blob: f8f61ff3235bc8ed72fe886e130aef8d034553c7 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* linux/mm/vmalloc.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1993 Linus Torvalds
* Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG, July 1999
* SMP-safe vmalloc/vfree/ioremap, Tigran Aivazian <tigran@veritas.com>, May 2000
* Major rework to support vmap/vunmap, Christoph Hellwig, SGI, August 2002
* Numa awareness, Christoph Lameter, SGI, June 2005
*/
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/set_memory.h>
#include <linux/debugobjects.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/radix-tree.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/pfn.h>
#include <linux/kmemleak.h>
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/llist.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/rbtree_augmented.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/shmparam.h>
#include "internal.h"
struct vfree_deferred {
struct llist_head list;
struct work_struct wq;
};
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vfree_deferred, vfree_deferred);
static void __vunmap(const void *, int);
static void free_work(struct work_struct *w)
{
struct vfree_deferred *p = container_of(w, struct vfree_deferred, wq);
struct llist_node *t, *llnode;
llist_for_each_safe(llnode, t, llist_del_all(&p->list))
__vunmap((void *)llnode, 1);
}
/*** Page table manipulation functions ***/
static void vunmap_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
{
pte_t *pte;
pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr);
do {
pte_t ptent = ptep_get_and_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
WARN_ON(!pte_none(ptent) && !pte_present(ptent));
} while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
}
static void vunmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
{
pmd_t *pmd;
unsigned long next;
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
do {
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pmd_clear_huge(pmd))
continue;
if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd))
continue;
vunmap_pte_range(pmd, addr, next);
} while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);
}
static void vunmap_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
{
pud_t *pud;
unsigned long next;
pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr);
do {
next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pud_clear_huge(pud))
continue;
if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud))
continue;
vunmap_pmd_range(pud, addr, next);
} while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
}
static void vunmap_p4d_range(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
{
p4d_t *p4d;
unsigned long next;
p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr);
do {
next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end);
if (p4d_clear_huge(p4d))
continue;
if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d))
continue;
vunmap_pud_range(p4d, addr, next);
} while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end);
}
static void vunmap_page_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
unsigned long next;
BUG_ON(addr >= end);
pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr);
do {
next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd))
continue;
vunmap_p4d_range(pgd, addr, next);
} while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end);
}
static int vmap_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr)
{
pte_t *pte;
/*
* nr is a running index into the array which helps higher level
* callers keep track of where we're up to.
*/
pte = pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, addr);
if (!pte)
return -ENOMEM;
do {
struct page *page = pages[*nr];
if (WARN_ON(!pte_none(*pte)))
return -EBUSY;
if (WARN_ON(!page))
return -ENOMEM;
set_pte_at(&init_mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot));
(*nr)++;
} while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
return 0;
}
static int vmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr)
{
pmd_t *pmd;
unsigned long next;
pmd = pmd_alloc(&init_mm, pud, addr);
if (!pmd)
return -ENOMEM;
do {
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (vmap_pte_range(pmd, addr, next, prot, pages, nr))
return -ENOMEM;
} while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 0;
}
static int vmap_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr)
{
pud_t *pud;
unsigned long next;
pud = pud_alloc(&init_mm, p4d, addr);
if (!pud)
return -ENOMEM;
do {
next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
if (vmap_pmd_range(pud, addr, next, prot, pages, nr))
return -ENOMEM;
} while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 0;
}
static int vmap_p4d_range(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr)
{
p4d_t *p4d;
unsigned long next;
p4d = p4d_alloc(&init_mm, pgd, addr);
if (!p4d)
return -ENOMEM;
do {
next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end);
if (vmap_pud_range(p4d, addr, next, prot, pages, nr))
return -ENOMEM;
} while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 0;
}
/*
* Set up page tables in kva (addr, end). The ptes shall have prot "prot", and
* will have pfns corresponding to the "pages" array.
*
* Ie. pte at addr+N*PAGE_SIZE shall point to pfn corresponding to pages[N]
*/
static int vmap_page_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
unsigned long next;
unsigned long addr = start;
int err = 0;
int nr = 0;
BUG_ON(addr >= end);
pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr);
do {
next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
err = vmap_p4d_range(pgd, addr, next, prot, pages, &nr);
if (err)
return err;
} while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end);
return nr;
}
static int vmap_page_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages)
{
int ret;
ret = vmap_page_range_noflush(start, end, prot, pages);
flush_cache_vmap(start, end);
return ret;
}
int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x)
{
/*
* ARM, x86-64 and sparc64 put modules in a special place,
* and fall back on vmalloc() if that fails. Others
* just put it in the vmalloc space.
*/
#if defined(CONFIG_MODULES) && defined(MODULES_VADDR)
unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)x;
if (addr >= MODULES_VADDR && addr < MODULES_END)
return 1;
#endif
return is_vmalloc_addr(x);
}
/*
* Walk a vmap address to the struct page it maps.
*/
struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *vmalloc_addr)
{
unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) vmalloc_addr;
struct page *page = NULL;
pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr);
p4d_t *p4d;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;
pte_t *ptep, pte;
/*
* XXX we might need to change this if we add VIRTUAL_BUG_ON for
* architectures that do not vmalloc module space
*/
VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(!is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(vmalloc_addr));
if (pgd_none(*pgd))
return NULL;
p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr);
if (p4d_none(*p4d))
return NULL;
pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr);
/*
* Don't dereference bad PUD or PMD (below) entries. This will also
* identify huge mappings, which we may encounter on architectures
* that define CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP=y. Such regions will be
* identified as vmalloc addresses by is_vmalloc_addr(), but are
* not [unambiguously] associated with a struct page, so there is
* no correct value to return for them.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(pud_bad(*pud));
if (pud_none(*pud) || pud_bad(*pud))
return NULL;
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
WARN_ON_ONCE(pmd_bad(*pmd));
if (pmd_none(*pmd) || pmd_bad(*pmd))
return NULL;
ptep = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr);
pte = *ptep;
if (pte_present(pte))
page = pte_page(pte);
pte_unmap(ptep);
return page;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_to_page);
/*
* Map a vmalloc()-space virtual address to the physical page frame number.
*/
unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *vmalloc_addr)
{
return page_to_pfn(vmalloc_to_page(vmalloc_addr));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_to_pfn);
/*** Global kva allocator ***/
#define VM_LAZY_FREE 0x02
#define VM_VM_AREA 0x04
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(vmap_area_lock);
/* Export for kexec only */
LIST_HEAD(vmap_area_list);
static LLIST_HEAD(vmap_purge_list);
static struct rb_root vmap_area_root = RB_ROOT;
static bool vmap_initialized __read_mostly;
/*
* This kmem_cache is used for vmap_area objects. Instead of
* allocating from slab we reuse an object from this cache to
* make things faster. Especially in "no edge" splitting of
* free block.
*/
static struct kmem_cache *vmap_area_cachep;
/*
* This linked list is used in pair with free_vmap_area_root.
* It gives O(1) access to prev/next to perform fast coalescing.
*/
static LIST_HEAD(free_vmap_area_list);
/*
* This augment red-black tree represents the free vmap space.
* All vmap_area objects in this tree are sorted by va->va_start
* address. It is used for allocation and merging when a vmap
* object is released.
*
* Each vmap_area node contains a maximum available free block
* of its sub-tree, right or left. Therefore it is possible to
* find a lowest match of free area.
*/
static struct rb_root free_vmap_area_root = RB_ROOT;
static __always_inline unsigned long
va_size(struct vmap_area *va)
{
return (va->va_end - va->va_start);
}
static __always_inline unsigned long
get_subtree_max_size(struct rb_node *node)
{
struct vmap_area *va;
va = rb_entry_safe(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
return va ? va->subtree_max_size : 0;
}
/*
* Gets called when remove the node and rotate.
*/
static __always_inline unsigned long
compute_subtree_max_size(struct vmap_area *va)
{
return max3(va_size(va),
get_subtree_max_size(va->rb_node.rb_left),
get_subtree_max_size(va->rb_node.rb_right));
}
RB_DECLARE_CALLBACKS(static, free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb,
struct vmap_area, rb_node, unsigned long, subtree_max_size,
compute_subtree_max_size)
static void purge_vmap_area_lazy(void);
static BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_HEAD(vmap_notify_list);
static unsigned long lazy_max_pages(void);
static struct vmap_area *__find_vmap_area(unsigned long addr)
{
struct rb_node *n = vmap_area_root.rb_node;
while (n) {
struct vmap_area *va;
va = rb_entry(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
if (addr < va->va_start)
n = n->rb_left;
else if (addr >= va->va_end)
n = n->rb_right;
else
return va;
}
return NULL;
}
/*
* This function returns back addresses of parent node
* and its left or right link for further processing.
