blob: 2508a4f238a3f3b2e41dd78502a5a653f57c221b [file] [log] [blame]
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/*
* linux/kernel/fork.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
*/
/*
* 'fork.c' contains the help-routines for the 'fork' system call
* (see also entry.S and others).
* Fork is rather simple, once you get the hang of it, but the memory
* management can be a bitch. See 'mm/memory.c': 'copy_page_range()'
*/
#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/sched/autogroup.h>
#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
#include <linux/sched/coredump.h>
#include <linux/sched/user.h>
#include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h>
#include <linux/sched/stat.h>
#include <linux/sched/task.h>
#include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
#include <linux/sched/cputime.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/rtmutex.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/mempolicy.h>
#include <linux/sem.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/fdtable.h>
#include <linux/iocontext.h>
#include <linux/key.h>
#include <linux/binfmts.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/vmacache.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/cgroup.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/seccomp.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/futex.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
#include <linux/ftrace.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/profile.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/ksm.h>
#include <linux/acct.h>
#include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h>
#include <linux/tsacct_kern.h>
#include <linux/cn_proc.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/delayacct.h>
#include <linux/taskstats_kern.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/fs_struct.h>
#include <linux/magic.h>
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
#include <linux/posix-timers.h>
#include <linux/user-return-notifier.h>
#include <linux/oom.h>
#include <linux/khugepaged.h>
#include <linux/signalfd.h>
#include <linux/uprobes.h>
#include <linux/aio.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
#include <linux/kcov.h>
#include <linux/livepatch.h>
#include <linux/thread_info.h>
#include <linux/stackleak.h>
#include <linux/kasan.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <trace/events/sched.h>
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/task.h>
/*
* Minimum number of threads to boot the kernel
*/
#define MIN_THREADS 20
/*
* Maximum number of threads
*/
#define MAX_THREADS FUTEX_TID_MASK
/*
* Protected counters by write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock)
*/
unsigned long total_forks; /* Handle normal Linux uptimes. */
int nr_threads; /* The idle threads do not count.. */
static int max_threads; /* tunable limit on nr_threads */
#define NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(x) [x] = __stringify(x)
static const char * const resident_page_types[] = {
NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(MM_FILEPAGES),
NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(MM_ANONPAGES),
NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(MM_SWAPENTS),
NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(MM_SHMEMPAGES),
};
DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, process_counts) = 0;
__cacheline_aligned DEFINE_RWLOCK(tasklist_lock); /* outer */
#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU
int lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held(void)
{
return lockdep_is_held(&tasklist_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held);
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */
int nr_processes(void)
{
int cpu;
int total = 0;
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
total += per_cpu(process_counts, cpu);
return total;
}
void __weak arch_release_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
}
#ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR
static struct kmem_cache *task_struct_cachep;
static inline struct task_struct *alloc_task_struct_node(int node)
{
return kmem_cache_alloc_node(task_struct_cachep, GFP_KERNEL, node);
}
static inline void free_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
kmem_cache_free(task_struct_cachep, tsk);
}
#endif
#ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_THREAD_STACK_ALLOCATOR
/*
* Allocate pages if THREAD_SIZE is >= PAGE_SIZE, otherwise use a
* kmemcache based allocator.
*/
# if THREAD_SIZE >= PAGE_SIZE || defined(CONFIG_VMAP_STACK)
#ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
/*
* vmalloc() is a bit slow, and calling vfree() enough times will force a TLB
* flush. Try to minimize the number of calls by caching stacks.
*/
#define NR_CACHED_STACKS 2
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vm_struct *, cached_stacks[NR_CACHED_STACKS]);
static int free_vm_stack_cache(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct vm_struct **cached_vm_stacks = per_cpu_ptr(cached_stacks, cpu);
int i;
for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) {
struct vm_struct *vm_stack = cached_vm_stacks[i];
if (!vm_stack)
continue;
vfree(vm_stack->addr);
cached_vm_stacks[i] = NULL;
}
return 0;
}
#endif
static unsigned long *alloc_thread_stack_node(struct task_struct *tsk, int node)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
void *stack;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) {
struct vm_struct *s;
s = this_cpu_xchg(cached_stacks[i], NULL);
if (!s)
continue;
/* Clear the KASAN shadow of the stack. */
kasan_unpoison_shadow(s->addr, THREAD_SIZE);
/* Clear stale pointers from reused stack. */
memset(s->addr, 0, THREAD_SIZE);
tsk->stack_vm_area = s;
tsk->stack = s->addr;
return s->addr;
}
/*
* Allocated stacks are cached and later reused by new threads,
* so memcg accounting is performed manually on assigning/releasing
* stacks to tasks. Drop __GFP_ACCOUNT.
*/
stack = __vmalloc_node_range(THREAD_SIZE, THREAD_ALIGN,
VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END,
THREADINFO_GFP & ~__GFP_ACCOUNT,
PAGE_KERNEL,
0, node, __builtin_return_address(0));
/*
* We can't call find_vm_area() in interrupt context, and
* free_thread_stack() can be called in interrupt context,
* so cache the vm_struct.
*/
if (stack) {
tsk->stack_vm_area = find_vm_area(stack);
tsk->stack = stack;
}
return stack;
#else
struct page *page = alloc_pages_node(node, THREADINFO_GFP,
THREAD_SIZE_ORDER);
if (likely(page)) {
tsk->stack = page_address(page);
return tsk->stack;
}
return NULL;
#endif
}
static inline void free_thread_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
struct vm_struct *vm = task_stack_vm_area(tsk);
if (vm) {
int i;
for (i = 0; i < THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE; i++) {
mod_memcg_page_state(vm->pages[i],
MEMCG_KERNEL_STACK_KB,
-(int)(PAGE_SIZE / 1024));
memcg_kmem_uncharge(vm->pages[i], 0);
}
for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) {
if (this_cpu_cmpxchg(cached_stacks[i],
NULL, tsk->stack_vm_area) != NULL)
continue;
return;
}
vfree_atomic(tsk->stack);
return;
}
#endif
__free_pages(virt_to_page(tsk->stack), THREAD_SIZE_ORDER);
}
# else
static struct kmem_cache *thread_stack_cache;
static unsigned long *alloc_thread_stack_node(struct task_struct *tsk,
int node)
{
unsigned long *stack;
stack = kmem_cache_alloc_node(thread_stack_cache, THREADINFO_GFP, node);
tsk->stack = stack;
return stack;
}
static void free_thread_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
kmem_cache_free(thread_stack_cache, tsk->stack);
}
void thread_stack_cache_init(void)
{
thread_stack_cache = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("thread_stack",
THREAD_SIZE, THREAD_SIZE, 0, 0,
THREAD_SIZE, NULL);
BUG_ON(thread_stack_cache == NULL);
}
# endif
#endif
/* SLAB cache for signal_struct structures (tsk->signal) */
static struct kmem_cache *signal_cachep;
/* SLAB cache for sighand_struct structures (tsk->sighand) */
struct kmem_cache *sighand_cachep;
/* SLAB cache for files_struct structures (tsk->files) */
struct kmem_cache *files_cachep;
/* SLAB cache for fs_struct structures (tsk->fs) */
struct kmem_cache *fs_cachep;
/* SLAB cache for vm_area_struct structures */
static struct kmem_cache *vm_area_cachep;
/* SLAB cache for mm_struct structures (tsk->mm) */
static struct kmem_cache *mm_cachep;
struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
vma = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
if (vma)
vma_init(vma, mm);
return vma;
}
struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *orig)
{
struct vm_area_struct *new = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
if (new) {
*new = *orig;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new->anon_vma_chain);
}
return new;
}
void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
kmem_cache_free(vm_area_cachep, vma);
}
static void account_kernel_stack(struct task_struct *tsk, int account)
{
void *stack = task_stack_page(tsk);
struct vm_struct *vm = task_stack_vm_area(tsk);
BUILD_BUG_ON(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_VMAP_STACK) && PAGE_SIZE % 1024 != 0);
if (vm) {
int i;
BUG_ON(vm->nr_pages != THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE);
for (i = 0; i < THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE; i++) {
mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(vm->pages[i]),
NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB,
PAGE_SIZE / 1024 * account);
}
} else {
/*
* All stack pages are in the same zone and belong to the
* same memcg.
*/
struct page *first_page = virt_to_page(stack);
mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(first_page), NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB,
THREAD_SIZE / 1024 * account);
mod_memcg_page_state(first_page, MEMCG_KERNEL_STACK_KB,
account * (THREAD_SIZE / 1024));
}
}
static int memcg_charge_kernel_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
struct vm_struct *vm = task_stack_vm_area(tsk);
int ret;
if (vm) {
int i;
for (i = 0; i < THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE; i++) {
/*
* If memcg_kmem_charge() fails, page->mem_cgroup
* pointer is NULL, and both memcg_kmem_uncharge()
* and mod_memcg_page_state() in free_thread_stack()
* will ignore this page. So it's safe.
