blob: cbbe6b6535be89fefec626bf759ddfedae9cb07e [file] [log] [blame]
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/*
* Copyright (C) 2015 Shaohua Li <shli@fb.com>
* Copyright (C) 2016 Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
* under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
* version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
* ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
* more details.
*
*/
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/raid/md_p.h>
#include <linux/crc32c.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include "md.h"
#include "raid5.h"
#include "md-bitmap.h"
#include "raid5-log.h"
/*
* metadata/data stored in disk with 4k size unit (a block) regardless
* underneath hardware sector size. only works with PAGE_SIZE == 4096
*/
#define BLOCK_SECTORS (8)
#define BLOCK_SECTOR_SHIFT (3)
/*
* log->max_free_space is min(1/4 disk size, 10G reclaimable space).
*
* In write through mode, the reclaim runs every log->max_free_space.
* This can prevent the recovery scans for too long
*/
#define RECLAIM_MAX_FREE_SPACE (10 * 1024 * 1024 * 2) /* sector */
#define RECLAIM_MAX_FREE_SPACE_SHIFT (2)
/* wake up reclaim thread periodically */
#define R5C_RECLAIM_WAKEUP_INTERVAL (30 * HZ)
/* start flush with these full stripes */
#define R5C_FULL_STRIPE_FLUSH_BATCH(conf) (conf->max_nr_stripes / 4)
/* reclaim stripes in groups */
#define R5C_RECLAIM_STRIPE_GROUP (NR_STRIPE_HASH_LOCKS * 2)
/*
* We only need 2 bios per I/O unit to make progress, but ensure we
* have a few more available to not get too tight.
*/
#define R5L_POOL_SIZE 4
static char *r5c_journal_mode_str[] = {"write-through",
"write-back"};
/*
* raid5 cache state machine
*
* With the RAID cache, each stripe works in two phases:
* - caching phase
* - writing-out phase
*
* These two phases are controlled by bit STRIPE_R5C_CACHING:
* if STRIPE_R5C_CACHING == 0, the stripe is in writing-out phase
* if STRIPE_R5C_CACHING == 1, the stripe is in caching phase
*
* When there is no journal, or the journal is in write-through mode,
* the stripe is always in writing-out phase.
*
* For write-back journal, the stripe is sent to caching phase on write
* (r5c_try_caching_write). r5c_make_stripe_write_out() kicks off
* the write-out phase by clearing STRIPE_R5C_CACHING.
*
* Stripes in caching phase do not write the raid disks. Instead, all
* writes are committed from the log device. Therefore, a stripe in
* caching phase handles writes as:
* - write to log device
* - return IO
*
* Stripes in writing-out phase handle writes as:
* - calculate parity
* - write pending data and parity to journal
* - write data and parity to raid disks
* - return IO for pending writes
*/
struct r5l_log {
struct md_rdev *rdev;
u32 uuid_checksum;
sector_t device_size; /* log device size, round to
* BLOCK_SECTORS */
sector_t max_free_space; /* reclaim run if free space is at
* this size */
sector_t last_checkpoint; /* log tail. where recovery scan
* starts from */
u64 last_cp_seq; /* log tail sequence */
sector_t log_start; /* log head. where new data appends */
u64 seq; /* log head sequence */
sector_t next_checkpoint;
struct mutex io_mutex;
struct r5l_io_unit *current_io; /* current io_unit accepting new data */
spinlock_t io_list_lock;
struct list_head running_ios; /* io_units which are still running,
* and have not yet been completely
* written to the log */
struct list_head io_end_ios; /* io_units which have been completely
* written to the log but not yet written
* to the RAID */
struct list_head flushing_ios; /* io_units which are waiting for log
* cache flush */
struct list_head finished_ios; /* io_units which settle down in log disk */
struct bio flush_bio;
struct list_head no_mem_stripes; /* pending stripes, -ENOMEM */
struct kmem_cache *io_kc;
mempool_t io_pool;
struct bio_set bs;
mempool_t meta_pool;
struct md_thread *reclaim_thread;
unsigned long reclaim_target; /* number of space that need to be
* reclaimed. if it's 0, reclaim spaces
* used by io_units which are in
* IO_UNIT_STRIPE_END state (eg, reclaim
* dones't wait for specific io_unit
* switching to IO_UNIT_STRIPE_END
* state) */
wait_queue_head_t iounit_wait;
struct list_head no_space_stripes; /* pending stripes, log has no space */
spinlock_t no_space_stripes_lock;
bool need_cache_flush;
/* for r5c_cache */
enum r5c_journal_mode r5c_journal_mode;
/* all stripes in r5cache, in the order of seq at sh->log_start */
struct list_head stripe_in_journal_list;
spinlock_t stripe_in_journal_lock;
atomic_t stripe_in_journal_count;
/* to submit async io_units, to fulfill ordering of flush */
struct work_struct deferred_io_work;
/* to disable write back during in degraded mode */
struct work_struct disable_writeback_work;
/* to for chunk_aligned_read in writeback mode, details below */
spinlock_t tree_lock;
struct radix_tree_root big_stripe_tree;
};
/*
* Enable chunk_aligned_read() with write back cache.
*
* Each chunk may contain more than one stripe (for example, a 256kB
* chunk contains 64 4kB-page, so this chunk contain 64 stripes). For
* chunk_aligned_read, these stripes are grouped into one "big_stripe".
* For each big_stripe, we count how many stripes of this big_stripe
* are in the write back cache. These data are tracked in a radix tree
* (big_stripe_tree). We use radix_tree item pointer as the counter.
* r5c_tree_index() is used to calculate keys for the radix tree.
*
* chunk_aligned_read() calls r5c_big_stripe_cached() to look up
* big_stripe of each chunk in the tree. If this big_stripe is in the
* tree, chunk_aligned_read() aborts. This look up is protected by
* rcu_read_lock().
*
* It is necessary to remember whether a stripe is counted in
* big_stripe_tree. Instead of adding new flag, we reuses existing flags:
* STRIPE_R5C_PARTIAL_STRIPE and STRIPE_R5C_FULL_STRIPE. If either of these
* two flags are set, the stripe is counted in big_stripe_tree. This
* requires moving set_bit(STRIPE_R5C_PARTIAL_STRIPE) to
* r5c_try_caching_write(); and moving clear_bit of
* STRIPE_R5C_PARTIAL_STRIPE and STRIPE_R5C_FULL_STRIPE to
* r5c_finish_stripe_write_out().
*/
/*
* radix tree requests lowest 2 bits of data pointer to be 2b'00.
* So it is necessary to left shift the counter by 2 bits before using it
* as data pointer of the tree.
*/
#define R5C_RADIX_COUNT_SHIFT 2
/*
* calculate key for big_stripe_tree
*
* sect: align_bi->bi_iter.bi_sector or sh->sector
*/
static inline sector_t r5c_tree_index(struct r5conf *conf,
sector_t sect)
{
sector_t offset;
offset = sector_div(sect, conf->chunk_sectors);
return sect;
}
/*
* an IO range starts from a meta data block and end at the next meta data
* block. The io unit's the meta data block tracks data/parity followed it. io
* unit is written to log disk with normal write, as we always flush log disk
* first and then start move data to raid disks, there is no requirement to
* write io unit with FLUSH/FUA
*/
struct r5l_io_unit {
struct r5l_log *log;
struct page *meta_page; /* store meta block */
int meta_offset; /* current offset in meta_page */
struct bio *current_bio;/* current_bio accepting new data */
atomic_t pending_stripe;/* how many stripes not flushed to raid */
u64 seq; /* seq number of the metablock */
sector_t log_start; /* where the io_unit starts */
sector_t log_end; /* where the io_unit ends */
struct list_head log_sibling; /* log->running_ios */
struct list_head stripe_list; /* stripes added to the io_unit */
int state;
bool need_split_bio;
struct bio *split_bio;
unsigned int has_flush:1; /* include flush request */
unsigned int has_fua:1; /* include fua request */
unsigned int has_null_flush:1; /* include null flush request */
unsigned int has_flush_payload:1; /* include flush payload */
/*
* io isn't sent yet, flush/fua request can only be submitted till it's
* the first IO in running_ios list
*/
unsigned int io_deferred:1;
struct bio_list flush_barriers; /* size == 0 flush bios */
};
/* r5l_io_unit state */
enum r5l_io_unit_state {
IO_UNIT_RUNNING = 0, /* accepting new IO */
IO_UNIT_IO_START = 1, /* io_unit bio start writing to log,
* don't accepting new bio */
IO_UNIT_IO_END = 2, /* io_unit bio finish writing to log */
IO_UNIT_STRIPE_END = 3, /* stripes data finished writing to raid */
};
bool r5c_is_writeback(struct r5l_log *log)
{
return (log != NULL &&
log->r5c_journal_mode == R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_BACK);
}
static sector_t r5l_ring_add(struct r5l_log *log, sector_t start, sector_t inc)
{
start += inc;
if (start >= log->device_size)
start = start - log->device_size;
return start;
}
static sector_t r5l_ring_distance(struct r5l_log *log, sector_t start,
sector_t end)
{
if (end >= start)
return end - start;
else
return end + log->device_size - start;
}
static bool r5l_has_free_space(struct r5l_log *log, sector_t size)
{
sector_t used_size;
used_size = r5l_ring_distance(log, log->last_checkpoint,
log->log_start);
return log->device_size > used_size + size;
}
static void __r5l_set_io_unit_state(struct r5l_io_unit *io,
enum r5l_io_unit_state state)
{
if (WARN_ON(io->state >= state))
return;
io->state = state;
}
static void
r5c_return_dev_pending_writes(struct r5conf *conf, struct r5dev *dev)
{
struct bio *wbi, *wbi2;
wbi = dev->written;
dev->written = NULL;
while (wbi && wbi->bi_iter.bi_sector <
dev->sector + STRIPE_SECTORS) {
wbi2 = r5_next_bio(wbi, dev->sector);
md_write_end(conf->mddev);
bio_endio(wbi);
wbi = wbi2;
}
}
void r5c_handle_cached_data_endio(struct r5conf *conf,
struct stripe_head *sh, int disks)
{
int i;
for (i = sh->disks; i--; ) {
if (sh->dev[i].written) {
set_bit(R5_UPTODATE, &sh->dev[i].flags);
r5c_return_dev_pending_writes(conf, &sh->dev[i]);
md_bitmap_endwrite(conf->mddev->bitmap, sh->sector,
STRIPE_SECTORS,
!test_bit(STRIPE_DEGRADED, &sh->state),
0);
}
}
}
void r5l_wake_reclaim(struct r5l_log *log, sector_t space);
/* Check whether we should flush some stripes to free up stripe cache */
void r5c_check_stripe_cache_usage(struct r5conf *conf)
{
int total_cached;
if (!r5c_is_writeback(conf->log))
return;
total_cached = atomic_read(&conf->r5c_cached_partial_stripes) +
atomic_read(&conf->r5c_cached_full_stripes);
/*
* The following condition is true for either of the following:
* - stripe cache pressure high:
* total_cached > 3/4 min_nr_stripes ||
* empty_inactive_list_nr > 0
* - stripe cache pressure moderate:
* total_cached > 1/2 min_nr_stripes
*/
if (total_cached > conf->min_nr_stripes * 1 / 2 ||
atomic_read(&conf->empty_inactive_list_nr) > 0)
r5l_wake_reclaim(conf->log, 0);
}
/*
* flush cache when there are R5C_FULL_STRIPE_FLUSH_BATCH or more full
* stripes in the cache
*/
void r5c_check_cached_full_stripe(struct r5conf *conf)
{
if (!r5c_is_writeback(conf->log))
return;
/*
* wake up reclaim for R5C_FULL_STRIPE_FLUSH_BATCH cached stripes
* or a full stripe (chunk size / 4k stripes).
