blob: 5c9e67923b7cfd7826903c17322c3f0c55de5d74 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* Completely Fair Scheduling (CFS) Class (SCHED_NORMAL/SCHED_BATCH)
*
* Copyright (C) 2007 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
*
* Interactivity improvements by Mike Galbraith
* (C) 2007 Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
*
* Various enhancements by Dmitry Adamushko.
* (C) 2007 Dmitry Adamushko <dmitry.adamushko@gmail.com>
*
* Group scheduling enhancements by Srivatsa Vaddagiri
* Copyright IBM Corporation, 2007
* Author: Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
*
* Scaled math optimizations by Thomas Gleixner
* Copyright (C) 2007, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
*
* Adaptive scheduling granularity, math enhancements by Peter Zijlstra
* Copyright (C) 2007 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra <pzijlstr@redhat.com>
*/
#include <linux/latencytop.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/cpumask.h>
/*
* Targeted preemption latency for CPU-bound tasks:
* (default: 6ms * (1 + ilog(ncpus)), units: nanoseconds)
*
* NOTE: this latency value is not the same as the concept of
* 'timeslice length' - timeslices in CFS are of variable length
* and have no persistent notion like in traditional, time-slice
* based scheduling concepts.
*
* (to see the precise effective timeslice length of your workload,
* run vmstat and monitor the context-switches (cs) field)
*/
unsigned int sysctl_sched_latency = 6000000ULL;
unsigned int normalized_sysctl_sched_latency = 6000000ULL;
/*
* The initial- and re-scaling of tunables is configurable
* (default SCHED_TUNABLESCALING_LOG = *(1+ilog(ncpus))
*
* Options are:
* SCHED_TUNABLESCALING_NONE - unscaled, always *1
* SCHED_TUNABLESCALING_LOG - scaled logarithmical, *1+ilog(ncpus)
* SCHED_TUNABLESCALING_LINEAR - scaled linear, *ncpus
*/
enum sched_tunable_scaling sysctl_sched_tunable_scaling
= SCHED_TUNABLESCALING_LOG;
/*
* Minimal preemption granularity for CPU-bound tasks:
* (default: 0.75 msec * (1 + ilog(ncpus)), units: nanoseconds)
*/
unsigned int sysctl_sched_min_granularity = 750000ULL;
unsigned int normalized_sysctl_sched_min_granularity = 750000ULL;
/*
* is kept at sysctl_sched_latency / sysctl_sched_min_granularity
*/
static unsigned int sched_nr_latency = 8;
/*
* After fork, child runs first. If set to 0 (default) then
* parent will (try to) run first.
*/
unsigned int sysctl_sched_child_runs_first __read_mostly;
/*
* SCHED_OTHER wake-up granularity.
* (default: 1 msec * (1 + ilog(ncpus)), units: nanoseconds)
*
* This option delays the preemption effects of decoupled workloads
* and reduces their over-scheduling. Synchronous workloads will still
* have immediate wakeup/sleep latencies.
*/
unsigned int sysctl_sched_wakeup_granularity = 1000000UL;
unsigned int normalized_sysctl_sched_wakeup_granularity = 1000000UL;
const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_migration_cost = 500000UL;
/*
* The exponential sliding window over which load is averaged for shares
* distribution.
* (default: 10msec)
*/
unsigned int __read_mostly sysctl_sched_shares_window = 10000000UL;
#ifdef CONFIG_CFS_BANDWIDTH
/*
* Amount of runtime to allocate from global (tg) to local (per-cfs_rq) pool
* each time a cfs_rq requests quota.
*
* Note: in the case that the slice exceeds the runtime remaining (either due
* to consumption or the quota being specified to be smaller than the slice)
* we will always only issue the remaining available time.
*
* default: 5 msec, units: microseconds
*/
unsigned int sysctl_sched_cfs_bandwidth_slice = 5000UL;
#endif
static const struct sched_class fair_sched_class;
/**************************************************************
* CFS operations on generic schedulable entities:
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
/* cpu runqueue to which this cfs_rq is attached */
static inline struct rq *rq_of(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
return cfs_rq->rq;
}
/* An entity is a task if it doesn't "own" a runqueue */
#define entity_is_task(se) (!se->my_q)
static inline struct task_struct *task_of(struct sched_entity *se)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
WARN_ON_ONCE(!entity_is_task(se));
#endif
return container_of(se, struct task_struct, se);
}
/* Walk up scheduling entities hierarchy */
#define for_each_sched_entity(se) \
for (; se; se = se->parent)
static inline struct cfs_rq *task_cfs_rq(struct task_struct *p)
{
return p->se.cfs_rq;
}
/* runqueue on which this entity is (to be) queued */
static inline struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq_of(struct sched_entity *se)
{
return se->cfs_rq;
}
/* runqueue "owned" by this group */
static inline struct cfs_rq *group_cfs_rq(struct sched_entity *grp)
{
return grp->my_q;
}
static inline void list_add_leaf_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
if (!cfs_rq->on_list) {
/*
* Ensure we either appear before our parent (if already
* enqueued) or force our parent to appear after us when it is
* enqueued. The fact that we always enqueue bottom-up
* reduces this to two cases.
*/
if (cfs_rq->tg->parent &&
cfs_rq->tg->parent->cfs_rq[cpu_of(rq_of(cfs_rq))]->on_list) {
list_add_rcu(&cfs_rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list,
&rq_of(cfs_rq)->leaf_cfs_rq_list);
} else {
list_add_tail_rcu(&cfs_rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list,
&rq_of(cfs_rq)->leaf_cfs_rq_list);
}
cfs_rq->on_list = 1;
}
}
static inline void list_del_leaf_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
if (cfs_rq->on_list) {
list_del_rcu(&cfs_rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list);
cfs_rq->on_list = 0;
}
}
/* Iterate thr' all leaf cfs_rq's on a runqueue */
#define for_each_leaf_cfs_rq(rq, cfs_rq) \
list_for_each_entry_rcu(cfs_rq, &rq->leaf_cfs_rq_list, leaf_cfs_rq_list)
/* Do the two (enqueued) entities belong to the same group ? */
static inline int
is_same_group(struct sched_entity *se, struct sched_entity *pse)
{
if (se->cfs_rq == pse->cfs_rq)
return 1;
return 0;
}
static inline struct sched_entity *parent_entity(struct sched_entity *se)
{
return se->parent;
}
/* return depth at which a sched entity is present in the hierarchy */
static inline int depth_se(struct sched_entity *se)
{
int depth = 0;
for_each_sched_entity(se)
depth++;
return depth;
}
static void
find_matching_se(struct sched_entity **se, struct sched_entity **pse)
{
int se_depth, pse_depth;
/*
* preemption test can be made between sibling entities who are in the
* same cfs_rq i.e who have a common parent. Walk up the hierarchy of
* both tasks until we find their ancestors who are siblings of common
* parent.
*/
/* First walk up until both entities are at same depth */
se_depth = depth_se(*se);
pse_depth = depth_se(*pse);
while (se_depth > pse_depth) {
se_depth--;
*se = parent_entity(*se);
}
while (pse_depth > se_depth) {
pse_depth--;
*pse = parent_entity(*pse);
}
while (!is_same_group(*se, *pse)) {
*se = parent_entity(*se);
*pse = parent_entity(*pse);
}
}
#else /* !CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED */
static inline struct task_struct *task_of(struct sched_entity *se)
{
return container_of(se, struct task_struct, se);
}
static inline struct rq *rq_of(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
return container_of(cfs_rq, struct rq, cfs);
}
#define entity_is_task(se) 1
#define for_each_sched_entity(se) \
for (; se; se = NULL)
static inline struct cfs_rq *task_cfs_rq(struct task_struct *p)
{
return &task_rq(p)->cfs;
}
static inline struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq_of(struct sched_entity *se)
{
struct task_struct *p = task_of(se);
struct rq *rq = task_rq(p);
return &rq->cfs;
}
/* runqueue "owned" by this group */
static inline struct cfs_rq *group_cfs_rq(struct sched_entity *grp)
{
return NULL;
}
static inline void list_add_leaf_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
}
static inline void list_del_leaf_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
}
#define for_each_leaf_cfs_rq(rq, cfs_rq) \
for (cfs_rq = &rq->cfs; cfs_rq; cfs_rq = NULL)
static inline int
is_same_group(struct sched_entity *se, struct sched_entity *pse)
{
return 1;
}
static inline struct sched_entity *parent_entity(struct sched_entity *se)
{
return NULL;
}
static inline void
find_matching_se(struct sched_entity **se, struct sched_entity **pse)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED */
static void account_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
unsigned long delta_exec);
/**************************************************************
* Scheduling class tree data structure manipulation methods:
*/
static inline u64 max_vruntime(u64 min_vruntime, u64 vruntime)
{
s64 delta = (s64)(vruntime - min_vruntime);
if (delta > 0)
min_vruntime = vruntime;
return min_vruntime;
}
static inline u64 min_vruntime(u64 min_vruntime, u64 vruntime)
{
s64 delta = (s64)(vruntime - min_vruntime);
if (delta < 0)
min_vruntime = vruntime;
return min_vruntime;
}
static inline int entity_before(struct sched_entity *a,
struct sched_entity *b)
{
return (s64)(a->vruntime - b->vruntime) < 0;
}
static void update_min_vruntime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
u64 vruntime = cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
if (cfs_rq->curr)
vruntime = cfs_rq->curr->vruntime;
if (cfs_rq->rb_leftmost) {
struct sched_entity *se = rb_entry(cfs_rq->rb_leftmost,
struct sched_entity,
run_node);
if (!cfs_rq->curr)
vruntime = se->vruntime;
else
vruntime = min_vruntime(vruntime, se->vruntime);
}
cfs_rq->min_vruntime = max_vruntime(cfs_rq->min_vruntime, vruntime);
#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
smp_wmb();
cfs_rq->min_vruntime_copy = cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
#endif
}
/*
* Enqueue an entity into the rb-tree:
*/
static void __enqueue_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
struct rb_node **link = &cfs_rq->tasks_timeline.rb_node;
struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
struct sched_entity *entry;
int leftmost = 1;
/*
* Find the right place in the rbtree:
*/
while (*link) {
parent = *link;
entry = rb_entry(parent, struct sched_entity, run_node);
/*
* We dont care about collisions. Nodes with
* the same key stay together.
