blob: eca30c1eb1d97cd367c6b2b76396991b79328b1a [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* Kernel-based Virtual Machine driver for Linux
*
* This module enables machines with Intel VT-x extensions to run virtual
* machines without emulation or binary translation.
*
* MMU support
*
* Copyright (C) 2006 Qumranet, Inc.
* Copyright 2010 Red Hat, Inc. and/or its affiliates.
*
* Authors:
* Yaniv Kamay <yaniv@qumranet.com>
* Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com>
*
* This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2. See
* the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
*
*/
#include "irq.h"
#include "mmu.h"
#include "x86.h"
#include "kvm_cache_regs.h"
#include "cpuid.h"
#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/srcu.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/hash.h>
#include <linux/kern_levels.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/cmpxchg.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/vmx.h>
#include <asm/kvm_page_track.h>
#include "trace.h"
/*
* When setting this variable to true it enables Two-Dimensional-Paging
* where the hardware walks 2 page tables:
* 1. the guest-virtual to guest-physical
* 2. while doing 1. it walks guest-physical to host-physical
* If the hardware supports that we don't need to do shadow paging.
*/
bool tdp_enabled = false;
enum {
AUDIT_PRE_PAGE_FAULT,
AUDIT_POST_PAGE_FAULT,
AUDIT_PRE_PTE_WRITE,
AUDIT_POST_PTE_WRITE,
AUDIT_PRE_SYNC,
AUDIT_POST_SYNC
};
#undef MMU_DEBUG
#ifdef MMU_DEBUG
static bool dbg = 0;
module_param(dbg, bool, 0644);
#define pgprintk(x...) do { if (dbg) printk(x); } while (0)
#define rmap_printk(x...) do { if (dbg) printk(x); } while (0)
#define MMU_WARN_ON(x) WARN_ON(x)
#else
#define pgprintk(x...) do { } while (0)
#define rmap_printk(x...) do { } while (0)
#define MMU_WARN_ON(x) do { } while (0)
#endif
#define PTE_PREFETCH_NUM 8
#define PT_FIRST_AVAIL_BITS_SHIFT 10
#define PT64_SECOND_AVAIL_BITS_SHIFT 52
#define PT64_LEVEL_BITS 9
#define PT64_LEVEL_SHIFT(level) \
(PAGE_SHIFT + (level - 1) * PT64_LEVEL_BITS)
#define PT64_INDEX(address, level)\
(((address) >> PT64_LEVEL_SHIFT(level)) & ((1 << PT64_LEVEL_BITS) - 1))
#define PT32_LEVEL_BITS 10
#define PT32_LEVEL_SHIFT(level) \
(PAGE_SHIFT + (level - 1) * PT32_LEVEL_BITS)
#define PT32_LVL_OFFSET_MASK(level) \
(PT32_BASE_ADDR_MASK & ((1ULL << (PAGE_SHIFT + (((level) - 1) \
* PT32_LEVEL_BITS))) - 1))
#define PT32_INDEX(address, level)\
(((address) >> PT32_LEVEL_SHIFT(level)) & ((1 << PT32_LEVEL_BITS) - 1))
#define PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK __sme_clr((((1ULL << 52) - 1) & ~(u64)(PAGE_SIZE-1)))
#define PT64_DIR_BASE_ADDR_MASK \
(PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK & ~((1ULL << (PAGE_SHIFT + PT64_LEVEL_BITS)) - 1))
#define PT64_LVL_ADDR_MASK(level) \
(PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK & ~((1ULL << (PAGE_SHIFT + (((level) - 1) \
* PT64_LEVEL_BITS))) - 1))
#define PT64_LVL_OFFSET_MASK(level) \
(PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK & ((1ULL << (PAGE_SHIFT + (((level) - 1) \
* PT64_LEVEL_BITS))) - 1))
#define PT32_BASE_ADDR_MASK PAGE_MASK
#define PT32_DIR_BASE_ADDR_MASK \
(PAGE_MASK & ~((1ULL << (PAGE_SHIFT + PT32_LEVEL_BITS)) - 1))
#define PT32_LVL_ADDR_MASK(level) \
(PAGE_MASK & ~((1ULL << (PAGE_SHIFT + (((level) - 1) \
* PT32_LEVEL_BITS))) - 1))
#define PT64_PERM_MASK (PT_PRESENT_MASK | PT_WRITABLE_MASK | shadow_user_mask \
| shadow_x_mask | shadow_nx_mask | shadow_me_mask)
#define ACC_EXEC_MASK 1
#define ACC_WRITE_MASK PT_WRITABLE_MASK
#define ACC_USER_MASK PT_USER_MASK
#define ACC_ALL (ACC_EXEC_MASK | ACC_WRITE_MASK | ACC_USER_MASK)
/* The mask for the R/X bits in EPT PTEs */
#define PT64_EPT_READABLE_MASK 0x1ull
#define PT64_EPT_EXECUTABLE_MASK 0x4ull
#include <trace/events/kvm.h>
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include "mmutrace.h"
#define SPTE_HOST_WRITEABLE (1ULL << PT_FIRST_AVAIL_BITS_SHIFT)
#define SPTE_MMU_WRITEABLE (1ULL << (PT_FIRST_AVAIL_BITS_SHIFT + 1))
#define SHADOW_PT_INDEX(addr, level) PT64_INDEX(addr, level)
/* make pte_list_desc fit well in cache line */
#define PTE_LIST_EXT 3
struct pte_list_desc {
u64 *sptes[PTE_LIST_EXT];
struct pte_list_desc *more;
};
struct kvm_shadow_walk_iterator {
u64 addr;
hpa_t shadow_addr;
u64 *sptep;
int level;
unsigned index;
};
#define for_each_shadow_entry(_vcpu, _addr, _walker) \
for (shadow_walk_init(&(_walker), _vcpu, _addr); \
shadow_walk_okay(&(_walker)); \
shadow_walk_next(&(_walker)))
#define for_each_shadow_entry_lockless(_vcpu, _addr, _walker, spte) \
for (shadow_walk_init(&(_walker), _vcpu, _addr); \
shadow_walk_okay(&(_walker)) && \
({ spte = mmu_spte_get_lockless(_walker.sptep); 1; }); \
__shadow_walk_next(&(_walker), spte))
static struct kmem_cache *pte_list_desc_cache;
static struct kmem_cache *mmu_page_header_cache;
static struct percpu_counter kvm_total_used_mmu_pages;
static u64 __read_mostly shadow_nx_mask;
static u64 __read_mostly shadow_x_mask; /* mutual exclusive with nx_mask */
static u64 __read_mostly shadow_user_mask;
static u64 __read_mostly shadow_accessed_mask;
static u64 __read_mostly shadow_dirty_mask;
static u64 __read_mostly shadow_mmio_mask;
static u64 __read_mostly shadow_mmio_value;
static u64 __read_mostly shadow_present_mask;
static u64 __read_mostly shadow_me_mask;
/*
* SPTEs used by MMUs without A/D bits are marked with shadow_acc_track_value.
* Non-present SPTEs with shadow_acc_track_value set are in place for access
* tracking.
*/
static u64 __read_mostly shadow_acc_track_mask;
static const u64 shadow_acc_track_value = SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK;
/*
* The mask/shift to use for saving the original R/X bits when marking the PTE
* as not-present for access tracking purposes. We do not save the W bit as the
* PTEs being access tracked also need to be dirty tracked, so the W bit will be
* restored only when a write is attempted to the page.
*/
static const u64 shadow_acc_track_saved_bits_mask = PT64_EPT_READABLE_MASK |
PT64_EPT_EXECUTABLE_MASK;
static const u64 shadow_acc_track_saved_bits_shift = PT64_SECOND_AVAIL_BITS_SHIFT;
static void mmu_spte_set(u64 *sptep, u64 spte);
static void mmu_free_roots(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_mmu_set_mmio_spte_mask(u64 mmio_mask, u64 mmio_value)
{
BUG_ON((mmio_mask & mmio_value) != mmio_value);
shadow_mmio_value = mmio_value | SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK;
shadow_mmio_mask = mmio_mask | SPTE_SPECIAL_MASK;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_mmu_set_mmio_spte_mask);
static inline bool sp_ad_disabled(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
return sp->role.ad_disabled;
}
static inline bool spte_ad_enabled(u64 spte)
{
MMU_WARN_ON((spte & shadow_mmio_mask) == shadow_mmio_value);
return !(spte & shadow_acc_track_value);
}
static inline u64 spte_shadow_accessed_mask(u64 spte)
{
MMU_WARN_ON((spte & shadow_mmio_mask) == shadow_mmio_value);
return spte_ad_enabled(spte) ? shadow_accessed_mask : 0;
}
static inline u64 spte_shadow_dirty_mask(u64 spte)
{
MMU_WARN_ON((spte & shadow_mmio_mask) == shadow_mmio_value);
return spte_ad_enabled(spte) ? shadow_dirty_mask : 0;
}
static inline bool is_access_track_spte(u64 spte)
{
return !spte_ad_enabled(spte) && (spte & shadow_acc_track_mask) == 0;
}
/*
* the low bit of the generation number is always presumed to be zero.
* This disables mmio caching during memslot updates. The concept is
* similar to a seqcount but instead of retrying the access we just punt
* and ignore the cache.
*
* spte bits 3-11 are used as bits 1-9 of the generation number,
* the bits 52-61 are used as bits 10-19 of the generation number.