*/
ret = memcg_kmem_charge(vm->pages[i], GFP_KERNEL, 0);
if (ret)
return ret;
mod_memcg_page_state(vm->pages[i],
MEMCG_KERNEL_STACK_KB,
PAGE_SIZE / 1024);
}
}
#endif
return 0;
}
static void release_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
if (WARN_ON(tsk->state != TASK_DEAD))
return; /* Better to leak the stack than to free prematurely */
account_kernel_stack(tsk, -1);
free_thread_stack(tsk);
tsk->stack = NULL;
#ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
tsk->stack_vm_area = NULL;
#endif
}
#ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
void put_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
if (refcount_dec_and_test(&tsk->stack_refcount))
release_task_stack(tsk);
}
#endif
void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
#ifndef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
/*
* The task is finally done with both the stack and thread_info,
* so free both.
*/
release_task_stack(tsk);
#else
/*
* If the task had a separate stack allocation, it should be gone
* by now.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(refcount_read(&tsk->stack_refcount) != 0);
#endif
rt_mutex_debug_task_free(tsk);
ftrace_graph_exit_task(tsk);
put_seccomp_filter(tsk);
arch_release_task_struct(tsk);
if (tsk->flags & PF_KTHREAD)
free_kthread_struct(tsk);
free_task_struct(tsk);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(free_task);
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
static __latent_entropy int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm,
struct mm_struct *oldmm)
{
struct vm_area_struct *mpnt, *tmp, *prev, **pprev;
struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent;
int retval;
unsigned long charge;
LIST_HEAD(uf);
uprobe_start_dup_mmap();
if (down_write_killable(&oldmm->mmap_sem)) {
retval = -EINTR;
goto fail_uprobe_end;
}
flush_cache_dup_mm(oldmm);
uprobe_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm);
/*
* Not linked in yet - no deadlock potential:
*/
down_write_nested(&mm->mmap_sem, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
/* No ordering required: file already has been exposed. */
RCU_INIT_POINTER(mm->exe_file, get_mm_exe_file(oldmm));
mm->total_vm = oldmm->total_vm;
mm->data_vm = oldmm->data_vm;
mm->exec_vm = oldmm->exec_vm;
mm->stack_vm = oldmm->stack_vm;
rb_link = &mm->mm_rb.rb_node;
rb_parent = NULL;
pprev = &mm->mmap;
retval = ksm_fork(mm, oldmm);
if (retval)
goto out;
retval = khugepaged_fork(mm, oldmm);
if (retval)
goto out;
prev = NULL;
for (mpnt = oldmm->mmap; mpnt; mpnt = mpnt->vm_next) {
struct file *file;
if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_DONTCOPY) {
vm_stat_account(mm, mpnt->vm_flags, -vma_pages(mpnt));
continue;
}
charge = 0;
/*
* Don't duplicate many vmas if we've been oom-killed (for
* example)
*/
if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
retval = -EINTR;
goto out;
}
if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) {
unsigned long len = vma_pages(mpnt);
if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(oldmm, len)) /* sic */
goto fail_nomem;
charge = len;
}
tmp = vm_area_dup(mpnt);
if (!tmp)
goto fail_nomem;
retval = vma_dup_policy(mpnt, tmp);
if (retval)
goto fail_nomem_policy;
tmp->vm_mm = mm;
retval = dup_userfaultfd(tmp, &uf);
if (retval)
goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork;
if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_WIPEONFORK) {
/* VM_WIPEONFORK gets a clean slate in the child. */
tmp->anon_vma = NULL;
if (anon_vma_prepare(tmp))
goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork;
} else if (anon_vma_fork(tmp, mpnt))
goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork;
tmp->vm_flags &= ~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT);
tmp->vm_next = tmp->vm_prev = NULL;
file = tmp->vm_file;
if (file) {
struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
get_file(file);
if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE)
atomic_dec(&inode->i_writecount);
i_mmap_lock_write(mapping);
if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
atomic_inc(&mapping->i_mmap_writable);
flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping);
/* insert tmp into the share list, just after mpnt */
vma_interval_tree_insert_after(tmp, mpnt,
&mapping->i_mmap);
flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping);
i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping);
}
/*
* Clear hugetlb-related page reserves for children. This only
* affects MAP_PRIVATE mappings. Faults generated by the child
* are not guaranteed to succeed, even if read-only
*/
if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(tmp))
reset_vma_resv_huge_pages(tmp);
/*
* Link in the new vma and copy the page table entries.
*/
*pprev = tmp;
pprev = &tmp->vm_next;
tmp->vm_prev = prev;
prev = tmp;
__vma_link_rb(mm, tmp, rb_link, rb_parent);
rb_link = &tmp->vm_rb.rb_right;
rb_parent = &tmp->vm_rb;
mm->map_count++;
if (!(tmp->vm_flags & VM_WIPEONFORK))
retval = copy_page_range(mm, oldmm, mpnt);
if (tmp->vm_ops && tmp->vm_ops->open)
tmp->vm_ops->open(tmp);
if (retval)
goto out;
}
/* a new mm has just been created */
retval = arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm);
out:
up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
flush_tlb_mm(oldmm);
up_write(&oldmm->mmap_sem);
dup_userfaultfd_complete(&uf);
fail_uprobe_end:
uprobe_end_dup_mmap();
return retval;
fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork:
mpol_put(vma_policy(tmp));
fail_nomem_policy:
vm_area_free(tmp);
fail_nomem:
retval = -ENOMEM;
vm_unacct_memory(charge);
goto out;
}
static inline int mm_alloc_pgd(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
mm->pgd = pgd_alloc(mm);
if (unlikely(!mm->pgd))
return -ENOMEM;
return 0;
}
static inline void mm_free_pgd(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
pgd_free(mm, mm->pgd);
}
#else
static int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm)
{
down_write(&oldmm->mmap_sem);
RCU_INIT_POINTER(mm->exe_file, get_mm_exe_file(oldmm));
up_write(&oldmm->mmap_sem);
return 0;
}
#define mm_alloc_pgd(mm) (0)
#define mm_free_pgd(mm)
#endif /* CONFIG_MMU */
static void check_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
int i;
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(ARRAY_SIZE(resident_page_types) != NR_MM_COUNTERS,
"Please make sure 'struct resident_page_types[]' is updated as well");
for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) {
long x = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[i]);
if (unlikely(x))
pr_alert("BUG: Bad rss-counter state mm:%p type:%s val:%ld\n",
mm, resident_page_types[i], x);
}
if (mm_pgtables_bytes(mm))
pr_alert("BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: %ld\n",
mm_pgtables_bytes(mm));
#if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS
VM_BUG_ON_MM(mm->pmd_huge_pte, mm);
#endif
}
#define allocate_mm() (kmem_cache_alloc(mm_cachep, GFP_KERNEL))
#define free_mm(mm) (kmem_cache_free(mm_cachep, (mm)))
/*
* Called when the last reference to the mm
* is dropped: either by a lazy thread or by
* mmput. Free the page directory and the mm.
*/
void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
BUG_ON(mm == &init_mm);
WARN_ON_ONCE(mm == current->mm);
WARN_ON_ONCE(mm == current->active_mm);
mm_free_pgd(mm);
destroy_context(mm);
mmu_notifier_mm_destroy(mm);
check_mm(mm);
put_user_ns(mm->user_ns);
free_mm(mm);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mmdrop);
static void mmdrop_async_fn(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct mm_struct *mm;
mm = container_of(work, struct mm_struct, async_put_work);
__mmdrop(mm);
}
static void mmdrop_async(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_count))) {
INIT_WORK(&mm->async_put_work, mmdrop_async_fn);
schedule_work(&mm->async_put_work);
}
}
static inline void free_signal_struct(struct signal_struct *sig)
{
taskstats_tgid_free(sig);
sched_autogroup_exit(sig);
/*
* __mmdrop is not safe to call from softirq context on x86 due to
* pgd_dtor so postpone it to the async context
*/
if (sig->oom_mm)
mmdrop_async(sig->oom_mm);
kmem_cache_free(signal_cachep, sig);
}
static inline void put_signal_struct(struct signal_struct *sig)
{
if (refcount_dec_and_test(&sig->sigcnt))
free_signal_struct(sig);
}
void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
WARN_ON(!tsk->exit_state);
WARN_ON(refcount_read(&tsk->usage));
WARN_ON(tsk == current);
cgroup_free(tsk);
task_numa_free(tsk, true);
security_task_free(tsk);
exit_creds(tsk);
delayacct_tsk_free(tsk);
put_signal_struct(tsk->signal);
if (!profile_handoff_task(tsk))
free_task(tsk);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__put_task_struct);
void __init __weak arch_task_cache_init(void) { }
/*
* set_max_threads
*/
static void set_max_threads(unsigned int max_threads_suggested)
{
u64 threads;
unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages();
/*
* The number of threads shall be limited such that the thread
* structures may only consume a small part of the available memory.