*/
static __always_inline struct rb_node **
find_va_links(struct vmap_area *va,
struct rb_root *root, struct rb_node *from,
struct rb_node **parent)
{
struct vmap_area *tmp_va;
struct rb_node **link;
if (root) {
link = &root->rb_node;
if (unlikely(!*link)) {
*parent = NULL;
return link;
}
} else {
link = &from;
}
/*
* Go to the bottom of the tree. When we hit the last point
* we end up with parent rb_node and correct direction, i name
* it link, where the new va->rb_node will be attached to.
*/
do {
tmp_va = rb_entry(*link, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
/*
* During the traversal we also do some sanity check.
* Trigger the BUG() if there are sides(left/right)
* or full overlaps.
*/
if (va->va_start < tmp_va->va_end &&
va->va_end <= tmp_va->va_start)
link = &(*link)->rb_left;
else if (va->va_end > tmp_va->va_start &&
va->va_start >= tmp_va->va_end)
link = &(*link)->rb_right;
else
BUG();
} while (*link);
*parent = &tmp_va->rb_node;
return link;
}
static __always_inline struct list_head *
get_va_next_sibling(struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **link)
{
struct list_head *list;
if (unlikely(!parent))
/*
* The red-black tree where we try to find VA neighbors
* before merging or inserting is empty, i.e. it means
* there is no free vmap space. Normally it does not
* happen but we handle this case anyway.
*/
return NULL;
list = &rb_entry(parent, struct vmap_area, rb_node)->list;
return (&parent->rb_right == link ? list->next : list);
}
static __always_inline void
link_va(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root,
struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **link, struct list_head *head)
{
/*
* VA is still not in the list, but we can
* identify its future previous list_head node.
*/
if (likely(parent)) {
head = &rb_entry(parent, struct vmap_area, rb_node)->list;
if (&parent->rb_right != link)
head = head->prev;
}
/* Insert to the rb-tree */
rb_link_node(&va->rb_node, parent, link);
if (root == &free_vmap_area_root) {
/*
* Some explanation here. Just perform simple insertion
* to the tree. We do not set va->subtree_max_size to
* its current size before calling rb_insert_augmented().
* It is because of we populate the tree from the bottom
* to parent levels when the node _is_ in the tree.
*
* Therefore we set subtree_max_size to zero after insertion,
* to let __augment_tree_propagate_from() puts everything to
* the correct order later on.
*/
rb_insert_augmented(&va->rb_node,
root, &free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb);
va->subtree_max_size = 0;
} else {
rb_insert_color(&va->rb_node, root);
}
/* Address-sort this list */
list_add(&va->list, head);
}
static __always_inline void
unlink_va(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root)
{
/*
* During merging a VA node can be empty, therefore
* not linked with the tree nor list. Just check it.
*/
if (!RB_EMPTY_NODE(&va->rb_node)) {
if (root == &free_vmap_area_root)
rb_erase_augmented(&va->rb_node,
root, &free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb);
else
rb_erase(&va->rb_node, root);
list_del(&va->list);
RB_CLEAR_NODE(&va->rb_node);
}
}
/*
* This function populates subtree_max_size from bottom to upper
* levels starting from VA point. The propagation must be done
* when VA size is modified by changing its va_start/va_end. Or
* in case of newly inserting of VA to the tree.
*
* It means that __augment_tree_propagate_from() must be called:
* - After VA has been inserted to the tree(free path);
* - After VA has been shrunk(allocation path);
* - After VA has been increased(merging path).
*
* Please note that, it does not mean that upper parent nodes
* and their subtree_max_size are recalculated all the time up
* to the root node.
*
* 4--8
* /\
* / \
* / \
* 2--2 8--8
*
* For example if we modify the node 4, shrinking it to 2, then
* no any modification is required. If we shrink the node 2 to 1
* its subtree_max_size is updated only, and set to 1. If we shrink
* the node 8 to 6, then its subtree_max_size is set to 6 and parent
* node becomes 4--6.
*/
static __always_inline void
augment_tree_propagate_from(struct vmap_area *va)
{
struct rb_node *node = &va->rb_node;
unsigned long new_va_sub_max_size;
while (node) {
va = rb_entry(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
new_va_sub_max_size = compute_subtree_max_size(va);
/*
* If the newly calculated maximum available size of the
* subtree is equal to the current one, then it means that
* the tree is propagated correctly. So we have to stop at
* this point to save cycles.
*/
if (va->subtree_max_size == new_va_sub_max_size)
break;
va->subtree_max_size = new_va_sub_max_size;
node = rb_parent(&va->rb_node);
}
}
static void
insert_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va,
struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head)
{
struct rb_node **link;
struct rb_node *parent;
link = find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent);
link_va(va, root, parent, link, head);
}
static void
insert_vmap_area_augment(struct vmap_area *va,
struct rb_node *from, struct rb_root *root,
struct list_head *head)
{
struct rb_node **link;
struct rb_node *parent;
if (from)
link = find_va_links(va, NULL, from, &parent);
else
link = find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent);
link_va(va, root, parent, link, head);
augment_tree_propagate_from(va);
}
/*
* Merge de-allocated chunk of VA memory with previous
* and next free blocks. If coalesce is not done a new
* free area is inserted. If VA has been merged, it is
* freed.
*/
static __always_inline void
merge_or_add_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va,
struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head)
{
struct vmap_area *sibling;
struct list_head *next;
struct rb_node **link;
struct rb_node *parent;
bool merged = false;
/*
* Find a place in the tree where VA potentially will be
* inserted, unless it is merged with its sibling/siblings.
*/
link = find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent);
/*
* Get next node of VA to check if merging can be done.
*/
next = get_va_next_sibling(parent, link);
if (unlikely(next == NULL))
goto insert;
/*
* start end
* | |
* |<------VA------>|<-----Next----->|
* | |
* start end
*/
if (next != head) {
sibling = list_entry(next, struct vmap_area, list);
if (sibling->va_start == va->va_end) {
sibling->va_start = va->va_start;
/* Check and update the tree if needed. */
augment_tree_propagate_from(sibling);
/* Remove this VA, it has been merged. */
unlink_va(va, root);
/* Free vmap_area object. */
kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va);
/* Point to the new merged area. */
va = sibling;
merged = true;
}
}
/*
* start end
* | |
* |<-----Prev----->|<------VA------>|
* | |
* start end
*/
if (next->prev != head) {
sibling = list_entry(next->prev, struct vmap_area, list);
if (sibling->va_end == va->va_start) {
sibling->va_end = va->va_end;
/* Check and update the tree if needed. */
augment_tree_propagate_from(sibling);
/* Remove this VA, it has been merged. */
unlink_va(va, root);
/* Free vmap_area object. */
kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va);
return;
}
}
insert:
if (!merged) {
link_va(va, root, parent, link, head);
augment_tree_propagate_from(va);
}
}
static __always_inline bool
is_within_this_va(struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long size,
unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart)
{
unsigned long nva_start_addr;
if (va->va_start > vstart)
nva_start_addr = ALIGN(va->va_start, align);
else
nva_start_addr = ALIGN(vstart, align);
/* Can be overflowed due to big size or alignment. */
if (nva_start_addr + size < nva_start_addr ||
nva_start_addr < vstart)
return false;
return (nva_start_addr + size <= va->va_end);
}
/*
* Find the first free block(lowest start address) in the tree,
* that will accomplish the request corresponding to passing
* parameters.
*/
static __always_inline struct vmap_area *
find_vmap_lowest_match(unsigned long size,
unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart)
{
struct vmap_area *va;
struct rb_node *node;
unsigned long length;
/* Start from the root. */
node = free_vmap_area_root.rb_node;
/* Adjust the search size for alignment overhead. */
length = size + align - 1;
while (node) {
va = rb_entry(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_left) >= length &&
vstart < va->va_start) {
node = node->rb_left;
} else {
if (is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart))
return va;
/*
* Does not make sense to go deeper towards the right
* sub-tree if it does not have a free block that is
* equal or bigger to the requested search length.
*/
if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_right) >= length) {
node = node->rb_right;
continue;
}
/*
* OK. We roll back and find the fist right sub-tree,
* that will satisfy the search criteria. It can happen
* only once due to "vstart" restriction.
*/
while ((node = rb_parent(node))) {
va = rb_entry(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node);
if (is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart))
return va;
if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_right) >= length &&
vstart <= va->va_start) {
node = node->rb_right;
break;
}
}
}
}
return NULL;
}
enum fit_type {
NOTHING_FIT = 0,
FL_FIT_TYPE = 1, /* full fit */
LE_FIT_TYPE = 2, /* left edge fit */
RE_FIT_TYPE = 3, /* right edge fit */
NE_FIT_TYPE = 4 /* no edge fit */
};
static __always_inline enum fit_type
classify_va_fit_type(struct vmap_area *va,
unsigned long nva_start_addr, unsigned long size)
{
enum fit_type type;
/* Check if it is within VA. */
if (nva_start_addr < va->va_start ||
nva_start_addr + size > va->va_end)
return NOTHING_FIT;
/* Now classify. */
if (va->va_start == nva_start_addr) {
if (va->va_end == nva_start_addr + size)
type = FL_FIT_TYPE;
else
type = LE_FIT_TYPE;
} else if (va->va_end == nva_start_addr + size) {
type = RE_FIT_TYPE;
} else {
type = NE_FIT_TYPE;
}
return type;
}
static __always_inline int
adjust_va_to_fit_type(struct vmap_area *va,
unsigned long nva_start_addr, unsigned long size,
enum fit_type type)
{
struct vmap_area *lva;
if (type == FL_FIT_TYPE) {
/*
* No need to split VA, it fully fits.
