mm/vmalloc.c: fix percpu free VM area search criteria

Recent changes to the vmalloc code by commit 68ad4a330433
("mm/vmalloc.c: keep track of free blocks for vmap allocation") can
cause spurious percpu allocation failures.  These, in turn, can result
in panic()s in the slub code.  One such possible panic was reported by
Dave Hansen in following link
Another related panic observed is,

 RIP: 0033:0x7f46f7441b9b
 Call Trace:

VMALLOC memory manager divides the entire VMALLOC space (VMALLOC_START
to VMALLOC_END) into multiple VM areas (struct vm_areas), and it mainly
uses two lists (vmap_area_list & free_vmap_area_list) to track the used
and free VM areas in VMALLOC space.  And pcpu_get_vm_areas(offsets[],
sizes[], nr_vms, align) function is used for allocating congruent VM
areas for percpu memory allocator.  In order to not conflict with
VMALLOC users, pcpu_get_vm_areas allocates VM areas near the end of the
VMALLOC space.  So the search for free vm_area for the given requirement
starts near VMALLOC_END and moves upwards towards VMALLOC_START.

Prior to commit 68ad4a330433, the search for free vm_area in
pcpu_get_vm_areas() involves following two main steps.

Step 1:
    Find a aligned "base" adress near VMALLOC_END.
    va = free vm area near VMALLOC_END
Step 2:
    Loop through number of requested vm_areas and check,
        Step 2.1:
           if (base < VMALLOC_START)
              1. fail with error
        Step 2.2:
           // end is offsets[area] + sizes[area]
           if (base + end > va->vm_end)
               1. Move the base downwards and repeat Step 2
        Step 2.3:
           if (base + start < va->vm_start)
              1. Move to previous free vm_area node, find aligned
                 base address and repeat Step 2

But Commit 68ad4a330433 removed Step 2.2 and modified Step 2.3 as below:

        Step 2.3:
           if (base + start < va->vm_start || base + end > va->vm_end)
              1. Move to previous free vm_area node, find aligned
                 base address and repeat Step 2

Above change is the root cause of spurious percpu memory allocation
failures.  For example, consider a case where a relatively large vm_area
(~ 30 TB) was ignored in free vm_area search because it did not pass the
base + end < vm->vm_end boundary check.  Ignoring such large free
vm_area's would lead to not finding free vm_area within boundary of
VMALLOC_start to VMALLOC_END which in turn leads to allocation failures.

So modify the search algorithm to include Step 2.2.

Fixes: 68ad4a330433 ("mm/vmalloc.c: keep track of free blocks for vmap allocation")
Signed-off-by: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <>
Reported-by: Dave Hansen <>
Acked-by: Dennis Zhou <>
Reviewed-by: Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) <>
Cc: Roman Gushchin <>
Cc: sathyanarayanan kuppuswamy <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
1 file changed