blob: a36254cbf7765aabf3e77c45e7cc82c3e3ff0fbb [file] [log] [blame]
/******************************************************************************
* emulate.c
*
* Generic x86 (32-bit and 64-bit) instruction decoder and emulator.
*
* Copyright (c) 2005 Keir Fraser
*
* Linux coding style, mod r/m decoder, segment base fixes, real-mode
* privileged instructions:
*
* Copyright (C) 2006 Qumranet
* Copyright 2010 Red Hat, Inc. and/or its affiliates.
*
* Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com>
* Yaniv Kamay <yaniv@qumranet.com>
*
* This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2. See
* the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
*
* From: xen-unstable 10676:af9809f51f81a3c43f276f00c81a52ef558afda4
*/
#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
#include "kvm_cache_regs.h"
#include <asm/kvm_emulate.h>
#include <linux/stringify.h>
#include <asm/debugreg.h>
#include "x86.h"
#include "tss.h"
#include "mmu.h"
/*
* Operand types
*/
#define OpNone 0ull
#define OpImplicit 1ull /* No generic decode */
#define OpReg 2ull /* Register */
#define OpMem 3ull /* Memory */
#define OpAcc 4ull /* Accumulator: AL/AX/EAX/RAX */
#define OpDI 5ull /* ES:DI/EDI/RDI */
#define OpMem64 6ull /* Memory, 64-bit */
#define OpImmUByte 7ull /* Zero-extended 8-bit immediate */
#define OpDX 8ull /* DX register */
#define OpCL 9ull /* CL register (for shifts) */
#define OpImmByte 10ull /* 8-bit sign extended immediate */
#define OpOne 11ull /* Implied 1 */
#define OpImm 12ull /* Sign extended up to 32-bit immediate */
#define OpMem16 13ull /* Memory operand (16-bit). */
#define OpMem32 14ull /* Memory operand (32-bit). */
#define OpImmU 15ull /* Immediate operand, zero extended */
#define OpSI 16ull /* SI/ESI/RSI */
#define OpImmFAddr 17ull /* Immediate far address */
#define OpMemFAddr 18ull /* Far address in memory */
#define OpImmU16 19ull /* Immediate operand, 16 bits, zero extended */
#define OpES 20ull /* ES */
#define OpCS 21ull /* CS */
#define OpSS 22ull /* SS */
#define OpDS 23ull /* DS */
#define OpFS 24ull /* FS */
#define OpGS 25ull /* GS */
#define OpMem8 26ull /* 8-bit zero extended memory operand */
#define OpImm64 27ull /* Sign extended 16/32/64-bit immediate */
#define OpXLat 28ull /* memory at BX/EBX/RBX + zero-extended AL */
#define OpAccLo 29ull /* Low part of extended acc (AX/AX/EAX/RAX) */
#define OpAccHi 30ull /* High part of extended acc (-/DX/EDX/RDX) */
#define OpBits 5 /* Width of operand field */
#define OpMask ((1ull << OpBits) - 1)
/*
* Opcode effective-address decode tables.
* Note that we only emulate instructions that have at least one memory
* operand (excluding implicit stack references). We assume that stack
* references and instruction fetches will never occur in special memory
* areas that require emulation. So, for example, 'mov <imm>,<reg>' need
* not be handled.
*/
/* Operand sizes: 8-bit operands or specified/overridden size. */
#define ByteOp (1<<0) /* 8-bit operands. */
/* Destination operand type. */
#define DstShift 1
#define ImplicitOps (OpImplicit << DstShift)
#define DstReg (OpReg << DstShift)
#define DstMem (OpMem << DstShift)
#define DstAcc (OpAcc << DstShift)
#define DstDI (OpDI << DstShift)
#define DstMem64 (OpMem64 << DstShift)
#define DstMem16 (OpMem16 << DstShift)
#define DstImmUByte (OpImmUByte << DstShift)
#define DstDX (OpDX << DstShift)
#define DstAccLo (OpAccLo << DstShift)
#define DstMask (OpMask << DstShift)
/* Source operand type. */
#define SrcShift 6
#define SrcNone (OpNone << SrcShift)
#define SrcReg (OpReg << SrcShift)
#define SrcMem (OpMem << SrcShift)
#define SrcMem16 (OpMem16 << SrcShift)
#define SrcMem32 (OpMem32 << SrcShift)
#define SrcImm (OpImm << SrcShift)
#define SrcImmByte (OpImmByte << SrcShift)
#define SrcOne (OpOne << SrcShift)
#define SrcImmUByte (OpImmUByte << SrcShift)
#define SrcImmU (OpImmU << SrcShift)
#define SrcSI (OpSI << SrcShift)
#define SrcXLat (OpXLat << SrcShift)
#define SrcImmFAddr (OpImmFAddr << SrcShift)
#define SrcMemFAddr (OpMemFAddr << SrcShift)
#define SrcAcc (OpAcc << SrcShift)
#define SrcImmU16 (OpImmU16 << SrcShift)
#define SrcImm64 (OpImm64 << SrcShift)
#define SrcDX (OpDX << SrcShift)
#define SrcMem8 (OpMem8 << SrcShift)
#define SrcAccHi (OpAccHi << SrcShift)
#define SrcMask (OpMask << SrcShift)
#define BitOp (1<<11)
#define MemAbs (1<<12) /* Memory operand is absolute displacement */
#define String (1<<13) /* String instruction (rep capable) */
#define Stack (1<<14) /* Stack instruction (push/pop) */
#define GroupMask (7<<15) /* Opcode uses one of the group mechanisms */
#define Group (1<<15) /* Bits 3:5 of modrm byte extend opcode */
#define GroupDual (2<<15) /* Alternate decoding of mod == 3 */
#define Prefix (3<<15) /* Instruction varies with 66/f2/f3 prefix */
#define RMExt (4<<15) /* Opcode extension in ModRM r/m if mod == 3 */
#define Escape (5<<15) /* Escape to coprocessor instruction */
#define InstrDual (6<<15) /* Alternate instruction decoding of mod == 3 */
#define ModeDual (7<<15) /* Different instruction for 32/64 bit */
#define Sse (1<<18) /* SSE Vector instruction */
/* Generic ModRM decode. */
#define ModRM (1<<19)
/* Destination is only written; never read. */
#define Mov (1<<20)
/* Misc flags */
#define Prot (1<<21) /* instruction generates #UD if not in prot-mode */
#define EmulateOnUD (1<<22) /* Emulate if unsupported by the host */
#define NoAccess (1<<23) /* Don't access memory (lea/invlpg/verr etc) */
#define Op3264 (1<<24) /* Operand is 64b in long mode, 32b otherwise */
#define Undefined (1<<25) /* No Such Instruction */
#define Lock (1<<26) /* lock prefix is allowed for the instruction */
#define Priv (1<<27) /* instruction generates #GP if current CPL != 0 */
#define No64 (1<<28)
#define PageTable (1 << 29) /* instruction used to write page table */
#define NotImpl (1 << 30) /* instruction is not implemented */
/* Source 2 operand type */
#define Src2Shift (31)
#define Src2None (OpNone << Src2Shift)
#define Src2Mem (OpMem << Src2Shift)
#define Src2CL (OpCL << Src2Shift)
#define Src2ImmByte (OpImmByte << Src2Shift)
#define Src2One (OpOne << Src2Shift)
#define Src2Imm (OpImm << Src2Shift)
#define Src2ES (OpES << Src2Shift)
#define Src2CS (OpCS << Src2Shift)
#define Src2SS (OpSS << Src2Shift)
#define Src2DS (OpDS << Src2Shift)
#define Src2FS (OpFS << Src2Shift)
#define Src2GS (OpGS << Src2Shift)
#define Src2Mask (OpMask << Src2Shift)
#define Mmx ((u64)1 << 40) /* MMX Vector instruction */
#define AlignMask ((u64)7 << 41)
#define Aligned ((u64)1 << 41) /* Explicitly aligned (e.g. MOVDQA) */
#define Unaligned ((u64)2 << 41) /* Explicitly unaligned (e.g. MOVDQU) */
#define Avx ((u64)3 << 41) /* Advanced Vector Extensions */
#define Aligned16 ((u64)4 << 41) /* Aligned to 16 byte boundary (e.g. FXSAVE) */
#define Fastop ((u64)1 << 44) /* Use opcode::u.fastop */
#define NoWrite ((u64)1 << 45) /* No writeback */
#define SrcWrite ((u64)1 << 46) /* Write back src operand */
#define NoMod ((u64)1 << 47) /* Mod field is ignored */
#define Intercept ((u64)1 << 48) /* Has valid intercept field */
#define CheckPerm ((u64)1 << 49) /* Has valid check_perm field */
#define PrivUD ((u64)1 << 51) /* #UD instead of #GP on CPL > 0 */
#define NearBranch ((u64)1 << 52) /* Near branches */
#define No16 ((u64)1 << 53) /* No 16 bit operand */
#define IncSP ((u64)1 << 54) /* SP is incremented before ModRM calc */
#define TwoMemOp ((u64)1 << 55) /* Instruction has two memory operand */
#define DstXacc (DstAccLo | SrcAccHi | SrcWrite)
#define X2(x...) x, x
#define X3(x...) X2(x), x
#define X4(x...) X2(x), X2(x)
#define X5(x...) X4(x), x
#define X6(x...) X4(x), X2(x)
#define X7(x...) X4(x), X3(x)
#define X8(x...) X4(x), X4(x)
#define X16(x...) X8(x), X8(x)
#define NR_FASTOP (ilog2(sizeof(ulong)) + 1)
#define FASTOP_SIZE 8
/*
* fastop functions have a special calling convention:
*
* dst: rax (in/out)
* src: rdx (in/out)
* src2: rcx (in)
* flags: rflags (in/out)
* ex: rsi (in:fastop pointer, out:zero if exception)
*
* Moreover, they are all exactly FASTOP_SIZE bytes long, so functions for
* different operand sizes can be reached by calculation, rather than a jump
* table (which would be bigger than the code).
