blob: 2b8aa15fd6dfa755368ddf21136eaab5192f1e28 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* linux/fs/namespace.c
*
* (C) Copyright Al Viro 2000, 2001
* Released under GPL v2.
*
* Based on code from fs/super.c, copyright Linus Torvalds and others.
* Heavily rewritten.
*/
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/mnt_namespace.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/init.h> /* init_rootfs */
#include <linux/fs_struct.h> /* get_fs_root et.al. */
#include <linux/fsnotify.h> /* fsnotify_vfsmount_delete */
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/proc_ns.h>
#include <linux/magic.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/task_work.h>
#include "pnode.h"
#include "internal.h"
static unsigned int m_hash_mask __read_mostly;
static unsigned int m_hash_shift __read_mostly;
static unsigned int mp_hash_mask __read_mostly;
static unsigned int mp_hash_shift __read_mostly;
static __initdata unsigned long mhash_entries;
static int __init set_mhash_entries(char *str)
{
if (!str)
return 0;
mhash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0);
return 1;
}
__setup("mhash_entries=", set_mhash_entries);
static __initdata unsigned long mphash_entries;
static int __init set_mphash_entries(char *str)
{
if (!str)
return 0;
mphash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0);
return 1;
}
__setup("mphash_entries=", set_mphash_entries);
static u64 event;
static DEFINE_IDA(mnt_id_ida);
static DEFINE_IDA(mnt_group_ida);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mnt_id_lock);
static int mnt_id_start = 0;
static int mnt_group_start = 1;
static struct hlist_head *mount_hashtable __read_mostly;
static struct hlist_head *mountpoint_hashtable __read_mostly;
static struct kmem_cache *mnt_cache __read_mostly;
static DECLARE_RWSEM(namespace_sem);
/* /sys/fs */
struct kobject *fs_kobj;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fs_kobj);
/*
* vfsmount lock may be taken for read to prevent changes to the
* vfsmount hash, ie. during mountpoint lookups or walking back
* up the tree.
*
* It should be taken for write in all cases where the vfsmount
* tree or hash is modified or when a vfsmount structure is modified.
*/
__cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SEQLOCK(mount_lock);
static inline struct hlist_head *m_hash(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry)
{
unsigned long tmp = ((unsigned long)mnt / L1_CACHE_BYTES);
tmp += ((unsigned long)dentry / L1_CACHE_BYTES);
tmp = tmp + (tmp >> m_hash_shift);
return &mount_hashtable[tmp & m_hash_mask];
}
static inline struct hlist_head *mp_hash(struct dentry *dentry)
{
unsigned long tmp = ((unsigned long)dentry / L1_CACHE_BYTES);
tmp = tmp + (tmp >> mp_hash_shift);
return &mountpoint_hashtable[tmp & mp_hash_mask];
}
/*
* allocation is serialized by namespace_sem, but we need the spinlock to
* serialize with freeing.
*/
static int mnt_alloc_id(struct mount *mnt)
{
int res;
retry:
ida_pre_get(&mnt_id_ida, GFP_KERNEL);
spin_lock(&mnt_id_lock);
res = ida_get_new_above(&mnt_id_ida, mnt_id_start, &mnt->mnt_id);
if (!res)
mnt_id_start = mnt->mnt_id + 1;
spin_unlock(&mnt_id_lock);
if (res == -EAGAIN)
goto retry;
return res;
}
static void mnt_free_id(struct mount *mnt)
{
int id = mnt->mnt_id;
spin_lock(&mnt_id_lock);
ida_remove(&mnt_id_ida, id);
if (mnt_id_start > id)
mnt_id_start = id;
spin_unlock(&mnt_id_lock);
}
/*
* Allocate a new peer group ID
*
* mnt_group_ida is protected by namespace_sem
*/
static int mnt_alloc_group_id(struct mount *mnt)
{
int res;
if (!ida_pre_get(&mnt_group_ida, GFP_KERNEL))
return -ENOMEM;
res = ida_get_new_above(&mnt_group_ida,
mnt_group_start,
&mnt->mnt_group_id);
if (!res)
mnt_group_start = mnt->mnt_group_id + 1;
return res;
}
/*
* Release a peer group ID
*/
void mnt_release_group_id(struct mount *mnt)
{
int id = mnt->mnt_group_id;
ida_remove(&mnt_group_ida, id);
if (mnt_group_start > id)
mnt_group_start = id;
mnt->mnt_group_id = 0;
}
/*
* vfsmount lock must be held for read
*/
static inline void mnt_add_count(struct mount *mnt, int n)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, n);
#else
preempt_disable();
mnt->mnt_count += n;
preempt_enable();
#endif
}
/*
* vfsmount lock must be held for write
*/
unsigned int mnt_get_count(struct mount *mnt)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
unsigned int count = 0;
int cpu;
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_count;
}
return count;
#else
return mnt->mnt_count;
#endif
}
static void drop_mountpoint(struct fs_pin *p)
{
struct mount *m = container_of(p, struct mount, mnt_umount);
dput(m->mnt_ex_mountpoint);
pin_remove(p);
mntput(&m->mnt);
}
static struct mount *alloc_vfsmnt(const char *name)
{
struct mount *mnt = kmem_cache_zalloc(mnt_cache, GFP_KERNEL);
if (mnt) {
int err;
err = mnt_alloc_id(mnt);
if (err)
goto out_free_cache;
if (name) {
mnt->mnt_devname = kstrdup_const(name, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!mnt->mnt_devname)
goto out_free_id;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
mnt->mnt_pcp = alloc_percpu(struct mnt_pcp);
if (!mnt->mnt_pcp)
goto out_free_devname;
this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, 1);
#else
mnt->mnt_count = 1;
mnt->mnt_writers = 0;
#endif
INIT_HLIST_NODE(&mnt->mnt_hash);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_child);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_mounts);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_list);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_expire);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_share);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_slave_list);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_slave);
INIT_HLIST_NODE(&mnt->mnt_mp_list);
#ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_fsnotify_marks);
#endif
init_fs_pin(&mnt->mnt_umount, drop_mountpoint);
}
return mnt;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
out_free_devname:
kfree_const(mnt->mnt_devname);
#endif
out_free_id:
mnt_free_id(mnt);
out_free_cache:
kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt);
return NULL;
}
/*
* Most r/o checks on a fs are for operations that take
* discrete amounts of time, like a write() or unlink().
* We must keep track of when those operations start
* (for permission checks) and when they end, so that
* we can determine when writes are able to occur to
* a filesystem.
*/
/*
* __mnt_is_readonly: check whether a mount is read-only
* @mnt: the mount to check for its write status
*
* This shouldn't be used directly ouside of the VFS.
* It does not guarantee that the filesystem will stay
* r/w, just that it is right *now*. This can not and
* should not be used in place of IS_RDONLY(inode).
* mnt_want/drop_write() will _keep_ the filesystem
* r/w.
*/
int __mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
if (mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)
return 1;
if (mnt->mnt_sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
return 1;
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mnt_is_readonly);
static inline void mnt_inc_writers(struct mount *mnt)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
this_cpu_inc(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers);
#else
mnt->mnt_writers++;
#endif
}
static inline void mnt_dec_writers(struct mount *mnt)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
this_cpu_dec(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers);
#else
mnt->mnt_writers--;
#endif
}
static unsigned int mnt_get_writers(struct mount *mnt)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
unsigned int count = 0;
int cpu;
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_writers;
}
return count;
#else
return mnt->mnt_writers;
#endif
}
static int mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
if (mnt->mnt_sb->s_readonly_remount)
return 1;
/* Order wrt setting s_flags/s_readonly_remount in do_remount() */
smp_rmb();
return __mnt_is_readonly(mnt);
}
/*
* Most r/o & frozen checks on a fs are for operations that take discrete
* amounts of time, like a write() or unlink(). We must keep track of when
* those operations start (for permission checks) and when they end, so that we
* can determine when writes are able to occur to a filesystem.
*/
/**
* __mnt_want_write - get write access to a mount without freeze protection
* @m: the mount on which to take a write
*
* This tells the low-level filesystem that a write is about to be performed to
* it, and makes sure that writes are allowed (mnt it read-write) before
* returning success. This operation does not protect against filesystem being
* frozen. When the write operation is finished, __mnt_drop_write() must be
* called. This is effectively a refcount.
*/
int __mnt_want_write(struct vfsmount *m)
{
struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m);
int ret = 0;
preempt_disable();
mnt_inc_writers(mnt);
/*
* The store to mnt_inc_writers must be visible before we pass
* MNT_WRITE_HOLD loop below, so that the slowpath can see our
* incremented count after it has set MNT_WRITE_HOLD.
*/
smp_mb();
while (ACCESS_ONCE(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags) & MNT_WRITE_HOLD)
cpu_relax();
/*
* After the slowpath clears MNT_WRITE_HOLD, mnt_is_readonly will
* be set to match its requirements. So we must not load that until
* MNT_WRITE_HOLD is cleared.