*/
if (entity_before(se, entry)) {
link = &parent->rb_left;
} else {
link = &parent->rb_right;
leftmost = 0;
}
}
/*
* Maintain a cache of leftmost tree entries (it is frequently
* used):
*/
if (leftmost)
cfs_rq->rb_leftmost = &se->run_node;
rb_link_node(&se->run_node, parent, link);
rb_insert_color(&se->run_node, &cfs_rq->tasks_timeline);
}
static void __dequeue_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
if (cfs_rq->rb_leftmost == &se->run_node) {
struct rb_node *next_node;
next_node = rb_next(&se->run_node);
cfs_rq->rb_leftmost = next_node;
}
rb_erase(&se->run_node, &cfs_rq->tasks_timeline);
}
static struct sched_entity *__pick_first_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
struct rb_node *left = cfs_rq->rb_leftmost;
if (!left)
return NULL;
return rb_entry(left, struct sched_entity, run_node);
}
static struct sched_entity *__pick_next_entity(struct sched_entity *se)
{
struct rb_node *next = rb_next(&se->run_node);
if (!next)
return NULL;
return rb_entry(next, struct sched_entity, run_node);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
static struct sched_entity *__pick_last_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
struct rb_node *last = rb_last(&cfs_rq->tasks_timeline);
if (!last)
return NULL;
return rb_entry(last, struct sched_entity, run_node);
}
/**************************************************************
* Scheduling class statistics methods:
*/
int sched_proc_update_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp,
loff_t *ppos)
{
int ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
int factor = get_update_sysctl_factor();
if (ret || !write)
return ret;
sched_nr_latency = DIV_ROUND_UP(sysctl_sched_latency,
sysctl_sched_min_granularity);
#define WRT_SYSCTL(name) \
(normalized_sysctl_##name = sysctl_##name / (factor))
WRT_SYSCTL(sched_min_granularity);
WRT_SYSCTL(sched_latency);
WRT_SYSCTL(sched_wakeup_granularity);
#undef WRT_SYSCTL
return 0;
}
#endif
/*
* delta /= w
*/
static inline unsigned long
calc_delta_fair(unsigned long delta, struct sched_entity *se)
{
if (unlikely(se->load.weight != NICE_0_LOAD))
delta = calc_delta_mine(delta, NICE_0_LOAD, &se->load);
return delta;
}
/*
* The idea is to set a period in which each task runs once.
*
* When there are too many tasks (sysctl_sched_nr_latency) we have to stretch
* this period because otherwise the slices get too small.
*
* p = (nr <= nl) ? l : l*nr/nl
*/
static u64 __sched_period(unsigned long nr_running)
{
u64 period = sysctl_sched_latency;
unsigned long nr_latency = sched_nr_latency;
if (unlikely(nr_running > nr_latency)) {
period = sysctl_sched_min_granularity;
period *= nr_running;
}
return period;
}
/*
* We calculate the wall-time slice from the period by taking a part
* proportional to the weight.
*
* s = p*P[w/rw]
*/
static u64 sched_slice(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
u64 slice = __sched_period(cfs_rq->nr_running + !se->on_rq);
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
struct load_weight *load;
struct load_weight lw;
cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
load = &cfs_rq->load;
if (unlikely(!se->on_rq)) {
lw = cfs_rq->load;
update_load_add(&lw, se->load.weight);
load = &lw;
}
slice = calc_delta_mine(slice, se->load.weight, load);
}
return slice;
}
/*
* We calculate the vruntime slice of a to be inserted task
*
* vs = s/w
*/
static u64 sched_vslice(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
return calc_delta_fair(sched_slice(cfs_rq, se), se);
}
static void update_cfs_load(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, int global_update);
static void update_cfs_shares(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq);
/*
* Update the current task's runtime statistics. Skip current tasks that
* are not in our scheduling class.
*/
static inline void
__update_curr(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *curr,
unsigned long delta_exec)
{
unsigned long delta_exec_weighted;
schedstat_set(curr->statistics.exec_max,
max((u64)delta_exec, curr->statistics.exec_max));
curr->sum_exec_runtime += delta_exec;
schedstat_add(cfs_rq, exec_clock, delta_exec);
delta_exec_weighted = calc_delta_fair(delta_exec, curr);
curr->vruntime += delta_exec_weighted;
update_min_vruntime(cfs_rq);
#if defined CONFIG_SMP && defined CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
cfs_rq->load_unacc_exec_time += delta_exec;
#endif
}
static void update_curr(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
struct sched_entity *curr = cfs_rq->curr;
u64 now = rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock_task;
unsigned long delta_exec;
if (unlikely(!curr))
return;
/*
* Get the amount of time the current task was running
* since the last time we changed load (this cannot
* overflow on 32 bits):
*/
delta_exec = (unsigned long)(now - curr->exec_start);
if (!delta_exec)
return;
__update_curr(cfs_rq, curr, delta_exec);
curr->exec_start = now;
if (entity_is_task(curr)) {
struct task_struct *curtask = task_of(curr);
trace_sched_stat_runtime(curtask, delta_exec, curr->vruntime);
cpuacct_charge(curtask, delta_exec);
account_group_exec_runtime(curtask, delta_exec);
}
account_cfs_rq_runtime(cfs_rq, delta_exec);
}
static inline void
update_stats_wait_start(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
schedstat_set(se->statistics.wait_start, rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock);
}
/*
* Task is being enqueued - update stats:
*/
static void update_stats_enqueue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
/*
* Are we enqueueing a waiting task? (for current tasks
* a dequeue/enqueue event is a NOP)
*/
if (se != cfs_rq->curr)
update_stats_wait_start(cfs_rq, se);
}
static void
update_stats_wait_end(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
schedstat_set(se->statistics.wait_max, max(se->statistics.wait_max,
rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock - se->statistics.wait_start));
schedstat_set(se->statistics.wait_count, se->statistics.wait_count + 1);
schedstat_set(se->statistics.wait_sum, se->statistics.wait_sum +
rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock - se->statistics.wait_start);
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
if (entity_is_task(se)) {
trace_sched_stat_wait(task_of(se),
rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock - se->statistics.wait_start);
}
#endif
schedstat_set(se->statistics.wait_start, 0);
}
static inline void
update_stats_dequeue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
/*
* Mark the end of the wait period if dequeueing a
* waiting task:
*/
if (se != cfs_rq->curr)
update_stats_wait_end(cfs_rq, se);
}
/*
* We are picking a new current task - update its stats:
*/
static inline void
update_stats_curr_start(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
/*
* We are starting a new run period:
*/
se->exec_start = rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock_task;
}
/**************************************************
* Scheduling class queueing methods:
*/
#if defined CONFIG_SMP && defined CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
static void
add_cfs_task_weight(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, unsigned long weight)
{
cfs_rq->task_weight += weight;
}
#else
static inline void
add_cfs_task_weight(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, unsigned long weight)
{
}
#endif
static void
account_entity_enqueue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
update_load_add(&cfs_rq->load, se->load.weight);
if (!parent_entity(se))
inc_cpu_load(rq_of(cfs_rq), se->load.weight);
if (entity_is_task(se)) {
add_cfs_task_weight(cfs_rq, se->load.weight);
list_add(&se->group_node, &cfs_rq->tasks);
}
cfs_rq->nr_running++;
}
static void
account_entity_dequeue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
update_load_sub(&cfs_rq->load, se->load.weight);
if (!parent_entity(se))
dec_cpu_load(rq_of(cfs_rq), se->load.weight);
if (entity_is_task(se)) {
add_cfs_task_weight(cfs_rq, -se->load.weight);
list_del_init(&se->group_node);
}
cfs_rq->nr_running--;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
/* we need this in update_cfs_load and load-balance functions below */
static inline int throttled_hierarchy(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq);
# ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static void update_cfs_rq_load_contribution(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
int global_update)
{
struct task_group *tg = cfs_rq->tg;
long load_avg;
load_avg = div64_u64(cfs_rq->load_avg, cfs_rq->load_period+1);
load_avg -= cfs_rq->load_contribution;
if (global_update || abs(load_avg) > cfs_rq->load_contribution / 8) {
atomic_add(load_avg, &tg->load_weight);
cfs_rq->load_contribution += load_avg;
}
}
static void update_cfs_load(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, int global_update)
{
u64 period = sysctl_sched_shares_window;
u64 now, delta;
unsigned long load = cfs_rq->load.weight;
if (cfs_rq->tg == &root_task_group || throttled_hierarchy(cfs_rq))
return;
now = rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock_task;
delta = now - cfs_rq->load_stamp;
/* truncate load history at 4 idle periods */
if (cfs_rq->load_stamp > cfs_rq->load_last &&
now - cfs_rq->load_last > 4 * period) {
cfs_rq->load_period = 0;
cfs_rq->load_avg = 0;
delta = period - 1;
}
cfs_rq->load_stamp = now;
cfs_rq->load_unacc_exec_time = 0;
cfs_rq->load_period += delta;
if (load) {
cfs_rq->load_last = now;
cfs_rq->load_avg += delta * load;
}
/* consider updating load contribution on each fold or truncate */
if (global_update || cfs_rq->load_period > period
|| !cfs_rq->load_period)
update_cfs_rq_load_contribution(cfs_rq, global_update);
while (cfs_rq->load_period > period) {
/*
* Inline assembly required to prevent the compiler
* optimising this loop into a divmod call.