*
* fastop functions are declared as taking a never-defined fastop parameter,
* so they can't be called from C directly.
*/
struct fastop;
struct opcode {
u64 flags : 56;
u64 intercept : 8;
union {
int (*execute)(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt);
const struct opcode *group;
const struct group_dual *gdual;
const struct gprefix *gprefix;
const struct escape *esc;
const struct instr_dual *idual;
const struct mode_dual *mdual;
void (*fastop)(struct fastop *fake);
} u;
int (*check_perm)(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt);
};
struct group_dual {
struct opcode mod012[8];
struct opcode mod3[8];
};
struct gprefix {
struct opcode pfx_no;
struct opcode pfx_66;
struct opcode pfx_f2;
struct opcode pfx_f3;
};
struct escape {
struct opcode op[8];
struct opcode high[64];
};
struct instr_dual {
struct opcode mod012;
struct opcode mod3;
};
struct mode_dual {
struct opcode mode32;
struct opcode mode64;
};
#define EFLG_RESERVED_ZEROS_MASK 0xffc0802a
enum x86_transfer_type {
X86_TRANSFER_NONE,
X86_TRANSFER_CALL_JMP,
X86_TRANSFER_RET,
X86_TRANSFER_TASK_SWITCH,
};
static ulong reg_read(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, unsigned nr)
{
if (!(ctxt->regs_valid & (1 << nr))) {
ctxt->regs_valid |= 1 << nr;
ctxt->_regs[nr] = ctxt->ops->read_gpr(ctxt, nr);
}
return ctxt->_regs[nr];
}
static ulong *reg_write(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, unsigned nr)
{
ctxt->regs_valid |= 1 << nr;
ctxt->regs_dirty |= 1 << nr;
return &ctxt->_regs[nr];
}
static ulong *reg_rmw(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, unsigned nr)
{
reg_read(ctxt, nr);
return reg_write(ctxt, nr);
}
static void writeback_registers(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
unsigned reg;
for_each_set_bit(reg, (ulong *)&ctxt->regs_dirty, 16)
ctxt->ops->write_gpr(ctxt, reg, ctxt->_regs[reg]);
}
static void invalidate_registers(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
ctxt->regs_dirty = 0;
ctxt->regs_valid = 0;
}
/*
* These EFLAGS bits are restored from saved value during emulation, and
* any changes are written back to the saved value after emulation.
*/
#define EFLAGS_MASK (X86_EFLAGS_OF|X86_EFLAGS_SF|X86_EFLAGS_ZF|X86_EFLAGS_AF|\
X86_EFLAGS_PF|X86_EFLAGS_CF)
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
#define ON64(x) x
#else
#define ON64(x)
#endif
static int fastop(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, void (*fop)(struct fastop *));
#define FOP_FUNC(name) \
".align " __stringify(FASTOP_SIZE) " \n\t" \
".type " name ", @function \n\t" \
name ":\n\t"
#define FOP_RET "ret \n\t"
#define FOP_START(op) \
extern void em_##op(struct fastop *fake); \
asm(".pushsection .text, \"ax\" \n\t" \
".global em_" #op " \n\t" \
FOP_FUNC("em_" #op)
#define FOP_END \
".popsection")
#define FOPNOP() \
FOP_FUNC(__stringify(__UNIQUE_ID(nop))) \
FOP_RET
#define FOP1E(op, dst) \
FOP_FUNC(#op "_" #dst) \
"10: " #op " %" #dst " \n\t" FOP_RET
#define FOP1EEX(op, dst) \
FOP1E(op, dst) _ASM_EXTABLE(10b, kvm_fastop_exception)
#define FASTOP1(op) \
FOP_START(op) \
FOP1E(op##b, al) \
FOP1E(op##w, ax) \
FOP1E(op##l, eax) \
ON64(FOP1E(op##q, rax)) \
FOP_END
/* 1-operand, using src2 (for MUL/DIV r/m) */
#define FASTOP1SRC2(op, name) \
FOP_START(name) \
FOP1E(op, cl) \
FOP1E(op, cx) \
FOP1E(op, ecx) \
ON64(FOP1E(op, rcx)) \
FOP_END
/* 1-operand, using src2 (for MUL/DIV r/m), with exceptions */
#define FASTOP1SRC2EX(op, name) \
FOP_START(name) \
FOP1EEX(op, cl) \
FOP1EEX(op, cx) \
FOP1EEX(op, ecx) \
ON64(FOP1EEX(op, rcx)) \
FOP_END
#define FOP2E(op, dst, src) \
FOP_FUNC(#op "_" #dst "_" #src) \
#op " %" #src ", %" #dst " \n\t" FOP_RET
#define FASTOP2(op) \
FOP_START(op) \
FOP2E(op##b, al, dl) \
FOP2E(op##w, ax, dx) \
FOP2E(op##l, eax, edx) \
ON64(FOP2E(op##q, rax, rdx)) \
FOP_END
/* 2 operand, word only */
#define FASTOP2W(op) \
FOP_START(op) \
FOPNOP() \
FOP2E(op##w, ax, dx) \
FOP2E(op##l, eax, edx) \
ON64(FOP2E(op##q, rax, rdx)) \
FOP_END
/* 2 operand, src is CL */
#define FASTOP2CL(op) \
FOP_START(op) \
FOP2E(op##b, al, cl) \
FOP2E(op##w, ax, cl) \
FOP2E(op##l, eax, cl) \
ON64(FOP2E(op##q, rax, cl)) \
FOP_END
/* 2 operand, src and dest are reversed */
#define FASTOP2R(op, name) \
FOP_START(name) \
FOP2E(op##b, dl, al) \
FOP2E(op##w, dx, ax) \
FOP2E(op##l, edx, eax) \
ON64(FOP2E(op##q, rdx, rax)) \
FOP_END
#define FOP3E(op, dst, src, src2) \
FOP_FUNC(#op "_" #dst "_" #src "_" #src2) \
#op " %" #src2 ", %" #src ", %" #dst " \n\t" FOP_RET
/* 3-operand, word-only, src2=cl */
#define FASTOP3WCL(op) \
FOP_START(op) \
FOPNOP() \
FOP3E(op##w, ax, dx, cl) \
FOP3E(op##l, eax, edx, cl) \
ON64(FOP3E(op##q, rax, rdx, cl)) \
FOP_END
/* Special case for SETcc - 1 instruction per cc */
#define FOP_SETCC(op) \
".align 4 \n\t" \
".type " #op ", @function \n\t" \
#op ": \n\t" \
#op " %al \n\t" \
FOP_RET
asm(".global kvm_fastop_exception \n"
"kvm_fastop_exception: xor %esi, %esi; ret");
FOP_START(setcc)
FOP_SETCC(seto)
FOP_SETCC(setno)
FOP_SETCC(setc)
FOP_SETCC(setnc)
FOP_SETCC(setz)
FOP_SETCC(setnz)
FOP_SETCC(setbe)
FOP_SETCC(setnbe)
FOP_SETCC(sets)
FOP_SETCC(setns)
FOP_SETCC(setp)
FOP_SETCC(setnp)
FOP_SETCC(setl)
FOP_SETCC(setnl)
FOP_SETCC(setle)
FOP_SETCC(setnle)
FOP_END;
FOP_START(salc) "pushf; sbb %al, %al; popf \n\t" FOP_RET
FOP_END;
/*
* XXX: inoutclob user must know where the argument is being expanded.
* Relying on CC_HAVE_ASM_GOTO would allow us to remove _fault.
