blob: 017d5394f5dc9206c21259d61f77936396796448 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* kernel/sched/core.c
*
* Kernel scheduler and related syscalls
*
* Copyright (C) 1991-2002 Linus Torvalds
*
* 1996-12-23 Modified by Dave Grothe to fix bugs in semaphores and
* make semaphores SMP safe
* 1998-11-19 Implemented schedule_timeout() and related stuff
* by Andrea Arcangeli
* 2002-01-04 New ultra-scalable O(1) scheduler by Ingo Molnar:
* hybrid priority-list and round-robin design with
* an array-switch method of distributing timeslices
* and per-CPU runqueues. Cleanups and useful suggestions
* by Davide Libenzi, preemptible kernel bits by Robert Love.
* 2003-09-03 Interactivity tuning by Con Kolivas.
* 2004-04-02 Scheduler domains code by Nick Piggin
* 2007-04-15 Work begun on replacing all interactivity tuning with a
* fair scheduling design by Con Kolivas.
* 2007-05-05 Load balancing (smp-nice) and other improvements
* by Peter Williams
* 2007-05-06 Interactivity improvements to CFS by Mike Galbraith
* 2007-07-01 Group scheduling enhancements by Srivatsa Vaddagiri
* 2007-11-29 RT balancing improvements by Steven Rostedt, Gregory Haskins,
* Thomas Gleixner, Mike Kravetz
*/
#include <linux/kasan.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/nmi.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/mmu_context.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/debug_locks.h>
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/profile.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/cpuset.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/times.h>
#include <linux/tsacct_kern.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
#include <linux/delayacct.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
#include <linux/tick.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/ftrace.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/init_task.h>
#include <linux/context_tracking.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/frame.h>
#include <asm/switch_to.h>
#include <asm/tlb.h>
#include <asm/irq_regs.h>
#include <asm/mutex.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
#include <asm/paravirt.h>
#endif
#include "sched.h"
#include "../workqueue_internal.h"
#include "../smpboot.h"
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/sched.h>
DEFINE_MUTEX(sched_domains_mutex);
DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct rq, runqueues);
static void update_rq_clock_task(struct rq *rq, s64 delta);
void update_rq_clock(struct rq *rq)
{
s64 delta;
lockdep_assert_held(&rq->lock);
if (rq->clock_skip_update & RQCF_ACT_SKIP)
return;
delta = sched_clock_cpu(cpu_of(rq)) - rq->clock;
if (delta < 0)
return;
rq->clock += delta;
update_rq_clock_task(rq, delta);
}
/*
* Debugging: various feature bits
*/
#define SCHED_FEAT(name, enabled) \
(1UL << __SCHED_FEAT_##name) * enabled |
const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_features =
#include "features.h"
0;
#undef SCHED_FEAT
/*
* Number of tasks to iterate in a single balance run.
* Limited because this is done with IRQs disabled.
*/
const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_nr_migrate = 32;
/*
* period over which we average the RT time consumption, measured
* in ms.
*
* default: 1s
*/
const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_time_avg = MSEC_PER_SEC;
/*
* period over which we measure -rt task cpu usage in us.
* default: 1s
*/
unsigned int sysctl_sched_rt_period = 1000000;
__read_mostly int scheduler_running;
/*
* part of the period that we allow rt tasks to run in us.
* default: 0.95s
*/
int sysctl_sched_rt_runtime = 950000;
/* cpus with isolated domains */
cpumask_var_t cpu_isolated_map;
/*
* this_rq_lock - lock this runqueue and disable interrupts.
*/
static struct rq *this_rq_lock(void)
__acquires(rq->lock)
{
struct rq *rq;
local_irq_disable();
rq = this_rq();
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
return rq;
}
/*
* __task_rq_lock - lock the rq @p resides on.
*/
struct rq *__task_rq_lock(struct task_struct *p, struct rq_flags *rf)
__acquires(rq->lock)
{
struct rq *rq;
lockdep_assert_held(&p->pi_lock);
for (;;) {
rq = task_rq(p);
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
if (likely(rq == task_rq(p) && !task_on_rq_migrating(p))) {
rf->cookie = lockdep_pin_lock(&rq->lock);
return rq;
}
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
while (unlikely(task_on_rq_migrating(p)))
cpu_relax();
}
}
/*
* task_rq_lock - lock p->pi_lock and lock the rq @p resides on.
*/
struct rq *task_rq_lock(struct task_struct *p, struct rq_flags *rf)
__acquires(p->pi_lock)
__acquires(rq->lock)
{
struct rq *rq;
for (;;) {
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, rf->flags);
rq = task_rq(p);
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
/*
* move_queued_task() task_rq_lock()
*
* ACQUIRE (rq->lock)
* [S] ->on_rq = MIGRATING [L] rq = task_rq()
* WMB (__set_task_cpu()) ACQUIRE (rq->lock);
* [S] ->cpu = new_cpu [L] task_rq()
* [L] ->on_rq
* RELEASE (rq->lock)
*
* If we observe the old cpu in task_rq_lock, the acquire of
* the old rq->lock will fully serialize against the stores.
*
* If we observe the new cpu in task_rq_lock, the acquire will
* pair with the WMB to ensure we must then also see migrating.
*/
if (likely(rq == task_rq(p) && !task_on_rq_migrating(p))) {
rf->cookie = lockdep_pin_lock(&rq->lock);
return rq;
}
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, rf->flags);
while (unlikely(task_on_rq_migrating(p)))
cpu_relax();
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
/*
* Use HR-timers to deliver accurate preemption points.
*/
static void hrtick_clear(struct rq *rq)
{
if (hrtimer_active(&rq->hrtick_timer))
hrtimer_cancel(&rq->hrtick_timer);
}
/*
* High-resolution timer tick.
* Runs from hardirq context with interrupts disabled.
*/
static enum hrtimer_restart hrtick(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
struct rq *rq = container_of(timer, struct rq, hrtick_timer);
WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_of(rq) != smp_processor_id());
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
update_rq_clock(rq);
rq->curr->sched_class->task_tick(rq, rq->curr, 1);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static void __hrtick_restart(struct rq *rq)
{
struct hrtimer *timer = &rq->hrtick_timer;
hrtimer_start_expires(timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED);
}
/*
* called from hardirq (IPI) context
*/
static void __hrtick_start(void *arg)
{
struct rq *rq = arg;
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
__hrtick_restart(rq);
rq->hrtick_csd_pending = 0;
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
}
/*
* Called to set the hrtick timer state.
*
* called with rq->lock held and irqs disabled
*/
void hrtick_start(struct rq *rq, u64 delay)
{
struct hrtimer *timer = &rq->hrtick_timer;
ktime_t time;
s64 delta;
/*
* Don't schedule slices shorter than 10000ns, that just
* doesn't make sense and can cause timer DoS.
*/
delta = max_t(s64, delay, 10000LL);
time = ktime_add_ns(timer->base->get_time(), delta);
hrtimer_set_expires(timer, time);
if (rq == this_rq()) {
__hrtick_restart(rq);
} else if (!rq->hrtick_csd_pending) {
smp_call_function_single_async(cpu_of(rq), &rq->hrtick_csd);
rq->hrtick_csd_pending = 1;
}
}
#else
/*
* Called to set the hrtick timer state.
*
* called with rq->lock held and irqs disabled
*/
void hrtick_start(struct rq *rq, u64 delay)
{
/*
* Don't schedule slices shorter than 10000ns, that just
* doesn't make sense. Rely on vruntime for fairness.
*/
delay = max_t(u64, delay, 10000LL);
hrtimer_start(&rq->hrtick_timer, ns_to_ktime(delay),
HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
static void init_rq_hrtick(struct rq *rq)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
rq->hrtick_csd_pending = 0;
rq->hrtick_csd.flags = 0;
rq->hrtick_csd.func = __hrtick_start;
rq->hrtick_csd.info = rq;
#endif
hrtimer_init(&rq->hrtick_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
rq->hrtick_timer.function = hrtick;
}
#else /* CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK */
static inline void hrtick_clear(struct rq *rq)
{
}
static inline void init_rq_hrtick(struct rq *rq)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK */
/*
* cmpxchg based fetch_or, macro so it works for different integer types
*/
#define fetch_or(ptr, mask) \
({ \
typeof(ptr) _ptr = (ptr); \
typeof(mask) _mask = (mask); \
typeof(*_ptr) _old, _val = *_ptr; \
\
for (;;) { \
_old = cmpxchg(_ptr, _val, _val | _mask); \
if (_old == _val) \
break; \
_val = _old; \
} \
_old; \
})
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG)
/*
* Atomically set TIF_NEED_RESCHED and test for TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG,
* this avoids any races wrt polling state changes and thereby avoids
* spurious IPIs.
*/
static bool set_nr_and_not_polling(struct task_struct *p)
{
struct thread_info *ti = task_thread_info(p);
return !(fetch_or(&ti->flags, _TIF_NEED_RESCHED) & _TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG);
}
/*
* Atomically set TIF_NEED_RESCHED if TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG is set.
*
* If this returns true, then the idle task promises to call
* sched_ttwu_pending() and reschedule soon.
*/
static bool set_nr_if_polling(struct task_struct *p)
{
struct thread_info *ti = task_thread_info(p);
typeof(ti->flags) old, val = READ_ONCE(ti->flags);
for (;;) {
if (!(val & _TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG))
return false;
if (val & _TIF_NEED_RESCHED)
return true;
old = cmpxchg(&ti->flags, val, val | _TIF_NEED_RESCHED);
if (old == val)
break;
val = old;
}
return true;
}
#else
static bool set_nr_and_not_polling(struct task_struct *p)
{
set_tsk_need_resched(p);
return true;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static bool set_nr_if_polling(struct task_struct *p)
{
return false;
}
#endif
#endif
void wake_q_add(struct wake_q_head *head, struct task_struct *task)
{
struct wake_q_node *node = &task->wake_q;
/*
* Atomically grab the task, if ->wake_q is !nil already it means
* its already queued (either by us or someone else) and will get the
* wakeup due to that.