*/
if (fls64(nr_pages) + fls64(PAGE_SIZE) > 64)
threads = MAX_THREADS;
else
threads = div64_u64((u64) nr_pages * (u64) PAGE_SIZE,
(u64) THREAD_SIZE * 8UL);
if (threads > max_threads_suggested)
threads = max_threads_suggested;
max_threads = clamp_t(u64, threads, MIN_THREADS, MAX_THREADS);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANTS_DYNAMIC_TASK_STRUCT
/* Initialized by the architecture: */
int arch_task_struct_size __read_mostly;
#endif
#ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR
static void task_struct_whitelist(unsigned long *offset, unsigned long *size)
{
/* Fetch thread_struct whitelist for the architecture. */
arch_thread_struct_whitelist(offset, size);
/*
* Handle zero-sized whitelist or empty thread_struct, otherwise
* adjust offset to position of thread_struct in task_struct.
*/
if (unlikely(*size == 0))
*offset = 0;
else
*offset += offsetof(struct task_struct, thread);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR */
void __init fork_init(void)
{
int i;
#ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR
#ifndef ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN
#define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN 0
#endif
int align = max_t(int, L1_CACHE_BYTES, ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN);
unsigned long useroffset, usersize;
/* create a slab on which task_structs can be allocated */
task_struct_whitelist(&useroffset, &usersize);
task_struct_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("task_struct",
arch_task_struct_size, align,
SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT,
useroffset, usersize, NULL);
#endif
/* do the arch specific task caches init */
arch_task_cache_init();
set_max_threads(MAX_THREADS);
init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur = max_threads/2;
init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_max = max_threads/2;
init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] =
init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC];
for (i = 0; i < UCOUNT_COUNTS; i++) {
init_user_ns.ucount_max[i] = max_threads/2;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN, "fork:vm_stack_cache",
NULL, free_vm_stack_cache);
#endif
lockdep_init_task(&init_task);
uprobes_init();
}
int __weak arch_dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *dst,
struct task_struct *src)
{
*dst = *src;
return 0;
}
void set_task_stack_end_magic(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
unsigned long *stackend;
stackend = end_of_stack(tsk);
*stackend = STACK_END_MAGIC; /* for overflow detection */
}
static struct task_struct *dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *orig, int node)
{
struct task_struct *tsk;
unsigned long *stack;
struct vm_struct *stack_vm_area __maybe_unused;
int err;
if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE)
node = tsk_fork_get_node(orig);
tsk = alloc_task_struct_node(node);
if (!tsk)
return NULL;
stack = alloc_thread_stack_node(tsk, node);
if (!stack)
goto free_tsk;
if (memcg_charge_kernel_stack(tsk))
goto free_stack;
stack_vm_area = task_stack_vm_area(tsk);
err = arch_dup_task_struct(tsk, orig);
/*
* arch_dup_task_struct() clobbers the stack-related fields. Make
* sure they're properly initialized before using any stack-related
* functions again.
*/
tsk->stack = stack;
#ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
tsk->stack_vm_area = stack_vm_area;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
refcount_set(&tsk->stack_refcount, 1);
#endif
if (err)
goto free_stack;
#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP
/*
* We must handle setting up seccomp filters once we're under
* the sighand lock in case orig has changed between now and
* then. Until then, filter must be NULL to avoid messing up
* the usage counts on the error path calling free_task.
*/
tsk->seccomp.filter = NULL;
#endif
setup_thread_stack(tsk, orig);
clear_user_return_notifier(tsk);
clear_tsk_need_resched(tsk);
set_task_stack_end_magic(tsk);
#ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR
tsk->stack_canary = get_random_canary();
#endif
if (orig->cpus_ptr == &orig->cpus_mask)
tsk->cpus_ptr = &tsk->cpus_mask;
/*
* One for the user space visible state that goes away when reaped.
* One for the scheduler.
*/
refcount_set(&tsk->rcu_users, 2);
/* One for the rcu users */
refcount_set(&tsk->usage, 1);
#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE
tsk->btrace_seq = 0;
#endif
tsk->splice_pipe = NULL;
tsk->task_frag.page = NULL;
tsk->wake_q.next = NULL;
account_kernel_stack(tsk, 1);
kcov_task_init(tsk);
#ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION
tsk->fail_nth = 0;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP
tsk->throttle_queue = NULL;
tsk->use_memdelay = 0;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
tsk->active_memcg = NULL;
#endif
return tsk;
free_stack:
free_thread_stack(tsk);
free_tsk:
free_task_struct(tsk);
return NULL;
}
__cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mmlist_lock);
static unsigned long default_dump_filter = MMF_DUMP_FILTER_DEFAULT;
static int __init coredump_filter_setup(char *s)
{
default_dump_filter =
(simple_strtoul(s, NULL, 0) << MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT) &
MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK;
return 1;
}
__setup("coredump_filter=", coredump_filter_setup);
#include <linux/init_task.h>
static void mm_init_aio(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_AIO
spin_lock_init(&mm->ioctx_lock);
mm->ioctx_table = NULL;
#endif
}
static __always_inline void mm_clear_owner(struct mm_struct *mm,
struct task_struct *p)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
if (mm->owner == p)
WRITE_ONCE(mm->owner, NULL);
#endif
}
static void mm_init_owner(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
mm->owner = p;
#endif
}
static void mm_init_uprobes_state(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES
mm->uprobes_state.xol_area = NULL;
#endif
}
static struct mm_struct *mm_init(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p,
struct user_namespace *user_ns)
{
mm->mmap = NULL;
mm->mm_rb = RB_ROOT;
mm->vmacache_seqnum = 0;
atomic_set(&mm->mm_users, 1);
atomic_set(&mm->mm_count, 1);
init_rwsem(&mm->mmap_sem);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mm->mmlist);
mm->core_state = NULL;
mm_pgtables_bytes_init(mm);
mm->map_count = 0;
mm->locked_vm = 0;
atomic64_set(&mm->pinned_vm, 0);
memset(&mm->rss_stat, 0, sizeof(mm->rss_stat));
spin_lock_init(&mm->page_table_lock);
spin_lock_init(&mm->arg_lock);
mm_init_cpumask(mm);
mm_init_aio(mm);
mm_init_owner(mm, p);
RCU_INIT_POINTER(mm->exe_file, NULL);
mmu_notifier_mm_init(mm);
init_tlb_flush_pending(mm);
#if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS
mm->pmd_huge_pte = NULL;
#endif
mm_init_uprobes_state(mm);
if (current->mm) {
mm->flags = current->mm->flags & MMF_INIT_MASK;
mm->def_flags = current->mm->def_flags & VM_INIT_DEF_MASK;
} else {
mm->flags = default_dump_filter;
mm->def_flags = 0;
}
if (mm_alloc_pgd(mm))
goto fail_nopgd;
if (init_new_context(p, mm))
goto fail_nocontext;
mm->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns);
return mm;
fail_nocontext:
mm_free_pgd(mm);
fail_nopgd:
free_mm(mm);
return NULL;
}
/*
* Allocate and initialize an mm_struct.
*/
struct mm_struct *mm_alloc(void)
{
struct mm_struct *mm;
mm = allocate_mm();
if (!mm)
return NULL;
memset(mm, 0, sizeof(*mm));
return mm_init(mm, current, current_user_ns());
}
static inline void __mmput(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
VM_BUG_ON(atomic_read(&mm->mm_users));
uprobe_clear_state(mm);
exit_aio(mm);
ksm_exit(mm);
khugepaged_exit(mm); /* must run before exit_mmap */
exit_mmap(mm);
mm_put_huge_zero_page(mm);
set_mm_exe_file(mm, NULL);
if (!list_empty(&mm->mmlist)) {
spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
list_del(&mm->mmlist);
spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
}
if (mm->binfmt)
module_put(mm->binfmt->module);
mmdrop(mm);
}
/*
* Decrement the use count and release all resources for an mm.
*/
void mmput(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
might_sleep();
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_users))
__mmput(mm);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmput);
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
static void mmput_async_fn(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = container_of(work, struct mm_struct,
async_put_work);
__mmput(mm);
}
void mmput_async(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_users)) {
INIT_WORK(&mm->async_put_work, mmput_async_fn);
schedule_work(&mm->async_put_work);
}
}
#endif
/**
* set_mm_exe_file - change a reference to the mm's executable file
*
* This changes mm's executable file (shown as symlink /proc/[pid]/exe).
*
* Main users are mmput() and sys_execve(). Callers prevent concurrent
* invocations: in mmput() nobody alive left, in execve task is single
* threaded. sys_prctl(PR_SET_MM_MAP/EXE_FILE) also needs to set the
* mm->exe_file, but does so without using set_mm_exe_file() in order
* to do avoid the need for any locks.
*/
void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file)
{
struct file *old_exe_file;
/*
* It is safe to dereference the exe_file without RCU as
* this function is only called if nobody else can access
* this mm -- see comment above for justification.
*/
old_exe_file = rcu_dereference_raw(mm->exe_file);
if (new_exe_file)
get_file(new_exe_file);
rcu_assign_pointer(mm->exe_file, new_exe_file);
if (old_exe_file)
fput(old_exe_file);
}
/**
* get_mm_exe_file - acquire a reference to the mm's executable file
*
* Returns %NULL if mm has no associated executable file.