*/
if (atomic_read(&conf->r5c_cached_full_stripes) >=
min(R5C_FULL_STRIPE_FLUSH_BATCH(conf),
conf->chunk_sectors >> STRIPE_SHIFT))
r5l_wake_reclaim(conf->log, 0);
}
/*
* Total log space (in sectors) needed to flush all data in cache
*
* To avoid deadlock due to log space, it is necessary to reserve log
* space to flush critical stripes (stripes that occupying log space near
* last_checkpoint). This function helps check how much log space is
* required to flush all cached stripes.
*
* To reduce log space requirements, two mechanisms are used to give cache
* flush higher priorities:
* 1. In handle_stripe_dirtying() and schedule_reconstruction(),
* stripes ALREADY in journal can be flushed w/o pending writes;
* 2. In r5l_write_stripe() and r5c_cache_data(), stripes NOT in journal
* can be delayed (r5l_add_no_space_stripe).
*
* In cache flush, the stripe goes through 1 and then 2. For a stripe that
* already passed 1, flushing it requires at most (conf->max_degraded + 1)
* pages of journal space. For stripes that has not passed 1, flushing it
* requires (conf->raid_disks + 1) pages of journal space. There are at
* most (conf->group_cnt + 1) stripe that passed 1. So total journal space
* required to flush all cached stripes (in pages) is:
*
* (stripe_in_journal_count - group_cnt - 1) * (max_degraded + 1) +
* (group_cnt + 1) * (raid_disks + 1)
* or
* (stripe_in_journal_count) * (max_degraded + 1) +
* (group_cnt + 1) * (raid_disks - max_degraded)
*/
static sector_t r5c_log_required_to_flush_cache(struct r5conf *conf)
{
struct r5l_log *log = conf->log;
if (!r5c_is_writeback(log))
return 0;
return BLOCK_SECTORS *
((conf->max_degraded + 1) * atomic_read(&log->stripe_in_journal_count) +
(conf->raid_disks - conf->max_degraded) * (conf->group_cnt + 1));
}
/*
* evaluate log space usage and update R5C_LOG_TIGHT and R5C_LOG_CRITICAL
*
* R5C_LOG_TIGHT is set when free space on the log device is less than 3x of
* reclaim_required_space. R5C_LOG_CRITICAL is set when free space on the log
* device is less than 2x of reclaim_required_space.
*/
static inline void r5c_update_log_state(struct r5l_log *log)
{
struct r5conf *conf = log->rdev->mddev->private;
sector_t free_space;
sector_t reclaim_space;
bool wake_reclaim = false;
if (!r5c_is_writeback(log))
return;
free_space = r5l_ring_distance(log, log->log_start,
log->last_checkpoint);
reclaim_space = r5c_log_required_to_flush_cache(conf);
if (free_space < 2 * reclaim_space)
set_bit(R5C_LOG_CRITICAL, &conf->cache_state);
else {
if (test_bit(R5C_LOG_CRITICAL, &conf->cache_state))
wake_reclaim = true;
clear_bit(R5C_LOG_CRITICAL, &conf->cache_state);
}
if (free_space < 3 * reclaim_space)
set_bit(R5C_LOG_TIGHT, &conf->cache_state);
else
clear_bit(R5C_LOG_TIGHT, &conf->cache_state);
if (wake_reclaim)
r5l_wake_reclaim(log, 0);
}
/*
* Put the stripe into writing-out phase by clearing STRIPE_R5C_CACHING.
* This function should only be called in write-back mode.
*/
void r5c_make_stripe_write_out(struct stripe_head *sh)
{
struct r5conf *conf = sh->raid_conf;
struct r5l_log *log = conf->log;
BUG_ON(!r5c_is_writeback(log));
WARN_ON(!test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state));
clear_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state);
if (!test_and_set_bit(STRIPE_PREREAD_ACTIVE, &sh->state))
atomic_inc(&conf->preread_active_stripes);
}
static void r5c_handle_data_cached(struct stripe_head *sh)
{
int i;
for (i = sh->disks; i--; )
if (test_and_clear_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &sh->dev[i].flags)) {
set_bit(R5_InJournal, &sh->dev[i].flags);
clear_bit(R5_LOCKED, &sh->dev[i].flags);
}
clear_bit(STRIPE_LOG_TRAPPED, &sh->state);
}
/*
* this journal write must contain full parity,
* it may also contain some data pages
*/
static void r5c_handle_parity_cached(struct stripe_head *sh)
{
int i;
for (i = sh->disks; i--; )
if (test_bit(R5_InJournal, &sh->dev[i].flags))
set_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &sh->dev[i].flags);
}
/*
* Setting proper flags after writing (or flushing) data and/or parity to the
* log device. This is called from r5l_log_endio() or r5l_log_flush_endio().
*/
static void r5c_finish_cache_stripe(struct stripe_head *sh)
{
struct r5l_log *log = sh->raid_conf->log;
if (log->r5c_journal_mode == R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_THROUGH) {
BUG_ON(test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state));
/*
* Set R5_InJournal for parity dev[pd_idx]. This means
* all data AND parity in the journal. For RAID 6, it is
* NOT necessary to set the flag for dev[qd_idx], as the
* two parities are written out together.
*/
set_bit(R5_InJournal, &sh->dev[sh->pd_idx].flags);
} else if (test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state)) {
r5c_handle_data_cached(sh);
} else {
r5c_handle_parity_cached(sh);
set_bit(R5_InJournal, &sh->dev[sh->pd_idx].flags);
}
}
static void r5l_io_run_stripes(struct r5l_io_unit *io)
{
struct stripe_head *sh, *next;
list_for_each_entry_safe(sh, next, &io->stripe_list, log_list) {
list_del_init(&sh->log_list);
r5c_finish_cache_stripe(sh);
set_bit(STRIPE_HANDLE, &sh->state);
raid5_release_stripe(sh);
}
}
static void r5l_log_run_stripes(struct r5l_log *log)
{
struct r5l_io_unit *io, *next;
lockdep_assert_held(&log->io_list_lock);
list_for_each_entry_safe(io, next, &log->running_ios, log_sibling) {
/* don't change list order */
if (io->state < IO_UNIT_IO_END)
break;
list_move_tail(&io->log_sibling, &log->finished_ios);
r5l_io_run_stripes(io);
}
}
static void r5l_move_to_end_ios(struct r5l_log *log)
{
struct r5l_io_unit *io, *next;
lockdep_assert_held(&log->io_list_lock);
list_for_each_entry_safe(io, next, &log->running_ios, log_sibling) {
/* don't change list order */
if (io->state < IO_UNIT_IO_END)
break;
list_move_tail(&io->log_sibling, &log->io_end_ios);
}
}
static void __r5l_stripe_write_finished(struct r5l_io_unit *io);
static void r5l_log_endio(struct bio *bio)
{
struct r5l_io_unit *io = bio->bi_private;
struct r5l_io_unit *io_deferred;
struct r5l_log *log = io->log;
unsigned long flags;
bool has_null_flush;
bool has_flush_payload;
if (bio->bi_status)
md_error(log->rdev->mddev, log->rdev);
bio_put(bio);
mempool_free(io->meta_page, &log->meta_pool);
spin_lock_irqsave(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
__r5l_set_io_unit_state(io, IO_UNIT_IO_END);
/*
* if the io doesn't not have null_flush or flush payload,
* it is not safe to access it after releasing io_list_lock.
* Therefore, it is necessary to check the condition with
* the lock held.
*/
has_null_flush = io->has_null_flush;
has_flush_payload = io->has_flush_payload;
if (log->need_cache_flush && !list_empty(&io->stripe_list))
r5l_move_to_end_ios(log);
else
r5l_log_run_stripes(log);
if (!list_empty(&log->running_ios)) {
/*
* FLUSH/FUA io_unit is deferred because of ordering, now we
* can dispatch it
*/
io_deferred = list_first_entry(&log->running_ios,
struct r5l_io_unit, log_sibling);
if (io_deferred->io_deferred)
schedule_work(&log->deferred_io_work);
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
if (log->need_cache_flush)
md_wakeup_thread(log->rdev->mddev->thread);
/* finish flush only io_unit and PAYLOAD_FLUSH only io_unit */
if (has_null_flush) {
struct bio *bi;
WARN_ON(bio_list_empty(&io->flush_barriers));
while ((bi = bio_list_pop(&io->flush_barriers)) != NULL) {
bio_endio(bi);
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&io->pending_stripe)) {
__r5l_stripe_write_finished(io);
return;
}
}
}
/* decrease pending_stripe for flush payload */
if (has_flush_payload)
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&io->pending_stripe))
__r5l_stripe_write_finished(io);
}
static void r5l_do_submit_io(struct r5l_log *log, struct r5l_io_unit *io)
{
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
__r5l_set_io_unit_state(io, IO_UNIT_IO_START);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
/*
* In case of journal device failures, submit_bio will get error
* and calls endio, then active stripes will continue write
* process. Therefore, it is not necessary to check Faulty bit
* of journal device here.
*
* We can't check split_bio after current_bio is submitted. If
* io->split_bio is null, after current_bio is submitted, current_bio
* might already be completed and the io_unit is freed. We submit
* split_bio first to avoid the issue.