*
* This cmpxchg() implies a full barrier, which pairs with the write
* barrier implied by the wakeup in wake_up_q().
*/
if (cmpxchg(&node->next, NULL, WAKE_Q_TAIL))
return;
get_task_struct(task);
/*
* The head is context local, there can be no concurrency.
*/
*head->lastp = node;
head->lastp = &node->next;
}
void wake_up_q(struct wake_q_head *head)
{
struct wake_q_node *node = head->first;
while (node != WAKE_Q_TAIL) {
struct task_struct *task;
task = container_of(node, struct task_struct, wake_q);
BUG_ON(!task);
/* task can safely be re-inserted now */
node = node->next;
task->wake_q.next = NULL;
/*
* wake_up_process() implies a wmb() to pair with the queueing
* in wake_q_add() so as not to miss wakeups.
*/
wake_up_process(task);
put_task_struct(task);
}
}
/*
* resched_curr - mark rq's current task 'to be rescheduled now'.
*
* On UP this means the setting of the need_resched flag, on SMP it
* might also involve a cross-CPU call to trigger the scheduler on
* the target CPU.
*/
void resched_curr(struct rq *rq)
{
struct task_struct *curr = rq->curr;
int cpu;
lockdep_assert_held(&rq->lock);
if (test_tsk_need_resched(curr))
return;
cpu = cpu_of(rq);
if (cpu == smp_processor_id()) {
set_tsk_need_resched(curr);
set_preempt_need_resched();
return;
}
if (set_nr_and_not_polling(curr))
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
else
trace_sched_wake_idle_without_ipi(cpu);
}
void resched_cpu(int cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long flags;
if (!raw_spin_trylock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags))
return;
resched_curr(rq);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON
/*
* In the semi idle case, use the nearest busy cpu for migrating timers
* from an idle cpu. This is good for power-savings.
*
* We don't do similar optimization for completely idle system, as
* selecting an idle cpu will add more delays to the timers than intended
* (as that cpu's timer base may not be uptodate wrt jiffies etc).
*/
int get_nohz_timer_target(void)
{
int i, cpu = smp_processor_id();
struct sched_domain *sd;
if (!idle_cpu(cpu) && is_housekeeping_cpu(cpu))
return cpu;
rcu_read_lock();
for_each_domain(cpu, sd) {
for_each_cpu(i, sched_domain_span(sd)) {
if (cpu == i)
continue;
if (!idle_cpu(i) && is_housekeeping_cpu(i)) {
cpu = i;
goto unlock;
}
}
}
if (!is_housekeeping_cpu(cpu))
cpu = housekeeping_any_cpu();
unlock:
rcu_read_unlock();
return cpu;
}
/*
* When add_timer_on() enqueues a timer into the timer wheel of an
* idle CPU then this timer might expire before the next timer event
* which is scheduled to wake up that CPU. In case of a completely
* idle system the next event might even be infinite time into the
* future. wake_up_idle_cpu() ensures that the CPU is woken up and
* leaves the inner idle loop so the newly added timer is taken into
* account when the CPU goes back to idle and evaluates the timer
* wheel for the next timer event.
*/
static void wake_up_idle_cpu(int cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
if (cpu == smp_processor_id())
return;
if (set_nr_and_not_polling(rq->idle))
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
else
trace_sched_wake_idle_without_ipi(cpu);
}
static bool wake_up_full_nohz_cpu(int cpu)
{
/*
* We just need the target to call irq_exit() and re-evaluate
* the next tick. The nohz full kick at least implies that.
* If needed we can still optimize that later with an
* empty IRQ.
*/
if (tick_nohz_full_cpu(cpu)) {
if (cpu != smp_processor_id() ||
tick_nohz_tick_stopped())
tick_nohz_full_kick_cpu(cpu);
return true;
}
return false;
}
void wake_up_nohz_cpu(int cpu)
{
if (!wake_up_full_nohz_cpu(cpu))
wake_up_idle_cpu(cpu);
}
static inline bool got_nohz_idle_kick(void)
{
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
if (!test_bit(NOHZ_BALANCE_KICK, nohz_flags(cpu)))
return false;
if (idle_cpu(cpu) && !need_resched())
return true;
/*
* We can't run Idle Load Balance on this CPU for this time so we
* cancel it and clear NOHZ_BALANCE_KICK
*/
clear_bit(NOHZ_BALANCE_KICK, nohz_flags(cpu));
return false;
}
#else /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON */
static inline bool got_nohz_idle_kick(void)
{
return false;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON */
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL
bool sched_can_stop_tick(struct rq *rq)
{
int fifo_nr_running;
/* Deadline tasks, even if single, need the tick */
if (rq->dl.dl_nr_running)
return false;
/*
* If there are more than one RR tasks, we need the tick to effect the
* actual RR behaviour.
*/
if (rq->rt.rr_nr_running) {
if (rq->rt.rr_nr_running == 1)
return true;
else
return false;
}
/*
* If there's no RR tasks, but FIFO tasks, we can skip the tick, no
* forced preemption between FIFO tasks.
*/
fifo_nr_running = rq->rt.rt_nr_running - rq->rt.rr_nr_running;
if (fifo_nr_running)
return true;
/*
* If there are no DL,RR/FIFO tasks, there must only be CFS tasks left;
* if there's more than one we need the tick for involuntary
* preemption.
*/
if (rq->nr_running > 1)
return false;
return true;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL */
void sched_avg_update(struct rq *rq)
{
s64 period = sched_avg_period();
while ((s64)(rq_clock(rq) - rq->age_stamp) > period) {
/*
* Inline assembly required to prevent the compiler
* optimising this loop into a divmod call.
* See __iter_div_u64_rem() for another example of this.
*/
asm("" : "+rm" (rq->age_stamp));
rq->age_stamp += period;
rq->rt_avg /= 2;
}
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
#if defined(CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED) || (defined(CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED) && \
(defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_CFS_BANDWIDTH)))
/*
* Iterate task_group tree rooted at *from, calling @down when first entering a
* node and @up when leaving it for the final time.
*
* Caller must hold rcu_lock or sufficient equivalent.
*/
int walk_tg_tree_from(struct task_group *from,
tg_visitor down, tg_visitor up, void *data)
{
struct task_group *parent, *child;
int ret;
parent = from;
down:
ret = (*down)(parent, data);
if (ret)
goto out;
list_for_each_entry_rcu(child, &parent->children, siblings) {
parent = child;
goto down;
up:
continue;
}
ret = (*up)(parent, data);
if (ret || parent == from)
goto out;
child = parent;
parent = parent->parent;
if (parent)
goto up;
out:
return ret;
}
int tg_nop(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
static void set_load_weight(struct task_struct *p)
{
int prio = p->static_prio - MAX_RT_PRIO;
struct load_weight *load = &p->se.load;
/*
* SCHED_IDLE tasks get minimal weight:
*/
if (idle_policy(p->policy)) {
load->weight = scale_load(WEIGHT_IDLEPRIO);
load->inv_weight = WMULT_IDLEPRIO;
return;
}
load->weight = scale_load(sched_prio_to_weight[prio]);
load->inv_weight = sched_prio_to_wmult[prio];
}
static inline void enqueue_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
{
update_rq_clock(rq);
if (!(flags & ENQUEUE_RESTORE))
sched_info_queued(rq, p);
p->sched_class->enqueue_task(rq, p, flags);
}
static inline void dequeue_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
{
update_rq_clock(rq);
if (!(flags & DEQUEUE_SAVE))
sched_info_dequeued(rq, p);
p->sched_class->dequeue_task(rq, p, flags);
}
void activate_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
{
if (task_contributes_to_load(p))
rq->nr_uninterruptible--;
enqueue_task(rq, p, flags);
}
void deactivate_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
{
if (task_contributes_to_load(p))
rq->nr_uninterruptible++;
dequeue_task(rq, p, flags);
}
static void update_rq_clock_task(struct rq *rq, s64 delta)
{
/*
* In theory, the compile should just see 0 here, and optimize out the call
* to sched_rt_avg_update. But I don't trust it...
*/
#if defined(CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING) || defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT_TIME_ACCOUNTING)
s64 steal = 0, irq_delta = 0;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING
irq_delta = irq_time_read(cpu_of(rq)) - rq->prev_irq_time;
/*
* Since irq_time is only updated on {soft,}irq_exit, we might run into
* this case when a previous update_rq_clock() happened inside a
* {soft,}irq region.
*
* When this happens, we stop ->clock_task and only update the
* prev_irq_time stamp to account for the part that fit, so that a next
* update will consume the rest. This ensures ->clock_task is
* monotonic.
*
* It does however cause some slight miss-attribution of {soft,}irq
* time, a more accurate solution would be to update the irq_time using
* the current rq->clock timestamp, except that would require using
* atomic ops.