* See __iter_div_u64_rem() for another example of this.
*/
asm("" : "+rm" (cfs_rq->load_period));
cfs_rq->load_period /= 2;
cfs_rq->load_avg /= 2;
}
if (!cfs_rq->curr && !cfs_rq->nr_running && !cfs_rq->load_avg)
list_del_leaf_cfs_rq(cfs_rq);
}
static long calc_cfs_shares(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct task_group *tg)
{
long load_weight, load, shares;
load = cfs_rq->load.weight;
load_weight = atomic_read(&tg->load_weight);
load_weight += load;
load_weight -= cfs_rq->load_contribution;
shares = (tg->shares * load);
if (load_weight)
shares /= load_weight;
if (shares < MIN_SHARES)
shares = MIN_SHARES;
if (shares > tg->shares)
shares = tg->shares;
return shares;
}
static void update_entity_shares_tick(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
if (cfs_rq->load_unacc_exec_time > sysctl_sched_shares_window) {
update_cfs_load(cfs_rq, 0);
update_cfs_shares(cfs_rq);
}
}
# else /* CONFIG_SMP */
static void update_cfs_load(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, int global_update)
{
}
static inline long calc_cfs_shares(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct task_group *tg)
{
return tg->shares;
}
static inline void update_entity_shares_tick(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
}
# endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
static void reweight_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se,
unsigned long weight)
{
if (se->on_rq) {
/* commit outstanding execution time */
if (cfs_rq->curr == se)
update_curr(cfs_rq);
account_entity_dequeue(cfs_rq, se);
}
update_load_set(&se->load, weight);
if (se->on_rq)
account_entity_enqueue(cfs_rq, se);
}
static void update_cfs_shares(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
struct task_group *tg;
struct sched_entity *se;
long shares;
tg = cfs_rq->tg;
se = tg->se[cpu_of(rq_of(cfs_rq))];
if (!se || throttled_hierarchy(cfs_rq))
return;
#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
if (likely(se->load.weight == tg->shares))
return;
#endif
shares = calc_cfs_shares(cfs_rq, tg);
reweight_entity(cfs_rq_of(se), se, shares);
}
#else /* CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED */
static void update_cfs_load(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, int global_update)
{
}
static inline void update_cfs_shares(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
}
static inline void update_entity_shares_tick(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED */
static void enqueue_sleeper(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
struct task_struct *tsk = NULL;
if (entity_is_task(se))
tsk = task_of(se);
if (se->statistics.sleep_start) {
u64 delta = rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock - se->statistics.sleep_start;
if ((s64)delta < 0)
delta = 0;
if (unlikely(delta > se->statistics.sleep_max))
se->statistics.sleep_max = delta;
se->statistics.sleep_start = 0;
se->statistics.sum_sleep_runtime += delta;
if (tsk) {
account_scheduler_latency(tsk, delta >> 10, 1);
trace_sched_stat_sleep(tsk, delta);
}
}
if (se->statistics.block_start) {
u64 delta = rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock - se->statistics.block_start;
if ((s64)delta < 0)
delta = 0;
if (unlikely(delta > se->statistics.block_max))
se->statistics.block_max = delta;
se->statistics.block_start = 0;
se->statistics.sum_sleep_runtime += delta;
if (tsk) {
if (tsk->in_iowait) {
se->statistics.iowait_sum += delta;
se->statistics.iowait_count++;
trace_sched_stat_iowait(tsk, delta);
}
/*
* Blocking time is in units of nanosecs, so shift by
* 20 to get a milliseconds-range estimation of the
* amount of time that the task spent sleeping:
*/
if (unlikely(prof_on == SLEEP_PROFILING)) {
profile_hits(SLEEP_PROFILING,
(void *)get_wchan(tsk),
delta >> 20);
}
account_scheduler_latency(tsk, delta >> 10, 0);
}
}
#endif
}
static void check_spread(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
s64 d = se->vruntime - cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
if (d < 0)
d = -d;
if (d > 3*sysctl_sched_latency)
schedstat_inc(cfs_rq, nr_spread_over);
#endif
}
static void
place_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int initial)
{
u64 vruntime = cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
/*
* The 'current' period is already promised to the current tasks,
* however the extra weight of the new task will slow them down a
* little, place the new task so that it fits in the slot that
* stays open at the end.
*/
if (initial && sched_feat(START_DEBIT))
vruntime += sched_vslice(cfs_rq, se);
/* sleeps up to a single latency don't count. */
if (!initial) {
unsigned long thresh = sysctl_sched_latency;
/*
* Halve their sleep time's effect, to allow
* for a gentler effect of sleepers:
*/
if (sched_feat(GENTLE_FAIR_SLEEPERS))
thresh >>= 1;
vruntime -= thresh;
}
/* ensure we never gain time by being placed backwards. */
vruntime = max_vruntime(se->vruntime, vruntime);
se->vruntime = vruntime;
}
static void check_enqueue_throttle(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq);
static void
enqueue_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int flags)
{
/*
* Update the normalized vruntime before updating min_vruntime
* through callig update_curr().
*/
if (!(flags & ENQUEUE_WAKEUP) || (flags & ENQUEUE_WAKING))
se->vruntime += cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
/*
* Update run-time statistics of the 'current'.
*/
update_curr(cfs_rq);
update_cfs_load(cfs_rq, 0);
account_entity_enqueue(cfs_rq, se);
update_cfs_shares(cfs_rq);
if (flags & ENQUEUE_WAKEUP) {
place_entity(cfs_rq, se, 0);
enqueue_sleeper(cfs_rq, se);
}
update_stats_enqueue(cfs_rq, se);
check_spread(cfs_rq, se);
if (se != cfs_rq->curr)
__enqueue_entity(cfs_rq, se);
se->on_rq = 1;
if (cfs_rq->nr_running == 1) {
list_add_leaf_cfs_rq(cfs_rq);
check_enqueue_throttle(cfs_rq);
}
}
static void __clear_buddies_last(struct sched_entity *se)
{
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
if (cfs_rq->last == se)
cfs_rq->last = NULL;
else
break;
}
}
static void __clear_buddies_next(struct sched_entity *se)
{
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
if (cfs_rq->next == se)
cfs_rq->next = NULL;
else
break;
}
}
static void __clear_buddies_skip(struct sched_entity *se)
{
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
if (cfs_rq->skip == se)
cfs_rq->skip = NULL;
else
break;
}
}
static void clear_buddies(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
if (cfs_rq->last == se)
__clear_buddies_last(se);
if (cfs_rq->next == se)
__clear_buddies_next(se);
if (cfs_rq->skip == se)
__clear_buddies_skip(se);
}
static void return_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq);
static void
dequeue_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int flags)
{
/*
* Update run-time statistics of the 'current'.
*/
update_curr(cfs_rq);
update_stats_dequeue(cfs_rq, se);
if (flags & DEQUEUE_SLEEP) {
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
if (entity_is_task(se)) {
struct task_struct *tsk = task_of(se);
if (tsk->state & TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE)
se->statistics.sleep_start = rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock;
if (tsk->state & TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE)
se->statistics.block_start = rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock;
}
#endif
}
clear_buddies(cfs_rq, se);
if (se != cfs_rq->curr)
__dequeue_entity(cfs_rq, se);
se->on_rq = 0;
update_cfs_load(cfs_rq, 0);
account_entity_dequeue(cfs_rq, se);
/*
* Normalize the entity after updating the min_vruntime because the
* update can refer to the ->curr item and we need to reflect this
* movement in our normalized position.
*/
if (!(flags & DEQUEUE_SLEEP))
se->vruntime -= cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
/* return excess runtime on last dequeue */
return_cfs_rq_runtime(cfs_rq);
update_min_vruntime(cfs_rq);
update_cfs_shares(cfs_rq);
}
/*
* Preempt the current task with a newly woken task if needed:
*/
static void
check_preempt_tick(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *curr)
{
unsigned long ideal_runtime, delta_exec;
struct sched_entity *se;
s64 delta;
ideal_runtime = sched_slice(cfs_rq, curr);
delta_exec = curr->sum_exec_runtime - curr->prev_sum_exec_runtime;
if (delta_exec > ideal_runtime) {
resched_task(rq_of(cfs_rq)->curr);
/*
* The current task ran long enough, ensure it doesn't get
* re-elected due to buddy favours.