*/
smp_rmb();
if (mnt_is_readonly(m)) {
mnt_dec_writers(mnt);
ret = -EROFS;
}
preempt_enable();
return ret;
}
/**
* mnt_want_write - get write access to a mount
* @m: the mount on which to take a write
*
* This tells the low-level filesystem that a write is about to be performed to
* it, and makes sure that writes are allowed (mount is read-write, filesystem
* is not frozen) before returning success. When the write operation is
* finished, mnt_drop_write() must be called. This is effectively a refcount.
*/
int mnt_want_write(struct vfsmount *m)
{
int ret;
sb_start_write(m->mnt_sb);
ret = __mnt_want_write(m);
if (ret)
sb_end_write(m->mnt_sb);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_want_write);
/**
* mnt_clone_write - get write access to a mount
* @mnt: the mount on which to take a write
*
* This is effectively like mnt_want_write, except
* it must only be used to take an extra write reference
* on a mountpoint that we already know has a write reference
* on it. This allows some optimisation.
*
* After finished, mnt_drop_write must be called as usual to
* drop the reference.
*/
int mnt_clone_write(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
/* superblock may be r/o */
if (__mnt_is_readonly(mnt))
return -EROFS;
preempt_disable();
mnt_inc_writers(real_mount(mnt));
preempt_enable();
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_clone_write);
/**
* __mnt_want_write_file - get write access to a file's mount
* @file: the file who's mount on which to take a write
*
* This is like __mnt_want_write, but it takes a file and can
* do some optimisations if the file is open for write already
*/
int __mnt_want_write_file(struct file *file)
{
if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITER))
return __mnt_want_write(file->f_path.mnt);
else
return mnt_clone_write(file->f_path.mnt);
}
/**
* mnt_want_write_file - get write access to a file's mount
* @file: the file who's mount on which to take a write
*
* This is like mnt_want_write, but it takes a file and can
* do some optimisations if the file is open for write already
*/
int mnt_want_write_file(struct file *file)
{
int ret;
sb_start_write(file->f_path.mnt->mnt_sb);
ret = __mnt_want_write_file(file);
if (ret)
sb_end_write(file->f_path.mnt->mnt_sb);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_want_write_file);
/**
* __mnt_drop_write - give up write access to a mount
* @mnt: the mount on which to give up write access
*
* Tells the low-level filesystem that we are done
* performing writes to it. Must be matched with
* __mnt_want_write() call above.
*/
void __mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
preempt_disable();
mnt_dec_writers(real_mount(mnt));
preempt_enable();
}
/**
* mnt_drop_write - give up write access to a mount
* @mnt: the mount on which to give up write access
*
* Tells the low-level filesystem that we are done performing writes to it and
* also allows filesystem to be frozen again. Must be matched with
* mnt_want_write() call above.
*/
void mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
__mnt_drop_write(mnt);
sb_end_write(mnt->mnt_sb);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_drop_write);
void __mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *file)
{
__mnt_drop_write(file->f_path.mnt);
}
void mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *file)
{
mnt_drop_write(file->f_path.mnt);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_drop_write_file);
static int mnt_make_readonly(struct mount *mnt)
{
int ret = 0;
lock_mount_hash();
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_WRITE_HOLD;
/*
* After storing MNT_WRITE_HOLD, we'll read the counters. This store
* should be visible before we do.
*/
smp_mb();
/*
* With writers on hold, if this value is zero, then there are
* definitely no active writers (although held writers may subsequently
* increment the count, they'll have to wait, and decrement it after
* seeing MNT_READONLY).
*
* It is OK to have counter incremented on one CPU and decremented on
* another: the sum will add up correctly. The danger would be when we
* sum up each counter, if we read a counter before it is incremented,
* but then read another CPU's count which it has been subsequently
* decremented from -- we would see more decrements than we should.
* MNT_WRITE_HOLD protects against this scenario, because
* mnt_want_write first increments count, then smp_mb, then spins on
* MNT_WRITE_HOLD, so it can't be decremented by another CPU while
* we're counting up here.
*/
if (mnt_get_writers(mnt) > 0)
ret = -EBUSY;
else
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY;
/*
* MNT_READONLY must become visible before ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD, so writers
* that become unheld will see MNT_READONLY.
*/
smp_wmb();
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD;
unlock_mount_hash();
return ret;
}
static void __mnt_unmake_readonly(struct mount *mnt)
{
lock_mount_hash();
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_READONLY;
unlock_mount_hash();
}
int sb_prepare_remount_readonly(struct super_block *sb)
{
struct mount *mnt;
int err = 0;
/* Racy optimization. Recheck the counter under MNT_WRITE_HOLD */
if (atomic_long_read(&sb->s_remove_count))
return -EBUSY;
lock_mount_hash();
list_for_each_entry(mnt, &sb->s_mounts, mnt_instance) {
if (!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)) {
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_WRITE_HOLD;
smp_mb();
if (mnt_get_writers(mnt) > 0) {
err = -EBUSY;
break;
}
}
}
if (!err && atomic_long_read(&sb->s_remove_count))
err = -EBUSY;
if (!err) {
sb->s_readonly_remount = 1;
smp_wmb();
}
list_for_each_entry(mnt, &sb->s_mounts, mnt_instance) {
if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_WRITE_HOLD)
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD;
}
unlock_mount_hash();
return err;
}
static void free_vfsmnt(struct mount *mnt)
{
kfree_const(mnt->mnt_devname);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
free_percpu(mnt->mnt_pcp);
#endif
kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt);
}
static void delayed_free_vfsmnt(struct rcu_head *head)
{
free_vfsmnt(container_of(head, struct mount, mnt_rcu));
}
/* call under rcu_read_lock */
int __legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *bastard, unsigned seq)
{
struct mount *mnt;
if (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq))
return 1;
if (bastard == NULL)
return 0;
mnt = real_mount(bastard);
mnt_add_count(mnt, 1);
if (likely(!read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq)))
return 0;
if (bastard->mnt_flags & MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT) {
mnt_add_count(mnt, -1);
return 1;
}
return -1;
}
/* call under rcu_read_lock */
bool legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *bastard, unsigned seq)
{
int res = __legitimize_mnt(bastard, seq);
if (likely(!res))
return true;
if (unlikely(res < 0)) {
rcu_read_unlock();
mntput(bastard);
rcu_read_lock();
}
return false;
}
/*
* find the first mount at @dentry on vfsmount @mnt.
* call under rcu_read_lock()
*/
struct mount *__lookup_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct hlist_head *head = m_hash(mnt, dentry);
struct mount *p;
hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, mnt_hash)
if (&p->mnt_parent->mnt == mnt && p->mnt_mountpoint == dentry)
return p;
return NULL;
}
/*
* find the last mount at @dentry on vfsmount @mnt.
* mount_lock must be held.
*/
struct mount *__lookup_mnt_last(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct mount *p, *res = NULL;
p = __lookup_mnt(mnt, dentry);
if (!p)
goto out;
if (!(p->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT))
res = p;
hlist_for_each_entry_continue(p, mnt_hash) {
if (&p->mnt_parent->mnt != mnt || p->mnt_mountpoint != dentry)
break;
if (!(p->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT))
res = p;
}
out:
return res;
}
/*
* lookup_mnt - Return the first child mount mounted at path
*
* "First" means first mounted chronologically. If you create the
* following mounts:
*
* mount /dev/sda1 /mnt
* mount /dev/sda2 /mnt
* mount /dev/sda3 /mnt
*
* Then lookup_mnt() on the base /mnt dentry in the root mount will
* return successively the root dentry and vfsmount of /dev/sda1, then
* /dev/sda2, then /dev/sda3, then NULL.
*
* lookup_mnt takes a reference to the found vfsmount.
*/
struct vfsmount *lookup_mnt(struct path *path)
{
struct mount *child_mnt;
struct vfsmount *m;
unsigned seq;
rcu_read_lock();
do {
seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock);
child_mnt = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, path->dentry);
m = child_mnt ? &child_mnt->mnt : NULL;
} while (!legitimize_mnt(m, seq));
rcu_read_unlock();
return m;
}
/*
* __is_local_mountpoint - Test to see if dentry is a mountpoint in the
* current mount namespace.
*
* The common case is dentries are not mountpoints at all and that
* test is handled inline. For the slow case when we are actually
* dealing with a mountpoint of some kind, walk through all of the
* mounts in the current mount namespace and test to see if the dentry
* is a mountpoint.
*
* The mount_hashtable is not usable in the context because we
* need to identify all mounts that may be in the current mount
* namespace not just a mount that happens to have some specified
* parent mount.