*/
if (irq_delta > delta)
irq_delta = delta;
rq->prev_irq_time += irq_delta;
delta -= irq_delta;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_TIME_ACCOUNTING
if (static_key_false((&paravirt_steal_rq_enabled))) {
steal = paravirt_steal_clock(cpu_of(rq));
steal -= rq->prev_steal_time_rq;
if (unlikely(steal > delta))
steal = delta;
rq->prev_steal_time_rq += steal;
delta -= steal;
}
#endif
rq->clock_task += delta;
#if defined(CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING) || defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT_TIME_ACCOUNTING)
if ((irq_delta + steal) && sched_feat(NONTASK_CAPACITY))
sched_rt_avg_update(rq, irq_delta + steal);
#endif
}
void sched_set_stop_task(int cpu, struct task_struct *stop)
{
struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = MAX_RT_PRIO - 1 };
struct task_struct *old_stop = cpu_rq(cpu)->stop;
if (stop) {
/*
* Make it appear like a SCHED_FIFO task, its something
* userspace knows about and won't get confused about.
*
* Also, it will make PI more or less work without too
* much confusion -- but then, stop work should not
* rely on PI working anyway.
*/
sched_setscheduler_nocheck(stop, SCHED_FIFO, &param);
stop->sched_class = &stop_sched_class;
}
cpu_rq(cpu)->stop = stop;
if (old_stop) {
/*
* Reset it back to a normal scheduling class so that
* it can die in pieces.
*/
old_stop->sched_class = &rt_sched_class;
}
}
/*
* __normal_prio - return the priority that is based on the static prio
*/
static inline int __normal_prio(struct task_struct *p)
{
return p->static_prio;
}
/*
* Calculate the expected normal priority: i.e. priority
* without taking RT-inheritance into account. Might be
* boosted by interactivity modifiers. Changes upon fork,
* setprio syscalls, and whenever the interactivity
* estimator recalculates.
*/
static inline int normal_prio(struct task_struct *p)
{
int prio;
if (task_has_dl_policy(p))
prio = MAX_DL_PRIO-1;
else if (task_has_rt_policy(p))
prio = MAX_RT_PRIO-1 - p->rt_priority;
else
prio = __normal_prio(p);
return prio;
}
/*
* Calculate the current priority, i.e. the priority
* taken into account by the scheduler. This value might
* be boosted by RT tasks, or might be boosted by
* interactivity modifiers. Will be RT if the task got
* RT-boosted. If not then it returns p->normal_prio.
*/
static int effective_prio(struct task_struct *p)
{
p->normal_prio = normal_prio(p);
/*
* If we are RT tasks or we were boosted to RT priority,
* keep the priority unchanged. Otherwise, update priority
* to the normal priority:
*/
if (!rt_prio(p->prio))
return p->normal_prio;
return p->prio;
}
/**
* task_curr - is this task currently executing on a CPU?
* @p: the task in question.
*
* Return: 1 if the task is currently executing. 0 otherwise.
*/
inline int task_curr(const struct task_struct *p)
{
return cpu_curr(task_cpu(p)) == p;
}
/*
* switched_from, switched_to and prio_changed must _NOT_ drop rq->lock,
* use the balance_callback list if you want balancing.
*
* this means any call to check_class_changed() must be followed by a call to
* balance_callback().
*/
static inline void check_class_changed(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p,
const struct sched_class *prev_class,
int oldprio)
{
if (prev_class != p->sched_class) {
if (prev_class->switched_from)
prev_class->switched_from(rq, p);
p->sched_class->switched_to(rq, p);
} else if (oldprio != p->prio || dl_task(p))
p->sched_class->prio_changed(rq, p, oldprio);
}
void check_preempt_curr(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
{
const struct sched_class *class;
if (p->sched_class == rq->curr->sched_class) {
rq->curr->sched_class->check_preempt_curr(rq, p, flags);
} else {
for_each_class(class) {
if (class == rq->curr->sched_class)
break;
if (class == p->sched_class) {
resched_curr(rq);
break;
}
}
}
/*
* A queue event has occurred, and we're going to schedule. In
* this case, we can save a useless back to back clock update.
*/
if (task_on_rq_queued(rq->curr) && test_tsk_need_resched(rq->curr))
rq_clock_skip_update(rq, true);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* This is how migration works:
*
* 1) we invoke migration_cpu_stop() on the target CPU using
* stop_one_cpu().
* 2) stopper starts to run (implicitly forcing the migrated thread
* off the CPU)
* 3) it checks whether the migrated task is still in the wrong runqueue.
* 4) if it's in the wrong runqueue then the migration thread removes
* it and puts it into the right queue.
* 5) stopper completes and stop_one_cpu() returns and the migration
* is done.
*/
/*
* move_queued_task - move a queued task to new rq.
*
* Returns (locked) new rq. Old rq's lock is released.
*/
static struct rq *move_queued_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int new_cpu)
{
lockdep_assert_held(&rq->lock);
p->on_rq = TASK_ON_RQ_MIGRATING;
dequeue_task(rq, p, 0);
set_task_cpu(p, new_cpu);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
rq = cpu_rq(new_cpu);
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
BUG_ON(task_cpu(p) != new_cpu);
enqueue_task(rq, p, 0);
p->on_rq = TASK_ON_RQ_QUEUED;
check_preempt_curr(rq, p, 0);
return rq;
}
struct migration_arg {
struct task_struct *task;
int dest_cpu;
};
/*
* Move (not current) task off this cpu, onto dest cpu. We're doing
* this because either it can't run here any more (set_cpus_allowed()
* away from this CPU, or CPU going down), or because we're
* attempting to rebalance this task on exec (sched_exec).
*
* So we race with normal scheduler movements, but that's OK, as long
* as the task is no longer on this CPU.
*/
static struct rq *__migrate_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int dest_cpu)
{
if (unlikely(!cpu_active(dest_cpu)))
return rq;
/* Affinity changed (again). */
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(dest_cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(p)))
return rq;
rq = move_queued_task(rq, p, dest_cpu);
return rq;
}
/*
* migration_cpu_stop - this will be executed by a highprio stopper thread
* and performs thread migration by bumping thread off CPU then
* 'pushing' onto another runqueue.
*/
static int migration_cpu_stop(void *data)
{
struct migration_arg *arg = data;
struct task_struct *p = arg->task;
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
/*
* The original target cpu might have gone down and we might
* be on another cpu but it doesn't matter.
*/
local_irq_disable();
/*
* We need to explicitly wake pending tasks before running
* __migrate_task() such that we will not miss enforcing cpus_allowed
* during wakeups, see set_cpus_allowed_ptr()'s TASK_WAKING test.
*/
sched_ttwu_pending();
raw_spin_lock(&p->pi_lock);
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
/*
* If task_rq(p) != rq, it cannot be migrated here, because we're
* holding rq->lock, if p->on_rq == 0 it cannot get enqueued because
* we're holding p->pi_lock.
*/
if (task_rq(p) == rq && task_on_rq_queued(p))
rq = __migrate_task(rq, p, arg->dest_cpu);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
raw_spin_unlock(&p->pi_lock);
local_irq_enable();
return 0;
}
/*
* sched_class::set_cpus_allowed must do the below, but is not required to
* actually call this function.
*/
void set_cpus_allowed_common(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask)
{
cpumask_copy(&p->cpus_allowed, new_mask);
p->nr_cpus_allowed = cpumask_weight(new_mask);
}
void do_set_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask)
{
struct rq *rq = task_rq(p);
bool queued, running;
lockdep_assert_held(&p->pi_lock);
queued = task_on_rq_queued(p);
running = task_current(rq, p);
if (queued) {
/*
* Because __kthread_bind() calls this on blocked tasks without
* holding rq->lock.
*/
lockdep_assert_held(&rq->lock);
dequeue_task(rq, p, DEQUEUE_SAVE);
}
if (running)
put_prev_task(rq, p);
p->sched_class->set_cpus_allowed(p, new_mask);
if (running)
p->sched_class->set_curr_task(rq);
if (queued)
enqueue_task(rq, p, ENQUEUE_RESTORE);
}
/*
* Change a given task's CPU affinity. Migrate the thread to a
* proper CPU and schedule it away if the CPU it's executing on
* is removed from the allowed bitmask.
*
* NOTE: the caller must have a valid reference to the task, the
* task must not exit() & deallocate itself prematurely. The
* call is not atomic; no spinlocks may be held.
*/
static int __set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p,
const struct cpumask *new_mask, bool check)
{
const struct cpumask *cpu_valid_mask = cpu_active_mask;
unsigned int dest_cpu;
struct rq_flags rf;
struct rq *rq;
int ret = 0;
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &rf);
if (p->flags & PF_KTHREAD) {
/*
* Kernel threads are allowed on online && !active CPUs
*/
cpu_valid_mask = cpu_online_mask;
}
/*
* Must re-check here, to close a race against __kthread_bind(),
* sched_setaffinity() is not guaranteed to observe the flag.
*/
if (check && (p->flags & PF_NO_SETAFFINITY)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto out;
}
if (cpumask_equal(&p->cpus_allowed, new_mask))
goto out;
if (!cpumask_intersects(new_mask, cpu_valid_mask)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto out;
}
do_set_cpus_allowed(p, new_mask);
if (p->flags & PF_KTHREAD) {
/*
* For kernel threads that do indeed end up on online &&
* !active we want to ensure they are strict per-cpu threads.
*/
WARN_ON(cpumask_intersects(new_mask, cpu_online_mask) &&
!cpumask_intersects(new_mask, cpu_active_mask) &&
p->nr_cpus_allowed != 1);
}
/* Can the task run on the task's current CPU? If so, we're done */
if (cpumask_test_cpu(task_cpu(p), new_mask))
goto out;
dest_cpu = cpumask_any_and(cpu_valid_mask, new_mask);
if (task_running(rq, p) || p->state == TASK_WAKING) {
struct migration_arg arg = { p, dest_cpu };
/* Need help from migration thread: drop lock and wait. */
task_rq_unlock(rq, p, &rf);
stop_one_cpu(cpu_of(rq), migration_cpu_stop, &arg);
tlb_migrate_finish(p->mm);
return 0;
} else if (task_on_rq_queued(p)) {
/*
* OK, since we're going to drop the lock immediately
* afterwards anyway.
