blob: a2f53642592b4d7fe3e8bffd12c25f91376c7caf [file] [log] [blame]
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* Copyright (c) 2018 Facebook */
#include <uapi/linux/btf.h>
#include <uapi/linux/types.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/sort.h>
#include <linux/bpf_verifier.h>
#include <linux/btf.h>
/* BTF (BPF Type Format) is the meta data format which describes
* the data types of BPF program/map. Hence, it basically focus
* on the C programming language which the modern BPF is primary
* using.
*
* ELF Section:
* ~~~~~~~~~~~
* The BTF data is stored under the ".BTF" ELF section
*
* struct btf_type:
* ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
* Each 'struct btf_type' object describes a C data type.
* Depending on the type it is describing, a 'struct btf_type'
* object may be followed by more data. F.e.
* To describe an array, 'struct btf_type' is followed by
* 'struct btf_array'.
*
* 'struct btf_type' and any extra data following it are
* 4 bytes aligned.
*
* Type section:
* ~~~~~~~~~~~~~
* The BTF type section contains a list of 'struct btf_type' objects.
* Each one describes a C type. Recall from the above section
* that a 'struct btf_type' object could be immediately followed by extra
* data in order to desribe some particular C types.
*
* type_id:
* ~~~~~~~
* Each btf_type object is identified by a type_id. The type_id
* is implicitly implied by the location of the btf_type object in
* the BTF type section. The first one has type_id 1. The second
* one has type_id 2...etc. Hence, an earlier btf_type has
* a smaller type_id.
*
* A btf_type object may refer to another btf_type object by using
* type_id (i.e. the "type" in the "struct btf_type").
*
* NOTE that we cannot assume any reference-order.
* A btf_type object can refer to an earlier btf_type object
* but it can also refer to a later btf_type object.
*
* For example, to describe "const void *". A btf_type
* object describing "const" may refer to another btf_type
* object describing "void *". This type-reference is done
* by specifying type_id:
*
* [1] CONST (anon) type_id=2
* [2] PTR (anon) type_id=0
*
* The above is the btf_verifier debug log:
* - Each line started with "[?]" is a btf_type object
* - [?] is the type_id of the btf_type object.
* - CONST/PTR is the BTF_KIND_XXX
* - "(anon)" is the name of the type. It just
* happens that CONST and PTR has no name.
* - type_id=XXX is the 'u32 type' in btf_type
*
* NOTE: "void" has type_id 0
*
* String section:
* ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
* The BTF string section contains the names used by the type section.
* Each string is referred by an "offset" from the beginning of the
* string section.
*
* Each string is '\0' terminated.
*
* The first character in the string section must be '\0'
* which is used to mean 'anonymous'. Some btf_type may not
* have a name.
*/
/* BTF verification:
*
* To verify BTF data, two passes are needed.
*
* Pass #1
* ~~~~~~~
* The first pass is to collect all btf_type objects to
* an array: "btf->types".
*
* Depending on the C type that a btf_type is describing,
* a btf_type may be followed by extra data. We don't know
* how many btf_type is there, and more importantly we don't
* know where each btf_type is located in the type section.
*
* Without knowing the location of each type_id, most verifications
* cannot be done. e.g. an earlier btf_type may refer to a later
* btf_type (recall the "const void *" above), so we cannot
* check this type-reference in the first pass.
*
* In the first pass, it still does some verifications (e.g.
* checking the name is a valid offset to the string section).
*
* Pass #2
* ~~~~~~~
* The main focus is to resolve a btf_type that is referring
* to another type.
*
* We have to ensure the referring type:
* 1) does exist in the BTF (i.e. in btf->types[])
* 2) does not cause a loop:
* struct A {
* struct B b;
* };
*
* struct B {
* struct A a;
* };
*
* btf_type_needs_resolve() decides if a btf_type needs
* to be resolved.
*
* The needs_resolve type implements the "resolve()" ops which
* essentially does a DFS and detects backedge.
*
* During resolve (or DFS), different C types have different
* "RESOLVED" conditions.
