Merge tag 'riscv-for-linus-4.15-arch-v9-premerge' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/palmer/linux
Pull RISC-V architecture support from Palmer Dabbelt:
"This contains the core RISC-V Linux port, which has been through nine
rounds of review on various mailing lists. The port is not complete:
there's some cleanup patches moving through the review process, a
whole bunch of drivers that need some work, and a lot of feature
additions that will be needed.
The patches contained in this tag have been through nine rounds of
review on the various mailing lists. I have some outstanding cleanup
patches, but since there's been so much review on these patches I
thought it would be best to submit them as-is and then submit explicit
cleanup patches so everyone can review them. This first patch set is
big enough that it's a bit of a pain to constantly rewrite, and it's
caused a few headaches with various contributors.
The port is definately a work in progress. While what's there builds
and boots with 4.14, it's a bit hard to actually see anything happen
because there are no device drivers yet. I maintain a staging branch
that contains all the device drivers and cleanup that actually works,
but those patches won't all be ready for a while. I'd like to get what
we currently have into your tree so everyone can start working from a
single base -- of particular importance is allowing the glibc
upstreaming process to proceed so we can sort out any possibly
lingering user-visible ABI problems we might have.
Copied below is the ChangeLog that contains the history of this patch
(v9) As per suggestions on our v8 patch set, I've split the core
architecture code out from our drivers and would like to submit
this patch set to be included into linux-next, with the goal
being to be merged in during the next merge window. This patch
set is based on 4.14-rc2, but if it's better to have it based on
something else then I can change it around.
This patch set contains just the core arch code for RISC-V, so
while it builds an nominally boots, you can't print or take an
interrupt so it's not that useful. If you're looking to actually
boot a system it would probably be better to use the full patch
set listed below.
We've collected a handful of tags from reviewers, and the
remainder of the patch set only got minimal feedback last time.
Here's what changed:
- We now use the device tree to initialize the timer driver so
it's less tighly coupled with the arch port.
- I cleaned up the defconfigs -- there's actually now just one,
and it's empty. For now I think we're OK with what the kernel
sets as defaults, but I anticipate we'll begin to expand this
as people start to use the port more.
- The VDSO symbols version is sane.
- We WFI while spinning in the boot loop.
- A handful of comments have been added.
While there are still a handful of FIXMEs in this patch set,
we've started to get enough interest from various users and
contributors that maintaining an out of tree patch set is
starting to become a big burden. Hopefully the patches are good
enough to merge now, which will at least get everyone working in
a more reasonable manner as we clean up the remaining issues.
(v8) I know it may not be the ideal time to submit a patch set right
now, as it's the middle of the merge window, but things have
calmed down quite a bit in the last month so I thought it would
be good to get everyone on the same page. There's been a handful
of changes since the last patch set, but most of them are fairly
- We changed PAGE_OFFSET to allowing mapping more physical
memory on 64-bit systems. This is user configurable, as it
triggers a different code model that generates slightly less
- The device tree binding documentation is back, I'd managed to
lose it at some point.
- We now pass the atomic64 test suite
- The SBI timer driver has been refactored.
(v7) It's been a while since my last patch set, but the changes han
been fairly minimal:
- The PCI cleanup patches have been dropped, we'll do them as a
separate patch set later.
- We've the Kconfig entries from CONFIG_ISA_* to
CONFIG_RISCV_ISA_*, to make grep easier.
- There have been a handful of memory model related tweaks in
I/O land, particularly relating the PCI and the upcoming
platform specification. There are significant comments in the
relevant files. This is still a WIP, but I think we're close
to getting as good as we're going to get until we end up with
some more specifications.
(v6) As it's been only a day since the v5 patch set, the changes are
- The patch set is now based on linux-next/master, which I
believe is a better base now that we're getting closer to
- EARLY_PRINTK is no longer an option. Since the SBI console is
reasonable, there's no penalty to enabling it (and thus no
benefit to disabling it).
- The mmap syscalls were refactored a bit.
(v5) Things have really started to calm down, so this is fairly
similar to the v4 patch set. The most interesting changes
- We've moved back to a single patch set.
- SMP support has been fixed, I was accidentally running on a
non-SMP configuration. There were various mistakes all over
the tree as a result of this.
- The cmpxchg syscalls have been removed, as they were deemed a
bad idea. As a result, RISC-V Linux systems mandate the A
extension. The corresponding Kconfig entry to enable builds
on non-A systems has been removed.
- A few more atomic fixes: mostly fence changes, but those
resulted in a handful of additional macros that were no
- riscv_early_sie has been removed.
(v4) There have only been a few changes since the v3 patch set:
- The cmpxchg64 syscall is no longer enabled on 32-bit systems.
It's not possible to provide this on SMP systems, and it's
not necessary as glibc knows not to call it.
- We provide a ELF_HWCAP so users can determine the ISA of the
machine the kernel is running on.
- The multi-line comments are in a better form.
- There were a handful of headers that could be replaced with
the asm-generic versions, and a few unnecessary definitions.
- We no longer use printk, but instead use pr_*.
- A few Kconfig and defconfig entries have been cleaned up.
(v3) A highlight of the changes since the v2 patch set includes:
- We've split out all our drivers into separate patch sets,
which I've already sent out to the relevant maintainers. I
haven't included those patches in this patch set, but some of
them are necessary to build our port.
- The patch set is now split up differently: rather than being
split per directory it is split per topic. Hopefully this
will make it easier to review the port on the mailing list.
The split is a bit rough, so you probably still want to look
at the patch set as a whole.
- atomic.h has been completely rewritten and is hopefully now
correct. I've attempted to sanitize the various other memory
model related code as well, and I think it should all be sane
now aside from a handful of FIXMEs commented in the code.
- We've changed the cmpexchg syscall to always exist and to not
be multiplexed. There is also a VDSO entry for compare and
exchange, which allows kernels with the A extension to
execute user code without the A extension reasonably fast.
- Our user-visible register state now contains enough space for
the Q extension for 128-bit floating point, as well as a few
words to allow extensibility to future ISA extensions like
the eventual V extension for vectors.
- A handful of driver cleanups, but these have been split into
separate patch sets now so I won't duplicate them here.
(v2) A highlight of the changes since the v1 patch set includes:
- We've split out our drivers into the right places, which
means now there's a lot more patches. I'll be submitting
these patches to various subsystem maintainers and including
them in any future RISC-V patch sets until they've been
- The SBI console driver has been completely rewritten to use
the HVC helpers and is now significantly smaller.
- We've begun to use weaker barriers as opposed to just the big
"fence". There's still some work to do here, specifically:
- We need fences in the relaxed MMIO functions.
- The non-relaxed MMIO functions are missing R/W bits on their fences.
- Many AMOs need the aq and rl bits set.
- We now have thread_info in task_struct. As a result, sscratch
now contains TP instead of SP. This was necessary because
thread_info is no longer on the stack.
- A few shared routines have been added that we use instead of
creating another arch copy"
Reviewed-by: Arnd Bergmann <firstname.lastname@example.org>
* tag 'riscv-for-linus-4.15-arch-v9-premerge' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/palmer/linux:
RISC-V: Build Infrastructure
RISC-V: User-facing API
RISC-V: Paging and MMU
RISC-V: Device, timer, IRQs, and the SBI
RISC-V: Task implementation
RISC-V: ELF and module implementation
RISC-V: Generic library routines and assembly
RISC-V: Atomic and Locking Code
RISC-V: Init and Halt Code
dt-bindings: RISC-V CPU Bindings
lib: Add shared copies of some GCC library routines
MAINTAINERS: Add RISC-V