tcp_mtu_probe(sk);
if (!result) {
return 0;
} else if (result > 0) {
sent_pkts = 1;
}
}
while ((skb = tcp_send_head(sk))) {
unsigned int limit;
tso_segs = tcp_init_tso_segs(sk, skb, mss_now);
BUG_ON(!tso_segs);
cwnd_quota = tcp_cwnd_test(tp, skb);
if (!cwnd_quota)
break;
if (unlikely(!tcp_snd_wnd_test(tp, skb, mss_now)))
break;
if (tso_segs == 1) {
if (unlikely(!tcp_nagle_test(tp, skb, mss_now,
(tcp_skb_is_last(sk, skb) ?
nonagle : TCP_NAGLE_PUSH))))
break;
} else {
if (!push_one && tcp_tso_should_defer(sk, skb))
break;
}
limit = mss_now;
if (tso_segs > 1 && !tcp_urg_mode(tp))
limit = tcp_mss_split_point(sk, skb, mss_now,
cwnd_quota);
if (skb->len > limit &&
unlikely(tso_fragment(sk, skb, limit, mss_now, gfp)))
break;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->when = tcp_time_stamp;
if (unlikely(tcp_transmit_skb(sk, skb, 1, gfp)))
break;
/* Advance the send_head. This one is sent out.
* This call will increment packets_out.
*/
tcp_event_new_data_sent(sk, skb);
tcp_minshall_update(tp, mss_now, skb);
sent_pkts++;
if (push_one)
break;
}
if (likely(sent_pkts)) {
tcp_cwnd_validate(sk);
return 0;
}
return !tp->packets_out && tcp_send_head(sk);
}
/* Push out any pending frames which were held back due to
* TCP_CORK or attempt at coalescing tiny packets.
* The socket must be locked by the caller.
*/
void __tcp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, unsigned int cur_mss,
int nonagle)
{
/* If we are closed, the bytes will have to remain here.
* In time closedown will finish, we empty the write queue and
* all will be happy.
*/
if (unlikely(sk->sk_state == TCP_CLOSE))
return;
if (tcp_write_xmit(sk, cur_mss, nonagle, 0, GFP_ATOMIC))
tcp_check_probe_timer(sk);
}
/* Send _single_ skb sitting at the send head. This function requires
* true push pending frames to setup probe timer etc.
*/
void tcp_push_one(struct sock *sk, unsigned int mss_now)
{
struct sk_buff *skb = tcp_send_head(sk);
BUG_ON(!skb || skb->len < mss_now);
tcp_write_xmit(sk, mss_now, TCP_NAGLE_PUSH, 1, sk->sk_allocation);
}
/* This function returns the amount that we can raise the
* usable window based on the following constraints
*
* 1. The window can never be shrunk once it is offered (RFC 793)
* 2. We limit memory per socket
*
* RFC 1122:
* "the suggested [SWS] avoidance algorithm for the receiver is to keep
* RECV.NEXT + RCV.WIN fixed until:
* RCV.BUFF - RCV.USER - RCV.WINDOW >= min(1/2 RCV.BUFF, MSS)"
*
* i.e. don't raise the right edge of the window until you can raise
* it at least MSS bytes.
*
* Unfortunately, the recommended algorithm breaks header prediction,
* since header prediction assumes th->window stays fixed.
*
* Strictly speaking, keeping th->window fixed violates the receiver
* side SWS prevention criteria. The problem is that under this rule
* a stream of single byte packets will cause the right side of the
* window to always advance by a single byte.
*
* Of course, if the sender implements sender side SWS prevention
* then this will not be a problem.
*
* BSD seems to make the following compromise:
*
* If the free space is less than the 1/4 of the maximum
* space available and the free space is less than 1/2 mss,
* then set the window to 0.
* [ Actually, bsd uses MSS and 1/4 of maximal _window_ ]
* Otherwise, just prevent the window from shrinking
* and from being larger than the largest representable value.
*
* This prevents incremental opening of the window in the regime
* where TCP is limited by the speed of the reader side taking
* data out of the TCP receive queue. It does nothing about
* those cases where the window is constrained on the sender side
* because the pipeline is full.
