blob: 751c0916d3d3312f6048305db5dddbcbd961dcb1 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* Copyright(c) 2007 Pierre Habouzit. All rights reserved.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
* under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public License as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
* WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* General Public License for more details.
*/
/* originally copied from perf and git */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <util/util.h>
#include <util/strbuf.h>
#include <util/parse-options.h>
#define OPT_SHORT 1
#define OPT_UNSET 2
static int opterror(const struct option *opt, const char *reason, int flags)
{
if (flags & OPT_SHORT)
return error("switch `%c' %s", opt->short_name, reason);
if (flags & OPT_UNSET)
return error("option `no-%s' %s", opt->long_name, reason);
return error("option `%s' %s", opt->long_name, reason);
}
static int get_arg(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *p, const struct option *opt,
int flags, const char **arg)
{
if (p->opt) {
*arg = p->opt;
p->opt = NULL;
} else if ((opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_LASTARG_DEFAULT) && (p->argc == 1 ||
**(p->argv + 1) == '-')) {
*arg = (const char *)opt->defval;
} else if (p->argc > 1) {
p->argc--;
*arg = *++p->argv;
} else
return opterror(opt, "requires a value", flags);
return 0;
}
static int get_value(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *p,
const struct option *opt, int flags)
{
const char *s, *arg = NULL;
const int unset = flags & OPT_UNSET;
if (unset && p->opt)
return opterror(opt, "takes no value", flags);
if (unset && (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_NONEG))
return opterror(opt, "isn't available", flags);
if (!(flags & OPT_SHORT) && p->opt) {
switch (opt->type) {
case OPTION_CALLBACK:
if (!(opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_NOARG))
break;
/* FALLTHROUGH */
case OPTION_BOOLEAN:
case OPTION_INCR:
case OPTION_BIT:
case OPTION_SET_UINT:
case OPTION_SET_PTR:
return opterror(opt, "takes no value", flags);
case OPTION_END:
case OPTION_ARGUMENT:
case OPTION_GROUP:
case OPTION_STRING:
case OPTION_INTEGER:
case OPTION_UINTEGER:
case OPTION_LONG:
case OPTION_U64:
default:
break;
}
}
switch (opt->type) {
case OPTION_BIT:
if (unset)
*(int *)opt->value &= ~opt->defval;
else
*(int *)opt->value |= opt->defval;
return 0;
case OPTION_BOOLEAN:
*(bool *)opt->value = unset ? false : true;
if (opt->set)
*(bool *)opt->set = true;
return 0;
case OPTION_INCR:
*(int *)opt->value = unset ? 0 : *(int *)opt->value + 1;
return 0;
case OPTION_SET_UINT:
*(unsigned int *)opt->value = unset ? 0 : opt->defval;
return 0;
case OPTION_SET_PTR:
*(void **)opt->value = unset ? NULL : (void *)opt->defval;
return 0;
case OPTION_STRING:
if (unset)
*(const char **)opt->value = NULL;
else if (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG && !p->opt)
*(const char **)opt->value = (const char *)opt->defval;
else
return get_arg(p, opt, flags, (const char **)opt->value);
return 0;
case OPTION_CALLBACK:
if (unset)
return (*opt->callback)(opt, NULL, 1) ? (-1) : 0;
if (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_NOARG)
return (*opt->callback)(opt, NULL, 0) ? (-1) : 0;
if (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG && !p->opt)
return (*opt->callback)(opt, NULL, 0) ? (-1) : 0;
if (get_arg(p, opt, flags, &arg))
return -1;
return (*opt->callback)(opt, arg, 0) ? (-1) : 0;
case OPTION_INTEGER:
if (unset) {
*(int *)opt->value = 0;
return 0;
}
if (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG && !p->opt) {
*(int *)opt->value = opt->defval;
return 0;
}
if (get_arg(p, opt, flags, &arg))
return -1;
*(int *)opt->value = strtol(arg, (char **)&s, 10);
if (*s)
return opterror(opt, "expects a numerical value", flags);
return 0;
case OPTION_UINTEGER:
if (unset) {
*(unsigned int *)opt->value = 0;
return 0;
}
if (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG && !p->opt) {
*(unsigned int *)opt->value = opt->defval;