* User must release file via fput().
*/
struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
struct file *exe_file;
rcu_read_lock();
exe_file = rcu_dereference(mm->exe_file);
if (exe_file && !get_file_rcu(exe_file))
exe_file = NULL;
rcu_read_unlock();
return exe_file;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_mm_exe_file);
/**
* get_task_exe_file - acquire a reference to the task's executable file
*
* Returns %NULL if task's mm (if any) has no associated executable file or
* this is a kernel thread with borrowed mm (see the comment above get_task_mm).
* User must release file via fput().
*/
struct file *get_task_exe_file(struct task_struct *task)
{
struct file *exe_file = NULL;
struct mm_struct *mm;
task_lock(task);
mm = task->mm;
if (mm) {
if (!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))
exe_file = get_mm_exe_file(mm);
}
task_unlock(task);
return exe_file;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_task_exe_file);
/**
* get_task_mm - acquire a reference to the task's mm
*
* Returns %NULL if the task has no mm. Checks PF_KTHREAD (meaning
* this kernel workthread has transiently adopted a user mm with use_mm,
* to do its AIO) is not set and if so returns a reference to it, after
* bumping up the use count. User must release the mm via mmput()
* after use. Typically used by /proc and ptrace.
*/
struct mm_struct *get_task_mm(struct task_struct *task)
{
struct mm_struct *mm;
task_lock(task);
mm = task->mm;
if (mm) {
if (task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)
mm = NULL;
else
mmget(mm);
}
task_unlock(task);
return mm;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_task_mm);
struct mm_struct *mm_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode)
{
struct mm_struct *mm;
int err;
err = mutex_lock_killable(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
if (err)
return ERR_PTR(err);
mm = get_task_mm(task);
if (mm && mm != current->mm &&
!ptrace_may_access(task, mode)) {
mmput(mm);
mm = ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
}
mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
return mm;
}
static void complete_vfork_done(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct completion *vfork;
task_lock(tsk);
vfork = tsk->vfork_done;
if (likely(vfork)) {
tsk->vfork_done = NULL;
complete(vfork);
}
task_unlock(tsk);
}
static int wait_for_vfork_done(struct task_struct *child,
struct completion *vfork)
{
int killed;
freezer_do_not_count();
cgroup_enter_frozen();
killed = wait_for_completion_killable(vfork);
cgroup_leave_frozen(false);
freezer_count();
if (killed) {
task_lock(child);
child->vfork_done = NULL;
task_unlock(child);
}
put_task_struct(child);
return killed;
}
/* Please note the differences between mmput and mm_release.
* mmput is called whenever we stop holding onto a mm_struct,
* error success whatever.
*
* mm_release is called after a mm_struct has been removed
* from the current process.
*
* This difference is important for error handling, when we
* only half set up a mm_struct for a new process and need to restore
* the old one. Because we mmput the new mm_struct before
* restoring the old one. . .
* Eric Biederman 10 January 1998
*/
static void mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
uprobe_free_utask(tsk);
/* Get rid of any cached register state */
deactivate_mm(tsk, mm);
/*
* Signal userspace if we're not exiting with a core dump
* because we want to leave the value intact for debugging
* purposes.
*/
if (tsk->clear_child_tid) {
if (!(tsk->signal->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_COREDUMP) &&
atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) > 1) {
/*
* We don't check the error code - if userspace has
* not set up a proper pointer then tough luck.
*/
put_user(0, tsk->clear_child_tid);
do_futex(tsk->clear_child_tid, FUTEX_WAKE,
1, NULL, NULL, 0, 0);
}
tsk->clear_child_tid = NULL;
}
/*
* All done, finally we can wake up parent and return this mm to him.
* Also kthread_stop() uses this completion for synchronization.
*/
if (tsk->vfork_done)
complete_vfork_done(tsk);
}
void exit_mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
futex_exit_release(tsk);
mm_release(tsk, mm);
}
void exec_mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
futex_exec_release(tsk);
mm_release(tsk, mm);
}
/**
* dup_mm() - duplicates an existing mm structure
* @tsk: the task_struct with which the new mm will be associated.
* @oldmm: the mm to duplicate.
*
* Allocates a new mm structure and duplicates the provided @oldmm structure
* content into it.
*
* Return: the duplicated mm or NULL on failure.
*/
static struct mm_struct *dup_mm(struct task_struct *tsk,
struct mm_struct *oldmm)
{
struct mm_struct *mm;
int err;
mm = allocate_mm();
if (!mm)
goto fail_nomem;
memcpy(mm, oldmm, sizeof(*mm));
if (!mm_init(mm, tsk, mm->user_ns))
goto fail_nomem;
err = dup_mmap(mm, oldmm);
if (err)
goto free_pt;
mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm);
mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm;
if (mm->binfmt && !try_module_get(mm->binfmt->module))
goto free_pt;
return mm;
free_pt:
/* don't put binfmt in mmput, we haven't got module yet */
mm->binfmt = NULL;
mm_init_owner(mm, NULL);
mmput(mm);
fail_nomem:
return NULL;
}
static int copy_mm(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct mm_struct *mm, *oldmm;
int retval;
tsk->min_flt = tsk->maj_flt = 0;
tsk->nvcsw = tsk->nivcsw = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK
tsk->last_switch_count = tsk->nvcsw + tsk->nivcsw;
tsk->last_switch_time = 0;
#endif
tsk->mm = NULL;
tsk->active_mm = NULL;
/*
* Are we cloning a kernel thread?
*
* We need to steal a active VM for that..
*/
oldmm = current->mm;
if (!oldmm)
return 0;
/* initialize the new vmacache entries */
vmacache_flush(tsk);
if (clone_flags & CLONE_VM) {
mmget(oldmm);
mm = oldmm;
goto good_mm;
}
retval = -ENOMEM;
mm = dup_mm(tsk, current->mm);
if (!mm)
goto fail_nomem;
good_mm:
tsk->mm = mm;
tsk->active_mm = mm;
return 0;
fail_nomem:
return retval;
}
static int copy_fs(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs;
if (clone_flags & CLONE_FS) {
/* tsk->fs is already what we want */
spin_lock(&fs->lock);
if (fs->in_exec) {
spin_unlock(&fs->lock);
return -EAGAIN;
}
fs->users++;
spin_unlock(&fs->lock);
return 0;
}
tsk->fs = copy_fs_struct(fs);
if (!tsk->fs)
return -ENOMEM;
return 0;
}
static int copy_files(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct files_struct *oldf, *newf;
int error = 0;
/*
* A background process may not have any files ...
*/
oldf = current->files;
if (!oldf)
goto out;
if (clone_flags & CLONE_FILES) {
atomic_inc(&oldf->count);
goto out;
}
newf = dup_fd(oldf, &error);
if (!newf)
goto out;
tsk->files = newf;
error = 0;
out:
return error;
}
static int copy_io(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
struct io_context *ioc = current->io_context;
struct io_context *new_ioc;
if (!ioc)
return 0;
/*
* Share io context with parent, if CLONE_IO is set
*/
if (clone_flags & CLONE_IO) {
ioc_task_link(ioc);
tsk->io_context = ioc;
} else if (ioprio_valid(ioc->ioprio)) {
new_ioc = get_task_io_context(tsk, GFP_KERNEL, NUMA_NO_NODE);
if (unlikely(!new_ioc))
return -ENOMEM;
new_ioc->ioprio = ioc->ioprio;
put_io_context(new_ioc);
}
#endif
return 0;
}
static int copy_sighand(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct sighand_struct *sig;
if (clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) {
refcount_inc(&current->sighand->count);
return 0;
}
sig = kmem_cache_alloc(sighand_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
rcu_assign_pointer(tsk->sighand, sig);
if (!sig)
return -ENOMEM;
refcount_set(&sig->count, 1);
spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
memcpy(sig->action, current->sighand->action, sizeof(sig->action));
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
/* Reset all signal handler not set to SIG_IGN to SIG_DFL. */
if (clone_flags & CLONE_CLEAR_SIGHAND)
flush_signal_handlers(tsk, 0);
return 0;
}
void __cleanup_sighand(struct sighand_struct *sighand)
{
if (refcount_dec_and_test(&sighand->count)) {
signalfd_cleanup(sighand);
/*
* sighand_cachep is SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU so we can free it
* without an RCU grace period, see __lock_task_sighand().
*/
kmem_cache_free(sighand_cachep, sighand);
}
}
/*
* Initialize POSIX timer handling for a thread group.