*/
bool __is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct mnt_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns;
struct mount *mnt;
bool is_covered = false;
if (!d_mountpoint(dentry))
goto out;
down_read(&namespace_sem);
list_for_each_entry(mnt, &ns->list, mnt_list) {
is_covered = (mnt->mnt_mountpoint == dentry);
if (is_covered)
break;
}
up_read(&namespace_sem);
out:
return is_covered;
}
static struct mountpoint *lookup_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct hlist_head *chain = mp_hash(dentry);
struct mountpoint *mp;
hlist_for_each_entry(mp, chain, m_hash) {
if (mp->m_dentry == dentry) {
/* might be worth a WARN_ON() */
if (d_unlinked(dentry))
return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
mp->m_count++;
return mp;
}
}
return NULL;
}
static struct mountpoint *new_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct hlist_head *chain = mp_hash(dentry);
struct mountpoint *mp;
int ret;
mp = kmalloc(sizeof(struct mountpoint), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!mp)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
ret = d_set_mounted(dentry);
if (ret) {
kfree(mp);
return ERR_PTR(ret);
}
mp->m_dentry = dentry;
mp->m_count = 1;
hlist_add_head(&mp->m_hash, chain);
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&mp->m_list);
return mp;
}
static void put_mountpoint(struct mountpoint *mp)
{
if (!--mp->m_count) {
struct dentry *dentry = mp->m_dentry;
BUG_ON(!hlist_empty(&mp->m_list));
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_MOUNTED;
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
hlist_del(&mp->m_hash);
kfree(mp);
}
}
static inline int check_mnt(struct mount *mnt)
{
return mnt->mnt_ns == current->nsproxy->mnt_ns;
}
/*
* vfsmount lock must be held for write
*/
static void touch_mnt_namespace(struct mnt_namespace *ns)
{
if (ns) {
ns->event = ++event;
wake_up_interruptible(&ns->poll);
}
}
/*
* vfsmount lock must be held for write
*/
static void __touch_mnt_namespace(struct mnt_namespace *ns)
{
if (ns && ns->event != event) {
ns->event = event;
wake_up_interruptible(&ns->poll);
}
}
/*
* vfsmount lock must be held for write
*/
static void unhash_mnt(struct mount *mnt)
{
mnt->mnt_parent = mnt;
mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root;
list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_child);
hlist_del_init_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash);
hlist_del_init(&mnt->mnt_mp_list);
put_mountpoint(mnt->mnt_mp);
mnt->mnt_mp = NULL;
}
/*
* vfsmount lock must be held for write
*/
static void detach_mnt(struct mount *mnt, struct path *old_path)
{
old_path->dentry = mnt->mnt_mountpoint;
old_path->mnt = &mnt->mnt_parent->mnt;
unhash_mnt(mnt);
}
/*
* vfsmount lock must be held for write
*/
static void umount_mnt(struct mount *mnt)
{
/* old mountpoint will be dropped when we can do that */
mnt->mnt_ex_mountpoint = mnt->mnt_mountpoint;
unhash_mnt(mnt);
}
/*
* vfsmount lock must be held for write
*/
void mnt_set_mountpoint(struct mount *mnt,
struct mountpoint *mp,
struct mount *child_mnt)
{
mp->m_count++;
mnt_add_count(mnt, 1); /* essentially, that's mntget */
child_mnt->mnt_mountpoint = dget(mp->m_dentry);
child_mnt->mnt_parent = mnt;
child_mnt->mnt_mp = mp;
hlist_add_head(&child_mnt->mnt_mp_list, &mp->m_list);
}
/*
* vfsmount lock must be held for write
*/
static void attach_mnt(struct mount *mnt,
struct mount *parent,
struct mountpoint *mp)
{
mnt_set_mountpoint(parent, mp, mnt);
hlist_add_head_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash, m_hash(&parent->mnt, mp->m_dentry));
list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_child, &parent->mnt_mounts);
}
static void attach_shadowed(struct mount *mnt,
struct mount *parent,
struct mount *shadows)
{
if (shadows) {
hlist_add_behind_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash, &shadows->mnt_hash);
list_add(&mnt->mnt_child, &shadows->mnt_child);
} else {
hlist_add_head_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash,
m_hash(&parent->mnt, mnt->mnt_mountpoint));
list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_child, &parent->mnt_mounts);
}
}
/*
* vfsmount lock must be held for write
*/
static void commit_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *shadows)
{
struct mount *parent = mnt->mnt_parent;
struct mount *m;
LIST_HEAD(head);
struct mnt_namespace *n = parent->mnt_ns;
BUG_ON(parent == mnt);
list_add_tail(&head, &mnt->mnt_list);
list_for_each_entry(m, &head, mnt_list)
m->mnt_ns = n;
list_splice(&head, n->list.prev);
attach_shadowed(mnt, parent, shadows);
touch_mnt_namespace(n);
}
static struct mount *next_mnt(struct mount *p, struct mount *root)
{
struct list_head *next = p->mnt_mounts.next;
if (next == &p->mnt_mounts) {
while (1) {
if (p == root)
return NULL;
next = p->mnt_child.next;
if (next != &p->mnt_parent->mnt_mounts)
break;
p = p->mnt_parent;
}
}
return list_entry(next, struct mount, mnt_child);
}
static struct mount *skip_mnt_tree(struct mount *p)
{
struct list_head *prev = p->mnt_mounts.prev;
while (prev != &p->mnt_mounts) {
p = list_entry(prev, struct mount, mnt_child);
prev = p->mnt_mounts.prev;
}
return p;
}
struct vfsmount *
vfs_kern_mount(struct file_system_type *type, int flags, const char *name, void *data)
{
struct mount *mnt;
struct dentry *root;
if (!type)
return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
mnt = alloc_vfsmnt(name);
if (!mnt)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
if (flags & MS_KERNMOUNT)
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = MNT_INTERNAL;
root = mount_fs(type, flags, name, data);
if (IS_ERR(root)) {
mnt_free_id(mnt);
free_vfsmnt(mnt);
return ERR_CAST(root);
}
mnt->mnt.mnt_root = root;
mnt->mnt.mnt_sb = root->d_sb;
mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root;
mnt->mnt_parent = mnt;
lock_mount_hash();
list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_instance, &root->d_sb->s_mounts);
unlock_mount_hash();
return &mnt->mnt;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_kern_mount);
static struct mount *clone_mnt(struct mount *old, struct dentry *root,
int flag)
{
struct super_block *sb = old->mnt.mnt_sb;
struct mount *mnt;
int err;
mnt = alloc_vfsmnt(old->mnt_devname);
if (!mnt)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
if (flag & (CL_SLAVE | CL_PRIVATE | CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE))
mnt->mnt_group_id = 0; /* not a peer of original */
else
mnt->mnt_group_id = old->mnt_group_id;
if ((flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) && !mnt->mnt_group_id) {
err = mnt_alloc_group_id(mnt);
if (err)
goto out_free;
}
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = old->mnt.mnt_flags & ~(MNT_WRITE_HOLD|MNT_MARKED);
/* Don't allow unprivileged users to change mount flags */
if (flag & CL_UNPRIVILEGED) {
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCK_ATIME;
if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCK_READONLY;
if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV)
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCK_NODEV;
if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_NOSUID)
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCK_NOSUID;
if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_NOEXEC)
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCK_NOEXEC;
}
/* Don't allow unprivileged users to reveal what is under a mount */
if ((flag & CL_UNPRIVILEGED) &&
(!(flag & CL_EXPIRE) || list_empty(&old->mnt_expire)))
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCKED;
atomic_inc(&sb->s_active);
mnt->mnt.mnt_sb = sb;
mnt->mnt.mnt_root = dget(root);
mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root;
mnt->mnt_parent = mnt;
lock_mount_hash();
list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_instance, &sb->s_mounts);
unlock_mount_hash();
if ((flag & CL_SLAVE) ||
((flag & CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE) && IS_MNT_SHARED(old))) {
list_add(&mnt->mnt_slave, &old->mnt_slave_list);
mnt->mnt_master = old;
CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(mnt);
} else if (!(flag & CL_PRIVATE)) {
if ((flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) || IS_MNT_SHARED(old))
list_add(&mnt->mnt_share, &old->mnt_share);
if (IS_MNT_SLAVE(old))
list_add(&mnt->mnt_slave, &old->mnt_slave);
mnt->mnt_master = old->mnt_master;
}
if (flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED)
set_mnt_shared(mnt);
/* stick the duplicate mount on the same expiry list
* as the original if that was on one */
if (flag & CL_EXPIRE) {
if (!list_empty(&old->mnt_expire))
list_add(&mnt->mnt_expire, &old->mnt_expire);
}
return mnt;
out_free:
mnt_free_id(mnt);
free_vfsmnt(mnt);
return ERR_PTR(err);
}
static void cleanup_mnt(struct mount *mnt)
{
/*
* This probably indicates that somebody messed
* up a mnt_want/drop_write() pair. If this
* happens, the filesystem was probably unable
* to make r/w->r/o transitions.
*/
/*
* The locking used to deal with mnt_count decrement provides barriers,
* so mnt_get_writers() below is safe.