*
* BSD also seems to "accidentally" limit itself to windows that are a
* multiple of MSS, at least until the free space gets quite small.
* This would appear to be a side effect of the mbuf implementation.
* Combining these two algorithms results in the observed behavior
* of having a fixed window size at almost all times.
*
* Below we obtain similar behavior by forcing the offered window to
* a multiple of the mss when it is feasible to do so.
*
* Note, we don't "adjust" for TIMESTAMP or SACK option bytes.
* Regular options like TIMESTAMP are taken into account.
*/
u32 __tcp_select_window(struct sock *sk)
{
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
/* MSS for the peer's data. Previous versions used mss_clamp
* here. I don't know if the value based on our guesses
* of peer's MSS is better for the performance. It's more correct
* but may be worse for the performance because of rcv_mss
* fluctuations. --SAW 1998/11/1
*/
int mss = icsk->icsk_ack.rcv_mss;
int free_space = tcp_space(sk);
int full_space = min_t(int, tp->window_clamp, tcp_full_space(sk));
int window;
if (mss > full_space)
mss = full_space;
if (free_space < (full_space >> 1)) {
icsk->icsk_ack.quick = 0;
if (tcp_memory_pressure)
tp->rcv_ssthresh = min(tp->rcv_ssthresh,
4U * tp->advmss);
if (free_space < mss)
return 0;
}
if (free_space > tp->rcv_ssthresh)
free_space = tp->rcv_ssthresh;
/* Don't do rounding if we are using window scaling, since the
* scaled window will not line up with the MSS boundary anyway.
*/
window = tp->rcv_wnd;
if (tp->rx_opt.rcv_wscale) {
window = free_space;
/* Advertise enough space so that it won't get scaled away.
* Import case: prevent zero window announcement if
* 1<<rcv_wscale > mss.
*/
if (((window >> tp->rx_opt.rcv_wscale) << tp->rx_opt.rcv_wscale) != window)
window = (((window >> tp->rx_opt.rcv_wscale) + 1)
<< tp->rx_opt.rcv_wscale);
} else {
/* Get the largest window that is a nice multiple of mss.
* Window clamp already applied above.
* If our current window offering is within 1 mss of the
* free space we just keep it. This prevents the divide
* and multiply from happening most of the time.
* We also don't do any window rounding when the free space
* is too small.
*/
if (window <= free_space - mss || window > free_space)
window = (free_space / mss) * mss;
else if (mss == full_space &&
free_space > window + (full_space >> 1))
window = free_space;
}
return window;
}
/* Collapses two adjacent SKB's during retransmission. */
static void tcp_collapse_retrans(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct sk_buff *next_skb = tcp_write_queue_next(sk, skb);
int skb_size, next_skb_size;
skb_size = skb->len;
next_skb_size = next_skb->len;
BUG_ON(tcp_skb_pcount(skb) != 1 || tcp_skb_pcount(next_skb) != 1);
tcp_highest_sack_combine(sk, next_skb, skb);
tcp_unlink_write_queue(next_skb, sk);
skb_copy_from_linear_data(next_skb, skb_put(skb, next_skb_size),
next_skb_size);
if (next_skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL)
skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL;
if (skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_PARTIAL)
skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, next_skb->csum, skb_size);
/* Update sequence range on original skb. */
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq = TCP_SKB_CB(next_skb)->end_seq;
/* Merge over control information. This moves PSH/FIN etc. over */
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags |= TCP_SKB_CB(next_skb)->flags;
/* All done, get rid of second SKB and account for it so
* packet counting does not break.