*/
static void posix_cpu_timers_init_group(struct signal_struct *sig)
{
struct posix_cputimers *pct = &sig->posix_cputimers;
unsigned long cpu_limit;
cpu_limit = READ_ONCE(sig->rlim[RLIMIT_CPU].rlim_cur);
posix_cputimers_group_init(pct, cpu_limit);
}
static int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct signal_struct *sig;
if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)
return 0;
sig = kmem_cache_zalloc(signal_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
tsk->signal = sig;
if (!sig)
return -ENOMEM;
sig->nr_threads = 1;
atomic_set(&sig->live, 1);
refcount_set(&sig->sigcnt, 1);
/* list_add(thread_node, thread_head) without INIT_LIST_HEAD() */
sig->thread_head = (struct list_head)LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk->thread_node);
tsk->thread_node = (struct list_head)LIST_HEAD_INIT(sig->thread_head);
init_waitqueue_head(&sig->wait_chldexit);
sig->curr_target = tsk;
init_sigpending(&sig->shared_pending);
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&sig->multiprocess);
seqlock_init(&sig->stats_lock);
prev_cputime_init(&sig->prev_cputime);
#ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->posix_timers);
hrtimer_init(&sig->real_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
sig->real_timer.function = it_real_fn;
#endif
task_lock(current->group_leader);
memcpy(sig->rlim, current->signal->rlim, sizeof sig->rlim);
task_unlock(current->group_leader);
posix_cpu_timers_init_group(sig);
tty_audit_fork(sig);
sched_autogroup_fork(sig);
sig->oom_score_adj = current->signal->oom_score_adj;
sig->oom_score_adj_min = current->signal->oom_score_adj_min;
mutex_init(&sig->cred_guard_mutex);
return 0;
}
static void copy_seccomp(struct task_struct *p)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP
/*
* Must be called with sighand->lock held, which is common to
* all threads in the group. Holding cred_guard_mutex is not
* needed because this new task is not yet running and cannot
* be racing exec.
*/
assert_spin_locked(&current->sighand->siglock);
/* Ref-count the new filter user, and assign it. */
get_seccomp_filter(current);
p->seccomp = current->seccomp;
/*
* Explicitly enable no_new_privs here in case it got set
* between the task_struct being duplicated and holding the
* sighand lock. The seccomp state and nnp must be in sync.
*/
if (task_no_new_privs(current))
task_set_no_new_privs(p);
/*
* If the parent gained a seccomp mode after copying thread
* flags and between before we held the sighand lock, we have
* to manually enable the seccomp thread flag here.
*/
if (p->seccomp.mode != SECCOMP_MODE_DISABLED)
set_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SECCOMP);
#endif
}
SYSCALL_DEFINE1(set_tid_address, int __user *, tidptr)
{
current->clear_child_tid = tidptr;
return task_pid_vnr(current);
}
static void rt_mutex_init_task(struct task_struct *p)
{
raw_spin_lock_init(&p->pi_lock);
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES
p->pi_waiters = RB_ROOT_CACHED;
p->pi_top_task = NULL;
p->pi_blocked_on = NULL;
#endif
}
static inline void init_task_pid_links(struct task_struct *task)
{
enum pid_type type;
for (type = PIDTYPE_PID; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type) {
INIT_HLIST_NODE(&task->pid_links[type]);
}
}
static inline void
init_task_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid *pid)
{
if (type == PIDTYPE_PID)
task->thread_pid = pid;
else
task->signal->pids[type] = pid;
}
static inline void rcu_copy_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU
p->rcu_read_lock_nesting = 0;
p->rcu_read_unlock_special.s = 0;
p->rcu_blocked_node = NULL;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rcu_node_entry);
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */
#ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU
p->rcu_tasks_holdout = false;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rcu_tasks_holdout_list);
p->rcu_tasks_idle_cpu = -1;
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */
}
struct pid *pidfd_pid(const struct file *file)
{
if (file->f_op == &pidfd_fops)
return file->private_data;
return ERR_PTR(-EBADF);
}
static int pidfd_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
struct pid *pid = file->private_data;
file->private_data = NULL;
put_pid(pid);
return 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
/**
* pidfd_show_fdinfo - print information about a pidfd
* @m: proc fdinfo file
* @f: file referencing a pidfd
*
* Pid:
* This function will print the pid that a given pidfd refers to in the
* pid namespace of the procfs instance.
* If the pid namespace of the process is not a descendant of the pid
* namespace of the procfs instance 0 will be shown as its pid. This is
* similar to calling getppid() on a process whose parent is outside of
* its pid namespace.
*
* NSpid:
* If pid namespaces are supported then this function will also print
* the pid of a given pidfd refers to for all descendant pid namespaces
* starting from the current pid namespace of the instance, i.e. the
* Pid field and the first entry in the NSpid field will be identical.
* If the pid namespace of the process is not a descendant of the pid
* namespace of the procfs instance 0 will be shown as its first NSpid
* entry and no others will be shown.
* Note that this differs from the Pid and NSpid fields in
* /proc/<pid>/status where Pid and NSpid are always shown relative to
* the pid namespace of the procfs instance. The difference becomes
* obvious when sending around a pidfd between pid namespaces from a
* different branch of the tree, i.e. where no ancestoral relation is
* present between the pid namespaces:
* - create two new pid namespaces ns1 and ns2 in the initial pid
* namespace (also take care to create new mount namespaces in the
* new pid namespace and mount procfs)
* - create a process with a pidfd in ns1
* - send pidfd from ns1 to ns2
* - read /proc/self/fdinfo/<pidfd> and observe that both Pid and NSpid
* have exactly one entry, which is 0
*/
static void pidfd_show_fdinfo(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f)
{
struct pid *pid = f->private_data;
struct pid_namespace *ns;
pid_t nr = -1;
if (likely(pid_has_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID))) {
ns = proc_pid_ns(file_inode(m->file));
nr = pid_nr_ns(pid, ns);
}
seq_put_decimal_ll(m, "Pid:\t", nr);
#ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS
seq_put_decimal_ll(m, "\nNSpid:\t", nr);
if (nr > 0) {
int i;
/* If nr is non-zero it means that 'pid' is valid and that
* ns, i.e. the pid namespace associated with the procfs
* instance, is in the pid namespace hierarchy of pid.
* Start at one below the already printed level.
*/
for (i = ns->level + 1; i <= pid->level; i++)
seq_put_decimal_ll(m, "\t", pid->numbers[i].nr);
}
#endif
seq_putc(m, '\n');
}
#endif
/*
* Poll support for process exit notification.
*/
static __poll_t pidfd_poll(struct file *file, struct poll_table_struct *pts)
{
struct task_struct *task;
struct pid *pid = file->private_data;
__poll_t poll_flags = 0;
poll_wait(file, &pid->wait_pidfd, pts);
rcu_read_lock();
task = pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
/*
* Inform pollers only when the whole thread group exits.
* If the thread group leader exits before all other threads in the
* group, then poll(2) should block, similar to the wait(2) family.
*/
if (!task || (task->exit_state && thread_group_empty(task)))
poll_flags = EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM;
rcu_read_unlock();
return poll_flags;
}
const struct file_operations pidfd_fops = {
.release = pidfd_release,
.poll = pidfd_poll,
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
.show_fdinfo = pidfd_show_fdinfo,
#endif
};
static void __delayed_free_task(struct rcu_head *rhp)
{
struct task_struct *tsk = container_of(rhp, struct task_struct, rcu);
free_task(tsk);
}
static __always_inline void delayed_free_task(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEMCG))
call_rcu(&tsk->rcu, __delayed_free_task);
else
free_task(tsk);
}
/*
* This creates a new process as a copy of the old one,
* but does not actually start it yet.
*
* It copies the registers, and all the appropriate
* parts of the process environment (as per the clone
* flags). The actual kick-off is left to the caller.
*/
static __latent_entropy struct task_struct *copy_process(
struct pid *pid,
int trace,
int node,
struct kernel_clone_args *args)
{
int pidfd = -1, retval;
struct task_struct *p;
struct multiprocess_signals delayed;
struct file *pidfile = NULL;
u64 clone_flags = args->flags;
/*
* Don't allow sharing the root directory with processes in a different
* namespace
*/
if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS)) == (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWUSER|CLONE_FS)) == (CLONE_NEWUSER|CLONE_FS))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
/*
* Thread groups must share signals as well, and detached threads
* can only be started up within the thread group.
*/
if ((clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
/*
* Shared signal handlers imply shared VM. By way of the above,
* thread groups also imply shared VM. Blocking this case allows
* for various simplifications in other code.
*/
if ((clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_VM))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
/*
* Siblings of global init remain as zombies on exit since they are
* not reaped by their parent (swapper). To solve this and to avoid
* multi-rooted process trees, prevent global and container-inits
* from creating siblings.
*/
if ((clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT) &&
current->signal->flags & SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE)
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
/*
* If the new process will be in a different pid or user namespace
* do not allow it to share a thread group with the forking task.
*/
if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) {
if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWUSER | CLONE_NEWPID)) ||
(task_active_pid_ns(current) !=
current->nsproxy->pid_ns_for_children))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
}
if (clone_flags & CLONE_PIDFD) {
/*
* - CLONE_DETACHED is blocked so that we can potentially
* reuse it later for CLONE_PIDFD.
* - CLONE_THREAD is blocked until someone really needs it.