*/
WARN_ON(mnt_get_writers(mnt));
if (unlikely(mnt->mnt_pins.first))
mnt_pin_kill(mnt);
fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(&mnt->mnt);
dput(mnt->mnt.mnt_root);
deactivate_super(mnt->mnt.mnt_sb);
mnt_free_id(mnt);
call_rcu(&mnt->mnt_rcu, delayed_free_vfsmnt);
}
static void __cleanup_mnt(struct rcu_head *head)
{
cleanup_mnt(container_of(head, struct mount, mnt_rcu));
}
static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_mntput_list);
static void delayed_mntput(struct work_struct *unused)
{
struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_mntput_list);
struct llist_node *next;
for (; node; node = next) {
next = llist_next(node);
cleanup_mnt(llist_entry(node, struct mount, mnt_llist));
}
}
static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_mntput_work, delayed_mntput);
static void mntput_no_expire(struct mount *mnt)
{
rcu_read_lock();
mnt_add_count(mnt, -1);
if (likely(mnt->mnt_ns)) { /* shouldn't be the last one */
rcu_read_unlock();
return;
}
lock_mount_hash();
if (mnt_get_count(mnt)) {
rcu_read_unlock();
unlock_mount_hash();
return;
}
if (unlikely(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_DOOMED)) {
rcu_read_unlock();
unlock_mount_hash();
return;
}
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_DOOMED;
rcu_read_unlock();
list_del(&mnt->mnt_instance);
if (unlikely(!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_mounts))) {
struct mount *p, *tmp;
list_for_each_entry_safe(p, tmp, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) {
umount_mnt(p);
}
}
unlock_mount_hash();
if (likely(!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_INTERNAL))) {
struct task_struct *task = current;
if (likely(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) {
init_task_work(&mnt->mnt_rcu, __cleanup_mnt);
if (!task_work_add(task, &mnt->mnt_rcu, true))
return;
}
if (llist_add(&mnt->mnt_llist, &delayed_mntput_list))
schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_mntput_work, 1);
return;
}
cleanup_mnt(mnt);
}
void mntput(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
if (mnt) {
struct mount *m = real_mount(mnt);
/* avoid cacheline pingpong, hope gcc doesn't get "smart" */
if (unlikely(m->mnt_expiry_mark))
m->mnt_expiry_mark = 0;
mntput_no_expire(m);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntput);
struct vfsmount *mntget(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
if (mnt)
mnt_add_count(real_mount(mnt), 1);
return mnt;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntget);
struct vfsmount *mnt_clone_internal(struct path *path)
{
struct mount *p;
p = clone_mnt(real_mount(path->mnt), path->dentry, CL_PRIVATE);
if (IS_ERR(p))
return ERR_CAST(p);
p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_INTERNAL;
return &p->mnt;
}
static inline void mangle(struct seq_file *m, const char *s)
{
seq_escape(m, s, " \t\n\\");
}
/*
* Simple .show_options callback for filesystems which don't want to
* implement more complex mount option showing.
*
* See also save_mount_options().
*/
int generic_show_options(struct seq_file *m, struct dentry *root)
{
const char *options;
rcu_read_lock();
options = rcu_dereference(root->d_sb->s_options);
if (options != NULL && options[0]) {
seq_putc(m, ',');
mangle(m, options);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_show_options);
/*
* If filesystem uses generic_show_options(), this function should be
* called from the fill_super() callback.
*
* The .remount_fs callback usually needs to be handled in a special
* way, to make sure, that previous options are not overwritten if the
* remount fails.
*
* Also note, that if the filesystem's .remount_fs function doesn't
* reset all options to their default value, but changes only newly
* given options, then the displayed options will not reflect reality
* any more.
*/
void save_mount_options(struct super_block *sb, char *options)
{
BUG_ON(sb->s_options);
rcu_assign_pointer(sb->s_options, kstrdup(options, GFP_KERNEL));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(save_mount_options);
void replace_mount_options(struct super_block *sb, char *options)
{
char *old = sb->s_options;
rcu_assign_pointer(sb->s_options, options);
if (old) {
synchronize_rcu();
kfree(old);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(replace_mount_options);
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
/* iterator; we want it to have access to namespace_sem, thus here... */
static void *m_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
{
struct proc_mounts *p = m->private;
down_read(&namespace_sem);
if (p->cached_event == p->ns->event) {
void *v = p->cached_mount;
if (*pos == p->cached_index)
return v;
if (*pos == p->cached_index + 1) {
v = seq_list_next(v, &p->ns->list, &p->cached_index);
return p->cached_mount = v;
}
}
p->cached_event = p->ns->event;
p->cached_mount = seq_list_start(&p->ns->list, *pos);
p->cached_index = *pos;
return p->cached_mount;
}
static void *m_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos)
{
struct proc_mounts *p = m->private;
p->cached_mount = seq_list_next(v, &p->ns->list, pos);
p->cached_index = *pos;
return p->cached_mount;
}
static void m_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
up_read(&namespace_sem);
}
static int m_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
struct proc_mounts *p = m->private;
struct mount *r = list_entry(v, struct mount, mnt_list);
return p->show(m, &r->mnt);
}
const struct seq_operations mounts_op = {
.start = m_start,
.next = m_next,
.stop = m_stop,
.show = m_show,
};
#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */
/**
* may_umount_tree - check if a mount tree is busy
* @mnt: root of mount tree
*
* This is called to check if a tree of mounts has any
* open files, pwds, chroots or sub mounts that are
* busy.
*/
int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *m)
{
struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m);
int actual_refs = 0;
int minimum_refs = 0;
struct mount *p;
BUG_ON(!m);
/* write lock needed for mnt_get_count */
lock_mount_hash();
for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) {
actual_refs += mnt_get_count(p);
minimum_refs += 2;
}
unlock_mount_hash();
if (actual_refs > minimum_refs)
return 0;
return 1;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(may_umount_tree);
/**
* may_umount - check if a mount point is busy
* @mnt: root of mount
*
* This is called to check if a mount point has any
* open files, pwds, chroots or sub mounts. If the
* mount has sub mounts this will return busy
* regardless of whether the sub mounts are busy.
*
* Doesn't take quota and stuff into account. IOW, in some cases it will
* give false negatives. The main reason why it's here is that we need
* a non-destructive way to look for easily umountable filesystems.
*/
int may_umount(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
int ret = 1;
down_read(&namespace_sem);
lock_mount_hash();
if (propagate_mount_busy(real_mount(mnt), 2))
ret = 0;
unlock_mount_hash();
up_read(&namespace_sem);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(may_umount);
static HLIST_HEAD(unmounted); /* protected by namespace_sem */
static void namespace_unlock(void)
{
struct hlist_head head;
hlist_move_list(&unmounted, &head);
up_write(&namespace_sem);
if (likely(hlist_empty(&head)))
return;
synchronize_rcu();
group_pin_kill(&head);
}
static inline void namespace_lock(void)
{
down_write(&namespace_sem);
}
enum umount_tree_flags {
UMOUNT_SYNC = 1,
UMOUNT_PROPAGATE = 2,
UMOUNT_CONNECTED = 4,
};
static bool disconnect_mount(struct mount *mnt, enum umount_tree_flags how)
{
/* Leaving mounts connected is only valid for lazy umounts */
if (how & UMOUNT_SYNC)
return true;
/* A mount without a parent has nothing to be connected to */
if (!mnt_has_parent(mnt))
return true;
/* Because the reference counting rules change when mounts are
* unmounted and connected, umounted mounts may not be
* connected to mounted mounts.
*/
if (!(mnt->mnt_parent->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT))
return true;
/* Has it been requested that the mount remain connected? */
if (how & UMOUNT_CONNECTED)
return false;
/* Is the mount locked such that it needs to remain connected? */
if (IS_MNT_LOCKED(mnt))
return false;
/* By default disconnect the mount */
return true;
}
/*
* mount_lock must be held
* namespace_sem must be held for write
*/
static void umount_tree(struct mount *mnt, enum umount_tree_flags how)
{
LIST_HEAD(tmp_list);
struct mount *p;
if (how & UMOUNT_PROPAGATE)
propagate_mount_unlock(mnt);
/* Gather the mounts to umount */
for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) {
p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_UMOUNT;
list_move(&p->mnt_list, &tmp_list);
}
/* Hide the mounts from mnt_mounts */
list_for_each_entry(p, &tmp_list, mnt_list) {
list_del_init(&p->mnt_child);
}
/* Add propogated mounts to the tmp_list */
if (how & UMOUNT_PROPAGATE)
propagate_umount(&tmp_list);
while (!list_empty(&tmp_list)) {
bool disconnect;
p = list_first_entry(&tmp_list, struct mount, mnt_list);
list_del_init(&p->mnt_expire);
list_del_init(&p->mnt_list);
__touch_mnt_namespace(p->mnt_ns);
p->mnt_ns = NULL;
if (how & UMOUNT_SYNC)
p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT;
disconnect = disconnect_mount(p, how);
pin_insert_group(&p->mnt_umount, &p->mnt_parent->mnt,
disconnect ? &unmounted : NULL);
if (mnt_has_parent(p)) {
mnt_add_count(p->mnt_parent, -1);
if (!disconnect) {
/* Don't forget about p */
list_add_tail(&p->mnt_child, &p->mnt_parent->mnt_mounts);
} else {
umount_mnt(p);
}
}
change_mnt_propagation(p, MS_PRIVATE);
}
}
static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt);
static int do_umount(struct mount *mnt, int flags)
{
struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt.mnt_sb;
int retval;
retval = security_sb_umount(&mnt->mnt, flags);
if (retval)
return retval;
/*
* Allow userspace to request a mountpoint be expired rather than
* unmounting unconditionally. Unmount only happens if:
* (1) the mark is already set (the mark is cleared by mntput())
* (2) the usage count == 1 [parent vfsmount] + 1 [sys_umount]
*/
if (flags & MNT_EXPIRE) {
if (&mnt->mnt == current->fs->root.mnt ||
flags & (MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH))
return -EINVAL;
/*
* probably don't strictly need the lock here if we examined
* all race cases, but it's a slowpath.
