mm owner: fix race between swapoff and exit

There's a race between mm->owner assignment and swapoff, more easily
seen when task slab poisoning is turned on.  The condition occurs when
try_to_unuse() runs in parallel with an exiting task.  A similar race
can occur with callers of get_task_mm(), such as /proc/<pid>/<mmstats>
or ptrace or page migration.

CPU0                                    CPU1
                                        looks at mm = task0->mm
                                        increments mm->mm_users
task 0 exits
mm->owner needs to be updated, but no
new owner is found (mm_users > 1, but
no other task has task->mm = task0->mm)
mm_update_next_owner() leaves
                                        mmput(mm) decrements mm->mm_users
task0 freed
                                        dereferencing mm->owner fails

The fix is to notify the subsystem via mm_owner_changed callback(),
if no new owner is found, by specifying the new task as NULL.

Jiri Slaby:
mm->owner was set to NULL prior to calling cgroup_mm_owner_callbacks(), but
must be set after that, so as not to pass NULL as old owner causing oops.

Daisuke Nishimura:
mm_update_next_owner() may set mm->owner to NULL, but mem_cgroup_from_task()
and its callers need to take account of this situation to avoid oops.

Hugh Dickins:
Lockdep warning and hang below exec_mmap() when testing these patches.
exit_mm() up_reads mmap_sem before calling mm_update_next_owner(),
so exec_mmap() now needs to do the same.  And with that repositioning,
there's now no point in mm_need_new_owner() allowing for NULL mm.

Reported-by: Hugh Dickins <>
Signed-off-by: Balbir Singh <>
Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <>
Signed-off-by: Daisuke Nishimura <>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <>
Cc: Paul Menage <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
4 files changed