blob: 003618e324ce4bd584458ffbf3b5de6d32635d4e [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* Kernel-based Virtual Machine driver for Linux
*
* This module enables machines with Intel VT-x extensions to run virtual
* machines without emulation or binary translation.
*
* Copyright (C) 2006 Qumranet, Inc.
* Copyright 2010 Red Hat, Inc. and/or its affiliates.
*
* Authors:
* Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com>
* Yaniv Kamay <yaniv@qumranet.com>
*
* This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2. See
* the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
*
*/
#include "irq.h"
#include "mmu.h"
#include "cpuid.h"
#include "lapic.h"
#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
#include <linux/trace_events.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/tboot.h>
#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
#include "kvm_cache_regs.h"
#include "x86.h"
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/vmx.h>
#include <asm/virtext.h>
#include <asm/mce.h>
#include <asm/fpu/internal.h>
#include <asm/perf_event.h>
#include <asm/debugreg.h>
#include <asm/kexec.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/irq_remapping.h>
#include "trace.h"
#include "pmu.h"
#define __ex(x) __kvm_handle_fault_on_reboot(x)
#define __ex_clear(x, reg) \
____kvm_handle_fault_on_reboot(x, "xor " reg " , " reg)
MODULE_AUTHOR("Qumranet");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
static const struct x86_cpu_id vmx_cpu_id[] = {
X86_FEATURE_MATCH(X86_FEATURE_VMX),
{}
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(x86cpu, vmx_cpu_id);
static bool __read_mostly enable_vpid = 1;
module_param_named(vpid, enable_vpid, bool, 0444);
static bool __read_mostly flexpriority_enabled = 1;
module_param_named(flexpriority, flexpriority_enabled, bool, S_IRUGO);
static bool __read_mostly enable_ept = 1;
module_param_named(ept, enable_ept, bool, S_IRUGO);
static bool __read_mostly enable_unrestricted_guest = 1;
module_param_named(unrestricted_guest,
enable_unrestricted_guest, bool, S_IRUGO);
static bool __read_mostly enable_ept_ad_bits = 1;
module_param_named(eptad, enable_ept_ad_bits, bool, S_IRUGO);
static bool __read_mostly emulate_invalid_guest_state = true;
module_param(emulate_invalid_guest_state, bool, S_IRUGO);
static bool __read_mostly vmm_exclusive = 1;
module_param(vmm_exclusive, bool, S_IRUGO);
static bool __read_mostly fasteoi = 1;
module_param(fasteoi, bool, S_IRUGO);
static bool __read_mostly enable_apicv = 1;
module_param(enable_apicv, bool, S_IRUGO);
static bool __read_mostly enable_shadow_vmcs = 1;
module_param_named(enable_shadow_vmcs, enable_shadow_vmcs, bool, S_IRUGO);
/*
* If nested=1, nested virtualization is supported, i.e., guests may use
* VMX and be a hypervisor for its own guests. If nested=0, guests may not
* use VMX instructions.
*/
static bool __read_mostly nested = 0;
module_param(nested, bool, S_IRUGO);
static u64 __read_mostly host_xss;
static bool __read_mostly enable_pml = 1;
module_param_named(pml, enable_pml, bool, S_IRUGO);
#define KVM_VMX_TSC_MULTIPLIER_MAX 0xffffffffffffffffULL
#define KVM_GUEST_CR0_MASK (X86_CR0_NW | X86_CR0_CD)
#define KVM_VM_CR0_ALWAYS_ON_UNRESTRICTED_GUEST (X86_CR0_WP | X86_CR0_NE)
#define KVM_VM_CR0_ALWAYS_ON \
(KVM_VM_CR0_ALWAYS_ON_UNRESTRICTED_GUEST | X86_CR0_PG | X86_CR0_PE)
#define KVM_CR4_GUEST_OWNED_BITS \
(X86_CR4_PVI | X86_CR4_DE | X86_CR4_PCE | X86_CR4_OSFXSR \
| X86_CR4_OSXMMEXCPT | X86_CR4_TSD)
#define KVM_PMODE_VM_CR4_ALWAYS_ON (X86_CR4_PAE | X86_CR4_VMXE)
#define KVM_RMODE_VM_CR4_ALWAYS_ON (X86_CR4_VME | X86_CR4_PAE | X86_CR4_VMXE)
#define RMODE_GUEST_OWNED_EFLAGS_BITS (~(X86_EFLAGS_IOPL | X86_EFLAGS_VM))
#define VMX_MISC_EMULATED_PREEMPTION_TIMER_RATE 5
/*
* These 2 parameters are used to config the controls for Pause-Loop Exiting:
* ple_gap: upper bound on the amount of time between two successive
* executions of PAUSE in a loop. Also indicate if ple enabled.
* According to test, this time is usually smaller than 128 cycles.
* ple_window: upper bound on the amount of time a guest is allowed to execute
* in a PAUSE loop. Tests indicate that most spinlocks are held for
* less than 2^12 cycles
* Time is measured based on a counter that runs at the same rate as the TSC,
* refer SDM volume 3b section 21.6.13 & 22.1.3.
*/
#define KVM_VMX_DEFAULT_PLE_GAP 128
#define KVM_VMX_DEFAULT_PLE_WINDOW 4096
#define KVM_VMX_DEFAULT_PLE_WINDOW_GROW 2
#define KVM_VMX_DEFAULT_PLE_WINDOW_SHRINK 0
#define KVM_VMX_DEFAULT_PLE_WINDOW_MAX \
INT_MAX / KVM_VMX_DEFAULT_PLE_WINDOW_GROW
static int ple_gap = KVM_VMX_DEFAULT_PLE_GAP;
module_param(ple_gap, int, S_IRUGO);
static int ple_window = KVM_VMX_DEFAULT_PLE_WINDOW;
module_param(ple_window, int, S_IRUGO);
/* Default doubles per-vcpu window every exit. */
static int ple_window_grow = KVM_VMX_DEFAULT_PLE_WINDOW_GROW;
module_param(ple_window_grow, int, S_IRUGO);
/* Default resets per-vcpu window every exit to ple_window. */
static int ple_window_shrink = KVM_VMX_DEFAULT_PLE_WINDOW_SHRINK;
module_param(ple_window_shrink, int, S_IRUGO);
/* Default is to compute the maximum so we can never overflow. */
static int ple_window_actual_max = KVM_VMX_DEFAULT_PLE_WINDOW_MAX;
static int ple_window_max = KVM_VMX_DEFAULT_PLE_WINDOW_MAX;
module_param(ple_window_max, int, S_IRUGO);
extern const ulong vmx_return;
#define NR_AUTOLOAD_MSRS 8
#define VMCS02_POOL_SIZE 1
struct vmcs {
u32 revision_id;
u32 abort;
char data[0];
};
/*
* Track a VMCS that may be loaded on a certain CPU. If it is (cpu!=-1), also
* remember whether it was VMLAUNCHed, and maintain a linked list of all VMCSs
* loaded on this CPU (so we can clear them if the CPU goes down).
*/
struct loaded_vmcs {
struct vmcs *vmcs;
int cpu;
int launched;
struct list_head loaded_vmcss_on_cpu_link;
};
struct shared_msr_entry {
unsigned index;
u64 data;
u64 mask;
};
/*
* struct vmcs12 describes the state that our guest hypervisor (L1) keeps for a
* single nested guest (L2), hence the name vmcs12. Any VMX implementation has
* a VMCS structure, and vmcs12 is our emulated VMX's VMCS. This structure is
* stored in guest memory specified by VMPTRLD, but is opaque to the guest,
* which must access it using VMREAD/VMWRITE/VMCLEAR instructions.
* More than one of these structures may exist, if L1 runs multiple L2 guests.
* nested_vmx_run() will use the data here to build a vmcs02: a VMCS for the
* underlying hardware which will be used to run L2.
* This structure is packed to ensure that its layout is identical across
* machines (necessary for live migration).
* If there are changes in this struct, VMCS12_REVISION must be changed.
*/
typedef u64 natural_width;
struct __packed vmcs12 {
/* According to the Intel spec, a VMCS region must start with the
* following two fields. Then follow implementation-specific data.
*/
u32 revision_id;
u32 abort;
u32 launch_state; /* set to 0 by VMCLEAR, to 1 by VMLAUNCH */
u32 padding[7]; /* room for future expansion */
u64 io_bitmap_a;
u64 io_bitmap_b;
u64 msr_bitmap;
u64 vm_exit_msr_store_addr;
u64 vm_exit_msr_load_addr;
u64 vm_entry_msr_load_addr;
u64 tsc_offset;
u64 virtual_apic_page_addr;
u64 apic_access_addr;
u64 posted_intr_desc_addr;
u64 ept_pointer;
u64 eoi_exit_bitmap0;
u64 eoi_exit_bitmap1;
u64 eoi_exit_bitmap2;
u64 eoi_exit_bitmap3;
u64 xss_exit_bitmap;
u64 guest_physical_address;
u64 vmcs_link_pointer;
u64 guest_ia32_debugctl;
u64 guest_ia32_pat;
u64 guest_ia32_efer;
u64 guest_ia32_perf_global_ctrl;
u64 guest_pdptr0;
u64 guest_pdptr1;
u64 guest_pdptr2;
u64 guest_pdptr3;
u64 guest_bndcfgs;
u64 host_ia32_pat;
u64 host_ia32_efer;
u64 host_ia32_perf_global_ctrl;
u64 padding64[8]; /* room for future expansion */
/*
* To allow migration of L1 (complete with its L2 guests) between
* machines of different natural widths (32 or 64 bit), we cannot have
* unsigned long fields with no explict size. We use u64 (aliased
* natural_width) instead. Luckily, x86 is little-endian.
*/
natural_width cr0_guest_host_mask;
natural_width cr4_guest_host_mask;
natural_width cr0_read_shadow;
natural_width cr4_read_shadow;
natural_width cr3_target_value0;
natural_width cr3_target_value1;
natural_width cr3_target_value2;
natural_width cr3_target_value3;
natural_width exit_qualification;
natural_width guest_linear_address;
natural_width guest_cr0;
natural_width guest_cr3;
natural_width guest_cr4;
natural_width guest_es_base;
natural_width guest_cs_base;
natural_width guest_ss_base;
natural_width guest_ds_base;
natural_width guest_fs_base;
natural_width guest_gs_base;
natural_width guest_ldtr_base;
natural_width guest_tr_base;
natural_width guest_gdtr_base;
natural_width guest_idtr_base;
natural_width guest_dr7;
natural_width guest_rsp;
natural_width guest_rip;
natural_width guest_rflags;
natural_width guest_pending_dbg_exceptions;
natural_width guest_sysenter_esp;
natural_width guest_sysenter_eip;
natural_width host_cr0;
natural_width host_cr3;
natural_width host_cr4;
natural_width host_fs_base;
natural_width host_gs_base;
natural_width host_tr_base;
natural_width host_gdtr_base;
natural_width host_idtr_base;
natural_width host_ia32_sysenter_esp;
natural_width host_ia32_sysenter_eip;
natural_width host_rsp;
natural_width host_rip;
natural_width paddingl[8]; /* room for future expansion */
u32 pin_based_vm_exec_control;
u32 cpu_based_vm_exec_control;
u32 exception_bitmap;
u32 page_fault_error_code_mask;
u32 page_fault_error_code_match;
u32 cr3_target_count;
u32 vm_exit_controls;
u32 vm_exit_msr_store_count;
u32 vm_exit_msr_load_count;
u32 vm_entry_controls;
u32 vm_entry_msr_load_count;
u32 vm_entry_intr_info_field;
u32 vm_entry_exception_error_code;
u32 vm_entry_instruction_len;
u32 tpr_threshold;
u32 secondary_vm_exec_control;
u32 vm_instruction_error;
u32 vm_exit_reason;
u32 vm_exit_intr_info;
u32 vm_exit_intr_error_code;
u32 idt_vectoring_info_field;
u32 idt_vectoring_error_code;
u32 vm_exit_instruction_len;
u32 vmx_instruction_info;
u32 guest_es_limit;
u32 guest_cs_limit;
u32 guest_ss_limit;
u32 guest_ds_limit;
u32 guest_fs_limit;
u32 guest_gs_limit;
u32 guest_ldtr_limit;
u32 guest_tr_limit;
u32 guest_gdtr_limit;
u32 guest_idtr_limit;
u32 guest_es_ar_bytes;
u32 guest_cs_ar_bytes;
u32 guest_ss_ar_bytes;
u32 guest_ds_ar_bytes;
u32 guest_fs_ar_bytes;
u32 guest_gs_ar_bytes;
u32 guest_ldtr_ar_bytes;
u32 guest_tr_ar_bytes;
u32 guest_interruptibility_info;
u32 guest_activity_state;
u32 guest_sysenter_cs;
u32 host_ia32_sysenter_cs;
u32 vmx_preemption_timer_value;
u32 padding32[7]; /* room for future expansion */
u16 virtual_processor_id;
u16 posted_intr_nv;
u16 guest_es_selector;
u16 guest_cs_selector;
u16 guest_ss_selector;
u16 guest_ds_selector;
u16 guest_fs_selector;
u16 guest_gs_selector;
u16 guest_ldtr_selector;
u16 guest_tr_selector;
u16 guest_intr_status;
u16 host_es_selector;
u16 host_cs_selector;
u16 host_ss_selector;
u16 host_ds_selector;
u16 host_fs_selector;
u16 host_gs_selector;
u16 host_tr_selector;
};
/*
* VMCS12_REVISION is an arbitrary id that should be changed if the content or
* layout of struct vmcs12 is changed. MSR_IA32_VMX_BASIC returns this id, and
* VMPTRLD verifies that the VMCS region that L1 is loading contains this id.