*/
lock_mount_hash();
if (mnt_get_count(mnt) != 2) {
unlock_mount_hash();
return -EBUSY;
}
unlock_mount_hash();
if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1))
return -EAGAIN;
}
/*
* If we may have to abort operations to get out of this
* mount, and they will themselves hold resources we must
* allow the fs to do things. In the Unix tradition of
* 'Gee thats tricky lets do it in userspace' the umount_begin
* might fail to complete on the first run through as other tasks
* must return, and the like. Thats for the mount program to worry
* about for the moment.
*/
if (flags & MNT_FORCE && sb->s_op->umount_begin) {
sb->s_op->umount_begin(sb);
}
/*
* No sense to grab the lock for this test, but test itself looks
* somewhat bogus. Suggestions for better replacement?
* Ho-hum... In principle, we might treat that as umount + switch
* to rootfs. GC would eventually take care of the old vfsmount.
* Actually it makes sense, especially if rootfs would contain a
* /reboot - static binary that would close all descriptors and
* call reboot(9). Then init(8) could umount root and exec /reboot.
*/
if (&mnt->mnt == current->fs->root.mnt && !(flags & MNT_DETACH)) {
/*
* Special case for "unmounting" root ...
* we just try to remount it readonly.
*/
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
return -EPERM;
down_write(&sb->s_umount);
if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY))
retval = do_remount_sb(sb, MS_RDONLY, NULL, 0);
up_write(&sb->s_umount);
return retval;
}
namespace_lock();
lock_mount_hash();
event++;
if (flags & MNT_DETACH) {
if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_list))
umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE);
retval = 0;
} else {
shrink_submounts(mnt);
retval = -EBUSY;
if (!propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 2)) {
if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_list))
umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC);
retval = 0;
}
}
unlock_mount_hash();
namespace_unlock();
return retval;
}
/*
* __detach_mounts - lazily unmount all mounts on the specified dentry
*
* During unlink, rmdir, and d_drop it is possible to loose the path
* to an existing mountpoint, and wind up leaking the mount.
* detach_mounts allows lazily unmounting those mounts instead of
* leaking them.
*
* The caller may hold dentry->d_inode->i_mutex.
*/
void __detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct mountpoint *mp;
struct mount *mnt;
namespace_lock();
mp = lookup_mountpoint(dentry);
if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mp))
goto out_unlock;
lock_mount_hash();
while (!hlist_empty(&mp->m_list)) {
mnt = hlist_entry(mp->m_list.first, struct mount, mnt_mp_list);
if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT) {
hlist_add_head(&mnt->mnt_umount.s_list, &unmounted);
umount_mnt(mnt);
}
else umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_CONNECTED);
}
unlock_mount_hash();
put_mountpoint(mp);
out_unlock:
namespace_unlock();
}
/*
* Is the caller allowed to modify his namespace?
*/
static inline bool may_mount(void)
{
return ns_capable(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN);
}
/*
* Now umount can handle mount points as well as block devices.
* This is important for filesystems which use unnamed block devices.
*
* We now support a flag for forced unmount like the other 'big iron'
* unixes. Our API is identical to OSF/1 to avoid making a mess of AMD
*/
SYSCALL_DEFINE2(umount, char __user *, name, int, flags)
{
struct path path;
struct mount *mnt;
int retval;
int lookup_flags = 0;
if (flags & ~(MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH | MNT_EXPIRE | UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW))
return -EINVAL;
if (!may_mount())
return -EPERM;
if (!(flags & UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW))
lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW;
retval = user_path_mountpoint_at(AT_FDCWD, name, lookup_flags, &path);
if (retval)
goto out;
mnt = real_mount(path.mnt);
retval = -EINVAL;
if (path.dentry != path.mnt->mnt_root)
goto dput_and_out;
if (!check_mnt(mnt))
goto dput_and_out;
if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED)
goto dput_and_out;
retval = -EPERM;
if (flags & MNT_FORCE && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
goto dput_and_out;
retval = do_umount(mnt, flags);
dput_and_out:
/* we mustn't call path_put() as that would clear mnt_expiry_mark */
dput(path.dentry);
mntput_no_expire(mnt);
out:
return retval;
}
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_OLDUMOUNT
/*
* The 2.0 compatible umount. No flags.
*/
SYSCALL_DEFINE1(oldumount, char __user *, name)
{
return sys_umount(name, 0);
}
#endif
static bool is_mnt_ns_file(struct dentry *dentry)
{
/* Is this a proxy for a mount namespace? */
return dentry->d_op == &ns_dentry_operations &&
dentry->d_fsdata == &mntns_operations;
}
struct mnt_namespace *to_mnt_ns(struct ns_common *ns)
{
return container_of(ns, struct mnt_namespace, ns);
}
static bool mnt_ns_loop(struct dentry *dentry)
{
/* Could bind mounting the mount namespace inode cause a
* mount namespace loop?
*/
struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns;
if (!is_mnt_ns_file(dentry))
return false;
mnt_ns = to_mnt_ns(get_proc_ns(dentry->d_inode));
return current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->seq >= mnt_ns->seq;
}
struct mount *copy_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry,
int flag)
{
struct mount *res, *p, *q, *r, *parent;
if (!(flag & CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE) && IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(mnt))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
if (!(flag & CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) && is_mnt_ns_file(dentry))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
res = q = clone_mnt(mnt, dentry, flag);
if (IS_ERR(q))
return q;
q->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt_mountpoint;
p = mnt;
list_for_each_entry(r, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) {
struct mount *s;
if (!is_subdir(r->mnt_mountpoint, dentry))
continue;
for (s = r; s; s = next_mnt(s, r)) {
struct mount *t = NULL;
if (!(flag & CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE) &&
IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(s)) {
s = skip_mnt_tree(s);
continue;
}
if (!(flag & CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) &&
is_mnt_ns_file(s->mnt.mnt_root)) {
s = skip_mnt_tree(s);
continue;
}
while (p != s->mnt_parent) {
p = p->mnt_parent;
q = q->mnt_parent;
}
p = s;
parent = q;
q = clone_mnt(p, p->mnt.mnt_root, flag);
if (IS_ERR(q))
goto out;
lock_mount_hash();
list_add_tail(&q->mnt_list, &res->mnt_list);
mnt_set_mountpoint(parent, p->mnt_mp, q);
if (!list_empty(&parent->mnt_mounts)) {
t = list_last_entry(&parent->mnt_mounts,
struct mount, mnt_child);
if (t->mnt_mp != p->mnt_mp)
t = NULL;
}
attach_shadowed(q, parent, t);
unlock_mount_hash();
}
}
return res;
out:
if (res) {
lock_mount_hash();
umount_tree(res, UMOUNT_SYNC);
unlock_mount_hash();
}
return q;
}
/* Caller should check returned pointer for errors */
struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(struct path *path)
{
struct mount *tree;
namespace_lock();
if (!check_mnt(real_mount(path->mnt)))
tree = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
else
tree = copy_tree(real_mount(path->mnt), path->dentry,
CL_COPY_ALL | CL_PRIVATE);
namespace_unlock();
if (IS_ERR(tree))
return ERR_CAST(tree);
return &tree->mnt;
}
void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
namespace_lock();
lock_mount_hash();
umount_tree(real_mount(mnt), UMOUNT_SYNC);
unlock_mount_hash();
namespace_unlock();
}
/**
* clone_private_mount - create a private clone of a path
*
* This creates a new vfsmount, which will be the clone of @path. The new will
* not be attached anywhere in the namespace and will be private (i.e. changes
* to the originating mount won't be propagated into this).
*
* Release with mntput().
*/
struct vfsmount *clone_private_mount(struct path *path)
{
struct mount *old_mnt = real_mount(path->mnt);
struct mount *new_mnt;
if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old_mnt))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
down_read(&namespace_sem);
new_mnt = clone_mnt(old_mnt, path->dentry, CL_PRIVATE);
up_read(&namespace_sem);
if (IS_ERR(new_mnt))
return ERR_CAST(new_mnt);
return &new_mnt->mnt;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clone_private_mount);
int iterate_mounts(int (*f)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *arg,
struct vfsmount *root)
{
struct mount *mnt;
int res = f(root, arg);
if (res)
return res;
list_for_each_entry(mnt, &real_mount(root)->mnt_list, mnt_list) {
res = f(&mnt->mnt, arg);
if (res)
return res;
}
return 0;
}
static void cleanup_group_ids(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *end)
{
struct mount *p;
for (p = mnt; p != end; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) {
if (p->mnt_group_id && !IS_MNT_SHARED(p))
mnt_release_group_id(p);
}
}
static int invent_group_ids(struct mount *mnt, bool recurse)
{
struct mount *p;
for (p = mnt; p; p = recurse ? next_mnt(p, mnt) : NULL) {
if (!p->mnt_group_id && !IS_MNT_SHARED(p)) {
int err = mnt_alloc_group_id(p);
if (err) {
cleanup_group_ids(mnt, p);
return err;
}
}
}
return 0;
}
/*
* @source_mnt : mount tree to be attached
* @nd : place the mount tree @source_mnt is attached
* @parent_nd : if non-null, detach the source_mnt from its parent and
* store the parent mount and mountpoint dentry.