*
* When resolving a BTF_KIND_STRUCT, we need to resolve all its
* members because a member is always referring to another
* type. A struct's member can be treated as "RESOLVED" if
* it is referring to a BTF_KIND_PTR. Otherwise, the
* following valid C struct would be rejected:
*
* struct A {
* int m;
* struct A *a;
* };
*
* When resolving a BTF_KIND_PTR, it needs to keep resolving if
* it is referring to another BTF_KIND_PTR. Otherwise, we cannot
* detect a pointer loop, e.g.:
* BTF_KIND_CONST -> BTF_KIND_PTR -> BTF_KIND_CONST -> BTF_KIND_PTR +
* ^ |
* +-----------------------------------------+
*
*/
#define BITS_PER_U64 (sizeof(u64) * BITS_PER_BYTE)
#define BITS_PER_BYTE_MASK (BITS_PER_BYTE - 1)
#define BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(bits) ((bits) & BITS_PER_BYTE_MASK)
#define BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(bits) ((bits) >> 3)
#define BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(bits) \
(BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(bits) + !!BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(bits))
#define BTF_INFO_MASK 0x8f00ffff
#define BTF_INT_MASK 0x0fffffff
#define BTF_TYPE_ID_VALID(type_id) ((type_id) <= BTF_MAX_TYPE)
#define BTF_STR_OFFSET_VALID(name_off) ((name_off) <= BTF_MAX_NAME_OFFSET)
/* 16MB for 64k structs and each has 16 members and
* a few MB spaces for the string section.
* The hard limit is S32_MAX.
*/
#define BTF_MAX_SIZE (16 * 1024 * 1024)
#define for_each_member(i, struct_type, member) \
for (i = 0, member = btf_type_member(struct_type); \
i < btf_type_vlen(struct_type); \
i++, member++)
#define for_each_member_from(i, from, struct_type, member) \
for (i = from, member = btf_type_member(struct_type) + from; \
i < btf_type_vlen(struct_type); \
i++, member++)
static DEFINE_IDR(btf_idr);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(btf_idr_lock);
struct btf {
void *data;
struct btf_type **types;
u32 *resolved_ids;
u32 *resolved_sizes;
const char *strings;
void *nohdr_data;
struct btf_header hdr;
u32 nr_types;
u32 types_size;
u32 data_size;
refcount_t refcnt;
u32 id;
struct rcu_head rcu;
};
enum verifier_phase {
CHECK_META,
CHECK_TYPE,
};
struct resolve_vertex {
const struct btf_type *t;
u32 type_id;
u16 next_member;
};
enum visit_state {
NOT_VISITED,
VISITED,
RESOLVED,
};
enum resolve_mode {
RESOLVE_TBD, /* To Be Determined */
RESOLVE_PTR, /* Resolving for Pointer */
RESOLVE_STRUCT_OR_ARRAY, /* Resolving for struct/union
* or array
*/
};
#define MAX_RESOLVE_DEPTH 32
struct btf_sec_info {
u32 off;
u32 len;
};
struct btf_verifier_env {
struct btf *btf;
u8 *visit_states;
struct resolve_vertex stack[MAX_RESOLVE_DEPTH];
struct bpf_verifier_log log;
u32 log_type_id;
u32 top_stack;
enum verifier_phase phase;
enum resolve_mode resolve_mode;
};
static const char * const btf_kind_str[NR_BTF_KINDS] = {
[BTF_KIND_UNKN] = "UNKNOWN",
[BTF_KIND_INT] = "INT",
[BTF_KIND_PTR] = "PTR",
[BTF_KIND_ARRAY] = "ARRAY",
[BTF_KIND_STRUCT] = "STRUCT",
[BTF_KIND_UNION] = "UNION",
[BTF_KIND_ENUM] = "ENUM",
[BTF_KIND_FWD] = "FWD",
[BTF_KIND_TYPEDEF] = "TYPEDEF",
[BTF_KIND_VOLATILE] = "VOLATILE",
[BTF_KIND_CONST] = "CONST",
[BTF_KIND_RESTRICT] = "RESTRICT",
[BTF_KIND_FUNC] = "FUNC",
[BTF_KIND_FUNC_PROTO] = "FUNC_PROTO",
};
struct btf_kind_operations {
s32 (*check_meta)(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t,
u32 meta_left);
int (*resolve)(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct resolve_vertex *v);
int (*check_member)(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type);
int (*check_kflag_member)(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type);
void (*log_details)(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t);
void (*seq_show)(const struct btf *btf, const struct btf_type *t,
u32 type_id, void *data, u8 bits_offsets,
struct seq_file *m);
};
static const struct btf_kind_operations * const kind_ops[NR_BTF_KINDS];
static struct btf_type btf_void;
static int btf_resolve(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t, u32 type_id);
static bool btf_type_is_modifier(const struct btf_type *t)
{
/* Some of them is not strictly a C modifier
* but they are grouped into the same bucket
* for BTF concern:
* A type (t) that refers to another
* type through t->type AND its size cannot
* be determined without following the t->type.