*/
if (clone_flags & (CLONE_DETACHED | CLONE_THREAD))
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
}
/*
* Force any signals received before this point to be delivered
* before the fork happens. Collect up signals sent to multiple
* processes that happen during the fork and delay them so that
* they appear to happen after the fork.
*/
sigemptyset(&delayed.signal);
INIT_HLIST_NODE(&delayed.node);
spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD))
hlist_add_head(&delayed.node, &current->signal->multiprocess);
recalc_sigpending();
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
retval = -ERESTARTNOINTR;
if (signal_pending(current))
goto fork_out;
retval = -ENOMEM;
p = dup_task_struct(current, node);
if (!p)
goto fork_out;
/*
* This _must_ happen before we call free_task(), i.e. before we jump
* to any of the bad_fork_* labels. This is to avoid freeing
* p->set_child_tid which is (ab)used as a kthread's data pointer for
* kernel threads (PF_KTHREAD).
*/
p->set_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_SETTID) ? args->child_tid : NULL;
/*
* Clear TID on mm_release()?
*/
p->clear_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID) ? args->child_tid : NULL;
ftrace_graph_init_task(p);
rt_mutex_init_task(p);
#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!p->hardirqs_enabled);
DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!p->softirqs_enabled);
#endif
retval = -EAGAIN;
if (atomic_read(&p->real_cred->user->processes) >=
task_rlimit(p, RLIMIT_NPROC)) {
if (p->real_cred->user != INIT_USER &&
!capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
goto bad_fork_free;
}
current->flags &= ~PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED;
retval = copy_creds(p, clone_flags);
if (retval < 0)
goto bad_fork_free;
/*
* If multiple threads are within copy_process(), then this check
* triggers too late. This doesn't hurt, the check is only there
* to stop root fork bombs.
*/
retval = -EAGAIN;
if (nr_threads >= max_threads)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_count;
delayacct_tsk_init(p); /* Must remain after dup_task_struct() */
p->flags &= ~(PF_SUPERPRIV | PF_WQ_WORKER | PF_IDLE);
p->flags |= PF_FORKNOEXEC;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->children);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->sibling);
rcu_copy_process(p);
p->vfork_done = NULL;
spin_lock_init(&p->alloc_lock);
init_sigpending(&p->pending);
p->utime = p->stime = p->gtime = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME
p->utimescaled = p->stimescaled = 0;
#endif
prev_cputime_init(&p->prev_cputime);
#ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN
seqcount_init(&p->vtime.seqcount);
p->vtime.starttime = 0;
p->vtime.state = VTIME_INACTIVE;
#endif
#if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING)
memset(&p->rss_stat, 0, sizeof(p->rss_stat));
#endif
p->default_timer_slack_ns = current->timer_slack_ns;
#ifdef CONFIG_PSI
p->psi_flags = 0;
#endif
task_io_accounting_init(&p->ioac);
acct_clear_integrals(p);
posix_cputimers_init(&p->posix_cputimers);
p->io_context = NULL;
audit_set_context(p, NULL);
cgroup_fork(p);
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
p->mempolicy = mpol_dup(p->mempolicy);
if (IS_ERR(p->mempolicy)) {
retval = PTR_ERR(p->mempolicy);
p->mempolicy = NULL;
goto bad_fork_cleanup_threadgroup_lock;
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS
p->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor = NUMA_NO_NODE;
p->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor = NUMA_NO_NODE;
seqcount_init(&p->mems_allowed_seq);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
p->irq_events = 0;
p->hardirqs_enabled = 0;
p->hardirq_enable_ip = 0;
p->hardirq_enable_event = 0;
p->hardirq_disable_ip = _THIS_IP_;
p->hardirq_disable_event = 0;
p->softirqs_enabled = 1;
p->softirq_enable_ip = _THIS_IP_;
p->softirq_enable_event = 0;
p->softirq_disable_ip = 0;
p->softirq_disable_event = 0;
p->hardirq_context = 0;
p->softirq_context = 0;
#endif
p->pagefault_disabled = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
lockdep_init_task(p);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
p->blocked_on = NULL; /* not blocked yet */
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_BCACHE
p->sequential_io = 0;
p->sequential_io_avg = 0;
#endif
/* Perform scheduler related setup. Assign this task to a CPU. */
retval = sched_fork(clone_flags, p);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy;
retval = perf_event_init_task(p);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy;
retval = audit_alloc(p);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_perf;
/* copy all the process information */
shm_init_task(p);
retval = security_task_alloc(p, clone_flags);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_audit;
retval = copy_semundo(clone_flags, p);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_security;
retval = copy_files(clone_flags, p);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_semundo;
retval = copy_fs(clone_flags, p);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_files;
retval = copy_sighand(clone_flags, p);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_fs;
retval = copy_signal(clone_flags, p);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_sighand;
retval = copy_mm(clone_flags, p);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_signal;
retval = copy_namespaces(clone_flags, p);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_mm;
retval = copy_io(clone_flags, p);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_namespaces;
retval = copy_thread_tls(clone_flags, args->stack, args->stack_size, p,
args->tls);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_io;
stackleak_task_init(p);
if (pid != &init_struct_pid) {
pid = alloc_pid(p->nsproxy->pid_ns_for_children, args->set_tid,
args->set_tid_size);
if (IS_ERR(pid)) {
retval = PTR_ERR(pid);
goto bad_fork_cleanup_thread;
}
}
/*
* This has to happen after we've potentially unshared the file
* descriptor table (so that the pidfd doesn't leak into the child
* if the fd table isn't shared).
*/
if (clone_flags & CLONE_PIDFD) {
retval = get_unused_fd_flags(O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC);
if (retval < 0)
goto bad_fork_free_pid;
pidfd = retval;
pidfile = anon_inode_getfile("[pidfd]", &pidfd_fops, pid,
O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC);
if (IS_ERR(pidfile)) {
put_unused_fd(pidfd);
retval = PTR_ERR(pidfile);
goto bad_fork_free_pid;
}
get_pid(pid); /* held by pidfile now */
retval = put_user(pidfd, args->pidfd);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_put_pidfd;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
p->plug = NULL;
#endif
futex_init_task(p);
/*
* sigaltstack should be cleared when sharing the same VM
*/
if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_VM|CLONE_VFORK)) == CLONE_VM)
sas_ss_reset(p);
/*
* Syscall tracing and stepping should be turned off in the
* child regardless of CLONE_PTRACE.
*/
user_disable_single_step(p);
clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
#ifdef TIF_SYSCALL_EMU
clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_EMU);
#endif
clear_tsk_latency_tracing(p);
/* ok, now we should be set up.. */
p->pid = pid_nr(pid);
if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) {
p->exit_signal = -1;
p->group_leader = current->group_leader;
p->tgid = current->tgid;
} else {
if (clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT)
p->exit_signal = current->group_leader->exit_signal;
else
p->exit_signal = args->exit_signal;
p->group_leader = p;
p->tgid = p->pid;
}
p->nr_dirtied = 0;
p->nr_dirtied_pause = 128 >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10);
p->dirty_paused_when = 0;
p->pdeath_signal = 0;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->thread_group);
p->task_works = NULL;
cgroup_threadgroup_change_begin(current);
/*
* Ensure that the cgroup subsystem policies allow the new process to be
* forked. It should be noted the the new process's css_set can be changed
* between here and cgroup_post_fork() if an organisation operation is in
* progress.
*/
retval = cgroup_can_fork(p);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cgroup_threadgroup_change_end;
/*
* From this point on we must avoid any synchronous user-space
* communication until we take the tasklist-lock. In particular, we do
* not want user-space to be able to predict the process start-time by
* stalling fork(2) after we recorded the start_time but before it is
* visible to the system.
*/
p->start_time = ktime_get_ns();
p->start_boottime = ktime_get_boottime_ns();
/*
* Make it visible to the rest of the system, but dont wake it up yet.
* Need tasklist lock for parent etc handling!
*/
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
/* CLONE_PARENT re-uses the old parent */
if (clone_flags & (CLONE_PARENT|CLONE_THREAD)) {
p->real_parent = current->real_parent;
p->parent_exec_id = current->parent_exec_id;
} else {
p->real_parent = current;
p->parent_exec_id = current->self_exec_id;
}
klp_copy_process(p);
spin_lock(&current->sighand->siglock);
/*
* Copy seccomp details explicitly here, in case they were changed
* before holding sighand lock.
*/
copy_seccomp(p);
rseq_fork(p, clone_flags);
/* Don't start children in a dying pid namespace */
if (unlikely(!(ns_of_pid(pid)->pid_allocated & PIDNS_ADDING))) {
retval = -ENOMEM;
goto bad_fork_cancel_cgroup;
}
/* Let kill terminate clone/fork in the middle */
if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
retval = -EINTR;
goto bad_fork_cancel_cgroup;
}
/* past the last point of failure */
if (pidfile)
fd_install(pidfd, pidfile);
init_task_pid_links(p);
if (likely(p->pid)) {
ptrace_init_task(p, (clone_flags & CLONE_PTRACE) || trace);
init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID, pid);
if (thread_group_leader(p)) {
init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_TGID, pid);
init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID, task_pgrp(current));
init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID, task_session(current));
if (is_child_reaper(pid)) {
ns_of_pid(pid)->child_reaper = p;
p->signal->flags |= SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE;
}
p->signal->shared_pending.signal = delayed.signal;
p->signal->tty = tty_kref_get(current->signal->tty);
/*
* Inherit has_child_subreaper flag under the same
* tasklist_lock with adding child to the process tree
* for propagate_has_child_subreaper optimization.
