dax: add support for fsync/sync

To properly handle fsync/msync in an efficient way DAX needs to track
dirty pages so it is able to flush them durably to media on demand.

The tracking of dirty pages is done via the radix tree in struct
address_space.  This radix tree is already used by the page writeback
infrastructure for tracking dirty pages associated with an open file,
and it already has support for exceptional (non struct page*) entries.
We build upon these features to add exceptional entries to the radix
tree for DAX dirty PMD or PTE pages at fault time.

[dan.j.williams@intel.com: fix dax_pmd_dbg build warning]
Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: "J. Bruce Fields" <bfields@fieldses.org>
Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@dilger.ca>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com>
Cc: Jeff Layton <jlayton@poochiereds.net>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 files changed