*/
#define VMCS12_REVISION 0x11e57ed0
/*
* VMCS12_SIZE is the number of bytes L1 should allocate for the VMXON region
* and any VMCS region. Although only sizeof(struct vmcs12) are used by the
* current implementation, 4K are reserved to avoid future complications.
*/
#define VMCS12_SIZE 0x1000
/* Used to remember the last vmcs02 used for some recently used vmcs12s */
struct vmcs02_list {
struct list_head list;
gpa_t vmptr;
struct loaded_vmcs vmcs02;
};
/*
* The nested_vmx structure is part of vcpu_vmx, and holds information we need
* for correct emulation of VMX (i.e., nested VMX) on this vcpu.
*/
struct nested_vmx {
/* Has the level1 guest done vmxon? */
bool vmxon;
gpa_t vmxon_ptr;
/* The guest-physical address of the current VMCS L1 keeps for L2 */
gpa_t current_vmptr;
/* The host-usable pointer to the above */
struct page *current_vmcs12_page;
struct vmcs12 *current_vmcs12;
struct vmcs *current_shadow_vmcs;
/*
* Indicates if the shadow vmcs must be updated with the
* data hold by vmcs12
*/
bool sync_shadow_vmcs;
/* vmcs02_list cache of VMCSs recently used to run L2 guests */
struct list_head vmcs02_pool;
int vmcs02_num;
u64 vmcs01_tsc_offset;
/* L2 must run next, and mustn't decide to exit to L1. */
bool nested_run_pending;
/*
* Guest pages referred to in vmcs02 with host-physical pointers, so
* we must keep them pinned while L2 runs.
*/
struct page *apic_access_page;
struct page *virtual_apic_page;
struct page *pi_desc_page;
struct pi_desc *pi_desc;
bool pi_pending;
u16 posted_intr_nv;
u64 msr_ia32_feature_control;
struct hrtimer preemption_timer;
bool preemption_timer_expired;
/* to migrate it to L2 if VM_ENTRY_LOAD_DEBUG_CONTROLS is off */
u64 vmcs01_debugctl;
u16 vpid02;
u16 last_vpid;
u32 nested_vmx_procbased_ctls_low;
u32 nested_vmx_procbased_ctls_high;
u32 nested_vmx_true_procbased_ctls_low;
u32 nested_vmx_secondary_ctls_low;
u32 nested_vmx_secondary_ctls_high;
u32 nested_vmx_pinbased_ctls_low;
u32 nested_vmx_pinbased_ctls_high;
u32 nested_vmx_exit_ctls_low;
u32 nested_vmx_exit_ctls_high;
u32 nested_vmx_true_exit_ctls_low;
u32 nested_vmx_entry_ctls_low;
u32 nested_vmx_entry_ctls_high;
u32 nested_vmx_true_entry_ctls_low;
u32 nested_vmx_misc_low;
u32 nested_vmx_misc_high;
u32 nested_vmx_ept_caps;
u32 nested_vmx_vpid_caps;
};
#define POSTED_INTR_ON 0
#define POSTED_INTR_SN 1
/* Posted-Interrupt Descriptor */
struct pi_desc {
u32 pir[8]; /* Posted interrupt requested */
union {
struct {
/* bit 256 - Outstanding Notification */
u16 on : 1,
/* bit 257 - Suppress Notification */
sn : 1,
/* bit 271:258 - Reserved */
rsvd_1 : 14;
/* bit 279:272 - Notification Vector */
u8 nv;
/* bit 287:280 - Reserved */
u8 rsvd_2;
/* bit 319:288 - Notification Destination */
u32 ndst;
};
u64 control;
};
u32 rsvd[6];
} __aligned(64);
static bool pi_test_and_set_on(struct pi_desc *pi_desc)
{
return test_and_set_bit(POSTED_INTR_ON,
(unsigned long *)&pi_desc->control);
}
static bool pi_test_and_clear_on(struct pi_desc *pi_desc)
{
return test_and_clear_bit(POSTED_INTR_ON,
(unsigned long *)&pi_desc->control);
}
static int pi_test_and_set_pir(int vector, struct pi_desc *pi_desc)
{
return test_and_set_bit(vector, (unsigned long *)pi_desc->pir);
}
static inline void pi_clear_sn(struct pi_desc *pi_desc)
{
return clear_bit(POSTED_INTR_SN,
(unsigned long *)&pi_desc->control);
}
static inline void pi_set_sn(struct pi_desc *pi_desc)
{
return set_bit(POSTED_INTR_SN,
(unsigned long *)&pi_desc->control);
}
static inline int pi_test_on(struct pi_desc *pi_desc)
{
return test_bit(POSTED_INTR_ON,
(unsigned long *)&pi_desc->control);
}
static inline int pi_test_sn(struct pi_desc *pi_desc)
{
return test_bit(POSTED_INTR_SN,
(unsigned long *)&pi_desc->control);
}
struct vcpu_vmx {
struct kvm_vcpu vcpu;
unsigned long host_rsp;
u8 fail;
bool nmi_known_unmasked;
u32 exit_intr_info;
u32 idt_vectoring_info;
ulong rflags;
struct shared_msr_entry *guest_msrs;
int nmsrs;
int save_nmsrs;
unsigned long host_idt_base;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
u64 msr_host_kernel_gs_base;
u64 msr_guest_kernel_gs_base;
#endif
u32 vm_entry_controls_shadow;
u32 vm_exit_controls_shadow;
/*
* loaded_vmcs points to the VMCS currently used in this vcpu. For a
* non-nested (L1) guest, it always points to vmcs01. For a nested
* guest (L2), it points to a different VMCS.
*/
struct loaded_vmcs vmcs01;
struct loaded_vmcs *loaded_vmcs;
bool __launched; /* temporary, used in vmx_vcpu_run */
struct msr_autoload {
unsigned nr;
struct vmx_msr_entry guest[NR_AUTOLOAD_MSRS];
struct vmx_msr_entry host[NR_AUTOLOAD_MSRS];
} msr_autoload;
struct {
int loaded;
u16 fs_sel, gs_sel, ldt_sel;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
u16 ds_sel, es_sel;
#endif
int gs_ldt_reload_needed;
int fs_reload_needed;
u64 msr_host_bndcfgs;
unsigned long vmcs_host_cr4; /* May not match real cr4 */
} host_state;
struct {
int vm86_active;
ulong save_rflags;
struct kvm_segment segs[8];
} rmode;
struct {
u32 bitmask; /* 4 bits per segment (1 bit per field) */
struct kvm_save_segment {
u16 selector;
unsigned long base;
u32 limit;
u32 ar;
} seg[8];
} segment_cache;
int vpid;
bool emulation_required;
/* Support for vnmi-less CPUs */
int soft_vnmi_blocked;
ktime_t entry_time;
s64 vnmi_blocked_time;
u32 exit_reason;
/* Posted interrupt descriptor */
struct pi_desc pi_desc;
/* Support for a guest hypervisor (nested VMX) */
struct nested_vmx nested;
/* Dynamic PLE window. */
int ple_window;
bool ple_window_dirty;
/* Support for PML */
#define PML_ENTITY_NUM 512
struct page *pml_pg;
u64 current_tsc_ratio;
bool guest_pkru_valid;
u32 guest_pkru;
u32 host_pkru;
};
enum segment_cache_field {
SEG_FIELD_SEL = 0,
SEG_FIELD_BASE = 1,
SEG_FIELD_LIMIT = 2,
SEG_FIELD_AR = 3,
SEG_FIELD_NR = 4
};
static inline struct vcpu_vmx *to_vmx(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return container_of(vcpu, struct vcpu_vmx, vcpu);
}
static struct pi_desc *vcpu_to_pi_desc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return &(to_vmx(vcpu)->pi_desc);
}
#define VMCS12_OFFSET(x) offsetof(struct vmcs12, x)
#define FIELD(number, name) [number] = VMCS12_OFFSET(name)
#define FIELD64(number, name) [number] = VMCS12_OFFSET(name), \
[number##_HIGH] = VMCS12_OFFSET(name)+4
static unsigned long shadow_read_only_fields[] = {
/*
* We do NOT shadow fields that are modified when L0
* traps and emulates any vmx instruction (e.g. VMPTRLD,
* VMXON...) executed by L1.
* For example, VM_INSTRUCTION_ERROR is read
* by L1 if a vmx instruction fails (part of the error path).