*/
lockdep_unpin_lock(&rq->lock, rf.cookie);
rq = move_queued_task(rq, p, dest_cpu);
lockdep_repin_lock(&rq->lock, rf.cookie);
}
out:
task_rq_unlock(rq, p, &rf);
return ret;
}
int set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask)
{
return __set_cpus_allowed_ptr(p, new_mask, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(set_cpus_allowed_ptr);
void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int new_cpu)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
/*
* We should never call set_task_cpu() on a blocked task,
* ttwu() will sort out the placement.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(p->state != TASK_RUNNING && p->state != TASK_WAKING &&
!p->on_rq);
/*
* Migrating fair class task must have p->on_rq = TASK_ON_RQ_MIGRATING,
* because schedstat_wait_{start,end} rebase migrating task's wait_start
* time relying on p->on_rq.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(p->state == TASK_RUNNING &&
p->sched_class == &fair_sched_class &&
(p->on_rq && !task_on_rq_migrating(p)));
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
/*
* The caller should hold either p->pi_lock or rq->lock, when changing
* a task's CPU. ->pi_lock for waking tasks, rq->lock for runnable tasks.
*
* sched_move_task() holds both and thus holding either pins the cgroup,
* see task_group().
*
* Furthermore, all task_rq users should acquire both locks, see
* task_rq_lock().
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(debug_locks && !(lockdep_is_held(&p->pi_lock) ||
lockdep_is_held(&task_rq(p)->lock)));
#endif
#endif
trace_sched_migrate_task(p, new_cpu);
if (task_cpu(p) != new_cpu) {
if (p->sched_class->migrate_task_rq)
p->sched_class->migrate_task_rq(p);
p->se.nr_migrations++;
perf_event_task_migrate(p);
}
__set_task_cpu(p, new_cpu);
}
static void __migrate_swap_task(struct task_struct *p, int cpu)
{
if (task_on_rq_queued(p)) {
struct rq *src_rq, *dst_rq;
src_rq = task_rq(p);
dst_rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
p->on_rq = TASK_ON_RQ_MIGRATING;
deactivate_task(src_rq, p, 0);
set_task_cpu(p, cpu);
activate_task(dst_rq, p, 0);
p->on_rq = TASK_ON_RQ_QUEUED;
check_preempt_curr(dst_rq, p, 0);
} else {
/*
* Task isn't running anymore; make it appear like we migrated
* it before it went to sleep. This means on wakeup we make the
* previous cpu our targer instead of where it really is.
*/
p->wake_cpu = cpu;
}
}
struct migration_swap_arg {
struct task_struct *src_task, *dst_task;
int src_cpu, dst_cpu;
};
static int migrate_swap_stop(void *data)
{
struct migration_swap_arg *arg = data;
struct rq *src_rq, *dst_rq;
int ret = -EAGAIN;
if (!cpu_active(arg->src_cpu) || !cpu_active(arg->dst_cpu))
return -EAGAIN;
src_rq = cpu_rq(arg->src_cpu);
dst_rq = cpu_rq(arg->dst_cpu);
double_raw_lock(&arg->src_task->pi_lock,
&arg->dst_task->pi_lock);
double_rq_lock(src_rq, dst_rq);
if (task_cpu(arg->dst_task) != arg->dst_cpu)
goto unlock;
if (task_cpu(arg->src_task) != arg->src_cpu)
goto unlock;
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(arg->dst_cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(arg->src_task)))
goto unlock;
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(arg->src_cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(arg->dst_task)))
goto unlock;
__migrate_swap_task(arg->src_task, arg->dst_cpu);
__migrate_swap_task(arg->dst_task, arg->src_cpu);
ret = 0;
unlock:
double_rq_unlock(src_rq, dst_rq);
raw_spin_unlock(&arg->dst_task->pi_lock);
raw_spin_unlock(&arg->src_task->pi_lock);
return ret;
}
/*
* Cross migrate two tasks
*/
int migrate_swap(struct task_struct *cur, struct task_struct *p)
{
struct migration_swap_arg arg;
int ret = -EINVAL;
arg = (struct migration_swap_arg){
.src_task = cur,
.src_cpu = task_cpu(cur),
.dst_task = p,
.dst_cpu = task_cpu(p),
};
if (arg.src_cpu == arg.dst_cpu)
goto out;
/*
* These three tests are all lockless; this is OK since all of them
* will be re-checked with proper locks held further down the line.
*/
if (!cpu_active(arg.src_cpu) || !cpu_active(arg.dst_cpu))
goto out;
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(arg.dst_cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(arg.src_task)))
goto out;
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(arg.src_cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(arg.dst_task)))
goto out;
trace_sched_swap_numa(cur, arg.src_cpu, p, arg.dst_cpu);
ret = stop_two_cpus(arg.dst_cpu, arg.src_cpu, migrate_swap_stop, &arg);
out:
return ret;
}
/*
* wait_task_inactive - wait for a thread to unschedule.
*
* If @match_state is nonzero, it's the @p->state value just checked and
* not expected to change. If it changes, i.e. @p might have woken up,
* then return zero. When we succeed in waiting for @p to be off its CPU,
* we return a positive number (its total switch count). If a second call
* a short while later returns the same number, the caller can be sure that
* @p has remained unscheduled the whole time.
*
* The caller must ensure that the task *will* unschedule sometime soon,
* else this function might spin for a *long* time. This function can't
* be called with interrupts off, or it may introduce deadlock with
* smp_call_function() if an IPI is sent by the same process we are
* waiting to become inactive.
*/
unsigned long wait_task_inactive(struct task_struct *p, long match_state)
{
int running, queued;
struct rq_flags rf;
unsigned long ncsw;
struct rq *rq;
for (;;) {
/*
* We do the initial early heuristics without holding
* any task-queue locks at all. We'll only try to get
* the runqueue lock when things look like they will
* work out!
*/
rq = task_rq(p);
/*
* If the task is actively running on another CPU
* still, just relax and busy-wait without holding
* any locks.
*
* NOTE! Since we don't hold any locks, it's not
* even sure that "rq" stays as the right runqueue!
* But we don't care, since "task_running()" will
* return false if the runqueue has changed and p
* is actually now running somewhere else!
*/
while (task_running(rq, p)) {
if (match_state && unlikely(p->state != match_state))
return 0;
cpu_relax();
}
/*
* Ok, time to look more closely! We need the rq
* lock now, to be *sure*. If we're wrong, we'll
* just go back and repeat.
*/
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &rf);
trace_sched_wait_task(p);
running = task_running(rq, p);
queued = task_on_rq_queued(p);
ncsw = 0;
if (!match_state || p->state == match_state)
ncsw = p->nvcsw | LONG_MIN; /* sets MSB */
task_rq_unlock(rq, p, &rf);
/*
* If it changed from the expected state, bail out now.
*/
if (unlikely(!ncsw))
break;
/*
* Was it really running after all now that we
* checked with the proper locks actually held?
*
* Oops. Go back and try again..
*/
if (unlikely(running)) {
cpu_relax();
continue;
}
/*
* It's not enough that it's not actively running,
* it must be off the runqueue _entirely_, and not
* preempted!
*
* So if it was still runnable (but just not actively
* running right now), it's preempted, and we should
* yield - it could be a while.
*/
if (unlikely(queued)) {
ktime_t to = ktime_set(0, NSEC_PER_SEC/HZ);
set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
schedule_hrtimeout(&to, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
continue;
}
/*
* Ahh, all good. It wasn't running, and it wasn't
* runnable, which means that it will never become
* running in the future either. We're all done!
*/
break;
}
return ncsw;
}
/***
* kick_process - kick a running thread to enter/exit the kernel
* @p: the to-be-kicked thread
*
* Cause a process which is running on another CPU to enter
* kernel-mode, without any delay. (to get signals handled.)
*
* NOTE: this function doesn't have to take the runqueue lock,
* because all it wants to ensure is that the remote task enters
* the kernel. If the IPI races and the task has been migrated
* to another CPU then no harm is done and the purpose has been
* achieved as well.
*/
void kick_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
int cpu;
preempt_disable();
cpu = task_cpu(p);
if ((cpu != smp_processor_id()) && task_curr(p))
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
preempt_enable();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kick_process);
/*
* ->cpus_allowed is protected by both rq->lock and p->pi_lock
*
* A few notes on cpu_active vs cpu_online:
*
* - cpu_active must be a subset of cpu_online
*
* - on cpu-up we allow per-cpu kthreads on the online && !active cpu,
* see __set_cpus_allowed_ptr(). At this point the newly online
* cpu isn't yet part of the sched domains, and balancing will not
* see it.
*
* - on cpu-down we clear cpu_active() to mask the sched domains and
* avoid the load balancer to place new tasks on the to be removed
* cpu. Existing tasks will remain running there and will be taken
* off.
*
* This means that fallback selection must not select !active CPUs.
* And can assume that any active CPU must be online. Conversely
* select_task_rq() below may allow selection of !active CPUs in order
* to satisfy the above rules.
*/
static int select_fallback_rq(int cpu, struct task_struct *p)
{
int nid = cpu_to_node(cpu);
const struct cpumask *nodemask = NULL;
enum { cpuset, possible, fail } state = cpuset;
int dest_cpu;
/*
* If the node that the cpu is on has been offlined, cpu_to_node()
* will return -1. There is no cpu on the node, and we should
* select the cpu on the other node.