*/
clear_buddies(cfs_rq, curr);
return;
}
/*
* Ensure that a task that missed wakeup preemption by a
* narrow margin doesn't have to wait for a full slice.
* This also mitigates buddy induced latencies under load.
*/
if (delta_exec < sysctl_sched_min_granularity)
return;
se = __pick_first_entity(cfs_rq);
delta = curr->vruntime - se->vruntime;
if (delta < 0)
return;
if (delta > ideal_runtime)
resched_task(rq_of(cfs_rq)->curr);
}
static void
set_next_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
/* 'current' is not kept within the tree. */
if (se->on_rq) {
/*
* Any task has to be enqueued before it get to execute on
* a CPU. So account for the time it spent waiting on the
* runqueue.
*/
update_stats_wait_end(cfs_rq, se);
__dequeue_entity(cfs_rq, se);
}
update_stats_curr_start(cfs_rq, se);
cfs_rq->curr = se;
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
/*
* Track our maximum slice length, if the CPU's load is at
* least twice that of our own weight (i.e. dont track it
* when there are only lesser-weight tasks around):
*/
if (rq_of(cfs_rq)->load.weight >= 2*se->load.weight) {
se->statistics.slice_max = max(se->statistics.slice_max,
se->sum_exec_runtime - se->prev_sum_exec_runtime);
}
#endif
se->prev_sum_exec_runtime = se->sum_exec_runtime;
}
static int
wakeup_preempt_entity(struct sched_entity *curr, struct sched_entity *se);
/*
* Pick the next process, keeping these things in mind, in this order:
* 1) keep things fair between processes/task groups
* 2) pick the "next" process, since someone really wants that to run
* 3) pick the "last" process, for cache locality
* 4) do not run the "skip" process, if something else is available
*/
static struct sched_entity *pick_next_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
struct sched_entity *se = __pick_first_entity(cfs_rq);
struct sched_entity *left = se;
/*
* Avoid running the skip buddy, if running something else can
* be done without getting too unfair.
*/
if (cfs_rq->skip == se) {
struct sched_entity *second = __pick_next_entity(se);
if (second && wakeup_preempt_entity(second, left) < 1)
se = second;
}
/*
* Prefer last buddy, try to return the CPU to a preempted task.
*/
if (cfs_rq->last && wakeup_preempt_entity(cfs_rq->last, left) < 1)
se = cfs_rq->last;
/*
* Someone really wants this to run. If it's not unfair, run it.
*/
if (cfs_rq->next && wakeup_preempt_entity(cfs_rq->next, left) < 1)
se = cfs_rq->next;
clear_buddies(cfs_rq, se);
return se;
}
static void check_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq);
static void put_prev_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *prev)
{
/*
* If still on the runqueue then deactivate_task()
* was not called and update_curr() has to be done:
*/
if (prev->on_rq)
update_curr(cfs_rq);
/* throttle cfs_rqs exceeding runtime */
check_cfs_rq_runtime(cfs_rq);
check_spread(cfs_rq, prev);
if (prev->on_rq) {
update_stats_wait_start(cfs_rq, prev);
/* Put 'current' back into the tree. */
__enqueue_entity(cfs_rq, prev);
}
cfs_rq->curr = NULL;
}
static void
entity_tick(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *curr, int queued)
{
/*
* Update run-time statistics of the 'current'.
*/
update_curr(cfs_rq);
/*
* Update share accounting for long-running entities.
*/
update_entity_shares_tick(cfs_rq);
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
/*
* queued ticks are scheduled to match the slice, so don't bother
* validating it and just reschedule.
*/
if (queued) {
resched_task(rq_of(cfs_rq)->curr);
return;
}
/*
* don't let the period tick interfere with the hrtick preemption
*/
if (!sched_feat(DOUBLE_TICK) &&
hrtimer_active(&rq_of(cfs_rq)->hrtick_timer))
return;
#endif
if (cfs_rq->nr_running > 1)
check_preempt_tick(cfs_rq, curr);
}
/**************************************************
* CFS bandwidth control machinery
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_CFS_BANDWIDTH
/*
* default period for cfs group bandwidth.
* default: 0.1s, units: nanoseconds
*/
static inline u64 default_cfs_period(void)
{
return 100000000ULL;
}
static inline u64 sched_cfs_bandwidth_slice(void)
{
return (u64)sysctl_sched_cfs_bandwidth_slice * NSEC_PER_USEC;
}
/*
* Replenish runtime according to assigned quota and update expiration time.
* We use sched_clock_cpu directly instead of rq->clock to avoid adding
* additional synchronization around rq->lock.
*
* requires cfs_b->lock
*/
static void __refill_cfs_bandwidth_runtime(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b)
{
u64 now;
if (cfs_b->quota == RUNTIME_INF)
return;
now = sched_clock_cpu(smp_processor_id());
cfs_b->runtime = cfs_b->quota;
cfs_b->runtime_expires = now + ktime_to_ns(cfs_b->period);
}
/* returns 0 on failure to allocate runtime */
static int assign_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
struct task_group *tg = cfs_rq->tg;
struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b = tg_cfs_bandwidth(tg);
u64 amount = 0, min_amount, expires;
/* note: this is a positive sum as runtime_remaining <= 0 */
min_amount = sched_cfs_bandwidth_slice() - cfs_rq->runtime_remaining;
raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
if (cfs_b->quota == RUNTIME_INF)
amount = min_amount;
else {
/*
* If the bandwidth pool has become inactive, then at least one
* period must have elapsed since the last consumption.
* Refresh the global state and ensure bandwidth timer becomes
* active.
*/
if (!cfs_b->timer_active) {
__refill_cfs_bandwidth_runtime(cfs_b);
__start_cfs_bandwidth(cfs_b);
}
if (cfs_b->runtime > 0) {
amount = min(cfs_b->runtime, min_amount);
cfs_b->runtime -= amount;
cfs_b->idle = 0;
}
}
expires = cfs_b->runtime_expires;
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
cfs_rq->runtime_remaining += amount;
/*
* we may have advanced our local expiration to account for allowed
* spread between our sched_clock and the one on which runtime was
* issued.
*/
if ((s64)(expires - cfs_rq->runtime_expires) > 0)
cfs_rq->runtime_expires = expires;
return cfs_rq->runtime_remaining > 0;
}
/*
* Note: This depends on the synchronization provided by sched_clock and the
* fact that rq->clock snapshots this value.
*/
static void expire_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b = tg_cfs_bandwidth(cfs_rq->tg);
struct rq *rq = rq_of(cfs_rq);
/* if the deadline is ahead of our clock, nothing to do */
if (likely((s64)(rq->clock - cfs_rq->runtime_expires) < 0))
return;
if (cfs_rq->runtime_remaining < 0)
return;
/*
* If the local deadline has passed we have to consider the
* possibility that our sched_clock is 'fast' and the global deadline
* has not truly expired.
*
* Fortunately we can check determine whether this the case by checking
* whether the global deadline has advanced.
*/
if ((s64)(cfs_rq->runtime_expires - cfs_b->runtime_expires) >= 0) {
/* extend local deadline, drift is bounded above by 2 ticks */
cfs_rq->runtime_expires += TICK_NSEC;
} else {
/* global deadline is ahead, expiration has passed */
cfs_rq->runtime_remaining = 0;
}
}
static void __account_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
unsigned long delta_exec)
{
/* dock delta_exec before expiring quota (as it could span periods) */
cfs_rq->runtime_remaining -= delta_exec;
expire_cfs_rq_runtime(cfs_rq);
if (likely(cfs_rq->runtime_remaining > 0))
return;
/*
* if we're unable to extend our runtime we resched so that the active
* hierarchy can be throttled
*/
if (!assign_cfs_rq_runtime(cfs_rq) && likely(cfs_rq->curr))
resched_task(rq_of(cfs_rq)->curr);
}
static __always_inline void account_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
unsigned long delta_exec)
{
if (!cfs_rq->runtime_enabled)
return;
__account_cfs_rq_runtime(cfs_rq, delta_exec);
}
static inline int cfs_rq_throttled(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
return cfs_rq->throttled;
}
/* check whether cfs_rq, or any parent, is throttled */
static inline int throttled_hierarchy(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
return cfs_rq->throttle_count;
}
/*
* Ensure that neither of the group entities corresponding to src_cpu or
* dest_cpu are members of a throttled hierarchy when performing group
* load-balance operations.