*/
#define MMIO_SPTE_GEN_LOW_SHIFT 2
#define MMIO_SPTE_GEN_HIGH_SHIFT 52
#define MMIO_GEN_SHIFT 20
#define MMIO_GEN_LOW_SHIFT 10
#define MMIO_GEN_LOW_MASK ((1 << MMIO_GEN_LOW_SHIFT) - 2)
#define MMIO_GEN_MASK ((1 << MMIO_GEN_SHIFT) - 1)
static u64 generation_mmio_spte_mask(unsigned int gen)
{
u64 mask;
WARN_ON(gen & ~MMIO_GEN_MASK);
mask = (gen & MMIO_GEN_LOW_MASK) << MMIO_SPTE_GEN_LOW_SHIFT;
mask |= ((u64)gen >> MMIO_GEN_LOW_SHIFT) << MMIO_SPTE_GEN_HIGH_SHIFT;
return mask;
}
static unsigned int get_mmio_spte_generation(u64 spte)
{
unsigned int gen;
spte &= ~shadow_mmio_mask;
gen = (spte >> MMIO_SPTE_GEN_LOW_SHIFT) & MMIO_GEN_LOW_MASK;
gen |= (spte >> MMIO_SPTE_GEN_HIGH_SHIFT) << MMIO_GEN_LOW_SHIFT;
return gen;
}
static unsigned int kvm_current_mmio_generation(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return kvm_vcpu_memslots(vcpu)->generation & MMIO_GEN_MASK;
}
static void mark_mmio_spte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *sptep, u64 gfn,
unsigned access)
{
unsigned int gen = kvm_current_mmio_generation(vcpu);
u64 mask = generation_mmio_spte_mask(gen);
access &= ACC_WRITE_MASK | ACC_USER_MASK;
mask |= shadow_mmio_value | access | gfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
trace_mark_mmio_spte(sptep, gfn, access, gen);
mmu_spte_set(sptep, mask);
}
static bool is_mmio_spte(u64 spte)
{
return (spte & shadow_mmio_mask) == shadow_mmio_value;
}
static gfn_t get_mmio_spte_gfn(u64 spte)
{
u64 mask = generation_mmio_spte_mask(MMIO_GEN_MASK) | shadow_mmio_mask;
return (spte & ~mask) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
}
static unsigned get_mmio_spte_access(u64 spte)
{
u64 mask = generation_mmio_spte_mask(MMIO_GEN_MASK) | shadow_mmio_mask;
return (spte & ~mask) & ~PAGE_MASK;
}
static bool set_mmio_spte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *sptep, gfn_t gfn,
kvm_pfn_t pfn, unsigned access)
{
if (unlikely(is_noslot_pfn(pfn))) {
mark_mmio_spte(vcpu, sptep, gfn, access);
return true;
}
return false;
}
static bool check_mmio_spte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 spte)
{
unsigned int kvm_gen, spte_gen;
kvm_gen = kvm_current_mmio_generation(vcpu);
spte_gen = get_mmio_spte_generation(spte);
trace_check_mmio_spte(spte, kvm_gen, spte_gen);
return likely(kvm_gen == spte_gen);
}
/*
* Sets the shadow PTE masks used by the MMU.
*
* Assumptions:
* - Setting either @accessed_mask or @dirty_mask requires setting both
* - At least one of @accessed_mask or @acc_track_mask must be set
*/
void kvm_mmu_set_mask_ptes(u64 user_mask, u64 accessed_mask,
u64 dirty_mask, u64 nx_mask, u64 x_mask, u64 p_mask,
u64 acc_track_mask, u64 me_mask)
{
BUG_ON(!dirty_mask != !accessed_mask);
BUG_ON(!accessed_mask && !acc_track_mask);
BUG_ON(acc_track_mask & shadow_acc_track_value);
shadow_user_mask = user_mask;
shadow_accessed_mask = accessed_mask;
shadow_dirty_mask = dirty_mask;
shadow_nx_mask = nx_mask;
shadow_x_mask = x_mask;
shadow_present_mask = p_mask;
shadow_acc_track_mask = acc_track_mask;
shadow_me_mask = me_mask;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_mmu_set_mask_ptes);
void kvm_mmu_clear_all_pte_masks(void)
{
shadow_user_mask = 0;
shadow_accessed_mask = 0;
shadow_dirty_mask = 0;
shadow_nx_mask = 0;
shadow_x_mask = 0;
shadow_mmio_mask = 0;
shadow_present_mask = 0;
shadow_acc_track_mask = 0;
}
static int is_cpuid_PSE36(void)
{
return 1;
}
static int is_nx(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return vcpu->arch.efer & EFER_NX;
}
static int is_shadow_present_pte(u64 pte)
{
return (pte != 0) && !is_mmio_spte(pte);
}
static int is_large_pte(u64 pte)
{
return pte & PT_PAGE_SIZE_MASK;
}
static int is_last_spte(u64 pte, int level)
{
if (level == PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL)
return 1;
if (is_large_pte(pte))
return 1;
return 0;
}
static bool is_executable_pte(u64 spte)
{
return (spte & (shadow_x_mask | shadow_nx_mask)) == shadow_x_mask;
}
static kvm_pfn_t spte_to_pfn(u64 pte)
{
return (pte & PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
}
static gfn_t pse36_gfn_delta(u32 gpte)
{
int shift = 32 - PT32_DIR_PSE36_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT;
return (gpte & PT32_DIR_PSE36_MASK) << shift;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
static void __set_spte(u64 *sptep, u64 spte)
{
WRITE_ONCE(*sptep, spte);
}
static void __update_clear_spte_fast(u64 *sptep, u64 spte)
{
WRITE_ONCE(*sptep, spte);
}
static u64 __update_clear_spte_slow(u64 *sptep, u64 spte)
{
return xchg(sptep, spte);
}
static u64 __get_spte_lockless(u64 *sptep)
{
return ACCESS_ONCE(*sptep);
}
#else
union split_spte {
struct {
u32 spte_low;
u32 spte_high;
};
u64 spte;
};
static void count_spte_clear(u64 *sptep, u64 spte)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp = page_header(__pa(sptep));
if (is_shadow_present_pte(spte))
return;
/* Ensure the spte is completely set before we increase the count */
smp_wmb();
sp->clear_spte_count++;
}
static void __set_spte(u64 *sptep, u64 spte)
{
union split_spte *ssptep, sspte;
ssptep = (union split_spte *)sptep;
sspte = (union split_spte)spte;
ssptep->spte_high = sspte.spte_high;
/*
* If we map the spte from nonpresent to present, We should store
* the high bits firstly, then set present bit, so cpu can not
* fetch this spte while we are setting the spte.
*/
smp_wmb();
WRITE_ONCE(ssptep->spte_low, sspte.spte_low);
}
static void __update_clear_spte_fast(u64 *sptep, u64 spte)
{
union split_spte *ssptep, sspte;
ssptep = (union split_spte *)sptep;
sspte = (union split_spte)spte;
WRITE_ONCE(ssptep->spte_low, sspte.spte_low);
/*
* If we map the spte from present to nonpresent, we should clear
* present bit firstly to avoid vcpu fetch the old high bits.
*/
smp_wmb();
ssptep->spte_high = sspte.spte_high;
count_spte_clear(sptep, spte);
}
static u64 __update_clear_spte_slow(u64 *sptep, u64 spte)
{
union split_spte *ssptep, sspte, orig;
ssptep = (union split_spte *)sptep;
sspte = (union split_spte)spte;
/* xchg acts as a barrier before the setting of the high bits */
orig.spte_low = xchg(&ssptep->spte_low, sspte.spte_low);
orig.spte_high = ssptep->spte_high;
ssptep->spte_high = sspte.spte_high;
count_spte_clear(sptep, spte);
return orig.spte;
}
/*
* The idea using the light way get the spte on x86_32 guest is from
* gup_get_pte(arch/x86/mm/gup.c).
*
* An spte tlb flush may be pending, because kvm_set_pte_rmapp
* coalesces them and we are running out of the MMU lock. Therefore
* we need to protect against in-progress updates of the spte.
*
* Reading the spte while an update is in progress may get the old value
* for the high part of the spte. The race is fine for a present->non-present
* change (because the high part of the spte is ignored for non-present spte),
* but for a present->present change we must reread the spte.
*
* All such changes are done in two steps (present->non-present and
* non-present->present), hence it is enough to count the number of
* present->non-present updates: if it changed while reading the spte,
* we might have hit the race. This is done using clear_spte_count.
*/
static u64 __get_spte_lockless(u64 *sptep)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp = page_header(__pa(sptep));
union split_spte spte, *orig = (union split_spte *)sptep;
int count;
retry:
count = sp->clear_spte_count;
smp_rmb();
spte.spte_low = orig->spte_low;
smp_rmb();
spte.spte_high = orig->spte_high;
smp_rmb();
if (unlikely(spte.spte_low != orig->spte_low ||
count != sp->clear_spte_count))
goto retry;
return spte.spte;
}
#endif
static bool spte_can_locklessly_be_made_writable(u64 spte)
{
return (spte & (SPTE_HOST_WRITEABLE | SPTE_MMU_WRITEABLE)) ==
(SPTE_HOST_WRITEABLE | SPTE_MMU_WRITEABLE);
}
static bool spte_has_volatile_bits(u64 spte)
{
if (!is_shadow_present_pte(spte))
return false;
/*
* Always atomically update spte if it can be updated
* out of mmu-lock, it can ensure dirty bit is not lost,
* also, it can help us to get a stable is_writable_pte()
* to ensure tlb flush is not missed.
*/
if (spte_can_locklessly_be_made_writable(spte) ||
is_access_track_spte(spte))
return true;
if (spte_ad_enabled(spte)) {
if ((spte & shadow_accessed_mask) == 0 ||
(is_writable_pte(spte) && (spte & shadow_dirty_mask) == 0))
return true;
}
return false;
}
static bool is_accessed_spte(u64 spte)
{
u64 accessed_mask = spte_shadow_accessed_mask(spte);
return accessed_mask ? spte & accessed_mask
: !is_access_track_spte(spte);
}
static bool is_dirty_spte(u64 spte)
{
u64 dirty_mask = spte_shadow_dirty_mask(spte);
return dirty_mask ? spte & dirty_mask : spte & PT_WRITABLE_MASK;
}
/* Rules for using mmu_spte_set:
* Set the sptep from nonpresent to present.
* Note: the sptep being assigned *must* be either not present
* or in a state where the hardware will not attempt to update
* the spte.
*/
static void mmu_spte_set(u64 *sptep, u64 new_spte)
{
WARN_ON(is_shadow_present_pte(*sptep));
__set_spte(sptep, new_spte);
}
/*
* Update the SPTE (excluding the PFN), but do not track changes in its
* accessed/dirty status.