*/
if (nid != -1) {
nodemask = cpumask_of_node(nid);
/* Look for allowed, online CPU in same node. */
for_each_cpu(dest_cpu, nodemask) {
if (!cpu_active(dest_cpu))
continue;
if (cpumask_test_cpu(dest_cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(p)))
return dest_cpu;
}
}
for (;;) {
/* Any allowed, online CPU? */
for_each_cpu(dest_cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(p)) {
if (!cpu_active(dest_cpu))
continue;
goto out;
}
/* No more Mr. Nice Guy. */
switch (state) {
case cpuset:
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CPUSETS)) {
cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(p);
state = possible;
break;
}
/* fall-through */
case possible:
do_set_cpus_allowed(p, cpu_possible_mask);
state = fail;
break;
case fail:
BUG();
break;
}
}
out:
if (state != cpuset) {
/*
* Don't tell them about moving exiting tasks or
* kernel threads (both mm NULL), since they never
* leave kernel.
*/
if (p->mm && printk_ratelimit()) {
printk_deferred("process %d (%s) no longer affine to cpu%d\n",
task_pid_nr(p), p->comm, cpu);
}
}
return dest_cpu;
}
/*
* The caller (fork, wakeup) owns p->pi_lock, ->cpus_allowed is stable.
*/
static inline
int select_task_rq(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int sd_flags, int wake_flags)
{
lockdep_assert_held(&p->pi_lock);
if (tsk_nr_cpus_allowed(p) > 1)
cpu = p->sched_class->select_task_rq(p, cpu, sd_flags, wake_flags);
else
cpu = cpumask_any(tsk_cpus_allowed(p));
/*
* In order not to call set_task_cpu() on a blocking task we need
* to rely on ttwu() to place the task on a valid ->cpus_allowed
* cpu.
*
* Since this is common to all placement strategies, this lives here.
*
* [ this allows ->select_task() to simply return task_cpu(p) and
* not worry about this generic constraint ]
*/
if (unlikely(!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(p)) ||
!cpu_online(cpu)))
cpu = select_fallback_rq(task_cpu(p), p);
return cpu;
}
static void update_avg(u64 *avg, u64 sample)
{
s64 diff = sample - *avg;
*avg += diff >> 3;
}
#else
static inline int __set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p,
const struct cpumask *new_mask, bool check)
{
return set_cpus_allowed_ptr(p, new_mask);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
static void
ttwu_stat(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int wake_flags)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
if (cpu == this_cpu) {
schedstat_inc(rq, ttwu_local);
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_wakeups_local);
} else {
struct sched_domain *sd;
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_wakeups_remote);
rcu_read_lock();
for_each_domain(this_cpu, sd) {
if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sched_domain_span(sd))) {
schedstat_inc(sd, ttwu_wake_remote);
break;
}
}
rcu_read_unlock();
}
if (wake_flags & WF_MIGRATED)
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_wakeups_migrate);
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
schedstat_inc(rq, ttwu_count);
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_wakeups);
if (wake_flags & WF_SYNC)
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_wakeups_sync);
#endif /* CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS */
}
static inline void ttwu_activate(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int en_flags)
{
activate_task(rq, p, en_flags);
p->on_rq = TASK_ON_RQ_QUEUED;
/* if a worker is waking up, notify workqueue */
if (p->flags & PF_WQ_WORKER)
wq_worker_waking_up(p, cpu_of(rq));
}
/*
* Mark the task runnable and perform wakeup-preemption.
*/
static void ttwu_do_wakeup(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int wake_flags,
struct pin_cookie cookie)
{
check_preempt_curr(rq, p, wake_flags);
p->state = TASK_RUNNING;
trace_sched_wakeup(p);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
if (p->sched_class->task_woken) {
/*
* Our task @p is fully woken up and running; so its safe to
* drop the rq->lock, hereafter rq is only used for statistics.
*/
lockdep_unpin_lock(&rq->lock, cookie);
p->sched_class->task_woken(rq, p);
lockdep_repin_lock(&rq->lock, cookie);
}
if (rq->idle_stamp) {
u64 delta = rq_clock(rq) - rq->idle_stamp;
u64 max = 2*rq->max_idle_balance_cost;
update_avg(&rq->avg_idle, delta);
if (rq->avg_idle > max)
rq->avg_idle = max;
rq->idle_stamp = 0;
}
#endif
}
static void
ttwu_do_activate(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int wake_flags,
struct pin_cookie cookie)
{
int en_flags = ENQUEUE_WAKEUP;
lockdep_assert_held(&rq->lock);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
if (p->sched_contributes_to_load)
rq->nr_uninterruptible--;
if (wake_flags & WF_MIGRATED)
en_flags |= ENQUEUE_MIGRATED;
#endif
ttwu_activate(rq, p, en_flags);
ttwu_do_wakeup(rq, p, wake_flags, cookie);
}
/*
* Called in case the task @p isn't fully descheduled from its runqueue,
* in this case we must do a remote wakeup. Its a 'light' wakeup though,
* since all we need to do is flip p->state to TASK_RUNNING, since
* the task is still ->on_rq.
*/
static int ttwu_remote(struct task_struct *p, int wake_flags)
{
struct rq_flags rf;
struct rq *rq;
int ret = 0;
rq = __task_rq_lock(p, &rf);
if (task_on_rq_queued(p)) {
/* check_preempt_curr() may use rq clock */
update_rq_clock(rq);
ttwu_do_wakeup(rq, p, wake_flags, rf.cookie);
ret = 1;
}
__task_rq_unlock(rq, &rf);
return ret;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
void sched_ttwu_pending(void)
{
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
struct llist_node *llist = llist_del_all(&rq->wake_list);
struct pin_cookie cookie;
struct task_struct *p;
unsigned long flags;
if (!llist)
return;
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
cookie = lockdep_pin_lock(&rq->lock);
while (llist) {
int wake_flags = 0;
p = llist_entry(llist, struct task_struct, wake_entry);
llist = llist_next(llist);
if (p->sched_remote_wakeup)
wake_flags = WF_MIGRATED;
ttwu_do_activate(rq, p, wake_flags, cookie);
}
lockdep_unpin_lock(&rq->lock, cookie);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
}
void scheduler_ipi(void)
{
/*
* Fold TIF_NEED_RESCHED into the preempt_count; anybody setting
* TIF_NEED_RESCHED remotely (for the first time) will also send
* this IPI.
*/
preempt_fold_need_resched();
if (llist_empty(&this_rq()->wake_list) && !got_nohz_idle_kick())
return;
/*
* Not all reschedule IPI handlers call irq_enter/irq_exit, since
* traditionally all their work was done from the interrupt return
* path. Now that we actually do some work, we need to make sure
* we do call them.
*
* Some archs already do call them, luckily irq_enter/exit nest
* properly.
*
* Arguably we should visit all archs and update all handlers,
* however a fair share of IPIs are still resched only so this would
* somewhat pessimize the simple resched case.
*/
irq_enter();
sched_ttwu_pending();
/*
* Check if someone kicked us for doing the nohz idle load balance.
*/
if (unlikely(got_nohz_idle_kick())) {
this_rq()->idle_balance = 1;
raise_softirq_irqoff(SCHED_SOFTIRQ);
}
irq_exit();
}
static void ttwu_queue_remote(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int wake_flags)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
p->sched_remote_wakeup = !!(wake_flags & WF_MIGRATED);
if (llist_add(&p->wake_entry, &cpu_rq(cpu)->wake_list)) {
if (!set_nr_if_polling(rq->idle))
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
else
trace_sched_wake_idle_without_ipi(cpu);
}
}
void wake_up_if_idle(int cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long flags;
rcu_read_lock();
if (!is_idle_task(rcu_dereference(rq->curr)))
goto out;
if (set_nr_if_polling(rq->idle)) {
trace_sched_wake_idle_without_ipi(cpu);
} else {
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
if (is_idle_task(rq->curr))
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
/* Else cpu is not in idle, do nothing here */
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
}
out:
rcu_read_unlock();
}
bool cpus_share_cache(int this_cpu, int that_cpu)
{
return per_cpu(sd_llc_id, this_cpu) == per_cpu(sd_llc_id, that_cpu);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
static void ttwu_queue(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int wake_flags)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
struct pin_cookie cookie;
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP)
if (sched_feat(TTWU_QUEUE) && !cpus_share_cache(smp_processor_id(), cpu)) {
sched_clock_cpu(cpu); /* sync clocks x-cpu */
ttwu_queue_remote(p, cpu, wake_flags);
return;
}
#endif
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
cookie = lockdep_pin_lock(&rq->lock);
ttwu_do_activate(rq, p, wake_flags, cookie);
lockdep_unpin_lock(&rq->lock, cookie);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
}
/*
* Notes on Program-Order guarantees on SMP systems.
*
* MIGRATION
*
* The basic program-order guarantee on SMP systems is that when a task [t]
* migrates, all its activity on its old cpu [c0] happens-before any subsequent
* execution on its new cpu [c1].
*
* For migration (of runnable tasks) this is provided by the following means:
*
* A) UNLOCK of the rq(c0)->lock scheduling out task t
* B) migration for t is required to synchronize *both* rq(c0)->lock and
* rq(c1)->lock (if not at the same time, then in that order).
* C) LOCK of the rq(c1)->lock scheduling in task
*
* Transitivity guarantees that B happens after A and C after B.
* Note: we only require RCpc transitivity.