*/
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked |= TCP_SKB_CB(next_skb)->sacked & TCPCB_EVER_RETRANS;
/* changed transmit queue under us so clear hints */
tcp_clear_retrans_hints_partial(tp);
if (next_skb == tp->retransmit_skb_hint)
tp->retransmit_skb_hint = skb;
tcp_adjust_pcount(sk, next_skb, tcp_skb_pcount(next_skb));
sk_wmem_free_skb(sk, next_skb);
}
/* Check if coalescing SKBs is legal. */
static int tcp_can_collapse(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
if (tcp_skb_pcount(skb) > 1)
return 0;
/* TODO: SACK collapsing could be used to remove this condition */
if (skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags != 0)
return 0;
if (skb_cloned(skb))
return 0;
if (skb == tcp_send_head(sk))
return 0;
/* Some heurestics for collapsing over SACK'd could be invented */
if (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked & TCPCB_SACKED_ACKED)
return 0;
return 1;
}
/* Collapse packets in the retransmit queue to make to create
* less packets on the wire. This is only done on retransmission.
*/
static void tcp_retrans_try_collapse(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *to,
int space)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct sk_buff *skb = to, *tmp;
int first = 1;
if (!sysctl_tcp_retrans_collapse)
return;
if (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags & TCPHDR_SYN)
return;
tcp_for_write_queue_from_safe(skb, tmp, sk) {
if (!tcp_can_collapse(sk, skb))
break;
space -= skb->len;
if (first) {
first = 0;
continue;
}
if (space < 0)
break;
/* Punt if not enough space exists in the first SKB for
* the data in the second
*/
if (skb->len > skb_tailroom(to))
break;
if (after(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq, tcp_wnd_end(tp)))
break;
tcp_collapse_retrans(sk, to);
}
}
/* This retransmits one SKB. Policy decisions and retransmit queue
* state updates are done by the caller. Returns non-zero if an
* error occurred which prevented the send.
*/
int tcp_retransmit_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
unsigned int cur_mss;
int err;
/* Inconslusive MTU probe */
if (icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size) {
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size = 0;
}
/* Do not sent more than we queued. 1/4 is reserved for possible
* copying overhead: fragmentation, tunneling, mangling etc.
*/
if (atomic_read(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc) >
min(sk->sk_wmem_queued + (sk->sk_wmem_queued >> 2), sk->sk_sndbuf))
return -EAGAIN;
if (before(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq, tp->snd_una)) {
if (before(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq, tp->snd_una))
BUG();
if (tcp_trim_head(sk, skb, tp->snd_una - TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq))
return -ENOMEM;
}
if (inet_csk(sk)->icsk_af_ops->rebuild_header(sk))
return -EHOSTUNREACH; /* Routing failure or similar. */
cur_mss = tcp_current_mss(sk);
/* If receiver has shrunk his window, and skb is out of
* new window, do not retransmit it. The exception is the
* case, when window is shrunk to zero. In this case
* our retransmit serves as a zero window probe.
*/
if (!before(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq, tcp_wnd_end(tp)) &&
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq != tp->snd_una)
return -EAGAIN;
if (skb->len > cur_mss) {
if (tcp_fragment(sk, skb, cur_mss, cur_mss))
return -ENOMEM; /* We'll try again later. */
} else {
int oldpcount = tcp_skb_pcount(skb);
if (unlikely(oldpcount > 1)) {
tcp_init_tso_segs(sk, skb, cur_mss);
tcp_adjust_pcount(sk, skb, oldpcount - tcp_skb_pcount(skb));
}
}
tcp_retrans_try_collapse(sk, skb, cur_mss);
/* Some Solaris stacks overoptimize and ignore the FIN on a
* retransmit when old data is attached. So strip it off
* since it is cheap to do so and saves bytes on the network.
*/
if (skb->len > 0 &&
(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags & TCPHDR_FIN) &&
tp->snd_una == (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq - 1)) {
if (!pskb_trim(skb, 0)) {
/* Reuse, even though it does some unnecessary work */
tcp_init_nondata_skb(skb, TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq - 1,
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags);
skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE;
}
}
/* Make a copy, if the first transmission SKB clone we made
* is still in somebody's hands, else make a clone.