*
* ptr does not fall into this bucket
* because its size is always sizeof(void *).
*/
switch (BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info)) {
case BTF_KIND_TYPEDEF:
case BTF_KIND_VOLATILE:
case BTF_KIND_CONST:
case BTF_KIND_RESTRICT:
return true;
}
return false;
}
static bool btf_type_is_void(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return t == &btf_void;
}
static bool btf_type_is_fwd(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info) == BTF_KIND_FWD;
}
static bool btf_type_is_func(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info) == BTF_KIND_FUNC;
}
static bool btf_type_is_func_proto(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info) == BTF_KIND_FUNC_PROTO;
}
static bool btf_type_nosize(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return btf_type_is_void(t) || btf_type_is_fwd(t) ||
btf_type_is_func(t) || btf_type_is_func_proto(t);
}
static bool btf_type_nosize_or_null(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return !t || btf_type_nosize(t);
}
/* union is only a special case of struct:
* all its offsetof(member) == 0
*/
static bool btf_type_is_struct(const struct btf_type *t)
{
u8 kind = BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info);
return kind == BTF_KIND_STRUCT || kind == BTF_KIND_UNION;
}
static bool btf_type_is_array(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info) == BTF_KIND_ARRAY;
}
static bool btf_type_is_ptr(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info) == BTF_KIND_PTR;
}
static bool btf_type_is_int(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info) == BTF_KIND_INT;
}
/* What types need to be resolved?
*
* btf_type_is_modifier() is an obvious one.
*
* btf_type_is_struct() because its member refers to
* another type (through member->type).
* btf_type_is_array() because its element (array->type)
* refers to another type. Array can be thought of a
* special case of struct while array just has the same
* member-type repeated by array->nelems of times.
*/
static bool btf_type_needs_resolve(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return btf_type_is_modifier(t) ||
btf_type_is_ptr(t) ||
btf_type_is_struct(t) ||
btf_type_is_array(t);
}
/* t->size can be used */
static bool btf_type_has_size(const struct btf_type *t)
{
switch (BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info)) {
case BTF_KIND_INT:
case BTF_KIND_STRUCT:
case BTF_KIND_UNION:
case BTF_KIND_ENUM:
return true;
}
return false;
}
static const char *btf_int_encoding_str(u8 encoding)
{
if (encoding == 0)
return "(none)";
else if (encoding == BTF_INT_SIGNED)
return "SIGNED";
else if (encoding == BTF_INT_CHAR)
return "CHAR";
else if (encoding == BTF_INT_BOOL)
return "BOOL";
else
return "UNKN";
}
static u16 btf_type_vlen(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return BTF_INFO_VLEN(t->info);
}
static bool btf_type_kflag(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return BTF_INFO_KFLAG(t->info);
}
static u32 btf_member_bit_offset(const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member)
{
return btf_type_kflag(struct_type) ? BTF_MEMBER_BIT_OFFSET(member->offset)
: member->offset;
}
static u32 btf_member_bitfield_size(const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member)
{
return btf_type_kflag(struct_type) ? BTF_MEMBER_BITFIELD_SIZE(member->offset)
: 0;
}
static u32 btf_type_int(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return *(u32 *)(t + 1);
}
static const struct btf_array *btf_type_array(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return (const struct btf_array *)(t + 1);
}
static const struct btf_member *btf_type_member(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return (const struct btf_member *)(t + 1);
}
static const struct btf_enum *btf_type_enum(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return (const struct btf_enum *)(t + 1);
}
static const struct btf_kind_operations *btf_type_ops(const struct btf_type *t)
{
return kind_ops[BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info)];
}
bool btf_name_offset_valid(const struct btf *btf, u32 offset)
{
return BTF_STR_OFFSET_VALID(offset) &&
offset < btf->hdr.str_len;
}
/* Only C-style identifier is permitted. This can be relaxed if
* necessary.