*/
#define asm_safe(insn, inoutclob...) \
({ \
int _fault = 0; \
\
asm volatile("1:" insn "\n" \
"2:\n" \
".pushsection .fixup, \"ax\"\n" \
"3: movl $1, %[_fault]\n" \
" jmp 2b\n" \
".popsection\n" \
_ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 3b) \
: [_fault] "+qm"(_fault) inoutclob ); \
\
_fault ? X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE : X86EMUL_CONTINUE; \
})
static int emulator_check_intercept(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
enum x86_intercept intercept,
enum x86_intercept_stage stage)
{
struct x86_instruction_info info = {
.intercept = intercept,
.rep_prefix = ctxt->rep_prefix,
.modrm_mod = ctxt->modrm_mod,
.modrm_reg = ctxt->modrm_reg,
.modrm_rm = ctxt->modrm_rm,
.src_val = ctxt->src.val64,
.dst_val = ctxt->dst.val64,
.src_bytes = ctxt->src.bytes,
.dst_bytes = ctxt->dst.bytes,
.ad_bytes = ctxt->ad_bytes,
.next_rip = ctxt->eip,
};
return ctxt->ops->intercept(ctxt, &info, stage);
}
static void assign_masked(ulong *dest, ulong src, ulong mask)
{
*dest = (*dest & ~mask) | (src & mask);
}
static void assign_register(unsigned long *reg, u64 val, int bytes)
{
/* The 4-byte case *is* correct: in 64-bit mode we zero-extend. */
switch (bytes) {
case 1:
*(u8 *)reg = (u8)val;
break;
case 2:
*(u16 *)reg = (u16)val;
break;
case 4:
*reg = (u32)val;
break; /* 64b: zero-extend */
case 8:
*reg = val;
break;
}
}
static inline unsigned long ad_mask(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
return (1UL << (ctxt->ad_bytes << 3)) - 1;
}
static ulong stack_mask(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
u16 sel;
struct desc_struct ss;
if (ctxt->mode == X86EMUL_MODE_PROT64)
return ~0UL;
ctxt->ops->get_segment(ctxt, &sel, &ss, NULL, VCPU_SREG_SS);
return ~0U >> ((ss.d ^ 1) * 16); /* d=0: 0xffff; d=1: 0xffffffff */
}
static int stack_size(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
return (__fls(stack_mask(ctxt)) + 1) >> 3;
}
/* Access/update address held in a register, based on addressing mode. */
static inline unsigned long
address_mask(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, unsigned long reg)
{
if (ctxt->ad_bytes == sizeof(unsigned long))
return reg;
else
return reg & ad_mask(ctxt);
}
static inline unsigned long
register_address(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int reg)
{
return address_mask(ctxt, reg_read(ctxt, reg));
}
static void masked_increment(ulong *reg, ulong mask, int inc)
{
assign_masked(reg, *reg + inc, mask);
}
static inline void
register_address_increment(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int reg, int inc)
{
ulong *preg = reg_rmw(ctxt, reg);
assign_register(preg, *preg + inc, ctxt->ad_bytes);
}
static void rsp_increment(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int inc)
{
masked_increment(reg_rmw(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RSP), stack_mask(ctxt), inc);
}
static u32 desc_limit_scaled(struct desc_struct *desc)
{
u32 limit = get_desc_limit(desc);
return desc->g ? (limit << 12) | 0xfff : limit;
}
static unsigned long seg_base(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int seg)
{
if (ctxt->mode == X86EMUL_MODE_PROT64 && seg < VCPU_SREG_FS)
return 0;
return ctxt->ops->get_cached_segment_base(ctxt, seg);
}
static int emulate_exception(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int vec,
u32 error, bool valid)
{
WARN_ON(vec > 0x1f);
ctxt->exception.vector = vec;
ctxt->exception.error_code = error;
ctxt->exception.error_code_valid = valid;
return X86EMUL_PROPAGATE_FAULT;
}
static int emulate_db(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
return emulate_exception(ctxt, DB_VECTOR, 0, false);
}
static int emulate_gp(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int err)
{
return emulate_exception(ctxt, GP_VECTOR, err, true);
}
static int emulate_ss(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int err)
{
return emulate_exception(ctxt, SS_VECTOR, err, true);
}
static int emulate_ud(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
return emulate_exception(ctxt, UD_VECTOR, 0, false);
}
static int emulate_ts(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int err)
{
return emulate_exception(ctxt, TS_VECTOR, err, true);
}
static int emulate_de(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
return emulate_exception(ctxt, DE_VECTOR, 0, false);
}
static int emulate_nm(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
return emulate_exception(ctxt, NM_VECTOR, 0, false);
}
static u16 get_segment_selector(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, unsigned seg)
{
u16 selector;
struct desc_struct desc;
ctxt->ops->get_segment(ctxt, &selector, &desc, NULL, seg);
return selector;
}
static void set_segment_selector(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, u16 selector,
unsigned seg)
{
u16 dummy;
u32 base3;
struct desc_struct desc;
ctxt->ops->get_segment(ctxt, &dummy, &desc, &base3, seg);
ctxt->ops->set_segment(ctxt, selector, &desc, base3, seg);
}
/*
* x86 defines three classes of vector instructions: explicitly
* aligned, explicitly unaligned, and the rest, which change behaviour
* depending on whether they're AVX encoded or not.
*
* Also included is CMPXCHG16B which is not a vector instruction, yet it is
* subject to the same check. FXSAVE and FXRSTOR are checked here too as their
* 512 bytes of data must be aligned to a 16 byte boundary.
*/
static unsigned insn_alignment(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, unsigned size)
{
u64 alignment = ctxt->d & AlignMask;
if (likely(size < 16))
return 1;
switch (alignment) {
case Unaligned:
case Avx:
return 1;
case Aligned16:
return 16;
case Aligned:
default:
return size;
}
}
static __always_inline int __linearize(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
struct segmented_address addr,
unsigned *max_size, unsigned size,
bool write, bool fetch,
enum x86emul_mode mode, ulong *linear)
{
struct desc_struct desc;
bool usable;
ulong la;
u32 lim;
u16 sel;
u8 va_bits;
la = seg_base(ctxt, addr.seg) + addr.ea;
*max_size = 0;
switch (mode) {
case X86EMUL_MODE_PROT64:
*linear = la;
va_bits = ctxt_virt_addr_bits(ctxt);
if (get_canonical(la, va_bits) != la)
goto bad;
*max_size = min_t(u64, ~0u, (1ull << va_bits) - la);
if (size > *max_size)
goto bad;
break;
default:
*linear = la = (u32)la;
usable = ctxt->ops->get_segment(ctxt, &sel, &desc, NULL,
addr.seg);
if (!usable)
goto bad;
/* code segment in protected mode or read-only data segment */
if ((((ctxt->mode != X86EMUL_MODE_REAL) && (desc.type & 8))
|| !(desc.type & 2)) && write)
goto bad;
/* unreadable code segment */
if (!fetch && (desc.type & 8) && !(desc.type & 2))
goto bad;
lim = desc_limit_scaled(&desc);
if (!(desc.type & 8) && (desc.type & 4)) {
/* expand-down segment */
if (addr.ea <= lim)
goto bad;
lim = desc.d ? 0xffffffff : 0xffff;
}
if (addr.ea > lim)
goto bad;
if (lim == 0xffffffff)
*max_size = ~0u;
else {
*max_size = (u64)lim + 1 - addr.ea;
if (size > *max_size)
goto bad;
}
break;
}
if (la & (insn_alignment(ctxt, size) - 1))
return emulate_gp(ctxt, 0);
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
bad:
if (addr.seg == VCPU_SREG_SS)
return emulate_ss(ctxt, 0);
else
return emulate_gp(ctxt, 0);
}
static int linearize(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
struct segmented_address addr,
unsigned size, bool write,
ulong *linear)
{
unsigned max_size;
return __linearize(ctxt, addr, &max_size, size, write, false,
ctxt->mode, linear);
}
static inline int assign_eip(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, ulong dst,
enum x86emul_mode mode)
{
ulong linear;
int rc;
unsigned max_size;
struct segmented_address addr = { .seg = VCPU_SREG_CS,
.ea = dst };
if (ctxt->op_bytes != sizeof(unsigned long))
addr.ea = dst & ((1UL << (ctxt->op_bytes << 3)) - 1);
rc = __linearize(ctxt, addr, &max_size, 1, false, true, mode, &linear);
if (rc == X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
ctxt->_eip = addr.ea;
return rc;
}
static inline int assign_eip_near(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, ulong dst)
{
return assign_eip(ctxt, dst, ctxt->mode);
}
static int assign_eip_far(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, ulong dst,
const struct desc_struct *cs_desc)
{
enum x86emul_mode mode = ctxt->mode;
int rc;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
if (ctxt->mode >= X86EMUL_MODE_PROT16) {
if (cs_desc->l) {
u64 efer = 0;
ctxt->ops->get_msr(ctxt, MSR_EFER, &efer);
if (efer & EFER_LMA)
mode = X86EMUL_MODE_PROT64;
} else
mode = X86EMUL_MODE_PROT32; /* temporary value */
}
#endif
if (mode == X86EMUL_MODE_PROT16 || mode == X86EMUL_MODE_PROT32)
mode = cs_desc->d ? X86EMUL_MODE_PROT32 : X86EMUL_MODE_PROT16;
rc = assign_eip(ctxt, dst, mode);
if (rc == X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
ctxt->mode = mode;
return rc;
}
static inline int jmp_rel(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int rel)
{
return assign_eip_near(ctxt, ctxt->_eip + rel);
}
static int segmented_read_std(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
struct segmented_address addr,
void *data,
unsigned size)
{
int rc;
ulong linear;
rc = linearize(ctxt, addr, size, false, &linear);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
return ctxt->ops->read_std(ctxt, linear, data, size, &ctxt->exception);
}
static int segmented_write_std(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
struct segmented_address addr,
void *data,
unsigned int size)
{
int rc;
ulong linear;
rc = linearize(ctxt, addr, size, true, &linear);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
return ctxt->ops->write_std(ctxt, linear, data, size, &ctxt->exception);
}
/*
* Prefetch the remaining bytes of the instruction without crossing page
* boundary if they are not in fetch_cache yet.
*/
static int __do_insn_fetch_bytes(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int op_size)
{
int rc;
unsigned size, max_size;
unsigned long linear;
int cur_size = ctxt->fetch.end - ctxt->fetch.data;
struct segmented_address addr = { .seg = VCPU_SREG_CS,
.ea = ctxt->eip + cur_size };
/*
* We do not know exactly how many bytes will be needed, and
* __linearize is expensive, so fetch as much as possible. We
* just have to avoid going beyond the 15 byte limit, the end
* of the segment, or the end of the page.
*
* __linearize is called with size 0 so that it does not do any
* boundary check itself. Instead, we use max_size to check
* against op_size.