*/
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->when = tcp_time_stamp;
err = tcp_transmit_skb(sk, skb, 1, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (err == 0) {
/* Update global TCP statistics. */
TCP_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), TCP_MIB_RETRANSSEGS);
tp->total_retrans++;
#if FASTRETRANS_DEBUG > 0
if (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked & TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS) {
if (net_ratelimit())
printk(KERN_DEBUG "retrans_out leaked.\n");
}
#endif
if (!tp->retrans_out)
tp->lost_retrans_low = tp->snd_nxt;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked |= TCPCB_RETRANS;
tp->retrans_out += tcp_skb_pcount(skb);
/* Save stamp of the first retransmit. */
if (!tp->retrans_stamp)
tp->retrans_stamp = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->when;
tp->undo_retrans += tcp_skb_pcount(skb);
/* snd_nxt is stored to detect loss of retransmitted segment,
* see tcp_input.c tcp_sacktag_write_queue().
*/
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->ack_seq = tp->snd_nxt;
}
return err;
}
/* Check if we forward retransmits are possible in the current
* window/congestion state.
*/
static int tcp_can_forward_retransmit(struct sock *sk)
{
const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
/* Forward retransmissions are possible only during Recovery. */
if (icsk->icsk_ca_state != TCP_CA_Recovery)
return 0;
/* No forward retransmissions in Reno are possible. */
if (tcp_is_reno(tp))
return 0;
/* Yeah, we have to make difficult choice between forward transmission
* and retransmission... Both ways have their merits...
*
* For now we do not retransmit anything, while we have some new
* segments to send. In the other cases, follow rule 3 for
* NextSeg() specified in RFC3517.
*/
if (tcp_may_send_now(sk))
return 0;
return 1;
}
/* This gets called after a retransmit timeout, and the initially
* retransmitted data is acknowledged. It tries to continue
* resending the rest of the retransmit queue, until either
* we've sent it all or the congestion window limit is reached.
* If doing SACK, the first ACK which comes back for a timeout
* based retransmit packet might feed us FACK information again.
* If so, we use it to avoid unnecessarily retransmissions.
*/
void tcp_xmit_retransmit_queue(struct sock *sk)
{
const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct sk_buff *skb;
struct sk_buff *hole = NULL;
u32 last_lost;
int mib_idx;
int fwd_rexmitting = 0;
if (!tp->packets_out)
return;
if (!tp->lost_out)
tp->retransmit_high = tp->snd_una;
if (tp->retransmit_skb_hint) {
skb = tp->retransmit_skb_hint;
last_lost = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq;
if (after(last_lost, tp->retransmit_high))
last_lost = tp->retransmit_high;
} else {
skb = tcp_write_queue_head(sk);
last_lost = tp->snd_una;
}
tcp_for_write_queue_from(skb, sk) {
__u8 sacked = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked;
if (skb == tcp_send_head(sk))
break;
/* we could do better than to assign each time */
if (hole == NULL)
tp->retransmit_skb_hint = skb;
/* Assume this retransmit will generate
* only one packet for congestion window
* calculation purposes. This works because
* tcp_retransmit_skb() will chop up the
* packet to be MSS sized and all the
* packet counting works out.
*/
if (tcp_packets_in_flight(tp) >= tp->snd_cwnd)
return;
if (fwd_rexmitting) {
begin_fwd:
if (!before(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq, tcp_highest_sack_seq(tp)))
break;
mib_idx = LINUX_MIB_TCPFORWARDRETRANS;
} else if (!before(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq, tp->retransmit_high)) {
tp->retransmit_high = last_lost;
if (!tcp_can_forward_retransmit(sk))
break;
/* Backtrack if necessary to non-L'ed skb */
if (hole != NULL) {
skb = hole;
hole = NULL;
}
fwd_rexmitting = 1;
goto begin_fwd;
} else if (!(sacked & TCPCB_LOST)) {
if (hole == NULL && !(sacked & (TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS|TCPCB_SACKED_ACKED)))
hole = skb;
continue;
} else {
last_lost = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq;
if (icsk->icsk_ca_state != TCP_CA_Loss)
mib_idx = LINUX_MIB_TCPFASTRETRANS;
else
mib_idx = LINUX_MIB_TCPSLOWSTARTRETRANS;
}
if (sacked & (TCPCB_SACKED_ACKED|TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS))
continue;
if (tcp_retransmit_skb(sk, skb))
return;
NET_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), mib_idx);
if (skb == tcp_write_queue_head(sk))
inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_RETRANS,
inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto,
TCP_RTO_MAX);
}
}
/* Send a fin. The caller locks the socket for us. This cannot be
* allowed to fail queueing a FIN frame under any circumstances.