*/
static u64 mmu_spte_update_no_track(u64 *sptep, u64 new_spte)
{
u64 old_spte = *sptep;
WARN_ON(!is_shadow_present_pte(new_spte));
if (!is_shadow_present_pte(old_spte)) {
mmu_spte_set(sptep, new_spte);
return old_spte;
}
if (!spte_has_volatile_bits(old_spte))
__update_clear_spte_fast(sptep, new_spte);
else
old_spte = __update_clear_spte_slow(sptep, new_spte);
WARN_ON(spte_to_pfn(old_spte) != spte_to_pfn(new_spte));
return old_spte;
}
/* Rules for using mmu_spte_update:
* Update the state bits, it means the mapped pfn is not changed.
*
* Whenever we overwrite a writable spte with a read-only one we
* should flush remote TLBs. Otherwise rmap_write_protect
* will find a read-only spte, even though the writable spte
* might be cached on a CPU's TLB, the return value indicates this
* case.
*
* Returns true if the TLB needs to be flushed
*/
static bool mmu_spte_update(u64 *sptep, u64 new_spte)
{
bool flush = false;
u64 old_spte = mmu_spte_update_no_track(sptep, new_spte);
if (!is_shadow_present_pte(old_spte))
return false;
/*
* For the spte updated out of mmu-lock is safe, since
* we always atomically update it, see the comments in
* spte_has_volatile_bits().
*/
if (spte_can_locklessly_be_made_writable(old_spte) &&
!is_writable_pte(new_spte))
flush = true;
/*
* Flush TLB when accessed/dirty states are changed in the page tables,
* to guarantee consistency between TLB and page tables.
*/
if (is_accessed_spte(old_spte) && !is_accessed_spte(new_spte)) {
flush = true;
kvm_set_pfn_accessed(spte_to_pfn(old_spte));
}
if (is_dirty_spte(old_spte) && !is_dirty_spte(new_spte)) {
flush = true;
kvm_set_pfn_dirty(spte_to_pfn(old_spte));
}
return flush;
}
/*
* Rules for using mmu_spte_clear_track_bits:
* It sets the sptep from present to nonpresent, and track the
* state bits, it is used to clear the last level sptep.
* Returns non-zero if the PTE was previously valid.
*/
static int mmu_spte_clear_track_bits(u64 *sptep)
{
kvm_pfn_t pfn;
u64 old_spte = *sptep;
if (!spte_has_volatile_bits(old_spte))
__update_clear_spte_fast(sptep, 0ull);
else
old_spte = __update_clear_spte_slow(sptep, 0ull);
if (!is_shadow_present_pte(old_spte))
return 0;
pfn = spte_to_pfn(old_spte);
/*
* KVM does not hold the refcount of the page used by
* kvm mmu, before reclaiming the page, we should
* unmap it from mmu first.
*/
WARN_ON(!kvm_is_reserved_pfn(pfn) && !page_count(pfn_to_page(pfn)));
if (is_accessed_spte(old_spte))
kvm_set_pfn_accessed(pfn);
if (is_dirty_spte(old_spte))
kvm_set_pfn_dirty(pfn);
return 1;
}
/*
* Rules for using mmu_spte_clear_no_track:
* Directly clear spte without caring the state bits of sptep,
* it is used to set the upper level spte.
*/
static void mmu_spte_clear_no_track(u64 *sptep)
{
__update_clear_spte_fast(sptep, 0ull);
}
static u64 mmu_spte_get_lockless(u64 *sptep)
{
return __get_spte_lockless(sptep);
}
static u64 mark_spte_for_access_track(u64 spte)
{
if (spte_ad_enabled(spte))
return spte & ~shadow_accessed_mask;
if (is_access_track_spte(spte))
return spte;
/*
* Making an Access Tracking PTE will result in removal of write access
* from the PTE. So, verify that we will be able to restore the write
* access in the fast page fault path later on.
*/
WARN_ONCE((spte & PT_WRITABLE_MASK) &&
!spte_can_locklessly_be_made_writable(spte),
"kvm: Writable SPTE is not locklessly dirty-trackable\n");
WARN_ONCE(spte & (shadow_acc_track_saved_bits_mask <<
shadow_acc_track_saved_bits_shift),
"kvm: Access Tracking saved bit locations are not zero\n");
spte |= (spte & shadow_acc_track_saved_bits_mask) <<
shadow_acc_track_saved_bits_shift;
spte &= ~shadow_acc_track_mask;
return spte;
}
/* Restore an acc-track PTE back to a regular PTE */
static u64 restore_acc_track_spte(u64 spte)
{
u64 new_spte = spte;
u64 saved_bits = (spte >> shadow_acc_track_saved_bits_shift)
& shadow_acc_track_saved_bits_mask;
WARN_ON_ONCE(spte_ad_enabled(spte));
WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_access_track_spte(spte));
new_spte &= ~shadow_acc_track_mask;
new_spte &= ~(shadow_acc_track_saved_bits_mask <<
shadow_acc_track_saved_bits_shift);
new_spte |= saved_bits;
return new_spte;
}
/* Returns the Accessed status of the PTE and resets it at the same time. */
static bool mmu_spte_age(u64 *sptep)
{
u64 spte = mmu_spte_get_lockless(sptep);
if (!is_accessed_spte(spte))
return false;
if (spte_ad_enabled(spte)) {
clear_bit((ffs(shadow_accessed_mask) - 1),
(unsigned long *)sptep);
} else {
/*
* Capture the dirty status of the page, so that it doesn't get
* lost when the SPTE is marked for access tracking.
*/
if (is_writable_pte(spte))
kvm_set_pfn_dirty(spte_to_pfn(spte));
spte = mark_spte_for_access_track(spte);
mmu_spte_update_no_track(sptep, spte);
}
return true;
}
static void walk_shadow_page_lockless_begin(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
/*
* Prevent page table teardown by making any free-er wait during
* kvm_flush_remote_tlbs() IPI to all active vcpus.
*/
local_irq_disable();
/*
* Make sure a following spte read is not reordered ahead of the write
* to vcpu->mode.
*/
smp_store_mb(vcpu->mode, READING_SHADOW_PAGE_TABLES);
}
static void walk_shadow_page_lockless_end(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
/*
* Make sure the write to vcpu->mode is not reordered in front of
* reads to sptes. If it does, kvm_commit_zap_page() can see us
* OUTSIDE_GUEST_MODE and proceed to free the shadow page table.
*/
smp_store_release(&vcpu->mode, OUTSIDE_GUEST_MODE);
local_irq_enable();
}
static int mmu_topup_memory_cache(struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache *cache,
struct kmem_cache *base_cache, int min)
{
void *obj;
if (cache->nobjs >= min)
return 0;
while (cache->nobjs < ARRAY_SIZE(cache->objects)) {
obj = kmem_cache_zalloc(base_cache, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!obj)
return -ENOMEM;
cache->objects[cache->nobjs++] = obj;
}
return 0;
}
static int mmu_memory_cache_free_objects(struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache *cache)
{
return cache->nobjs;
}
static void mmu_free_memory_cache(struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache *mc,
struct kmem_cache *cache)
{
while (mc->nobjs)
kmem_cache_free(cache, mc->objects[--mc->nobjs]);
}
static int mmu_topup_memory_cache_page(struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache *cache,
int min)
{
void *page;
if (cache->nobjs >= min)
return 0;
while (cache->nobjs < ARRAY_SIZE(cache->objects)) {
page = (void *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
if (!page)
return -ENOMEM;
cache->objects[cache->nobjs++] = page;
}
return 0;
}
static void mmu_free_memory_cache_page(struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache *mc)
{
while (mc->nobjs)
free_page((unsigned long)mc->objects[--mc->nobjs]);
}
static int mmu_topup_memory_caches(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
int r;
r = mmu_topup_memory_cache(&vcpu->arch.mmu_pte_list_desc_cache,
pte_list_desc_cache, 8 + PTE_PREFETCH_NUM);
if (r)
goto out;
r = mmu_topup_memory_cache_page(&vcpu->arch.mmu_page_cache, 8);
if (r)
goto out;
r = mmu_topup_memory_cache(&vcpu->arch.mmu_page_header_cache,
mmu_page_header_cache, 4);
out:
return r;
}
static void mmu_free_memory_caches(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
mmu_free_memory_cache(&vcpu->arch.mmu_pte_list_desc_cache,
pte_list_desc_cache);
mmu_free_memory_cache_page(&vcpu->arch.mmu_page_cache);
mmu_free_memory_cache(&vcpu->arch.mmu_page_header_cache,
mmu_page_header_cache);
}
static void *mmu_memory_cache_alloc(struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache *mc)
{
void *p;
BUG_ON(!mc->nobjs);
p = mc->objects[--mc->nobjs];
return p;
}
static struct pte_list_desc *mmu_alloc_pte_list_desc(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return mmu_memory_cache_alloc(&vcpu->arch.mmu_pte_list_desc_cache);
}
static void mmu_free_pte_list_desc(struct pte_list_desc *pte_list_desc)
{
kmem_cache_free(pte_list_desc_cache, pte_list_desc);
}
static gfn_t kvm_mmu_page_get_gfn(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp, int index)
{
if (!sp->role.direct)
return sp->gfns[index];
return sp->gfn + (index << ((sp->role.level - 1) * PT64_LEVEL_BITS));
}
static void kvm_mmu_page_set_gfn(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp, int index, gfn_t gfn)
{
if (sp->role.direct)
BUG_ON(gfn != kvm_mmu_page_get_gfn(sp, index));
else
sp->gfns[index] = gfn;
}
/*
* Return the pointer to the large page information for a given gfn,
* handling slots that are not large page aligned.