*/
p->signal->has_child_subreaper = p->real_parent->signal->has_child_subreaper ||
p->real_parent->signal->is_child_subreaper;
list_add_tail(&p->sibling, &p->real_parent->children);
list_add_tail_rcu(&p->tasks, &init_task.tasks);
attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_TGID);
attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID);
attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID);
__this_cpu_inc(process_counts);
} else {
current->signal->nr_threads++;
atomic_inc(&current->signal->live);
refcount_inc(&current->signal->sigcnt);
task_join_group_stop(p);
list_add_tail_rcu(&p->thread_group,
&p->group_leader->thread_group);
list_add_tail_rcu(&p->thread_node,
&p->signal->thread_head);
}
attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID);
nr_threads++;
}
total_forks++;
hlist_del_init(&delayed.node);
spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock);
syscall_tracepoint_update(p);
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
proc_fork_connector(p);
cgroup_post_fork(p);
cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(current);
perf_event_fork(p);
trace_task_newtask(p, clone_flags);
uprobe_copy_process(p, clone_flags);
return p;
bad_fork_cancel_cgroup:
spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock);
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
cgroup_cancel_fork(p);
bad_fork_cgroup_threadgroup_change_end:
cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(current);
bad_fork_put_pidfd:
if (clone_flags & CLONE_PIDFD) {
fput(pidfile);
put_unused_fd(pidfd);
}
bad_fork_free_pid:
if (pid != &init_struct_pid)
free_pid(pid);
bad_fork_cleanup_thread:
exit_thread(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_io:
if (p->io_context)
exit_io_context(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_namespaces:
exit_task_namespaces(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_mm:
if (p->mm) {
mm_clear_owner(p->mm, p);
mmput(p->mm);
}
bad_fork_cleanup_signal:
if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD))
free_signal_struct(p->signal);
bad_fork_cleanup_sighand:
__cleanup_sighand(p->sighand);
bad_fork_cleanup_fs:
exit_fs(p); /* blocking */
bad_fork_cleanup_files:
exit_files(p); /* blocking */
bad_fork_cleanup_semundo:
exit_sem(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_security:
security_task_free(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_audit:
audit_free(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_perf:
perf_event_free_task(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_policy:
lockdep_free_task(p);
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
mpol_put(p->mempolicy);
bad_fork_cleanup_threadgroup_lock:
#endif
delayacct_tsk_free(p);
bad_fork_cleanup_count:
atomic_dec(&p->cred->user->processes);
exit_creds(p);
bad_fork_free:
p->state = TASK_DEAD;
put_task_stack(p);
delayed_free_task(p);
fork_out:
spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
hlist_del_init(&delayed.node);
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
return ERR_PTR(retval);
}
static inline void init_idle_pids(struct task_struct *idle)
{
enum pid_type type;
for (type = PIDTYPE_PID; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type) {
INIT_HLIST_NODE(&idle->pid_links[type]); /* not really needed */
init_task_pid(idle, type, &init_struct_pid);
}
}
struct task_struct *fork_idle(int cpu)
{
struct task_struct *task;
struct kernel_clone_args args = {
.flags = CLONE_VM,
};
task = copy_process(&init_struct_pid, 0, cpu_to_node(cpu), &args);
if (!IS_ERR(task)) {
init_idle_pids(task);
init_idle(task, cpu);
}
return task;
}
struct mm_struct *copy_init_mm(void)
{
return dup_mm(NULL, &init_mm);
}
/*
* Ok, this is the main fork-routine.
*
* It copies the process, and if successful kick-starts
* it and waits for it to finish using the VM if required.
*
* args->exit_signal is expected to be checked for sanity by the caller.
*/
long _do_fork(struct kernel_clone_args *args)
{
u64 clone_flags = args->flags;
struct completion vfork;
struct pid *pid;
struct task_struct *p;
int trace = 0;
long nr;
/*
* Determine whether and which event to report to ptracer. When
* called from kernel_thread or CLONE_UNTRACED is explicitly
* requested, no event is reported; otherwise, report if the event
* for the type of forking is enabled.
*/
if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_UNTRACED)) {
if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK)
trace = PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK;
else if (args->exit_signal != SIGCHLD)
trace = PTRACE_EVENT_CLONE;
else
trace = PTRACE_EVENT_FORK;
if (likely(!ptrace_event_enabled(current, trace)))
trace = 0;
}
p = copy_process(NULL, trace, NUMA_NO_NODE, args);
add_latent_entropy();
if (IS_ERR(p))
return PTR_ERR(p);
/*
* Do this prior waking up the new thread - the thread pointer
* might get invalid after that point, if the thread exits quickly.
*/
trace_sched_process_fork(current, p);
pid = get_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID);
nr = pid_vnr(pid);
if (clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT_SETTID)
put_user(nr, args->parent_tid);
if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) {
p->vfork_done = &vfork;
init_completion(&vfork);
get_task_struct(p);
}
wake_up_new_task(p);
/* forking complete and child started to run, tell ptracer */
if (unlikely(trace))
ptrace_event_pid(trace, pid);
if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) {
if (!wait_for_vfork_done(p, &vfork))
ptrace_event_pid(PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK_DONE, pid);
}
put_pid(pid);
return nr;
}
bool legacy_clone_args_valid(const struct kernel_clone_args *kargs)
{
/* clone(CLONE_PIDFD) uses parent_tidptr to return a pidfd */
if ((kargs->flags & CLONE_PIDFD) &&
(kargs->flags & CLONE_PARENT_SETTID))
return false;
return true;
}
#ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_COPY_THREAD_TLS
/* For compatibility with architectures that call do_fork directly rather than
* using the syscall entry points below. */
long do_fork(unsigned long clone_flags,
unsigned long stack_start,
unsigned long stack_size,
int __user *parent_tidptr,
int __user *child_tidptr)
{
struct kernel_clone_args args = {
.flags = (clone_flags & ~CSIGNAL),
.pidfd = parent_tidptr,
.child_tid = child_tidptr,
.parent_tid = parent_tidptr,
.exit_signal = (clone_flags & CSIGNAL),
.stack = stack_start,
.stack_size = stack_size,
};
if (!legacy_clone_args_valid(&args))
return -EINVAL;
return _do_fork(&args);
}
#endif
/*
* Create a kernel thread.
*/
pid_t kernel_thread(int (*fn)(void *), void *arg, unsigned long flags)
{
struct kernel_clone_args args = {
.flags = ((flags | CLONE_VM | CLONE_UNTRACED) & ~CSIGNAL),
.exit_signal = (flags & CSIGNAL),
.stack = (unsigned long)fn,
.stack_size = (unsigned long)arg,
};
return _do_fork(&args);
}
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_FORK
SYSCALL_DEFINE0(fork)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
struct kernel_clone_args args = {
.exit_signal = SIGCHLD,
};
return _do_fork(&args);
#else
/* can not support in nommu mode */
return -EINVAL;
#endif
}
#endif
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_VFORK
SYSCALL_DEFINE0(vfork)
{
struct kernel_clone_args args = {
.flags = CLONE_VFORK | CLONE_VM,
.exit_signal = SIGCHLD,
};
return _do_fork(&args);
}
#endif
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_CLONE
#ifdef CONFIG_CLONE_BACKWARDS
SYSCALL_DEFINE5(clone, unsigned long, clone_flags, unsigned long, newsp,
int __user *, parent_tidptr,
unsigned long, tls,
int __user *, child_tidptr)
#elif defined(CONFIG_CLONE_BACKWARDS2)
SYSCALL_DEFINE5(clone, unsigned long, newsp, unsigned long, clone_flags,
int __user *, parent_tidptr,
int __user *, child_tidptr,
unsigned long, tls)
#elif defined(CONFIG_CLONE_BACKWARDS3)
SYSCALL_DEFINE6(clone, unsigned long, clone_flags, unsigned long, newsp,
int, stack_size,
int __user *, parent_tidptr,
int __user *, child_tidptr,
unsigned long, tls)
#else
SYSCALL_DEFINE5(clone, unsigned long, clone_flags, unsigned long, newsp,
int __user *, parent_tidptr,
int __user *, child_tidptr,
unsigned long, tls)
#endif
{
struct kernel_clone_args args = {
.flags = (clone_flags & ~CSIGNAL),
.pidfd = parent_tidptr,
.child_tid = child_tidptr,
.parent_tid = parent_tidptr,
.exit_signal = (clone_flags & CSIGNAL),
.stack = newsp,
.tls = tls,
};
if (!legacy_clone_args_valid(&args))
return -EINVAL;
return _do_fork(&args);
}
#endif
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_CLONE3
noinline static int copy_clone_args_from_user(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs,
struct clone_args __user *uargs,
size_t usize)
{
int err;
struct clone_args args;
pid_t *kset_tid = kargs->set_tid;
if (unlikely(usize > PAGE_SIZE))
return -E2BIG;
if (unlikely(usize < CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER0))
return -EINVAL;
err = copy_struct_from_user(&args, sizeof(args), uargs, usize);
if (err)
return err;
if (unlikely(args.set_tid_size > MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL))
return -EINVAL;
if (unlikely(!args.set_tid && args.set_tid_size > 0))
return -EINVAL;
if (unlikely(args.set_tid && args.set_tid_size == 0))
return -EINVAL;
/*
* Verify that higher 32bits of exit_signal are unset and that
* it is a valid signal
*/
if (unlikely((args.exit_signal & ~((u64)CSIGNAL)) ||
!valid_signal(args.exit_signal)))
return -EINVAL;
*kargs = (struct kernel_clone_args){
.flags = args.flags,
.pidfd = u64_to_user_ptr(args.pidfd),
.child_tid = u64_to_user_ptr(args.child_tid),
.parent_tid = u64_to_user_ptr(args.parent_tid),
.exit_signal = args.exit_signal,
.stack = args.stack,
.stack_size = args.stack_size,
.tls = args.tls,
.set_tid_size = args.set_tid_size,
};
if (args.set_tid &&
copy_from_user(kset_tid, u64_to_user_ptr(args.set_tid),
(kargs->set_tid_size * sizeof(pid_t))))
return -EFAULT;
kargs->set_tid = kset_tid;
return 0;
}
/**
* clone3_stack_valid - check and prepare stack
* @kargs: kernel clone args
*
* Verify that the stack arguments userspace gave us are sane.