* (done when source_mnt is moved)
*
* NOTE: in the table below explains the semantics when a source mount
* of a given type is attached to a destination mount of a given type.
* ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
* | BIND MOUNT OPERATION |
* |**************************************************************************
* | source-->| shared | private | slave | unbindable |
* | dest | | | | |
* | | | | | | |
* | v | | | | |
* |**************************************************************************
* | shared | shared (++) | shared (+) | shared(+++)| invalid |
* | | | | | |
* |non-shared| shared (+) | private | slave (*) | invalid |
* ***************************************************************************
* A bind operation clones the source mount and mounts the clone on the
* destination mount.
*
* (++) the cloned mount is propagated to all the mounts in the propagation
* tree of the destination mount and the cloned mount is added to
* the peer group of the source mount.
* (+) the cloned mount is created under the destination mount and is marked
* as shared. The cloned mount is added to the peer group of the source
* mount.
* (+++) the mount is propagated to all the mounts in the propagation tree
* of the destination mount and the cloned mount is made slave
* of the same master as that of the source mount. The cloned mount
* is marked as 'shared and slave'.
* (*) the cloned mount is made a slave of the same master as that of the
* source mount.
*
* ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
* | MOVE MOUNT OPERATION |
* |**************************************************************************
* | source-->| shared | private | slave | unbindable |
* | dest | | | | |
* | | | | | | |
* | v | | | | |
* |**************************************************************************
* | shared | shared (+) | shared (+) | shared(+++) | invalid |
* | | | | | |
* |non-shared| shared (+*) | private | slave (*) | unbindable |
* ***************************************************************************
*
* (+) the mount is moved to the destination. And is then propagated to
* all the mounts in the propagation tree of the destination mount.
* (+*) the mount is moved to the destination.
* (+++) the mount is moved to the destination and is then propagated to
* all the mounts belonging to the destination mount's propagation tree.
* the mount is marked as 'shared and slave'.
* (*) the mount continues to be a slave at the new location.
*
* if the source mount is a tree, the operations explained above is
* applied to each mount in the tree.
* Must be called without spinlocks held, since this function can sleep
* in allocations.
*/
static int attach_recursive_mnt(struct mount *source_mnt,
struct mount *dest_mnt,
struct mountpoint *dest_mp,
struct path *parent_path)
{
HLIST_HEAD(tree_list);
struct mount *child, *p;
struct hlist_node *n;
int err;
if (IS_MNT_SHARED(dest_mnt)) {
err = invent_group_ids(source_mnt, true);
if (err)
goto out;
err = propagate_mnt(dest_mnt, dest_mp, source_mnt, &tree_list);
lock_mount_hash();
if (err)
goto out_cleanup_ids;
for (p = source_mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, source_mnt))
set_mnt_shared(p);
} else {
lock_mount_hash();
}
if (parent_path) {
detach_mnt(source_mnt, parent_path);
attach_mnt(source_mnt, dest_mnt, dest_mp);
touch_mnt_namespace(source_mnt->mnt_ns);
} else {
mnt_set_mountpoint(dest_mnt, dest_mp, source_mnt);
commit_tree(source_mnt, NULL);
}
hlist_for_each_entry_safe(child, n, &tree_list, mnt_hash) {
struct mount *q;
hlist_del_init(&child->mnt_hash);
q = __lookup_mnt_last(&child->mnt_parent->mnt,
child->mnt_mountpoint);
commit_tree(child, q);
}
unlock_mount_hash();
return 0;
out_cleanup_ids:
while (!hlist_empty(&tree_list)) {
child = hlist_entry(tree_list.first, struct mount, mnt_hash);
umount_tree(child, UMOUNT_SYNC);
}
unlock_mount_hash();
cleanup_group_ids(source_mnt, NULL);
out:
return err;
}
static struct mountpoint *lock_mount(struct path *path)
{
struct vfsmount *mnt;
struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry;
retry:
mutex_lock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
if (unlikely(cant_mount(dentry))) {
mutex_unlock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
}
namespace_lock();
mnt = lookup_mnt(path);
if (likely(!mnt)) {
struct mountpoint *mp = lookup_mountpoint(dentry);
if (!mp)
mp = new_mountpoint(dentry);
if (IS_ERR(mp)) {
namespace_unlock();
mutex_unlock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
return mp;
}
return mp;
}
namespace_unlock();
mutex_unlock(&path->dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
path_put(path);
path->mnt = mnt;
dentry = path->dentry = dget(mnt->mnt_root);
goto retry;
}
static void unlock_mount(struct mountpoint *where)
{
struct dentry *dentry = where->m_dentry;
put_mountpoint(where);
namespace_unlock();
mutex_unlock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
}
static int graft_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *p, struct mountpoint *mp)
{
if (mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_flags & MS_NOUSER)
return -EINVAL;
if (d_is_dir(mp->m_dentry) !=
d_is_dir(mnt->mnt.mnt_root))
return -ENOTDIR;
return attach_recursive_mnt(mnt, p, mp, NULL);
}
/*
* Sanity check the flags to change_mnt_propagation.
*/
static int flags_to_propagation_type(int flags)
{
int type = flags & ~(MS_REC | MS_SILENT);
/* Fail if any non-propagation flags are set */
if (type & ~(MS_SHARED | MS_PRIVATE | MS_SLAVE | MS_UNBINDABLE))
return 0;
/* Only one propagation flag should be set */
if (!is_power_of_2(type))
return 0;
return type;
}
/*
* recursively change the type of the mountpoint.
*/
static int do_change_type(struct path *path, int flag)
{
struct mount *m;
struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt);
int recurse = flag & MS_REC;
int type;
int err = 0;
if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root)
return -EINVAL;
type = flags_to_propagation_type(flag);
if (!type)
return -EINVAL;
namespace_lock();
if (type == MS_SHARED) {
err = invent_group_ids(mnt, recurse);
if (err)
goto out_unlock;
}
lock_mount_hash();
for (m = mnt; m; m = (recurse ? next_mnt(m, mnt) : NULL))
change_mnt_propagation(m, type);
unlock_mount_hash();
out_unlock:
namespace_unlock();
return err;
}
static bool has_locked_children(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry)
{
struct mount *child;
list_for_each_entry(child, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) {
if (!is_subdir(child->mnt_mountpoint, dentry))
continue;
if (child->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED)
return true;
}
return false;
}
/*
* do loopback mount.
*/
static int do_loopback(struct path *path, const char *old_name,
int recurse)
{
struct path old_path;
struct mount *mnt = NULL, *old, *parent;
struct mountpoint *mp;
int err;
if (!old_name || !*old_name)
return -EINVAL;
err = kern_path(old_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT, &old_path);
if (err)
return err;
err = -EINVAL;
if (mnt_ns_loop(old_path.dentry))
goto out;
mp = lock_mount(path);
err = PTR_ERR(mp);
if (IS_ERR(mp))
goto out;
old = real_mount(old_path.mnt);
parent = real_mount(path->mnt);
err = -EINVAL;
if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old))
goto out2;
if (!check_mnt(parent))
goto out2;
if (!check_mnt(old) && old_path.dentry->d_op != &ns_dentry_operations)
goto out2;
if (!recurse && has_locked_children(old, old_path.dentry))
goto out2;
if (recurse)
mnt = copy_tree(old, old_path.dentry, CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE);
else
mnt = clone_mnt(old, old_path.dentry, 0);
if (IS_ERR(mnt)) {
err = PTR_ERR(mnt);
goto out2;
}
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED;
err = graft_tree(mnt, parent, mp);
if (err) {
lock_mount_hash();
umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_SYNC);
unlock_mount_hash();
}
out2:
unlock_mount(mp);
out:
path_put(&old_path);
return err;
}
static int change_mount_flags(struct vfsmount *mnt, int ms_flags)
{
int error = 0;
int readonly_request = 0;
if (ms_flags & MS_RDONLY)
readonly_request = 1;
if (readonly_request == __mnt_is_readonly(mnt))
return 0;
if (readonly_request)
error = mnt_make_readonly(real_mount(mnt));
else
__mnt_unmake_readonly(real_mount(mnt));
return error;
}
/*
* change filesystem flags. dir should be a physical root of filesystem.
* If you've mounted a non-root directory somewhere and want to do remount
* on it - tough luck.
*/
static int do_remount(struct path *path, int flags, int mnt_flags,
void *data)
{
int err;
struct super_block *sb = path->mnt->mnt_sb;
struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt);
if (!check_mnt(mnt))
return -EINVAL;
if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root)
return -EINVAL;
/* Don't allow changing of locked mnt flags.
*
* No locks need to be held here while testing the various
* MNT_LOCK flags because those flags can never be cleared
* once they are set.