*/
rc = __linearize(ctxt, addr, &max_size, 0, false, true, ctxt->mode,
&linear);
if (unlikely(rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE))
return rc;
size = min_t(unsigned, 15UL ^ cur_size, max_size);
size = min_t(unsigned, size, PAGE_SIZE - offset_in_page(linear));
/*
* One instruction can only straddle two pages,
* and one has been loaded at the beginning of
* x86_decode_insn. So, if not enough bytes
* still, we must have hit the 15-byte boundary.
*/
if (unlikely(size < op_size))
return emulate_gp(ctxt, 0);
rc = ctxt->ops->fetch(ctxt, linear, ctxt->fetch.end,
size, &ctxt->exception);
if (unlikely(rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE))
return rc;
ctxt->fetch.end += size;
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static __always_inline int do_insn_fetch_bytes(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
unsigned size)
{
unsigned done_size = ctxt->fetch.end - ctxt->fetch.ptr;
if (unlikely(done_size < size))
return __do_insn_fetch_bytes(ctxt, size - done_size);
else
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
/* Fetch next part of the instruction being emulated. */
#define insn_fetch(_type, _ctxt) \
({ _type _x; \
\
rc = do_insn_fetch_bytes(_ctxt, sizeof(_type)); \
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE) \
goto done; \
ctxt->_eip += sizeof(_type); \
memcpy(&_x, ctxt->fetch.ptr, sizeof(_type)); \
ctxt->fetch.ptr += sizeof(_type); \
_x; \
})
#define insn_fetch_arr(_arr, _size, _ctxt) \
({ \
rc = do_insn_fetch_bytes(_ctxt, _size); \
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE) \
goto done; \
ctxt->_eip += (_size); \
memcpy(_arr, ctxt->fetch.ptr, _size); \
ctxt->fetch.ptr += (_size); \
})
/*
* Given the 'reg' portion of a ModRM byte, and a register block, return a
* pointer into the block that addresses the relevant register.
* @highbyte_regs specifies whether to decode AH,CH,DH,BH.
*/
static void *decode_register(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, u8 modrm_reg,
int byteop)
{
void *p;
int highbyte_regs = (ctxt->rex_prefix == 0) && byteop;
if (highbyte_regs && modrm_reg >= 4 && modrm_reg < 8)
p = (unsigned char *)reg_rmw(ctxt, modrm_reg & 3) + 1;
else
p = reg_rmw(ctxt, modrm_reg);
return p;
}
static int read_descriptor(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
struct segmented_address addr,
u16 *size, unsigned long *address, int op_bytes)
{
int rc;
if (op_bytes == 2)
op_bytes = 3;
*address = 0;
rc = segmented_read_std(ctxt, addr, size, 2);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
addr.ea += 2;
rc = segmented_read_std(ctxt, addr, address, op_bytes);
return rc;
}
FASTOP2(add);
FASTOP2(or);
FASTOP2(adc);
FASTOP2(sbb);
FASTOP2(and);
FASTOP2(sub);
FASTOP2(xor);
FASTOP2(cmp);
FASTOP2(test);
FASTOP1SRC2(mul, mul_ex);
FASTOP1SRC2(imul, imul_ex);
FASTOP1SRC2EX(div, div_ex);
FASTOP1SRC2EX(idiv, idiv_ex);
FASTOP3WCL(shld);
FASTOP3WCL(shrd);
FASTOP2W(imul);
FASTOP1(not);
FASTOP1(neg);
FASTOP1(inc);
FASTOP1(dec);
FASTOP2CL(rol);
FASTOP2CL(ror);
FASTOP2CL(rcl);
FASTOP2CL(rcr);
FASTOP2CL(shl);
FASTOP2CL(shr);
FASTOP2CL(sar);
FASTOP2W(bsf);
FASTOP2W(bsr);
FASTOP2W(bt);
FASTOP2W(bts);
FASTOP2W(btr);
FASTOP2W(btc);
FASTOP2(xadd);
FASTOP2R(cmp, cmp_r);
static int em_bsf_c(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
/* If src is zero, do not writeback, but update flags */
if (ctxt->src.val == 0)
ctxt->dst.type = OP_NONE;
return fastop(ctxt, em_bsf);
}
static int em_bsr_c(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
/* If src is zero, do not writeback, but update flags */
if (ctxt->src.val == 0)
ctxt->dst.type = OP_NONE;
return fastop(ctxt, em_bsr);
}
static __always_inline u8 test_cc(unsigned int condition, unsigned long flags)
{
u8 rc;
void (*fop)(void) = (void *)em_setcc + 4 * (condition & 0xf);
flags = (flags & EFLAGS_MASK) | X86_EFLAGS_IF;
asm("push %[flags]; popf; call *%[fastop]"
: "=a"(rc) : [fastop]"r"(fop), [flags]"r"(flags));
return rc;
}
static void fetch_register_operand(struct operand *op)
{
switch (op->bytes) {
case 1:
op->val = *(u8 *)op->addr.reg;
break;
case 2:
op->val = *(u16 *)op->addr.reg;
break;
case 4:
op->val = *(u32 *)op->addr.reg;
break;
case 8:
op->val = *(u64 *)op->addr.reg;
break;
}
}
static void read_sse_reg(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, sse128_t *data, int reg)
{
ctxt->ops->get_fpu(ctxt);
switch (reg) {
case 0: asm("movdqa %%xmm0, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 1: asm("movdqa %%xmm1, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 2: asm("movdqa %%xmm2, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 3: asm("movdqa %%xmm3, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 4: asm("movdqa %%xmm4, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 5: asm("movdqa %%xmm5, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 6: asm("movdqa %%xmm6, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 7: asm("movdqa %%xmm7, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
case 8: asm("movdqa %%xmm8, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 9: asm("movdqa %%xmm9, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 10: asm("movdqa %%xmm10, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 11: asm("movdqa %%xmm11, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 12: asm("movdqa %%xmm12, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 13: asm("movdqa %%xmm13, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 14: asm("movdqa %%xmm14, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 15: asm("movdqa %%xmm15, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
#endif
default: BUG();
}
ctxt->ops->put_fpu(ctxt);
}
static void write_sse_reg(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, sse128_t *data,
int reg)
{
ctxt->ops->get_fpu(ctxt);
switch (reg) {
case 0: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm0" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 1: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm1" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 2: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm2" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 3: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm3" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 4: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm4" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 5: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm5" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 6: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm6" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 7: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm7" : : "m"(*data)); break;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
case 8: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm8" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 9: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm9" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 10: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm10" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 11: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm11" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 12: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm12" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 13: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm13" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 14: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm14" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 15: asm("movdqa %0, %%xmm15" : : "m"(*data)); break;
#endif
default: BUG();
}
ctxt->ops->put_fpu(ctxt);
}
static void read_mmx_reg(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, u64 *data, int reg)
{
ctxt->ops->get_fpu(ctxt);
switch (reg) {
case 0: asm("movq %%mm0, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 1: asm("movq %%mm1, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 2: asm("movq %%mm2, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 3: asm("movq %%mm3, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 4: asm("movq %%mm4, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 5: asm("movq %%mm5, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 6: asm("movq %%mm6, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
case 7: asm("movq %%mm7, %0" : "=m"(*data)); break;
default: BUG();
}
ctxt->ops->put_fpu(ctxt);
}
static void write_mmx_reg(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, u64 *data, int reg)
{
ctxt->ops->get_fpu(ctxt);