* Note: the cpu doing B need not be c0 or c1
*
* Example:
*
* CPU0 CPU1 CPU2
*
* LOCK rq(0)->lock
* sched-out X
* sched-in Y
* UNLOCK rq(0)->lock
*
* LOCK rq(0)->lock // orders against CPU0
* dequeue X
* UNLOCK rq(0)->lock
*
* LOCK rq(1)->lock
* enqueue X
* UNLOCK rq(1)->lock
*
* LOCK rq(1)->lock // orders against CPU2
* sched-out Z
* sched-in X
* UNLOCK rq(1)->lock
*
*
* BLOCKING -- aka. SLEEP + WAKEUP
*
* For blocking we (obviously) need to provide the same guarantee as for
* migration. However the means are completely different as there is no lock
* chain to provide order. Instead we do:
*
* 1) smp_store_release(X->on_cpu, 0)
* 2) smp_cond_acquire(!X->on_cpu)
*
* Example:
*
* CPU0 (schedule) CPU1 (try_to_wake_up) CPU2 (schedule)
*
* LOCK rq(0)->lock LOCK X->pi_lock
* dequeue X
* sched-out X
* smp_store_release(X->on_cpu, 0);
*
* smp_cond_acquire(!X->on_cpu);
* X->state = WAKING
* set_task_cpu(X,2)
*
* LOCK rq(2)->lock
* enqueue X
* X->state = RUNNING
* UNLOCK rq(2)->lock
*
* LOCK rq(2)->lock // orders against CPU1
* sched-out Z
* sched-in X
* UNLOCK rq(2)->lock
*
* UNLOCK X->pi_lock
* UNLOCK rq(0)->lock
*
*
* However; for wakeups there is a second guarantee we must provide, namely we
* must observe the state that lead to our wakeup. That is, not only must our
* task observe its own prior state, it must also observe the stores prior to
* its wakeup.
*
* This means that any means of doing remote wakeups must order the CPU doing
* the wakeup against the CPU the task is going to end up running on. This,
* however, is already required for the regular Program-Order guarantee above,
* since the waking CPU is the one issueing the ACQUIRE (smp_cond_acquire).
*
*/
/**
* try_to_wake_up - wake up a thread
* @p: the thread to be awakened
* @state: the mask of task states that can be woken
* @wake_flags: wake modifier flags (WF_*)
*
* Put it on the run-queue if it's not already there. The "current"
* thread is always on the run-queue (except when the actual
* re-schedule is in progress), and as such you're allowed to do
* the simpler "current->state = TASK_RUNNING" to mark yourself
* runnable without the overhead of this.
*
* Return: %true if @p was woken up, %false if it was already running.
* or @state didn't match @p's state.
*/
static int
try_to_wake_up(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int state, int wake_flags)
{
unsigned long flags;
int cpu, success = 0;
/*
* If we are going to wake up a thread waiting for CONDITION we
* need to ensure that CONDITION=1 done by the caller can not be
* reordered with p->state check below. This pairs with mb() in
* set_current_state() the waiting thread does.
*/
smp_mb__before_spinlock();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
if (!(p->state & state))
goto out;
trace_sched_waking(p);
success = 1; /* we're going to change ->state */
cpu = task_cpu(p);
if (p->on_rq && ttwu_remote(p, wake_flags))
goto stat;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* Ensure we load p->on_cpu _after_ p->on_rq, otherwise it would be
* possible to, falsely, observe p->on_cpu == 0.
*
* One must be running (->on_cpu == 1) in order to remove oneself
* from the runqueue.
*
* [S] ->on_cpu = 1; [L] ->on_rq
* UNLOCK rq->lock
* RMB
* LOCK rq->lock
* [S] ->on_rq = 0; [L] ->on_cpu
*
* Pairs with the full barrier implied in the UNLOCK+LOCK on rq->lock
* from the consecutive calls to schedule(); the first switching to our
* task, the second putting it to sleep.
*/
smp_rmb();
/*
* If the owning (remote) cpu is still in the middle of schedule() with
* this task as prev, wait until its done referencing the task.
*
* Pairs with the smp_store_release() in finish_lock_switch().
*
* This ensures that tasks getting woken will be fully ordered against
* their previous state and preserve Program Order.
*/
smp_cond_acquire(!p->on_cpu);
p->sched_contributes_to_load = !!task_contributes_to_load(p);
p->state = TASK_WAKING;
cpu = select_task_rq(p, p->wake_cpu, SD_BALANCE_WAKE, wake_flags);
if (task_cpu(p) != cpu) {
wake_flags |= WF_MIGRATED;
set_task_cpu(p, cpu);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
ttwu_queue(p, cpu, wake_flags);
stat:
if (schedstat_enabled())
ttwu_stat(p, cpu, wake_flags);
out:
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
return success;
}
/**
* try_to_wake_up_local - try to wake up a local task with rq lock held
* @p: the thread to be awakened
*
* Put @p on the run-queue if it's not already there. The caller must
* ensure that this_rq() is locked, @p is bound to this_rq() and not
* the current task.
*/
static void try_to_wake_up_local(struct task_struct *p, struct pin_cookie cookie)
{
struct rq *rq = task_rq(p);
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(rq != this_rq()) ||
WARN_ON_ONCE(p == current))
return;
lockdep_assert_held(&rq->lock);
if (!raw_spin_trylock(&p->pi_lock)) {
/*
* This is OK, because current is on_cpu, which avoids it being
* picked for load-balance and preemption/IRQs are still
* disabled avoiding further scheduler activity on it and we've
* not yet picked a replacement task.
*/
lockdep_unpin_lock(&rq->lock, cookie);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
raw_spin_lock(&p->pi_lock);
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
lockdep_repin_lock(&rq->lock, cookie);
}
if (!(p->state & TASK_NORMAL))
goto out;
trace_sched_waking(p);
if (!task_on_rq_queued(p))
ttwu_activate(rq, p, ENQUEUE_WAKEUP);
ttwu_do_wakeup(rq, p, 0, cookie);
if (schedstat_enabled())
ttwu_stat(p, smp_processor_id(), 0);
out:
raw_spin_unlock(&p->pi_lock);
}
/**
* wake_up_process - Wake up a specific process
* @p: The process to be woken up.
*
* Attempt to wake up the nominated process and move it to the set of runnable
* processes.
*
* Return: 1 if the process was woken up, 0 if it was already running.
*
* It may be assumed that this function implies a write memory barrier before
* changing the task state if and only if any tasks are woken up.
*/
int wake_up_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
return try_to_wake_up(p, TASK_NORMAL, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(wake_up_process);
int wake_up_state(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int state)
{
return try_to_wake_up(p, state, 0);
}
/*
* This function clears the sched_dl_entity static params.
*/
void __dl_clear_params(struct task_struct *p)
{
struct sched_dl_entity *dl_se = &p->dl;
dl_se->dl_runtime = 0;
dl_se->dl_deadline = 0;
dl_se->dl_period = 0;
dl_se->flags = 0;
dl_se->dl_bw = 0;
dl_se->dl_throttled = 0;
dl_se->dl_yielded = 0;
}
/*
* Perform scheduler related setup for a newly forked process p.
* p is forked by current.
*
* __sched_fork() is basic setup used by init_idle() too:
*/
static void __sched_fork(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p)
{
p->on_rq = 0;
p->se.on_rq = 0;
p->se.exec_start = 0;
p->se.sum_exec_runtime = 0;
p->se.prev_sum_exec_runtime = 0;
p->se.nr_migrations = 0;
p->se.vruntime = 0;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->se.group_node);
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
p->se.cfs_rq = NULL;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
/* Even if schedstat is disabled, there should not be garbage */
memset(&p->se.statistics, 0, sizeof(p->se.statistics));
#endif
RB_CLEAR_NODE(&p->dl.rb_node);
init_dl_task_timer(&p->dl);
__dl_clear_params(p);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rt.run_list);
p->rt.timeout = 0;
p->rt.time_slice = sched_rr_timeslice;
p->rt.on_rq = 0;
p->rt.on_list = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&p->preempt_notifiers);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
if (p->mm && atomic_read(&p->mm->mm_users) == 1) {
p->mm->numa_next_scan = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_delay);
p->mm->numa_scan_seq = 0;
}
if (clone_flags & CLONE_VM)
p->numa_preferred_nid = current->numa_preferred_nid;
else
p->numa_preferred_nid = -1;
p->node_stamp = 0ULL;
p->numa_scan_seq = p->mm ? p->mm->numa_scan_seq : 0;
p->numa_scan_period = sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_delay;
p->numa_work.next = &p->numa_work;
p->numa_faults = NULL;
p->last_task_numa_placement = 0;
p->last_sum_exec_runtime = 0;
p->numa_group = NULL;
#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */
}
DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(sched_numa_balancing);
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
void set_numabalancing_state(bool enabled)
{
if (enabled)
static_branch_enable(&sched_numa_balancing);
else
static_branch_disable(&sched_numa_balancing);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_SYSCTL
int sysctl_numa_balancing(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct ctl_table t;
int err;
int state = static_branch_likely(&sched_numa_balancing);
if (write && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
return -EPERM;
t = *table;
t.data = &state;
err = proc_dointvec_minmax(&t, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
if (err < 0)
return err;
if (write)
set_numabalancing_state(state);
return err;
}
#endif
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(sched_schedstats);
static bool __initdata __sched_schedstats = false;
static void set_schedstats(bool enabled)
{
if (enabled)
static_branch_enable(&sched_schedstats);
else
static_branch_disable(&sched_schedstats);
}
void force_schedstat_enabled(void)
{
if (!schedstat_enabled()) {
pr_info("kernel profiling enabled schedstats, disable via kernel.sched_schedstats.\n");
static_branch_enable(&sched_schedstats);
}
}
static int __init setup_schedstats(char *str)
{
int ret = 0;
if (!str)
goto out;
/*
* This code is called before jump labels have been set up, so we can't
* change the static branch directly just yet. Instead set a temporary
* variable so init_schedstats() can do it later.