*/
void tcp_send_fin(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct sk_buff *skb = tcp_write_queue_tail(sk);
int mss_now;
/* Optimization, tack on the FIN if we have a queue of
* unsent frames. But be careful about outgoing SACKS
* and IP options.
*/
mss_now = tcp_current_mss(sk);
if (tcp_send_head(sk) != NULL) {
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags |= TCPHDR_FIN;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq++;
tp->write_seq++;
} else {
/* Socket is locked, keep trying until memory is available. */
for (;;) {
skb = alloc_skb_fclone(MAX_TCP_HEADER,
sk->sk_allocation);
if (skb)
break;
yield();
}
/* Reserve space for headers and prepare control bits. */
skb_reserve(skb, MAX_TCP_HEADER);
/* FIN eats a sequence byte, write_seq advanced by tcp_queue_skb(). */
tcp_init_nondata_skb(skb, tp->write_seq,
TCPHDR_ACK | TCPHDR_FIN);
tcp_queue_skb(sk, skb);
}
__tcp_push_pending_frames(sk, mss_now, TCP_NAGLE_OFF);
}
/* We get here when a process closes a file descriptor (either due to
* an explicit close() or as a byproduct of exit()'ing) and there
* was unread data in the receive queue. This behavior is recommended
* by RFC 2525, section 2.17. -DaveM
*/
void tcp_send_active_reset(struct sock *sk, gfp_t priority)
{
struct sk_buff *skb;
/* NOTE: No TCP options attached and we never retransmit this. */
skb = alloc_skb(MAX_TCP_HEADER, priority);
if (!skb) {
NET_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_TCPABORTFAILED);
return;
}
/* Reserve space for headers and prepare control bits. */
skb_reserve(skb, MAX_TCP_HEADER);
tcp_init_nondata_skb(skb, tcp_acceptable_seq(sk),
TCPHDR_ACK | TCPHDR_RST);
/* Send it off. */
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->when = tcp_time_stamp;
if (tcp_transmit_skb(sk, skb, 0, priority))
NET_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_TCPABORTFAILED);
TCP_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), TCP_MIB_OUTRSTS);
}
/* Send a crossed SYN-ACK during socket establishment.
* WARNING: This routine must only be called when we have already sent
* a SYN packet that crossed the incoming SYN that caused this routine
* to get called. If this assumption fails then the initial rcv_wnd
* and rcv_wscale values will not be correct.
*/
int tcp_send_synack(struct sock *sk)
{
struct sk_buff *skb;
skb = tcp_write_queue_head(sk);
if (skb == NULL || !(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags & TCPHDR_SYN)) {
printk(KERN_DEBUG "tcp_send_synack: wrong queue state\n");
return -EFAULT;
}
if (!(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags & TCPHDR_ACK)) {
if (skb_cloned(skb)) {
struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_copy(skb, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (nskb == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
tcp_unlink_write_queue(skb, sk);
skb_header_release(nskb);
__tcp_add_write_queue_head(sk, nskb);
sk_wmem_free_skb(sk, skb);
sk->sk_wmem_queued += nskb->truesize;
sk_mem_charge(sk, nskb->truesize);
skb = nskb;
}
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags |= TCPHDR_ACK;
TCP_ECN_send_synack(tcp_sk(sk), skb);
}
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->when = tcp_time_stamp;
return tcp_transmit_skb(sk, skb, 1, GFP_ATOMIC);
}
/* Prepare a SYN-ACK. */
struct sk_buff *tcp_make_synack(struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst,
struct request_sock *req,
struct request_values *rvp)
{
struct tcp_out_options opts;
struct tcp_extend_values *xvp = tcp_xv(rvp);
struct inet_request_sock *ireq = inet_rsk(req);
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
const struct tcp_cookie_values *cvp = tp->cookie_values;
struct tcphdr *th;
struct sk_buff *skb;
struct tcp_md5sig_key *md5;
int tcp_header_size;
int mss;
int s_data_desired = 0;
if (cvp != NULL && cvp->s_data_constant && cvp->s_data_desired)