* Note the code assumes this logic. If for some reason
* we start shadowing these fields then we need to
* force a shadow sync when L0 emulates vmx instructions
* (e.g. force a sync if VM_INSTRUCTION_ERROR is modified
* by nested_vmx_failValid)
*/
VM_EXIT_REASON,
VM_EXIT_INTR_INFO,
VM_EXIT_INSTRUCTION_LEN,
IDT_VECTORING_INFO_FIELD,
IDT_VECTORING_ERROR_CODE,
VM_EXIT_INTR_ERROR_CODE,
EXIT_QUALIFICATION,
GUEST_LINEAR_ADDRESS,
GUEST_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS
};
static int max_shadow_read_only_fields =
ARRAY_SIZE(shadow_read_only_fields);
static unsigned long shadow_read_write_fields[] = {
TPR_THRESHOLD,
GUEST_RIP,
GUEST_RSP,
GUEST_CR0,
GUEST_CR3,
GUEST_CR4,
GUEST_INTERRUPTIBILITY_INFO,
GUEST_RFLAGS,
GUEST_CS_SELECTOR,
GUEST_CS_AR_BYTES,
GUEST_CS_LIMIT,
GUEST_CS_BASE,
GUEST_ES_BASE,
GUEST_BNDCFGS,
CR0_GUEST_HOST_MASK,
CR0_READ_SHADOW,
CR4_READ_SHADOW,
TSC_OFFSET,
EXCEPTION_BITMAP,
CPU_BASED_VM_EXEC_CONTROL,
VM_ENTRY_EXCEPTION_ERROR_CODE,
VM_ENTRY_INTR_INFO_FIELD,
VM_ENTRY_INSTRUCTION_LEN,
VM_ENTRY_EXCEPTION_ERROR_CODE,
HOST_FS_BASE,
HOST_GS_BASE,
HOST_FS_SELECTOR,
HOST_GS_SELECTOR
};
static int max_shadow_read_write_fields =
ARRAY_SIZE(shadow_read_write_fields);
static const unsigned short vmcs_field_to_offset_table[] = {
FIELD(VIRTUAL_PROCESSOR_ID, virtual_processor_id),
FIELD(POSTED_INTR_NV, posted_intr_nv),
FIELD(GUEST_ES_SELECTOR, guest_es_selector),
FIELD(GUEST_CS_SELECTOR, guest_cs_selector),
FIELD(GUEST_SS_SELECTOR, guest_ss_selector),
FIELD(GUEST_DS_SELECTOR, guest_ds_selector),
FIELD(GUEST_FS_SELECTOR, guest_fs_selector),
FIELD(GUEST_GS_SELECTOR, guest_gs_selector),
FIELD(GUEST_LDTR_SELECTOR, guest_ldtr_selector),
FIELD(GUEST_TR_SELECTOR, guest_tr_selector),
FIELD(GUEST_INTR_STATUS, guest_intr_status),
FIELD(HOST_ES_SELECTOR, host_es_selector),
FIELD(HOST_CS_SELECTOR, host_cs_selector),
FIELD(HOST_SS_SELECTOR, host_ss_selector),
FIELD(HOST_DS_SELECTOR, host_ds_selector),
FIELD(HOST_FS_SELECTOR, host_fs_selector),
FIELD(HOST_GS_SELECTOR, host_gs_selector),
FIELD(HOST_TR_SELECTOR, host_tr_selector),
FIELD64(IO_BITMAP_A, io_bitmap_a),
FIELD64(IO_BITMAP_B, io_bitmap_b),
FIELD64(MSR_BITMAP, msr_bitmap),
FIELD64(VM_EXIT_MSR_STORE_ADDR, vm_exit_msr_store_addr),
FIELD64(VM_EXIT_MSR_LOAD_ADDR, vm_exit_msr_load_addr),
FIELD64(VM_ENTRY_MSR_LOAD_ADDR, vm_entry_msr_load_addr),
FIELD64(TSC_OFFSET, tsc_offset),
FIELD64(VIRTUAL_APIC_PAGE_ADDR, virtual_apic_page_addr),
FIELD64(APIC_ACCESS_ADDR, apic_access_addr),
FIELD64(POSTED_INTR_DESC_ADDR, posted_intr_desc_addr),
FIELD64(EPT_POINTER, ept_pointer),
FIELD64(EOI_EXIT_BITMAP0, eoi_exit_bitmap0),
FIELD64(EOI_EXIT_BITMAP1, eoi_exit_bitmap1),
FIELD64(EOI_EXIT_BITMAP2, eoi_exit_bitmap2),
FIELD64(EOI_EXIT_BITMAP3, eoi_exit_bitmap3),
FIELD64(XSS_EXIT_BITMAP, xss_exit_bitmap),
FIELD64(GUEST_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS, guest_physical_address),
FIELD64(VMCS_LINK_POINTER, vmcs_link_pointer),
FIELD64(GUEST_IA32_DEBUGCTL, guest_ia32_debugctl),
FIELD64(GUEST_IA32_PAT, guest_ia32_pat),
FIELD64(GUEST_IA32_EFER, guest_ia32_efer),
FIELD64(GUEST_IA32_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL, guest_ia32_perf_global_ctrl),
FIELD64(GUEST_PDPTR0, guest_pdptr0),
FIELD64(GUEST_PDPTR1, guest_pdptr1),
FIELD64(GUEST_PDPTR2, guest_pdptr2),
FIELD64(GUEST_PDPTR3, guest_pdptr3),
FIELD64(GUEST_BNDCFGS, guest_bndcfgs),
FIELD64(HOST_IA32_PAT, host_ia32_pat),
FIELD64(HOST_IA32_EFER, host_ia32_efer),
FIELD64(HOST_IA32_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL, host_ia32_perf_global_ctrl),
FIELD(PIN_BASED_VM_EXEC_CONTROL, pin_based_vm_exec_control),
FIELD(CPU_BASED_VM_EXEC_CONTROL, cpu_based_vm_exec_control),
FIELD(EXCEPTION_BITMAP, exception_bitmap),
FIELD(PAGE_FAULT_ERROR_CODE_MASK, page_fault_error_code_mask),
FIELD(PAGE_FAULT_ERROR_CODE_MATCH, page_fault_error_code_match),
FIELD(CR3_TARGET_COUNT, cr3_target_count),
FIELD(VM_EXIT_CONTROLS, vm_exit_controls),
FIELD(VM_EXIT_MSR_STORE_COUNT, vm_exit_msr_store_count),
FIELD(VM_EXIT_MSR_LOAD_COUNT, vm_exit_msr_load_count),
FIELD(VM_ENTRY_CONTROLS, vm_entry_controls),
FIELD(VM_ENTRY_MSR_LOAD_COUNT, vm_entry_msr_load_count),
FIELD(VM_ENTRY_INTR_INFO_FIELD, vm_entry_intr_info_field),
FIELD(VM_ENTRY_EXCEPTION_ERROR_CODE, vm_entry_exception_error_code),
FIELD(VM_ENTRY_INSTRUCTION_LEN, vm_entry_instruction_len),
FIELD(TPR_THRESHOLD, tpr_threshold),
FIELD(SECONDARY_VM_EXEC_CONTROL, secondary_vm_exec_control),
FIELD(VM_INSTRUCTION_ERROR, vm_instruction_error),
FIELD(VM_EXIT_REASON, vm_exit_reason),
FIELD(VM_EXIT_INTR_INFO, vm_exit_intr_info),
FIELD(VM_EXIT_INTR_ERROR_CODE, vm_exit_intr_error_code),
FIELD(IDT_VECTORING_INFO_FIELD, idt_vectoring_info_field),
FIELD(IDT_VECTORING_ERROR_CODE, idt_vectoring_error_code),
FIELD(VM_EXIT_INSTRUCTION_LEN, vm_exit_instruction_len),
FIELD(VMX_INSTRUCTION_INFO, vmx_instruction_info),
FIELD(GUEST_ES_LIMIT, guest_es_limit),
FIELD(GUEST_CS_LIMIT, guest_cs_limit),
FIELD(GUEST_SS_LIMIT, guest_ss_limit),
FIELD(GUEST_DS_LIMIT, guest_ds_limit),
FIELD(GUEST_FS_LIMIT, guest_fs_limit),
FIELD(GUEST_GS_LIMIT, guest_gs_limit),
FIELD(GUEST_LDTR_LIMIT, guest_ldtr_limit),
FIELD(GUEST_TR_LIMIT, guest_tr_limit),
FIELD(GUEST_GDTR_LIMIT, guest_gdtr_limit),
FIELD(GUEST_IDTR_LIMIT, guest_idtr_limit),
FIELD(GUEST_ES_AR_BYTES, guest_es_ar_bytes),
FIELD(GUEST_CS_AR_BYTES, guest_cs_ar_bytes),
FIELD(GUEST_SS_AR_BYTES, guest_ss_ar_bytes),
FIELD(GUEST_DS_AR_BYTES, guest_ds_ar_bytes),
FIELD(GUEST_FS_AR_BYTES, guest_fs_ar_bytes),
FIELD(GUEST_GS_AR_BYTES, guest_gs_ar_bytes),
FIELD(GUEST_LDTR_AR_BYTES, guest_ldtr_ar_bytes),
FIELD(GUEST_TR_AR_BYTES, guest_tr_ar_bytes),
FIELD(GUEST_INTERRUPTIBILITY_INFO, guest_interruptibility_info),
FIELD(GUEST_ACTIVITY_STATE, guest_activity_state),
FIELD(GUEST_SYSENTER_CS, guest_sysenter_cs),
FIELD(HOST_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, host_ia32_sysenter_cs),
FIELD(VMX_PREEMPTION_TIMER_VALUE, vmx_preemption_timer_value),
FIELD(CR0_GUEST_HOST_MASK, cr0_guest_host_mask),
FIELD(CR4_GUEST_HOST_MASK, cr4_guest_host_mask),
FIELD(CR0_READ_SHADOW, cr0_read_shadow),
FIELD(CR4_READ_SHADOW, cr4_read_shadow),
FIELD(CR3_TARGET_VALUE0, cr3_target_value0),
FIELD(CR3_TARGET_VALUE1, cr3_target_value1),
FIELD(CR3_TARGET_VALUE2, cr3_target_value2),
FIELD(CR3_TARGET_VALUE3, cr3_target_value3),
FIELD(EXIT_QUALIFICATION, exit_qualification),
FIELD(GUEST_LINEAR_ADDRESS, guest_linear_address),
FIELD(GUEST_CR0, guest_cr0),
FIELD(GUEST_CR3, guest_cr3),
FIELD(GUEST_CR4, guest_cr4),
FIELD(GUEST_ES_BASE, guest_es_base),
FIELD(GUEST_CS_BASE, guest_cs_base),
FIELD(GUEST_SS_BASE, guest_ss_base),
FIELD(GUEST_DS_BASE, guest_ds_base),
FIELD(GUEST_FS_BASE, guest_fs_base),
FIELD(GUEST_GS_BASE, guest_gs_base),
FIELD(GUEST_LDTR_BASE, guest_ldtr_base),
FIELD(GUEST_TR_BASE, guest_tr_base),
FIELD(GUEST_GDTR_BASE, guest_gdtr_base),
FIELD(GUEST_IDTR_BASE, guest_idtr_base),
FIELD(GUEST_DR7, guest_dr7),
FIELD(GUEST_RSP, guest_rsp),
FIELD(GUEST_RIP, guest_rip),
FIELD(GUEST_RFLAGS, guest_rflags),
FIELD(GUEST_PENDING_DBG_EXCEPTIONS, guest_pending_dbg_exceptions),
FIELD(GUEST_SYSENTER_ESP, guest_sysenter_esp),
FIELD(GUEST_SYSENTER_EIP, guest_sysenter_eip),
FIELD(HOST_CR0, host_cr0),
FIELD(HOST_CR3, host_cr3),
FIELD(HOST_CR4, host_cr4),
FIELD(HOST_FS_BASE, host_fs_base),
FIELD(HOST_GS_BASE, host_gs_base),
FIELD(HOST_TR_BASE, host_tr_base),
FIELD(HOST_GDTR_BASE, host_gdtr_base),
FIELD(HOST_IDTR_BASE, host_idtr_base),
FIELD(HOST_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP, host_ia32_sysenter_esp),
FIELD(HOST_IA32_SYSENTER_EIP, host_ia32_sysenter_eip),
FIELD(HOST_RSP, host_rsp),
FIELD(HOST_RIP, host_rip),
};
static inline short vmcs_field_to_offset(unsigned long field)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON(ARRAY_SIZE(vmcs_field_to_offset_table) > SHRT_MAX);
if (field >= ARRAY_SIZE(vmcs_field_to_offset_table) ||
vmcs_field_to_offset_table[field] == 0)
return -ENOENT;
return vmcs_field_to_offset_table[field];
}
static inline struct vmcs12 *get_vmcs12(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return to_vmx(vcpu)->nested.current_vmcs12;
}
static struct page *nested_get_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t addr)
{
struct page *page = kvm_vcpu_gfn_to_page(vcpu, addr >> PAGE_SHIFT);
if (is_error_page(page))
return NULL;
return page;
}
static void nested_release_page(struct page *page)
{
kvm_release_page_dirty(page);
}
static void nested_release_page_clean(struct page *page)
{
kvm_release_page_clean(page);
}
static unsigned long nested_ept_get_cr3(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
static u64 construct_eptp(unsigned long root_hpa);
static void kvm_cpu_vmxon(u64 addr);
static void kvm_cpu_vmxoff(void);
static bool vmx_xsaves_supported(void);
static int vmx_set_tss_addr(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned int addr);
static void vmx_set_segment(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_segment *var, int seg);
static void vmx_get_segment(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_segment *var, int seg);
static bool guest_state_valid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
static u32 vmx_segment_access_rights(struct kvm_segment *var);
static void copy_vmcs12_to_shadow(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx);
static void copy_shadow_to_vmcs12(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx);
static int alloc_identity_pagetable(struct kvm *kvm);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmcs *, vmxarea);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmcs *, current_vmcs);
/*
* We maintain a per-CPU linked-list of VMCS loaded on that CPU. This is needed
* when a CPU is brought down, and we need to VMCLEAR all VMCSs loaded on it.
*/
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct list_head, loaded_vmcss_on_cpu);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct desc_ptr, host_gdt);
/*
* We maintian a per-CPU linked-list of vCPU, so in wakeup_handler() we
* can find which vCPU should be waken up.
*/
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct list_head, blocked_vcpu_on_cpu);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(spinlock_t, blocked_vcpu_on_cpu_lock);
static unsigned long *vmx_io_bitmap_a;
static unsigned long *vmx_io_bitmap_b;
static unsigned long *vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy;
static unsigned long *vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode;
static unsigned long *vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy_x2apic;
static unsigned long *vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode_x2apic;
static unsigned long *vmx_msr_bitmap_nested;
static unsigned long *vmx_vmread_bitmap;
static unsigned long *vmx_vmwrite_bitmap;
static bool cpu_has_load_ia32_efer;
static bool cpu_has_load_perf_global_ctrl;
static DECLARE_BITMAP(vmx_vpid_bitmap, VMX_NR_VPIDS);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(vmx_vpid_lock);
static struct vmcs_config {
int size;
int order;
u32 revision_id;
u32 pin_based_exec_ctrl;
u32 cpu_based_exec_ctrl;
u32 cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl;
u32 vmexit_ctrl;
u32 vmentry_ctrl;
} vmcs_config;
static struct vmx_capability {
u32 ept;
u32 vpid;
} vmx_capability;
#define VMX_SEGMENT_FIELD(seg) \
[VCPU_SREG_##seg] = { \
.selector = GUEST_##seg##_SELECTOR, \
.base = GUEST_##seg##_BASE, \
.limit = GUEST_##seg##_LIMIT, \
.ar_bytes = GUEST_##seg##_AR_BYTES, \
}
static const struct kvm_vmx_segment_field {
unsigned selector;
unsigned base;
unsigned limit;
unsigned ar_bytes;
} kvm_vmx_segment_fields[] = {
VMX_SEGMENT_FIELD(CS),
VMX_SEGMENT_FIELD(DS),
VMX_SEGMENT_FIELD(ES),
VMX_SEGMENT_FIELD(FS),
VMX_SEGMENT_FIELD(GS),
VMX_SEGMENT_FIELD(SS),
VMX_SEGMENT_FIELD(TR),
VMX_SEGMENT_FIELD(LDTR),
};
static u64 host_efer;
static void ept_save_pdptrs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
/*
* Keep MSR_STAR at the end, as setup_msrs() will try to optimize it
* away by decrementing the array size.