*
* | |
* V NVA V
* |---------------|
*/
unlink_va(va, &free_vmap_area_root);
kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va);
} else if (type == LE_FIT_TYPE) {
/*
* Split left edge of fit VA.
*
* | |
* V NVA V R
* |-------|-------|
*/
va->va_start += size;
} else if (type == RE_FIT_TYPE) {
/*
* Split right edge of fit VA.
*
* | |
* L V NVA V
* |-------|-------|
*/
va->va_end = nva_start_addr;
} else if (type == NE_FIT_TYPE) {
/*
* Split no edge of fit VA.
*
* | |
* L V NVA V R
* |---|-------|---|
*/
lva = kmem_cache_alloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT);
if (unlikely(!lva))
return -1;
/*
* Build the remainder.
*/
lva->va_start = va->va_start;
lva->va_end = nva_start_addr;
/*
* Shrink this VA to remaining size.
*/
va->va_start = nva_start_addr + size;
} else {
return -1;
}
if (type != FL_FIT_TYPE) {
augment_tree_propagate_from(va);
if (type == NE_FIT_TYPE)
insert_vmap_area_augment(lva, &va->rb_node,
&free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list);
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Returns a start address of the newly allocated area, if success.
* Otherwise a vend is returned that indicates failure.
*/
static __always_inline unsigned long
__alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend, int node)
{
unsigned long nva_start_addr;
struct vmap_area *va;
enum fit_type type;
int ret;
va = find_vmap_lowest_match(size, align, vstart);
if (unlikely(!va))
return vend;
if (va->va_start > vstart)
nva_start_addr = ALIGN(va->va_start, align);
else
nva_start_addr = ALIGN(vstart, align);
/* Check the "vend" restriction. */
if (nva_start_addr + size > vend)
return vend;
/* Classify what we have found. */
type = classify_va_fit_type(va, nva_start_addr, size);
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(type == NOTHING_FIT))
return vend;
/* Update the free vmap_area. */
ret = adjust_va_to_fit_type(va, nva_start_addr, size, type);
if (ret)
return vend;
return nva_start_addr;
}
/*
* Allocate a region of KVA of the specified size and alignment, within the
* vstart and vend.
*/
static struct vmap_area *alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size,
unsigned long align,
unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend,
int node, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
struct vmap_area *va;
unsigned long addr;
int purged = 0;
BUG_ON(!size);
BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size));
BUG_ON(!is_power_of_2(align));
if (unlikely(!vmap_initialized))
return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
might_sleep();
va = kmem_cache_alloc_node(vmap_area_cachep,
gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, node);
if (unlikely(!va))
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
/*
* Only scan the relevant parts containing pointers to other objects
* to avoid false negatives.
*/
kmemleak_scan_area(&va->rb_node, SIZE_MAX, gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK);
retry:
spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock);
/*
* If an allocation fails, the "vend" address is
* returned. Therefore trigger the overflow path.
*/
addr = __alloc_vmap_area(size, align, vstart, vend, node);
if (unlikely(addr == vend))
goto overflow;
va->va_start = addr;
va->va_end = addr + size;
va->flags = 0;
insert_vmap_area(va, &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list);
spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock);
BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(va->va_start, align));
BUG_ON(va->va_start < vstart);
BUG_ON(va->va_end > vend);
return va;
overflow:
spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock);
if (!purged) {
purge_vmap_area_lazy();
purged = 1;
goto retry;
}
if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp_mask)) {
unsigned long freed = 0;
blocking_notifier_call_chain(&vmap_notify_list, 0, &freed);
if (freed > 0) {
purged = 0;
goto retry;
}
}
if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN) && printk_ratelimit())
pr_warn("vmap allocation for size %lu failed: use vmalloc=<size> to increase size\n",
size);
kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va);
return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
}
int register_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
{
return blocking_notifier_chain_register(&vmap_notify_list, nb);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_vmap_purge_notifier);
int unregister_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
{
return blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(&vmap_notify_list, nb);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_vmap_purge_notifier);
static void __free_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va)
{
BUG_ON(RB_EMPTY_NODE(&va->rb_node));
/*
* Remove from the busy tree/list.
*/
unlink_va(va, &vmap_area_root);
/*
* Merge VA with its neighbors, otherwise just add it.
*/
merge_or_add_vmap_area(va,
&free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list);
}
/*
* Free a region of KVA allocated by alloc_vmap_area
*/
static void free_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va)
{
spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock);
__free_vmap_area(va);
spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock);
}
/*
* Clear the pagetable entries of a given vmap_area
*/
static void unmap_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va)
{
vunmap_page_range(va->va_start, va->va_end);
}
/*
* lazy_max_pages is the maximum amount of virtual address space we gather up
* before attempting to purge with a TLB flush.
*
* There is a tradeoff here: a larger number will cover more kernel page tables
* and take slightly longer to purge, but it will linearly reduce the number of
* global TLB flushes that must be performed. It would seem natural to scale
* this number up linearly with the number of CPUs (because vmapping activity
* could also scale linearly with the number of CPUs), however it is likely
* that in practice, workloads might be constrained in other ways that mean
* vmap activity will not scale linearly with CPUs. Also, I want to be
* conservative and not introduce a big latency on huge systems, so go with
* a less aggressive log scale. It will still be an improvement over the old
* code, and it will be simple to change the scale factor if we find that it
* becomes a problem on bigger systems.
*/
static unsigned long lazy_max_pages(void)
{
unsigned int log;
log = fls(num_online_cpus());
return log * (32UL * 1024 * 1024 / PAGE_SIZE);
}
static atomic_long_t vmap_lazy_nr = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0);
/*
* Serialize vmap purging. There is no actual criticial section protected
* by this look, but we want to avoid concurrent calls for performance
* reasons and to make the pcpu_get_vm_areas more deterministic.
*/
static DEFINE_MUTEX(vmap_purge_lock);
/* for per-CPU blocks */
static void purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(void);
/*
* called before a call to iounmap() if the caller wants vm_area_struct's
* immediately freed.
*/
void set_iounmap_nonlazy(void)
{
atomic_long_set(&vmap_lazy_nr, lazy_max_pages()+1);
}
/*
* Purges all lazily-freed vmap areas.
*/
static bool __purge_vmap_area_lazy(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
unsigned long resched_threshold;
struct llist_node *valist;
struct vmap_area *va;
struct vmap_area *n_va;
lockdep_assert_held(&vmap_purge_lock);
valist = llist_del_all(&vmap_purge_list);
if (unlikely(valist == NULL))
return false;
/*
* TODO: to calculate a flush range without looping.
* The list can be up to lazy_max_pages() elements.
*/
llist_for_each_entry(va, valist, purge_list) {
if (va->va_start < start)
start = va->va_start;
if (va->va_end > end)
end = va->va_end;
}
flush_tlb_kernel_range(start, end);
resched_threshold = lazy_max_pages() << 1;
spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock);
llist_for_each_entry_safe(va, n_va, valist, purge_list) {
unsigned long nr = (va->va_end - va->va_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
__free_vmap_area(va);
atomic_long_sub(nr, &vmap_lazy_nr);
if (atomic_long_read(&vmap_lazy_nr) < resched_threshold)
cond_resched_lock(&vmap_area_lock);
}
spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock);
return true;
}
/*
* Kick off a purge of the outstanding lazy areas. Don't bother if somebody
* is already purging.
*/
static void try_purge_vmap_area_lazy(void)
{
if (mutex_trylock(&vmap_purge_lock)) {
__purge_vmap_area_lazy(ULONG_MAX, 0);
mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock);
}
}
/*
* Kick off a purge of the outstanding lazy areas.
*/
static void purge_vmap_area_lazy(void)
{
mutex_lock(&vmap_purge_lock);
purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus();
__purge_vmap_area_lazy(ULONG_MAX, 0);
mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock);
}
/*
* Free a vmap area, caller ensuring that the area has been unmapped
* and flush_cache_vunmap had been called for the correct range
* previously.