*/
static struct kvm_lpage_info *lpage_info_slot(gfn_t gfn,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
int level)
{
unsigned long idx;
idx = gfn_to_index(gfn, slot->base_gfn, level);
return &slot->arch.lpage_info[level - 2][idx];
}
static void update_gfn_disallow_lpage_count(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
gfn_t gfn, int count)
{
struct kvm_lpage_info *linfo;
int i;
for (i = PT_DIRECTORY_LEVEL; i <= PT_MAX_HUGEPAGE_LEVEL; ++i) {
linfo = lpage_info_slot(gfn, slot, i);
linfo->disallow_lpage += count;
WARN_ON(linfo->disallow_lpage < 0);
}
}
void kvm_mmu_gfn_disallow_lpage(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, gfn_t gfn)
{
update_gfn_disallow_lpage_count(slot, gfn, 1);
}
void kvm_mmu_gfn_allow_lpage(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, gfn_t gfn)
{
update_gfn_disallow_lpage_count(slot, gfn, -1);
}
static void account_shadowed(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
struct kvm_memslots *slots;
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
gfn_t gfn;
kvm->arch.indirect_shadow_pages++;
gfn = sp->gfn;
slots = kvm_memslots_for_spte_role(kvm, sp->role);
slot = __gfn_to_memslot(slots, gfn);
/* the non-leaf shadow pages are keeping readonly. */
if (sp->role.level > PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL)
return kvm_slot_page_track_add_page(kvm, slot, gfn,
KVM_PAGE_TRACK_WRITE);
kvm_mmu_gfn_disallow_lpage(slot, gfn);
}
static void unaccount_shadowed(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
struct kvm_memslots *slots;
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
gfn_t gfn;
kvm->arch.indirect_shadow_pages--;
gfn = sp->gfn;
slots = kvm_memslots_for_spte_role(kvm, sp->role);
slot = __gfn_to_memslot(slots, gfn);
if (sp->role.level > PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL)
return kvm_slot_page_track_remove_page(kvm, slot, gfn,
KVM_PAGE_TRACK_WRITE);
kvm_mmu_gfn_allow_lpage(slot, gfn);
}
static bool __mmu_gfn_lpage_is_disallowed(gfn_t gfn, int level,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot)
{
struct kvm_lpage_info *linfo;
if (slot) {
linfo = lpage_info_slot(gfn, slot, level);
return !!linfo->disallow_lpage;
}
return true;
}
static bool mmu_gfn_lpage_is_disallowed(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn,
int level)
{
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
slot = kvm_vcpu_gfn_to_memslot(vcpu, gfn);
return __mmu_gfn_lpage_is_disallowed(gfn, level, slot);
}
static int host_mapping_level(struct kvm *kvm, gfn_t gfn)
{
unsigned long page_size;
int i, ret = 0;
page_size = kvm_host_page_size(kvm, gfn);
for (i = PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL; i <= PT_MAX_HUGEPAGE_LEVEL; ++i) {
if (page_size >= KVM_HPAGE_SIZE(i))
ret = i;
else
break;
}
return ret;
}
static inline bool memslot_valid_for_gpte(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
bool no_dirty_log)
{
if (!slot || slot->flags & KVM_MEMSLOT_INVALID)
return false;
if (no_dirty_log && slot->dirty_bitmap)
return false;
return true;
}
static struct kvm_memory_slot *
gfn_to_memslot_dirty_bitmap(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn,
bool no_dirty_log)
{
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
slot = kvm_vcpu_gfn_to_memslot(vcpu, gfn);
if (!memslot_valid_for_gpte(slot, no_dirty_log))
slot = NULL;
return slot;
}
static int mapping_level(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t large_gfn,
bool *force_pt_level)
{
int host_level, level, max_level;
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
if (unlikely(*force_pt_level))
return PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL;
slot = kvm_vcpu_gfn_to_memslot(vcpu, large_gfn);
*force_pt_level = !memslot_valid_for_gpte(slot, true);
if (unlikely(*force_pt_level))
return PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL;
host_level = host_mapping_level(vcpu->kvm, large_gfn);
if (host_level == PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL)
return host_level;
max_level = min(kvm_x86_ops->get_lpage_level(), host_level);
for (level = PT_DIRECTORY_LEVEL; level <= max_level; ++level)
if (__mmu_gfn_lpage_is_disallowed(large_gfn, level, slot))
break;
return level - 1;
}
/*
* About rmap_head encoding:
*
* If the bit zero of rmap_head->val is clear, then it points to the only spte
* in this rmap chain. Otherwise, (rmap_head->val & ~1) points to a struct
* pte_list_desc containing more mappings.
*/
/*
* Returns the number of pointers in the rmap chain, not counting the new one.
*/
static int pte_list_add(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *spte,
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head)
{
struct pte_list_desc *desc;
int i, count = 0;
if (!rmap_head->val) {
rmap_printk("pte_list_add: %p %llx 0->1\n", spte, *spte);
rmap_head->val = (unsigned long)spte;
} else if (!(rmap_head->val & 1)) {
rmap_printk("pte_list_add: %p %llx 1->many\n", spte, *spte);
desc = mmu_alloc_pte_list_desc(vcpu);
desc->sptes[0] = (u64 *)rmap_head->val;
desc->sptes[1] = spte;
rmap_head->val = (unsigned long)desc | 1;
++count;
} else {
rmap_printk("pte_list_add: %p %llx many->many\n", spte, *spte);
desc = (struct pte_list_desc *)(rmap_head->val & ~1ul);
while (desc->sptes[PTE_LIST_EXT-1] && desc->more) {
desc = desc->more;
count += PTE_LIST_EXT;
}
if (desc->sptes[PTE_LIST_EXT-1]) {
desc->more = mmu_alloc_pte_list_desc(vcpu);
desc = desc->more;
}
for (i = 0; desc->sptes[i]; ++i)
++count;
desc->sptes[i] = spte;
}
return count;
}
static void
pte_list_desc_remove_entry(struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
struct pte_list_desc *desc, int i,
struct pte_list_desc *prev_desc)
{
int j;
for (j = PTE_LIST_EXT - 1; !desc->sptes[j] && j > i; --j)
;
desc->sptes[i] = desc->sptes[j];
desc->sptes[j] = NULL;
if (j != 0)
return;
if (!prev_desc && !desc->more)
rmap_head->val = (unsigned long)desc->sptes[0];
else
if (prev_desc)
prev_desc->more = desc->more;
else
rmap_head->val = (unsigned long)desc->more | 1;
mmu_free_pte_list_desc(desc);
}
static void pte_list_remove(u64 *spte, struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head)
{
struct pte_list_desc *desc;
struct pte_list_desc *prev_desc;
int i;
if (!rmap_head->val) {
printk(KERN_ERR "pte_list_remove: %p 0->BUG\n", spte);
BUG();
} else if (!(rmap_head->val & 1)) {
rmap_printk("pte_list_remove: %p 1->0\n", spte);
if ((u64 *)rmap_head->val != spte) {
printk(KERN_ERR "pte_list_remove: %p 1->BUG\n", spte);
BUG();
}
rmap_head->val = 0;
} else {
rmap_printk("pte_list_remove: %p many->many\n", spte);
desc = (struct pte_list_desc *)(rmap_head->val & ~1ul);
prev_desc = NULL;
while (desc) {
for (i = 0; i < PTE_LIST_EXT && desc->sptes[i]; ++i) {
if (desc->sptes[i] == spte) {
pte_list_desc_remove_entry(rmap_head,
desc, i, prev_desc);
return;
}
}
prev_desc = desc;
desc = desc->more;
}
pr_err("pte_list_remove: %p many->many\n", spte);
BUG();
}
}
static struct kvm_rmap_head *__gfn_to_rmap(gfn_t gfn, int level,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot)
{
unsigned long idx;
idx = gfn_to_index(gfn, slot->base_gfn, level);
return &slot->arch.rmap[level - PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL][idx];
}
static struct kvm_rmap_head *gfn_to_rmap(struct kvm *kvm, gfn_t gfn,
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
struct kvm_memslots *slots;
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
slots = kvm_memslots_for_spte_role(kvm, sp->role);
slot = __gfn_to_memslot(slots, gfn);
return __gfn_to_rmap(gfn, sp->role.level, slot);
}
static bool rmap_can_add(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache *cache;
cache = &vcpu->arch.mmu_pte_list_desc_cache;
return mmu_memory_cache_free_objects(cache);
}
static int rmap_add(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *spte, gfn_t gfn)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head;
sp = page_header(__pa(spte));
kvm_mmu_page_set_gfn(sp, spte - sp->spt, gfn);
rmap_head = gfn_to_rmap(vcpu->kvm, gfn, sp);
return pte_list_add(vcpu, spte, rmap_head);
}
static void rmap_remove(struct kvm *kvm, u64 *spte)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
gfn_t gfn;
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head;
sp = page_header(__pa(spte));
gfn = kvm_mmu_page_get_gfn(sp, spte - sp->spt);
rmap_head = gfn_to_rmap(kvm, gfn, sp);
pte_list_remove(spte, rmap_head);
}
/*
* Used by the following functions to iterate through the sptes linked by a
* rmap. All fields are private and not assumed to be used outside.
*/
struct rmap_iterator {
/* private fields */
struct pte_list_desc *desc; /* holds the sptep if not NULL */
int pos; /* index of the sptep */
};
/*
* Iteration must be started by this function. This should also be used after
* removing/dropping sptes from the rmap link because in such cases the
* information in the itererator may not be valid.
*
* Returns sptep if found, NULL otherwise.
*/
static u64 *rmap_get_first(struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
struct rmap_iterator *iter)
{
u64 *sptep;
if (!rmap_head->val)
return NULL;
if (!(rmap_head->val & 1)) {
iter->desc = NULL;
sptep = (u64 *)rmap_head->val;
goto out;
}
iter->desc = (struct pte_list_desc *)(rmap_head->val & ~1ul);
iter->pos = 0;
sptep = iter->desc->sptes[iter->pos];
out:
BUG_ON(!is_shadow_present_pte(*sptep));
return sptep;
}
/*
* Must be used with a valid iterator: e.g. after rmap_get_first().
*
* Returns sptep if found, NULL otherwise.