switch (reg) {
case 0: asm("movq %0, %%mm0" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 1: asm("movq %0, %%mm1" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 2: asm("movq %0, %%mm2" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 3: asm("movq %0, %%mm3" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 4: asm("movq %0, %%mm4" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 5: asm("movq %0, %%mm5" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 6: asm("movq %0, %%mm6" : : "m"(*data)); break;
case 7: asm("movq %0, %%mm7" : : "m"(*data)); break;
default: BUG();
}
ctxt->ops->put_fpu(ctxt);
}
static int em_fninit(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
if (ctxt->ops->get_cr(ctxt, 0) & (X86_CR0_TS | X86_CR0_EM))
return emulate_nm(ctxt);
ctxt->ops->get_fpu(ctxt);
asm volatile("fninit");
ctxt->ops->put_fpu(ctxt);
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static int em_fnstcw(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
u16 fcw;
if (ctxt->ops->get_cr(ctxt, 0) & (X86_CR0_TS | X86_CR0_EM))
return emulate_nm(ctxt);
ctxt->ops->get_fpu(ctxt);
asm volatile("fnstcw %0": "+m"(fcw));
ctxt->ops->put_fpu(ctxt);
ctxt->dst.val = fcw;
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static int em_fnstsw(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
u16 fsw;
if (ctxt->ops->get_cr(ctxt, 0) & (X86_CR0_TS | X86_CR0_EM))
return emulate_nm(ctxt);
ctxt->ops->get_fpu(ctxt);
asm volatile("fnstsw %0": "+m"(fsw));
ctxt->ops->put_fpu(ctxt);
ctxt->dst.val = fsw;
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static void decode_register_operand(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
struct operand *op)
{
unsigned reg = ctxt->modrm_reg;
if (!(ctxt->d & ModRM))
reg = (ctxt->b & 7) | ((ctxt->rex_prefix & 1) << 3);
if (ctxt->d & Sse) {
op->type = OP_XMM;
op->bytes = 16;
op->addr.xmm = reg;
read_sse_reg(ctxt, &op->vec_val, reg);
return;
}
if (ctxt->d & Mmx) {
reg &= 7;
op->type = OP_MM;
op->bytes = 8;
op->addr.mm = reg;
return;
}
op->type = OP_REG;
op->bytes = (ctxt->d & ByteOp) ? 1 : ctxt->op_bytes;
op->addr.reg = decode_register(ctxt, reg, ctxt->d & ByteOp);
fetch_register_operand(op);
op->orig_val = op->val;
}
static void adjust_modrm_seg(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int base_reg)
{
if (base_reg == VCPU_REGS_RSP || base_reg == VCPU_REGS_RBP)
ctxt->modrm_seg = VCPU_SREG_SS;
}
static int decode_modrm(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
struct operand *op)
{
u8 sib;
int index_reg, base_reg, scale;
int rc = X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
ulong modrm_ea = 0;
ctxt->modrm_reg = ((ctxt->rex_prefix << 1) & 8); /* REX.R */
index_reg = (ctxt->rex_prefix << 2) & 8; /* REX.X */
base_reg = (ctxt->rex_prefix << 3) & 8; /* REX.B */
ctxt->modrm_mod = (ctxt->modrm & 0xc0) >> 6;
ctxt->modrm_reg |= (ctxt->modrm & 0x38) >> 3;
ctxt->modrm_rm = base_reg | (ctxt->modrm & 0x07);
ctxt->modrm_seg = VCPU_SREG_DS;
if (ctxt->modrm_mod == 3 || (ctxt->d & NoMod)) {
op->type = OP_REG;
op->bytes = (ctxt->d & ByteOp) ? 1 : ctxt->op_bytes;
op->addr.reg = decode_register(ctxt, ctxt->modrm_rm,
ctxt->d & ByteOp);
if (ctxt->d & Sse) {
op->type = OP_XMM;
op->bytes = 16;
op->addr.xmm = ctxt->modrm_rm;
read_sse_reg(ctxt, &op->vec_val, ctxt->modrm_rm);
return rc;
}
if (ctxt->d & Mmx) {
op->type = OP_MM;
op->bytes = 8;
op->addr.mm = ctxt->modrm_rm & 7;
return rc;
}
fetch_register_operand(op);
return rc;
}
op->type = OP_MEM;
if (ctxt->ad_bytes == 2) {
unsigned bx = reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RBX);
unsigned bp = reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RBP);
unsigned si = reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RSI);
unsigned di = reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RDI);
/* 16-bit ModR/M decode. */
switch (ctxt->modrm_mod) {
case 0:
if (ctxt->modrm_rm == 6)
modrm_ea += insn_fetch(u16, ctxt);
break;
case 1:
modrm_ea += insn_fetch(s8, ctxt);
break;
case 2:
modrm_ea += insn_fetch(u16, ctxt);
break;
}
switch (ctxt->modrm_rm) {
case 0:
modrm_ea += bx + si;
break;
case 1:
modrm_ea += bx + di;
break;
case 2:
modrm_ea += bp + si;
break;
case 3:
modrm_ea += bp + di;
break;
case 4:
modrm_ea += si;
break;
case 5:
modrm_ea += di;
break;
case 6:
if (ctxt->modrm_mod != 0)
modrm_ea += bp;
break;
case 7:
modrm_ea += bx;
break;
}
if (ctxt->modrm_rm == 2 || ctxt->modrm_rm == 3 ||
(ctxt->modrm_rm == 6 && ctxt->modrm_mod != 0))
ctxt->modrm_seg = VCPU_SREG_SS;
modrm_ea = (u16)modrm_ea;
} else {
/* 32/64-bit ModR/M decode. */
if ((ctxt->modrm_rm & 7) == 4) {
sib = insn_fetch(u8, ctxt);
index_reg |= (sib >> 3) & 7;
base_reg |= sib & 7;
scale = sib >> 6;
if ((base_reg & 7) == 5 && ctxt->modrm_mod == 0)
modrm_ea += insn_fetch(s32, ctxt);
else {
modrm_ea += reg_read(ctxt, base_reg);
adjust_modrm_seg(ctxt, base_reg);
/* Increment ESP on POP [ESP] */
if ((ctxt->d & IncSP) &&
base_reg == VCPU_REGS_RSP)
modrm_ea += ctxt->op_bytes;
}
if (index_reg != 4)
modrm_ea += reg_read(ctxt, index_reg) << scale;
} else if ((ctxt->modrm_rm & 7) == 5 && ctxt->modrm_mod == 0) {
modrm_ea += insn_fetch(s32, ctxt);
if (ctxt->mode == X86EMUL_MODE_PROT64)
ctxt->rip_relative = 1;
} else {
base_reg = ctxt->modrm_rm;
modrm_ea += reg_read(ctxt, base_reg);
adjust_modrm_seg(ctxt, base_reg);
}
switch (ctxt->modrm_mod) {
case 1:
modrm_ea += insn_fetch(s8, ctxt);
break;
case 2:
modrm_ea += insn_fetch(s32, ctxt);
break;
}
}
op->addr.mem.ea = modrm_ea;
if (ctxt->ad_bytes != 8)
ctxt->memop.addr.mem.ea = (u32)ctxt->memop.addr.mem.ea;
done:
return rc;
}
static int decode_abs(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
struct operand *op)
{
int rc = X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
op->type = OP_MEM;
switch (ctxt->ad_bytes) {
case 2:
op->addr.mem.ea = insn_fetch(u16, ctxt);
break;
case 4:
op->addr.mem.ea = insn_fetch(u32, ctxt);
break;
case 8:
op->addr.mem.ea = insn_fetch(u64, ctxt);
break;
}
done:
return rc;
}
static void fetch_bit_operand(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
long sv = 0, mask;
if (ctxt->dst.type == OP_MEM && ctxt->src.type == OP_REG) {
mask = ~((long)ctxt->dst.bytes * 8 - 1);
if (ctxt->src.bytes == 2)
sv = (s16)ctxt->src.val & (s16)mask;
else if (ctxt->src.bytes == 4)
sv = (s32)ctxt->src.val & (s32)mask;
else
sv = (s64)ctxt->src.val & (s64)mask;
ctxt->dst.addr.mem.ea = address_mask(ctxt,
ctxt->dst.addr.mem.ea + (sv >> 3));
}
/* only subword offset */
ctxt->src.val &= (ctxt->dst.bytes << 3) - 1;
}
static int read_emulated(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
unsigned long addr, void *dest, unsigned size)
{
int rc;
struct read_cache *mc = &ctxt->mem_read;
if (mc->pos < mc->end)
goto read_cached;
WARN_ON((mc->end + size) >= sizeof(mc->data));
rc = ctxt->ops->read_emulated(ctxt, addr, mc->data + mc->end, size,
&ctxt->exception);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
mc->end += size;
read_cached:
memcpy(dest, mc->data + mc->pos, size);
mc->pos += size;
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static int segmented_read(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
struct segmented_address addr,
void *data,
unsigned size)
{
int rc;
ulong linear;
rc = linearize(ctxt, addr, size, false, &linear);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
return read_emulated(ctxt, linear, data, size);
}
static int segmented_write(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
struct segmented_address addr,
const void *data,
unsigned size)
{
int rc;
ulong linear;
rc = linearize(ctxt, addr, size, true, &linear);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
return ctxt->ops->write_emulated(ctxt, linear, data, size,
&ctxt->exception);
}
static int segmented_cmpxchg(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
struct segmented_address addr,
const void *orig_data, const void *data,
unsigned size)
{
int rc;
ulong linear;
rc = linearize(ctxt, addr, size, true, &linear);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
return ctxt->ops->cmpxchg_emulated(ctxt, linear, orig_data, data,
size, &ctxt->exception);
}
static int pio_in_emulated(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
unsigned int size, unsigned short port,
void *dest)
{
struct read_cache *rc = &ctxt->io_read;
if (rc->pos == rc->end) { /* refill pio read ahead */
unsigned int in_page, n;
unsigned int count = ctxt->rep_prefix ?
address_mask(ctxt, reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RCX)) : 1;
in_page = (ctxt->eflags & X86_EFLAGS_DF) ?