*/
static inline int throttled_lb_pair(struct task_group *tg,
int src_cpu, int dest_cpu)
{
struct cfs_rq *src_cfs_rq, *dest_cfs_rq;
src_cfs_rq = tg->cfs_rq[src_cpu];
dest_cfs_rq = tg->cfs_rq[dest_cpu];
return throttled_hierarchy(src_cfs_rq) ||
throttled_hierarchy(dest_cfs_rq);
}
/* updated child weight may affect parent so we have to do this bottom up */
static int tg_unthrottle_up(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
{
struct rq *rq = data;
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = tg->cfs_rq[cpu_of(rq)];
cfs_rq->throttle_count--;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
if (!cfs_rq->throttle_count) {
u64 delta = rq->clock_task - cfs_rq->load_stamp;
/* leaving throttled state, advance shares averaging windows */
cfs_rq->load_stamp += delta;
cfs_rq->load_last += delta;
/* update entity weight now that we are on_rq again */
update_cfs_shares(cfs_rq);
}
#endif
return 0;
}
static int tg_throttle_down(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
{
struct rq *rq = data;
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = tg->cfs_rq[cpu_of(rq)];
/* group is entering throttled state, record last load */
if (!cfs_rq->throttle_count)
update_cfs_load(cfs_rq, 0);
cfs_rq->throttle_count++;
return 0;
}
static void throttle_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
struct rq *rq = rq_of(cfs_rq);
struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b = tg_cfs_bandwidth(cfs_rq->tg);
struct sched_entity *se;
long task_delta, dequeue = 1;
se = cfs_rq->tg->se[cpu_of(rq_of(cfs_rq))];
/* account load preceding throttle */
rcu_read_lock();
walk_tg_tree_from(cfs_rq->tg, tg_throttle_down, tg_nop, (void *)rq);
rcu_read_unlock();
task_delta = cfs_rq->h_nr_running;
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
struct cfs_rq *qcfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
/* throttled entity or throttle-on-deactivate */
if (!se->on_rq)
break;
if (dequeue)
dequeue_entity(qcfs_rq, se, DEQUEUE_SLEEP);
qcfs_rq->h_nr_running -= task_delta;
if (qcfs_rq->load.weight)
dequeue = 0;
}
if (!se)
rq->nr_running -= task_delta;
cfs_rq->throttled = 1;
cfs_rq->throttled_timestamp = rq->clock;
raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
list_add_tail_rcu(&cfs_rq->throttled_list, &cfs_b->throttled_cfs_rq);
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
}
static void unthrottle_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
struct rq *rq = rq_of(cfs_rq);
struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b = tg_cfs_bandwidth(cfs_rq->tg);
struct sched_entity *se;
int enqueue = 1;
long task_delta;
se = cfs_rq->tg->se[cpu_of(rq_of(cfs_rq))];
cfs_rq->throttled = 0;
raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
cfs_b->throttled_time += rq->clock - cfs_rq->throttled_timestamp;
list_del_rcu(&cfs_rq->throttled_list);
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
cfs_rq->throttled_timestamp = 0;
update_rq_clock(rq);
/* update hierarchical throttle state */
walk_tg_tree_from(cfs_rq->tg, tg_nop, tg_unthrottle_up, (void *)rq);
if (!cfs_rq->load.weight)
return;
task_delta = cfs_rq->h_nr_running;
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
if (se->on_rq)
enqueue = 0;
cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
if (enqueue)
enqueue_entity(cfs_rq, se, ENQUEUE_WAKEUP);
cfs_rq->h_nr_running += task_delta;
if (cfs_rq_throttled(cfs_rq))
break;
}
if (!se)
rq->nr_running += task_delta;
/* determine whether we need to wake up potentially idle cpu */
if (rq->curr == rq->idle && rq->cfs.nr_running)
resched_task(rq->curr);
}
static u64 distribute_cfs_runtime(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b,
u64 remaining, u64 expires)
{
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
u64 runtime = remaining;
rcu_read_lock();
list_for_each_entry_rcu(cfs_rq, &cfs_b->throttled_cfs_rq,
throttled_list) {
struct rq *rq = rq_of(cfs_rq);
raw_spin_lock(&rq->lock);
if (!cfs_rq_throttled(cfs_rq))
goto next;
runtime = -cfs_rq->runtime_remaining + 1;
if (runtime > remaining)
runtime = remaining;
remaining -= runtime;
cfs_rq->runtime_remaining += runtime;
cfs_rq->runtime_expires = expires;
/* we check whether we're throttled above */
if (cfs_rq->runtime_remaining > 0)
unthrottle_cfs_rq(cfs_rq);
next:
raw_spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
if (!remaining)
break;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return remaining;
}
/*
* Responsible for refilling a task_group's bandwidth and unthrottling its
* cfs_rqs as appropriate. If there has been no activity within the last
* period the timer is deactivated until scheduling resumes; cfs_b->idle is
* used to track this state.
*/
static int do_sched_cfs_period_timer(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b, int overrun)
{
u64 runtime, runtime_expires;
int idle = 1, throttled;
raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
/* no need to continue the timer with no bandwidth constraint */
if (cfs_b->quota == RUNTIME_INF)
goto out_unlock;
throttled = !list_empty(&cfs_b->throttled_cfs_rq);
/* idle depends on !throttled (for the case of a large deficit) */
idle = cfs_b->idle && !throttled;
cfs_b->nr_periods += overrun;
/* if we're going inactive then everything else can be deferred */
if (idle)
goto out_unlock;
__refill_cfs_bandwidth_runtime(cfs_b);
if (!throttled) {
/* mark as potentially idle for the upcoming period */
cfs_b->idle = 1;
goto out_unlock;
}
/* account preceding periods in which throttling occurred */
cfs_b->nr_throttled += overrun;
/*
* There are throttled entities so we must first use the new bandwidth
* to unthrottle them before making it generally available. This
* ensures that all existing debts will be paid before a new cfs_rq is
* allowed to run.
*/
runtime = cfs_b->runtime;
runtime_expires = cfs_b->runtime_expires;
cfs_b->runtime = 0;
/*
* This check is repeated as we are holding onto the new bandwidth
* while we unthrottle. This can potentially race with an unthrottled
* group trying to acquire new bandwidth from the global pool.
*/
while (throttled && runtime > 0) {
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
/* we can't nest cfs_b->lock while distributing bandwidth */
runtime = distribute_cfs_runtime(cfs_b, runtime,
runtime_expires);
raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
throttled = !list_empty(&cfs_b->throttled_cfs_rq);
}
/* return (any) remaining runtime */
cfs_b->runtime = runtime;
/*
* While we are ensured activity in the period following an
* unthrottle, this also covers the case in which the new bandwidth is
* insufficient to cover the existing bandwidth deficit. (Forcing the
* timer to remain active while there are any throttled entities.)
*/
cfs_b->idle = 0;
out_unlock:
if (idle)
cfs_b->timer_active = 0;
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
return idle;
}
/* a cfs_rq won't donate quota below this amount */
static const u64 min_cfs_rq_runtime = 1 * NSEC_PER_MSEC;
/* minimum remaining period time to redistribute slack quota */
static const u64 min_bandwidth_expiration = 2 * NSEC_PER_MSEC;
/* how long we wait to gather additional slack before distributing */
static const u64 cfs_bandwidth_slack_period = 5 * NSEC_PER_MSEC;
/* are we near the end of the current quota period? */
static int runtime_refresh_within(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b, u64 min_expire)
{
struct hrtimer *refresh_timer = &cfs_b->period_timer;
u64 remaining;
/* if the call-back is running a quota refresh is already occurring */
if (hrtimer_callback_running(refresh_timer))
return 1;
/* is a quota refresh about to occur? */
remaining = ktime_to_ns(hrtimer_expires_remaining(refresh_timer));
if (remaining < min_expire)
return 1;
return 0;
}
static void start_cfs_slack_bandwidth(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b)
{
u64 min_left = cfs_bandwidth_slack_period + min_bandwidth_expiration;
/* if there's a quota refresh soon don't bother with slack */
if (runtime_refresh_within(cfs_b, min_left))
return;
start_bandwidth_timer(&cfs_b->slack_timer,
ns_to_ktime(cfs_bandwidth_slack_period));
}
/* we know any runtime found here is valid as update_curr() precedes return */
static void __return_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b = tg_cfs_bandwidth(cfs_rq->tg);
s64 slack_runtime = cfs_rq->runtime_remaining - min_cfs_rq_runtime;
if (slack_runtime <= 0)
return;
raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
if (cfs_b->quota != RUNTIME_INF &&
cfs_rq->runtime_expires == cfs_b->runtime_expires) {
cfs_b->runtime += slack_runtime;
/* we are under rq->lock, defer unthrottling using a timer */
if (cfs_b->runtime > sched_cfs_bandwidth_slice() &&
!list_empty(&cfs_b->throttled_cfs_rq))
start_cfs_slack_bandwidth(cfs_b);
}
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
/* even if it's not valid for return we don't want to try again */
cfs_rq->runtime_remaining -= slack_runtime;
}
static __always_inline void return_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
if (!cfs_rq->runtime_enabled || !cfs_rq->nr_running)
return;
__return_cfs_rq_runtime(cfs_rq);
}
/*
* This is done with a timer (instead of inline with bandwidth return) since
* it's necessary to juggle rq->locks to unthrottle their respective cfs_rqs.
*/
static void do_sched_cfs_slack_timer(struct cfs_bandwidth *cfs_b)
{
u64 runtime = 0, slice = sched_cfs_bandwidth_slice();
u64 expires;
/* confirm we're still not at a refresh boundary */
if (runtime_refresh_within(cfs_b, min_bandwidth_expiration))
return;
raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
if (cfs_b->quota != RUNTIME_INF && cfs_b->runtime > slice) {
runtime = cfs_b->runtime;
cfs_b->runtime = 0;
}
expires = cfs_b->runtime_expires;
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
if (!runtime)
return;
runtime = distribute_cfs_runtime(cfs_b, runtime, expires);
raw_spin_lock(&cfs_b->lock);
if (expires == cfs_b->runtime_expires)
cfs_b->runtime = runtime;
raw_spin_unlock(&cfs_b->lock);
}
/*
* When a group wakes up we want to make sure that its quota is not already
* expired/exceeded, otherwise it may be allowed to steal additional ticks of
* runtime as update_curr() throttling can not not trigger until it's on-rq.