*/
static void free_vmap_area_noflush(struct vmap_area *va)
{
unsigned long nr_lazy;
nr_lazy = atomic_long_add_return((va->va_end - va->va_start) >>
PAGE_SHIFT, &vmap_lazy_nr);
/* After this point, we may free va at any time */
llist_add(&va->purge_list, &vmap_purge_list);
if (unlikely(nr_lazy > lazy_max_pages()))
try_purge_vmap_area_lazy();
}
/*
* Free and unmap a vmap area
*/
static void free_unmap_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va)
{
flush_cache_vunmap(va->va_start, va->va_end);
unmap_vmap_area(va);
if (debug_pagealloc_enabled())
flush_tlb_kernel_range(va->va_start, va->va_end);
free_vmap_area_noflush(va);
}
static struct vmap_area *find_vmap_area(unsigned long addr)
{
struct vmap_area *va;
spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock);
va = __find_vmap_area(addr);
spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock);
return va;
}
/*** Per cpu kva allocator ***/
/*
* vmap space is limited especially on 32 bit architectures. Ensure there is
* room for at least 16 percpu vmap blocks per CPU.
*/
/*
* If we had a constant VMALLOC_START and VMALLOC_END, we'd like to be able
* to #define VMALLOC_SPACE (VMALLOC_END-VMALLOC_START). Guess
* instead (we just need a rough idea)
*/
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
#define VMALLOC_SPACE (128UL*1024*1024)
#else
#define VMALLOC_SPACE (128UL*1024*1024*1024)
#endif
#define VMALLOC_PAGES (VMALLOC_SPACE / PAGE_SIZE)
#define VMAP_MAX_ALLOC BITS_PER_LONG /* 256K with 4K pages */
#define VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MAX 1024 /* 4MB with 4K pages */
#define VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MIN (VMAP_MAX_ALLOC*2)
#define VMAP_MIN(x, y) ((x) < (y) ? (x) : (y)) /* can't use min() */
#define VMAP_MAX(x, y) ((x) > (y) ? (x) : (y)) /* can't use max() */
#define VMAP_BBMAP_BITS \
VMAP_MIN(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MAX, \
VMAP_MAX(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MIN, \
VMALLOC_PAGES / roundup_pow_of_two(NR_CPUS) / 16))
#define VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE (VMAP_BBMAP_BITS * PAGE_SIZE)
struct vmap_block_queue {
spinlock_t lock;
struct list_head free;
};
struct vmap_block {
spinlock_t lock;
struct vmap_area *va;
unsigned long free, dirty;
unsigned long dirty_min, dirty_max; /*< dirty range */
struct list_head free_list;
struct rcu_head rcu_head;
struct list_head purge;
};
/* Queue of free and dirty vmap blocks, for allocation and flushing purposes */
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmap_block_queue, vmap_block_queue);
/*
* Radix tree of vmap blocks, indexed by address, to quickly find a vmap block
* in the free path. Could get rid of this if we change the API to return a
* "cookie" from alloc, to be passed to free. But no big deal yet.
*/
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(vmap_block_tree_lock);
static RADIX_TREE(vmap_block_tree, GFP_ATOMIC);
/*
* We should probably have a fallback mechanism to allocate virtual memory
* out of partially filled vmap blocks. However vmap block sizing should be
* fairly reasonable according to the vmalloc size, so it shouldn't be a
* big problem.
*/
static unsigned long addr_to_vb_idx(unsigned long addr)
{
addr -= VMALLOC_START & ~(VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE-1);
addr /= VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE;
return addr;
}
static void *vmap_block_vaddr(unsigned long va_start, unsigned long pages_off)
{
unsigned long addr;
addr = va_start + (pages_off << PAGE_SHIFT);
BUG_ON(addr_to_vb_idx(addr) != addr_to_vb_idx(va_start));
return (void *)addr;
}
/**
* new_vmap_block - allocates new vmap_block and occupies 2^order pages in this
* block. Of course pages number can't exceed VMAP_BBMAP_BITS
* @order: how many 2^order pages should be occupied in newly allocated block
* @gfp_mask: flags for the page level allocator
*
* Return: virtual address in a newly allocated block or ERR_PTR(-errno)
*/
static void *new_vmap_block(unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
struct vmap_block_queue *vbq;
struct vmap_block *vb;
struct vmap_area *va;
unsigned long vb_idx;
int node, err;
void *vaddr;
node = numa_node_id();
vb = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct vmap_block),
gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, node);
if (unlikely(!vb))
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
va = alloc_vmap_area(VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE, VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE,
VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END,
node, gfp_mask);
if (IS_ERR(va)) {
kfree(vb);
return ERR_CAST(va);
}
err = radix_tree_preload(gfp_mask);
if (unlikely(err)) {
kfree(vb);
free_vmap_area(va);
return ERR_PTR(err);
}
vaddr = vmap_block_vaddr(va->va_start, 0);
spin_lock_init(&vb->lock);
vb->va = va;
/* At least something should be left free */
BUG_ON(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS <= (1UL << order));
vb->free = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS - (1UL << order);
vb->dirty = 0;
vb->dirty_min = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS;
vb->dirty_max = 0;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vb->free_list);
vb_idx = addr_to_vb_idx(va->va_start);
spin_lock(&vmap_block_tree_lock);
err = radix_tree_insert(&vmap_block_tree, vb_idx, vb);
spin_unlock(&vmap_block_tree_lock);
BUG_ON(err);
radix_tree_preload_end();
vbq = &get_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue);
spin_lock(&vbq->lock);
list_add_tail_rcu(&vb->free_list, &vbq->free);
spin_unlock(&vbq->lock);
put_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue);
return vaddr;
}
static void free_vmap_block(struct vmap_block *vb)
{
struct vmap_block *tmp;
unsigned long vb_idx;
vb_idx = addr_to_vb_idx(vb->va->va_start);
spin_lock(&vmap_block_tree_lock);
tmp = radix_tree_delete(&vmap_block_tree, vb_idx);
spin_unlock(&vmap_block_tree_lock);
BUG_ON(tmp != vb);
free_vmap_area_noflush(vb->va);
kfree_rcu(vb, rcu_head);
}
static void purge_fragmented_blocks(int cpu)
{
LIST_HEAD(purge);
struct vmap_block *vb;
struct vmap_block *n_vb;
struct vmap_block_queue *vbq = &per_cpu(vmap_block_queue, cpu);
rcu_read_lock();
list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) {
if (!(vb->free + vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS && vb->dirty != VMAP_BBMAP_BITS))
continue;
spin_lock(&vb->lock);
if (vb->free + vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS && vb->dirty != VMAP_BBMAP_BITS) {
vb->free = 0; /* prevent further allocs after releasing lock */
vb->dirty = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS; /* prevent purging it again */
vb->dirty_min = 0;
vb->dirty_max = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS;
spin_lock(&vbq->lock);
list_del_rcu(&vb->free_list);
spin_unlock(&vbq->lock);
spin_unlock(&vb->lock);
list_add_tail(&vb->purge, &purge);
} else
spin_unlock(&vb->lock);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
list_for_each_entry_safe(vb, n_vb, &purge, purge) {
list_del(&vb->purge);
free_vmap_block(vb);
}
}
static void purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(void)
{
int cpu;
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
purge_fragmented_blocks(cpu);
}
static void *vb_alloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
struct vmap_block_queue *vbq;
struct vmap_block *vb;
void *vaddr = NULL;
unsigned int order;
BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size));
BUG_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE*VMAP_MAX_ALLOC);
if (WARN_ON(size == 0)) {
/*
* Allocating 0 bytes isn't what caller wants since
* get_order(0) returns funny result. Just warn and terminate
* early.
*/
return NULL;
}
order = get_order(size);
rcu_read_lock();
vbq = &get_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue);
list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) {
unsigned long pages_off;
spin_lock(&vb->lock);
if (vb->free < (1UL << order)) {
spin_unlock(&vb->lock);
continue;
}
pages_off = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS - vb->free;
vaddr = vmap_block_vaddr(vb->va->va_start, pages_off);
vb->free -= 1UL << order;
if (vb->free == 0) {
spin_lock(&vbq->lock);
list_del_rcu(&vb->free_list);
spin_unlock(&vbq->lock);
}
spin_unlock(&vb->lock);
break;
}
put_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue);
rcu_read_unlock();
/* Allocate new block if nothing was found */
if (!vaddr)
vaddr = new_vmap_block(order, gfp_mask);
return vaddr;
}
static void vb_free(const void *addr, unsigned long size)
{
unsigned long offset;
unsigned long vb_idx;
unsigned int order;
struct vmap_block *vb;
BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size));
BUG_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE*VMAP_MAX_ALLOC);
flush_cache_vunmap((unsigned long)addr, (unsigned long)addr + size);
order = get_order(size);
offset = (unsigned long)addr & (VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE - 1);
offset >>= PAGE_SHIFT;
vb_idx = addr_to_vb_idx((unsigned long)addr);
rcu_read_lock();
vb = radix_tree_lookup(&vmap_block_tree, vb_idx);
rcu_read_unlock();
BUG_ON(!vb);
vunmap_page_range((unsigned long)addr, (unsigned long)addr + size);
if (debug_pagealloc_enabled())
flush_tlb_kernel_range((unsigned long)addr,
(unsigned long)addr + size);
spin_lock(&vb->lock);
/* Expand dirty range */
vb->dirty_min = min(vb->dirty_min, offset);
vb->dirty_max = max(vb->dirty_max, offset + (1UL << order));
vb->dirty += 1UL << order;
if (vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS) {
BUG_ON(vb->free);
spin_unlock(&vb->lock);
free_vmap_block(vb);
} else
spin_unlock(&vb->lock);
}
static void _vm_unmap_aliases(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int flush)
{
int cpu;
if (unlikely(!vmap_initialized))
return;
might_sleep();
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
struct vmap_block_queue *vbq = &per_cpu(vmap_block_queue, cpu);
struct vmap_block *vb;
rcu_read_lock();
list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) {
spin_lock(&vb->lock);
if (vb->dirty) {
unsigned long va_start = vb->va->va_start;
unsigned long s, e;
s = va_start + (vb->dirty_min << PAGE_SHIFT);
e = va_start + (vb->dirty_max << PAGE_SHIFT);
start = min(s, start);
end = max(e, end);
flush = 1;
}
spin_unlock(&vb->lock);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
}
mutex_lock(&vmap_purge_lock);
purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus();
if (!__purge_vmap_area_lazy(start, end) && flush)
flush_tlb_kernel_range(start, end);
mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock);
}
/**
* vm_unmap_aliases - unmap outstanding lazy aliases in the vmap layer
*
* The vmap/vmalloc layer lazily flushes kernel virtual mappings primarily
* to amortize TLB flushing overheads. What this means is that any page you
* have now, may, in a former life, have been mapped into kernel virtual
* address by the vmap layer and so there might be some CPUs with TLB entries
* still referencing that page (additional to the regular 1:1 kernel mapping).