*/
static const u32 vmx_msr_index[] = {
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
MSR_SYSCALL_MASK, MSR_LSTAR, MSR_CSTAR,
#endif
MSR_EFER, MSR_TSC_AUX, MSR_STAR,
};
static inline bool is_exception_n(u32 intr_info, u8 vector)
{
return (intr_info & (INTR_INFO_INTR_TYPE_MASK | INTR_INFO_VECTOR_MASK |
INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK)) ==
(INTR_TYPE_HARD_EXCEPTION | vector | INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK);
}
static inline bool is_debug(u32 intr_info)
{
return is_exception_n(intr_info, DB_VECTOR);
}
static inline bool is_breakpoint(u32 intr_info)
{
return is_exception_n(intr_info, BP_VECTOR);
}
static inline bool is_page_fault(u32 intr_info)
{
return is_exception_n(intr_info, PF_VECTOR);
}
static inline bool is_no_device(u32 intr_info)
{
return is_exception_n(intr_info, NM_VECTOR);
}
static inline bool is_invalid_opcode(u32 intr_info)
{
return is_exception_n(intr_info, UD_VECTOR);
}
static inline bool is_external_interrupt(u32 intr_info)
{
return (intr_info & (INTR_INFO_INTR_TYPE_MASK | INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK))
== (INTR_TYPE_EXT_INTR | INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK);
}
static inline bool is_machine_check(u32 intr_info)
{
return (intr_info & (INTR_INFO_INTR_TYPE_MASK | INTR_INFO_VECTOR_MASK |
INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK)) ==
(INTR_TYPE_HARD_EXCEPTION | MC_VECTOR | INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK);
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_msr_bitmap(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_exec_ctrl & CPU_BASED_USE_MSR_BITMAPS;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_tpr_shadow(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_exec_ctrl & CPU_BASED_TPR_SHADOW;
}
static inline bool cpu_need_tpr_shadow(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return cpu_has_vmx_tpr_shadow() && lapic_in_kernel(vcpu);
}
static inline bool cpu_has_secondary_exec_ctrls(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_exec_ctrl &
CPU_BASED_ACTIVATE_SECONDARY_CONTROLS;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_virtualize_apic_accesses(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_VIRTUALIZE_APIC_ACCESSES;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_virtualize_x2apic_mode(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_VIRTUALIZE_X2APIC_MODE;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_apic_register_virt(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_APIC_REGISTER_VIRT;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_virtual_intr_delivery(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_VIRTUAL_INTR_DELIVERY;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_posted_intr(void)
{
return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC) &&
vmcs_config.pin_based_exec_ctrl & PIN_BASED_POSTED_INTR;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_apicv(void)
{
return cpu_has_vmx_apic_register_virt() &&
cpu_has_vmx_virtual_intr_delivery() &&
cpu_has_vmx_posted_intr();
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_flexpriority(void)
{
return cpu_has_vmx_tpr_shadow() &&
cpu_has_vmx_virtualize_apic_accesses();
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_ept_execute_only(void)
{
return vmx_capability.ept & VMX_EPT_EXECUTE_ONLY_BIT;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_ept_2m_page(void)
{
return vmx_capability.ept & VMX_EPT_2MB_PAGE_BIT;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_ept_1g_page(void)
{
return vmx_capability.ept & VMX_EPT_1GB_PAGE_BIT;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_ept_4levels(void)
{
return vmx_capability.ept & VMX_EPT_PAGE_WALK_4_BIT;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_ept_ad_bits(void)
{
return vmx_capability.ept & VMX_EPT_AD_BIT;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_invept_context(void)
{
return vmx_capability.ept & VMX_EPT_EXTENT_CONTEXT_BIT;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_invept_global(void)
{
return vmx_capability.ept & VMX_EPT_EXTENT_GLOBAL_BIT;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_invvpid_single(void)
{
return vmx_capability.vpid & VMX_VPID_EXTENT_SINGLE_CONTEXT_BIT;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_invvpid_global(void)
{
return vmx_capability.vpid & VMX_VPID_EXTENT_GLOBAL_CONTEXT_BIT;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_ept(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_EPT;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_unrestricted_guest(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_UNRESTRICTED_GUEST;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_ple(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_PAUSE_LOOP_EXITING;
}
static inline bool cpu_need_virtualize_apic_accesses(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return flexpriority_enabled && lapic_in_kernel(vcpu);
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_vpid(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_VPID;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_rdtscp(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_RDTSCP;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_invpcid(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_INVPCID;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_virtual_nmis(void)
{
return vmcs_config.pin_based_exec_ctrl & PIN_BASED_VIRTUAL_NMIS;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_wbinvd_exit(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_WBINVD_EXITING;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_shadow_vmcs(void)
{
u64 vmx_msr;
rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_VMX_MISC, vmx_msr);
/* check if the cpu supports writing r/o exit information fields */
if (!(vmx_msr & MSR_IA32_VMX_MISC_VMWRITE_SHADOW_RO_FIELDS))
return false;
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_SHADOW_VMCS;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_pml(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl & SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_PML;
}
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_tsc_scaling(void)
{
return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
SECONDARY_EXEC_TSC_SCALING;
}
static inline bool report_flexpriority(void)
{
return flexpriority_enabled;
}
static inline bool nested_cpu_has(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12, u32 bit)
{
return vmcs12->cpu_based_vm_exec_control & bit;
}
static inline bool nested_cpu_has2(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12, u32 bit)
{
return (vmcs12->cpu_based_vm_exec_control &
CPU_BASED_ACTIVATE_SECONDARY_CONTROLS) &&
(vmcs12->secondary_vm_exec_control & bit);
}
static inline bool nested_cpu_has_virtual_nmis(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
{
return vmcs12->pin_based_vm_exec_control & PIN_BASED_VIRTUAL_NMIS;
}
static inline bool nested_cpu_has_preemption_timer(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
{
return vmcs12->pin_based_vm_exec_control &
PIN_BASED_VMX_PREEMPTION_TIMER;
}
static inline int nested_cpu_has_ept(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
{
return nested_cpu_has2(vmcs12, SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_EPT);
}
static inline bool nested_cpu_has_xsaves(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
{
return nested_cpu_has2(vmcs12, SECONDARY_EXEC_XSAVES) &&
vmx_xsaves_supported();
}
static inline bool nested_cpu_has_virt_x2apic_mode(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
{
return nested_cpu_has2(vmcs12, SECONDARY_EXEC_VIRTUALIZE_X2APIC_MODE);
}
static inline bool nested_cpu_has_vpid(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
{
return nested_cpu_has2(vmcs12, SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_VPID);
}
static inline bool nested_cpu_has_apic_reg_virt(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
{
return nested_cpu_has2(vmcs12, SECONDARY_EXEC_APIC_REGISTER_VIRT);
}
static inline bool nested_cpu_has_vid(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
{
return nested_cpu_has2(vmcs12, SECONDARY_EXEC_VIRTUAL_INTR_DELIVERY);
}
static inline bool nested_cpu_has_posted_intr(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
{
return vmcs12->pin_based_vm_exec_control & PIN_BASED_POSTED_INTR;
}
static inline bool is_exception(u32 intr_info)
{
return (intr_info & (INTR_INFO_INTR_TYPE_MASK | INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK))
== (INTR_TYPE_HARD_EXCEPTION | INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK);
}
static void nested_vmx_vmexit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 exit_reason,
u32 exit_intr_info,
unsigned long exit_qualification);
static void nested_vmx_entry_failure(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct vmcs12 *vmcs12,
u32 reason, unsigned long qualification);
static int __find_msr_index(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, u32 msr)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < vmx->nmsrs; ++i)
if (vmx_msr_index[vmx->guest_msrs[i].index] == msr)
return i;
return -1;
}
static inline void __invvpid(int ext, u16 vpid, gva_t gva)
{
struct {
u64 vpid : 16;
u64 rsvd : 48;
u64 gva;
} operand = { vpid, 0, gva };
asm volatile (__ex(ASM_VMX_INVVPID)
/* CF==1 or ZF==1 --> rc = -1 */
"; ja 1f ; ud2 ; 1:"
: : "a"(&operand), "c"(ext) : "cc", "memory");
}
static inline void __invept(int ext, u64 eptp, gpa_t gpa)
{
struct {
u64 eptp, gpa;
} operand = {eptp, gpa};
asm volatile (__ex(ASM_VMX_INVEPT)
/* CF==1 or ZF==1 --> rc = -1 */
"; ja 1f ; ud2 ; 1:\n"
: : "a" (&operand), "c" (ext) : "cc", "memory");
}
static struct shared_msr_entry *find_msr_entry(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, u32 msr)
{
int i;
i = __find_msr_index(vmx, msr);
if (i >= 0)
return &vmx->guest_msrs[i];
return NULL;
}
static void vmcs_clear(struct vmcs *vmcs)
{
u64 phys_addr = __pa(vmcs);
u8 error;
asm volatile (__ex(ASM_VMX_VMCLEAR_RAX) "; setna %0"
: "=qm"(error) : "a"(&phys_addr), "m"(phys_addr)
: "cc", "memory");
if (error)
printk(KERN_ERR "kvm: vmclear fail: %p/%llx\n",
vmcs, phys_addr);
}
static inline void loaded_vmcs_init(struct loaded_vmcs *loaded_vmcs)
{
vmcs_clear(loaded_vmcs->vmcs);
loaded_vmcs->cpu = -1;
loaded_vmcs->launched = 0;
}
static void vmcs_load(struct vmcs *vmcs)
{
u64 phys_addr = __pa(vmcs);
u8 error;
asm volatile (__ex(ASM_VMX_VMPTRLD_RAX) "; setna %0"
: "=qm"(error) : "a"(&phys_addr), "m"(phys_addr)
: "cc", "memory");
if (error)
printk(KERN_ERR "kvm: vmptrld %p/%llx failed\n",
vmcs, phys_addr);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
/*
* This bitmap is used to indicate whether the vmclear
* operation is enabled on all cpus. All disabled by
* default.
*/
static cpumask_t crash_vmclear_enabled_bitmap = CPU_MASK_NONE;
static inline void crash_enable_local_vmclear(int cpu)
{
cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &crash_vmclear_enabled_bitmap);
}
static inline void crash_disable_local_vmclear(int cpu)
{
cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &crash_vmclear_enabled_bitmap);
}
static inline int crash_local_vmclear_enabled(int cpu)
{
return cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, &crash_vmclear_enabled_bitmap);
}
static void crash_vmclear_local_loaded_vmcss(void)
{
int cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
struct loaded_vmcs *v;
if (!crash_local_vmclear_enabled(cpu))
return;
list_for_each_entry(v, &per_cpu(loaded_vmcss_on_cpu, cpu),
loaded_vmcss_on_cpu_link)
vmcs_clear(v->vmcs);
}
#else
static inline void crash_enable_local_vmclear(int cpu) { }
static inline void crash_disable_local_vmclear(int cpu) { }
#endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */
static void __loaded_vmcs_clear(void *arg)
{
struct loaded_vmcs *loaded_vmcs = arg;
int cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
if (loaded_vmcs->cpu != cpu)
return; /* vcpu migration can race with cpu offline */
if (per_cpu(current_vmcs, cpu) == loaded_vmcs->vmcs)
per_cpu(current_vmcs, cpu) = NULL;
crash_disable_local_vmclear(cpu);
list_del(&loaded_vmcs->loaded_vmcss_on_cpu_link);
/*
* we should ensure updating loaded_vmcs->loaded_vmcss_on_cpu_link
* is before setting loaded_vmcs->vcpu to -1 which is done in
* loaded_vmcs_init. Otherwise, other cpu can see vcpu = -1 fist
* then adds the vmcs into percpu list before it is deleted.
