mm/thp: fix vma_address() if virtual address below file offset

Running certain tests with a DEBUG_VM kernel would crash within hours,
on the total_mapcount BUG() in split_huge_page_to_list(), while trying
to free up some memory by punching a hole in a shmem huge page: split's
try_to_unmap() was unable to find all the mappings of the page (which,
on a !DEBUG_VM kernel, would then keep the huge page pinned in memory).

When that BUG() was changed to a WARN(), it would later crash on the
VM_BUG_ON_VMA(end < vma->vm_start || start >= vma->vm_end, vma) in
mm/internal.h:vma_address(), used by rmap_walk_file() for

vma_address() is usually correct, but there's a wraparound case when the
vm_start address is unusually low, but vm_pgoff not so low:
vma_address() chooses max(start, vma->vm_start), but that decides on the
wrong address, because start has become almost ULONG_MAX.

Rewrite vma_address() to be more careful about vm_pgoff; move the
VM_BUG_ON_VMA() out of it, returning -EFAULT for errors, so that it can
be safely used from page_mapped_in_vma() and page_address_in_vma() too.

Add vma_address_end() to apply similar care to end address calculation,
in page_vma_mapped_walk() and page_mkclean_one() and try_to_unmap_one();
though it raises a question of whether callers would do better to supply
pvmw->end to page_vma_mapped_walk() - I chose not, for a smaller patch.

An irritation is that their apparent generality breaks down on KSM
pages, which cannot be located by the page->index that page_to_pgoff()
uses: as commit 4b0ece6fa016 ("mm: migrate: fix remove_migration_pte()
for ksm pages") once discovered.  I dithered over the best thing to do
about that, and have ended up with a VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageKsm) in both
vma_address() and vma_address_end(); though the only place in danger of
using it on them was try_to_unmap_one().

Sidenote: vma_address() and vma_address_end() now use compound_nr() on a
head page, instead of thp_size(): to make the right calculation on a
hugetlbfs page, whether or not THPs are configured.  try_to_unmap() is
used on hugetlbfs pages, but perhaps the wrong calculation never

Fixes: a8fa41ad2f6f ("mm, rmap: check all VMAs that PTE-mapped THP can be part of")
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <>
Cc: Alistair Popple <>
Cc: Jan Kara <>
Cc: Jue Wang <>
Cc: "Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)" <>
Cc: Miaohe Lin <>
Cc: Minchan Kim <>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <>
Cc: Peter Xu <>
Cc: Ralph Campbell <>
Cc: Shakeel Butt <>
Cc: Wang Yugui <>
Cc: Yang Shi <>
Cc: Zi Yan <>
Cc: <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
3 files changed