*
* vm_unmap_aliases flushes all such lazy mappings. After it returns, we can
* be sure that none of the pages we have control over will have any aliases
* from the vmap layer.
*/
void vm_unmap_aliases(void)
{
unsigned long start = ULONG_MAX, end = 0;
int flush = 0;
_vm_unmap_aliases(start, end, flush);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vm_unmap_aliases);
/**
* vm_unmap_ram - unmap linear kernel address space set up by vm_map_ram
* @mem: the pointer returned by vm_map_ram
* @count: the count passed to that vm_map_ram call (cannot unmap partial)
*/
void vm_unmap_ram(const void *mem, unsigned int count)
{
unsigned long size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT;
unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)mem;
struct vmap_area *va;
might_sleep();
BUG_ON(!addr);
BUG_ON(addr < VMALLOC_START);
BUG_ON(addr > VMALLOC_END);
BUG_ON(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr));
if (likely(count <= VMAP_MAX_ALLOC)) {
debug_check_no_locks_freed(mem, size);
vb_free(mem, size);
return;
}
va = find_vmap_area(addr);
BUG_ON(!va);
debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)va->va_start,
(va->va_end - va->va_start));
free_unmap_vmap_area(va);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_unmap_ram);
/**
* vm_map_ram - map pages linearly into kernel virtual address (vmalloc space)
* @pages: an array of pointers to the pages to be mapped
* @count: number of pages
* @node: prefer to allocate data structures on this node
* @prot: memory protection to use. PAGE_KERNEL for regular RAM
*
* If you use this function for less than VMAP_MAX_ALLOC pages, it could be
* faster than vmap so it's good. But if you mix long-life and short-life
* objects with vm_map_ram(), it could consume lots of address space through
* fragmentation (especially on a 32bit machine). You could see failures in
* the end. Please use this function for short-lived objects.
*
* Returns: a pointer to the address that has been mapped, or %NULL on failure
*/
void *vm_map_ram(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, int node, pgprot_t prot)
{
unsigned long size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT;
unsigned long addr;
void *mem;
if (likely(count <= VMAP_MAX_ALLOC)) {
mem = vb_alloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
if (IS_ERR(mem))
return NULL;
addr = (unsigned long)mem;
} else {
struct vmap_area *va;
va = alloc_vmap_area(size, PAGE_SIZE,
VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, node, GFP_KERNEL);
if (IS_ERR(va))
return NULL;
addr = va->va_start;
mem = (void *)addr;
}
if (vmap_page_range(addr, addr + size, prot, pages) < 0) {
vm_unmap_ram(mem, count);
return NULL;
}
return mem;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_ram);
static struct vm_struct *vmlist __initdata;
/**
* vm_area_add_early - add vmap area early during boot
* @vm: vm_struct to add
*
* This function is used to add fixed kernel vm area to vmlist before
* vmalloc_init() is called. @vm->addr, @vm->size, and @vm->flags
* should contain proper values and the other fields should be zero.
*
* DO NOT USE THIS FUNCTION UNLESS YOU KNOW WHAT YOU'RE DOING.
*/
void __init vm_area_add_early(struct vm_struct *vm)
{
struct vm_struct *tmp, **p;
BUG_ON(vmap_initialized);
for (p = &vmlist; (tmp = *p) != NULL; p = &tmp->next) {
if (tmp->addr >= vm->addr) {
BUG_ON(tmp->addr < vm->addr + vm->size);
break;
} else
BUG_ON(tmp->addr + tmp->size > vm->addr);
}
vm->next = *p;
*p = vm;
}
/**
* vm_area_register_early - register vmap area early during boot
* @vm: vm_struct to register
* @align: requested alignment
*
* This function is used to register kernel vm area before
* vmalloc_init() is called. @vm->size and @vm->flags should contain
* proper values on entry and other fields should be zero. On return,
* vm->addr contains the allocated address.
*
* DO NOT USE THIS FUNCTION UNLESS YOU KNOW WHAT YOU'RE DOING.
*/
void __init vm_area_register_early(struct vm_struct *vm, size_t align)
{
static size_t vm_init_off __initdata;
unsigned long addr;
addr = ALIGN(VMALLOC_START + vm_init_off, align);
vm_init_off = PFN_ALIGN(addr + vm->size) - VMALLOC_START;
vm->addr = (void *)addr;
vm_area_add_early(vm);
}
static void vmap_init_free_space(void)
{
unsigned long vmap_start = 1;
const unsigned long vmap_end = ULONG_MAX;
struct vmap_area *busy, *free;
/*
* B F B B B F
* -|-----|.....|-----|-----|-----|.....|-
* | The KVA space |
* |<--------------------------------->|
*/
list_for_each_entry(busy, &vmap_area_list, list) {
if (busy->va_start - vmap_start > 0) {
free = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT);
if (!WARN_ON_ONCE(!free)) {
free->va_start = vmap_start;
free->va_end = busy->va_start;
insert_vmap_area_augment(free, NULL,
&free_vmap_area_root,
&free_vmap_area_list);
}
}
vmap_start = busy->va_end;
}
if (vmap_end - vmap_start > 0) {
free = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT);
if (!WARN_ON_ONCE(!free)) {
free->va_start = vmap_start;
free->va_end = vmap_end;
insert_vmap_area_augment(free, NULL,
&free_vmap_area_root,
&free_vmap_area_list);
}
}
}
void __init vmalloc_init(void)
{
struct vmap_area *va;
struct vm_struct *tmp;
int i;
/*
* Create the cache for vmap_area objects.
*/
vmap_area_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(vmap_area, SLAB_PANIC);
for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
struct vmap_block_queue *vbq;
struct vfree_deferred *p;
vbq = &per_cpu(vmap_block_queue, i);
spin_lock_init(&vbq->lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vbq->free);
p = &per_cpu(vfree_deferred, i);
init_llist_head(&p->list);
INIT_WORK(&p->wq, free_work);
}
/* Import existing vmlist entries. */
for (tmp = vmlist; tmp; tmp = tmp->next) {
va = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT);
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!va))
continue;
va->flags = VM_VM_AREA;
va->va_start = (unsigned long)tmp->addr;
va->va_end = va->va_start + tmp->size;
va->vm = tmp;
insert_vmap_area(va, &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list);
}
/*
* Now we can initialize a free vmap space.
*/
vmap_init_free_space();
vmap_initialized = true;
}
/**
* map_kernel_range_noflush - map kernel VM area with the specified pages
* @addr: start of the VM area to map
* @size: size of the VM area to map
* @prot: page protection flags to use
* @pages: pages to map
*
* Map PFN_UP(@size) pages at @addr. The VM area @addr and @size
* specify should have been allocated using get_vm_area() and its
* friends.
*
* NOTE:
* This function does NOT do any cache flushing. The caller is
* responsible for calling flush_cache_vmap() on to-be-mapped areas
* before calling this function.
*
* RETURNS:
* The number of pages mapped on success, -errno on failure.
*/
int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size,
pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages)
{
return vmap_page_range_noflush(addr, addr + size, prot, pages);
}
/**
* unmap_kernel_range_noflush - unmap kernel VM area
* @addr: start of the VM area to unmap
* @size: size of the VM area to unmap
*
* Unmap PFN_UP(@size) pages at @addr. The VM area @addr and @size
* specify should have been allocated using get_vm_area() and its
* friends.