*/
static void check_enqueue_throttle(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
/* an active group must be handled by the update_curr()->put() path */
if (!cfs_rq->runtime_enabled || cfs_rq->curr)
return;
/* ensure the group is not already throttled */
if (cfs_rq_throttled(cfs_rq))
return;
/* update runtime allocation */
account_cfs_rq_runtime(cfs_rq, 0);
if (cfs_rq->runtime_remaining <= 0)
throttle_cfs_rq(cfs_rq);
}
/* conditionally throttle active cfs_rq's from put_prev_entity() */
static void check_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
if (likely(!cfs_rq->runtime_enabled || cfs_rq->runtime_remaining > 0))
return;
/*
* it's possible for a throttled entity to be forced into a running
* state (e.g. set_curr_task), in this case we're finished.
*/
if (cfs_rq_throttled(cfs_rq))
return;
throttle_cfs_rq(cfs_rq);
}
#else
static void account_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
unsigned long delta_exec) {}
static void check_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq) {}
static void check_enqueue_throttle(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq) {}
static void return_cfs_rq_runtime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq) {}
static inline int cfs_rq_throttled(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
return 0;
}
static inline int throttled_hierarchy(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
return 0;
}
static inline int throttled_lb_pair(struct task_group *tg,
int src_cpu, int dest_cpu)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
/**************************************************
* CFS operations on tasks:
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
static void hrtick_start_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
{
struct sched_entity *se = &p->se;
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
WARN_ON(task_rq(p) != rq);
if (hrtick_enabled(rq) && cfs_rq->nr_running > 1) {
u64 slice = sched_slice(cfs_rq, se);
u64 ran = se->sum_exec_runtime - se->prev_sum_exec_runtime;
s64 delta = slice - ran;
if (delta < 0) {
if (rq->curr == p)
resched_task(p);
return;
}
/*
* Don't schedule slices shorter than 10000ns, that just
* doesn't make sense. Rely on vruntime for fairness.
*/
if (rq->curr != p)
delta = max_t(s64, 10000LL, delta);
hrtick_start(rq, delta);
}
}
/*
* called from enqueue/dequeue and updates the hrtick when the
* current task is from our class and nr_running is low enough
* to matter.
*/
static void hrtick_update(struct rq *rq)
{
struct task_struct *curr = rq->curr;
if (curr->sched_class != &fair_sched_class)
return;
if (cfs_rq_of(&curr->se)->nr_running < sched_nr_latency)
hrtick_start_fair(rq, curr);
}
#else /* !CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK */
static inline void
hrtick_start_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
{
}
static inline void hrtick_update(struct rq *rq)
{
}
#endif
/*
* The enqueue_task method is called before nr_running is
* increased. Here we update the fair scheduling stats and
* then put the task into the rbtree:
*/
static void
enqueue_task_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
{
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
struct sched_entity *se = &p->se;
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
if (se->on_rq)
break;
cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
enqueue_entity(cfs_rq, se, flags);
/*
* end evaluation on encountering a throttled cfs_rq
*
* note: in the case of encountering a throttled cfs_rq we will
* post the final h_nr_running increment below.
*/
if (cfs_rq_throttled(cfs_rq))
break;
cfs_rq->h_nr_running++;
flags = ENQUEUE_WAKEUP;
}
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
cfs_rq->h_nr_running++;
if (cfs_rq_throttled(cfs_rq))
break;
update_cfs_load(cfs_rq, 0);
update_cfs_shares(cfs_rq);
}
if (!se)
inc_nr_running(rq);
hrtick_update(rq);
}
static void set_next_buddy(struct sched_entity *se);
/*
* The dequeue_task method is called before nr_running is
* decreased. We remove the task from the rbtree and
* update the fair scheduling stats:
*/
static void dequeue_task_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
{
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
struct sched_entity *se = &p->se;
int task_sleep = flags & DEQUEUE_SLEEP;
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
dequeue_entity(cfs_rq, se, flags);
/*
* end evaluation on encountering a throttled cfs_rq
*
* note: in the case of encountering a throttled cfs_rq we will
* post the final h_nr_running decrement below.
*/
if (cfs_rq_throttled(cfs_rq))
break;
cfs_rq->h_nr_running--;
/* Don't dequeue parent if it has other entities besides us */
if (cfs_rq->load.weight) {
/*
* Bias pick_next to pick a task from this cfs_rq, as
* p is sleeping when it is within its sched_slice.
*/
if (task_sleep && parent_entity(se))
set_next_buddy(parent_entity(se));
/* avoid re-evaluating load for this entity */
se = parent_entity(se);
break;
}
flags |= DEQUEUE_SLEEP;
}
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
cfs_rq->h_nr_running--;
if (cfs_rq_throttled(cfs_rq))
break;
update_cfs_load(cfs_rq, 0);
update_cfs_shares(cfs_rq);
}
if (!se)
dec_nr_running(rq);
hrtick_update(rq);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static void task_waking_fair(struct task_struct *p)
{
struct sched_entity *se = &p->se;
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
u64 min_vruntime;
#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
u64 min_vruntime_copy;
do {
min_vruntime_copy = cfs_rq->min_vruntime_copy;
smp_rmb();
min_vruntime = cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
} while (min_vruntime != min_vruntime_copy);
#else
min_vruntime = cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
#endif
se->vruntime -= min_vruntime;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
/*
* effective_load() calculates the load change as seen from the root_task_group
*
* Adding load to a group doesn't make a group heavier, but can cause movement
* of group shares between cpus. Assuming the shares were perfectly aligned one
* can calculate the shift in shares.
*/
static long effective_load(struct task_group *tg, int cpu, long wl, long wg)
{
struct sched_entity *se = tg->se[cpu];
if (!tg->parent)
return wl;
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
long lw, w;
tg = se->my_q->tg;
w = se->my_q->load.weight;
/* use this cpu's instantaneous contribution */
lw = atomic_read(&tg->load_weight);
lw -= se->my_q->load_contribution;
lw += w + wg;
wl += w;
if (lw > 0 && wl < lw)
wl = (wl * tg->shares) / lw;
else
wl = tg->shares;
/* zero point is MIN_SHARES */
if (wl < MIN_SHARES)
wl = MIN_SHARES;
wl -= se->load.weight;
wg = 0;
}
return wl;
}
#else
static inline unsigned long effective_load(struct task_group *tg, int cpu,
unsigned long wl, unsigned long wg)
{
return wl;
}
#endif
static int wake_affine(struct sched_domain *sd, struct task_struct *p, int sync)
{
s64 this_load, load;
int idx, this_cpu, prev_cpu;
unsigned long tl_per_task;
struct task_group *tg;
unsigned long weight;
int balanced;
idx = sd->wake_idx;
this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
prev_cpu = task_cpu(p);
load = source_load(prev_cpu, idx);
this_load = target_load(this_cpu, idx);
/*
* If sync wakeup then subtract the (maximum possible)
* effect of the currently running task from the load
* of the current CPU:
*/
if (sync) {
tg = task_group(current);
weight = current->se.load.weight;
this_load += effective_load(tg, this_cpu, -weight, -weight);
load += effective_load(tg, prev_cpu, 0, -weight);
}
tg = task_group(p);
weight = p->se.load.weight;
/*
* In low-load situations, where prev_cpu is idle and this_cpu is idle
* due to the sync cause above having dropped this_load to 0, we'll
* always have an imbalance, but there's really nothing you can do
* about that, so that's good too.
*
* Otherwise check if either cpus are near enough in load to allow this
* task to be woken on this_cpu.
*/
if (this_load > 0) {
s64 this_eff_load, prev_eff_load;
this_eff_load = 100;
this_eff_load *= power_of(prev_cpu);
this_eff_load *= this_load +
effective_load(tg, this_cpu, weight, weight);
prev_eff_load = 100 + (sd->imbalance_pct - 100) / 2;
prev_eff_load *= power_of(this_cpu);
prev_eff_load *= load + effective_load(tg, prev_cpu, 0, weight);
balanced = this_eff_load <= prev_eff_load;
} else
balanced = true;
/*
* If the currently running task will sleep within
* a reasonable amount of time then attract this newly
* woken task:
*/
if (sync && balanced)
return 1;
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_wakeups_affine_attempts);
tl_per_task = cpu_avg_load_per_task(this_cpu);
if (balanced ||
(this_load <= load &&
this_load + target_load(prev_cpu, idx) <= tl_per_task)) {
/*
* This domain has SD_WAKE_AFFINE and
* p is cache cold in this domain, and
* there is no bad imbalance.
*/
schedstat_inc(sd, ttwu_move_affine);
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_wakeups_affine);
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* find_idlest_group finds and returns the least busy CPU group within the
* domain.