*/
if (io->split_bio) {
if (io->has_flush)
io->split_bio->bi_opf |= REQ_PREFLUSH;
if (io->has_fua)
io->split_bio->bi_opf |= REQ_FUA;
submit_bio(io->split_bio);
}
if (io->has_flush)
io->current_bio->bi_opf |= REQ_PREFLUSH;
if (io->has_fua)
io->current_bio->bi_opf |= REQ_FUA;
submit_bio(io->current_bio);
}
/* deferred io_unit will be dispatched here */
static void r5l_submit_io_async(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct r5l_log *log = container_of(work, struct r5l_log,
deferred_io_work);
struct r5l_io_unit *io = NULL;
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
if (!list_empty(&log->running_ios)) {
io = list_first_entry(&log->running_ios, struct r5l_io_unit,
log_sibling);
if (!io->io_deferred)
io = NULL;
else
io->io_deferred = 0;
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
if (io)
r5l_do_submit_io(log, io);
}
static void r5c_disable_writeback_async(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct r5l_log *log = container_of(work, struct r5l_log,
disable_writeback_work);
struct mddev *mddev = log->rdev->mddev;
struct r5conf *conf = mddev->private;
int locked = 0;
if (log->r5c_journal_mode == R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_THROUGH)
return;
pr_info("md/raid:%s: Disabling writeback cache for degraded array.\n",
mdname(mddev));
/* wait superblock change before suspend */
wait_event(mddev->sb_wait,
conf->log == NULL ||
(!test_bit(MD_SB_CHANGE_PENDING, &mddev->sb_flags) &&
(locked = mddev_trylock(mddev))));
if (locked) {
mddev_suspend(mddev);
log->r5c_journal_mode = R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_THROUGH;
mddev_resume(mddev);
mddev_unlock(mddev);
}
}
static void r5l_submit_current_io(struct r5l_log *log)
{
struct r5l_io_unit *io = log->current_io;
struct r5l_meta_block *block;
unsigned long flags;
u32 crc;
bool do_submit = true;
if (!io)
return;
block = page_address(io->meta_page);
block->meta_size = cpu_to_le32(io->meta_offset);
crc = crc32c_le(log->uuid_checksum, block, PAGE_SIZE);
block->checksum = cpu_to_le32(crc);
log->current_io = NULL;
spin_lock_irqsave(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
if (io->has_flush || io->has_fua) {
if (io != list_first_entry(&log->running_ios,
struct r5l_io_unit, log_sibling)) {
io->io_deferred = 1;
do_submit = false;
}
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
if (do_submit)
r5l_do_submit_io(log, io);
}
static struct bio *r5l_bio_alloc(struct r5l_log *log)
{
struct bio *bio = bio_alloc_bioset(GFP_NOIO, BIO_MAX_PAGES, &log->bs);
bio_set_op_attrs(bio, REQ_OP_WRITE, 0);
bio_set_dev(bio, log->rdev->bdev);
bio->bi_iter.bi_sector = log->rdev->data_offset + log->log_start;
return bio;
}
static void r5_reserve_log_entry(struct r5l_log *log, struct r5l_io_unit *io)
{
log->log_start = r5l_ring_add(log, log->log_start, BLOCK_SECTORS);
r5c_update_log_state(log);
/*
* If we filled up the log device start from the beginning again,
* which will require a new bio.
*
* Note: for this to work properly the log size needs to me a multiple
* of BLOCK_SECTORS.
*/
if (log->log_start == 0)
io->need_split_bio = true;
io->log_end = log->log_start;
}
static struct r5l_io_unit *r5l_new_meta(struct r5l_log *log)
{
struct r5l_io_unit *io;
struct r5l_meta_block *block;
io = mempool_alloc(&log->io_pool, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (!io)
return NULL;
memset(io, 0, sizeof(*io));
io->log = log;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&io->log_sibling);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&io->stripe_list);
bio_list_init(&io->flush_barriers);
io->state = IO_UNIT_RUNNING;
io->meta_page = mempool_alloc(&log->meta_pool, GFP_NOIO);
block = page_address(io->meta_page);
clear_page(block);
block->magic = cpu_to_le32(R5LOG_MAGIC);
block->version = R5LOG_VERSION;
block->seq = cpu_to_le64(log->seq);
block->position = cpu_to_le64(log->log_start);
io->log_start = log->log_start;
io->meta_offset = sizeof(struct r5l_meta_block);
io->seq = log->seq++;
io->current_bio = r5l_bio_alloc(log);
io->current_bio->bi_end_io = r5l_log_endio;
io->current_bio->bi_private = io;
bio_add_page(io->current_bio, io->meta_page, PAGE_SIZE, 0);
r5_reserve_log_entry(log, io);
spin_lock_irq(&log->io_list_lock);
list_add_tail(&io->log_sibling, &log->running_ios);
spin_unlock_irq(&log->io_list_lock);
return io;
}
static int r5l_get_meta(struct r5l_log *log, unsigned int payload_size)
{
if (log->current_io &&
log->current_io->meta_offset + payload_size > PAGE_SIZE)
r5l_submit_current_io(log);
if (!log->current_io) {
log->current_io = r5l_new_meta(log);
if (!log->current_io)
return -ENOMEM;
}
return 0;
}
static void r5l_append_payload_meta(struct r5l_log *log, u16 type,
sector_t location,
u32 checksum1, u32 checksum2,
bool checksum2_valid)
{
struct r5l_io_unit *io = log->current_io;
struct r5l_payload_data_parity *payload;
payload = page_address(io->meta_page) + io->meta_offset;
payload->header.type = cpu_to_le16(type);
payload->header.flags = cpu_to_le16(0);
payload->size = cpu_to_le32((1 + !!checksum2_valid) <<
(PAGE_SHIFT - 9));
payload->location = cpu_to_le64(location);
payload->checksum[0] = cpu_to_le32(checksum1);
if (checksum2_valid)
payload->checksum[1] = cpu_to_le32(checksum2);
io->meta_offset += sizeof(struct r5l_payload_data_parity) +
sizeof(__le32) * (1 + !!checksum2_valid);
}
static void r5l_append_payload_page(struct r5l_log *log, struct page *page)
{
struct r5l_io_unit *io = log->current_io;
if (io->need_split_bio) {
BUG_ON(io->split_bio);
io->split_bio = io->current_bio;
io->current_bio = r5l_bio_alloc(log);
bio_chain(io->current_bio, io->split_bio);
io->need_split_bio = false;
}
if (!bio_add_page(io->current_bio, page, PAGE_SIZE, 0))
BUG();
r5_reserve_log_entry(log, io);
}
static void r5l_append_flush_payload(struct r5l_log *log, sector_t sect)
{
struct mddev *mddev = log->rdev->mddev;
struct r5conf *conf = mddev->private;
struct r5l_io_unit *io;
struct r5l_payload_flush *payload;
int meta_size;
/*
* payload_flush requires extra writes to the journal.
* To avoid handling the extra IO in quiesce, just skip
* flush_payload
*/
if (conf->quiesce)
return;
mutex_lock(&log->io_mutex);
meta_size = sizeof(struct r5l_payload_flush) + sizeof(__le64);
if (r5l_get_meta(log, meta_size)) {
mutex_unlock(&log->io_mutex);
return;
}
/* current implementation is one stripe per flush payload */
io = log->current_io;
payload = page_address(io->meta_page) + io->meta_offset;
payload->header.type = cpu_to_le16(R5LOG_PAYLOAD_FLUSH);
payload->header.flags = cpu_to_le16(0);
payload->size = cpu_to_le32(sizeof(__le64));
payload->flush_stripes[0] = cpu_to_le64(sect);
io->meta_offset += meta_size;
/* multiple flush payloads count as one pending_stripe */
if (!io->has_flush_payload) {
io->has_flush_payload = 1;
atomic_inc(&io->pending_stripe);
}
mutex_unlock(&log->io_mutex);
}
static int r5l_log_stripe(struct r5l_log *log, struct stripe_head *sh,
int data_pages, int parity_pages)
{
int i;
int meta_size;
int ret;
struct r5l_io_unit *io;
meta_size =
((sizeof(struct r5l_payload_data_parity) + sizeof(__le32))
* data_pages) +
sizeof(struct r5l_payload_data_parity) +
sizeof(__le32) * parity_pages;
ret = r5l_get_meta(log, meta_size);
if (ret)
return ret;
io = log->current_io;
if (test_and_clear_bit(STRIPE_R5C_PREFLUSH, &sh->state))
io->has_flush = 1;
for (i = 0; i < sh->disks; i++) {
if (!test_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &sh->dev[i].flags) ||
test_bit(R5_InJournal, &sh->dev[i].flags))
continue;
if (i == sh->pd_idx || i == sh->qd_idx)
continue;
if (test_bit(R5_WantFUA, &sh->dev[i].flags) &&
log->r5c_journal_mode == R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_BACK) {
io->has_fua = 1;
/*
* we need to flush journal to make sure recovery can
* reach the data with fua flag
*/
io->has_flush = 1;
}
r5l_append_payload_meta(log, R5LOG_PAYLOAD_DATA,
raid5_compute_blocknr(sh, i, 0),
sh->dev[i].log_checksum, 0, false);
r5l_append_payload_page(log, sh->dev[i].page);
}
if (parity_pages == 2) {
r5l_append_payload_meta(log, R5LOG_PAYLOAD_PARITY,
sh->sector, sh->dev[sh->pd_idx].log_checksum,
sh->dev[sh->qd_idx].log_checksum, true);
r5l_append_payload_page(log, sh->dev[sh->pd_idx].page);
r5l_append_payload_page(log, sh->dev[sh->qd_idx].page);
} else if (parity_pages == 1) {
r5l_append_payload_meta(log, R5LOG_PAYLOAD_PARITY,
sh->sector, sh->dev[sh->pd_idx].log_checksum,
0, false);
r5l_append_payload_page(log, sh->dev[sh->pd_idx].page);
} else /* Just writing data, not parity, in caching phase */
BUG_ON(parity_pages != 0);
list_add_tail(&sh->log_list, &io->stripe_list);
atomic_inc(&io->pending_stripe);
sh->log_io = io;
if (log->r5c_journal_mode == R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_THROUGH)
return 0;
if (sh->log_start == MaxSector) {
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&sh->r5c));
sh->log_start = io->log_start;
spin_lock_irq(&log->stripe_in_journal_lock);
list_add_tail(&sh->r5c,
&log->stripe_in_journal_list);
spin_unlock_irq(&log->stripe_in_journal_lock);
atomic_inc(&log->stripe_in_journal_count);
}
return 0;
}
/* add stripe to no_space_stripes, and then wake up reclaim */
static inline void r5l_add_no_space_stripe(struct r5l_log *log,
struct stripe_head *sh)
{
spin_lock(&log->no_space_stripes_lock);
list_add_tail(&sh->log_list, &log->no_space_stripes);
spin_unlock(&log->no_space_stripes_lock);
}
/*
* running in raid5d, where reclaim could wait for raid5d too (when it flushes
* data from log to raid disks), so we shouldn't wait for reclaim here
*/
int r5l_write_stripe(struct r5l_log *log, struct stripe_head *sh)
{
struct r5conf *conf = sh->raid_conf;
int write_disks = 0;
int data_pages, parity_pages;
int reserve;
int i;
int ret = 0;
bool wake_reclaim = false;
if (!log)
return -EAGAIN;
/* Don't support stripe batch */
if (sh->log_io || !test_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &sh->dev[sh->pd_idx].flags) ||
test_bit(STRIPE_SYNCING, &sh->state)) {
/* the stripe is written to log, we start writing it to raid */
clear_bit(STRIPE_LOG_TRAPPED, &sh->state);
return -EAGAIN;
}
WARN_ON(test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state));
for (i = 0; i < sh->disks; i++) {
void *addr;
if (!test_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &sh->dev[i].flags) ||
test_bit(R5_InJournal, &sh->dev[i].flags))
continue;
write_disks++;
/* checksum is already calculated in last run */
if (test_bit(STRIPE_LOG_TRAPPED, &sh->state))
continue;
addr = kmap_atomic(sh->dev[i].page);
sh->dev[i].log_checksum = crc32c_le(log->uuid_checksum,
addr, PAGE_SIZE);
kunmap_atomic(addr);
}
parity_pages = 1 + !!(sh->qd_idx >= 0);
data_pages = write_disks - parity_pages;
set_bit(STRIPE_LOG_TRAPPED, &sh->state);
/*
* The stripe must enter state machine again to finish the write, so
* don't delay.