*
* NOTE:
* This function does NOT do any cache flushing. The caller is
* responsible for calling flush_cache_vunmap() on to-be-mapped areas
* before calling this function and flush_tlb_kernel_range() after.
*/
void unmap_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size)
{
vunmap_page_range(addr, addr + size);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unmap_kernel_range_noflush);
/**
* unmap_kernel_range - unmap kernel VM area and flush cache and TLB
* @addr: start of the VM area to unmap
* @size: size of the VM area to unmap
*
* Similar to unmap_kernel_range_noflush() but flushes vcache before
* the unmapping and tlb after.
*/
void unmap_kernel_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size)
{
unsigned long end = addr + size;
flush_cache_vunmap(addr, end);
vunmap_page_range(addr, end);
flush_tlb_kernel_range(addr, end);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unmap_kernel_range);
int map_vm_area(struct vm_struct *area, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages)
{
unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)area->addr;
unsigned long end = addr + get_vm_area_size(area);
int err;
err = vmap_page_range(addr, end, prot, pages);
return err > 0 ? 0 : err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(map_vm_area);
static void setup_vmalloc_vm(struct vm_struct *vm, struct vmap_area *va,
unsigned long flags, const void *caller)
{
spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock);
vm->flags = flags;
vm->addr = (void *)va->va_start;
vm->size = va->va_end - va->va_start;
vm->caller = caller;
va->vm = vm;
va->flags |= VM_VM_AREA;
spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock);
}
static void clear_vm_uninitialized_flag(struct vm_struct *vm)
{
/*
* Before removing VM_UNINITIALIZED,
* we should make sure that vm has proper values.
* Pair with smp_rmb() in show_numa_info().
*/
smp_wmb();
vm->flags &= ~VM_UNINITIALIZED;
}
static struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area_node(unsigned long size,
unsigned long align, unsigned long flags, unsigned long start,
unsigned long end, int node, gfp_t gfp_mask, const void *caller)
{
struct vmap_area *va;
struct vm_struct *area;
BUG_ON(in_interrupt());
size = PAGE_ALIGN(size);
if (unlikely(!size))
return NULL;
if (flags & VM_IOREMAP)
align = 1ul << clamp_t(int, get_count_order_long(size),
PAGE_SHIFT, IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER);
area = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*area), gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, node);
if (unlikely(!area))
return NULL;
if (!(flags & VM_NO_GUARD))
size += PAGE_SIZE;
va = alloc_vmap_area(size, align, start, end, node, gfp_mask);
if (IS_ERR(va)) {
kfree(area);
return NULL;
}
setup_vmalloc_vm(area, va, flags, caller);
return area;
}
struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, start, end, NUMA_NO_NODE,
GFP_KERNEL, __builtin_return_address(0));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__get_vm_area);
struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
const void *caller)
{
return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, start, end, NUMA_NO_NODE,
GFP_KERNEL, caller);
}
/**
* get_vm_area - reserve a contiguous kernel virtual area
* @size: size of the area
* @flags: %VM_IOREMAP for I/O mappings or VM_ALLOC
*
* Search an area of @size in the kernel virtual mapping area,
* and reserved it for out purposes. Returns the area descriptor
* on success or %NULL on failure.
*
* Return: the area descriptor on success or %NULL on failure.
*/
struct vm_struct *get_vm_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags)
{
return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END,
NUMA_NO_NODE, GFP_KERNEL,
__builtin_return_address(0));
}
struct vm_struct *get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags,
const void *caller)
{
return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END,
NUMA_NO_NODE, GFP_KERNEL, caller);
}
/**
* find_vm_area - find a continuous kernel virtual area
* @addr: base address
*
* Search for the kernel VM area starting at @addr, and return it.
* It is up to the caller to do all required locking to keep the returned
* pointer valid.
*
* Return: pointer to the found area or %NULL on faulure
*/
struct vm_struct *find_vm_area(const void *addr)
{
struct vmap_area *va;
va = find_vmap_area((unsigned long)addr);
if (va && va->flags & VM_VM_AREA)
return va->vm;
return NULL;
}
/**
* remove_vm_area - find and remove a continuous kernel virtual area
* @addr: base address
*
* Search for the kernel VM area starting at @addr, and remove it.
* This function returns the found VM area, but using it is NOT safe
* on SMP machines, except for its size or flags.
*
* Return: pointer to the found area or %NULL on faulure
*/
struct vm_struct *remove_vm_area(const void *addr)
{
struct vmap_area *va;
might_sleep();
va = find_vmap_area((unsigned long)addr);
if (va && va->flags & VM_VM_AREA) {
struct vm_struct *vm = va->vm;
spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock);
va->vm = NULL;
va->flags &= ~VM_VM_AREA;
va->flags |= VM_LAZY_FREE;
spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock);
kasan_free_shadow(vm);
free_unmap_vmap_area(va);
return vm;
}
return NULL;
}
static inline void set_area_direct_map(const struct vm_struct *area,
int (*set_direct_map)(struct page *page))
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++)
if (page_address(area->pages[i]))
set_direct_map(area->pages[i]);
}
/* Handle removing and resetting vm mappings related to the vm_struct. */
static void vm_remove_mappings(struct vm_struct *area, int deallocate_pages)
{
unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)area->addr;
unsigned long start = ULONG_MAX, end = 0;
int flush_reset = area->flags & VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS;
int i;
/*
* The below block can be removed when all architectures that have
* direct map permissions also have set_direct_map_() implementations.
* This is concerned with resetting the direct map any an vm alias with
* execute permissions, without leaving a RW+X window.
*/
if (flush_reset && !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP)) {
set_memory_nx(addr, area->nr_pages);
set_memory_rw(addr, area->nr_pages);
}
remove_vm_area(area->addr);
/* If this is not VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS memory, no need for the below. */
if (!flush_reset)
return;
/*
* If not deallocating pages, just do the flush of the VM area and
* return.
*/
if (!deallocate_pages) {
vm_unmap_aliases();
return;
}
/*
* If execution gets here, flush the vm mapping and reset the direct
* map. Find the start and end range of the direct mappings to make sure
* the vm_unmap_aliases() flush includes the direct map.
*/
for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) {
if (page_address(area->pages[i])) {
start = min(addr, start);
end = max(addr, end);
}
}
/*
* Set direct map to something invalid so that it won't be cached if
* there are any accesses after the TLB flush, then flush the TLB and
* reset the direct map permissions to the default.
*/
set_area_direct_map(area, set_direct_map_invalid_noflush);
_vm_unmap_aliases(start, end, 1);
set_area_direct_map(area, set_direct_map_default_noflush);
}
static void __vunmap(const void *addr, int deallocate_pages)
{
struct vm_struct *area;
if (!addr)
return;
if (WARN(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr), "Trying to vfree() bad address (%p)\n",
addr))
return;
area = find_vm_area(addr);
if (unlikely(!area)) {
WARN(1, KERN_ERR "Trying to vfree() nonexistent vm area (%p)\n",
addr);
return;
}
debug_check_no_locks_freed(area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area));
debug_check_no_obj_freed(area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area));
vm_remove_mappings(area, deallocate_pages);
if (deallocate_pages) {
int i;
for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) {
struct page *page = area->pages[i];
BUG_ON(!page);
__free_pages(page, 0);
}
kvfree(area->pages);
}
kfree(area);
return;
}
static inline void __vfree_deferred(const void *addr)
{
/*
* Use raw_cpu_ptr() because this can be called from preemptible
* context. Preemption is absolutely fine here, because the llist_add()
* implementation is lockless, so it works even if we are adding to
* nother cpu's list. schedule_work() should be fine with this too.
*/
struct vfree_deferred *p = raw_cpu_ptr(&vfree_deferred);
if (llist_add((struct llist_node *)addr, &p->list))
schedule_work(&p->wq);
}
/**
* vfree_atomic - release memory allocated by vmalloc()
* @addr: memory base address
*
* This one is just like vfree() but can be called in any atomic context
* except NMIs.
*/
void vfree_atomic(const void *addr)
{
BUG_ON(in_nmi());
kmemleak_free(addr);
if (!addr)
return;
__vfree_deferred(addr);
}
static void __vfree(const void *addr)
{
if (unlikely(in_interrupt()))
__vfree_deferred(addr);
else
__vunmap(addr, 1);
}
/**
* vfree - release memory allocated by vmalloc()
* @addr: memory base address
*
* Free the virtually continuous memory area starting at @addr, as
* obtained from vmalloc(), vmalloc_32() or __vmalloc(). If @addr is
* NULL, no operation is performed.
*
* Must not be called in NMI context (strictly speaking, only if we don't
* have CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG, but making the calling
* conventions for vfree() arch-depenedent would be a really bad idea)
*
* May sleep if called *not* from interrupt context.
*
* NOTE: assumes that the object at @addr has a size >= sizeof(llist_node)
*/
void vfree(const void *addr)
{
BUG_ON(in_nmi());
kmemleak_free(addr);
might_sleep_if(!in_interrupt());
if (!addr)
return;
__vfree(addr);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfree);
/**
* vunmap - release virtual mapping obtained by vmap()
* @addr: memory base address
*
* Free the virtually contiguous memory area starting at @addr,
* which was created from the page array passed to vmap().