*/
smp_wmb();
loaded_vmcs_init(loaded_vmcs);
crash_enable_local_vmclear(cpu);
}
static void loaded_vmcs_clear(struct loaded_vmcs *loaded_vmcs)
{
int cpu = loaded_vmcs->cpu;
if (cpu != -1)
smp_call_function_single(cpu,
__loaded_vmcs_clear, loaded_vmcs, 1);
}
static inline void vpid_sync_vcpu_single(int vpid)
{
if (vpid == 0)
return;
if (cpu_has_vmx_invvpid_single())
__invvpid(VMX_VPID_EXTENT_SINGLE_CONTEXT, vpid, 0);
}
static inline void vpid_sync_vcpu_global(void)
{
if (cpu_has_vmx_invvpid_global())
__invvpid(VMX_VPID_EXTENT_ALL_CONTEXT, 0, 0);
}
static inline void vpid_sync_context(int vpid)
{
if (cpu_has_vmx_invvpid_single())
vpid_sync_vcpu_single(vpid);
else
vpid_sync_vcpu_global();
}
static inline void ept_sync_global(void)
{
if (cpu_has_vmx_invept_global())
__invept(VMX_EPT_EXTENT_GLOBAL, 0, 0);
}
static inline void ept_sync_context(u64 eptp)
{
if (enable_ept) {
if (cpu_has_vmx_invept_context())
__invept(VMX_EPT_EXTENT_CONTEXT, eptp, 0);
else
ept_sync_global();
}
}
static __always_inline void vmcs_check16(unsigned long field)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6001) == 0x2000,
"16-bit accessor invalid for 64-bit field");
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6001) == 0x2001,
"16-bit accessor invalid for 64-bit high field");
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6000) == 0x4000,
"16-bit accessor invalid for 32-bit high field");
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6000) == 0x6000,
"16-bit accessor invalid for natural width field");
}
static __always_inline void vmcs_check32(unsigned long field)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6000) == 0,
"32-bit accessor invalid for 16-bit field");
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6000) == 0x6000,
"32-bit accessor invalid for natural width field");
}
static __always_inline void vmcs_check64(unsigned long field)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6000) == 0,
"64-bit accessor invalid for 16-bit field");
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6001) == 0x2001,
"64-bit accessor invalid for 64-bit high field");
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6000) == 0x4000,
"64-bit accessor invalid for 32-bit field");
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6000) == 0x6000,
"64-bit accessor invalid for natural width field");
}
static __always_inline void vmcs_checkl(unsigned long field)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6000) == 0,
"Natural width accessor invalid for 16-bit field");
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6001) == 0x2000,
"Natural width accessor invalid for 64-bit field");
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6001) == 0x2001,
"Natural width accessor invalid for 64-bit high field");
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6000) == 0x4000,
"Natural width accessor invalid for 32-bit field");
}
static __always_inline unsigned long __vmcs_readl(unsigned long field)
{
unsigned long value;
asm volatile (__ex_clear(ASM_VMX_VMREAD_RDX_RAX, "%0")
: "=a"(value) : "d"(field) : "cc");
return value;
}
static __always_inline u16 vmcs_read16(unsigned long field)
{
vmcs_check16(field);
return __vmcs_readl(field);
}
static __always_inline u32 vmcs_read32(unsigned long field)
{
vmcs_check32(field);
return __vmcs_readl(field);
}
static __always_inline u64 vmcs_read64(unsigned long field)
{
vmcs_check64(field);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
return __vmcs_readl(field);
#else
return __vmcs_readl(field) | ((u64)__vmcs_readl(field+1) << 32);
#endif
}
static __always_inline unsigned long vmcs_readl(unsigned long field)
{
vmcs_checkl(field);
return __vmcs_readl(field);
}
static noinline void vmwrite_error(unsigned long field, unsigned long value)
{
printk(KERN_ERR "vmwrite error: reg %lx value %lx (err %d)\n",
field, value, vmcs_read32(VM_INSTRUCTION_ERROR));
dump_stack();
}
static __always_inline void __vmcs_writel(unsigned long field, unsigned long value)
{
u8 error;
asm volatile (__ex(ASM_VMX_VMWRITE_RAX_RDX) "; setna %0"
: "=q"(error) : "a"(value), "d"(field) : "cc");
if (unlikely(error))
vmwrite_error(field, value);
}
static __always_inline void vmcs_write16(unsigned long field, u16 value)
{
vmcs_check16(field);
__vmcs_writel(field, value);
}
static __always_inline void vmcs_write32(unsigned long field, u32 value)
{
vmcs_check32(field);
__vmcs_writel(field, value);
}
static __always_inline void vmcs_write64(unsigned long field, u64 value)
{
vmcs_check64(field);
__vmcs_writel(field, value);
#ifndef CONFIG_X86_64
asm volatile ("");
__vmcs_writel(field+1, value >> 32);
#endif
}
static __always_inline void vmcs_writel(unsigned long field, unsigned long value)
{
vmcs_checkl(field);
__vmcs_writel(field, value);
}
static __always_inline void vmcs_clear_bits(unsigned long field, u32 mask)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6000) == 0x2000,
"vmcs_clear_bits does not support 64-bit fields");
__vmcs_writel(field, __vmcs_readl(field) & ~mask);
}
static __always_inline void vmcs_set_bits(unsigned long field, u32 mask)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(field) && ((field) & 0x6000) == 0x2000,
"vmcs_set_bits does not support 64-bit fields");
__vmcs_writel(field, __vmcs_readl(field) | mask);
}
static inline void vm_entry_controls_init(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, u32 val)
{
vmcs_write32(VM_ENTRY_CONTROLS, val);
vmx->vm_entry_controls_shadow = val;
}
static inline void vm_entry_controls_set(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, u32 val)
{
if (vmx->vm_entry_controls_shadow != val)
vm_entry_controls_init(vmx, val);
}
static inline u32 vm_entry_controls_get(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
{
return vmx->vm_entry_controls_shadow;
}
static inline void vm_entry_controls_setbit(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, u32 val)
{
vm_entry_controls_set(vmx, vm_entry_controls_get(vmx) | val);
}
static inline void vm_entry_controls_clearbit(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, u32 val)
{
vm_entry_controls_set(vmx, vm_entry_controls_get(vmx) & ~val);
}
static inline void vm_exit_controls_init(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, u32 val)
{
vmcs_write32(VM_EXIT_CONTROLS, val);
vmx->vm_exit_controls_shadow = val;
}
static inline void vm_exit_controls_set(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, u32 val)
{
if (vmx->vm_exit_controls_shadow != val)
vm_exit_controls_init(vmx, val);
}
static inline u32 vm_exit_controls_get(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
{
return vmx->vm_exit_controls_shadow;
}
static inline void vm_exit_controls_setbit(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, u32 val)
{
vm_exit_controls_set(vmx, vm_exit_controls_get(vmx) | val);
}
static inline void vm_exit_controls_clearbit(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, u32 val)
{
vm_exit_controls_set(vmx, vm_exit_controls_get(vmx) & ~val);
}
static void vmx_segment_cache_clear(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
{
vmx->segment_cache.bitmask = 0;
}
static bool vmx_segment_cache_test_set(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, unsigned seg,
unsigned field)
{
bool ret;
u32 mask = 1 << (seg * SEG_FIELD_NR + field);
if (!(vmx->vcpu.arch.regs_avail & (1 << VCPU_EXREG_SEGMENTS))) {
vmx->vcpu.arch.regs_avail |= (1 << VCPU_EXREG_SEGMENTS);
vmx->segment_cache.bitmask = 0;
}
ret = vmx->segment_cache.bitmask & mask;
vmx->segment_cache.bitmask |= mask;
return ret;
}
static u16 vmx_read_guest_seg_selector(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, unsigned seg)
{
u16 *p = &vmx->segment_cache.seg[seg].selector;
if (!vmx_segment_cache_test_set(vmx, seg, SEG_FIELD_SEL))
*p = vmcs_read16(kvm_vmx_segment_fields[seg].selector);
return *p;
}
static ulong vmx_read_guest_seg_base(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, unsigned seg)
{
ulong *p = &vmx->segment_cache.seg[seg].base;
if (!vmx_segment_cache_test_set(vmx, seg, SEG_FIELD_BASE))
*p = vmcs_readl(kvm_vmx_segment_fields[seg].base);
return *p;
}
static u32 vmx_read_guest_seg_limit(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, unsigned seg)
{
u32 *p = &vmx->segment_cache.seg[seg].limit;
if (!vmx_segment_cache_test_set(vmx, seg, SEG_FIELD_LIMIT))
*p = vmcs_read32(kvm_vmx_segment_fields[seg].limit);
return *p;
}
static u32 vmx_read_guest_seg_ar(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, unsigned seg)
{
u32 *p = &vmx->segment_cache.seg[seg].ar;
if (!vmx_segment_cache_test_set(vmx, seg, SEG_FIELD_AR))
*p = vmcs_read32(kvm_vmx_segment_fields[seg].ar_bytes);
return *p;
}
static void update_exception_bitmap(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
u32 eb;
eb = (1u << PF_VECTOR) | (1u << UD_VECTOR) | (1u << MC_VECTOR) |
(1u << NM_VECTOR) | (1u << DB_VECTOR) | (1u << AC_VECTOR);
if ((vcpu->guest_debug &
(KVM_GUESTDBG_ENABLE | KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_SW_BP)) ==
(KVM_GUESTDBG_ENABLE | KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_SW_BP))
eb |= 1u << BP_VECTOR;
if (to_vmx(vcpu)->rmode.vm86_active)
eb = ~0;
if (enable_ept)
eb &= ~(1u << PF_VECTOR); /* bypass_guest_pf = 0 */
if (vcpu->fpu_active)
eb &= ~(1u << NM_VECTOR);
/* When we are running a nested L2 guest and L1 specified for it a
* certain exception bitmap, we must trap the same exceptions and pass
* them to L1. When running L2, we will only handle the exceptions
* specified above if L1 did not want them.
*/
if (is_guest_mode(vcpu))
eb |= get_vmcs12(vcpu)->exception_bitmap;
vmcs_write32(EXCEPTION_BITMAP, eb);
}
static void clear_atomic_switch_msr_special(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx,
unsigned long entry, unsigned long exit)
{
vm_entry_controls_clearbit(vmx, entry);
vm_exit_controls_clearbit(vmx, exit);
}
static void clear_atomic_switch_msr(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, unsigned msr)
{
unsigned i;
struct msr_autoload *m = &vmx->msr_autoload;
switch (msr) {
case MSR_EFER:
if (cpu_has_load_ia32_efer) {
clear_atomic_switch_msr_special(vmx,
VM_ENTRY_LOAD_IA32_EFER,
VM_EXIT_LOAD_IA32_EFER);
return;
}
break;
case MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL:
if (cpu_has_load_perf_global_ctrl) {
clear_atomic_switch_msr_special(vmx,
VM_ENTRY_LOAD_IA32_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL,
VM_EXIT_LOAD_IA32_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL);
return;
}
break;
}
for (i = 0; i < m->nr; ++i)
if (m->guest[i].index == msr)
break;
if (i == m->nr)
return;
--m->nr;
m->guest[i] = m->guest[m->nr];
m->host[i] = m->host[m->nr];
vmcs_write32(VM_ENTRY_MSR_LOAD_COUNT, m->nr);
vmcs_write32(VM_EXIT_MSR_LOAD_COUNT, m->nr);
}
static void add_atomic_switch_msr_special(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx,
unsigned long entry, unsigned long exit,
unsigned long guest_val_vmcs, unsigned long host_val_vmcs,
u64 guest_val, u64 host_val)
{
vmcs_write64(guest_val_vmcs, guest_val);
vmcs_write64(host_val_vmcs, host_val);
vm_entry_controls_setbit(vmx, entry);
vm_exit_controls_setbit(vmx, exit);
}
static void add_atomic_switch_msr(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, unsigned msr,
u64 guest_val, u64 host_val)
{
unsigned i;
struct msr_autoload *m = &vmx->msr_autoload;
switch (msr) {
case MSR_EFER:
if (cpu_has_load_ia32_efer) {
add_atomic_switch_msr_special(vmx,
VM_ENTRY_LOAD_IA32_EFER,
VM_EXIT_LOAD_IA32_EFER,
GUEST_IA32_EFER,
HOST_IA32_EFER,
guest_val, host_val);
return;
}
break;
case MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL:
if (cpu_has_load_perf_global_ctrl) {
add_atomic_switch_msr_special(vmx,
VM_ENTRY_LOAD_IA32_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL,
VM_EXIT_LOAD_IA32_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL,
GUEST_IA32_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL,
HOST_IA32_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL,
guest_val, host_val);
return;
}
break;
case MSR_IA32_PEBS_ENABLE:
/* PEBS needs a quiescent period after being disabled (to write
* a record). Disabling PEBS through VMX MSR swapping doesn't
* provide that period, so a CPU could write host's record into
* guest's memory.