* In addition, set the stack direction for userspace since it's easy for us to
* determine.
*/
static inline bool clone3_stack_valid(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs)
{
if (kargs->stack == 0) {
if (kargs->stack_size > 0)
return false;
} else {
if (kargs->stack_size == 0)
return false;
if (!access_ok((void __user *)kargs->stack, kargs->stack_size))
return false;
#if !defined(CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP) && !defined(CONFIG_IA64)
kargs->stack += kargs->stack_size;
#endif
}
return true;
}
static bool clone3_args_valid(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs)
{
/* Verify that no unknown flags are passed along. */
if (kargs->flags & ~(CLONE_LEGACY_FLAGS | CLONE_CLEAR_SIGHAND))
return false;
/*
* - make the CLONE_DETACHED bit reuseable for clone3
* - make the CSIGNAL bits reuseable for clone3
*/
if (kargs->flags & (CLONE_DETACHED | CSIGNAL))
return false;
if ((kargs->flags & (CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_CLEAR_SIGHAND)) ==
(CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_CLEAR_SIGHAND))
return false;
if ((kargs->flags & (CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_PARENT)) &&
kargs->exit_signal)
return false;
if (!clone3_stack_valid(kargs))
return false;
return true;
}
/**
* clone3 - create a new process with specific properties
* @uargs: argument structure
* @size: size of @uargs
*
* clone3() is the extensible successor to clone()/clone2().
* It takes a struct as argument that is versioned by its size.
*
* Return: On success, a positive PID for the child process.
* On error, a negative errno number.
*/
SYSCALL_DEFINE2(clone3, struct clone_args __user *, uargs, size_t, size)
{
int err;
struct kernel_clone_args kargs;
pid_t set_tid[MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL];
kargs.set_tid = set_tid;
err = copy_clone_args_from_user(&kargs, uargs, size);
if (err)
return err;
if (!clone3_args_valid(&kargs))
return -EINVAL;
return _do_fork(&kargs);
}
#endif
void walk_process_tree(struct task_struct *top, proc_visitor visitor, void *data)
{
struct task_struct *leader, *parent, *child;
int res;
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
leader = top = top->group_leader;
down:
for_each_thread(leader, parent) {
list_for_each_entry(child, &parent->children, sibling) {
res = visitor(child, data);
if (res) {
if (res < 0)
goto out;
leader = child;
goto down;
}
up:
;
}
}
if (leader != top) {
child = leader;
parent = child->real_parent;
leader = parent->group_leader;
goto up;
}
out:
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
}
#ifndef ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN
#define ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN 0
#endif
static void sighand_ctor(void *data)
{
struct sighand_struct *sighand = data;
spin_lock_init(&sighand->siglock);
init_waitqueue_head(&sighand->signalfd_wqh);
}
void __init proc_caches_init(void)
{
unsigned int mm_size;
sighand_cachep = kmem_cache_create("sighand_cache",
sizeof(struct sighand_struct), 0,
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU|
SLAB_ACCOUNT, sighand_ctor);
signal_cachep = kmem_cache_create("signal_cache",
sizeof(struct signal_struct), 0,
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT,
NULL);
files_cachep = kmem_cache_create("files_cache",
sizeof(struct files_struct), 0,
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT,
NULL);
fs_cachep = kmem_cache_create("fs_cache",
sizeof(struct fs_struct), 0,
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT,
NULL);
/*
* The mm_cpumask is located at the end of mm_struct, and is
* dynamically sized based on the maximum CPU number this system
* can have, taking hotplug into account (nr_cpu_ids).
*/
mm_size = sizeof(struct mm_struct) + cpumask_size();
mm_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("mm_struct",
mm_size, ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN,
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT,
offsetof(struct mm_struct, saved_auxv),
sizeof_field(struct mm_struct, saved_auxv),
NULL);
vm_area_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(vm_area_struct, SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT);
mmap_init();
nsproxy_cache_init();
}
/*
* Check constraints on flags passed to the unshare system call.
*/
static int check_unshare_flags(unsigned long unshare_flags)
{
if (unshare_flags & ~(CLONE_THREAD|CLONE_FS|CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_SIGHAND|
CLONE_VM|CLONE_FILES|CLONE_SYSVSEM|
CLONE_NEWUTS|CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_NEWNET|
CLONE_NEWUSER|CLONE_NEWPID|CLONE_NEWCGROUP))
return -EINVAL;
/*
* Not implemented, but pretend it works if there is nothing
* to unshare. Note that unsharing the address space or the
* signal handlers also need to unshare the signal queues (aka
* CLONE_THREAD).
*/
if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_VM)) {
if (!thread_group_empty(current))
return -EINVAL;
}
if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_VM)) {
if (refcount_read(&current->sighand->count) > 1)
return -EINVAL;
}
if (unshare_flags & CLONE_VM) {
if (!current_is_single_threaded())
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Unshare the filesystem structure if it is being shared
*/
static int unshare_fs(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct fs_struct **new_fsp)
{
struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs;
if (!(unshare_flags & CLONE_FS) || !fs)
return 0;
/* don't need lock here; in the worst case we'll do useless copy */
if (fs->users == 1)
return 0;
*new_fsp = copy_fs_struct(fs);
if (!*new_fsp)
return -ENOMEM;
return 0;
}
/*
* Unshare file descriptor table if it is being shared
*/
static int unshare_fd(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct files_struct **new_fdp)
{
struct files_struct *fd = current->files;
int error = 0;
if ((unshare_flags & CLONE_FILES) &&
(fd && atomic_read(&fd->count) > 1)) {
*new_fdp = dup_fd(fd, &error);
if (!*new_fdp)
return error;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* unshare allows a process to 'unshare' part of the process
* context which was originally shared using clone. copy_*
* functions used by do_fork() cannot be used here directly
* because they modify an inactive task_struct that is being
* constructed. Here we are modifying the current, active,
* task_struct.
*/
int ksys_unshare(unsigned long unshare_flags)
{
struct fs_struct *fs, *new_fs = NULL;
struct files_struct *fd, *new_fd = NULL;
struct cred *new_cred = NULL;
struct nsproxy *new_nsproxy = NULL;
int do_sysvsem = 0;
int err;
/*
* If unsharing a user namespace must also unshare the thread group
* and unshare the filesystem root and working directories.
*/
if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER)
unshare_flags |= CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_FS;
/*
* If unsharing vm, must also unshare signal handlers.
*/
if (unshare_flags & CLONE_VM)
unshare_flags |= CLONE_SIGHAND;
/*
* If unsharing a signal handlers, must also unshare the signal queues.
*/
if (unshare_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND)
unshare_flags |= CLONE_THREAD;
/*
* If unsharing namespace, must also unshare filesystem information.
*/
if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWNS)
unshare_flags |= CLONE_FS;
err = check_unshare_flags(unshare_flags);
if (err)
goto bad_unshare_out;
/*
* CLONE_NEWIPC must also detach from the undolist: after switching
* to a new ipc namespace, the semaphore arrays from the old
* namespace are unreachable.
*/
if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_SYSVSEM))
do_sysvsem = 1;
err = unshare_fs(unshare_flags, &new_fs);
if (err)
goto bad_unshare_out;
err = unshare_fd(unshare_flags, &new_fd);
if (err)