*
* Must not be called in interrupt context.
*/
void vunmap(const void *addr)
{
BUG_ON(in_interrupt());
might_sleep();
if (addr)
__vunmap(addr, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vunmap);
/**
* vmap - map an array of pages into virtually contiguous space
* @pages: array of page pointers
* @count: number of pages to map
* @flags: vm_area->flags
* @prot: page protection for the mapping
*
* Maps @count pages from @pages into contiguous kernel virtual
* space.
*
* Return: the address of the area or %NULL on failure
*/
void *vmap(struct page **pages, unsigned int count,
unsigned long flags, pgprot_t prot)
{
struct vm_struct *area;
unsigned long size; /* In bytes */
might_sleep();
if (count > totalram_pages())
return NULL;
size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT;
area = get_vm_area_caller(size, flags, __builtin_return_address(0));
if (!area)
return NULL;
if (map_vm_area(area, prot, pages)) {
vunmap(area->addr);
return NULL;
}
return area->addr;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmap);
static void *__vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot,
int node, const void *caller);
static void *__vmalloc_area_node(struct vm_struct *area, gfp_t gfp_mask,
pgprot_t prot, int node)
{
struct page **pages;
unsigned int nr_pages, array_size, i;
const gfp_t nested_gfp = (gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK) | __GFP_ZERO;
const gfp_t alloc_mask = gfp_mask | __GFP_NOWARN;
const gfp_t highmem_mask = (gfp_mask & (GFP_DMA | GFP_DMA32)) ?
0 :
__GFP_HIGHMEM;
nr_pages = get_vm_area_size(area) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
array_size = (nr_pages * sizeof(struct page *));
area->nr_pages = nr_pages;
/* Please note that the recursion is strictly bounded. */
if (array_size > PAGE_SIZE) {
pages = __vmalloc_node(array_size, 1, nested_gfp|highmem_mask,
PAGE_KERNEL, node, area->caller);
} else {
pages = kmalloc_node(array_size, nested_gfp, node);
}
area->pages = pages;
if (!area->pages) {
remove_vm_area(area->addr);
kfree(area);
return NULL;
}
for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) {
struct page *page;
if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE)
page = alloc_page(alloc_mask|highmem_mask);
else
page = alloc_pages_node(node, alloc_mask|highmem_mask, 0);
if (unlikely(!page)) {
/* Successfully allocated i pages, free them in __vunmap() */
area->nr_pages = i;
goto fail;
}
area->pages[i] = page;
if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp_mask|highmem_mask))
cond_resched();
}
if (map_vm_area(area, prot, pages))
goto fail;
return area->addr;
fail:
warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL,
"vmalloc: allocation failure, allocated %ld of %ld bytes",
(area->nr_pages*PAGE_SIZE), area->size);
__vfree(area->addr);
return NULL;
}
/**
* __vmalloc_node_range - allocate virtually contiguous memory
* @size: allocation size
* @align: desired alignment
* @start: vm area range start
* @end: vm area range end
* @gfp_mask: flags for the page level allocator
* @prot: protection mask for the allocated pages
* @vm_flags: additional vm area flags (e.g. %VM_NO_GUARD)
* @node: node to use for allocation or NUMA_NO_NODE
* @caller: caller's return address
*
* Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level
* allocator with @gfp_mask flags. Map them into contiguous
* kernel virtual space, using a pagetable protection of @prot.
*
* Return: the address of the area or %NULL on failure
*/
void *__vmalloc_node_range(unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end, gfp_t gfp_mask,
pgprot_t prot, unsigned long vm_flags, int node,
const void *caller)
{
struct vm_struct *area;
void *addr;
unsigned long real_size = size;
size = PAGE_ALIGN(size);
if (!size || (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) > totalram_pages())
goto fail;
area = __get_vm_area_node(size, align, VM_ALLOC | VM_UNINITIALIZED |
vm_flags, start, end, node, gfp_mask, caller);
if (!area)
goto fail;
addr = __vmalloc_area_node(area, gfp_mask, prot, node);
if (!addr)
return NULL;
/*
* In this function, newly allocated vm_struct has VM_UNINITIALIZED
* flag. It means that vm_struct is not fully initialized.
* Now, it is fully initialized, so remove this flag here.
*/
clear_vm_uninitialized_flag(area);
kmemleak_vmalloc(area, size, gfp_mask);
return addr;
fail:
warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL,
"vmalloc: allocation failure: %lu bytes", real_size);
return NULL;
}
/*
* This is only for performance analysis of vmalloc and stress purpose.
* It is required by vmalloc test module, therefore do not use it other
* than that.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_TEST_VMALLOC_MODULE
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__vmalloc_node_range);
#endif
/**
* __vmalloc_node - allocate virtually contiguous memory
* @size: allocation size
* @align: desired alignment
* @gfp_mask: flags for the page level allocator
* @prot: protection mask for the allocated pages
* @node: node to use for allocation or NUMA_NO_NODE
* @caller: caller's return address
*
* Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level
* allocator with @gfp_mask flags. Map them into contiguous
* kernel virtual space, using a pagetable protection of @prot.
*
* Reclaim modifiers in @gfp_mask - __GFP_NORETRY, __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL
* and __GFP_NOFAIL are not supported
*
* Any use of gfp flags outside of GFP_KERNEL should be consulted
* with mm people.
*
* Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error
*/
static void *__vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot,
int node, const void *caller)
{
return __vmalloc_node_range(size, align, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END,
gfp_mask, prot, 0, node, caller);
}
void *__vmalloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot)
{
return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, gfp_mask, prot, NUMA_NO_NODE,
__builtin_return_address(0));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__vmalloc);
static inline void *__vmalloc_node_flags(unsigned long size,
int node, gfp_t flags)
{
return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, flags, PAGE_KERNEL,
node, __builtin_return_address(0));
}
void *__vmalloc_node_flags_caller(unsigned long size, int node, gfp_t flags,
void *caller)
{
return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, flags, PAGE_KERNEL, node, caller);
}
/**
* vmalloc - allocate virtually contiguous memory
* @size: allocation size
*
* Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level
* allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space.
*
* For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags
* use __vmalloc() instead.
*
* Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error
*/
void *vmalloc(unsigned long size)
{
return __vmalloc_node_flags(size, NUMA_NO_NODE,
GFP_KERNEL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc);
/**
* vzalloc - allocate virtually contiguous memory with zero fill
* @size: allocation size
*
* Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level
* allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space.
* The memory allocated is set to zero.
*
* For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags
* use __vmalloc() instead.
*
* Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error
*/
void *vzalloc(unsigned long size)
{
return __vmalloc_node_flags(size, NUMA_NO_NODE,
GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vzalloc);
/**
* vmalloc_user - allocate zeroed virtually contiguous memory for userspace
* @size: allocation size
*
* The resulting memory area is zeroed so it can be mapped to userspace
* without leaking data.
*
* Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error
*/
void *vmalloc_user(unsigned long size)
{
return __vmalloc_node_range(size, SHMLBA, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END,
GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, PAGE_KERNEL,
VM_USERMAP, NUMA_NO_NODE,
__builtin_return_address(0));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_user);
/**
* vmalloc_node - allocate memory on a specific node
* @size: allocation size
* @node: numa node
*
* Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level
* allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space.
*
* For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags
* use __vmalloc() instead.
*
* Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error
*/
void *vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node)
{
return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL, PAGE_KERNEL,
node, __builtin_return_address(0));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_node);
/**
* vzalloc_node - allocate memory on a specific node with zero fill
* @size: allocation size
* @node: numa node
*
* Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level
* allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space.
* The memory allocated is set to zero.
*
* For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags
* use __vmalloc_node() instead.
*
* Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error
*/
void *vzalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node)
{
return __vmalloc_node_flags(size, node,
GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vzalloc_node);
/**
* vmalloc_exec - allocate virtually contiguous, executable memory
* @size: allocation size
*
* Kernel-internal function to allocate enough pages to cover @size
* the page level allocator and map them into contiguous and
* executable kernel virtual space.
*
* For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags
* use __vmalloc() instead.
*
* Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error
*/
void *vmalloc_exec(unsigned long size)
{
return __vmalloc_node_range(size, 1, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END,
GFP_KERNEL, PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC, VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS,
NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0));
}
#if defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32)
#define GFP_VMALLOC32 (GFP_DMA32 | GFP_KERNEL)
#elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA)
#define GFP_VMALLOC32 (GFP_DMA | GFP_KERNEL)
#else
/*
* 64b systems should always have either DMA or DMA32 zones. For others
* GFP_DMA32 should do the right thing and use the normal zone.
*/
#define GFP_VMALLOC32 GFP_DMA32 | GFP_KERNEL
#endif
/**
* vmalloc_32 - allocate virtually contiguous memory (32bit addressable)
* @size: allocation size
*
* Allocate enough 32bit PA addressable pages to cover @size from the
* page level allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space.