*/
clear_bit(STRIPE_DELAYED, &sh->state);
atomic_inc(&sh->count);
mutex_lock(&log->io_mutex);
/* meta + data */
reserve = (1 + write_disks) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 9);
if (log->r5c_journal_mode == R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_THROUGH) {
if (!r5l_has_free_space(log, reserve)) {
r5l_add_no_space_stripe(log, sh);
wake_reclaim = true;
} else {
ret = r5l_log_stripe(log, sh, data_pages, parity_pages);
if (ret) {
spin_lock_irq(&log->io_list_lock);
list_add_tail(&sh->log_list,
&log->no_mem_stripes);
spin_unlock_irq(&log->io_list_lock);
}
}
} else { /* R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_BACK */
/*
* log space critical, do not process stripes that are
* not in cache yet (sh->log_start == MaxSector).
*/
if (test_bit(R5C_LOG_CRITICAL, &conf->cache_state) &&
sh->log_start == MaxSector) {
r5l_add_no_space_stripe(log, sh);
wake_reclaim = true;
reserve = 0;
} else if (!r5l_has_free_space(log, reserve)) {
if (sh->log_start == log->last_checkpoint)
BUG();
else
r5l_add_no_space_stripe(log, sh);
} else {
ret = r5l_log_stripe(log, sh, data_pages, parity_pages);
if (ret) {
spin_lock_irq(&log->io_list_lock);
list_add_tail(&sh->log_list,
&log->no_mem_stripes);
spin_unlock_irq(&log->io_list_lock);
}
}
}
mutex_unlock(&log->io_mutex);
if (wake_reclaim)
r5l_wake_reclaim(log, reserve);
return 0;
}
void r5l_write_stripe_run(struct r5l_log *log)
{
if (!log)
return;
mutex_lock(&log->io_mutex);
r5l_submit_current_io(log);
mutex_unlock(&log->io_mutex);
}
int r5l_handle_flush_request(struct r5l_log *log, struct bio *bio)
{
if (log->r5c_journal_mode == R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_THROUGH) {
/*
* in write through (journal only)
* we flush log disk cache first, then write stripe data to
* raid disks. So if bio is finished, the log disk cache is
* flushed already. The recovery guarantees we can recovery
* the bio from log disk, so we don't need to flush again
*/
if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size == 0) {
bio_endio(bio);
return 0;
}
bio->bi_opf &= ~REQ_PREFLUSH;
} else {
/* write back (with cache) */
if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size == 0) {
mutex_lock(&log->io_mutex);
r5l_get_meta(log, 0);
bio_list_add(&log->current_io->flush_barriers, bio);
log->current_io->has_flush = 1;
log->current_io->has_null_flush = 1;
atomic_inc(&log->current_io->pending_stripe);
r5l_submit_current_io(log);
mutex_unlock(&log->io_mutex);
return 0;
}
}
return -EAGAIN;
}
/* This will run after log space is reclaimed */
static void r5l_run_no_space_stripes(struct r5l_log *log)
{
struct stripe_head *sh;
spin_lock(&log->no_space_stripes_lock);
while (!list_empty(&log->no_space_stripes)) {
sh = list_first_entry(&log->no_space_stripes,
struct stripe_head, log_list);
list_del_init(&sh->log_list);
set_bit(STRIPE_HANDLE, &sh->state);
raid5_release_stripe(sh);
}
spin_unlock(&log->no_space_stripes_lock);
}
/*
* calculate new last_checkpoint
* for write through mode, returns log->next_checkpoint
* for write back, returns log_start of first sh in stripe_in_journal_list
*/
static sector_t r5c_calculate_new_cp(struct r5conf *conf)
{
struct stripe_head *sh;
struct r5l_log *log = conf->log;
sector_t new_cp;
unsigned long flags;
if (log->r5c_journal_mode == R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_THROUGH)
return log->next_checkpoint;
spin_lock_irqsave(&log->stripe_in_journal_lock, flags);
if (list_empty(&conf->log->stripe_in_journal_list)) {
/* all stripes flushed */
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&log->stripe_in_journal_lock, flags);
return log->next_checkpoint;
}
sh = list_first_entry(&conf->log->stripe_in_journal_list,
struct stripe_head, r5c);
new_cp = sh->log_start;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&log->stripe_in_journal_lock, flags);
return new_cp;
}
static sector_t r5l_reclaimable_space(struct r5l_log *log)
{
struct r5conf *conf = log->rdev->mddev->private;
return r5l_ring_distance(log, log->last_checkpoint,
r5c_calculate_new_cp(conf));
}
static void r5l_run_no_mem_stripe(struct r5l_log *log)
{
struct stripe_head *sh;
lockdep_assert_held(&log->io_list_lock);
if (!list_empty(&log->no_mem_stripes)) {
sh = list_first_entry(&log->no_mem_stripes,
struct stripe_head, log_list);
list_del_init(&sh->log_list);
set_bit(STRIPE_HANDLE, &sh->state);
raid5_release_stripe(sh);
}
}
static bool r5l_complete_finished_ios(struct r5l_log *log)
{
struct r5l_io_unit *io, *next;
bool found = false;
lockdep_assert_held(&log->io_list_lock);
list_for_each_entry_safe(io, next, &log->finished_ios, log_sibling) {
/* don't change list order */
if (io->state < IO_UNIT_STRIPE_END)
break;
log->next_checkpoint = io->log_start;
list_del(&io->log_sibling);
mempool_free(io, &log->io_pool);
r5l_run_no_mem_stripe(log);
found = true;
}
return found;
}
static void __r5l_stripe_write_finished(struct r5l_io_unit *io)
{
struct r5l_log *log = io->log;
struct r5conf *conf = log->rdev->mddev->private;
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
__r5l_set_io_unit_state(io, IO_UNIT_STRIPE_END);
if (!r5l_complete_finished_ios(log)) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
return;
}
if (r5l_reclaimable_space(log) > log->max_free_space ||
test_bit(R5C_LOG_TIGHT, &conf->cache_state))
r5l_wake_reclaim(log, 0);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
wake_up(&log->iounit_wait);
}
void r5l_stripe_write_finished(struct stripe_head *sh)
{
struct r5l_io_unit *io;
io = sh->log_io;
sh->log_io = NULL;
if (io && atomic_dec_and_test(&io->pending_stripe))
__r5l_stripe_write_finished(io);
}
static void r5l_log_flush_endio(struct bio *bio)
{
struct r5l_log *log = container_of(bio, struct r5l_log,
flush_bio);
unsigned long flags;
struct r5l_io_unit *io;
if (bio->bi_status)
md_error(log->rdev->mddev, log->rdev);
spin_lock_irqsave(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
list_for_each_entry(io, &log->flushing_ios, log_sibling)
r5l_io_run_stripes(io);
list_splice_tail_init(&log->flushing_ios, &log->finished_ios);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&log->io_list_lock, flags);
}
/*
* Starting dispatch IO to raid.
* io_unit(meta) consists of a log. There is one situation we want to avoid. A
* broken meta in the middle of a log causes recovery can't find meta at the
* head of log. If operations require meta at the head persistent in log, we
* must make sure meta before it persistent in log too. A case is:
*
* stripe data/parity is in log, we start write stripe to raid disks. stripe
* data/parity must be persistent in log before we do the write to raid disks.
*
* The solution is we restrictly maintain io_unit list order. In this case, we
* only write stripes of an io_unit to raid disks till the io_unit is the first
* one whose data/parity is in log.
*/
void r5l_flush_stripe_to_raid(struct r5l_log *log)
{
bool do_flush;
if (!log || !log->need_cache_flush)
return;
spin_lock_irq(&log->io_list_lock);
/* flush bio is running */
if (!list_empty(&log->flushing_ios)) {
spin_unlock_irq(&log->io_list_lock);
return;
}
list_splice_tail_init(&log->io_end_ios, &log->flushing_ios);
do_flush = !list_empty(&log->flushing_ios);
spin_unlock_irq(&log->io_list_lock);
if (!do_flush)
return;
bio_reset(&log->flush_bio);
bio_set_dev(&log->flush_bio, log->rdev->bdev);
log->flush_bio.bi_end_io = r5l_log_flush_endio;
log->flush_bio.bi_opf = REQ_OP_WRITE | REQ_PREFLUSH;
submit_bio(&log->flush_bio);
}
static void r5l_write_super(struct r5l_log *log, sector_t cp);
static void r5l_write_super_and_discard_space(struct r5l_log *log,
sector_t end)
{
struct block_device *bdev = log->rdev->bdev;
struct mddev *mddev;
r5l_write_super(log, end);
if (!blk_queue_discard(bdev_get_queue(bdev)))
return;
mddev = log->rdev->mddev;
/*
* Discard could zero data, so before discard we must make sure
* superblock is updated to new log tail. Updating superblock (either
* directly call md_update_sb() or depend on md thread) must hold
* reconfig mutex. On the other hand, raid5_quiesce is called with
* reconfig_mutex hold. The first step of raid5_quiesce() is waitting
* for all IO finish, hence waitting for reclaim thread, while reclaim
* thread is calling this function and waitting for reconfig mutex. So
* there is a deadlock. We workaround this issue with a trylock.
* FIXME: we could miss discard if we can't take reconfig mutex
*/
set_mask_bits(&mddev->sb_flags, 0,
BIT(MD_SB_CHANGE_DEVS) | BIT(MD_SB_CHANGE_PENDING));
if (!mddev_trylock(mddev))
return;
md_update_sb(mddev, 1);
mddev_unlock(mddev);
/* discard IO error really doesn't matter, ignore it */
if (log->last_checkpoint < end) {
blkdev_issue_discard(bdev,
log->last_checkpoint + log->rdev->data_offset,
end - log->last_checkpoint, GFP_NOIO, 0);
} else {
blkdev_issue_discard(bdev,
log->last_checkpoint + log->rdev->data_offset,
log->device_size - log->last_checkpoint,
GFP_NOIO, 0);
blkdev_issue_discard(bdev, log->rdev->data_offset, end,
GFP_NOIO, 0);
}
}
/*
* r5c_flush_stripe moves stripe from cached list to handle_list. When called,
* the stripe must be on r5c_cached_full_stripes or r5c_cached_partial_stripes.
