xfs: improve xfarray quicksort pivot

Now that we have the means to do insertion sorts of small in-memory
subsets of an xfarray, use it to improve the quicksort pivot algorithm
by reading 7 records into memory and finding the median of that.  This
should prevent bad partitioning when a[lo] and a[hi] end up next to each
other in the final sort, which can happen when sorting for cntbt repair
when the free space is extremely fragmented (e.g. generic/176).

This doesn't speed up the average quicksort run by much, but it will
(hopefully) avoid the quadratic time collapse for which quicksort is

Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Kent Overstreet <kent.overstreet@linux.dev>
Reviewed-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com>
2 files changed