*/
wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_PEBS_ENABLE, 0);
}
for (i = 0; i < m->nr; ++i)
if (m->guest[i].index == msr)
break;
if (i == NR_AUTOLOAD_MSRS) {
printk_once(KERN_WARNING "Not enough msr switch entries. "
"Can't add msr %x\n", msr);
return;
} else if (i == m->nr) {
++m->nr;
vmcs_write32(VM_ENTRY_MSR_LOAD_COUNT, m->nr);
vmcs_write32(VM_EXIT_MSR_LOAD_COUNT, m->nr);
}
m->guest[i].index = msr;
m->guest[i].value = guest_val;
m->host[i].index = msr;
m->host[i].value = host_val;
}
static void reload_tss(void)
{
/*
* VT restores TR but not its size. Useless.
*/
struct desc_ptr *gdt = this_cpu_ptr(&host_gdt);
struct desc_struct *descs;
descs = (void *)gdt->address;
descs[GDT_ENTRY_TSS].type = 9; /* available TSS */
load_TR_desc();
}
static bool update_transition_efer(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, int efer_offset)
{
u64 guest_efer = vmx->vcpu.arch.efer;
u64 ignore_bits = 0;
if (!enable_ept) {
/*
* NX is needed to handle CR0.WP=1, CR4.SMEP=1. Testing
* host CPUID is more efficient than testing guest CPUID
* or CR4. Host SMEP is anyway a requirement for guest SMEP.
*/
if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SMEP))
guest_efer |= EFER_NX;
else if (!(guest_efer & EFER_NX))
ignore_bits |= EFER_NX;
}
/*
* LMA and LME handled by hardware; SCE meaningless outside long mode.
*/
ignore_bits |= EFER_SCE;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
ignore_bits |= EFER_LMA | EFER_LME;
/* SCE is meaningful only in long mode on Intel */
if (guest_efer & EFER_LMA)
ignore_bits &= ~(u64)EFER_SCE;
#endif
clear_atomic_switch_msr(vmx, MSR_EFER);
/*
* On EPT, we can't emulate NX, so we must switch EFER atomically.
* On CPUs that support "load IA32_EFER", always switch EFER
* atomically, since it's faster than switching it manually.
*/
if (cpu_has_load_ia32_efer ||
(enable_ept && ((vmx->vcpu.arch.efer ^ host_efer) & EFER_NX))) {
if (!(guest_efer & EFER_LMA))
guest_efer &= ~EFER_LME;
if (guest_efer != host_efer)
add_atomic_switch_msr(vmx, MSR_EFER,
guest_efer, host_efer);
return false;
} else {
guest_efer &= ~ignore_bits;
guest_efer |= host_efer & ignore_bits;
vmx->guest_msrs[efer_offset].data = guest_efer;
vmx->guest_msrs[efer_offset].mask = ~ignore_bits;
return true;
}
}
static unsigned long segment_base(u16 selector)
{
struct desc_ptr *gdt = this_cpu_ptr(&host_gdt);
struct desc_struct *d;
unsigned long table_base;
unsigned long v;
if (!(selector & ~3))
return 0;
table_base = gdt->address;
if (selector & 4) { /* from ldt */
u16 ldt_selector = kvm_read_ldt();
if (!(ldt_selector & ~3))
return 0;
table_base = segment_base(ldt_selector);
}
d = (struct desc_struct *)(table_base + (selector & ~7));
v = get_desc_base(d);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
if (d->s == 0 && (d->type == 2 || d->type == 9 || d->type == 11))
v |= ((unsigned long)((struct ldttss_desc64 *)d)->base3) << 32;
#endif
return v;
}
static inline unsigned long kvm_read_tr_base(void)
{
u16 tr;
asm("str %0" : "=g"(tr));
return segment_base(tr);
}
static void vmx_save_host_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
int i;
if (vmx->host_state.loaded)
return;
vmx->host_state.loaded = 1;
/*
* Set host fs and gs selectors. Unfortunately, 22.2.3 does not
* allow segment selectors with cpl > 0 or ti == 1.
*/
vmx->host_state.ldt_sel = kvm_read_ldt();
vmx->host_state.gs_ldt_reload_needed = vmx->host_state.ldt_sel;
savesegment(fs, vmx->host_state.fs_sel);
if (!(vmx->host_state.fs_sel & 7)) {
vmcs_write16(HOST_FS_SELECTOR, vmx->host_state.fs_sel);
vmx->host_state.fs_reload_needed = 0;
} else {
vmcs_write16(HOST_FS_SELECTOR, 0);
vmx->host_state.fs_reload_needed = 1;
}
savesegment(gs, vmx->host_state.gs_sel);
if (!(vmx->host_state.gs_sel & 7))
vmcs_write16(HOST_GS_SELECTOR, vmx->host_state.gs_sel);
else {
vmcs_write16(HOST_GS_SELECTOR, 0);
vmx->host_state.gs_ldt_reload_needed = 1;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
savesegment(ds, vmx->host_state.ds_sel);
savesegment(es, vmx->host_state.es_sel);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
vmcs_writel(HOST_FS_BASE, read_msr(MSR_FS_BASE));
vmcs_writel(HOST_GS_BASE, read_msr(MSR_GS_BASE));
#else
vmcs_writel(HOST_FS_BASE, segment_base(vmx->host_state.fs_sel));
vmcs_writel(HOST_GS_BASE, segment_base(vmx->host_state.gs_sel));
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
rdmsrl(MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, vmx->msr_host_kernel_gs_base);
if (is_long_mode(&vmx->vcpu))
wrmsrl(MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, vmx->msr_guest_kernel_gs_base);
#endif
if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_MPX))
rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_BNDCFGS, vmx->host_state.msr_host_bndcfgs);
for (i = 0; i < vmx->save_nmsrs; ++i)
kvm_set_shared_msr(vmx->guest_msrs[i].index,
vmx->guest_msrs[i].data,
vmx->guest_msrs[i].mask);
}
static void __vmx_load_host_state(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
{
if (!vmx->host_state.loaded)
return;
++vmx->vcpu.stat.host_state_reload;
vmx->host_state.loaded = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
if (is_long_mode(&vmx->vcpu))
rdmsrl(MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, vmx->msr_guest_kernel_gs_base);
#endif
if (vmx->host_state.gs_ldt_reload_needed) {
kvm_load_ldt(vmx->host_state.ldt_sel);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
load_gs_index(vmx->host_state.gs_sel);
#else
loadsegment(gs, vmx->host_state.gs_sel);
#endif
}
if (vmx->host_state.fs_reload_needed)
loadsegment(fs, vmx->host_state.fs_sel);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
if (unlikely(vmx->host_state.ds_sel | vmx->host_state.es_sel)) {
loadsegment(ds, vmx->host_state.ds_sel);
loadsegment(es, vmx->host_state.es_sel);
}
#endif
reload_tss();
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
wrmsrl(MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, vmx->msr_host_kernel_gs_base);
#endif
if (vmx->host_state.msr_host_bndcfgs)
wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_BNDCFGS, vmx->host_state.msr_host_bndcfgs);
/*
* If the FPU is not active (through the host task or
* the guest vcpu), then restore the cr0.TS bit.
*/
if (!fpregs_active() && !vmx->vcpu.guest_fpu_loaded)
stts();
load_gdt(this_cpu_ptr(&host_gdt));
}
static void vmx_load_host_state(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
{
preempt_disable();
__vmx_load_host_state(vmx);
preempt_enable();
}
static void vmx_vcpu_pi_load(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu)
{
struct pi_desc *pi_desc = vcpu_to_pi_desc(vcpu);
struct pi_desc old, new;
unsigned int dest;
if (!kvm_arch_has_assigned_device(vcpu->kvm) ||
!irq_remapping_cap(IRQ_POSTING_CAP) ||
!kvm_vcpu_apicv_active(vcpu))
return;
do {
old.control = new.control = pi_desc->control;
/*
* If 'nv' field is POSTED_INTR_WAKEUP_VECTOR, there
* are two possible cases:
* 1. After running 'pre_block', context switch
* happened. For this case, 'sn' was set in
* vmx_vcpu_put(), so we need to clear it here.
* 2. After running 'pre_block', we were blocked,
* and woken up by some other guy. For this case,
* we don't need to do anything, 'pi_post_block'
* will do everything for us. However, we cannot
* check whether it is case #1 or case #2 here
* (maybe, not needed), so we also clear sn here,
* I think it is not a big deal.
*/
if (pi_desc->nv != POSTED_INTR_WAKEUP_VECTOR) {
if (vcpu->cpu != cpu) {
dest = cpu_physical_id(cpu);
if (x2apic_enabled())
new.ndst = dest;
else
new.ndst = (dest << 8) & 0xFF00;
}
/* set 'NV' to 'notification vector' */
new.nv = POSTED_INTR_VECTOR;
}
/* Allow posting non-urgent interrupts */
new.sn = 0;
} while (cmpxchg(&pi_desc->control, old.control,
new.control) != old.control);
}
/*
* Switches to specified vcpu, until a matching vcpu_put(), but assumes
* vcpu mutex is already taken.
*/
static void vmx_vcpu_load(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu)
{
struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
u64 phys_addr = __pa(per_cpu(vmxarea, cpu));
if (!vmm_exclusive)
kvm_cpu_vmxon(phys_addr);
else if (vmx->loaded_vmcs->cpu != cpu)
loaded_vmcs_clear(vmx->loaded_vmcs);
if (per_cpu(current_vmcs, cpu) != vmx->loaded_vmcs->vmcs) {
per_cpu(current_vmcs, cpu) = vmx->loaded_vmcs->vmcs;
vmcs_load(vmx->loaded_vmcs->vmcs);
}
if (vmx->loaded_vmcs->cpu != cpu) {
struct desc_ptr *gdt = this_cpu_ptr(&host_gdt);
unsigned long sysenter_esp;
kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_TLB_FLUSH, vcpu);
local_irq_disable();
crash_disable_local_vmclear(cpu);
/*
* Read loaded_vmcs->cpu should be before fetching
* loaded_vmcs->loaded_vmcss_on_cpu_link.
* See the comments in __loaded_vmcs_clear().
*/
smp_rmb();
list_add(&vmx->loaded_vmcs->loaded_vmcss_on_cpu_link,
&per_cpu(loaded_vmcss_on_cpu, cpu));
crash_enable_local_vmclear(cpu);
local_irq_enable();
/*
* Linux uses per-cpu TSS and GDT, so set these when switching
* processors.
*/
vmcs_writel(HOST_TR_BASE, kvm_read_tr_base()); /* 22.2.4 */
vmcs_writel(HOST_GDTR_BASE, gdt->address); /* 22.2.4 */
rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP, sysenter_esp);
vmcs_writel(HOST_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP, sysenter_esp); /* 22.2.3 */
vmx->loaded_vmcs->cpu = cpu;
}
/* Setup TSC multiplier */
if (kvm_has_tsc_control &&
vmx->current_tsc_ratio != vcpu->arch.tsc_scaling_ratio) {
vmx->current_tsc_ratio = vcpu->arch.tsc_scaling_ratio;
vmcs_write64(TSC_MULTIPLIER, vmx->current_tsc_ratio);
}
vmx_vcpu_pi_load(vcpu, cpu);
vmx->host_pkru = read_pkru();
}
static void vmx_vcpu_pi_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
struct pi_desc *pi_desc = vcpu_to_pi_desc(vcpu);
if (!kvm_arch_has_assigned_device(vcpu->kvm) ||
!irq_remapping_cap(IRQ_POSTING_CAP) ||
!kvm_vcpu_apicv_active(vcpu))
return;
/* Set SN when the vCPU is preempted */
if (vcpu->preempted)
pi_set_sn(pi_desc);
}
static void vmx_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
vmx_vcpu_pi_put(vcpu);
__vmx_load_host_state(to_vmx(vcpu));
if (!vmm_exclusive) {
__loaded_vmcs_clear(to_vmx(vcpu)->loaded_vmcs);
vcpu->cpu = -1;
kvm_cpu_vmxoff();
}
}
static void vmx_fpu_activate(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
ulong cr0;
if (vcpu->fpu_active)
return;
vcpu->fpu_active = 1;
cr0 = vmcs_readl(GUEST_CR0);
cr0 &= ~(X86_CR0_TS | X86_CR0_MP);
cr0 |= kvm_read_cr0_bits(vcpu, X86_CR0_TS | X86_CR0_MP);
vmcs_writel(GUEST_CR0, cr0);
update_exception_bitmap(vcpu);
vcpu->arch.cr0_guest_owned_bits = X86_CR0_TS;
if (is_guest_mode(vcpu))
vcpu->arch.cr0_guest_owned_bits &=
~get_vmcs12(vcpu)->cr0_guest_host_mask;
vmcs_writel(CR0_GUEST_HOST_MASK, ~vcpu->arch.cr0_guest_owned_bits);
}
static void vmx_decache_cr0_guest_bits(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
/*
* Return the cr0 value that a nested guest would read. This is a combination
* of the real cr0 used to run the guest (guest_cr0), and the bits shadowed by
* its hypervisor (cr0_read_shadow).
