blob: 70d3bc90893f3315a7dff394d57e45c8378e2a54 [file] [log] [blame]
.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
PCI Non-Transparent Bridge (NTB) Endpoint Function (EPF) User Guide
:Author: Frank Li <>
This document is a guide to help users use pci-epf-vntb function driver
and ntb_hw_epf host driver for NTB functionality. The list of steps to
be followed in the host side and EP side is given below. For the hardware
configuration and internals of NTB using configurable endpoints see
Endpoint Device
Endpoint Controller Devices
To find the list of endpoint controller devices in the system::
# ls /sys/class/pci_epc/
# ls /sys/kernel/config/pci_ep/controllers
Endpoint Function Drivers
To find the list of endpoint function drivers in the system::
# ls /sys/bus/pci-epf/drivers
pci_epf_ntb pci_epf_test pci_epf_vntb
# ls /sys/kernel/config/pci_ep/functions
pci_epf_ntb pci_epf_test pci_epf_vntb
Creating pci-epf-vntb Device
PCI endpoint function device can be created using the configfs. To create
pci-epf-vntb device, the following commands can be used::
# mount -t configfs none /sys/kernel/config
# cd /sys/kernel/config/pci_ep/
# mkdir functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1
The "mkdir func1" above creates the pci-epf-ntb function device that will
be probed by pci_epf_vntb driver.
The PCI endpoint framework populates the directory with the following
configurable fields::
# ls functions/pci_epf_ntb/func1
baseclass_code deviceid msi_interrupts pci-epf-ntb.0
progif_code secondary subsys_id vendorid
cache_line_size interrupt_pin msix_interrupts primary
revid subclass_code subsys_vendor_id
The PCI endpoint function driver populates these entries with default values
when the device is bound to the driver. The pci-epf-vntb driver populates
vendorid with 0xffff and interrupt_pin with 0x0001::
# cat functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1/vendorid
# cat functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1/interrupt_pin
Configuring pci-epf-vntb Device
The user can configure the pci-epf-vntb device using its configfs entry. In order
to change the vendorid and the deviceid, the following
commands can be used::
# echo 0x1957 > functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1/vendorid
# echo 0x0809 > functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1/deviceid
The PCI endpoint framework also automatically creates a sub-directory in the
function attribute directory. This sub-directory has the same name as the name
of the function device and is populated with the following NTB specific
attributes that can be configured by the user::
# ls functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1/pci_epf_vntb.0/
db_count mw1 mw2 mw3 mw4 num_mws
A sample configuration for NTB function is given below::
# echo 4 > functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1/pci_epf_vntb.0/db_count
# echo 128 > functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1/pci_epf_vntb.0/spad_count
# echo 1 > functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1/pci_epf_vntb.0/num_mws
# echo 0x100000 > functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1/pci_epf_vntb.0/mw1
A sample configuration for virtual NTB driver for virtual PCI bus::
# echo 0x1957 > functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1/pci_epf_vntb.0/vntb_vid
# echo 0x080A > functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1/pci_epf_vntb.0/vntb_pid
# echo 0x10 > functions/pci_epf_vntb/func1/pci_epf_vntb.0/vbus_number
Binding pci-epf-ntb Device to EP Controller
NTB function device should be attached to PCI endpoint controllers
connected to the host.
# ln -s controllers/5f010000.pcie_ep functions/pci-epf-ntb/func1/primary
Once the above step is completed, the PCI endpoint controllers are ready to
establish a link with the host.
Start the Link
In order for the endpoint device to establish a link with the host, the _start_
field should be populated with '1'. For NTB, both the PCI endpoint controllers
should establish link with the host (imx8 don't need this steps)::
# echo 1 > controllers/5f010000.pcie_ep/start
RootComplex Device
lspci Output at Host side
Note that the devices listed here correspond to the values populated in
"Creating pci-epf-ntb Device" section above::
# lspci
00:00.0 PCI bridge: Freescale Semiconductor Inc Device 0000 (rev 01)
01:00.0 RAM memory: Freescale Semiconductor Inc Device 0809
Endpoint Device / Virtual PCI bus
lspci Output at EP Side / Virtual PCI bus
Note that the devices listed here correspond to the values populated in
"Creating pci-epf-ntb Device" section above::
# lspci
10:00.0 Unassigned class [ffff]: Dawicontrol Computersysteme GmbH Device 1234 (rev ff)
Using ntb_hw_epf Device
The host side software follows the standard NTB software architecture in Linux.
All the existing client side NTB utilities like NTB Transport Client and NTB
Netdev, NTB Ping Pong Test Client and NTB Tool Test Client can be used with NTB
function device.
For more information on NTB see
:doc:`Non-Transparent Bridge <../../driver-api/ntb>`