*/
static u64 *rmap_get_next(struct rmap_iterator *iter)
{
u64 *sptep;
if (iter->desc) {
if (iter->pos < PTE_LIST_EXT - 1) {
++iter->pos;
sptep = iter->desc->sptes[iter->pos];
if (sptep)
goto out;
}
iter->desc = iter->desc->more;
if (iter->desc) {
iter->pos = 0;
/* desc->sptes[0] cannot be NULL */
sptep = iter->desc->sptes[iter->pos];
goto out;
}
}
return NULL;
out:
BUG_ON(!is_shadow_present_pte(*sptep));
return sptep;
}
#define for_each_rmap_spte(_rmap_head_, _iter_, _spte_) \
for (_spte_ = rmap_get_first(_rmap_head_, _iter_); \
_spte_; _spte_ = rmap_get_next(_iter_))
static void drop_spte(struct kvm *kvm, u64 *sptep)
{
if (mmu_spte_clear_track_bits(sptep))
rmap_remove(kvm, sptep);
}
static bool __drop_large_spte(struct kvm *kvm, u64 *sptep)
{
if (is_large_pte(*sptep)) {
WARN_ON(page_header(__pa(sptep))->role.level ==
PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL);
drop_spte(kvm, sptep);
--kvm->stat.lpages;
return true;
}
return false;
}
static void drop_large_spte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *sptep)
{
if (__drop_large_spte(vcpu->kvm, sptep))
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(vcpu->kvm);
}
/*
* Write-protect on the specified @sptep, @pt_protect indicates whether
* spte write-protection is caused by protecting shadow page table.
*
* Note: write protection is difference between dirty logging and spte
* protection:
* - for dirty logging, the spte can be set to writable at anytime if
* its dirty bitmap is properly set.
* - for spte protection, the spte can be writable only after unsync-ing
* shadow page.
*
* Return true if tlb need be flushed.
*/
static bool spte_write_protect(u64 *sptep, bool pt_protect)
{
u64 spte = *sptep;
if (!is_writable_pte(spte) &&
!(pt_protect && spte_can_locklessly_be_made_writable(spte)))
return false;
rmap_printk("rmap_write_protect: spte %p %llx\n", sptep, *sptep);
if (pt_protect)
spte &= ~SPTE_MMU_WRITEABLE;
spte = spte & ~PT_WRITABLE_MASK;
return mmu_spte_update(sptep, spte);
}
static bool __rmap_write_protect(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
bool pt_protect)
{
u64 *sptep;
struct rmap_iterator iter;
bool flush = false;
for_each_rmap_spte(rmap_head, &iter, sptep)
flush |= spte_write_protect(sptep, pt_protect);
return flush;
}
static bool spte_clear_dirty(u64 *sptep)
{
u64 spte = *sptep;
rmap_printk("rmap_clear_dirty: spte %p %llx\n", sptep, *sptep);
spte &= ~shadow_dirty_mask;
return mmu_spte_update(sptep, spte);
}
static bool wrprot_ad_disabled_spte(u64 *sptep)
{
bool was_writable = test_and_clear_bit(PT_WRITABLE_SHIFT,
(unsigned long *)sptep);
if (was_writable)
kvm_set_pfn_dirty(spte_to_pfn(*sptep));
return was_writable;
}
/*
* Gets the GFN ready for another round of dirty logging by clearing the
* - D bit on ad-enabled SPTEs, and
* - W bit on ad-disabled SPTEs.
* Returns true iff any D or W bits were cleared.
*/
static bool __rmap_clear_dirty(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head)
{
u64 *sptep;
struct rmap_iterator iter;
bool flush = false;
for_each_rmap_spte(rmap_head, &iter, sptep)
if (spte_ad_enabled(*sptep))
flush |= spte_clear_dirty(sptep);
else
flush |= wrprot_ad_disabled_spte(sptep);
return flush;
}
static bool spte_set_dirty(u64 *sptep)
{
u64 spte = *sptep;
rmap_printk("rmap_set_dirty: spte %p %llx\n", sptep, *sptep);
spte |= shadow_dirty_mask;
return mmu_spte_update(sptep, spte);
}
static bool __rmap_set_dirty(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head)
{
u64 *sptep;
struct rmap_iterator iter;
bool flush = false;
for_each_rmap_spte(rmap_head, &iter, sptep)
if (spte_ad_enabled(*sptep))
flush |= spte_set_dirty(sptep);
return flush;
}
/**
* kvm_mmu_write_protect_pt_masked - write protect selected PT level pages
* @kvm: kvm instance
* @slot: slot to protect
* @gfn_offset: start of the BITS_PER_LONG pages we care about
* @mask: indicates which pages we should protect
*
* Used when we do not need to care about huge page mappings: e.g. during dirty
* logging we do not have any such mappings.
*/
static void kvm_mmu_write_protect_pt_masked(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
gfn_t gfn_offset, unsigned long mask)
{
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head;
while (mask) {
rmap_head = __gfn_to_rmap(slot->base_gfn + gfn_offset + __ffs(mask),
PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL, slot);
__rmap_write_protect(kvm, rmap_head, false);
/* clear the first set bit */
mask &= mask - 1;
}
}
/**
* kvm_mmu_clear_dirty_pt_masked - clear MMU D-bit for PT level pages, or write
* protect the page if the D-bit isn't supported.
* @kvm: kvm instance
* @slot: slot to clear D-bit
* @gfn_offset: start of the BITS_PER_LONG pages we care about
* @mask: indicates which pages we should clear D-bit
*
* Used for PML to re-log the dirty GPAs after userspace querying dirty_bitmap.
*/
void kvm_mmu_clear_dirty_pt_masked(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
gfn_t gfn_offset, unsigned long mask)
{
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head;
while (mask) {
rmap_head = __gfn_to_rmap(slot->base_gfn + gfn_offset + __ffs(mask),
PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL, slot);
__rmap_clear_dirty(kvm, rmap_head);
/* clear the first set bit */
mask &= mask - 1;
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_mmu_clear_dirty_pt_masked);
/**
* kvm_arch_mmu_enable_log_dirty_pt_masked - enable dirty logging for selected
* PT level pages.
*
* It calls kvm_mmu_write_protect_pt_masked to write protect selected pages to
* enable dirty logging for them.
*
* Used when we do not need to care about huge page mappings: e.g. during dirty
* logging we do not have any such mappings.
*/
void kvm_arch_mmu_enable_log_dirty_pt_masked(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
gfn_t gfn_offset, unsigned long mask)
{
if (kvm_x86_ops->enable_log_dirty_pt_masked)
kvm_x86_ops->enable_log_dirty_pt_masked(kvm, slot, gfn_offset,
mask);
else
kvm_mmu_write_protect_pt_masked(kvm, slot, gfn_offset, mask);
}
/**
* kvm_arch_write_log_dirty - emulate dirty page logging
* @vcpu: Guest mode vcpu
*
* Emulate arch specific page modification logging for the
* nested hypervisor
*/
int kvm_arch_write_log_dirty(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
if (kvm_x86_ops->write_log_dirty)
return kvm_x86_ops->write_log_dirty(vcpu);
return 0;
}
bool kvm_mmu_slot_gfn_write_protect(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, u64 gfn)
{
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head;
int i;
bool write_protected = false;
for (i = PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL; i <= PT_MAX_HUGEPAGE_LEVEL; ++i) {
rmap_head = __gfn_to_rmap(gfn, i, slot);
write_protected |= __rmap_write_protect(kvm, rmap_head, true);
}
return write_protected;
}
static bool rmap_write_protect(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gfn)
{
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
slot = kvm_vcpu_gfn_to_memslot(vcpu, gfn);
return kvm_mmu_slot_gfn_write_protect(vcpu->kvm, slot, gfn);
}
static bool kvm_zap_rmapp(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head)
{
u64 *sptep;
struct rmap_iterator iter;
bool flush = false;
while ((sptep = rmap_get_first(rmap_head, &iter))) {
rmap_printk("%s: spte %p %llx.\n", __func__, sptep, *sptep);
drop_spte(kvm, sptep);
flush = true;
}
return flush;
}
static int kvm_unmap_rmapp(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, gfn_t gfn, int level,
unsigned long data)
{
return kvm_zap_rmapp(kvm, rmap_head);
}
static int kvm_set_pte_rmapp(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, gfn_t gfn, int level,
unsigned long data)
{
u64 *sptep;
struct rmap_iterator iter;
int need_flush = 0;
u64 new_spte;
pte_t *ptep = (pte_t *)data;
kvm_pfn_t new_pfn;
WARN_ON(pte_huge(*ptep));
new_pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep);
restart:
for_each_rmap_spte(rmap_head, &iter, sptep) {
rmap_printk("kvm_set_pte_rmapp: spte %p %llx gfn %llx (%d)\n",
sptep, *sptep, gfn, level);
need_flush = 1;
if (pte_write(*ptep)) {
drop_spte(kvm, sptep);
goto restart;
} else {
new_spte = *sptep & ~PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK;
new_spte |= (u64)new_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
new_spte &= ~PT_WRITABLE_MASK;
new_spte &= ~SPTE_HOST_WRITEABLE;
new_spte = mark_spte_for_access_track(new_spte);
mmu_spte_clear_track_bits(sptep);
mmu_spte_set(sptep, new_spte);
}
}
if (need_flush)
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(kvm);
return 0;
}
struct slot_rmap_walk_iterator {
/* input fields. */
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
gfn_t start_gfn;
gfn_t end_gfn;
int start_level;
int end_level;
/* output fields. */
gfn_t gfn;
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap;
int level;
/* private field. */
struct kvm_rmap_head *end_rmap;
};
static void
rmap_walk_init_level(struct slot_rmap_walk_iterator *iterator, int level)
{
iterator->level = level;
iterator->gfn = iterator->start_gfn;
iterator->rmap = __gfn_to_rmap(iterator->gfn, level, iterator->slot);
iterator->end_rmap = __gfn_to_rmap(iterator->end_gfn, level,
iterator->slot);
}
static void
slot_rmap_walk_init(struct slot_rmap_walk_iterator *iterator,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, int start_level,
int end_level, gfn_t start_gfn, gfn_t end_gfn)
{
iterator->slot = slot;
iterator->start_level = start_level;
iterator->end_level = end_level;
iterator->start_gfn = start_gfn;
iterator->end_gfn = end_gfn;
rmap_walk_init_level(iterator, iterator->start_level);
}
static bool slot_rmap_walk_okay(struct slot_rmap_walk_iterator *iterator)
{
return !!iterator->rmap;
}
static void slot_rmap_walk_next(struct slot_rmap_walk_iterator *iterator)
{
if (++iterator->rmap <= iterator->end_rmap) {
iterator->gfn += (1UL << KVM_HPAGE_GFN_SHIFT(iterator->level));
return;
}
if (++iterator->level > iterator->end_level) {
iterator->rmap = NULL;
return;
}
rmap_walk_init_level(iterator, iterator->level);
}
#define for_each_slot_rmap_range(_slot_, _start_level_, _end_level_, \
_start_gfn, _end_gfn, _iter_) \
for (slot_rmap_walk_init(_iter_, _slot_, _start_level_, \
_end_level_, _start_gfn, _end_gfn); \
slot_rmap_walk_okay(_iter_); \
slot_rmap_walk_next(_iter_))
static int kvm_handle_hva_range(struct kvm *kvm,
unsigned long start,
unsigned long end,
unsigned long data,
int (*handler)(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
gfn_t gfn,
int level,
unsigned long data))
{
struct kvm_memslots *slots;
struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot;
struct slot_rmap_walk_iterator iterator;
int ret = 0;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < KVM_ADDRESS_SPACE_NUM; i++) {
slots = __kvm_memslots(kvm, i);
kvm_for_each_memslot(memslot, slots) {
unsigned long hva_start, hva_end;
gfn_t gfn_start, gfn_end;
hva_start = max(start, memslot->userspace_addr);
hva_end = min(end, memslot->userspace_addr +
(memslot->npages << PAGE_SHIFT));
if (hva_start >= hva_end)
continue;
/*
* {gfn(page) | page intersects with [hva_start, hva_end)} =
* {gfn_start, gfn_start+1, ..., gfn_end-1}.