*/
if ((mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_READONLY) &&
!(mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)) {
return -EPERM;
}
if ((mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_NODEV) &&
!(mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV)) {
/* Was the nodev implicitly added in mount? */
if ((mnt->mnt_ns->user_ns != &init_user_ns) &&
!(sb->s_type->fs_flags & FS_USERNS_DEV_MOUNT)) {
mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV;
} else {
return -EPERM;
}
}
if ((mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_NOSUID) &&
!(mnt_flags & MNT_NOSUID)) {
return -EPERM;
}
if ((mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_NOEXEC) &&
!(mnt_flags & MNT_NOEXEC)) {
return -EPERM;
}
if ((mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_ATIME) &&
((mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK) != (mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK))) {
return -EPERM;
}
err = security_sb_remount(sb, data);
if (err)
return err;
down_write(&sb->s_umount);
if (flags & MS_BIND)
err = change_mount_flags(path->mnt, flags);
else if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
err = -EPERM;
else
err = do_remount_sb(sb, flags, data, 0);
if (!err) {
lock_mount_hash();
mnt_flags |= mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & ~MNT_USER_SETTABLE_MASK;
mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = mnt_flags;
touch_mnt_namespace(mnt->mnt_ns);
unlock_mount_hash();
}
up_write(&sb->s_umount);
return err;
}
static inline int tree_contains_unbindable(struct mount *mnt)
{
struct mount *p;
for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) {
if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(p))
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
static int do_move_mount(struct path *path, const char *old_name)
{
struct path old_path, parent_path;
struct mount *p;
struct mount *old;
struct mountpoint *mp;
int err;
if (!old_name || !*old_name)
return -EINVAL;
err = kern_path(old_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &old_path);
if (err)
return err;
mp = lock_mount(path);
err = PTR_ERR(mp);
if (IS_ERR(mp))
goto out;
old = real_mount(old_path.mnt);
p = real_mount(path->mnt);
err = -EINVAL;
if (!check_mnt(p) || !check_mnt(old))
goto out1;
if (old->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED)
goto out1;
err = -EINVAL;
if (old_path.dentry != old_path.mnt->mnt_root)
goto out1;
if (!mnt_has_parent(old))
goto out1;
if (d_is_dir(path->dentry) !=
d_is_dir(old_path.dentry))
goto out1;
/*
* Don't move a mount residing in a shared parent.
*/
if (IS_MNT_SHARED(old->mnt_parent))
goto out1;
/*
* Don't move a mount tree containing unbindable mounts to a destination
* mount which is shared.
*/
if (IS_MNT_SHARED(p) && tree_contains_unbindable(old))
goto out1;
err = -ELOOP;
for (; mnt_has_parent(p); p = p->mnt_parent)
if (p == old)
goto out1;
err = attach_recursive_mnt(old, real_mount(path->mnt), mp, &parent_path);
if (err)
goto out1;
/* if the mount is moved, it should no longer be expire
* automatically */
list_del_init(&old->mnt_expire);
out1:
unlock_mount(mp);
out:
if (!err)
path_put(&parent_path);
path_put(&old_path);
return err;
}
static struct vfsmount *fs_set_subtype(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *fstype)
{
int err;
const char *subtype = strchr(fstype, '.');
if (subtype) {
subtype++;
err = -EINVAL;
if (!subtype[0])
goto err;
} else
subtype = "";
mnt->mnt_sb->s_subtype = kstrdup(subtype, GFP_KERNEL);
err = -ENOMEM;
if (!mnt->mnt_sb->s_subtype)
goto err;
return mnt;
err:
mntput(mnt);
return ERR_PTR(err);
}
/*
* add a mount into a namespace's mount tree
*/
static int do_add_mount(struct mount *newmnt, struct path *path, int mnt_flags)
{
struct mountpoint *mp;
struct mount *parent;
int err;
mnt_flags &= ~MNT_INTERNAL_FLAGS;
mp = lock_mount(path);
if (IS_ERR(mp))
return PTR_ERR(mp);
parent = real_mount(path->mnt);
err = -EINVAL;
if (unlikely(!check_mnt(parent))) {
/* that's acceptable only for automounts done in private ns */
if (!(mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE))
goto unlock;
/* ... and for those we'd better have mountpoint still alive */
if (!parent->mnt_ns)
goto unlock;
}
/* Refuse the same filesystem on the same mount point */
err = -EBUSY;
if (path->mnt->mnt_sb == newmnt->mnt.mnt_sb &&
path->mnt->mnt_root == path->dentry)
goto unlock;
err = -EINVAL;
if (d_is_symlink(newmnt->mnt.mnt_root))
goto unlock;
newmnt->mnt.mnt_flags = mnt_flags;
err = graft_tree(newmnt, parent, mp);
unlock:
unlock_mount(mp);
return err;
}
static bool fs_fully_visible(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int *new_mnt_flags);
/*
* create a new mount for userspace and request it to be added into the
* namespace's tree
*/
static int do_new_mount(struct path *path, const char *fstype, int flags,
int mnt_flags, const char *name, void *data)
{
struct file_system_type *type;
struct user_namespace *user_ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns;
struct vfsmount *mnt;
int err;
if (!fstype)
return -EINVAL;
type = get_fs_type(fstype);
if (!type)
return -ENODEV;
if (user_ns != &init_user_ns) {
if (!(type->fs_flags & FS_USERNS_MOUNT)) {
put_filesystem(type);
return -EPERM;
}
/* Only in special cases allow devices from mounts
* created outside the initial user namespace.
*/
if (!(type->fs_flags & FS_USERNS_DEV_MOUNT)) {
flags |= MS_NODEV;
mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV | MNT_LOCK_NODEV;
}
if (type->fs_flags & FS_USERNS_VISIBLE) {
if (!fs_fully_visible(type, &mnt_flags))
return -EPERM;
}
}
mnt = vfs_kern_mount(type, flags, name, data);
if (!IS_ERR(mnt) && (type->fs_flags & FS_HAS_SUBTYPE) &&
!mnt->mnt_sb->s_subtype)
mnt = fs_set_subtype(mnt, fstype);
put_filesystem(type);
if (IS_ERR(mnt))
return PTR_ERR(mnt);
err = do_add_mount(real_mount(mnt), path, mnt_flags);
if (err)
mntput(mnt);
return err;
}
int finish_automount(struct vfsmount *m, struct path *path)
{
struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m);
int err;
/* The new mount record should have at least 2 refs to prevent it being
* expired before we get a chance to add it
*/
BUG_ON(mnt_get_count(mnt) < 2);
if (m->mnt_sb == path->mnt->mnt_sb &&
m->mnt_root == path->dentry) {
err = -ELOOP;
goto fail;
}
err = do_add_mount(mnt, path, path->mnt->mnt_flags | MNT_SHRINKABLE);
if (!err)
return 0;
fail:
/* remove m from any expiration list it may be on */
if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_expire)) {
namespace_lock();
list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_expire);
namespace_unlock();
}
mntput(m);
mntput(m);
return err;
}
/**
* mnt_set_expiry - Put a mount on an expiration list
* @mnt: The mount to list.
* @expiry_list: The list to add the mount to.
*/
void mnt_set_expiry(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct list_head *expiry_list)
{
namespace_lock();
list_add_tail(&real_mount(mnt)->mnt_expire, expiry_list);
namespace_unlock();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_set_expiry);
/*
* process a list of expirable mountpoints with the intent of discarding any
* mountpoints that aren't in use and haven't been touched since last we came
* here
*/
void mark_mounts_for_expiry(struct list_head *mounts)
{
struct mount *mnt, *next;
LIST_HEAD(graveyard);
if (list_empty(mounts))
return;
namespace_lock();
lock_mount_hash();
/* extract from the expiration list every vfsmount that matches the
* following criteria:
* - only referenced by its parent vfsmount
* - still marked for expiry (marked on the last call here; marks are
* cleared by mntput())
*/
list_for_each_entry_safe(mnt, next, mounts, mnt_expire) {
if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1) ||
propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 1))
continue;
list_move(&mnt->mnt_expire, &graveyard);
}
while (!list_empty(&graveyard)) {
mnt = list_first_entry(&graveyard, struct mount, mnt_expire);
touch_mnt_namespace(mnt->mnt_ns);
umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC);
}
unlock_mount_hash();
namespace_unlock();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mark_mounts_for_expiry);
/*
* Ripoff of 'select_parent()'
*
* search the list of submounts for a given mountpoint, and move any
* shrinkable submounts to the 'graveyard' list.
*/
static int select_submounts(struct mount *parent, struct list_head *graveyard)
{
struct mount *this_parent = parent;
struct list_head *next;
int found = 0;
repeat:
next = this_parent->mnt_mounts.next;
resume:
while (next != &this_parent->mnt_mounts) {
struct list_head *tmp = next;
struct mount *mnt = list_entry(tmp, struct mount, mnt_child);
next = tmp->next;
if (!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE))
continue;
/*
* Descend a level if the d_mounts list is non-empty.