*
* must hold conf->device_lock
*/
static void r5c_flush_stripe(struct r5conf *conf, struct stripe_head *sh)
{
BUG_ON(list_empty(&sh->lru));
BUG_ON(!test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state));
BUG_ON(test_bit(STRIPE_HANDLE, &sh->state));
/*
* The stripe is not ON_RELEASE_LIST, so it is safe to call
* raid5_release_stripe() while holding conf->device_lock
*/
BUG_ON(test_bit(STRIPE_ON_RELEASE_LIST, &sh->state));
lockdep_assert_held(&conf->device_lock);
list_del_init(&sh->lru);
atomic_inc(&sh->count);
set_bit(STRIPE_HANDLE, &sh->state);
atomic_inc(&conf->active_stripes);
r5c_make_stripe_write_out(sh);
if (test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_PARTIAL_STRIPE, &sh->state))
atomic_inc(&conf->r5c_flushing_partial_stripes);
else
atomic_inc(&conf->r5c_flushing_full_stripes);
raid5_release_stripe(sh);
}
/*
* if num == 0, flush all full stripes
* if num > 0, flush all full stripes. If less than num full stripes are
* flushed, flush some partial stripes until totally num stripes are
* flushed or there is no more cached stripes.
*/
void r5c_flush_cache(struct r5conf *conf, int num)
{
int count;
struct stripe_head *sh, *next;
lockdep_assert_held(&conf->device_lock);
if (!conf->log)
return;
count = 0;
list_for_each_entry_safe(sh, next, &conf->r5c_full_stripe_list, lru) {
r5c_flush_stripe(conf, sh);
count++;
}
if (count >= num)
return;
list_for_each_entry_safe(sh, next,
&conf->r5c_partial_stripe_list, lru) {
r5c_flush_stripe(conf, sh);
if (++count >= num)
break;
}
}
static void r5c_do_reclaim(struct r5conf *conf)
{
struct r5l_log *log = conf->log;
struct stripe_head *sh;
int count = 0;
unsigned long flags;
int total_cached;
int stripes_to_flush;
int flushing_partial, flushing_full;
if (!r5c_is_writeback(log))
return;
flushing_partial = atomic_read(&conf->r5c_flushing_partial_stripes);
flushing_full = atomic_read(&conf->r5c_flushing_full_stripes);
total_cached = atomic_read(&conf->r5c_cached_partial_stripes) +
atomic_read(&conf->r5c_cached_full_stripes) -
flushing_full - flushing_partial;
if (total_cached > conf->min_nr_stripes * 3 / 4 ||
atomic_read(&conf->empty_inactive_list_nr) > 0)
/*
* if stripe cache pressure high, flush all full stripes and
* some partial stripes
*/
stripes_to_flush = R5C_RECLAIM_STRIPE_GROUP;
else if (total_cached > conf->min_nr_stripes * 1 / 2 ||
atomic_read(&conf->r5c_cached_full_stripes) - flushing_full >
R5C_FULL_STRIPE_FLUSH_BATCH(conf))
/*
* if stripe cache pressure moderate, or if there is many full
* stripes,flush all full stripes
*/
stripes_to_flush = 0;
else
/* no need to flush */
stripes_to_flush = -1;
if (stripes_to_flush >= 0) {
spin_lock_irqsave(&conf->device_lock, flags);
r5c_flush_cache(conf, stripes_to_flush);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&conf->device_lock, flags);
}
/* if log space is tight, flush stripes on stripe_in_journal_list */
if (test_bit(R5C_LOG_TIGHT, &conf->cache_state)) {
spin_lock_irqsave(&log->stripe_in_journal_lock, flags);
spin_lock(&conf->device_lock);
list_for_each_entry(sh, &log->stripe_in_journal_list, r5c) {
/*
* stripes on stripe_in_journal_list could be in any
* state of the stripe_cache state machine. In this
* case, we only want to flush stripe on
* r5c_cached_full/partial_stripes. The following
* condition makes sure the stripe is on one of the
* two lists.
*/
if (!list_empty(&sh->lru) &&
!test_bit(STRIPE_HANDLE, &sh->state) &&
atomic_read(&sh->count) == 0) {
r5c_flush_stripe(conf, sh);
if (count++ >= R5C_RECLAIM_STRIPE_GROUP)
break;
}
}
spin_unlock(&conf->device_lock);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&log->stripe_in_journal_lock, flags);
}
if (!test_bit(R5C_LOG_CRITICAL, &conf->cache_state))
r5l_run_no_space_stripes(log);
md_wakeup_thread(conf->mddev->thread);
}
static void r5l_do_reclaim(struct r5l_log *log)
{
struct r5conf *conf = log->rdev->mddev->private;
sector_t reclaim_target = xchg(&log->reclaim_target, 0);
sector_t reclaimable;
sector_t next_checkpoint;
bool write_super;
spin_lock_irq(&log->io_list_lock);
write_super = r5l_reclaimable_space(log) > log->max_free_space ||
reclaim_target != 0 || !list_empty(&log->no_space_stripes);
/*
* move proper io_unit to reclaim list. We should not change the order.
* reclaimable/unreclaimable io_unit can be mixed in the list, we
* shouldn't reuse space of an unreclaimable io_unit
*/
while (1) {
reclaimable = r5l_reclaimable_space(log);
if (reclaimable >= reclaim_target ||
(list_empty(&log->running_ios) &&
list_empty(&log->io_end_ios) &&
list_empty(&log->flushing_ios) &&
list_empty(&log->finished_ios)))
break;
md_wakeup_thread(log->rdev->mddev->thread);
wait_event_lock_irq(log->iounit_wait,
r5l_reclaimable_space(log) > reclaimable,
log->io_list_lock);
}
next_checkpoint = r5c_calculate_new_cp(conf);
spin_unlock_irq(&log->io_list_lock);
if (reclaimable == 0 || !write_super)
return;
/*
* write_super will flush cache of each raid disk. We must write super
* here, because the log area might be reused soon and we don't want to
* confuse recovery
*/
r5l_write_super_and_discard_space(log, next_checkpoint);
mutex_lock(&log->io_mutex);
log->last_checkpoint = next_checkpoint;
r5c_update_log_state(log);
mutex_unlock(&log->io_mutex);
r5l_run_no_space_stripes(log);
}
static void r5l_reclaim_thread(struct md_thread *thread)
{
struct mddev *mddev = thread->mddev;
struct r5conf *conf = mddev->private;
struct r5l_log *log = conf->log;
if (!log)
return;
r5c_do_reclaim(conf);
r5l_do_reclaim(log);
}
void r5l_wake_reclaim(struct r5l_log *log, sector_t space)
{
unsigned long target;
unsigned long new = (unsigned long)space; /* overflow in theory */
if (!log)
return;
do {
target = log->reclaim_target;
if (new < target)
return;
} while (cmpxchg(&log->reclaim_target, target, new) != target);
md_wakeup_thread(log->reclaim_thread);
}
void r5l_quiesce(struct r5l_log *log, int quiesce)
{
struct mddev *mddev;
if (quiesce) {
/* make sure r5l_write_super_and_discard_space exits */
mddev = log->rdev->mddev;
wake_up(&mddev->sb_wait);
kthread_park(log->reclaim_thread->tsk);
r5l_wake_reclaim(log, MaxSector);
r5l_do_reclaim(log);
} else
kthread_unpark(log->reclaim_thread->tsk);
}
bool r5l_log_disk_error(struct r5conf *conf)
{
struct r5l_log *log;
bool ret;
/* don't allow write if journal disk is missing */
rcu_read_lock();
log = rcu_dereference(conf->log);
if (!log)
ret = test_bit(MD_HAS_JOURNAL, &conf->mddev->flags);
else
ret = test_bit(Faulty, &log->rdev->flags);
rcu_read_unlock();
return ret;
}
#define R5L_RECOVERY_PAGE_POOL_SIZE 256
struct r5l_recovery_ctx {
struct page *meta_page; /* current meta */
sector_t meta_total_blocks; /* total size of current meta and data */
sector_t pos; /* recovery position */
u64 seq; /* recovery position seq */
int data_parity_stripes; /* number of data_parity stripes */
int data_only_stripes; /* number of data_only stripes */
struct list_head cached_list;
/*
* read ahead page pool (ra_pool)
* in recovery, log is read sequentially. It is not efficient to
* read every page with sync_page_io(). The read ahead page pool
* reads multiple pages with one IO, so further log read can
* just copy data from the pool.
*/
struct page *ra_pool[R5L_RECOVERY_PAGE_POOL_SIZE];
sector_t pool_offset; /* offset of first page in the pool */
int total_pages; /* total allocated pages */
int valid_pages; /* pages with valid data */
struct bio *ra_bio; /* bio to do the read ahead */
};
static int r5l_recovery_allocate_ra_pool(struct r5l_log *log,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx)
{
struct page *page;
ctx->ra_bio = bio_alloc_bioset(GFP_KERNEL, BIO_MAX_PAGES, &log->bs);
if (!ctx->ra_bio)
return -ENOMEM;
ctx->valid_pages = 0;
ctx->total_pages = 0;
while (ctx->total_pages < R5L_RECOVERY_PAGE_POOL_SIZE) {
page = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
if (!page)
break;
ctx->ra_pool[ctx->total_pages] = page;
ctx->total_pages += 1;
}
if (ctx->total_pages == 0) {
bio_put(ctx->ra_bio);
return -ENOMEM;
}
ctx->pool_offset = 0;
return 0;
}
static void r5l_recovery_free_ra_pool(struct r5l_log *log,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < ctx->total_pages; ++i)
put_page(ctx->ra_pool[i]);
bio_put(ctx->ra_bio);
}
/*
* fetch ctx->valid_pages pages from offset
* In normal cases, ctx->valid_pages == ctx->total_pages after the call.
