Merge tag 'riscv-for-linus-4.15-arch-v9-premerge' of git://

Pull RISC-V architecture support from Palmer Dabbelt:
 "This contains the core RISC-V Linux port, which has been through nine
  rounds of review on various mailing lists. The port is not complete:
  there's some cleanup patches moving through the review process, a
  whole bunch of drivers that need some work, and a lot of feature
  additions that will be needed.

  The patches contained in this tag have been through nine rounds of
  review on the various mailing lists. I have some outstanding cleanup
  patches, but since there's been so much review on these patches I
  thought it would be best to submit them as-is and then submit explicit
  cleanup patches so everyone can review them. This first patch set is
  big enough that it's a bit of a pain to constantly rewrite, and it's
  caused a few headaches with various contributors.

  The port is definately a work in progress. While what's there builds
  and boots with 4.14, it's a bit hard to actually see anything happen
  because there are no device drivers yet. I maintain a staging branch
  that contains all the device drivers and cleanup that actually works,
  but those patches won't all be ready for a while. I'd like to get what
  we currently have into your tree so everyone can start working from a
  single base -- of particular importance is allowing the glibc
  upstreaming process to proceed so we can sort out any possibly
  lingering user-visible ABI problems we might have.

  Copied below is the ChangeLog that contains the history of this patch

   (v9) As per suggestions on our v8 patch set, I've split the core
        architecture code out from our drivers and would like to submit
        this patch set to be included into linux-next, with the goal
        being to be merged in during the next merge window. This patch
        set is based on 4.14-rc2, but if it's better to have it based on
        something else then I can change it around.

        This patch set contains just the core arch code for RISC-V, so
        while it builds an nominally boots, you can't print or take an
        interrupt so it's not that useful. If you're looking to actually
        boot a system it would probably be better to use the full patch
        set listed below.

        We've collected a handful of tags from reviewers, and the
        remainder of the patch set only got minimal feedback last time.
        Here's what changed:

         - We now use the device tree to initialize the timer driver so
           it's less tighly coupled with the arch port.

         - I cleaned up the defconfigs -- there's actually now just one,
           and it's empty. For now I think we're OK with what the kernel
           sets as defaults, but I anticipate we'll begin to expand this
           as people start to use the port more.

         - The VDSO symbols version is sane.

         - We WFI while spinning in the boot loop.

         - A handful of comments have been added.

        While there are still a handful of FIXMEs in this patch set,
        we've started to get enough interest from various users and
        contributors that maintaining an out of tree patch set is
        starting to become a big burden. Hopefully the patches are good
        enough to merge now, which will at least get everyone working in
        a more reasonable manner as we clean up the remaining issues.

   (v8) I know it may not be the ideal time to submit a patch set right
        now, as it's the middle of the merge window, but things have
        calmed down quite a bit in the last month so I thought it would
        be good to get everyone on the same page. There's been a handful
        of changes since the last patch set, but most of them are fairly

         - We changed PAGE_OFFSET to allowing mapping more physical
           memory on 64-bit systems. This is user configurable, as it
           triggers a different code model that generates slightly less
           efficient code.

         - The device tree binding documentation is back, I'd managed to
           lose it at some point.

         - We now pass the atomic64 test suite

         - The SBI timer driver has been refactored.

   (v7) It's been a while since my last patch set, but the changes han
        been fairly minimal:

         - The PCI cleanup patches have been dropped, we'll do them as a
           separate patch set later.

         - We've the Kconfig entries from CONFIG_ISA_* to
           CONFIG_RISCV_ISA_*, to make grep easier.

         - There have been a handful of memory model related tweaks in
           I/O land, particularly relating the PCI and the upcoming
           platform specification. There are significant comments in the
           relevant files. This is still a WIP, but I think we're close
           to getting as good as we're going to get until we end up with
           some more specifications.

   (v6) As it's been only a day since the v5 patch set, the changes are
        pretty minimal:

         - The patch set is now based on linux-next/master, which I
           believe is a better base now that we're getting closer to

         - EARLY_PRINTK is no longer an option. Since the SBI console is
           reasonable, there's no penalty to enabling it (and thus no
           benefit to disabling it).