*
* Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error
*/
void *vmalloc_32(unsigned long size)
{
return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_VMALLOC32, PAGE_KERNEL,
NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_32);
/**
* vmalloc_32_user - allocate zeroed virtually contiguous 32bit memory
* @size: allocation size
*
* The resulting memory area is 32bit addressable and zeroed so it can be
* mapped to userspace without leaking data.
*
* Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error
*/
void *vmalloc_32_user(unsigned long size)
{
return __vmalloc_node_range(size, SHMLBA, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END,
GFP_VMALLOC32 | __GFP_ZERO, PAGE_KERNEL,
VM_USERMAP, NUMA_NO_NODE,
__builtin_return_address(0));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_32_user);
/*
* small helper routine , copy contents to buf from addr.
* If the page is not present, fill zero.
*/
static int aligned_vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count)
{
struct page *p;
int copied = 0;
while (count) {
unsigned long offset, length;
offset = offset_in_page(addr);
length = PAGE_SIZE - offset;
if (length > count)
length = count;
p = vmalloc_to_page(addr);
/*
* To do safe access to this _mapped_ area, we need
* lock. But adding lock here means that we need to add
* overhead of vmalloc()/vfree() calles for this _debug_
* interface, rarely used. Instead of that, we'll use
* kmap() and get small overhead in this access function.
*/
if (p) {
/*
* we can expect USER0 is not used (see vread/vwrite's
* function description)
*/
void *map = kmap_atomic(p);
memcpy(buf, map + offset, length);
kunmap_atomic(map);
} else
memset(buf, 0, length);
addr += length;
buf += length;
copied += length;
count -= length;
}
return copied;
}
static int aligned_vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count)
{
struct page *p;
int copied = 0;
while (count) {
unsigned long offset, length;
offset = offset_in_page(addr);
length = PAGE_SIZE - offset;
if (length > count)
length = count;
p = vmalloc_to_page(addr);
/*
* To do safe access to this _mapped_ area, we need
* lock. But adding lock here means that we need to add
* overhead of vmalloc()/vfree() calles for this _debug_
* interface, rarely used. Instead of that, we'll use
* kmap() and get small overhead in this access function.
*/
if (p) {
/*
* we can expect USER0 is not used (see vread/vwrite's
* function description)
*/
void *map = kmap_atomic(p);
memcpy(map + offset, buf, length);
kunmap_atomic(map);
}
addr += length;
buf += length;
copied += length;
count -= length;
}
return copied;
}
/**
* vread() - read vmalloc area in a safe way.
* @buf: buffer for reading data
* @addr: vm address.
* @count: number of bytes to be read.
*
* This function checks that addr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, and
* copy data from that area to a given buffer. If the given memory range
* of [addr...addr+count) includes some valid address, data is copied to
* proper area of @buf. If there are memory holes, they'll be zero-filled.
* IOREMAP area is treated as memory hole and no copy is done.
*
* If [addr...addr+count) doesn't includes any intersects with alive
* vm_struct area, returns 0. @buf should be kernel's buffer.
*
* Note: In usual ops, vread() is never necessary because the caller
* should know vmalloc() area is valid and can use memcpy().
* This is for routines which have to access vmalloc area without
* any informaion, as /dev/kmem.
*
* Return: number of bytes for which addr and buf should be increased
* (same number as @count) or %0 if [addr...addr+count) doesn't
* include any intersection with valid vmalloc area
*/
long vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count)
{
struct vmap_area *va;
struct vm_struct *vm;
char *vaddr, *buf_start = buf;
unsigned long buflen = count;
unsigned long n;
/* Don't allow overflow */
if ((unsigned long) addr + count < count)
count = -(unsigned long) addr;
spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock);
list_for_each_entry(va, &vmap_area_list, list) {
if (!count)
break;
if (!(va->flags & VM_VM_AREA))
continue;
vm = va->vm;
vaddr = (char *) vm->addr;
if (addr >= vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm))
continue;
while (addr < vaddr) {
if (count == 0)
goto finished;
*buf = '\0';
buf++;
addr++;
count--;
}
n = vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm) - addr;
if (n > count)
n = count;
if (!(vm->flags & VM_IOREMAP))
aligned_vread(buf, addr, n);
else /* IOREMAP area is treated as memory hole */
memset(buf, 0, n);
buf += n;
addr += n;
count -= n;
}
finished:
spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock);
if (buf == buf_start)
return 0;
/* zero-fill memory holes */
if (buf != buf_start + buflen)
memset(buf, 0, buflen - (buf - buf_start));
return buflen;
}
/**
* vwrite() - write vmalloc area in a safe way.
* @buf: buffer for source data
* @addr: vm address.
* @count: number of bytes to be read.
*
* This function checks that addr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, and
* copy data from a buffer to the given addr. If specified range of
* [addr...addr+count) includes some valid address, data is copied from
* proper area of @buf. If there are memory holes, no copy to hole.
* IOREMAP area is treated as memory hole and no copy is done.
*
* If [addr...addr+count) doesn't includes any intersects with alive
* vm_struct area, returns 0. @buf should be kernel's buffer.
*
* Note: In usual ops, vwrite() is never necessary because the caller
* should know vmalloc() area is valid and can use memcpy().
* This is for routines which have to access vmalloc area without
* any informaion, as /dev/kmem.
*
* Return: number of bytes for which addr and buf should be
* increased (same number as @count) or %0 if [addr...addr+count)
* doesn't include any intersection with valid vmalloc area
*/
long vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count)
{
struct vmap_area *va;
struct vm_struct *vm;
char *vaddr;
unsigned long n, buflen;
int copied = 0;
/* Don't allow overflow */
if ((unsigned long) addr + count < count)
count = -(unsigned long) addr;
buflen = count;
spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock);
list_for_each_entry(va, &vmap_area_list, list) {
if (!count)
break;
if (!(va->flags & VM_VM_AREA))
continue;
vm = va->vm;
vaddr = (char *) vm->addr;
if (addr >= vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm))
continue;
while (addr < vaddr) {
if (count == 0)
goto finished;
buf++;
addr++;
count--;
}
n = vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm) - addr;
if (n > count)
n = count;
if (!(vm->flags & VM_IOREMAP)) {
aligned_vwrite(buf, addr, n);
copied++;
}
buf += n;
addr += n;
count -= n;
}
finished:
spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock);
if (!copied)
return 0;
return buflen;
}
/**
* remap_vmalloc_range_partial - map vmalloc pages to userspace
* @vma: vma to cover
* @uaddr: target user address to start at
* @kaddr: virtual address of vmalloc kernel memory
* @size: size of map area
*
* Returns: 0 for success, -Exxx on failure
*
* This function checks that @kaddr is a valid vmalloc'ed area,
* and that it is big enough to cover the range starting at
* @uaddr in @vma. Will return failure if that criteria isn't
* met.
*
* Similar to remap_pfn_range() (see mm/memory.c)
*/
int remap_vmalloc_range_partial(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long uaddr,
void *kaddr, unsigned long size)
{
struct vm_struct *area;
size = PAGE_ALIGN(size);
if (!PAGE_ALIGNED(uaddr) || !PAGE_ALIGNED(kaddr))
return -EINVAL;
area = find_vm_area(kaddr);
if (!area)
return -EINVAL;
if (!(area->flags & VM_USERMAP))
return -EINVAL;
if (kaddr + size > area->addr + get_vm_area_size(area))
return -EINVAL;
do {
struct page *page = vmalloc_to_page(kaddr);
int ret;
ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, page);
if (ret)
return ret;
uaddr += PAGE_SIZE;
kaddr += PAGE_SIZE;
size -= PAGE_SIZE;
} while (size > 0);
vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP;
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_vmalloc_range_partial);
/**
* remap_vmalloc_range - map vmalloc pages to userspace
* @vma: vma to cover (map full range of vma)
* @addr: vmalloc memory
* @pgoff: number of pages into addr before first page to map
*
* Returns: 0 for success, -Exxx on failure
*
* This function checks that addr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, and
* that it is big enough to cover the vma. Will return failure if
* that criteria isn't met.
*
* Similar to remap_pfn_range() (see mm/memory.c)
*/
int remap_vmalloc_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *addr,
unsigned long pgoff)
{
return remap_vmalloc_range_partial(vma, vma->vm_start,
addr + (pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT),
vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_vmalloc_range);
/*
* Implement a stub for vmalloc_sync_all() if the architecture chose not to
* have one.
*/
void __weak vmalloc_sync_all(void)
{
}
static int f(pte_t *pte, pgtable_t table, unsigned long addr, void *data)
{
pte_t ***p = data;
if (p) {
*(*p) = pte;
(*p)++;
}
return 0;
}
/**
* alloc_vm_area - allocate a range of kernel address space
* @size: size of the area
* @ptes: returns the PTEs for the address space
*
* Returns: NULL on failure, vm_struct on success
*