* However, if the offset is close to the end of the journal device,
* ctx->valid_pages could be smaller than ctx->total_pages
*/
static int r5l_recovery_fetch_ra_pool(struct r5l_log *log,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx,
sector_t offset)
{
bio_reset(ctx->ra_bio);
bio_set_dev(ctx->ra_bio, log->rdev->bdev);
bio_set_op_attrs(ctx->ra_bio, REQ_OP_READ, 0);
ctx->ra_bio->bi_iter.bi_sector = log->rdev->data_offset + offset;
ctx->valid_pages = 0;
ctx->pool_offset = offset;
while (ctx->valid_pages < ctx->total_pages) {
bio_add_page(ctx->ra_bio,
ctx->ra_pool[ctx->valid_pages], PAGE_SIZE, 0);
ctx->valid_pages += 1;
offset = r5l_ring_add(log, offset, BLOCK_SECTORS);
if (offset == 0) /* reached end of the device */
break;
}
return submit_bio_wait(ctx->ra_bio);
}
/*
* try read a page from the read ahead page pool, if the page is not in the
* pool, call r5l_recovery_fetch_ra_pool
*/
static int r5l_recovery_read_page(struct r5l_log *log,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx,
struct page *page,
sector_t offset)
{
int ret;
if (offset < ctx->pool_offset ||
offset >= ctx->pool_offset + ctx->valid_pages * BLOCK_SECTORS) {
ret = r5l_recovery_fetch_ra_pool(log, ctx, offset);
if (ret)
return ret;
}
BUG_ON(offset < ctx->pool_offset ||
offset >= ctx->pool_offset + ctx->valid_pages * BLOCK_SECTORS);
memcpy(page_address(page),
page_address(ctx->ra_pool[(offset - ctx->pool_offset) >>
BLOCK_SECTOR_SHIFT]),
PAGE_SIZE);
return 0;
}
static int r5l_recovery_read_meta_block(struct r5l_log *log,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx)
{
struct page *page = ctx->meta_page;
struct r5l_meta_block *mb;
u32 crc, stored_crc;
int ret;
ret = r5l_recovery_read_page(log, ctx, page, ctx->pos);
if (ret != 0)
return ret;
mb = page_address(page);
stored_crc = le32_to_cpu(mb->checksum);
mb->checksum = 0;
if (le32_to_cpu(mb->magic) != R5LOG_MAGIC ||
le64_to_cpu(mb->seq) != ctx->seq ||
mb->version != R5LOG_VERSION ||
le64_to_cpu(mb->position) != ctx->pos)
return -EINVAL;
crc = crc32c_le(log->uuid_checksum, mb, PAGE_SIZE);
if (stored_crc != crc)
return -EINVAL;
if (le32_to_cpu(mb->meta_size) > PAGE_SIZE)
return -EINVAL;
ctx->meta_total_blocks = BLOCK_SECTORS;
return 0;
}
static void
r5l_recovery_create_empty_meta_block(struct r5l_log *log,
struct page *page,
sector_t pos, u64 seq)
{
struct r5l_meta_block *mb;
mb = page_address(page);
clear_page(mb);
mb->magic = cpu_to_le32(R5LOG_MAGIC);
mb->version = R5LOG_VERSION;
mb->meta_size = cpu_to_le32(sizeof(struct r5l_meta_block));
mb->seq = cpu_to_le64(seq);
mb->position = cpu_to_le64(pos);
}
static int r5l_log_write_empty_meta_block(struct r5l_log *log, sector_t pos,
u64 seq)
{
struct page *page;
struct r5l_meta_block *mb;
page = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
if (!page)
return -ENOMEM;
r5l_recovery_create_empty_meta_block(log, page, pos, seq);
mb = page_address(page);
mb->checksum = cpu_to_le32(crc32c_le(log->uuid_checksum,
mb, PAGE_SIZE));
if (!sync_page_io(log->rdev, pos, PAGE_SIZE, page, REQ_OP_WRITE,
REQ_SYNC | REQ_FUA, false)) {
__free_page(page);
return -EIO;
}
__free_page(page);
return 0;
}
/*
* r5l_recovery_load_data and r5l_recovery_load_parity uses flag R5_Wantwrite
* to mark valid (potentially not flushed) data in the journal.
*
* We already verified checksum in r5l_recovery_verify_data_checksum_for_mb,
* so there should not be any mismatch here.
*/
static void r5l_recovery_load_data(struct r5l_log *log,
struct stripe_head *sh,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx,
struct r5l_payload_data_parity *payload,
sector_t log_offset)
{
struct mddev *mddev = log->rdev->mddev;
struct r5conf *conf = mddev->private;
int dd_idx;
raid5_compute_sector(conf,
le64_to_cpu(payload->location), 0,
&dd_idx, sh);
r5l_recovery_read_page(log, ctx, sh->dev[dd_idx].page, log_offset);
sh->dev[dd_idx].log_checksum =
le32_to_cpu(payload->checksum[0]);
ctx->meta_total_blocks += BLOCK_SECTORS;
set_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &sh->dev[dd_idx].flags);
set_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state);
}
static void r5l_recovery_load_parity(struct r5l_log *log,
struct stripe_head *sh,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx,
struct r5l_payload_data_parity *payload,
sector_t log_offset)
{
struct mddev *mddev = log->rdev->mddev;
struct r5conf *conf = mddev->private;
ctx->meta_total_blocks += BLOCK_SECTORS * conf->max_degraded;
r5l_recovery_read_page(log, ctx, sh->dev[sh->pd_idx].page, log_offset);
sh->dev[sh->pd_idx].log_checksum =
le32_to_cpu(payload->checksum[0]);
set_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &sh->dev[sh->pd_idx].flags);
if (sh->qd_idx >= 0) {
r5l_recovery_read_page(
log, ctx, sh->dev[sh->qd_idx].page,
r5l_ring_add(log, log_offset, BLOCK_SECTORS));
sh->dev[sh->qd_idx].log_checksum =
le32_to_cpu(payload->checksum[1]);
set_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &sh->dev[sh->qd_idx].flags);
}
clear_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state);
}
static void r5l_recovery_reset_stripe(struct stripe_head *sh)
{
int i;
sh->state = 0;
sh->log_start = MaxSector;
for (i = sh->disks; i--; )
sh->dev[i].flags = 0;
}
static void
r5l_recovery_replay_one_stripe(struct r5conf *conf,
struct stripe_head *sh,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx)
{
struct md_rdev *rdev, *rrdev;
int disk_index;
int data_count = 0;
for (disk_index = 0; disk_index < sh->disks; disk_index++) {
if (!test_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &sh->dev[disk_index].flags))
continue;
if (disk_index == sh->qd_idx || disk_index == sh->pd_idx)
continue;
data_count++;
}
/*
* stripes that only have parity must have been flushed
* before the crash that we are now recovering from, so
* there is nothing more to recovery.
*/
if (data_count == 0)
goto out;
for (disk_index = 0; disk_index < sh->disks; disk_index++) {
if (!test_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &sh->dev[disk_index].flags))
continue;
/* in case device is broken */
rcu_read_lock();
rdev = rcu_dereference(conf->disks[disk_index].rdev);
if (rdev) {
atomic_inc(&rdev->nr_pending);
rcu_read_unlock();
sync_page_io(rdev, sh->sector, PAGE_SIZE,
sh->dev[disk_index].page, REQ_OP_WRITE, 0,
false);
rdev_dec_pending(rdev, rdev->mddev);
rcu_read_lock();
}
rrdev = rcu_dereference(conf->disks[disk_index].replacement);
if (rrdev) {
atomic_inc(&rrdev->nr_pending);
rcu_read_unlock();
sync_page_io(rrdev, sh->sector, PAGE_SIZE,
sh->dev[disk_index].page, REQ_OP_WRITE, 0,
false);
rdev_dec_pending(rrdev, rrdev->mddev);
rcu_read_lock();
}
rcu_read_unlock();
}
ctx->data_parity_stripes++;
out:
r5l_recovery_reset_stripe(sh);
}
static struct stripe_head *
r5c_recovery_alloc_stripe(
struct r5conf *conf,
sector_t stripe_sect,
int noblock)
{
struct stripe_head *sh;
sh = raid5_get_active_stripe(conf, stripe_sect, 0, noblock, 0);
if (!sh)
return NULL; /* no more stripe available */
r5l_recovery_reset_stripe(sh);
return sh;
}
static struct stripe_head *
r5c_recovery_lookup_stripe(struct list_head *list, sector_t sect)
{
struct stripe_head *sh;
list_for_each_entry(sh, list, lru)
if (sh->sector == sect)
return sh;
return NULL;
}
static void
r5c_recovery_drop_stripes(struct list_head *cached_stripe_list,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx)
{
struct stripe_head *sh, *next;
list_for_each_entry_safe(sh, next, cached_stripe_list, lru) {
r5l_recovery_reset_stripe(sh);
list_del_init(&sh->lru);
raid5_release_stripe(sh);
}
}
static void
r5c_recovery_replay_stripes(struct list_head *cached_stripe_list,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx)
{
struct stripe_head *sh, *next;
list_for_each_entry_safe(sh, next, cached_stripe_list, lru)
if (!test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state)) {
r5l_recovery_replay_one_stripe(sh->raid_conf, sh, ctx);
list_del_init(&sh->lru);
raid5_release_stripe(sh);
}
}
/* if matches return 0; otherwise return -EINVAL */
static int
r5l_recovery_verify_data_checksum(struct r5l_log *log,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx,
struct page *page,
sector_t log_offset, __le32 log_checksum)
{
void *addr;
u32 checksum;
r5l_recovery_read_page(log, ctx, page, log_offset);
addr = kmap_atomic(page);
checksum = crc32c_le(log->uuid_checksum, addr, PAGE_SIZE);
kunmap_atomic(addr);
return (le32_to_cpu(log_checksum) == checksum) ? 0 : -EINVAL;
}
/*
* before loading data to stripe cache, we need verify checksum for all data,
* if there is mismatch for any data page, we drop all data in the mata block
*/
static int
r5l_recovery_verify_data_checksum_for_mb(struct r5l_log *log,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx)
{
struct mddev *mddev = log->rdev->mddev;
struct r5conf *conf = mddev->private;
struct r5l_meta_block *mb = page_address(ctx->meta_page);
sector_t mb_offset = sizeof(struct r5l_meta_block);
sector_t log_offset = r5l_ring_add(log, ctx->pos, BLOCK_SECTORS);
struct page *page;
struct r5l_payload_data_parity *payload;
struct r5l_payload_flush *payload_flush;
page = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
if (!page)
return -ENOMEM;
while (mb_offset < le32_to_cpu(mb->meta_size)) {
payload = (void *)mb + mb_offset;
payload_flush = (void *)mb + mb_offset;
if (le16_to_cpu(payload->header.type) == R5LOG_PAYLOAD_DATA) {
if (r5l_recovery_verify_data_checksum(
log, ctx, page, log_offset,
payload->checksum[0]) < 0)
goto mismatch;
} else if (le16_to_cpu(payload->header.type) == R5LOG_PAYLOAD_PARITY) {
if (r5l_recovery_verify_data_checksum(
log, ctx, page, log_offset,
payload->checksum[0]) < 0)
goto mismatch;
if (conf->max_degraded == 2 && /* q for RAID 6 */
r5l_recovery_verify_data_checksum(
log, ctx, page,
r5l_ring_add(log, log_offset,
BLOCK_SECTORS),
payload->checksum[1]) < 0)
goto mismatch;
} else if (le16_to_cpu(payload->header.type) == R5LOG_PAYLOAD_FLUSH) {
/* nothing to do for R5LOG_PAYLOAD_FLUSH here */
} else /* not R5LOG_PAYLOAD_DATA/PARITY/FLUSH */
goto mismatch;
if (le16_to_cpu(payload->header.type) == R5LOG_PAYLOAD_FLUSH) {
mb_offset += sizeof(struct r5l_payload_flush) +
le32_to_cpu(payload_flush->size);
} else {
/* DATA or PARITY payload */
log_offset = r5l_ring_add(log, log_offset,
le32_to_cpu(payload->size));
mb_offset += sizeof(struct r5l_payload_data_parity) +
sizeof(__le32) *
(le32_to_cpu(payload->size) >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 9));
}
}
put_page(page);
return 0;
mismatch:
put_page(page);
return -EINVAL;
}
/*
* Analyze all data/parity pages in one meta block
* Returns:
* 0 for success
* -EINVAL for unknown playload type
* -EAGAIN for checksum mismatch of data page
* -ENOMEM for run out of memory (alloc_page failed or run out of stripes)
*/
static int
r5c_recovery_analyze_meta_block(struct r5l_log *log,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx,
struct list_head *cached_stripe_list)
{
struct mddev *mddev = log->rdev->mddev;
struct r5conf *conf = mddev->private;
struct r5l_meta_block *mb;
struct r5l_payload_data_parity *payload;
struct r5l_payload_flush *payload_flush;
int mb_offset;
sector_t log_offset;
sector_t stripe_sect;
struct stripe_head *sh;
int ret;
/*
* for mismatch in data blocks, we will drop all data in this mb, but
* we will still read next mb for other data with FLUSH flag, as
* io_unit could finish out of order.