*/
static inline unsigned long nested_read_cr0(struct vmcs12 *fields)
{
return (fields->guest_cr0 & ~fields->cr0_guest_host_mask) |
(fields->cr0_read_shadow & fields->cr0_guest_host_mask);
}
static inline unsigned long nested_read_cr4(struct vmcs12 *fields)
{
return (fields->guest_cr4 & ~fields->cr4_guest_host_mask) |
(fields->cr4_read_shadow & fields->cr4_guest_host_mask);
}
static void vmx_fpu_deactivate(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
/* Note that there is no vcpu->fpu_active = 0 here. The caller must
* set this *before* calling this function.
*/
vmx_decache_cr0_guest_bits(vcpu);
vmcs_set_bits(GUEST_CR0, X86_CR0_TS | X86_CR0_MP);
update_exception_bitmap(vcpu);
vcpu->arch.cr0_guest_owned_bits = 0;
vmcs_writel(CR0_GUEST_HOST_MASK, ~vcpu->arch.cr0_guest_owned_bits);
if (is_guest_mode(vcpu)) {
/*
* L1's specified read shadow might not contain the TS bit,
* so now that we turned on shadowing of this bit, we need to
* set this bit of the shadow. Like in nested_vmx_run we need
* nested_read_cr0(vmcs12), but vmcs12->guest_cr0 is not yet
* up-to-date here because we just decached cr0.TS (and we'll
* only update vmcs12->guest_cr0 on nested exit).
*/
struct vmcs12 *vmcs12 = get_vmcs12(vcpu);
vmcs12->guest_cr0 = (vmcs12->guest_cr0 & ~X86_CR0_TS) |
(vcpu->arch.cr0 & X86_CR0_TS);
vmcs_writel(CR0_READ_SHADOW, nested_read_cr0(vmcs12));
} else
vmcs_writel(CR0_READ_SHADOW, vcpu->arch.cr0);
}
static unsigned long vmx_get_rflags(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
unsigned long rflags, save_rflags;
if (!test_bit(VCPU_EXREG_RFLAGS, (ulong *)&vcpu->arch.regs_avail)) {
__set_bit(VCPU_EXREG_RFLAGS, (ulong *)&vcpu->arch.regs_avail);
rflags = vmcs_readl(GUEST_RFLAGS);
if (to_vmx(vcpu)->rmode.vm86_active) {
rflags &= RMODE_GUEST_OWNED_EFLAGS_BITS;
save_rflags = to_vmx(vcpu)->rmode.save_rflags;
rflags |= save_rflags & ~RMODE_GUEST_OWNED_EFLAGS_BITS;
}
to_vmx(vcpu)->rflags = rflags;
}
return to_vmx(vcpu)->rflags;
}
static void vmx_set_rflags(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long rflags)
{
__set_bit(VCPU_EXREG_RFLAGS, (ulong *)&vcpu->arch.regs_avail);
to_vmx(vcpu)->rflags = rflags;
if (to_vmx(vcpu)->rmode.vm86_active) {
to_vmx(vcpu)->rmode.save_rflags = rflags;
rflags |= X86_EFLAGS_IOPL | X86_EFLAGS_VM;
}
vmcs_writel(GUEST_RFLAGS, rflags);
}
static u32 vmx_get_pkru(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return to_vmx(vcpu)->guest_pkru;
}
static u32 vmx_get_interrupt_shadow(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
u32 interruptibility = vmcs_read32(GUEST_INTERRUPTIBILITY_INFO);
int ret = 0;
if (interruptibility & GUEST_INTR_STATE_STI)
ret |= KVM_X86_SHADOW_INT_STI;
if (interruptibility & GUEST_INTR_STATE_MOV_SS)
ret |= KVM_X86_SHADOW_INT_MOV_SS;
return ret;
}
static void vmx_set_interrupt_shadow(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int mask)
{
u32 interruptibility_old = vmcs_read32(GUEST_INTERRUPTIBILITY_INFO);
u32 interruptibility = interruptibility_old;
interruptibility &= ~(GUEST_INTR_STATE_STI | GUEST_INTR_STATE_MOV_SS);
if (mask & KVM_X86_SHADOW_INT_MOV_SS)
interruptibility |= GUEST_INTR_STATE_MOV_SS;
else if (mask & KVM_X86_SHADOW_INT_STI)
interruptibility |= GUEST_INTR_STATE_STI;
if ((interruptibility != interruptibility_old))
vmcs_write32(GUEST_INTERRUPTIBILITY_INFO, interruptibility);
}
static void skip_emulated_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
unsigned long rip;
rip = kvm_rip_read(vcpu);
rip += vmcs_read32(VM_EXIT_INSTRUCTION_LEN);
kvm_rip_write(vcpu, rip);
/* skipping an emulated instruction also counts */
vmx_set_interrupt_shadow(vcpu, 0);
}
/*
* KVM wants to inject page-faults which it got to the guest. This function
* checks whether in a nested guest, we need to inject them to L1 or L2.
*/
static int nested_vmx_check_exception(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned nr)
{
struct vmcs12 *vmcs12 = get_vmcs12(vcpu);
if (!(vmcs12->exception_bitmap & (1u << nr)))
return 0;
nested_vmx_vmexit(vcpu, to_vmx(vcpu)->exit_reason,
vmcs_read32(VM_EXIT_INTR_INFO),
vmcs_readl(EXIT_QUALIFICATION));
return 1;
}
static void vmx_queue_exception(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned nr,
bool has_error_code, u32 error_code,
bool reinject)
{
struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
u32 intr_info = nr | INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK;
if (!reinject && is_guest_mode(vcpu) &&
nested_vmx_check_exception(vcpu, nr))
return;
if (has_error_code) {
vmcs_write32(VM_ENTRY_EXCEPTION_ERROR_CODE, error_code);
intr_info |= INTR_INFO_DELIVER_CODE_MASK;
}
if (vmx->rmode.vm86_active) {
int inc_eip = 0;
if (kvm_exception_is_soft(nr))
inc_eip = vcpu->arch.event_exit_inst_len;
if (kvm_inject_realmode_interrupt(vcpu, nr, inc_eip) != EMULATE_DONE)
kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_TRIPLE_FAULT, vcpu);
return;
}
if (kvm_exception_is_soft(nr)) {
vmcs_write32(VM_ENTRY_INSTRUCTION_LEN,
vmx->vcpu.arch.event_exit_inst_len);
intr_info |= INTR_TYPE_SOFT_EXCEPTION;
} else
intr_info |= INTR_TYPE_HARD_EXCEPTION;
vmcs_write32(VM_ENTRY_INTR_INFO_FIELD, intr_info);
}
static bool vmx_rdtscp_supported(void)
{
return cpu_has_vmx_rdtscp();
}
static bool vmx_invpcid_supported(void)
{
return cpu_has_vmx_invpcid() && enable_ept;
}
/*
* Swap MSR entry in host/guest MSR entry array.
*/
static void move_msr_up(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, int from, int to)
{
struct shared_msr_entry tmp;
tmp = vmx->guest_msrs[to];
vmx->guest_msrs[to] = vmx->guest_msrs[from];
vmx->guest_msrs[from] = tmp;
}
static void vmx_set_msr_bitmap(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
unsigned long *msr_bitmap;
if (is_guest_mode(vcpu))
msr_bitmap = vmx_msr_bitmap_nested;
else if (cpu_has_secondary_exec_ctrls() &&
(vmcs_read32(SECONDARY_VM_EXEC_CONTROL) &
SECONDARY_EXEC_VIRTUALIZE_X2APIC_MODE)) {
if (is_long_mode(vcpu))
msr_bitmap = vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode_x2apic;
else
msr_bitmap = vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy_x2apic;
} else {
if (is_long_mode(vcpu))
msr_bitmap = vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode;
else
msr_bitmap = vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy;
}
vmcs_write64(MSR_BITMAP, __pa(msr_bitmap));
}
/*
* Set up the vmcs to automatically save and restore system
* msrs. Don't touch the 64-bit msrs if the guest is in legacy
* mode, as fiddling with msrs is very expensive.
*/
static void setup_msrs(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
{
int save_nmsrs, index;
save_nmsrs = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
if (is_long_mode(&vmx->vcpu)) {
index = __find_msr_index(vmx, MSR_SYSCALL_MASK);
if (index >= 0)
move_msr_up(vmx, index, save_nmsrs++);
index = __find_msr_index(vmx, MSR_LSTAR);
if (index >= 0)
move_msr_up(vmx, index, save_nmsrs++);
index = __find_msr_index(vmx, MSR_CSTAR);
if (index >= 0)
move_msr_up(vmx, index, save_nmsrs++);
index = __find_msr_index(vmx, MSR_TSC_AUX);
if (index >= 0 && guest_cpuid_has_rdtscp(&vmx->vcpu))
move_msr_up(vmx, index, save_nmsrs++);
/*
* MSR_STAR is only needed on long mode guests, and only
* if efer.sce is enabled.
*/
index = __find_msr_index(vmx, MSR_STAR);
if ((index >= 0) && (vmx->vcpu.arch.efer & EFER_SCE))
move_msr_up(vmx, index, save_nmsrs++);
}
#endif
index = __find_msr_index(vmx, MSR_EFER);
if (index >= 0 && update_transition_efer(vmx, index))
move_msr_up(vmx, index, save_nmsrs++);
vmx->save_nmsrs = save_nmsrs;
if (cpu_has_vmx_msr_bitmap())
vmx_set_msr_bitmap(&vmx->vcpu);
}
/*
* reads and returns guest's timestamp counter "register"
* guest_tsc = (host_tsc * tsc multiplier) >> 48 + tsc_offset
* -- Intel TSC Scaling for Virtualization White Paper, sec 1.3
*/
static u64 guest_read_tsc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
u64 host_tsc, tsc_offset;
host_tsc = rdtsc();
tsc_offset = vmcs_read64(TSC_OFFSET);
return kvm_scale_tsc(vcpu, host_tsc) + tsc_offset;
}
/*
* Like guest_read_tsc, but always returns L1's notion of the timestamp
* counter, even if a nested guest (L2) is currently running.
*/
static u64 vmx_read_l1_tsc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 host_tsc)
{
u64 tsc_offset;
tsc_offset = is_guest_mode(vcpu) ?
to_vmx(vcpu)->nested.vmcs01_tsc_offset :
vmcs_read64(TSC_OFFSET);
return host_tsc + tsc_offset;
}
static u64 vmx_read_tsc_offset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return vmcs_read64(TSC_OFFSET);
}
/*
* writes 'offset' into guest's timestamp counter offset register
*/
static void vmx_write_tsc_offset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 offset)
{
if (is_guest_mode(vcpu)) {
/*
* We're here if L1 chose not to trap WRMSR to TSC. According
* to the spec, this should set L1's TSC; The offset that L1
* set for L2 remains unchanged, and still needs to be added
* to the newly set TSC to get L2's TSC.
*/
struct vmcs12 *vmcs12;
to_vmx(vcpu)->nested.vmcs01_tsc_offset = offset;
/* recalculate vmcs02.TSC_OFFSET: */
vmcs12 = get_vmcs12(vcpu);
vmcs_write64(TSC_OFFSET, offset +
(nested_cpu_has(vmcs12, CPU_BASED_USE_TSC_OFFSETING) ?
vmcs12->tsc_offset : 0));
} else {
trace_kvm_write_tsc_offset(vcpu->vcpu_id,
vmcs_read64(TSC_OFFSET), offset);
vmcs_write64(TSC_OFFSET, offset);
}
}
static void vmx_adjust_tsc_offset_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, s64 adjustment)
{
u64 offset = vmcs_read64(TSC_OFFSET);
vmcs_write64(TSC_OFFSET, offset + adjustment);
if (is_guest_mode(vcpu)) {
/* Even when running L2, the adjustment needs to apply to L1 */
to_vmx(vcpu)->nested.vmcs01_tsc_offset += adjustment;
} else
trace_kvm_write_tsc_offset(vcpu->vcpu_id, offset,
offset + adjustment);
}
static bool guest_cpuid_has_vmx(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *best = kvm_find_cpuid_entry(vcpu, 1, 0);
return best && (best->ecx & (1 << (X86_FEATURE_VMX & 31)));
}
/*
* nested_vmx_allowed() checks whether a guest should be allowed to use VMX
* instructions and MSRs (i.e., nested VMX). Nested VMX is disabled for
* all guests if the "nested" module option is off, and can also be disabled
* for a single guest by disabling its VMX cpuid bit.