*/
gfn_start = hva_to_gfn_memslot(hva_start, memslot);
gfn_end = hva_to_gfn_memslot(hva_end + PAGE_SIZE - 1, memslot);
for_each_slot_rmap_range(memslot, PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL,
PT_MAX_HUGEPAGE_LEVEL,
gfn_start, gfn_end - 1,
&iterator)
ret |= handler(kvm, iterator.rmap, memslot,
iterator.gfn, iterator.level, data);
}
}
return ret;
}
static int kvm_handle_hva(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long hva,
unsigned long data,
int (*handler)(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
gfn_t gfn, int level,
unsigned long data))
{
return kvm_handle_hva_range(kvm, hva, hva + 1, data, handler);
}
int kvm_unmap_hva(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long hva)
{
return kvm_handle_hva(kvm, hva, 0, kvm_unmap_rmapp);
}
int kvm_unmap_hva_range(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
return kvm_handle_hva_range(kvm, start, end, 0, kvm_unmap_rmapp);
}
void kvm_set_spte_hva(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long hva, pte_t pte)
{
kvm_handle_hva(kvm, hva, (unsigned long)&pte, kvm_set_pte_rmapp);
}
static int kvm_age_rmapp(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, gfn_t gfn, int level,
unsigned long data)
{
u64 *sptep;
struct rmap_iterator uninitialized_var(iter);
int young = 0;
for_each_rmap_spte(rmap_head, &iter, sptep)
young |= mmu_spte_age(sptep);
trace_kvm_age_page(gfn, level, slot, young);
return young;
}
static int kvm_test_age_rmapp(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, gfn_t gfn,
int level, unsigned long data)
{
u64 *sptep;
struct rmap_iterator iter;
for_each_rmap_spte(rmap_head, &iter, sptep)
if (is_accessed_spte(*sptep))
return 1;
return 0;
}
#define RMAP_RECYCLE_THRESHOLD 1000
static void rmap_recycle(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *spte, gfn_t gfn)
{
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head;
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
sp = page_header(__pa(spte));
rmap_head = gfn_to_rmap(vcpu->kvm, gfn, sp);
kvm_unmap_rmapp(vcpu->kvm, rmap_head, NULL, gfn, sp->role.level, 0);
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(vcpu->kvm);
}
int kvm_age_hva(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
return kvm_handle_hva_range(kvm, start, end, 0, kvm_age_rmapp);
}
int kvm_test_age_hva(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long hva)
{
return kvm_handle_hva(kvm, hva, 0, kvm_test_age_rmapp);
}
#ifdef MMU_DEBUG
static int is_empty_shadow_page(u64 *spt)
{
u64 *pos;
u64 *end;
for (pos = spt, end = pos + PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(u64); pos != end; pos++)
if (is_shadow_present_pte(*pos)) {
printk(KERN_ERR "%s: %p %llx\n", __func__,
pos, *pos);
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
#endif
/*
* This value is the sum of all of the kvm instances's
* kvm->arch.n_used_mmu_pages values. We need a global,
* aggregate version in order to make the slab shrinker
* faster
*/
static inline void kvm_mod_used_mmu_pages(struct kvm *kvm, int nr)
{
kvm->arch.n_used_mmu_pages += nr;
percpu_counter_add(&kvm_total_used_mmu_pages, nr);
}
static void kvm_mmu_free_page(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
MMU_WARN_ON(!is_empty_shadow_page(sp->spt));
hlist_del(&sp->hash_link);
list_del(&sp->link);
free_page((unsigned long)sp->spt);
if (!sp->role.direct)
free_page((unsigned long)sp->gfns);
kmem_cache_free(mmu_page_header_cache, sp);
}
static unsigned kvm_page_table_hashfn(gfn_t gfn)
{
return hash_64(gfn, KVM_MMU_HASH_SHIFT);
}
static void mmu_page_add_parent_pte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp, u64 *parent_pte)
{
if (!parent_pte)
return;
pte_list_add(vcpu, parent_pte, &sp->parent_ptes);
}
static void mmu_page_remove_parent_pte(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
u64 *parent_pte)
{
pte_list_remove(parent_pte, &sp->parent_ptes);
}
static void drop_parent_pte(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
u64 *parent_pte)
{
mmu_page_remove_parent_pte(sp, parent_pte);
mmu_spte_clear_no_track(parent_pte);
}
static struct kvm_mmu_page *kvm_mmu_alloc_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int direct)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
sp = mmu_memory_cache_alloc(&vcpu->arch.mmu_page_header_cache);
sp->spt = mmu_memory_cache_alloc(&vcpu->arch.mmu_page_cache);
if (!direct)
sp->gfns = mmu_memory_cache_alloc(&vcpu->arch.mmu_page_cache);
set_page_private(virt_to_page(sp->spt), (unsigned long)sp);
/*
* The active_mmu_pages list is the FIFO list, do not move the
* page until it is zapped. kvm_zap_obsolete_pages depends on
* this feature. See the comments in kvm_zap_obsolete_pages().
*/
list_add(&sp->link, &vcpu->kvm->arch.active_mmu_pages);
kvm_mod_used_mmu_pages(vcpu->kvm, +1);
return sp;
}
static void mark_unsync(u64 *spte);
static void kvm_mmu_mark_parents_unsync(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
u64 *sptep;
struct rmap_iterator iter;
for_each_rmap_spte(&sp->parent_ptes, &iter, sptep) {
mark_unsync(sptep);
}
}
static void mark_unsync(u64 *spte)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
unsigned int index;
sp = page_header(__pa(spte));
index = spte - sp->spt;
if (__test_and_set_bit(index, sp->unsync_child_bitmap))
return;
if (sp->unsync_children++)
return;
kvm_mmu_mark_parents_unsync(sp);
}
static int nonpaging_sync_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
return 0;
}
static void nonpaging_invlpg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva)
{
}
static void nonpaging_update_pte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp, u64 *spte,
const void *pte)
{
WARN_ON(1);
}
#define KVM_PAGE_ARRAY_NR 16
struct kvm_mmu_pages {
struct mmu_page_and_offset {
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
unsigned int idx;
} page[KVM_PAGE_ARRAY_NR];
unsigned int nr;
};
static int mmu_pages_add(struct kvm_mmu_pages *pvec, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
int idx)
{
int i;
if (sp->unsync)
for (i=0; i < pvec->nr; i++)
if (pvec->page[i].sp == sp)
return 0;
pvec->page[pvec->nr].sp = sp;
pvec->page[pvec->nr].idx = idx;
pvec->nr++;
return (pvec->nr == KVM_PAGE_ARRAY_NR);
}
static inline void clear_unsync_child_bit(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp, int idx)
{
--sp->unsync_children;
WARN_ON((int)sp->unsync_children < 0);
__clear_bit(idx, sp->unsync_child_bitmap);
}
static int __mmu_unsync_walk(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
struct kvm_mmu_pages *pvec)
{
int i, ret, nr_unsync_leaf = 0;
for_each_set_bit(i, sp->unsync_child_bitmap, 512) {
struct kvm_mmu_page *child;
u64 ent = sp->spt[i];
if (!is_shadow_present_pte(ent) || is_large_pte(ent)) {
clear_unsync_child_bit(sp, i);
continue;
}
child = page_header(ent & PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK);
if (child->unsync_children) {
if (mmu_pages_add(pvec, child, i))
return -ENOSPC;
ret = __mmu_unsync_walk(child, pvec);
if (!ret) {
clear_unsync_child_bit(sp, i);
continue;
} else if (ret > 0) {
nr_unsync_leaf += ret;
} else
return ret;
} else if (child->unsync) {
nr_unsync_leaf++;
if (mmu_pages_add(pvec, child, i))
return -ENOSPC;
} else
clear_unsync_child_bit(sp, i);
}
return nr_unsync_leaf;
}
#define INVALID_INDEX (-1)
static int mmu_unsync_walk(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
struct kvm_mmu_pages *pvec)
{
pvec->nr = 0;
if (!sp->unsync_children)
return 0;
mmu_pages_add(pvec, sp, INVALID_INDEX);
return __mmu_unsync_walk(sp, pvec);
}
static void kvm_unlink_unsync_page(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
WARN_ON(!sp->unsync);
trace_kvm_mmu_sync_page(sp);
sp->unsync = 0;
--kvm->stat.mmu_unsync;
}
static int kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
struct list_head *invalid_list);
static void kvm_mmu_commit_zap_page(struct kvm *kvm,
struct list_head *invalid_list);
/*
* NOTE: we should pay more attention on the zapped-obsolete page
* (is_obsolete_sp(sp) && sp->role.invalid) when you do hash list walk
* since it has been deleted from active_mmu_pages but still can be found
* at hast list.
*
* for_each_valid_sp() has skipped that kind of pages.