return 0;
}
if (get_arg(p, opt, flags, &arg))
return -1;
*(unsigned int *)opt->value = strtol(arg, (char **)&s, 10);
if (*s)
return opterror(opt, "expects a numerical value", flags);
return 0;
case OPTION_LONG:
if (unset) {
*(long *)opt->value = 0;
return 0;
}
if (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG && !p->opt) {
*(long *)opt->value = opt->defval;
return 0;
}
if (get_arg(p, opt, flags, &arg))
return -1;
*(long *)opt->value = strtol(arg, (char **)&s, 10);
if (*s)
return opterror(opt, "expects a numerical value", flags);
return 0;
case OPTION_U64:
if (unset) {
*(uint64_t *)opt->value = 0;
return 0;
}
if (opt->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG && !p->opt) {
*(uint64_t *)opt->value = opt->defval;
return 0;
}
if (get_arg(p, opt, flags, &arg))
return -1;
*(uint64_t *)opt->value = strtoull(arg, (char **)&s, 10);
if (*s)
return opterror(opt, "expects a numerical value", flags);
return 0;
case OPTION_END:
case OPTION_ARGUMENT:
case OPTION_GROUP:
default:
die("should not happen, someone must be hit on the forehead");
}
}
static int parse_short_opt(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *p, const struct option *options)
{
for (; options->type != OPTION_END; options++) {
if (options->short_name == *p->opt) {
p->opt = p->opt[1] ? p->opt + 1 : NULL;
return get_value(p, options, OPT_SHORT);
}
}
return -2;
}
static int parse_long_opt(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *p, const char *arg,
const struct option *options)
{
const char *arg_end = strchr(arg, '=');
const struct option *abbrev_option = NULL, *ambiguous_option = NULL;
int abbrev_flags = 0, ambiguous_flags = 0;
if (!arg_end)
arg_end = arg + strlen(arg);
for (; options->type != OPTION_END; options++) {
const char *rest;
int flags = 0;
if (!options->long_name)
continue;
rest = skip_prefix(arg, options->long_name);
if (options->type == OPTION_ARGUMENT) {
if (!rest)
continue;
if (*rest == '=')
return opterror(options, "takes no value", flags);
if (*rest)
continue;
p->out[p->cpidx++] = arg - 2;
return 0;
}
if (!rest) {
if (!prefixcmp(options->long_name, "no-")) {
/*
* The long name itself starts with "no-", so
* accept the option without "no-" so that users
* do not have to enter "no-no-" to get the
* negation.
*/
rest = skip_prefix(arg, options->long_name + 3);
if (rest) {
flags |= OPT_UNSET;
goto match;
}
/* Abbreviated case */
if (!prefixcmp(options->long_name + 3, arg)) {
flags |= OPT_UNSET;
goto is_abbreviated;
}
}
/* abbreviated? */
if (!strncmp(options->long_name, arg, arg_end - arg)) {
is_abbreviated:
if (abbrev_option) {
/*
* If this is abbreviated, it is
* ambiguous. So when there is no
* exact match later, we need to
* error out.
*/
ambiguous_option = abbrev_option;
ambiguous_flags = abbrev_flags;
}
if (!(flags & OPT_UNSET) && *arg_end)
p->opt = arg_end + 1;
abbrev_option = options;
abbrev_flags = flags;
continue;
}
/* negated and abbreviated very much? */
if (!prefixcmp("no-", arg)) {
flags |= OPT_UNSET;
goto is_abbreviated;
}
/* negated? */
if (strncmp(arg, "no-", 3))
continue;
flags |= OPT_UNSET;
rest = skip_prefix(arg + 3, options->long_name);
/* abbreviated and negated? */
if (!rest && !prefixcmp(options->long_name, arg + 3))
goto is_abbreviated;
if (!rest)
continue;
}
match:
if (*rest) {
if (*rest != '=')
continue;
p->opt = rest + 1;
}
return get_value(p, options, flags);
}
if (ambiguous_option)
return error("Ambiguous option: %s "
"(could be --%s%s or --%s%s)",
arg,
(ambiguous_flags & OPT_UNSET) ? "no-" : "",
ambiguous_option->long_name,
(abbrev_flags & OPT_UNSET) ? "no-" : "",
abbrev_option->long_name);
if (abbrev_option)
return get_value(p, abbrev_option, abbrev_flags);
return -2;
}
static void check_typos(const char *arg, const struct option *options)
{
if (strlen(arg) < 3)
return;
if (!prefixcmp(arg, "no-")) {
error ("did you mean `--%s` (with two dashes ?)", arg);
exit(129);
}
for (; options->type != OPTION_END; options++) {
if (!options->long_name)
continue;
if (!prefixcmp(options->long_name, arg)) {