*/
static inline bool nested_vmx_allowed(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return nested && guest_cpuid_has_vmx(vcpu);
}
/*
* nested_vmx_setup_ctls_msrs() sets up variables containing the values to be
* returned for the various VMX controls MSRs when nested VMX is enabled.
* The same values should also be used to verify that vmcs12 control fields are
* valid during nested entry from L1 to L2.
* Each of these control msrs has a low and high 32-bit half: A low bit is on
* if the corresponding bit in the (32-bit) control field *must* be on, and a
* bit in the high half is on if the corresponding bit in the control field
* may be on. See also vmx_control_verify().
*/
static void nested_vmx_setup_ctls_msrs(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
{
/*
* Note that as a general rule, the high half of the MSRs (bits in
* the control fields which may be 1) should be initialized by the
* intersection of the underlying hardware's MSR (i.e., features which
* can be supported) and the list of features we want to expose -
* because they are known to be properly supported in our code.
* Also, usually, the low half of the MSRs (bits which must be 1) can
* be set to 0, meaning that L1 may turn off any of these bits. The
* reason is that if one of these bits is necessary, it will appear
* in vmcs01 and prepare_vmcs02, when it bitwise-or's the control
* fields of vmcs01 and vmcs02, will turn these bits off - and
* nested_vmx_exit_handled() will not pass related exits to L1.
* These rules have exceptions below.
*/
/* pin-based controls */
rdmsr(MSR_IA32_VMX_PINBASED_CTLS,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_pinbased_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_pinbased_ctls_high);
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_pinbased_ctls_low |=
PIN_BASED_ALWAYSON_WITHOUT_TRUE_MSR;
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_pinbased_ctls_high &=
PIN_BASED_EXT_INTR_MASK |
PIN_BASED_NMI_EXITING |
PIN_BASED_VIRTUAL_NMIS;
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_pinbased_ctls_high |=
PIN_BASED_ALWAYSON_WITHOUT_TRUE_MSR |
PIN_BASED_VMX_PREEMPTION_TIMER;
if (kvm_vcpu_apicv_active(&vmx->vcpu))
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_pinbased_ctls_high |=
PIN_BASED_POSTED_INTR;
/* exit controls */
rdmsr(MSR_IA32_VMX_EXIT_CTLS,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_exit_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_exit_ctls_high);
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_exit_ctls_low =
VM_EXIT_ALWAYSON_WITHOUT_TRUE_MSR;
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_exit_ctls_high &=
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
VM_EXIT_HOST_ADDR_SPACE_SIZE |
#endif
VM_EXIT_LOAD_IA32_PAT | VM_EXIT_SAVE_IA32_PAT;
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_exit_ctls_high |=
VM_EXIT_ALWAYSON_WITHOUT_TRUE_MSR |
VM_EXIT_LOAD_IA32_EFER | VM_EXIT_SAVE_IA32_EFER |
VM_EXIT_SAVE_VMX_PREEMPTION_TIMER | VM_EXIT_ACK_INTR_ON_EXIT;
if (kvm_mpx_supported())
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_exit_ctls_high |= VM_EXIT_CLEAR_BNDCFGS;
/* We support free control of debug control saving. */
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_true_exit_ctls_low =
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_exit_ctls_low &
~VM_EXIT_SAVE_DEBUG_CONTROLS;
/* entry controls */
rdmsr(MSR_IA32_VMX_ENTRY_CTLS,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_entry_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_entry_ctls_high);
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_entry_ctls_low =
VM_ENTRY_ALWAYSON_WITHOUT_TRUE_MSR;
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_entry_ctls_high &=
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
VM_ENTRY_IA32E_MODE |
#endif
VM_ENTRY_LOAD_IA32_PAT;
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_entry_ctls_high |=
(VM_ENTRY_ALWAYSON_WITHOUT_TRUE_MSR | VM_ENTRY_LOAD_IA32_EFER);
if (kvm_mpx_supported())
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_entry_ctls_high |= VM_ENTRY_LOAD_BNDCFGS;
/* We support free control of debug control loading. */
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_true_entry_ctls_low =
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_entry_ctls_low &
~VM_ENTRY_LOAD_DEBUG_CONTROLS;
/* cpu-based controls */
rdmsr(MSR_IA32_VMX_PROCBASED_CTLS,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_procbased_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_procbased_ctls_high);
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_procbased_ctls_low =
CPU_BASED_ALWAYSON_WITHOUT_TRUE_MSR;
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_procbased_ctls_high &=
CPU_BASED_VIRTUAL_INTR_PENDING |
CPU_BASED_VIRTUAL_NMI_PENDING | CPU_BASED_USE_TSC_OFFSETING |
CPU_BASED_HLT_EXITING | CPU_BASED_INVLPG_EXITING |
CPU_BASED_MWAIT_EXITING | CPU_BASED_CR3_LOAD_EXITING |
CPU_BASED_CR3_STORE_EXITING |
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
CPU_BASED_CR8_LOAD_EXITING | CPU_BASED_CR8_STORE_EXITING |
#endif
CPU_BASED_MOV_DR_EXITING | CPU_BASED_UNCOND_IO_EXITING |
CPU_BASED_USE_IO_BITMAPS | CPU_BASED_MONITOR_TRAP_FLAG |
CPU_BASED_MONITOR_EXITING | CPU_BASED_RDPMC_EXITING |
CPU_BASED_RDTSC_EXITING | CPU_BASED_PAUSE_EXITING |
CPU_BASED_TPR_SHADOW | CPU_BASED_ACTIVATE_SECONDARY_CONTROLS;
/*
* We can allow some features even when not supported by the
* hardware. For example, L1 can specify an MSR bitmap - and we
* can use it to avoid exits to L1 - even when L0 runs L2
* without MSR bitmaps.
*/
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_procbased_ctls_high |=
CPU_BASED_ALWAYSON_WITHOUT_TRUE_MSR |
CPU_BASED_USE_MSR_BITMAPS;
/* We support free control of CR3 access interception. */
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_true_procbased_ctls_low =
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_procbased_ctls_low &
~(CPU_BASED_CR3_LOAD_EXITING | CPU_BASED_CR3_STORE_EXITING);
/* secondary cpu-based controls */
rdmsr(MSR_IA32_VMX_PROCBASED_CTLS2,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_secondary_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_secondary_ctls_high);
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_secondary_ctls_low = 0;
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_secondary_ctls_high &=
SECONDARY_EXEC_VIRTUALIZE_APIC_ACCESSES |
SECONDARY_EXEC_RDTSCP |
SECONDARY_EXEC_VIRTUALIZE_X2APIC_MODE |
SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_VPID |
SECONDARY_EXEC_APIC_REGISTER_VIRT |
SECONDARY_EXEC_VIRTUAL_INTR_DELIVERY |
SECONDARY_EXEC_WBINVD_EXITING |
SECONDARY_EXEC_XSAVES |
SECONDARY_EXEC_PCOMMIT;
if (enable_ept) {
/* nested EPT: emulate EPT also to L1 */
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_secondary_ctls_high |=
SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_EPT;
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_ept_caps = VMX_EPT_PAGE_WALK_4_BIT |
VMX_EPTP_WB_BIT | VMX_EPT_2MB_PAGE_BIT |
VMX_EPT_INVEPT_BIT;
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_ept_caps &= vmx_capability.ept;
/*
* For nested guests, we don't do anything specific
* for single context invalidation. Hence, only advertise
* support for global context invalidation.
*/
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_ept_caps |= VMX_EPT_EXTENT_GLOBAL_BIT;
} else
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_ept_caps = 0;
/*
* Old versions of KVM use the single-context version without
* checking for support, so declare that it is supported even
* though it is treated as global context. The alternative is
* not failing the single-context invvpid, and it is worse.
*/
if (enable_vpid)
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_vpid_caps = VMX_VPID_INVVPID_BIT |
VMX_VPID_EXTENT_SINGLE_CONTEXT_BIT |
VMX_VPID_EXTENT_GLOBAL_CONTEXT_BIT;
else
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_vpid_caps = 0;
if (enable_unrestricted_guest)
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_secondary_ctls_high |=
SECONDARY_EXEC_UNRESTRICTED_GUEST;
/* miscellaneous data */
rdmsr(MSR_IA32_VMX_MISC,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_misc_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_misc_high);
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_misc_low &= VMX_MISC_SAVE_EFER_LMA;
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_misc_low |=
VMX_MISC_EMULATED_PREEMPTION_TIMER_RATE |
VMX_MISC_ACTIVITY_HLT;
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_misc_high = 0;
}
static inline bool vmx_control_verify(u32 control, u32 low, u32 high)
{
/*
* Bits 0 in high must be 0, and bits 1 in low must be 1.
*/
return ((control & high) | low) == control;
}
static inline u64 vmx_control_msr(u32 low, u32 high)
{
return low | ((u64)high << 32);
}
/* Returns 0 on success, non-0 otherwise. */
static int vmx_get_vmx_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 msr_index, u64 *pdata)
{
struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
switch (msr_index) {
case MSR_IA32_VMX_BASIC:
/*
* This MSR reports some information about VMX support. We
* should return information about the VMX we emulate for the
* guest, and the VMCS structure we give it - not about the
* VMX support of the underlying hardware.
*/
*pdata = VMCS12_REVISION | VMX_BASIC_TRUE_CTLS |
((u64)VMCS12_SIZE << VMX_BASIC_VMCS_SIZE_SHIFT) |
(VMX_BASIC_MEM_TYPE_WB << VMX_BASIC_MEM_TYPE_SHIFT);
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_TRUE_PINBASED_CTLS:
case MSR_IA32_VMX_PINBASED_CTLS:
*pdata = vmx_control_msr(
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_pinbased_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_pinbased_ctls_high);
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_TRUE_PROCBASED_CTLS:
*pdata = vmx_control_msr(
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_true_procbased_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_procbased_ctls_high);
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_PROCBASED_CTLS:
*pdata = vmx_control_msr(
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_procbased_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_procbased_ctls_high);
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_TRUE_EXIT_CTLS:
*pdata = vmx_control_msr(
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_true_exit_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_exit_ctls_high);
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_EXIT_CTLS:
*pdata = vmx_control_msr(
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_exit_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_exit_ctls_high);
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_TRUE_ENTRY_CTLS:
*pdata = vmx_control_msr(
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_true_entry_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_entry_ctls_high);
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_ENTRY_CTLS:
*pdata = vmx_control_msr(
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_entry_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_entry_ctls_high);
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_MISC:
*pdata = vmx_control_msr(
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_misc_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_misc_high);
break;
/*
* These MSRs specify bits which the guest must keep fixed (on or off)
* while L1 is in VMXON mode (in L1's root mode, or running an L2).
* We picked the standard core2 setting.
*/
#define VMXON_CR0_ALWAYSON (X86_CR0_PE | X86_CR0_PG | X86_CR0_NE)
#define VMXON_CR4_ALWAYSON X86_CR4_VMXE
case MSR_IA32_VMX_CR0_FIXED0:
*pdata = VMXON_CR0_ALWAYSON;
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_CR0_FIXED1:
*pdata = -1ULL;
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_CR4_FIXED0:
*pdata = VMXON_CR4_ALWAYSON;
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_CR4_FIXED1:
*pdata = -1ULL;
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_VMCS_ENUM:
*pdata = 0x2e; /* highest index: VMX_PREEMPTION_TIMER_VALUE */
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_PROCBASED_CTLS2:
*pdata = vmx_control_msr(
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_secondary_ctls_low,
vmx->nested.nested_vmx_secondary_ctls_high);
break;
case MSR_IA32_VMX_EPT_VPID_CAP:
/* Currently, no nested vpid support */
*pdata = vmx->nested.nested_vmx_ept_caps |
((u64)vmx->nested.nested_vmx_vpid_caps << 32);
break;
default:
return 1;
}
return 0;
}