drivercore: Add driver probe deferral mechanism

Allow drivers to report at probe time that they cannot get all the resources
required by the device, and should be retried at a later time.

This should completely solve the problem of getting devices
initialized in the right order.  Right now this is mostly handled by
mucking about with initcall ordering which is a complete hack, and
doesn't even remotely handle the case where device drivers are in
modules.  This approach completely sidesteps the issues by allowing
driver registration to occur in any order, and any driver can request
to be retried after a few more other drivers get probed.

v4: - Integrate Manjunath's addition of a separate workqueue
    - Change -EAGAIN to -EPROBE_DEFER for drivers to trigger deferral
    - Update comment blocks to reflect how the code really works
v3: - Hold off workqueue scheduling until late_initcall so that the bulk
      of driver probes are complete before we start retrying deferred devices.
    - Tested with simple use cases.  Still needs more testing though.
      Using it to get rid of the gpio early_initcall madness, or to replace
      the ASoC internal probe deferral code would be ideal.
v2: - added locking so it should no longer be utterly broken in that regard
    - remove device from deferred list at device_del time.
    - Still completely untested with any real use case, but has been
      boot tested.

Signed-off-by: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Acked-by: David Daney <david.daney@cavium.com>
Reviewed-by: Mark Brown <broonie@opensource.wolfsonmicro.com>
Reviewed-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Dilan Lee <dilee@nvidia.com>
Cc: Manjunath GKondaiah <manjunath.gkondaiah@linaro.org>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
5 files changed