error ("did you mean `--%s` (with two dashes ?)", arg);
exit(129);
}
}
}
void parse_options_start(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *ctx,
int argc, const char **argv, int flags)
{
memset(ctx, 0, sizeof(*ctx));
ctx->argc = argc - 1;
ctx->argv = argv + 1;
ctx->out = argv;
ctx->cpidx = ((flags & PARSE_OPT_KEEP_ARGV0) != 0);
ctx->flags = flags;
if ((flags & PARSE_OPT_KEEP_UNKNOWN) &&
(flags & PARSE_OPT_STOP_AT_NON_OPTION))
die("STOP_AT_NON_OPTION and KEEP_UNKNOWN don't go together");
}
static int usage_with_options_internal(const char * const *,
const struct option *, int);
int parse_options_step(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *ctx,
const struct option *options,
const char * const usagestr[])
{
int internal_help = !(ctx->flags & PARSE_OPT_NO_INTERNAL_HELP);
/* we must reset ->opt, unknown short option leave it dangling */
ctx->opt = NULL;
for (; ctx->argc; ctx->argc--, ctx->argv++) {
const char *arg = ctx->argv[0];
if (*arg != '-' || !arg[1]) {
if (ctx->flags & PARSE_OPT_STOP_AT_NON_OPTION)
break;
ctx->out[ctx->cpidx++] = ctx->argv[0];
continue;
}
if (arg[1] != '-') {
ctx->opt = arg + 1;
if (internal_help && *ctx->opt == 'h')
return usage_with_options_internal(usagestr, options, 0);
switch (parse_short_opt(ctx, options)) {
case -1:
return parse_options_usage(usagestr, options, arg + 1, 1);
case -2:
goto unknown;
default:
break;
}
if (ctx->opt)
check_typos(arg + 1, options);
while (ctx->opt) {
if (internal_help && *ctx->opt == 'h')
return usage_with_options_internal(usagestr, options, 0);
arg = ctx->opt;
switch (parse_short_opt(ctx, options)) {
case -1:
return parse_options_usage(usagestr, options, arg, 1);
case -2:
/* fake a short option thing to hide the fact that we may have
* started to parse aggregated stuff
*
* This is leaky, too bad.
*/
ctx->argv[0] = strdup(ctx->opt - 1);
*(char *)ctx->argv[0] = '-';
goto unknown;
default:
break;
}
}
continue;
}
if (!arg[2]) { /* "--" */
if (!(ctx->flags & PARSE_OPT_KEEP_DASHDASH)) {
ctx->argc--;
ctx->argv++;
}
break;
}
if (internal_help && !strcmp(arg + 2, "help-all"))
return usage_with_options_internal(usagestr, options, 1);
if (internal_help && !strcmp(arg + 2, "help"))
return usage_with_options_internal(usagestr, options, 0);
if (!strcmp(arg + 2, "list-opts"))
return PARSE_OPT_LIST_OPTS;
if (!strcmp(arg + 2, "list-cmds"))
return PARSE_OPT_LIST_SUBCMDS;
switch (parse_long_opt(ctx, arg + 2, options)) {
case -1:
return parse_options_usage(usagestr, options, arg + 2, 0);
case -2:
goto unknown;
default:
break;
}
continue;
unknown:
if (!(ctx->flags & PARSE_OPT_KEEP_UNKNOWN))
return PARSE_OPT_UNKNOWN;
ctx->out[ctx->cpidx++] = ctx->argv[0];
ctx->opt = NULL;
}
return PARSE_OPT_DONE;
}
int parse_options_end(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *ctx)
{
memmove(ctx->out + ctx->cpidx, ctx->argv, ctx->argc * sizeof(*ctx->out));
ctx->out[ctx->cpidx + ctx->argc] = NULL;
return ctx->cpidx + ctx->argc;
}
int parse_options_subcommand(int argc, const char **argv, const struct option *options,
const char *const subcommands[], const char *usagestr[], int flags)
{
struct parse_opt_ctx_t ctx;
/* build usage string if it's not provided */
if (subcommands && !usagestr[0]) {
struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
strbuf_addf(&buf, "ndctl %s [<options>] {", argv[0]);
for (int i = 0; subcommands[i]; i++) {
if (i)
strbuf_addstr(&buf, "|");
strbuf_addstr(&buf, subcommands[i]);
}
strbuf_addstr(&buf, "}");
usagestr[0] = strdup(buf.buf);
strbuf_release(&buf);
}
parse_options_start(&ctx, argc, argv, flags);
switch (parse_options_step(&ctx, options, usagestr)) {
case PARSE_OPT_HELP:
exit(129);
case PARSE_OPT_DONE:
break;
case PARSE_OPT_LIST_OPTS:
while (options->type != OPTION_END) {
printf("--%s ", options->long_name);
options++;
}
exit(130);
case PARSE_OPT_LIST_SUBCMDS:
if (subcommands)
for (int i = 0; subcommands[i]; i++)
printf("%s ", subcommands[i]);
exit(130);
default: /* PARSE_OPT_UNKNOWN */
if (ctx.argv[0][1] == '-') {
error("unknown option `%s'", ctx.argv[0] + 2);
} else {
error("unknown switch `%c'", *ctx.opt);