*/
if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_mounts)) {
this_parent = mnt;
goto repeat;
}
if (!propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 1)) {
list_move_tail(&mnt->mnt_expire, graveyard);
found++;
}
}
/*
* All done at this level ... ascend and resume the search
*/
if (this_parent != parent) {
next = this_parent->mnt_child.next;
this_parent = this_parent->mnt_parent;
goto resume;
}
return found;
}
/*
* process a list of expirable mountpoints with the intent of discarding any
* submounts of a specific parent mountpoint
*
* mount_lock must be held for write
*/
static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt)
{
LIST_HEAD(graveyard);
struct mount *m;
/* extract submounts of 'mountpoint' from the expiration list */
while (select_submounts(mnt, &graveyard)) {
while (!list_empty(&graveyard)) {
m = list_first_entry(&graveyard, struct mount,
mnt_expire);
touch_mnt_namespace(m->mnt_ns);
umount_tree(m, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC);
}
}
}
/*
* Some copy_from_user() implementations do not return the exact number of
* bytes remaining to copy on a fault. But copy_mount_options() requires that.
* Note that this function differs from copy_from_user() in that it will oops
* on bad values of `to', rather than returning a short copy.
*/
static long exact_copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user * from,
unsigned long n)
{
char *t = to;
const char __user *f = from;
char c;
if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, from, n))
return n;
while (n) {
if (__get_user(c, f)) {
memset(t, 0, n);
break;
}
*t++ = c;
f++;
n--;
}
return n;
}
int copy_mount_options(const void __user * data, unsigned long *where)
{
int i;
unsigned long page;
unsigned long size;
*where = 0;
if (!data)
return 0;
if (!(page = __get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL)))
return -ENOMEM;
/* We only care that *some* data at the address the user
* gave us is valid. Just in case, we'll zero
* the remainder of the page.
*/
/* copy_from_user cannot cross TASK_SIZE ! */
size = TASK_SIZE - (unsigned long)data;
if (size > PAGE_SIZE)
size = PAGE_SIZE;
i = size - exact_copy_from_user((void *)page, data, size);
if (!i) {
free_page(page);
return -EFAULT;
}
if (i != PAGE_SIZE)
memset((char *)page + i, 0, PAGE_SIZE - i);
*where = page;
return 0;
}
char *copy_mount_string(const void __user *data)
{
return data ? strndup_user(data, PAGE_SIZE) : NULL;
}
/*
* Flags is a 32-bit value that allows up to 31 non-fs dependent flags to
* be given to the mount() call (ie: read-only, no-dev, no-suid etc).
*
* data is a (void *) that can point to any structure up to
* PAGE_SIZE-1 bytes, which can contain arbitrary fs-dependent
* information (or be NULL).
*
* Pre-0.97 versions of mount() didn't have a flags word.
* When the flags word was introduced its top half was required
* to have the magic value 0xC0ED, and this remained so until 2.4.0-test9.
* Therefore, if this magic number is present, it carries no information
* and must be discarded.
*/
long do_mount(const char *dev_name, const char __user *dir_name,
const char *type_page, unsigned long flags, void *data_page)
{
struct path path;
int retval = 0;
int mnt_flags = 0;
/* Discard magic */
if ((flags & MS_MGC_MSK) == MS_MGC_VAL)
flags &= ~MS_MGC_MSK;
/* Basic sanity checks */
if (data_page)
((char *)data_page)[PAGE_SIZE - 1] = 0;
/* ... and get the mountpoint */
retval = user_path(dir_name, &path);
if (retval)
return retval;
retval = security_sb_mount(dev_name, &path,
type_page, flags, data_page);
if (!retval && !may_mount())
retval = -EPERM;
if (retval)
goto dput_out;
/* Default to relatime unless overriden */
if (!(flags & MS_NOATIME))
mnt_flags |= MNT_RELATIME;
/* Separate the per-mountpoint flags */
if (flags & MS_NOSUID)
mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSUID;
if (flags & MS_NODEV)
mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV;
if (flags & MS_NOEXEC)
mnt_flags |= MNT_NOEXEC;
if (flags & MS_NOATIME)
mnt_flags |= MNT_NOATIME;
if (flags & MS_NODIRATIME)
mnt_flags |= MNT_NODIRATIME;
if (flags & MS_STRICTATIME)
mnt_flags &= ~(MNT_RELATIME | MNT_NOATIME);
if (flags & MS_RDONLY)
mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY;
/* The default atime for remount is preservation */
if ((flags & MS_REMOUNT) &&
((flags & (MS_NOATIME | MS_NODIRATIME | MS_RELATIME |
MS_STRICTATIME)) == 0)) {
mnt_flags &= ~MNT_ATIME_MASK;
mnt_flags |= path.mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK;
}
flags &= ~(MS_NOSUID | MS_NOEXEC | MS_NODEV | MS_ACTIVE | MS_BORN |
MS_NOATIME | MS_NODIRATIME | MS_RELATIME| MS_KERNMOUNT |
MS_STRICTATIME);
if (flags & MS_REMOUNT)
retval = do_remount(&path, flags & ~MS_REMOUNT, mnt_flags,
data_page);
else if (flags & MS_BIND)
retval = do_loopback(&path, dev_name, flags & MS_REC);
else if (flags & (MS_SHARED | MS_PRIVATE | MS_SLAVE | MS_UNBINDABLE))
retval = do_change_type(&path, flags);
else if (flags & MS_MOVE)
retval = do_move_mount(&path, dev_name);
else
retval = do_new_mount(&path, type_page, flags, mnt_flags,
dev_name, data_page);
dput_out:
path_put(&path);
return retval;
}
static void free_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns)
{
ns_free_inum(&ns->ns);
put_user_ns(ns->user_ns);
kfree(ns);
}
/*
* Assign a sequence number so we can detect when we attempt to bind
* mount a reference to an older mount namespace into the current
* mount namespace, preventing reference counting loops. A 64bit
* number incrementing at 10Ghz will take 12,427 years to wrap which
* is effectively never, so we can ignore the possibility.
*/
static atomic64_t mnt_ns_seq = ATOMIC64_INIT(1);
static struct mnt_namespace *alloc_mnt_ns(struct user_namespace *user_ns)
{
struct mnt_namespace *new_ns;
int ret;
new_ns = kmalloc(sizeof(struct mnt_namespace), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!new_ns)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
ret = ns_alloc_inum(&new_ns->ns);
if (ret) {
kfree(new_ns);
return ERR_PTR(ret);
}
new_ns->ns.ops = &mntns_operations;
new_ns->seq = atomic64_add_return(1, &mnt_ns_seq);
atomic_set(&new_ns->count, 1);
new_ns->root = NULL;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_ns->list);
init_waitqueue_head(&new_ns->poll);
new_ns->event = 0;
new_ns->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns);
return new_ns;
}
struct mnt_namespace *copy_mnt_ns(unsigned long flags, struct mnt_namespace *ns,
struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct fs_struct *new_fs)
{
struct mnt_namespace *new_ns;
struct vfsmount *rootmnt = NULL, *pwdmnt = NULL;
struct mount *p, *q;
struct mount *old;
struct mount *new;
int copy_flags;
BUG_ON(!ns);
if (likely(!(flags & CLONE_NEWNS))) {
get_mnt_ns(ns);
return ns;
}
old = ns->root;
new_ns = alloc_mnt_ns(user_ns);
if (IS_ERR(new_ns))
return new_ns;
namespace_lock();
/* First pass: copy the tree topology */
copy_flags = CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE | CL_EXPIRE;
if (user_ns != ns->user_ns)
copy_flags |= CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE | CL_UNPRIVILEGED;
new = copy_tree(old, old->mnt.mnt_root, copy_flags);
if (IS_ERR(new)) {
namespace_unlock();
free_mnt_ns(new_ns);
return ERR_CAST(new);
}
new_ns->root = new;
list_add_tail(&new_ns->list, &new->mnt_list);
/*
* Second pass: switch the tsk->fs->* elements and mark new vfsmounts
* as belonging to new namespace. We have already acquired a private
* fs_struct, so tsk->fs->lock is not needed.
*/
p = old;
q = new;
while (p) {
q->mnt_ns = new_ns;
if (new_fs) {
if (&p->mnt == new_fs->root.mnt) {
new_fs->root.mnt = mntget(&q->mnt);
rootmnt = &p->mnt;
}
if (&p->mnt == new_fs->pwd.mnt) {
new_fs->pwd.mnt = mntget(&q->mnt);
pwdmnt = &p->mnt;
}
}
p = next_mnt(p, old);
q = next_mnt(q, new);
if (!q)
break;
while (p->mnt.mnt_root != q->mnt.mnt_root)
p = next_mnt(p, old);
}
namespace_unlock();
if (rootmnt)
mntput(rootmnt);
if (pwdmnt)
mntput(pwdmnt);
return new_ns;
}
/**
* create_mnt_ns - creates a private namespace and adds a root filesystem
* @mnt: pointer to the new root filesystem mountpoint
*/
static struct mnt_namespace *create_mnt_ns(struct vfsmount *m)
{
struct mnt_namespace *new_ns = alloc_mnt_ns(&init_user_ns);
if (!IS_ERR(new_ns)) {
struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m);
mnt->mnt_ns = new_ns;
new_ns->root = mnt;
list_add(&mnt->mnt_list, &new_ns->list);
} else {
mntput(m);
}