*/
static struct sched_group *
find_idlest_group(struct sched_domain *sd, struct task_struct *p,
int this_cpu, int load_idx)
{
struct sched_group *idlest = NULL, *group = sd->groups;
unsigned long min_load = ULONG_MAX, this_load = 0;
int imbalance = 100 + (sd->imbalance_pct-100)/2;
do {
unsigned long load, avg_load;
int local_group;
int i;
/* Skip over this group if it has no CPUs allowed */
if (!cpumask_intersects(sched_group_cpus(group),
tsk_cpus_allowed(p)))
continue;
local_group = cpumask_test_cpu(this_cpu,
sched_group_cpus(group));
/* Tally up the load of all CPUs in the group */
avg_load = 0;
for_each_cpu(i, sched_group_cpus(group)) {
/* Bias balancing toward cpus of our domain */
if (local_group)
load = source_load(i, load_idx);
else
load = target_load(i, load_idx);
avg_load += load;
}
/* Adjust by relative CPU power of the group */
avg_load = (avg_load * SCHED_POWER_SCALE) / group->sgp->power;
if (local_group) {
this_load = avg_load;
} else if (avg_load < min_load) {
min_load = avg_load;
idlest = group;
}
} while (group = group->next, group != sd->groups);
if (!idlest || 100*this_load < imbalance*min_load)
return NULL;
return idlest;
}
/*
* find_idlest_cpu - find the idlest cpu among the cpus in group.
*/
static int
find_idlest_cpu(struct sched_group *group, struct task_struct *p, int this_cpu)
{
unsigned long load, min_load = ULONG_MAX;
int idlest = -1;
int i;
/* Traverse only the allowed CPUs */
for_each_cpu_and(i, sched_group_cpus(group), tsk_cpus_allowed(p)) {
load = weighted_cpuload(i);
if (load < min_load || (load == min_load && i == this_cpu)) {
min_load = load;
idlest = i;
}
}
return idlest;
}
/*
* Try and locate an idle CPU in the sched_domain.
*/
static int select_idle_sibling(struct task_struct *p, int target)
{
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
int prev_cpu = task_cpu(p);
struct sched_domain *sd;
int i;
/*
* If the task is going to be woken-up on this cpu and if it is
* already idle, then it is the right target.
*/
if (target == cpu && idle_cpu(cpu))
return cpu;
/*
* If the task is going to be woken-up on the cpu where it previously
* ran and if it is currently idle, then it the right target.
*/
if (target == prev_cpu && idle_cpu(prev_cpu))
return prev_cpu;
/*
* Otherwise, iterate the domains and find an elegible idle cpu.
*/
rcu_read_lock();
for_each_domain(target, sd) {
if (!(sd->flags & SD_SHARE_PKG_RESOURCES))
break;
for_each_cpu_and(i, sched_domain_span(sd), tsk_cpus_allowed(p)) {
if (idle_cpu(i)) {
target = i;
break;
}
}
/*
* Lets stop looking for an idle sibling when we reached
* the domain that spans the current cpu and prev_cpu.
*/
if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sched_domain_span(sd)) &&
cpumask_test_cpu(prev_cpu, sched_domain_span(sd)))
break;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return target;
}
/*
* sched_balance_self: balance the current task (running on cpu) in domains
* that have the 'flag' flag set. In practice, this is SD_BALANCE_FORK and
* SD_BALANCE_EXEC.
*
* Balance, ie. select the least loaded group.
*
* Returns the target CPU number, or the same CPU if no balancing is needed.
*
* preempt must be disabled.
*/
static int
select_task_rq_fair(struct task_struct *p, int sd_flag, int wake_flags)
{
struct sched_domain *tmp, *affine_sd = NULL, *sd = NULL;
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
int prev_cpu = task_cpu(p);
int new_cpu = cpu;
int want_affine = 0;
int want_sd = 1;
int sync = wake_flags & WF_SYNC;
if (sd_flag & SD_BALANCE_WAKE) {
if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(p)))
want_affine = 1;
new_cpu = prev_cpu;
}
rcu_read_lock();
for_each_domain(cpu, tmp) {
if (!(tmp->flags & SD_LOAD_BALANCE))
continue;
/*
* If power savings logic is enabled for a domain, see if we
* are not overloaded, if so, don't balance wider.
*/
if (tmp->flags & (SD_POWERSAVINGS_BALANCE|SD_PREFER_LOCAL)) {
unsigned long power = 0;
unsigned long nr_running = 0;
unsigned long capacity;
int i;
for_each_cpu(i, sched_domain_span(tmp)) {
power += power_of(i);
nr_running += cpu_rq(i)->cfs.nr_running;
}
capacity = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(power, SCHED_POWER_SCALE);
if (tmp->flags & SD_POWERSAVINGS_BALANCE)
nr_running /= 2;
if (nr_running < capacity)
want_sd = 0;
}
/*
* If both cpu and prev_cpu are part of this domain,
* cpu is a valid SD_WAKE_AFFINE target.
*/
if (want_affine && (tmp->flags & SD_WAKE_AFFINE) &&
cpumask_test_cpu(prev_cpu, sched_domain_span(tmp))) {
affine_sd = tmp;
want_affine = 0;
}
if (!want_sd && !want_affine)
break;
if (!(tmp->flags & sd_flag))
continue;
if (want_sd)
sd = tmp;
}
if (affine_sd) {
if (cpu == prev_cpu || wake_affine(affine_sd, p, sync))
prev_cpu = cpu;
new_cpu = select_idle_sibling(p, prev_cpu);
goto unlock;
}
while (sd) {
int load_idx = sd->forkexec_idx;
struct sched_group *group;
int weight;
if (!(sd->flags & sd_flag)) {
sd = sd->child;
continue;
}
if (sd_flag & SD_BALANCE_WAKE)
load_idx = sd->wake_idx;
group = find_idlest_group(sd, p, cpu, load_idx);
if (!group) {
sd = sd->child;
continue;
}
new_cpu = find_idlest_cpu(group, p, cpu);
if (new_cpu == -1 || new_cpu == cpu) {
/* Now try balancing at a lower domain level of cpu */
sd = sd->child;
continue;
}
/* Now try balancing at a lower domain level of new_cpu */
cpu = new_cpu;
weight = sd->span_weight;
sd = NULL;
for_each_domain(cpu, tmp) {
if (weight <= tmp->span_weight)
break;
if (tmp->flags & sd_flag)
sd = tmp;
}
/* while loop will break here if sd == NULL */
}
unlock:
rcu_read_unlock();
return new_cpu;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
static unsigned long
wakeup_gran(struct sched_entity *curr, struct sched_entity *se)
{
unsigned long gran = sysctl_sched_wakeup_granularity;
/*
* Since its curr running now, convert the gran from real-time
* to virtual-time in his units.
*
* By using 'se' instead of 'curr' we penalize light tasks, so
* they get preempted easier. That is, if 'se' < 'curr' then
* the resulting gran will be larger, therefore penalizing the
* lighter, if otoh 'se' > 'curr' then the resulting gran will
* be smaller, again penalizing the lighter task.
*
* This is especially important for buddies when the leftmost
* task is higher priority than the buddy.
*/
return calc_delta_fair(gran, se);
}
/*
* Should 'se' preempt 'curr'.
*
* |s1
* |s2
* |s3
* g
* |<--->|c
*
* w(c, s1) = -1
* w(c, s2) = 0
* w(c, s3) = 1
*
*/
static int
wakeup_preempt_entity(struct sched_entity *curr, struct sched_entity *se)
{
s64 gran, vdiff = curr->vruntime - se->vruntime;
if (vdiff <= 0)
return -1;
gran = wakeup_gran(curr, se);
if (vdiff > gran)
return 1;
return 0;
}
static void set_last_buddy(struct sched_entity *se)
{
if (entity_is_task(se) && unlikely(task_of(se)->policy == SCHED_IDLE))
return;
for_each_sched_entity(se)
cfs_rq_of(se)->last = se;
}
static void set_next_buddy(struct sched_entity *se)
{
if (entity_is_task(se) && unlikely(task_of(se)->policy == SCHED_IDLE))
return;
for_each_sched_entity(se)
cfs_rq_of(se)->next = se;
}
static void set_skip_buddy(struct sched_entity *se)
{
for_each_sched_entity(se)
cfs_rq_of(se)->skip = se;
}
/*
* Preempt the current task with a newly woken task if needed:
*/
static void check_preempt_wakeup(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int wake_flags)
{
struct task_struct *curr = rq->curr;
struct sched_entity *se = &curr->se, *pse = &p->se;
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = task_cfs_rq(curr);
int scale = cfs_rq->nr_running >= sched_nr_latency;
int next_buddy_marked = 0;
if (unlikely(se == pse))
return;
/*
* This is possible from callers such as pull_task(), in which we
* unconditionally check_prempt_curr() after an enqueue (which may have
* lead to a throttle). This both saves work and prevents false
* next-buddy nomination below.
*/
if (unlikely(throttled_hierarchy(cfs_rq_of(pse))))
return;
if (sched_feat(NEXT_BUDDY) && scale && !(wake_flags & WF_FORK)) {
set_next_buddy(pse);
next_buddy_marked = 1;
}
/*
* We can come here with TIF_NEED_RESCHED already set from new task
* wake up path.
*
* Note: this also catches the edge-case of curr being in a throttled
* group (e.g. via set_curr_task), since update_curr() (in the
* enqueue of curr) will have resulted in resched being set. This
* prevents us from potentially nominating it as a false LAST_BUDDY
* below.
*/
if (test_tsk_need_resched(curr))
return;
/* Idle tasks are by definition preempted by non-idle tasks. */
if (unlikely(curr->policy == SCHED_IDLE) &&
likely(p->policy != SCHED_IDLE))
goto preempt;
/*
* Batch and idle tasks do not preempt non-idle tasks (their preemption
* is driven by the tick):
*/
if (unlikely(p->policy != SCHED_NORMAL))
return;
find_matching_se(&se, &pse);
update_curr(cfs_rq_of(se));
BUG_ON(!pse);
if (wakeup_preempt_entity(se, pse) == 1) {
/*
* Bias pick_next to pick the sched entity that is
* triggering this preemption.
