scsi: async sd resume

async_schedule() sd resume work to allow disks and other devices to
resume in parallel.

This moves the entirety of scsi_device resume to an async context to
ensure that scsi_device_resume() remains ordered with respect to the
completion of the start/stop command.  For the duration of the resume,
new command submissions (that do not originate from the scsi-core) will
be deferred (BLKPREP_DEFER).

It adds a new ASYNC_DOMAIN_EXCLUSIVE(scsi_sd_pm_domain) as a container
of these operations.  Like scsi_sd_probe_domain it is flushed at
sd_remove() time to ensure async ops do not continue past the
end-of-life of the sdev.  The implementation explicitly refrains from
reusing scsi_sd_probe_domain directly for this purpose as it is flushed
at the end of dpm_resume(), potentially defeating some of the benefit.
Given sdevs are quiesced it is permissible for these resume operations
to bleed past the async_synchronize_full() calls made by the driver

We defer the resolution of which pm callback to call until
scsi_dev_type_{suspend|resume} time and guarantee that the callback
parameter is never NULL.  With this in place the type of resume
operation is encoded in the async function identifier.

There is a concern that async resume could trigger PSU overload.  In the
enterprise, storage enclosures enforce staggered spin-up regardless of
what the kernel does making async scanning safe by default.  Outside of
that context a user can disable asynchronous scanning via a kernel
command line or CONFIG_SCSI_SCAN_ASYNC.  Honor that setting when
deciding whether to do resume asynchronously.

Inspired by Todd's analysis and initial proposal [2]:

Cc: Len Brown <>
Cc: Phillip Susi <>
[alan: bug fix and clean up suggestion]
Acked-by: Alan Stern <>
Suggested-by: Todd Brandt <>
[djbw: kick all resume work to the async queue]
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <>
6 files changed