s_data_desired = cvp->s_data_desired;
skb = sock_wmalloc(sk, MAX_TCP_HEADER + 15 + s_data_desired, 1, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (skb == NULL)
return NULL;
/* Reserve space for headers. */
skb_reserve(skb, MAX_TCP_HEADER);
skb_dst_set(skb, dst_clone(dst));
mss = dst_metric_advmss(dst);
if (tp->rx_opt.user_mss && tp->rx_opt.user_mss < mss)
mss = tp->rx_opt.user_mss;
if (req->rcv_wnd == 0) { /* ignored for retransmitted syns */
__u8 rcv_wscale;
/* Set this up on the first call only */
req->window_clamp = tp->window_clamp ? : dst_metric(dst, RTAX_WINDOW);
/* limit the window selection if the user enforce a smaller rx buffer */
if (sk->sk_userlocks & SOCK_RCVBUF_LOCK &&
(req->window_clamp > tcp_full_space(sk) || req->window_clamp == 0))
req->window_clamp = tcp_full_space(sk);
/* tcp_full_space because it is guaranteed to be the first packet */
tcp_select_initial_window(tcp_full_space(sk),
mss - (ireq->tstamp_ok ? TCPOLEN_TSTAMP_ALIGNED : 0),
&req->rcv_wnd,
&req->window_clamp,
ireq->wscale_ok,
&rcv_wscale,
dst_metric(dst, RTAX_INITRWND));
ireq->rcv_wscale = rcv_wscale;
}
memset(&opts, 0, sizeof(opts));
#ifdef CONFIG_SYN_COOKIES
if (unlikely(req->cookie_ts))
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->when = cookie_init_timestamp(req);
else
#endif
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->when = tcp_time_stamp;
tcp_header_size = tcp_synack_options(sk, req, mss,
skb, &opts, &md5, xvp)
+ sizeof(*th);
skb_push(skb, tcp_header_size);
skb_reset_transport_header(skb);
th = tcp_hdr(skb);
memset(th, 0, sizeof(struct tcphdr));
th->syn = 1;
th->ack = 1;
TCP_ECN_make_synack(req, th);
th->source = ireq->loc_port;
th->dest = ireq->rmt_port;
/* Setting of flags are superfluous here for callers (and ECE is
* not even correctly set)
*/
tcp_init_nondata_skb(skb, tcp_rsk(req)->snt_isn,
TCPHDR_SYN | TCPHDR_ACK);
if (OPTION_COOKIE_EXTENSION & opts.options) {
if (s_data_desired) {
u8 *buf = skb_put(skb, s_data_desired);
/* copy data directly from the listening socket. */
memcpy(buf, cvp->s_data_payload, s_data_desired);
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq += s_data_desired;
}
if (opts.hash_size > 0) {
__u32 workspace[SHA_WORKSPACE_WORDS];
u32 *mess = &xvp->cookie_bakery[COOKIE_DIGEST_WORDS];
u32 *tail = &mess[COOKIE_MESSAGE_WORDS-1];
/* Secret recipe depends on the Timestamp, (future)
* Sequence and Acknowledgment Numbers, Initiator
* Cookie, and others handled by IP variant caller.
*/
*tail-- ^= opts.tsval;
*tail-- ^= tcp_rsk(req)->rcv_isn + 1;
*tail-- ^= TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq + 1;
/* recommended */
*tail-- ^= (((__force u32)th->dest << 16) | (__force u32)th->source);
*tail-- ^= (u32)(unsigned long)cvp; /* per sockopt */
sha_transform((__u32 *)&xvp->cookie_bakery[0],
(char *)mess,
&workspace[0]);
opts.hash_location =
(__u8 *)&xvp->cookie_bakery[0];
}
}
th->seq = htonl(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq);
th->ack_seq = htonl(tcp_rsk(req)->rcv_isn + 1);
/* RFC1323: The window in SYN & SYN/ACK segments is never scaled. */
th->window = htons(min(req->rcv_wnd, 65535U));
tcp_options_write((__be32 *)(th + 1), tp, &opts);
th->doff = (tcp_header_size >> 2);
TCP_ADD_STATS(sock_net(sk), TCP_MIB_OUTSEGS, tcp_skb_pcount(skb));
#ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG
/* Okay, we have all we need - do the md5 hash if needed */
if (md5) {
tcp_rsk(req)->af_specific->calc_md5_hash(opts.hash_location,
md5, NULL, req, skb);
}
#endif
return skb;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_make_synack);
/* Do all connect socket setups that can be done AF independent. */
static void tcp_connect_init(struct sock *sk)
{
struct dst_entry *dst = __sk_dst_get(sk);
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
__u8 rcv_wscale;
/* We'll fix this up when we get a response from the other end.