*/
ret = r5l_recovery_verify_data_checksum_for_mb(log, ctx);
if (ret == -EINVAL)
return -EAGAIN;
else if (ret)
return ret; /* -ENOMEM duo to alloc_page() failed */
mb = page_address(ctx->meta_page);
mb_offset = sizeof(struct r5l_meta_block);
log_offset = r5l_ring_add(log, ctx->pos, BLOCK_SECTORS);
while (mb_offset < le32_to_cpu(mb->meta_size)) {
int dd;
payload = (void *)mb + mb_offset;
payload_flush = (void *)mb + mb_offset;
if (le16_to_cpu(payload->header.type) == R5LOG_PAYLOAD_FLUSH) {
int i, count;
count = le32_to_cpu(payload_flush->size) / sizeof(__le64);
for (i = 0; i < count; ++i) {
stripe_sect = le64_to_cpu(payload_flush->flush_stripes[i]);
sh = r5c_recovery_lookup_stripe(cached_stripe_list,
stripe_sect);
if (sh) {
WARN_ON(test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state));
r5l_recovery_reset_stripe(sh);
list_del_init(&sh->lru);
raid5_release_stripe(sh);
}
}
mb_offset += sizeof(struct r5l_payload_flush) +
le32_to_cpu(payload_flush->size);
continue;
}
/* DATA or PARITY payload */
stripe_sect = (le16_to_cpu(payload->header.type) == R5LOG_PAYLOAD_DATA) ?
raid5_compute_sector(
conf, le64_to_cpu(payload->location), 0, &dd,
NULL)
: le64_to_cpu(payload->location);
sh = r5c_recovery_lookup_stripe(cached_stripe_list,
stripe_sect);
if (!sh) {
sh = r5c_recovery_alloc_stripe(conf, stripe_sect, 1);
/*
* cannot get stripe from raid5_get_active_stripe
* try replay some stripes
*/
if (!sh) {
r5c_recovery_replay_stripes(
cached_stripe_list, ctx);
sh = r5c_recovery_alloc_stripe(
conf, stripe_sect, 1);
}
if (!sh) {
int new_size = conf->min_nr_stripes * 2;
pr_debug("md/raid:%s: Increasing stripe cache size to %d to recovery data on journal.\n",
mdname(mddev),
new_size);
ret = raid5_set_cache_size(mddev, new_size);
if (conf->min_nr_stripes <= new_size / 2) {
pr_err("md/raid:%s: Cannot increase cache size, ret=%d, new_size=%d, min_nr_stripes=%d, max_nr_stripes=%d\n",
mdname(mddev),
ret,
new_size,
conf->min_nr_stripes,
conf->max_nr_stripes);
return -ENOMEM;
}
sh = r5c_recovery_alloc_stripe(
conf, stripe_sect, 0);
}
if (!sh) {
pr_err("md/raid:%s: Cannot get enough stripes due to memory pressure. Recovery failed.\n",
mdname(mddev));
return -ENOMEM;
}
list_add_tail(&sh->lru, cached_stripe_list);
}
if (le16_to_cpu(payload->header.type) == R5LOG_PAYLOAD_DATA) {
if (!test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state) &&
test_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &sh->dev[sh->pd_idx].flags)) {
r5l_recovery_replay_one_stripe(conf, sh, ctx);
list_move_tail(&sh->lru, cached_stripe_list);
}
r5l_recovery_load_data(log, sh, ctx, payload,
log_offset);
} else if (le16_to_cpu(payload->header.type) == R5LOG_PAYLOAD_PARITY)
r5l_recovery_load_parity(log, sh, ctx, payload,
log_offset);
else
return -EINVAL;
log_offset = r5l_ring_add(log, log_offset,
le32_to_cpu(payload->size));
mb_offset += sizeof(struct r5l_payload_data_parity) +
sizeof(__le32) *
(le32_to_cpu(payload->size) >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 9));
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Load the stripe into cache. The stripe will be written out later by
* the stripe cache state machine.
*/
static void r5c_recovery_load_one_stripe(struct r5l_log *log,
struct stripe_head *sh)
{
struct r5dev *dev;
int i;
for (i = sh->disks; i--; ) {
dev = sh->dev + i;
if (test_and_clear_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &dev->flags)) {
set_bit(R5_InJournal, &dev->flags);
set_bit(R5_UPTODATE, &dev->flags);
}
}
}
/*
* Scan through the log for all to-be-flushed data
*
* For stripes with data and parity, namely Data-Parity stripe
* (STRIPE_R5C_CACHING == 0), we simply replay all the writes.
*
* For stripes with only data, namely Data-Only stripe
* (STRIPE_R5C_CACHING == 1), we load them to stripe cache state machine.
*
* For a stripe, if we see data after parity, we should discard all previous
* data and parity for this stripe, as these data are already flushed to
* the array.
*
* At the end of the scan, we return the new journal_tail, which points to
* first data-only stripe on the journal device, or next invalid meta block.
*/
static int r5c_recovery_flush_log(struct r5l_log *log,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx)
{
struct stripe_head *sh;
int ret = 0;
/* scan through the log */
while (1) {
if (r5l_recovery_read_meta_block(log, ctx))
break;
ret = r5c_recovery_analyze_meta_block(log, ctx,
&ctx->cached_list);
/*
* -EAGAIN means mismatch in data block, in this case, we still
* try scan the next metablock
*/
if (ret && ret != -EAGAIN)
break; /* ret == -EINVAL or -ENOMEM */
ctx->seq++;
ctx->pos = r5l_ring_add(log, ctx->pos, ctx->meta_total_blocks);
}
if (ret == -ENOMEM) {
r5c_recovery_drop_stripes(&ctx->cached_list, ctx);
return ret;
}
/* replay data-parity stripes */
r5c_recovery_replay_stripes(&ctx->cached_list, ctx);
/* load data-only stripes to stripe cache */
list_for_each_entry(sh, &ctx->cached_list, lru) {
WARN_ON(!test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state));
r5c_recovery_load_one_stripe(log, sh);
ctx->data_only_stripes++;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* we did a recovery. Now ctx.pos points to an invalid meta block. New
* log will start here. but we can't let superblock point to last valid
* meta block. The log might looks like:
* | meta 1| meta 2| meta 3|
* meta 1 is valid, meta 2 is invalid. meta 3 could be valid. If
* superblock points to meta 1, we write a new valid meta 2n. if crash
* happens again, new recovery will start from meta 1. Since meta 2n is
* valid now, recovery will think meta 3 is valid, which is wrong.
* The solution is we create a new meta in meta2 with its seq == meta
* 1's seq + 10000 and let superblock points to meta2. The same recovery
* will not think meta 3 is a valid meta, because its seq doesn't match
*/
/*
* Before recovery, the log looks like the following
*
* ---------------------------------------------
* | valid log | invalid log |
* ---------------------------------------------
* ^
* |- log->last_checkpoint
* |- log->last_cp_seq
*
* Now we scan through the log until we see invalid entry
*
* ---------------------------------------------
* | valid log | invalid log |
* ---------------------------------------------
* ^ ^
* |- log->last_checkpoint |- ctx->pos
* |- log->last_cp_seq |- ctx->seq
*
* From this point, we need to increase seq number by 10 to avoid
* confusing next recovery.
*
* ---------------------------------------------
* | valid log | invalid log |
* ---------------------------------------------
* ^ ^
* |- log->last_checkpoint |- ctx->pos+1
* |- log->last_cp_seq |- ctx->seq+10001
*
* However, it is not safe to start the state machine yet, because data only
* parities are not yet secured in RAID. To save these data only parities, we
* rewrite them from seq+11.
*
* -----------------------------------------------------------------
* | valid log | data only stripes | invalid log |
* -----------------------------------------------------------------
* ^ ^
* |- log->last_checkpoint |- ctx->pos+n
* |- log->last_cp_seq |- ctx->seq+10000+n
*
* If failure happens again during this process, the recovery can safe start
* again from log->last_checkpoint.
*
* Once data only stripes are rewritten to journal, we move log_tail
*
* -----------------------------------------------------------------
* | old log | data only stripes | invalid log |
* -----------------------------------------------------------------
* ^ ^
* |- log->last_checkpoint |- ctx->pos+n
* |- log->last_cp_seq |- ctx->seq+10000+n
*
* Then we can safely start the state machine. If failure happens from this
* point on, the recovery will start from new log->last_checkpoint.