         - The mmap syscalls were refactored a bit.

   (v5) Things have really started to calm down, so this is fairly
        similar to the v4 patch set. The most interesting changes

         - We've moved back to a single patch set.

         - SMP support has been fixed, I was accidentally running on a
           non-SMP configuration. There were various mistakes all over
           the tree as a result of this.

         - The cmpxchg syscalls have been removed, as they were deemed a
           bad idea. As a result, RISC-V Linux systems mandate the A
           extension. The corresponding Kconfig entry to enable builds
           on non-A systems has been removed.

         - A few more atomic fixes: mostly fence changes, but those
           resulted in a handful of additional macros that were no
           longer necessary.

         - riscv_early_sie has been removed.

   (v4) There have only been a few changes since the v3 patch set:

         - The cmpxchg64 syscall is no longer enabled on 32-bit systems.
           It's not possible to provide this on SMP systems, and it's
           not necessary as glibc knows not to call it.

         - We provide a ELF_HWCAP so users can determine the ISA of the
           machine the kernel is running on.

         - The multi-line comments are in a better form.

         - There were a handful of headers that could be replaced with
           the asm-generic versions, and a few unnecessary definitions.

         - We no longer use printk, but instead use pr_*.

         - A few Kconfig and defconfig entries have been cleaned up.

   (v3) A highlight of the changes since the v2 patch set includes:

         - We've split out all our drivers into separate patch sets,
           which I've already sent out to the relevant maintainers. I
           haven't included those patches in this patch set, but some of
           them are necessary to build our port.

         - The patch set is now split up differently: rather than being
           split per directory it is split per topic. Hopefully this
           will make it easier to review the port on the mailing list.
           The split is a bit rough, so you probably still want to look
           at the patch set as a whole.

         - atomic.h has been completely rewritten and is hopefully now
           correct. I've attempted to sanitize the various other memory
           model related code as well, and I think it should all be sane
           now aside from a handful of FIXMEs commented in the code.

         - We've changed the cmpexchg syscall to always exist and to not
           be multiplexed. There is also a VDSO entry for compare and
           exchange, which allows kernels with the A extension to
           execute user code without the A extension reasonably fast.

         - Our user-visible register state now contains enough space for
           the Q extension for 128-bit floating point, as well as a few
           words to allow extensibility to future ISA extensions like
           the eventual V extension for vectors.

         - A handful of driver cleanups, but these have been split into
           separate patch sets now so I won't duplicate them here.

   (v2) A highlight of the changes since the v1 patch set includes:

         - We've split out our drivers into the right places, which
           means now there's a lot more patches. I'll be submitting
           these patches to various subsystem maintainers and including
           them in any future RISC-V patch sets until they've been

         - The SBI console driver has been completely rewritten to use
           the HVC helpers and is now significantly smaller.

         - We've begun to use weaker barriers as opposed to just the big
           "fence". There's still some work to do here, specifically:
            - We need fences in the relaxed MMIO functions.
            - The non-relaxed MMIO functions are missing R/W bits on their fences.
            - Many AMOs need the aq and rl bits set.

         - We now have thread_info in task_struct. As a result, sscratch
           now contains TP instead of SP. This was necessary because
           thread_info is no longer on the stack.

         - A few shared routines have been added that we use instead of
           creating another arch copy"

Reviewed-by: Arnd Bergmann <>

* tag 'riscv-for-linus-4.15-arch-v9-premerge' of git://
  RISC-V: Build Infrastructure
  RISC-V: User-facing API
  RISC-V: Paging and MMU
  RISC-V: Device, timer, IRQs, and the SBI
  RISC-V: Task implementation
  RISC-V: ELF and module implementation
  RISC-V: Generic library routines and assembly
  RISC-V: Atomic and Locking Code
  RISC-V: Init and Halt Code
  dt-bindings: RISC-V CPU Bindings
  lib: Add shared copies of some GCC library routines