* See tcp_input.c:tcp_rcv_state_process case TCP_SYN_SENT.
*/
tp->tcp_header_len = sizeof(struct tcphdr) +
(sysctl_tcp_timestamps ? TCPOLEN_TSTAMP_ALIGNED : 0);
#ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG
if (tp->af_specific->md5_lookup(sk, sk) != NULL)
tp->tcp_header_len += TCPOLEN_MD5SIG_ALIGNED;
#endif
/* If user gave his TCP_MAXSEG, record it to clamp */
if (tp->rx_opt.user_mss)
tp->rx_opt.mss_clamp = tp->rx_opt.user_mss;
tp->max_window = 0;
tcp_mtup_init(sk);
tcp_sync_mss(sk, dst_mtu(dst));
if (!tp->window_clamp)
tp->window_clamp = dst_metric(dst, RTAX_WINDOW);
tp->advmss = dst_metric_advmss(dst);
if (tp->rx_opt.user_mss && tp->rx_opt.user_mss < tp->advmss)
tp->advmss = tp->rx_opt.user_mss;
tcp_initialize_rcv_mss(sk);
/* limit the window selection if the user enforce a smaller rx buffer */
if (sk->sk_userlocks & SOCK_RCVBUF_LOCK &&
(tp->window_clamp > tcp_full_space(sk) || tp->window_clamp == 0))
tp->window_clamp = tcp_full_space(sk);
tcp_select_initial_window(tcp_full_space(sk),
tp->advmss - (tp->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp ? tp->tcp_header_len - sizeof(struct tcphdr) : 0),
&tp->rcv_wnd,
&tp->window_clamp,
sysctl_tcp_window_scaling,
&rcv_wscale,
dst_metric(dst, RTAX_INITRWND));
tp->rx_opt.rcv_wscale = rcv_wscale;
tp->rcv_ssthresh = tp->rcv_wnd;
sk->sk_err = 0;
sock_reset_flag(sk, SOCK_DONE);
tp->snd_wnd = 0;
tcp_init_wl(tp, 0);
tp->snd_una = tp->write_seq;
tp->snd_sml = tp->write_seq;
tp->snd_up = tp->write_seq;
tp->rcv_nxt = 0;
tp->rcv_wup = 0;
tp->copied_seq = 0;
inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto = TCP_TIMEOUT_INIT;
inet_csk(sk)->icsk_retransmits = 0;
tcp_clear_retrans(tp);
}
/* Build a SYN and send it off. */
int tcp_connect(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct sk_buff *buff;
int err;
tcp_connect_init(sk);
buff = alloc_skb_fclone(MAX_TCP_HEADER + 15, sk->sk_allocation);
if (unlikely(buff == NULL))
return -ENOBUFS;
/* Reserve space for headers. */
skb_reserve(buff, MAX_TCP_HEADER);
tp->snd_nxt = tp->write_seq;
tcp_init_nondata_skb(buff, tp->write_seq++, TCPHDR_SYN);
TCP_ECN_send_syn(sk, buff);
/* Send it off. */
TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->when = tcp_time_stamp;
tp->retrans_stamp = TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->when;
skb_header_release(buff);
__tcp_add_write_queue_tail(sk, buff);
sk->sk_wmem_queued += buff->truesize;
sk_mem_charge(sk, buff->truesize);
tp->packets_out += tcp_skb_pcount(buff);
err = tcp_transmit_skb(sk, buff, 1, sk->sk_allocation);
if (err == -ECONNREFUSED)
return err;
/* We change tp->snd_nxt after the tcp_transmit_skb() call
* in order to make this packet get counted in tcpOutSegs.