*/
if (!next_buddy_marked)
set_next_buddy(pse);
goto preempt;
}
return;
preempt:
resched_task(curr);
/*
* Only set the backward buddy when the current task is still
* on the rq. This can happen when a wakeup gets interleaved
* with schedule on the ->pre_schedule() or idle_balance()
* point, either of which can * drop the rq lock.
*
* Also, during early boot the idle thread is in the fair class,
* for obvious reasons its a bad idea to schedule back to it.
*/
if (unlikely(!se->on_rq || curr == rq->idle))
return;
if (sched_feat(LAST_BUDDY) && scale && entity_is_task(se))
set_last_buddy(se);
}
static struct task_struct *pick_next_task_fair(struct rq *rq)
{
struct task_struct *p;
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = &rq->cfs;
struct sched_entity *se;
if (!cfs_rq->nr_running)
return NULL;
do {
se = pick_next_entity(cfs_rq);
set_next_entity(cfs_rq, se);
cfs_rq = group_cfs_rq(se);
} while (cfs_rq);
p = task_of(se);
hrtick_start_fair(rq, p);
return p;
}
/*
* Account for a descheduled task:
*/
static void put_prev_task_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
{
struct sched_entity *se = &prev->se;
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
put_prev_entity(cfs_rq, se);
}
}
/*
* sched_yield() is very simple
*
* The magic of dealing with the ->skip buddy is in pick_next_entity.
*/
static void yield_task_fair(struct rq *rq)
{
struct task_struct *curr = rq->curr;
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = task_cfs_rq(curr);
struct sched_entity *se = &curr->se;
/*
* Are we the only task in the tree?
*/
if (unlikely(rq->nr_running == 1))
return;
clear_buddies(cfs_rq, se);
if (curr->policy != SCHED_BATCH) {
update_rq_clock(rq);
/*
* Update run-time statistics of the 'current'.
*/
update_curr(cfs_rq);
}
set_skip_buddy(se);
}
static bool yield_to_task_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, bool preempt)
{
struct sched_entity *se = &p->se;
/* throttled hierarchies are not runnable */
if (!se->on_rq || throttled_hierarchy(cfs_rq_of(se)))
return false;
/* Tell the scheduler that we'd really like pse to run next. */
set_next_buddy(se);
yield_task_fair(rq);
return true;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/**************************************************
* Fair scheduling class load-balancing methods:
*/
/*
* pull_task - move a task from a remote runqueue to the local runqueue.
* Both runqueues must be locked.
*/
static void pull_task(struct rq *src_rq, struct task_struct *p,
struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu)
{
deactivate_task(src_rq, p, 0);
set_task_cpu(p, this_cpu);
activate_task(this_rq, p, 0);
check_preempt_curr(this_rq, p, 0);
}
/*
* can_migrate_task - may task p from runqueue rq be migrated to this_cpu?
*/
static
int can_migrate_task(struct task_struct *p, struct rq *rq, int this_cpu,
struct sched_domain *sd, enum cpu_idle_type idle,
int *all_pinned)
{
int tsk_cache_hot = 0;
/*
* We do not migrate tasks that are:
* 1) running (obviously), or
* 2) cannot be migrated to this CPU due to cpus_allowed, or
* 3) are cache-hot on their current CPU.
*/
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(this_cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(p))) {
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_failed_migrations_affine);
return 0;
}
*all_pinned = 0;
if (task_running(rq, p)) {
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_failed_migrations_running);
return 0;
}
/*
* Aggressive migration if:
* 1) task is cache cold, or
* 2) too many balance attempts have failed.
*/
tsk_cache_hot = task_hot(p, rq->clock_task, sd);
if (!tsk_cache_hot ||
sd->nr_balance_failed > sd->cache_nice_tries) {
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
if (tsk_cache_hot) {
schedstat_inc(sd, lb_hot_gained[idle]);
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_forced_migrations);
}
#endif
return 1;
}
if (tsk_cache_hot) {
schedstat_inc(p, se.statistics.nr_failed_migrations_hot);
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
/*
* move_one_task tries to move exactly one task from busiest to this_rq, as
* part of active balancing operations within "domain".
* Returns 1 if successful and 0 otherwise.
*
* Called with both runqueues locked.
*/
static int
move_one_task(struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu, struct rq *busiest,
struct sched_domain *sd, enum cpu_idle_type idle)
{
struct task_struct *p, *n;
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
int pinned = 0;
for_each_leaf_cfs_rq(busiest, cfs_rq) {
list_for_each_entry_safe(p, n, &cfs_rq->tasks, se.group_node) {
if (throttled_lb_pair(task_group(p),
busiest->cpu, this_cpu))
break;
if (!can_migrate_task(p, busiest, this_cpu,
sd, idle, &pinned))
continue;
pull_task(busiest, p, this_rq, this_cpu);
/*
* Right now, this is only the second place pull_task()
* is called, so we can safely collect pull_task()
* stats here rather than inside pull_task().
*/
schedstat_inc(sd, lb_gained[idle]);
return 1;
}
}
return 0;
}
static unsigned long
balance_tasks(struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu, struct rq *busiest,
unsigned long max_load_move, struct sched_domain *sd,
enum cpu_idle_type idle, int *all_pinned,
struct cfs_rq *busiest_cfs_rq)
{
int loops = 0, pulled = 0;
long rem_load_move = max_load_move;
struct task_struct *p, *n;
if (max_load_move == 0)
goto out;
list_for_each_entry_safe(p, n, &busiest_cfs_rq->tasks, se.group_node) {
if (loops++ > sysctl_sched_nr_migrate)
break;
if ((p->se.load.weight >> 1) > rem_load_move ||
!can_migrate_task(p, busiest, this_cpu, sd, idle,
all_pinned))
continue;
pull_task(busiest, p, this_rq, this_cpu);
pulled++;
rem_load_move -= p->se.load.weight;
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
/*
* NEWIDLE balancing is a source of latency, so preemptible
* kernels will stop after the first task is pulled to minimize
* the critical section.
*/
if (idle == CPU_NEWLY_IDLE)
break;
#endif
/*
* We only want to steal up to the prescribed amount of
* weighted load.
*/
if (rem_load_move <= 0)
break;
}
out:
/*
* Right now, this is one of only two places pull_task() is called,
* so we can safely collect pull_task() stats here rather than
* inside pull_task().
*/
schedstat_add(sd, lb_gained[idle], pulled);
return max_load_move - rem_load_move;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
/*
* update tg->load_weight by folding this cpu's load_avg
*/
static int update_shares_cpu(struct task_group *tg, int cpu)
{
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
unsigned long flags;
struct rq *rq;
if (!tg->se[cpu])
return 0;
rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
cfs_rq = tg->cfs_rq[cpu];
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
update_rq_clock(rq);
update_cfs_load(cfs_rq, 1);
/*
* We need to update shares after updating tg->load_weight in
* order to adjust the weight of groups with long running tasks.
*/
update_cfs_shares(cfs_rq);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
return 0;
}
static void update_shares(int cpu)
{
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
rcu_read_lock();
/*
* Iterates the task_group tree in a bottom up fashion, see
* list_add_leaf_cfs_rq() for details.
*/
for_each_leaf_cfs_rq(rq, cfs_rq) {
/* throttled entities do not contribute to load */
if (throttled_hierarchy(cfs_rq))
continue;
update_shares_cpu(cfs_rq->tg, cpu);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
}
/*
* Compute the cpu's hierarchical load factor for each task group.
* This needs to be done in a top-down fashion because the load of a child
* group is a fraction of its parents load.
*/
static int tg_load_down(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
{
unsigned long load;
long cpu = (long)data;
if (!tg->parent) {
load = cpu_rq(cpu)->load.weight;
} else {
load = tg->parent->cfs_rq[cpu]->h_load;
load *= tg->se[cpu]->load.weight;
load /= tg->parent->cfs_rq[cpu]->load.weight + 1;
}
tg->cfs_rq[cpu]->h_load = load;
return 0;
}
static void update_h_load(long cpu)
{
walk_tg_tree(tg_load_down, tg_nop, (void *)cpu);
}
static unsigned long
load_balance_fair(struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu, struct rq *busiest,
unsigned long max_load_move,
struct sched_domain *sd, enum cpu_idle_type idle,
int *all_pinned)
{
long rem_load_move = max_load_move;
struct cfs_rq *busiest_cfs_rq;
rcu_read_lock();
update_h_load(cpu_of(busiest));
for_each_leaf_cfs_rq(busiest, busiest_cfs_rq) {
unsigned long busiest_h_load = busiest_cfs_rq->h_load;
unsigned long busiest_weight = busiest_cfs_rq->load.weight;
u64 rem_load, moved_load;
/*
* empty group or part of a throttled hierarchy
*/
if (!busiest_cfs_rq->task_weight ||
throttled_lb_pair(busiest_cfs_rq->tg, cpu_of(busiest), this_cpu))
continue;
rem_load = (u64)rem_load_move * busiest_weight;
rem_load = div_u64(rem_load, busiest_h_load + 1);
moved_load = balance_tasks(this_rq, this_cpu, busiest,
rem_load, sd, idle,