*/
#define for_each_valid_sp(_kvm, _sp, _gfn) \
hlist_for_each_entry(_sp, \
&(_kvm)->arch.mmu_page_hash[kvm_page_table_hashfn(_gfn)], hash_link) \
if (is_obsolete_sp((_kvm), (_sp)) || (_sp)->role.invalid) { \
} else
#define for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp(_kvm, _sp, _gfn) \
for_each_valid_sp(_kvm, _sp, _gfn) \
if ((_sp)->gfn != (_gfn) || (_sp)->role.direct) {} else
/* @sp->gfn should be write-protected at the call site */
static bool __kvm_sync_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
struct list_head *invalid_list)
{
if (sp->role.cr4_pae != !!is_pae(vcpu)) {
kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(vcpu->kvm, sp, invalid_list);
return false;
}
if (vcpu->arch.mmu.sync_page(vcpu, sp) == 0) {
kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(vcpu->kvm, sp, invalid_list);
return false;
}
return true;
}
static void kvm_mmu_flush_or_zap(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct list_head *invalid_list,
bool remote_flush, bool local_flush)
{
if (!list_empty(invalid_list)) {
kvm_mmu_commit_zap_page(vcpu->kvm, invalid_list);
return;
}
if (remote_flush)
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(vcpu->kvm);
else if (local_flush)
kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_TLB_FLUSH, vcpu);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_MMU_AUDIT
#include "mmu_audit.c"
#else
static void kvm_mmu_audit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int point) { }
static void mmu_audit_disable(void) { }
#endif
static bool is_obsolete_sp(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
return unlikely(sp->mmu_valid_gen != kvm->arch.mmu_valid_gen);
}
static bool kvm_sync_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
struct list_head *invalid_list)
{
kvm_unlink_unsync_page(vcpu->kvm, sp);
return __kvm_sync_page(vcpu, sp, invalid_list);
}
/* @gfn should be write-protected at the call site */
static bool kvm_sync_pages(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn,
struct list_head *invalid_list)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *s;
bool ret = false;
for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp(vcpu->kvm, s, gfn) {
if (!s->unsync)
continue;
WARN_ON(s->role.level != PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL);
ret |= kvm_sync_page(vcpu, s, invalid_list);
}
return ret;
}
struct mmu_page_path {
struct kvm_mmu_page *parent[PT64_ROOT_MAX_LEVEL];
unsigned int idx[PT64_ROOT_MAX_LEVEL];
};
#define for_each_sp(pvec, sp, parents, i) \
for (i = mmu_pages_first(&pvec, &parents); \
i < pvec.nr && ({ sp = pvec.page[i].sp; 1;}); \
i = mmu_pages_next(&pvec, &parents, i))
static int mmu_pages_next(struct kvm_mmu_pages *pvec,
struct mmu_page_path *parents,
int i)
{
int n;
for (n = i+1; n < pvec->nr; n++) {
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp = pvec->page[n].sp;
unsigned idx = pvec->page[n].idx;
int level = sp->role.level;
parents->idx[level-1] = idx;
if (level == PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL)
break;
parents->parent[level-2] = sp;
}
return n;
}
static int mmu_pages_first(struct kvm_mmu_pages *pvec,
struct mmu_page_path *parents)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
int level;
if (pvec->nr == 0)
return 0;
WARN_ON(pvec->page[0].idx != INVALID_INDEX);
sp = pvec->page[0].sp;
level = sp->role.level;
WARN_ON(level == PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL);
parents->parent[level-2] = sp;
/* Also set up a sentinel. Further entries in pvec are all
* children of sp, so this element is never overwritten.
*/
parents->parent[level-1] = NULL;
return mmu_pages_next(pvec, parents, 0);
}
static void mmu_pages_clear_parents(struct mmu_page_path *parents)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
unsigned int level = 0;
do {
unsigned int idx = parents->idx[level];
sp = parents->parent[level];
if (!sp)
return;
WARN_ON(idx == INVALID_INDEX);
clear_unsync_child_bit(sp, idx);
level++;
} while (!sp->unsync_children);
}
static void mmu_sync_children(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_mmu_page *parent)
{
int i;
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
struct mmu_page_path parents;
struct kvm_mmu_pages pages;
LIST_HEAD(invalid_list);
bool flush = false;
while (mmu_unsync_walk(parent, &pages)) {
bool protected = false;
for_each_sp(pages, sp, parents, i)
protected |= rmap_write_protect(vcpu, sp->gfn);
if (protected) {
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(vcpu->kvm);
flush = false;
}
for_each_sp(pages, sp, parents, i) {
flush |= kvm_sync_page(vcpu, sp, &invalid_list);
mmu_pages_clear_parents(&parents);
}
if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock)) {
kvm_mmu_flush_or_zap(vcpu, &invalid_list, false, flush);
cond_resched_lock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
flush = false;
}
}
kvm_mmu_flush_or_zap(vcpu, &invalid_list, false, flush);
}
static void __clear_sp_write_flooding_count(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
atomic_set(&sp->write_flooding_count, 0);
}
static void clear_sp_write_flooding_count(u64 *spte)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp = page_header(__pa(spte));
__clear_sp_write_flooding_count(sp);
}
static struct kvm_mmu_page *kvm_mmu_get_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
gfn_t gfn,
gva_t gaddr,
unsigned level,
int direct,
unsigned access)
{
union kvm_mmu_page_role role;
unsigned quadrant;
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
bool need_sync = false;
bool flush = false;
int collisions = 0;
LIST_HEAD(invalid_list);
role = vcpu->arch.mmu.base_role;
role.level = level;
role.direct = direct;
if (role.direct)
role.cr4_pae = 0;
role.access = access;
if (!vcpu->arch.mmu.direct_map
&& vcpu->arch.mmu.root_level <= PT32_ROOT_LEVEL) {
quadrant = gaddr >> (PAGE_SHIFT + (PT64_PT_BITS * level));
quadrant &= (1 << ((PT32_PT_BITS - PT64_PT_BITS) * level)) - 1;
role.quadrant = quadrant;
}
for_each_valid_sp(vcpu->kvm, sp, gfn) {
if (sp->gfn != gfn) {
collisions++;
continue;
}
if (!need_sync && sp->unsync)
need_sync = true;
if (sp->role.word != role.word)
continue;
if (sp->unsync) {
/* The page is good, but __kvm_sync_page might still end
* up zapping it. If so, break in order to rebuild it.
*/
if (!__kvm_sync_page(vcpu, sp, &invalid_list))
break;
WARN_ON(!list_empty(&invalid_list));
kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_TLB_FLUSH, vcpu);
}
if (sp->unsync_children)
kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_MMU_SYNC, vcpu);
__clear_sp_write_flooding_count(sp);
trace_kvm_mmu_get_page(sp, false);
goto out;
}
++vcpu->kvm->stat.mmu_cache_miss;
sp = kvm_mmu_alloc_page(vcpu, direct);
sp->gfn = gfn;
sp->role = role;
hlist_add_head(&sp->hash_link,
&vcpu->kvm->arch.mmu_page_hash[kvm_page_table_hashfn(gfn)]);
if (!direct) {
/*
* we should do write protection before syncing pages
* otherwise the content of the synced shadow page may
* be inconsistent with guest page table.
*/
account_shadowed(vcpu->kvm, sp);
if (level == PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL &&
rmap_write_protect(vcpu, gfn))
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(vcpu->kvm);
if (level > PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL && need_sync)
flush |= kvm_sync_pages(vcpu, gfn, &invalid_list);
}
sp->mmu_valid_gen = vcpu->kvm->arch.mmu_valid_gen;
clear_page(sp->spt);
trace_kvm_mmu_get_page(sp, true);
kvm_mmu_flush_or_zap(vcpu, &invalid_list, false, flush);
out:
if (collisions > vcpu->kvm->stat.max_mmu_page_hash_collisions)
vcpu->kvm->stat.max_mmu_page_hash_collisions = collisions;
return sp;
}
static void shadow_walk_init(struct kvm_shadow_walk_iterator *iterator,
struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 addr)
{
iterator->addr = addr;
iterator->shadow_addr = vcpu->arch.mmu.root_hpa;
iterator->level = vcpu->arch.mmu.shadow_root_level;
if (iterator->level == PT64_ROOT_4LEVEL &&
vcpu->arch.mmu.root_level < PT64_ROOT_4LEVEL &&
!vcpu->arch.mmu.direct_map)
--iterator->level;
if (iterator->level == PT32E_ROOT_LEVEL) {
iterator->shadow_addr
= vcpu->arch.mmu.pae_root[(addr >> 30) & 3];
iterator->shadow_addr &= PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK;
--iterator->level;
if (!iterator->shadow_addr)
iterator->level = 0;
}
}
static bool shadow_walk_okay(struct kvm_shadow_walk_iterator *iterator)
{
if (iterator->level < PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL)
return false;
iterator->index = SHADOW_PT_INDEX(iterator->addr, iterator->level);
iterator->sptep = ((u64 *)__va(iterator->shadow_addr)) + iterator->index;
return true;
}
static void __shadow_walk_next(struct kvm_shadow_walk_iterator *iterator,
u64 spte)
{
if (is_last_spte(spte, iterator->level)) {
iterator->level = 0;
return;
}
iterator->shadow_addr = spte & PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK;
--iterator->level;
}
static void shadow_walk_next(struct kvm_shadow_walk_iterator *iterator)
{
return __shadow_walk_next(iterator, *iterator->sptep);
}
static void link_shadow_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *sptep,
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
u64 spte;
BUILD_BUG_ON(VMX_EPT_WRITABLE_MASK != PT_WRITABLE_MASK);
spte = __pa(sp->spt) | shadow_present_mask | PT_WRITABLE_MASK |
shadow_user_mask | shadow_x_mask | shadow_me_mask;
if (sp_ad_disabled(sp))
spte |= shadow_acc_track_value;
else
spte |= shadow_accessed_mask;
mmu_spte_set(sptep, spte);
mmu_page_add_parent_pte(vcpu, sp, sptep);
if (sp->unsync_children || sp->unsync)
mark_unsync(sptep);
}
static void validate_direct_spte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *sptep,
unsigned direct_access)
{
if (is_shadow_present_pte(*sptep) && !is_large_pte(*sptep)) {
struct kvm_mmu_page *child;
/*
* For the direct sp, if the guest pte's dirty bit
* changed form clean to dirty, it will corrupt the
* sp's access: allow writable in the read-only sp,
* so we should update the spte at this point to get
* a new sp with the correct access.