offset_in_page(reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RDI)) :
PAGE_SIZE - offset_in_page(reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RDI));
n = min3(in_page, (unsigned int)sizeof(rc->data) / size, count);
if (n == 0)
n = 1;
rc->pos = rc->end = 0;
if (!ctxt->ops->pio_in_emulated(ctxt, size, port, rc->data, n))
return 0;
rc->end = n * size;
}
if (ctxt->rep_prefix && (ctxt->d & String) &&
!(ctxt->eflags & X86_EFLAGS_DF)) {
ctxt->dst.data = rc->data + rc->pos;
ctxt->dst.type = OP_MEM_STR;
ctxt->dst.count = (rc->end - rc->pos) / size;
rc->pos = rc->end;
} else {
memcpy(dest, rc->data + rc->pos, size);
rc->pos += size;
}
return 1;
}
static int read_interrupt_descriptor(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
u16 index, struct desc_struct *desc)
{
struct desc_ptr dt;
ulong addr;
ctxt->ops->get_idt(ctxt, &dt);
if (dt.size < index * 8 + 7)
return emulate_gp(ctxt, index << 3 | 0x2);
addr = dt.address + index * 8;
return ctxt->ops->read_std(ctxt, addr, desc, sizeof *desc,
&ctxt->exception);
}
static void get_descriptor_table_ptr(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
u16 selector, struct desc_ptr *dt)
{
const struct x86_emulate_ops *ops = ctxt->ops;
u32 base3 = 0;
if (selector & 1 << 2) {
struct desc_struct desc;
u16 sel;
memset (dt, 0, sizeof *dt);
if (!ops->get_segment(ctxt, &sel, &desc, &base3,
VCPU_SREG_LDTR))
return;
dt->size = desc_limit_scaled(&desc); /* what if limit > 65535? */
dt->address = get_desc_base(&desc) | ((u64)base3 << 32);
} else
ops->get_gdt(ctxt, dt);
}
static int get_descriptor_ptr(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
u16 selector, ulong *desc_addr_p)
{
struct desc_ptr dt;
u16 index = selector >> 3;
ulong addr;
get_descriptor_table_ptr(ctxt, selector, &dt);
if (dt.size < index * 8 + 7)
return emulate_gp(ctxt, selector & 0xfffc);
addr = dt.address + index * 8;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
if (addr >> 32 != 0) {
u64 efer = 0;
ctxt->ops->get_msr(ctxt, MSR_EFER, &efer);
if (!(efer & EFER_LMA))
addr &= (u32)-1;
}
#endif
*desc_addr_p = addr;
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
/* allowed just for 8 bytes segments */
static int read_segment_descriptor(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
u16 selector, struct desc_struct *desc,
ulong *desc_addr_p)
{
int rc;
rc = get_descriptor_ptr(ctxt, selector, desc_addr_p);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
return ctxt->ops->read_std(ctxt, *desc_addr_p, desc, sizeof(*desc),
&ctxt->exception);
}
/* allowed just for 8 bytes segments */
static int write_segment_descriptor(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
u16 selector, struct desc_struct *desc)
{
int rc;
ulong addr;
rc = get_descriptor_ptr(ctxt, selector, &addr);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
return ctxt->ops->write_std(ctxt, addr, desc, sizeof *desc,
&ctxt->exception);
}
static int __load_segment_descriptor(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
u16 selector, int seg, u8 cpl,
enum x86_transfer_type transfer,
struct desc_struct *desc)
{
struct desc_struct seg_desc, old_desc;
u8 dpl, rpl;
unsigned err_vec = GP_VECTOR;
u32 err_code = 0;
bool null_selector = !(selector & ~0x3); /* 0000-0003 are null */
ulong desc_addr;
int ret;
u16 dummy;
u32 base3 = 0;
memset(&seg_desc, 0, sizeof seg_desc);
if (ctxt->mode == X86EMUL_MODE_REAL) {
/* set real mode segment descriptor (keep limit etc. for
* unreal mode) */
ctxt->ops->get_segment(ctxt, &dummy, &seg_desc, NULL, seg);
set_desc_base(&seg_desc, selector << 4);
goto load;
} else if (seg <= VCPU_SREG_GS && ctxt->mode == X86EMUL_MODE_VM86) {
/* VM86 needs a clean new segment descriptor */
set_desc_base(&seg_desc, selector << 4);
set_desc_limit(&seg_desc, 0xffff);
seg_desc.type = 3;
seg_desc.p = 1;
seg_desc.s = 1;
seg_desc.dpl = 3;
goto load;
}
rpl = selector & 3;
/* TR should be in GDT only */
if (seg == VCPU_SREG_TR && (selector & (1 << 2)))
goto exception;
/* NULL selector is not valid for TR, CS and (except for long mode) SS */
if (null_selector) {
if (seg == VCPU_SREG_CS || seg == VCPU_SREG_TR)
goto exception;
if (seg == VCPU_SREG_SS) {
if (ctxt->mode != X86EMUL_MODE_PROT64 || rpl != cpl)
goto exception;
/*
* ctxt->ops->set_segment expects the CPL to be in
* SS.DPL, so fake an expand-up 32-bit data segment.
*/
seg_desc.type = 3;
seg_desc.p = 1;
seg_desc.s = 1;
seg_desc.dpl = cpl;
seg_desc.d = 1;
seg_desc.g = 1;
}
/* Skip all following checks */
goto load;
}
ret = read_segment_descriptor(ctxt, selector, &seg_desc, &desc_addr);
if (ret != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return ret;
err_code = selector & 0xfffc;
err_vec = (transfer == X86_TRANSFER_TASK_SWITCH) ? TS_VECTOR :
GP_VECTOR;
/* can't load system descriptor into segment selector */
if (seg <= VCPU_SREG_GS && !seg_desc.s) {
if (transfer == X86_TRANSFER_CALL_JMP)
return X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE;
goto exception;
}
if (!seg_desc.p) {
err_vec = (seg == VCPU_SREG_SS) ? SS_VECTOR : NP_VECTOR;
goto exception;
}
dpl = seg_desc.dpl;
switch (seg) {
case VCPU_SREG_SS:
/*
* segment is not a writable data segment or segment
* selector's RPL != CPL or segment selector's RPL != CPL
*/
if (rpl != cpl || (seg_desc.type & 0xa) != 0x2 || dpl != cpl)
goto exception;
break;
case VCPU_SREG_CS:
if (!(seg_desc.type & 8))
goto exception;
if (seg_desc.type & 4) {
/* conforming */
if (dpl > cpl)
goto exception;
} else {
/* nonconforming */
if (rpl > cpl || dpl != cpl)
goto exception;
}
/* in long-mode d/b must be clear if l is set */
if (seg_desc.d && seg_desc.l) {
u64 efer = 0;
ctxt->ops->get_msr(ctxt, MSR_EFER, &efer);
if (efer & EFER_LMA)
goto exception;
}
/* CS(RPL) <- CPL */
selector = (selector & 0xfffc) | cpl;
break;
case VCPU_SREG_TR:
if (seg_desc.s || (seg_desc.type != 1 && seg_desc.type != 9))
goto exception;
old_desc = seg_desc;
seg_desc.type |= 2; /* busy */
ret = ctxt->ops->cmpxchg_emulated(ctxt, desc_addr, &old_desc, &seg_desc,
sizeof(seg_desc), &ctxt->exception);
if (ret != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return ret;
break;
case VCPU_SREG_LDTR:
if (seg_desc.s || seg_desc.type != 2)
goto exception;
break;
default: /* DS, ES, FS, or GS */
/*
* segment is not a data or readable code segment or
* ((segment is a data or nonconforming code segment)
* and (both RPL and CPL > DPL))
*/
if ((seg_desc.type & 0xa) == 0x8 ||
(((seg_desc.type & 0xc) != 0xc) &&
(rpl > dpl && cpl > dpl)))
goto exception;
break;
}
if (seg_desc.s) {
/* mark segment as accessed */
if (!(seg_desc.type & 1)) {
seg_desc.type |= 1;
ret = write_segment_descriptor(ctxt, selector,
&seg_desc);
if (ret != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return ret;
}
} else if (ctxt->mode == X86EMUL_MODE_PROT64) {
ret = ctxt->ops->read_std(ctxt, desc_addr+8, &base3,
sizeof(base3), &ctxt->exception);
if (ret != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return ret;
if (emul_is_noncanonical_address(get_desc_base(&seg_desc) |
((u64)base3 << 32), ctxt))
return emulate_gp(ctxt, 0);
}
load:
ctxt->ops->set_segment(ctxt, selector, &seg_desc, base3, seg);
if (desc)
*desc = seg_desc;
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
exception:
return emulate_exception(ctxt, err_vec, err_code, true);
}
static int load_segment_descriptor(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
u16 selector, int seg)
{
u8 cpl = ctxt->ops->cpl(ctxt);
/*
* None of MOV, POP and LSS can load a NULL selector in CPL=3, but
* they can load it at CPL<3 (Intel's manual says only LSS can,
* but it's wrong).
*
* However, the Intel manual says that putting IST=1/DPL=3 in
* an interrupt gate will result in SS=3 (the AMD manual instead
* says it doesn't), so allow SS=3 in __load_segment_descriptor
* and only forbid it here.
