The libnvdimm sub-system introduces, in addition to the libnvdimm-core,
4 drivers / enabling modules:

NFIT:
Instantiates an "nvdimm bus" with the core and registers memory devices
(NVDIMMs) enumerated by the ACPI 6.0 NFIT (NVDIMM Firmware Interface
table).  After registering NVDIMMs the NFIT driver then registers
"region" devices.  A libnvdimm-region defines an access mode and the
boundaries of persistent memory media.  A region may span multiple
NVDIMMs that are interleaved by the hardware memory controller.  In
turn, a libnvdimm-region can be carved into a "namespace" device and
bound to the PMEM or BLK driver which will attach a Linux block device
(disk) interface to the memory.

PMEM:
Initially merged in v4.1 this driver for contiguous spans of persistent
memory address ranges is re-worked to drive PMEM-namespaces emitted by
the libnvdimm-core.  In this update the PMEM driver, on x86, gains the
ability to assert that writes to persistent memory have been flushed all
the way through the caches and buffers in the platform to persistent
media.  See memcpy_to_pmem() and wmb_pmem().

BLK:
This new driver enables access to persistent memory media through "Block
Data Windows" as defined by the NFIT.  The primary difference of this
driver to PMEM is that only a small window of persistent memory is
mapped into system address space at any given point in time.  Per-NVDIMM
windows are reprogrammed at run time, per-I/O, to access different
portions of the media.  BLK-mode, by definition, does not support DAX.

BTT:
This is a library, optionally consumed by either PMEM or BLK, that
converts a byte-accessible namespace into a disk with atomic sector
update semantics (prevents sector tearing on crash or power loss).  The
sinister aspect of sector tearing is that most applications do not know
they have a atomic sector dependency.  At least today's disk's rarely
ever tear sectors and if they do one almost certainly gets a CRC error
on access.  NVDIMMs will always tear and always silently.  Until an
application is audited to be robust in the presence of sector-tearing
the usage of BTT is recommended.

Thanks to: Ross Zwisler, Jeff Moyer, Vishal Verma, Christoph Hellwig,
Ingo Molnar, Neil Brown, Boaz Harrosh, Robert Elliott, Matthew Wilcox,
Andy Rudoff, Linda Knippers, Toshi Kani, Nicholas Moulin, Rafael
Wysocki, and Bob Moore.
-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----
Version: GnuPG v1
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=VtWG
-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
arch, x86: pmem api for ensuring durability of persistent memory updates

Based on an original patch by Ross Zwisler [1].

Writes to persistent memory have the potential to be posted to cpu
cache, cpu write buffers, and platform write buffers (memory controller)
before being committed to persistent media.  Provide apis,
memcpy_to_pmem(), wmb_pmem(), and memremap_pmem(), to write data to
pmem and assert that it is durable in PMEM (a persistent linear address
range).  A '__pmem' attribute is added so sparse can track proper usage
of pointers to pmem.

This continues the status quo of pmem being x86 only for 4.2, but
reworks to ioremap, and wider implementation of memremap() will enable
other archs in 4.3.

[1]: https://lists.01.org/pipermail/linux-nvdimm/2015-May/000932.html

Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
[djbw: various reworks]
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
7 files changed