*/
static int
r5c_recovery_rewrite_data_only_stripes(struct r5l_log *log,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx)
{
struct stripe_head *sh;
struct mddev *mddev = log->rdev->mddev;
struct page *page;
sector_t next_checkpoint = MaxSector;
page = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
if (!page) {
pr_err("md/raid:%s: cannot allocate memory to rewrite data only stripes\n",
mdname(mddev));
return -ENOMEM;
}
WARN_ON(list_empty(&ctx->cached_list));
list_for_each_entry(sh, &ctx->cached_list, lru) {
struct r5l_meta_block *mb;
int i;
int offset;
sector_t write_pos;
WARN_ON(!test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state));
r5l_recovery_create_empty_meta_block(log, page,
ctx->pos, ctx->seq);
mb = page_address(page);
offset = le32_to_cpu(mb->meta_size);
write_pos = r5l_ring_add(log, ctx->pos, BLOCK_SECTORS);
for (i = sh->disks; i--; ) {
struct r5dev *dev = &sh->dev[i];
struct r5l_payload_data_parity *payload;
void *addr;
if (test_bit(R5_InJournal, &dev->flags)) {
payload = (void *)mb + offset;
payload->header.type = cpu_to_le16(
R5LOG_PAYLOAD_DATA);
payload->size = cpu_to_le32(BLOCK_SECTORS);
payload->location = cpu_to_le64(
raid5_compute_blocknr(sh, i, 0));
addr = kmap_atomic(dev->page);
payload->checksum[0] = cpu_to_le32(
crc32c_le(log->uuid_checksum, addr,
PAGE_SIZE));
kunmap_atomic(addr);
sync_page_io(log->rdev, write_pos, PAGE_SIZE,
dev->page, REQ_OP_WRITE, 0, false);
write_pos = r5l_ring_add(log, write_pos,
BLOCK_SECTORS);
offset += sizeof(__le32) +
sizeof(struct r5l_payload_data_parity);
}
}
mb->meta_size = cpu_to_le32(offset);
mb->checksum = cpu_to_le32(crc32c_le(log->uuid_checksum,
mb, PAGE_SIZE));
sync_page_io(log->rdev, ctx->pos, PAGE_SIZE, page,
REQ_OP_WRITE, REQ_SYNC | REQ_FUA, false);
sh->log_start = ctx->pos;
list_add_tail(&sh->r5c, &log->stripe_in_journal_list);
atomic_inc(&log->stripe_in_journal_count);
ctx->pos = write_pos;
ctx->seq += 1;
next_checkpoint = sh->log_start;
}
log->next_checkpoint = next_checkpoint;
__free_page(page);
return 0;
}
static void r5c_recovery_flush_data_only_stripes(struct r5l_log *log,
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx)
{
struct mddev *mddev = log->rdev->mddev;
struct r5conf *conf = mddev->private;
struct stripe_head *sh, *next;
if (ctx->data_only_stripes == 0)
return;
log->r5c_journal_mode = R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_BACK;
list_for_each_entry_safe(sh, next, &ctx->cached_list, lru) {
r5c_make_stripe_write_out(sh);
set_bit(STRIPE_HANDLE, &sh->state);
list_del_init(&sh->lru);
raid5_release_stripe(sh);
}
/* reuse conf->wait_for_quiescent in recovery */
wait_event(conf->wait_for_quiescent,
atomic_read(&conf->active_stripes) == 0);
log->r5c_journal_mode = R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_THROUGH;
}
static int r5l_recovery_log(struct r5l_log *log)
{
struct mddev *mddev = log->rdev->mddev;
struct r5l_recovery_ctx *ctx;
int ret;
sector_t pos;
ctx = kzalloc(sizeof(*ctx), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!ctx)
return -ENOMEM;
ctx->pos = log->last_checkpoint;
ctx->seq = log->last_cp_seq;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->cached_list);
ctx->meta_page = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
if (!ctx->meta_page) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto meta_page;
}
if (r5l_recovery_allocate_ra_pool(log, ctx) != 0) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto ra_pool;
}
ret = r5c_recovery_flush_log(log, ctx);
if (ret)
goto error;
pos = ctx->pos;
ctx->seq += 10000;
if ((ctx->data_only_stripes == 0) && (ctx->data_parity_stripes == 0))
pr_info("md/raid:%s: starting from clean shutdown\n",
mdname(mddev));
else
pr_info("md/raid:%s: recovering %d data-only stripes and %d data-parity stripes\n",
mdname(mddev), ctx->data_only_stripes,
ctx->data_parity_stripes);
if (ctx->data_only_stripes == 0) {
log->next_checkpoint = ctx->pos;
r5l_log_write_empty_meta_block(log, ctx->pos, ctx->seq++);
ctx->pos = r5l_ring_add(log, ctx->pos, BLOCK_SECTORS);
} else if (r5c_recovery_rewrite_data_only_stripes(log, ctx)) {
pr_err("md/raid:%s: failed to rewrite stripes to journal\n",
mdname(mddev));
ret = -EIO;
goto error;
}
log->log_start = ctx->pos;
log->seq = ctx->seq;
log->last_checkpoint = pos;
r5l_write_super(log, pos);
r5c_recovery_flush_data_only_stripes(log, ctx);
ret = 0;
error:
r5l_recovery_free_ra_pool(log, ctx);
ra_pool:
__free_page(ctx->meta_page);
meta_page:
kfree(ctx);
return ret;
}
static void r5l_write_super(struct r5l_log *log, sector_t cp)
{
struct mddev *mddev = log->rdev->mddev;
log->rdev->journal_tail = cp;
set_bit(MD_SB_CHANGE_DEVS, &mddev->sb_flags);
}
static ssize_t r5c_journal_mode_show(struct mddev *mddev, char *page)
{
struct r5conf *conf;
int ret;
ret = mddev_lock(mddev);
if (ret)
return ret;
conf = mddev->private;
if (!conf || !conf->log) {
mddev_unlock(mddev);
return 0;
}
switch (conf->log->r5c_journal_mode) {
case R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_THROUGH:
ret = snprintf(
page, PAGE_SIZE, "[%s] %s\n",
r5c_journal_mode_str[R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_THROUGH],
r5c_journal_mode_str[R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_BACK]);
break;
case R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_BACK:
ret = snprintf(
page, PAGE_SIZE, "%s [%s]\n",
r5c_journal_mode_str[R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_THROUGH],
r5c_journal_mode_str[R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_BACK]);
break;
default:
ret = 0;
}
mddev_unlock(mddev);
return ret;
}
/*
* Set journal cache mode on @mddev (external API initially needed by dm-raid).
*
* @mode as defined in 'enum r5c_journal_mode'.
*
*/
int r5c_journal_mode_set(struct mddev *mddev, int mode)
{
struct r5conf *conf;
if (mode < R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_THROUGH ||
mode > R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_BACK)
return -EINVAL;
conf = mddev->private;
if (!conf || !conf->log)
return -ENODEV;
if (raid5_calc_degraded(conf) > 0 &&
mode == R5C_JOURNAL_MODE_WRITE_BACK)
return -EINVAL;
mddev_suspend(mddev);
conf->log->r5c_journal_mode = mode;
mddev_resume(mddev);
pr_debug("md/raid:%s: setting r5c cache mode to %d: %s\n",
mdname(mddev), mode, r5c_journal_mode_str[mode]);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(r5c_journal_mode_set);
static ssize_t r5c_journal_mode_store(struct mddev *mddev,
const char *page, size_t length)
{
int mode = ARRAY_SIZE(r5c_journal_mode_str);
size_t len = length;
int ret;
if (len < 2)
return -EINVAL;
if (page[len - 1] == '\n')
len--;
while (mode--)
if (strlen(r5c_journal_mode_str[mode]) == len &&
!strncmp(page, r5c_journal_mode_str[mode], len))
break;
ret = mddev_lock(mddev);
if (ret)
return ret;
ret = r5c_journal_mode_set(mddev, mode);
mddev_unlock(mddev);
return ret ?: length;
}
struct md_sysfs_entry
r5c_journal_mode = __ATTR(journal_mode, 0644,
r5c_journal_mode_show, r5c_journal_mode_store);
/*
* Try handle write operation in caching phase. This function should only
* be called in write-back mode.
*
* If all outstanding writes can be handled in caching phase, returns 0
* If writes requires write-out phase, call r5c_make_stripe_write_out()
* and returns -EAGAIN
*/
int r5c_try_caching_write(struct r5conf *conf,
struct stripe_head *sh,
struct stripe_head_state *s,
int disks)
{
struct r5l_log *log = conf->log;
int i;
struct r5dev *dev;
int to_cache = 0;
void **pslot;
sector_t tree_index;
int ret;
uintptr_t refcount;
BUG_ON(!r5c_is_writeback(log));
if (!test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state)) {
/*
* There are two different scenarios here:
* 1. The stripe has some data cached, and it is sent to
* write-out phase for reclaim
* 2. The stripe is clean, and this is the first write
*
* For 1, return -EAGAIN, so we continue with
* handle_stripe_dirtying().
*
* For 2, set STRIPE_R5C_CACHING and continue with caching
* write.
*/
/* case 1: anything injournal or anything in written */
if (s->injournal > 0 || s->written > 0)
return -EAGAIN;
/* case 2 */
set_bit(STRIPE_R5C_CACHING, &sh->state);
}
/*
* When run in degraded mode, array is set to write-through mode.
* This check helps drain pending write safely in the transition to
* write-through mode.
*
* When a stripe is syncing, the write is also handled in write
* through mode.
*/
if (s->failed || test_bit(STRIPE_SYNCING, &sh->state)) {
r5c_make_stripe_write_out(sh);
return -EAGAIN;
}
for (i = disks; i--; ) {
dev = &sh->dev[i];
/* if non-overwrite, use writing-out phase */
if (dev->towrite && !test_bit(R5_OVERWRITE, &dev->flags) &&
!test_bit(R5_InJournal, &dev->flags)) {
r5c_make_stripe_write_out(sh);
return -EAGAIN;
}
}
/* if the stripe is not counted in big_stripe_tree, add it now */
if (!test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_PARTIAL_STRIPE, &sh->state) &&
!test_bit(STRIPE_R5C_FULL_STRIPE, &sh->state)) {
tree_index = r5c_tree_index(conf, sh->sector);
spin_lock(&log->tree_lock);
pslot = radix_tree_lookup_slot(&log->big_stripe_tree,
tree_index);
if (pslot) {
refcount = (uintptr_t)radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(
pslot, &log->tree_lock) >>
R5C_RADIX_COUNT_SHIFT;
radix_tree_replace_slot(
&log->big_stripe_tree, pslot,
(void *)((refcount + 1) << R5C_RADIX_COUNT_SHIFT));
} else {
/*
* this radix_tree_insert can fail safely, so no
* need to call radix_tree_preload()
*/
ret = radix_tree_insert(
&log->big_stripe_tree, tree_index,
(void *)(1 << R5C_RADIX_COUNT_SHIFT));
if (ret) {
spin_unlock(&log->tree_lock);
r5c_make_stripe_write_out(sh);
return -EAGAIN;
}
}
spin_unlock(&log->tree_lock);
/*
* set STRIPE_R5C_PARTIAL_STRIPE, this shows the stripe is
* counted in the radix tree
*/
set_bit(STRIPE_R5C_PARTIAL_STRIPE, &sh->state);
atomic_inc(&conf->r5c_cached_partial_stripes);
}
for (i = disks; i--; ) {
dev = &sh->dev[i];
if (dev->towrite) {
set_bit(R5_Wantwrite, &dev->flags);
set_bit(R5_Wantdrain, &dev->flags);
set_bit(R5_LOCKED, &dev->flags);
to_cache++;
}
}
if (to_cache) {
set_bit(STRIPE_OP_BIODRAIN, &s->ops_request);
/*
* set STRIPE_LOG_TRAPPED, which triggers r5c_cache_data()
* in ops_run_io(). STRIPE_LOG_TRAPPED will be cleared in
* r5c_handle_data_cached()
*/
set_bit(STRIPE_LOG_TRAPPED, &sh->state);
}
return 0;
}
/*
* free extra pages (orig_page) we allocated for prexor
*/
void r5c_release_extra_page(struct stripe_head *sh)
{
struct r5conf *conf = sh->raid_conf;
int i;
bool using_disk_info_extra_page;
using_disk_info_extra_page =
sh->dev[0].orig_page == conf->disks[0].extra_page;
for (i = sh->disks; i--; )
if (sh->dev[i].page != sh->dev[i].orig_page) {
struct page *p = sh->dev[i].orig_page;