*/
if (seg == VCPU_SREG_SS && selector == 3 &&
ctxt->mode == X86EMUL_MODE_PROT64)
return emulate_exception(ctxt, GP_VECTOR, 0, true);
return __load_segment_descriptor(ctxt, selector, seg, cpl,
X86_TRANSFER_NONE, NULL);
}
static void write_register_operand(struct operand *op)
{
return assign_register(op->addr.reg, op->val, op->bytes);
}
static int writeback(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, struct operand *op)
{
switch (op->type) {
case OP_REG:
write_register_operand(op);
break;
case OP_MEM:
if (ctxt->lock_prefix)
return segmented_cmpxchg(ctxt,
op->addr.mem,
&op->orig_val,
&op->val,
op->bytes);
else
return segmented_write(ctxt,
op->addr.mem,
&op->val,
op->bytes);
break;
case OP_MEM_STR:
return segmented_write(ctxt,
op->addr.mem,
op->data,
op->bytes * op->count);
break;
case OP_XMM:
write_sse_reg(ctxt, &op->vec_val, op->addr.xmm);
break;
case OP_MM:
write_mmx_reg(ctxt, &op->mm_val, op->addr.mm);
break;
case OP_NONE:
/* no writeback */
break;
default:
break;
}
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static int push(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, void *data, int bytes)
{
struct segmented_address addr;
rsp_increment(ctxt, -bytes);
addr.ea = reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RSP) & stack_mask(ctxt);
addr.seg = VCPU_SREG_SS;
return segmented_write(ctxt, addr, data, bytes);
}
static int em_push(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
/* Disable writeback. */
ctxt->dst.type = OP_NONE;
return push(ctxt, &ctxt->src.val, ctxt->op_bytes);
}
static int emulate_pop(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
void *dest, int len)
{
int rc;
struct segmented_address addr;
addr.ea = reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RSP) & stack_mask(ctxt);
addr.seg = VCPU_SREG_SS;
rc = segmented_read(ctxt, addr, dest, len);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
rsp_increment(ctxt, len);
return rc;
}
static int em_pop(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
return emulate_pop(ctxt, &ctxt->dst.val, ctxt->op_bytes);
}
static int emulate_popf(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
void *dest, int len)
{
int rc;
unsigned long val, change_mask;
int iopl = (ctxt->eflags & X86_EFLAGS_IOPL) >> X86_EFLAGS_IOPL_BIT;
int cpl = ctxt->ops->cpl(ctxt);
rc = emulate_pop(ctxt, &val, len);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
change_mask = X86_EFLAGS_CF | X86_EFLAGS_PF | X86_EFLAGS_AF |
X86_EFLAGS_ZF | X86_EFLAGS_SF | X86_EFLAGS_OF |
X86_EFLAGS_TF | X86_EFLAGS_DF | X86_EFLAGS_NT |
X86_EFLAGS_AC | X86_EFLAGS_ID;
switch(ctxt->mode) {
case X86EMUL_MODE_PROT64:
case X86EMUL_MODE_PROT32:
case X86EMUL_MODE_PROT16:
if (cpl == 0)
change_mask |= X86_EFLAGS_IOPL;
if (cpl <= iopl)
change_mask |= X86_EFLAGS_IF;
break;
case X86EMUL_MODE_VM86:
if (iopl < 3)
return emulate_gp(ctxt, 0);
change_mask |= X86_EFLAGS_IF;
break;
default: /* real mode */
change_mask |= (X86_EFLAGS_IOPL | X86_EFLAGS_IF);
break;
}
*(unsigned long *)dest =
(ctxt->eflags & ~change_mask) | (val & change_mask);
return rc;
}
static int em_popf(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
ctxt->dst.type = OP_REG;
ctxt->dst.addr.reg = &ctxt->eflags;
ctxt->dst.bytes = ctxt->op_bytes;
return emulate_popf(ctxt, &ctxt->dst.val, ctxt->op_bytes);
}
static int em_enter(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
int rc;
unsigned frame_size = ctxt->src.val;
unsigned nesting_level = ctxt->src2.val & 31;
ulong rbp;
if (nesting_level)
return X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE;
rbp = reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RBP);
rc = push(ctxt, &rbp, stack_size(ctxt));
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
assign_masked(reg_rmw(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RBP), reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RSP),
stack_mask(ctxt));
assign_masked(reg_rmw(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RSP),
reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RSP) - frame_size,
stack_mask(ctxt));
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static int em_leave(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
assign_masked(reg_rmw(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RSP), reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RBP),
stack_mask(ctxt));
return emulate_pop(ctxt, reg_rmw(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RBP), ctxt->op_bytes);
}
static int em_push_sreg(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
int seg = ctxt->src2.val;
ctxt->src.val = get_segment_selector(ctxt, seg);
if (ctxt->op_bytes == 4) {
rsp_increment(ctxt, -2);
ctxt->op_bytes = 2;
}
return em_push(ctxt);
}
static int em_pop_sreg(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
int seg = ctxt->src2.val;
unsigned long selector;
int rc;
rc = emulate_pop(ctxt, &selector, 2);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
if (ctxt->modrm_reg == VCPU_SREG_SS)
ctxt->interruptibility = KVM_X86_SHADOW_INT_MOV_SS;
if (ctxt->op_bytes > 2)
rsp_increment(ctxt, ctxt->op_bytes - 2);
rc = load_segment_descriptor(ctxt, (u16)selector, seg);
return rc;
}
static int em_pusha(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
unsigned long old_esp = reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RSP);
int rc = X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
int reg = VCPU_REGS_RAX;
while (reg <= VCPU_REGS_RDI) {
(reg == VCPU_REGS_RSP) ?
(ctxt->src.val = old_esp) : (ctxt->src.val = reg_read(ctxt, reg));
rc = em_push(ctxt);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
++reg;
}
return rc;
}
static int em_pushf(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
ctxt->src.val = (unsigned long)ctxt->eflags & ~X86_EFLAGS_VM;
return em_push(ctxt);
}
static int em_popa(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
int rc = X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
int reg = VCPU_REGS_RDI;
u32 val;
while (reg >= VCPU_REGS_RAX) {
if (reg == VCPU_REGS_RSP) {
rsp_increment(ctxt, ctxt->op_bytes);
--reg;
}
rc = emulate_pop(ctxt, &val, ctxt->op_bytes);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
break;
assign_register(reg_rmw(ctxt, reg), val, ctxt->op_bytes);
--reg;
}
return rc;
}
static int __emulate_int_real(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int irq)
{
const struct x86_emulate_ops *ops = ctxt->ops;
int rc;
struct desc_ptr dt;
gva_t cs_addr;
gva_t eip_addr;
u16 cs, eip;
/* TODO: Add limit checks */
ctxt->src.val = ctxt->eflags;
rc = em_push(ctxt);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
ctxt->eflags &= ~(X86_EFLAGS_IF | X86_EFLAGS_TF | X86_EFLAGS_AC);
ctxt->src.val = get_segment_selector(ctxt, VCPU_SREG_CS);
rc = em_push(ctxt);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
ctxt->src.val = ctxt->_eip;
rc = em_push(ctxt);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
ops->get_idt(ctxt, &dt);
eip_addr = dt.address + (irq << 2);
cs_addr = dt.address + (irq << 2) + 2;
rc = ops->read_std(ctxt, cs_addr, &cs, 2, &ctxt->exception);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
rc = ops->read_std(ctxt, eip_addr, &eip, 2, &ctxt->exception);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
rc = load_segment_descriptor(ctxt, cs, VCPU_SREG_CS);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
ctxt->_eip = eip;
return rc;
}
int emulate_int_real(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int irq)
{
int rc;
invalidate_registers(ctxt);
rc = __emulate_int_real(ctxt, irq);
if (rc == X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
writeback_registers(ctxt);
return rc;
}
static int emulate_int(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int irq)
{
switch(ctxt->mode) {
case X86EMUL_MODE_REAL:
return __emulate_int_real(ctxt, irq);
case X86EMUL_MODE_VM86:
case X86EMUL_MODE_PROT16:
case X86EMUL_MODE_PROT32:
case X86EMUL_MODE_PROT64:
default:
/* Protected mode interrupts unimplemented yet */
return X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE;
}
}
static int emulate_iret_real(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
int rc = X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
unsigned long temp_eip = 0;
unsigned long temp_eflags = 0;
unsigned long cs = 0;
unsigned long mask = X86_EFLAGS_CF | X86_EFLAGS_PF | X86_EFLAGS_AF |
X86_EFLAGS_ZF | X86_EFLAGS_SF | X86_EFLAGS_TF |
X86_EFLAGS_IF | X86_EFLAGS_DF | X86_EFLAGS_OF |
X86_EFLAGS_IOPL | X86_EFLAGS_NT | X86_EFLAGS_RF |
X86_EFLAGS_AC | X86_EFLAGS_ID |
X86_EFLAGS_FIXED;
unsigned long vm86_mask = X86_EFLAGS_VM | X86_EFLAGS_VIF |
X86_EFLAGS_VIP;
/* TODO: Add stack limit check */
rc = emulate_pop(ctxt, &temp_eip, ctxt->op_bytes);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
if (temp_eip & ~0xffff)
return emulate_gp(ctxt, 0);
rc = emulate_pop(ctxt, &cs, ctxt->op_bytes);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
rc = emulate_pop(ctxt, &temp_eflags, ctxt->op_bytes);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
rc = load_segment_descriptor(ctxt, (u16)cs, VCPU_SREG_CS);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
ctxt->_eip = temp_eip;
if (ctxt->op_bytes == 4)
ctxt->eflags = ((temp_eflags & mask) | (ctxt->eflags & vm86_mask));
else if (ctxt->op_bytes == 2) {
ctxt->eflags &= ~0xffff;
ctxt->eflags |= temp_eflags;
}
ctxt->eflags &= ~EFLG_RESERVED_ZEROS_MASK; /* Clear reserved zeros */
ctxt->eflags |= X86_EFLAGS_FIXED;
ctxt->ops->set_nmi_mask(ctxt, false);
return rc;
}
static int em_iret(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
switch(ctxt->mode) {
case X86EMUL_MODE_REAL:
return emulate_iret_real(ctxt);
case X86EMUL_MODE_VM86:
case X86EMUL_MODE_PROT16:
case X86EMUL_MODE_PROT32:
case X86EMUL_MODE_PROT64:
default:
/* iret from protected mode unimplemented yet */
return X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE;
}
}
static int em_jmp_far(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
int rc;
unsigned short sel;
struct desc_struct new_desc;
u8 cpl = ctxt->ops->cpl(ctxt);
memcpy(&sel, ctxt->src.valptr + ctxt->op_bytes, 2);
rc = __load_segment_descriptor(ctxt, sel, VCPU_SREG_CS, cpl,
X86_TRANSFER_CALL_JMP,
&new_desc);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
rc = assign_eip_far(ctxt, ctxt->src.val, &new_desc);
/* Error handling is not implemented. */
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE;
return rc;
}
static int em_jmp_abs(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
return assign_eip_near(ctxt, ctxt->src.val);
}
static int em_call_near_abs(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
int rc;
long int old_eip;
old_eip = ctxt->_eip;
rc = assign_eip_near(ctxt, ctxt->src.val);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
ctxt->src.val = old_eip;
rc = em_push(ctxt);
return rc;
}