*/
if (!strcmp(str, "enable")) {
__sched_schedstats = true;
ret = 1;
} else if (!strcmp(str, "disable")) {
__sched_schedstats = false;
ret = 1;
}
out:
if (!ret)
pr_warn("Unable to parse schedstats=\n");
return ret;
}
__setup("schedstats=", setup_schedstats);
static void __init init_schedstats(void)
{
set_schedstats(__sched_schedstats);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_SYSCTL
int sysctl_schedstats(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct ctl_table t;
int err;
int state = static_branch_likely(&sched_schedstats);
if (write && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
return -EPERM;
t = *table;
t.data = &state;
err = proc_dointvec_minmax(&t, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
if (err < 0)
return err;
if (write)
set_schedstats(state);
return err;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_SYSCTL */
#else /* !CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS */
static inline void init_schedstats(void) {}
#endif /* CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS */
/*
* fork()/clone()-time setup:
*/
int sched_fork(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p)
{
unsigned long flags;
int cpu = get_cpu();
__sched_fork(clone_flags, p);
/*
* We mark the process as running here. This guarantees that
* nobody will actually run it, and a signal or other external
* event cannot wake it up and insert it on the runqueue either.
*/
p->state = TASK_RUNNING;
/*
* Make sure we do not leak PI boosting priority to the child.
*/
p->prio = current->normal_prio;
/*
* Revert to default priority/policy on fork if requested.
*/
if (unlikely(p->sched_reset_on_fork)) {
if (task_has_dl_policy(p) || task_has_rt_policy(p)) {
p->policy = SCHED_NORMAL;
p->static_prio = NICE_TO_PRIO(0);
p->rt_priority = 0;
} else if (PRIO_TO_NICE(p->static_prio) < 0)
p->static_prio = NICE_TO_PRIO(0);
p->prio = p->normal_prio = __normal_prio(p);
set_load_weight(p);
/*
* We don't need the reset flag anymore after the fork. It has
* fulfilled its duty:
*/
p->sched_reset_on_fork = 0;
}
if (dl_prio(p->prio)) {
put_cpu();
return -EAGAIN;
} else if (rt_prio(p->prio)) {
p->sched_class = &rt_sched_class;
} else {
p->sched_class = &fair_sched_class;
}
if (p->sched_class->task_fork)
p->sched_class->task_fork(p);
/*
* The child is not yet in the pid-hash so no cgroup attach races,
* and the cgroup is pinned to this child due to cgroup_fork()
* is ran before sched_fork().
*
* Silence PROVE_RCU.
*/
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
set_task_cpu(p, cpu);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO
if (likely(sched_info_on()))
memset(&p->sched_info, 0, sizeof(p->sched_info));
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP)
p->on_cpu = 0;
#endif
init_task_preempt_count(p);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
plist_node_init(&p->pushable_tasks, MAX_PRIO);
RB_CLEAR_NODE(&p->pushable_dl_tasks);
#endif
put_cpu();
return 0;
}
unsigned long to_ratio(u64 period, u64 runtime)
{
if (runtime == RUNTIME_INF)
return 1ULL << 20;
/*
* Doing this here saves a lot of checks in all
* the calling paths, and returning zero seems
* safe for them anyway.
*/
if (period == 0)
return 0;
return div64_u64(runtime << 20, period);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
inline struct dl_bw *dl_bw_of(int i)
{
RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_sched_held(),
"sched RCU must be held");
return &cpu_rq(i)->rd->dl_bw;
}
static inline int dl_bw_cpus(int i)
{
struct root_domain *rd = cpu_rq(i)->rd;
int cpus = 0;
RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_sched_held(),
"sched RCU must be held");
for_each_cpu_and(i, rd->span, cpu_active_mask)
cpus++;
return cpus;
}
#else
inline struct dl_bw *dl_bw_of(int i)
{
return &cpu_rq(i)->dl.dl_bw;
}
static inline int dl_bw_cpus(int i)
{
return 1;
}
#endif
/*
* We must be sure that accepting a new task (or allowing changing the
* parameters of an existing one) is consistent with the bandwidth
* constraints. If yes, this function also accordingly updates the currently
* allocated bandwidth to reflect the new situation.
*
* This function is called while holding p's rq->lock.
*
* XXX we should delay bw change until the task's 0-lag point, see
* __setparam_dl().
*/
static int dl_overflow(struct task_struct *p, int policy,
const struct sched_attr *attr)
{
struct dl_bw *dl_b = dl_bw_of(task_cpu(p));
u64 period = attr->sched_period ?: attr->sched_deadline;
u64 runtime = attr->sched_runtime;
u64 new_bw = dl_policy(policy) ? to_ratio(period, runtime) : 0;
int cpus, err = -1;
/* !deadline task may carry old deadline bandwidth */
if (new_bw == p->dl.dl_bw && task_has_dl_policy(p))
return 0;
/*
* Either if a task, enters, leave, or stays -deadline but changes
* its parameters, we may need to update accordingly the total
* allocated bandwidth of the container.
*/
raw_spin_lock(&dl_b->lock);
cpus = dl_bw_cpus(task_cpu(p));
if (dl_policy(policy) && !task_has_dl_policy(p) &&
!__dl_overflow(dl_b, cpus, 0, new_bw)) {
__dl_add(dl_b, new_bw);
err = 0;
} else if (dl_policy(policy) && task_has_dl_policy(p) &&
!__dl_overflow(dl_b, cpus, p->dl.dl_bw, new_bw)) {
__dl_clear(dl_b, p->dl.dl_bw);
__dl_add(dl_b, new_bw);
err = 0;
} else if (!dl_policy(policy) && task_has_dl_policy(p)) {
__dl_clear(dl_b, p->dl.dl_bw);
err = 0;
}
raw_spin_unlock(&dl_b->lock);
return err;
}
extern void init_dl_bw(struct dl_bw *dl_b);
/*
* wake_up_new_task - wake up a newly created task for the first time.
*
* This function will do some initial scheduler statistics housekeeping
* that must be done for every newly created context, then puts the task
* on the runqueue and wakes it.
*/
void wake_up_new_task(struct task_struct *p)
{
struct rq_flags rf;
struct rq *rq;
/* Initialize new task's runnable average */
init_entity_runnable_average(&p->se);
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, rf.flags);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* Fork balancing, do it here and not earlier because:
* - cpus_allowed can change in the fork path
* - any previously selected cpu might disappear through hotplug
*/
set_task_cpu(p, select_task_rq(p, task_cpu(p), SD_BALANCE_FORK, 0));
#endif
/* Post initialize new task's util average when its cfs_rq is set */
post_init_entity_util_avg(&p->se);
rq = __task_rq_lock(p, &rf);
activate_task(rq, p, 0);
p->on_rq = TASK_ON_RQ_QUEUED;
trace_sched_wakeup_new(p);
check_preempt_curr(rq, p, WF_FORK);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
if (p->sched_class->task_woken) {
/*
* Nothing relies on rq->lock after this, so its fine to
* drop it.
*/
lockdep_unpin_lock(&rq->lock, rf.cookie);
p->sched_class->task_woken(rq, p);
lockdep_repin_lock(&rq->lock, rf.cookie);
}
#endif
task_rq_unlock(rq, p, &rf);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
static struct static_key preempt_notifier_key = STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE;
void preempt_notifier_inc(void)
{
static_key_slow_inc(&preempt_notifier_key);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_inc);
void preempt_notifier_dec(void)
{
static_key_slow_dec(&preempt_notifier_key);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_dec);
/**
* preempt_notifier_register - tell me when current is being preempted & rescheduled
* @notifier: notifier struct to register
*/
void preempt_notifier_register(struct preempt_notifier *notifier)
{
if (!static_key_false(&preempt_notifier_key))
WARN(1, "registering preempt_notifier while notifiers disabled\n");
hlist_add_head(&notifier->link, &current->preempt_notifiers);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_register);
/**
* preempt_notifier_unregister - no longer interested in preemption notifications
* @notifier: notifier struct to unregister
*
* This is *not* safe to call from within a preemption notifier.
*/
void preempt_notifier_unregister(struct preempt_notifier *notifier)
{
hlist_del(&notifier->link);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_unregister);
static void __fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr)
{
struct preempt_notifier *notifier;
hlist_for_each_entry(notifier, &curr->preempt_notifiers, link)
notifier->ops->sched_in(notifier, raw_smp_processor_id());
}
static __always_inline void fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr)
{
if (static_key_false(&preempt_notifier_key))
__fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(curr);
}
static void
__fire_sched_out_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr,
struct task_struct *next)
{
struct preempt_notifier *notifier;
hlist_for_each_entry(notifier, &curr->preempt_notifiers, link)
notifier->ops->sched_out(notifier, next);
}
static __always_inline void
fire_sched_out_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr,
struct task_struct *next)
{
if (static_key_false(&preempt_notifier_key))
__fire_sched_out_preempt_notifiers(curr, next);
}
#else /* !CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS */
static inline void fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr)
{
}
static inline void
fire_sched_out_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr,
struct task_struct *next)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS */
/**
* prepare_task_switch - prepare to switch tasks
* @rq: the runqueue preparing to switch
* @prev: the current task that is being switched out
* @next: the task we are going to switch to.