*/
child = page_header(*sptep & PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK);
if (child->role.access == direct_access)
return;
drop_parent_pte(child, sptep);
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(vcpu->kvm);
}
}
static bool mmu_page_zap_pte(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
u64 *spte)
{
u64 pte;
struct kvm_mmu_page *child;
pte = *spte;
if (is_shadow_present_pte(pte)) {
if (is_last_spte(pte, sp->role.level)) {
drop_spte(kvm, spte);
if (is_large_pte(pte))
--kvm->stat.lpages;
} else {
child = page_header(pte & PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK);
drop_parent_pte(child, spte);
}
return true;
}
if (is_mmio_spte(pte))
mmu_spte_clear_no_track(spte);
return false;
}
static void kvm_mmu_page_unlink_children(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
unsigned i;
for (i = 0; i < PT64_ENT_PER_PAGE; ++i)
mmu_page_zap_pte(kvm, sp, sp->spt + i);
}
static void kvm_mmu_unlink_parents(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
u64 *sptep;
struct rmap_iterator iter;
while ((sptep = rmap_get_first(&sp->parent_ptes, &iter)))
drop_parent_pte(sp, sptep);
}
static int mmu_zap_unsync_children(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_mmu_page *parent,
struct list_head *invalid_list)
{
int i, zapped = 0;
struct mmu_page_path parents;
struct kvm_mmu_pages pages;
if (parent->role.level == PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL)
return 0;
while (mmu_unsync_walk(parent, &pages)) {
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
for_each_sp(pages, sp, parents, i) {
kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(kvm, sp, invalid_list);
mmu_pages_clear_parents(&parents);
zapped++;
}
}
return zapped;
}
static int kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
struct list_head *invalid_list)
{
int ret;
trace_kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(sp);
++kvm->stat.mmu_shadow_zapped;
ret = mmu_zap_unsync_children(kvm, sp, invalid_list);
kvm_mmu_page_unlink_children(kvm, sp);
kvm_mmu_unlink_parents(kvm, sp);
if (!sp->role.invalid && !sp->role.direct)
unaccount_shadowed(kvm, sp);
if (sp->unsync)
kvm_unlink_unsync_page(kvm, sp);
if (!sp->root_count) {
/* Count self */
ret++;
list_move(&sp->link, invalid_list);
kvm_mod_used_mmu_pages(kvm, -1);
} else {
list_move(&sp->link, &kvm->arch.active_mmu_pages);
/*
* The obsolete pages can not be used on any vcpus.
* See the comments in kvm_mmu_invalidate_zap_all_pages().
*/
if (!sp->role.invalid && !is_obsolete_sp(kvm, sp))
kvm_reload_remote_mmus(kvm);
}
sp->role.invalid = 1;
return ret;
}
static void kvm_mmu_commit_zap_page(struct kvm *kvm,
struct list_head *invalid_list)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp, *nsp;
if (list_empty(invalid_list))
return;
/*
* We need to make sure everyone sees our modifications to
* the page tables and see changes to vcpu->mode here. The barrier
* in the kvm_flush_remote_tlbs() achieves this. This pairs
* with vcpu_enter_guest and walk_shadow_page_lockless_begin/end.
*
* In addition, kvm_flush_remote_tlbs waits for all vcpus to exit
* guest mode and/or lockless shadow page table walks.
*/
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(kvm);
list_for_each_entry_safe(sp, nsp, invalid_list, link) {
WARN_ON(!sp->role.invalid || sp->root_count);
kvm_mmu_free_page(sp);
}
}
static bool prepare_zap_oldest_mmu_page(struct kvm *kvm,
struct list_head *invalid_list)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
if (list_empty(&kvm->arch.active_mmu_pages))
return false;
sp = list_last_entry(&kvm->arch.active_mmu_pages,
struct kvm_mmu_page, link);
return kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(kvm, sp, invalid_list);
}
/*
* Changing the number of mmu pages allocated to the vm
* Note: if goal_nr_mmu_pages is too small, you will get dead lock
*/
void kvm_mmu_change_mmu_pages(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned int goal_nr_mmu_pages)
{
LIST_HEAD(invalid_list);
spin_lock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
if (kvm->arch.n_used_mmu_pages > goal_nr_mmu_pages) {
/* Need to free some mmu pages to achieve the goal. */
while (kvm->arch.n_used_mmu_pages > goal_nr_mmu_pages)
if (!prepare_zap_oldest_mmu_page(kvm, &invalid_list))
break;
kvm_mmu_commit_zap_page(kvm, &invalid_list);
goal_nr_mmu_pages = kvm->arch.n_used_mmu_pages;
}
kvm->arch.n_max_mmu_pages = goal_nr_mmu_pages;
spin_unlock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
}
int kvm_mmu_unprotect_page(struct kvm *kvm, gfn_t gfn)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
LIST_HEAD(invalid_list);
int r;
pgprintk("%s: looking for gfn %llx\n", __func__, gfn);
r = 0;
spin_lock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp(kvm, sp, gfn) {
pgprintk("%s: gfn %llx role %x\n", __func__, gfn,
sp->role.word);
r = 1;
kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(kvm, sp, &invalid_list);
}
kvm_mmu_commit_zap_page(kvm, &invalid_list);
spin_unlock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
return r;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_mmu_unprotect_page);
static void kvm_unsync_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
{
trace_kvm_mmu_unsync_page(sp);
++vcpu->kvm->stat.mmu_unsync;
sp->unsync = 1;
kvm_mmu_mark_parents_unsync(sp);
}
static bool mmu_need_write_protect(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn,
bool can_unsync)
{
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
if (kvm_page_track_is_active(vcpu, gfn, KVM_PAGE_TRACK_WRITE))
return true;
for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp(vcpu->kvm, sp, gfn) {
if (!can_unsync)
return true;
if (sp->unsync)
continue;
WARN_ON(sp->role.level != PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL);
kvm_unsync_page(vcpu, sp);
}
return false;
}
static bool kvm_is_mmio_pfn(kvm_pfn_t pfn)
{
if (pfn_valid(pfn))
return !is_zero_pfn(pfn) && PageReserved(pfn_to_page(pfn));
return true;
}
static int set_spte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *sptep,
unsigned pte_access, int level,
gfn_t gfn, kvm_pfn_t pfn, bool speculative,
bool can_unsync, bool host_writable)
{
u64 spte = 0;
int ret = 0;
struct kvm_mmu_page *sp;
if (set_mmio_spte(vcpu, sptep, gfn, pfn, pte_access))
return 0;
sp = page_header(__pa(sptep));
if (sp_ad_disabled(sp))
spte |= shadow_acc_track_value;
/*
* For the EPT case, shadow_present_mask is 0 if hardware
* supports exec-only page table entries. In that case,
* ACC_USER_MASK and shadow_user_mask are used to represent
* read access. See FNAME(gpte_access) in paging_tmpl.h.
*/
spte |= shadow_present_mask;
if (!speculative)
spte |= spte_shadow_accessed_mask(spte);
if (pte_access & ACC_EXEC_MASK)
spte |= shadow_x_mask;
else
spte |= shadow_nx_mask;
if (pte_access & ACC_USER_MASK)
spte |= shadow_user_mask;
if (level > PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL)
spte |= PT_PAGE_SIZE_MASK;
if (tdp_enabled)
spte |= kvm_x86_ops->get_mt_mask(vcpu, gfn,
kvm_is_mmio_pfn(pfn));
if (host_writable)
spte |= SPTE_HOST_WRITEABLE;
else
pte_access &= ~ACC_WRITE_MASK;
spte |= (u64)pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
spte |= shadow_me_mask;
if (pte_access & ACC_WRITE_MASK) {
/*
* Other vcpu creates new sp in the window between
* mapping_level() and acquiring mmu-lock. We can
* allow guest to retry the access, the mapping can
* be fixed if guest refault.
*/
if (level > PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL &&
mmu_gfn_lpage_is_disallowed(vcpu, gfn, level))
goto done;
spte |= PT_WRITABLE_MASK | SPTE_MMU_WRITEABLE;
/*
* Optimization: for pte sync, if spte was writable the hash
* lookup is unnecessary (and expensive). Write protection
* is responsibility of mmu_get_page / kvm_sync_page.
* Same reasoning can be applied to dirty page accounting.
*/
if (!can_unsync && is_writable_pte(*sptep))
goto set_pte;
if (mmu_need_write_protect(vcpu, gfn, can_unsync)) {
pgprintk("%s: found shadow page for %llx, marking ro\n",
__func__, gfn);
ret = 1;
pte_access &= ~ACC_WRITE_MASK;
spte &= ~(PT_WRITABLE_MASK | SPTE_MMU_WRITEABLE);
}
}
if (pte_access & ACC_WRITE_MASK) {
kvm_vcpu_mark_page_dirty(vcpu, gfn);
spte |= spte_shadow_dirty_mask(spte);
}
if (speculative)
spte = mark_spte_for_access_track(spte);
set_pte:
if (mmu_spte_update(sptep, spte))
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(vcpu->kvm);
done:
return ret;
}
static bool mmu_set_spte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *sptep, unsigned pte_access,
int write_fault, int level, gfn_t gfn, kvm_pfn_t pfn,
bool speculative, bool host_writable)
{
int was_rmapped = 0;
int rmap_count;
bool emulate = false;
pgprintk("%s: spte %llx write_fault %d gfn %llx\n", __func__,
*sptep, write_fault, gfn);
if (is_shadow_present_pte(*sptep)) {
/*
* If we overwrite a PTE page pointer with a 2MB PMD, unlink
* the parent of the now unreachable PTE.
*/
if (level > PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL &&
!is_large_pte(*sptep)) {
struct kvm_mmu_page *child;
u64 pte = *sptep;
child = page_header(pte & PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK);
drop_parent_pte(child, sptep);
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(vcpu->kvm);
} else if (pfn != spte_to_pfn(*sptep)) {
pgprintk("hfn old %llx new %llx\n",
spte_to_pfn(*sptep), pfn);
drop_spte(vcpu->kvm, sptep);
kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(vcpu->kvm