static int em_cmpxchg8b(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
u64 old = ctxt->dst.orig_val64;
if (ctxt->dst.bytes == 16)
return X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE;
if (((u32) (old >> 0) != (u32) reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RAX)) ||
((u32) (old >> 32) != (u32) reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RDX))) {
*reg_write(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RAX) = (u32) (old >> 0);
*reg_write(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RDX) = (u32) (old >> 32);
ctxt->eflags &= ~X86_EFLAGS_ZF;
} else {
ctxt->dst.val64 = ((u64)reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RCX) << 32) |
(u32) reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RBX);
ctxt->eflags |= X86_EFLAGS_ZF;
}
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static int em_ret(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
int rc;
unsigned long eip;
rc = emulate_pop(ctxt, &eip, ctxt->op_bytes);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
return assign_eip_near(ctxt, eip);
}
static int em_ret_far(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
int rc;
unsigned long eip, cs;
int cpl = ctxt->ops->cpl(ctxt);
struct desc_struct new_desc;
rc = emulate_pop(ctxt, &eip, ctxt->op_bytes);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
rc = emulate_pop(ctxt, &cs, ctxt->op_bytes);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
/* Outer-privilege level return is not implemented */
if (ctxt->mode >= X86EMUL_MODE_PROT16 && (cs & 3) > cpl)
return X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE;
rc = __load_segment_descriptor(ctxt, (u16)cs, VCPU_SREG_CS, cpl,
X86_TRANSFER_RET,
&new_desc);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
rc = assign_eip_far(ctxt, eip, &new_desc);
/* Error handling is not implemented. */
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE;
return rc;
}
static int em_ret_far_imm(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
int rc;
rc = em_ret_far(ctxt);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
rsp_increment(ctxt, ctxt->src.val);
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static int em_cmpxchg(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
/* Save real source value, then compare EAX against destination. */
ctxt->dst.orig_val = ctxt->dst.val;
ctxt->dst.val = reg_read(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RAX);
ctxt->src.orig_val = ctxt->src.val;
ctxt->src.val = ctxt->dst.orig_val;
fastop(ctxt, em_cmp);
if (ctxt->eflags & X86_EFLAGS_ZF) {
/* Success: write back to memory; no update of EAX */
ctxt->src.type = OP_NONE;
ctxt->dst.val = ctxt->src.orig_val;
} else {
/* Failure: write the value we saw to EAX. */
ctxt->src.type = OP_REG;
ctxt->src.addr.reg = reg_rmw(ctxt, VCPU_REGS_RAX);
ctxt->src.val = ctxt->dst.orig_val;
/* Create write-cycle to dest by writing the same value */
ctxt->dst.val = ctxt->dst.orig_val;
}
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static int em_lseg(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
int seg = ctxt->src2.val;
unsigned short sel;
int rc;
memcpy(&sel, ctxt->src.valptr + ctxt->op_bytes, 2);
rc = load_segment_descriptor(ctxt, sel, seg);
if (rc != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return rc;
ctxt->dst.val = ctxt->src.val;
return rc;
}
static int emulator_has_longmode(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
{
u32 eax, ebx, ecx, edx;
eax = 0x80000001;
ecx = 0;
ctxt->ops->get_cpuid(ctxt, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx, false);
return edx & bit(X86_FEATURE_LM);
}
#define GET_SMSTATE(type, smbase, offset) \
({ \
type __val; \
int r = ctxt->ops->read_phys(ctxt, smbase + offset, &__val, \
sizeof(__val)); \
if (r != X86EMUL_CONTINUE) \
return X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE; \
__val; \
})
static void rsm_set_desc_flags(struct desc_struct *desc, u32 flags)
{
desc->g = (flags >> 23) & 1;
desc->d = (flags >> 22) & 1;
desc->l = (flags >> 21) & 1;
desc->avl = (flags >> 20) & 1;
desc->p = (flags >> 15) & 1;
desc->dpl = (flags >> 13) & 3;
desc->s = (flags >> 12) & 1;
desc->type = (flags >> 8) & 15;
}
static int rsm_load_seg_32(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, u64 smbase, int n)
{
struct desc_struct desc;
int offset;
u16 selector;
selector = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7fa8 + n * 4);
if (n < 3)
offset = 0x7f84 + n * 12;
else
offset = 0x7f2c + (n - 3) * 12;
set_desc_base(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, offset + 8));
set_desc_limit(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, offset + 4));
rsm_set_desc_flags(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, offset));
ctxt->ops->set_segment(ctxt, selector, &desc, 0, n);
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static int rsm_load_seg_64(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, u64 smbase, int n)
{
struct desc_struct desc;
int offset;
u16 selector;
u32 base3;
offset = 0x7e00 + n * 16;
selector = GET_SMSTATE(u16, smbase, offset);
rsm_set_desc_flags(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u16, smbase, offset + 2) << 8);
set_desc_limit(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, offset + 4));
set_desc_base(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, offset + 8));
base3 = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, offset + 12);
ctxt->ops->set_segment(ctxt, selector, &desc, base3, n);
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static int rsm_enter_protected_mode(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,
u64 cr0, u64 cr4)
{
int bad;
/*
* First enable PAE, long mode needs it before CR0.PG = 1 is set.
* Then enable protected mode. However, PCID cannot be enabled
* if EFER.LMA=0, so set it separately.
*/
bad = ctxt->ops->set_cr(ctxt, 4, cr4 & ~X86_CR4_PCIDE);
if (bad)
return X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE;
bad = ctxt->ops->set_cr(ctxt, 0, cr0);
if (bad)
return X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE;
if (cr4 & X86_CR4_PCIDE) {
bad = ctxt->ops->set_cr(ctxt, 4, cr4);
if (bad)
return X86EMUL_UNHANDLEABLE;
}
return X86EMUL_CONTINUE;
}
static int rsm_load_state_32(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, u64 smbase)
{
struct desc_struct desc;
struct desc_ptr dt;
u16 selector;
u32 val, cr0, cr4;
int i;
cr0 = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7ffc);
ctxt->ops->set_cr(ctxt, 3, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7ff8));
ctxt->eflags = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7ff4) | X86_EFLAGS_FIXED;
ctxt->_eip = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7ff0);
for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
*reg_write(ctxt, i) = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7fd0 + i * 4);
val = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7fcc);
ctxt->ops->set_dr(ctxt, 6, (val & DR6_VOLATILE) | DR6_FIXED_1);
val = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7fc8);
ctxt->ops->set_dr(ctxt, 7, (val & DR7_VOLATILE) | DR7_FIXED_1);
selector = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7fc4);
set_desc_base(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f64));
set_desc_limit(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f60));
rsm_set_desc_flags(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f5c));
ctxt->ops->set_segment(ctxt, selector, &desc, 0, VCPU_SREG_TR);
selector = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7fc0);
set_desc_base(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f80));
set_desc_limit(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f7c));
rsm_set_desc_flags(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f78));
ctxt->ops->set_segment(ctxt, selector, &desc, 0, VCPU_SREG_LDTR);
dt.address = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f74);
dt.size = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f70);
ctxt->ops->set_gdt(ctxt, &dt);
dt.address = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f58);
dt.size = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f54);
ctxt->ops->set_idt(ctxt, &dt);
for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
int r = rsm_load_seg_32(ctxt, smbase, i);
if (r != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return r;
}
cr4 = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f14);
ctxt->ops->set_smbase(ctxt, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7ef8));
return rsm_enter_protected_mode(ctxt, cr0, cr4);
}
static int rsm_load_state_64(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, u64 smbase)
{
struct desc_struct desc;
struct desc_ptr dt;
u64 val, cr0, cr4;
u32 base3;
u16 selector;
int i, r;
for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
*reg_write(ctxt, i) = GET_SMSTATE(u64, smbase, 0x7ff8 - i * 8);
ctxt->_eip = GET_SMSTATE(u64, smbase, 0x7f78);
ctxt->eflags = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f70) | X86_EFLAGS_FIXED;
val = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f68);
ctxt->ops->set_dr(ctxt, 6, (val & DR6_VOLATILE) | DR6_FIXED_1);
val = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f60);
ctxt->ops->set_dr(ctxt, 7, (val & DR7_VOLATILE) | DR7_FIXED_1);
cr0 = GET_SMSTATE(u64, smbase, 0x7f58);
ctxt->ops->set_cr(ctxt, 3, GET_SMSTATE(u64, smbase, 0x7f50));
cr4 = GET_SMSTATE(u64, smbase, 0x7f48);
ctxt->ops->set_smbase(ctxt, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7f00));
val = GET_SMSTATE(u64, smbase, 0x7ed0);
ctxt->ops->set_msr(ctxt, MSR_EFER, val & ~EFER_LMA);
selector = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7e90);
rsm_set_desc_flags(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7e92) << 8);
set_desc_limit(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7e94));
set_desc_base(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7e98));
base3 = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7e9c);
ctxt->ops->set_segment(ctxt, selector, &desc, base3, VCPU_SREG_TR);
dt.size = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7e84);
dt.address = GET_SMSTATE(u64, smbase, 0x7e88);
ctxt->ops->set_idt(ctxt, &dt);
selector = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7e70);
rsm_set_desc_flags(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7e72) << 8);
set_desc_limit(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7e74));
set_desc_base(&desc, GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7e78));
base3 = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7e7c);
ctxt->ops->set_segment(ctxt, selector, &desc, base3, VCPU_SREG_LDTR);
dt.size = GET_SMSTATE(u32, smbase, 0x7e64);
dt.address = GET_SMSTATE(u64, smbase, 0x7e68);
ctxt->ops->set_gdt(ctxt, &dt);
r = rsm_enter_protected_mode(ctxt, cr0, cr4);
if (r != X86EMUL_CONTINUE)
return r;