*
* This is called with the rq lock held and interrupts off. It must
* be paired with a subsequent finish_task_switch after the context
* switch.
*
* prepare_task_switch sets up locking and calls architecture specific
* hooks.
*/
static inline void
prepare_task_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev,
struct task_struct *next)
{
sched_info_switch(rq, prev, next);
perf_event_task_sched_out(prev, next);
fire_sched_out_preempt_notifiers(prev, next);
prepare_lock_switch(rq, next);
prepare_arch_switch(next);
}
/**
* finish_task_switch - clean up after a task-switch
* @prev: the thread we just switched away from.
*
* finish_task_switch must be called after the context switch, paired
* with a prepare_task_switch call before the context switch.
* finish_task_switch will reconcile locking set up by prepare_task_switch,
* and do any other architecture-specific cleanup actions.
*
* Note that we may have delayed dropping an mm in context_switch(). If
* so, we finish that here outside of the runqueue lock. (Doing it
* with the lock held can cause deadlocks; see schedule() for
* details.)
*
* The context switch have flipped the stack from under us and restored the
* local variables which were saved when this task called schedule() in the
* past. prev == current is still correct but we need to recalculate this_rq
* because prev may have moved to another CPU.
*/
static struct rq *finish_task_switch(struct task_struct *prev)
__releases(rq->lock)
{
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
struct mm_struct *mm = rq->prev_mm;
long prev_state;
/*
* The previous task will have left us with a preempt_count of 2
* because it left us after:
*
* schedule()
* preempt_disable(); // 1
* __schedule()
* raw_spin_lock_irq(&rq->lock) // 2
*
* Also, see FORK_PREEMPT_COUNT.
*/
if (WARN_ONCE(preempt_count() != 2*PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET,
"corrupted preempt_count: %s/%d/0x%x\n",
current->comm, current->pid, preempt_count()))
preempt_count_set(FORK_PREEMPT_COUNT);
rq->prev_mm = NULL;
/*
* A task struct has one reference for the use as "current".
* If a task dies, then it sets TASK_DEAD in tsk->state and calls
* schedule one last time. The schedule call will never return, and
* the scheduled task must drop that reference.
*
* We must observe prev->state before clearing prev->on_cpu (in
* finish_lock_switch), otherwise a concurrent wakeup can get prev
* running on another CPU and we could rave with its RUNNING -> DEAD
* transition, resulting in a double drop.
*/
prev_state = prev->state;
vtime_task_switch(prev);
perf_event_task_sched_in(prev, current);
finish_lock_switch(rq, prev);
finish_arch_post_lock_switch();
fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(current);
if (mm)
mmdrop(mm);
if (unlikely(prev_state == TASK_DEAD)) {
if (prev->sched_class->task_dead)
prev->sched_class->task_dead(prev);
/*
* Remove function-return probe instances associated with this
* task and put them back on the free list.
*/
kprobe_flush_task(prev);
put_task_struct(prev);
}
tick_nohz_task_switch();
return rq;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/* rq->lock is NOT held, but preemption is disabled */
static void __balance_callback(struct rq *rq)
{
struct callback_head *head, *next;
void (*func)(struct rq *rq);
unsigned long flags;
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
head = rq->balance_callback;
rq->balance_callback = NULL;
while (head) {
func = (void (*)(struct rq *))head->func;
next = head->next;
head->next = NULL;
head = next;
func(rq);
}
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
}
static inline void balance_callback(struct rq *rq)
{
if (unlikely(rq->balance_callback))
__balance_callback(rq);
}
#else
static inline void balance_callback(struct rq *rq)
{
}
#endif
/**
* schedule_tail - first thing a freshly forked thread must call.
* @prev: the thread we just switched away from.
*/
asmlinkage __visible void schedule_tail(struct task_struct *prev)
__releases(rq->lock)
{
struct rq *rq;
/*
* New tasks start with FORK_PREEMPT_COUNT, see there and
* finish_task_switch() for details.
*
* finish_task_switch() will drop rq->lock() and lower preempt_count
* and the preempt_enable() will end up enabling preemption (on
* PREEMPT_COUNT kernels).
*/
rq = finish_task_switch(prev);
balance_callback(rq);
preempt_enable();
if (current->set_child_tid)
put_user(task_pid_vnr(current), current->set_child_tid);
}
/*
* context_switch - switch to the new MM and the new thread's register state.
*/
static __always_inline struct rq *
context_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev,
struct task_struct *next, struct pin_cookie cookie)
{
struct mm_struct *mm, *oldmm;
prepare_task_switch(rq, prev, next);
mm = next->mm;
oldmm = prev->active_mm;
/*
* For paravirt, this is coupled with an exit in switch_to to
* combine the page table reload and the switch backend into
* one hypercall.
*/
arch_start_context_switch(prev);
if (!mm) {
next->active_mm = oldmm;
atomic_inc(&oldmm->mm_count);
enter_lazy_tlb(oldmm, next);
} else
switch_mm_irqs_off(oldmm, mm, next);
if (!prev->mm) {
prev->active_mm = NULL;
rq->prev_mm = oldmm;
}
/*
* Since the runqueue lock will be released by the next
* task (which is an invalid locking op but in the case
* of the scheduler it's an obvious special-case), so we
* do an early lockdep release here:
*/
lockdep_unpin_lock(&rq->lock, cookie);
spin_release(&rq->lock.dep_map, 1, _THIS_IP_);
/* Here we just switch the register state and the stack. */
switch_to(prev, next, prev);
barrier();
return finish_task_switch(prev);
}
/*
* nr_running and nr_context_switches:
*
* externally visible scheduler statistics: current number of runnable
* threads, total number of context switches performed since bootup.
*/
unsigned long nr_running(void)
{
unsigned long i, sum = 0;
for_each_online_cpu(i)
sum += cpu_rq(i)->nr_running;
return sum;
}
/*
* Check if only the current task is running on the cpu.
*
* Caution: this function does not check that the caller has disabled
* preemption, thus the result might have a time-of-check-to-time-of-use
* race. The caller is responsible to use it correctly, for example:
*
* - from a non-preemptable section (of course)
*
* - from a thread that is bound to a single CPU
*
* - in a loop with very short iterations (e.g. a polling loop)
*/
bool single_task_running(void)
{
return raw_rq()->nr_running == 1;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(single_task_running);
unsigned long long nr_context_switches(void)
{
int i;
unsigned long long sum = 0;
for_each_possible_cpu(i)
sum += cpu_rq(i)->nr_switches;
return sum;
}
unsigned long nr_iowait(void)
{
unsigned long i, sum = 0;
for_each_possible_cpu(i)
sum += atomic_read(&cpu_rq(i)->nr_iowait);
return sum;
}
unsigned long nr_iowait_cpu(int cpu)
{
struct rq *this = cpu_rq(cpu);
return atomic_read(&this->nr_iowait);
}
void get_iowait_load(unsigned long *nr_waiters, unsigned long *load)
{
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
*nr_waiters = atomic_read(&rq->nr_iowait);
*load = rq->load.weight;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* sched_exec - execve() is a valuable balancing opportunity, because at
* this point the task has the smallest effective memory and cache footprint.
*/
void sched_exec(void)
{
struct task_struct *p = current;
unsigned long flags;
int dest_cpu;
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
dest_cpu = p->sched_class->select_task_rq(p, task_cpu(p), SD_BALANCE_EXEC, 0);
if (dest_cpu == smp_processor_id())
goto unlock;
if (likely(cpu_active(dest_cpu))) {
struct migration_arg arg = { p, dest_cpu };
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
stop_one_cpu(task_cpu(p), migration_cpu_stop, &arg);
return;
}
unlock:
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
}
#endif
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kernel_stat, kstat);
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kernel_cpustat, kernel_cpustat);
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(kstat);
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(kernel_cpustat);
/*
* Return accounted runtime for the task.
* In case the task is currently running, return the runtime plus current's
* pending runtime that have not been accounted yet.
*/
unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *p)
{
struct rq_flags rf;
struct rq *rq;
u64 ns;
#if defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
/*
* 64-bit doesn't need locks to atomically read a 64bit value.
* So we have a optimization chance when the task's delta_exec is 0.
* Reading ->on_cpu is racy, but this is ok.
*
* If we race with it leaving cpu, we'll take a lock. So we're correct.
* If we race with it entering cpu, unaccounted time is 0. This is
* indistinguishable from the read occurring a few cycles earlier.
* If we see ->on_cpu without ->on_rq, the task is leaving, and has
* been accounted, so we're correct here as well.
*/
if (!p->on_cpu || !task_on_rq_queued(p))
return p->se.sum_exec_runtime;
#endif
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &rf);
/*
* Must be ->curr _and_ ->on_rq. If dequeued, we would
* project cycles that may never be accounted to this
* thread, breaking clock_gettime().
*/
if (task_current(rq, p) && task_on_rq_queued(p)) {
update_rq_clock(rq);
p->sched_class->update_curr(rq);
}
ns = p->se.sum_exec_runtime;
task_rq_unlock(rq, p, &rf);
return ns;
}
/*
* This function gets called by the timer code, with HZ frequency.
* We call it with interrupts disabled.
*/
void scheduler_tick(void)
{
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
struct task_struct *curr = rq->curr;
sched_clock_tick();
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
update_rq_clock(rq);
curr->sched_class->task_tick(rq, curr, 0);
cpu_load_update_active(rq);
calc_global_load_tick(rq);
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
perf_event_task_tick();
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
rq->idle_balance = idle_cpu(cpu);
trigger_load_balance(rq);
#endif