*/
tp->snd_nxt = tp->write_seq;
tp->pushed_seq = tp->write_seq;
TCP_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), TCP_MIB_ACTIVEOPENS);
/* Timer for repeating the SYN until an answer. */
inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_RETRANS,
inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto, TCP_RTO_MAX);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_connect);
/* Send out a delayed ack, the caller does the policy checking
* to see if we should even be here. See tcp_input.c:tcp_ack_snd_check()
* for details.
*/
void tcp_send_delayed_ack(struct sock *sk)
{
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
int ato = icsk->icsk_ack.ato;
unsigned long timeout;
if (ato > TCP_DELACK_MIN) {
const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
int max_ato = HZ / 2;
if (icsk->icsk_ack.pingpong ||
(icsk->icsk_ack.pending & ICSK_ACK_PUSHED))
max_ato = TCP_DELACK_MAX;
/* Slow path, intersegment interval is "high". */
/* If some rtt estimate is known, use it to bound delayed ack.
* Do not use inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto here, use results of rtt measurements
* directly.
*/
if (tp->srtt) {
int rtt = max(tp->srtt >> 3, TCP_DELACK_MIN);
if (rtt < max_ato)
max_ato = rtt;
}
ato = min(ato, max_ato);
}
/* Stay within the limit we were given */
timeout = jiffies + ato;
/* Use new timeout only if there wasn't a older one earlier. */
if (icsk->icsk_ack.pending & ICSK_ACK_TIMER) {
/* If delack timer was blocked or is about to expire,
* send ACK now.
*/
if (icsk->icsk_ack.blocked ||
time_before_eq(icsk->icsk_ack.timeout, jiffies + (ato >> 2))) {
tcp_send_ack(sk);
return;
}
if (!time_before(timeout, icsk->icsk_ack.timeout))
timeout = icsk->icsk_ack.timeout;
}
icsk->icsk_ack.pending |= ICSK_ACK_SCHED | ICSK_ACK_TIMER;
icsk->icsk_ack.timeout = timeout;
sk_reset_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_delack_timer, timeout);
}
/* This routine sends an ack and also updates the window. */
void tcp_send_ack(struct sock *sk)
{
struct sk_buff *buff;
/* If we have been reset, we may not send again. */
if (sk->sk_state == TCP_CLOSE)
return;
/* We are not putting this on the write queue, so
* tcp_transmit_skb() will set the ownership to this
* sock.
*/
buff = alloc_skb(MAX_TCP_HEADER, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (buff == NULL) {
inet_csk_schedule_ack(sk);
inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.ato = TCP_ATO_MIN;
inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_DACK,
TCP_DELACK_MAX, TCP_RTO_MAX);
return;
}
/* Reserve space for headers and prepare control bits. */
skb_reserve(buff, MAX_TCP_HEADER);
tcp_init_nondata_skb(buff, tcp_acceptable_seq(sk), TCPHDR_ACK);
/* Send it off, this clears delayed acks for us. */
TCP_SKB_CB(buff)->when = tcp_time_stamp;
tcp_transmit_skb(sk, buff, 0, GFP_ATOMIC);
}
/* This routine sends a packet with an out of date sequence
* number. It assumes the other end will try to ack it.
*
* Question: what should we make while urgent mode?
* 4.4BSD forces sending single byte of data. We cannot send
* out of window data, because we have SND.NXT==SND.MAX...
*
* Current solution: to send TWO zero-length segments in urgent mode:
* one is with SEG.SEQ=SND.UNA to deliver urgent pointer, another is
* out-of-date with SND.UNA-1 to probe window.
*/
static int tcp_xmit_probe_skb(struct sock *sk, int urgent)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct sk_buff *skb;
/* We don't queue it, tcp_transmit_skb() sets ownership. */
skb = alloc_skb(MAX_TCP_HEADER, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (skb == NULL)
return -1;