mm/memcontrol.c: fix use after free in mem_cgroup_iter()

This patch is sent to report an use after free in mem_cgroup_iter()
after merging commit be2657752e9e ("mm: memcg: fix use after free in
mem_cgroup_iter()").

I work with android kernel tree (4.9 & 4.14), and commit be2657752e9e
("mm: memcg: fix use after free in mem_cgroup_iter()") has been merged
to the trees.  However, I can still observe use after free issues
addressed in the commit be2657752e9e.  (on low-end devices, a few times
this month)

backtrace:
        css_tryget <- crash here
        mem_cgroup_iter
        shrink_node
        shrink_zones
        do_try_to_free_pages
        try_to_free_pages
        __perform_reclaim
        __alloc_pages_direct_reclaim
        __alloc_pages_slowpath
        __alloc_pages_nodemask

To debug, I poisoned mem_cgroup before freeing it:

  static void __mem_cgroup_free(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
        for_each_node(node)
        free_mem_cgroup_per_node_info(memcg, node);
        free_percpu(memcg->stat);
  +     /* poison memcg before freeing it */
  +     memset(memcg, 0x78, sizeof(struct mem_cgroup));
        kfree(memcg);
  }

The coredump shows the position=0xdbbc2a00 is freed.

  (gdb) p/x ((struct mem_cgroup_per_node *)0xe5009e00)->iter[8]
  $13 = {position = 0xdbbc2a00, generation = 0x2efd}

  0xdbbc2a00:     0xdbbc2e00      0x00000000      0xdbbc2800      0x00000100
  0xdbbc2a10:     0x00000200      0x78787878      0x00026218      0x00000000
  0xdbbc2a20:     0xdcad6000      0x00000001      0x78787800      0x00000000
  0xdbbc2a30:     0x78780000      0x00000000      0x0068fb84      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2a40:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0xe3fa5cc0
  0xdbbc2a50:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x00000000      0x00000000
  0xdbbc2a60:     0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000000
  0xdbbc2a70:     0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000000
  0xdbbc2a80:     0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000000
  0xdbbc2a90:     0x00000001      0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00100000
  0xdbbc2aa0:     0x00000001      0xdbbc2ac8      0x00000000      0x00000000
  0xdbbc2ab0:     0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000000
  0xdbbc2ac0:     0x00000000      0x00000000      0xe5b02618      0x00001000
  0xdbbc2ad0:     0x00000000      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2ae0:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2af0:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2b00:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2b10:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2b20:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2b30:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2b40:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2b50:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2b60:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2b70:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2b80:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x00000000      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2b90:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878
  0xdbbc2ba0:     0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878      0x78787878

In the reclaim path, try_to_free_pages() does not setup
sc.target_mem_cgroup and sc is passed to do_try_to_free_pages(), ...,
shrink_node().

In mem_cgroup_iter(), root is set to root_mem_cgroup because
sc->target_mem_cgroup is NULL.  It is possible to assign a memcg to
root_mem_cgroup.nodeinfo.iter in mem_cgroup_iter().

        try_to_free_pages
        	struct scan_control sc = {...}, target_mem_cgroup is 0x0;
        do_try_to_free_pages
        shrink_zones
        shrink_node
        	 mem_cgroup *root = sc->target_mem_cgroup;
        	 memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(root, NULL, &reclaim);
        mem_cgroup_iter()
        	if (!root)
        		root = root_mem_cgroup;
        	...

        	css = css_next_descendant_pre(css, &root->css);
        	memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(css);
        	cmpxchg(&iter->position, pos, memcg);

My device uses memcg non-hierarchical mode.  When we release a memcg:
invalidate_reclaim_iterators() reaches only dead_memcg and its parents.
If non-hierarchical mode is used, invalidate_reclaim_iterators() never
reaches root_mem_cgroup.

  static void invalidate_reclaim_iterators(struct mem_cgroup *dead_memcg)
  {
        struct mem_cgroup *memcg = dead_memcg;

        for (; memcg; memcg = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg)
        ...
  }

So the use after free scenario looks like:

  CPU1						CPU2

  try_to_free_pages
  do_try_to_free_pages
  shrink_zones
  shrink_node
  mem_cgroup_iter()
      if (!root)
      	root = root_mem_cgroup;
      ...
      css = css_next_descendant_pre(css, &root->css);
      memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(css);
      cmpxchg(&iter->position, pos, memcg);

        				invalidate_reclaim_iterators(memcg);
        				...
        				__mem_cgroup_free()
        					kfree(memcg);

  try_to_free_pages
  do_try_to_free_pages
  shrink_zones
  shrink_node
  mem_cgroup_iter()
      if (!root)
      	root = root_mem_cgroup;
      ...
      mz = mem_cgroup_nodeinfo(root, reclaim->pgdat->node_id);
      iter = &mz->iter[reclaim->priority];
      pos = READ_ONCE(iter->position);
      css_tryget(&pos->css) <- use after free

To avoid this, we should also invalidate root_mem_cgroup.nodeinfo.iter
in invalidate_reclaim_iterators().

[cai@lca.pw: fix -Wparentheses compilation warning]
  Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1564580753-17531-1-git-send-email-cai@lca.pw
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190730015729.4406-1-miles.chen@mediatek.com
Fixes: 5ac8fb31ad2e ("mm: memcontrol: convert reclaim iterator to simple css refcounting")
Signed-off-by: Miles Chen <miles.chen@mediatek.com>
Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
1 file changed