}
usage_with_options(usagestr, options);
}
return parse_options_end(&ctx);
}
int parse_options(int argc, const char **argv, const struct option *options,
const char * const usagestr[], int flags)
{
return parse_options_subcommand(argc, argv, options, NULL,
(const char **) usagestr, flags);
}
#define USAGE_OPTS_WIDTH 24
#define USAGE_GAP 2
static void print_option_help(const struct option *opts, int full)
{
size_t pos;
int pad;
if (opts->type == OPTION_GROUP) {
fputc('\n', stderr);
if (*opts->help)
fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", opts->help);
return;
}
if (!full && (opts->flags & PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN))
return;
pos = fprintf(stderr, " ");
if (opts->short_name)
pos += fprintf(stderr, "-%c", opts->short_name);
else
pos += fprintf(stderr, " ");
if (opts->long_name && opts->short_name)
pos += fprintf(stderr, ", ");
if (opts->long_name)
pos += fprintf(stderr, "--%s", opts->long_name);
switch (opts->type) {
case OPTION_ARGUMENT:
break;
case OPTION_LONG:
case OPTION_U64:
case OPTION_INTEGER:
case OPTION_UINTEGER:
if (opts->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG)
if (opts->long_name)
pos += fprintf(stderr, "[=<n>]");
else
pos += fprintf(stderr, "[<n>]");
else
pos += fprintf(stderr, " <n>");
break;
case OPTION_CALLBACK:
if (opts->flags & PARSE_OPT_NOARG)
break;
/* FALLTHROUGH */
case OPTION_STRING:
if (opts->argh) {
if (opts->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG)
if (opts->long_name)
pos += fprintf(stderr, "[=<%s>]", opts->argh);
else
pos += fprintf(stderr, "[<%s>]", opts->argh);
else
pos += fprintf(stderr, " <%s>", opts->argh);
} else {
if (opts->flags & PARSE_OPT_OPTARG)
if (opts->long_name)
pos += fprintf(stderr, "[=...]");
else
pos += fprintf(stderr, "[...]");
else
pos += fprintf(stderr, " ...");
}
break;
default: /* OPTION_{BIT,BOOLEAN,SET_UINT,SET_PTR} */
case OPTION_END:
case OPTION_GROUP:
case OPTION_BIT:
case OPTION_BOOLEAN:
case OPTION_INCR:
case OPTION_SET_UINT:
case OPTION_SET_PTR:
break;
}
if (pos <= USAGE_OPTS_WIDTH)
pad = USAGE_OPTS_WIDTH - pos;
else {
fputc('\n', stderr);
pad = USAGE_OPTS_WIDTH;
}
fprintf(stderr, "%*s%s\n", pad + USAGE_GAP, "", opts->help);
}
int usage_with_options_internal(const char * const *usagestr,
const struct option *opts, int full)
{
if (!usagestr)
return PARSE_OPT_HELP;
fprintf(stderr, "\n usage: %s\n", *usagestr++);
while (*usagestr && **usagestr)
fprintf(stderr, " or: %s\n", *usagestr++);
while (*usagestr) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s%s\n",
**usagestr ? " " : "",
*usagestr);
usagestr++;
}
if (opts->type != OPTION_GROUP)
fputc('\n', stderr);
for ( ; opts->type != OPTION_END; opts++)
print_option_help(opts, full);
fputc('\n', stderr);
return PARSE_OPT_HELP;
}
void usage_with_options(const char * const *usagestr,
const struct option *opts)
{
usage_with_options_internal(usagestr, opts, 0);
exit(129);
}
int parse_options_usage(const char * const *usagestr,
const struct option *opts,
const char *optstr, bool short_opt)
{
if (!usagestr)
goto opt;
fprintf(stderr, "\n usage: %s\n", *usagestr++);
while (*usagestr && **usagestr)
fprintf(stderr, " or: %s\n", *usagestr++);
while (*usagestr) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s%s\n",
**usagestr ? " " : "",
*usagestr);
usagestr++;
}
fputc('\n', stderr);
opt:
for ( ; opts->type != OPTION_END; opts++) {
if (short_opt) {
if (opts->short_name == *optstr)
break;
continue;
}
if (opts->long_name == NULL)
continue;
if (!prefixcmp(optstr, opts->long_name))
break;
if (!prefixcmp(optstr, "no-") &&
!prefixcmp(optstr + 3, opts->long_name))
break;
}
if (opts->type != OPTION_END)
print_option_help(opts, 0);
return PARSE_OPT_HELP;
}
int parse_opt_verbosity_cb(const struct option *opt,
const char *arg __maybe_unused,
int unset)
{
int *target = opt->value;
if (unset)
/* --no-quiet, --no-verbose */
*target = 0;
else if (opt->short_name == 'v') {
if (*target >= 0)
(*target)++;
else
*target = 1;
} else {
if (*target <= 0)
(*target)--;
else
*target = -1;
}
return 0;
}