*/
static bool btf_name_valid_identifier(const struct btf *btf, u32 offset)
{
/* offset must be valid */
const char *src = &btf->strings[offset];
const char *src_limit;
if (!isalpha(*src) && *src != '_')
return false;
/* set a limit on identifier length */
src_limit = src + KSYM_NAME_LEN;
src++;
while (*src && src < src_limit) {
if (!isalnum(*src) && *src != '_')
return false;
src++;
}
return !*src;
}
static const char *__btf_name_by_offset(const struct btf *btf, u32 offset)
{
if (!offset)
return "(anon)";
else if (offset < btf->hdr.str_len)
return &btf->strings[offset];
else
return "(invalid-name-offset)";
}
const char *btf_name_by_offset(const struct btf *btf, u32 offset)
{
if (offset < btf->hdr.str_len)
return &btf->strings[offset];
return NULL;
}
const struct btf_type *btf_type_by_id(const struct btf *btf, u32 type_id)
{
if (type_id > btf->nr_types)
return NULL;
return btf->types[type_id];
}
/*
* Regular int is not a bit field and it must be either
* u8/u16/u32/u64.
*/
static bool btf_type_int_is_regular(const struct btf_type *t)
{
u8 nr_bits, nr_bytes;
u32 int_data;
int_data = btf_type_int(t);
nr_bits = BTF_INT_BITS(int_data);
nr_bytes = BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(nr_bits);
if (BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(nr_bits) ||
BTF_INT_OFFSET(int_data) ||
(nr_bytes != sizeof(u8) && nr_bytes != sizeof(u16) &&
nr_bytes != sizeof(u32) && nr_bytes != sizeof(u64))) {
return false;
}
return true;
}
/*
* Check that given struct member is a regular int with expected
* offset and size.
*/
bool btf_member_is_reg_int(const struct btf *btf, const struct btf_type *s,
const struct btf_member *m,
u32 expected_offset, u32 expected_size)
{
const struct btf_type *t;
u32 id, int_data;
u8 nr_bits;
id = m->type;
t = btf_type_id_size(btf, &id, NULL);
if (!t || !btf_type_is_int(t))
return false;
int_data = btf_type_int(t);
nr_bits = BTF_INT_BITS(int_data);
if (btf_type_kflag(s)) {
u32 bitfield_size = BTF_MEMBER_BITFIELD_SIZE(m->offset);
u32 bit_offset = BTF_MEMBER_BIT_OFFSET(m->offset);
/* if kflag set, int should be a regular int and
* bit offset should be at byte boundary.
*/
return !bitfield_size &&
BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(bit_offset) == expected_offset &&
BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(nr_bits) == expected_size;
}
if (BTF_INT_OFFSET(int_data) ||
BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(m->offset) ||
BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(m->offset) != expected_offset ||
BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(nr_bits) ||
BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(nr_bits) != expected_size)
return false;
return true;
}
__printf(2, 3) static void __btf_verifier_log(struct bpf_verifier_log *log,
const char *fmt, ...)
{
va_list args;
va_start(args, fmt);
bpf_verifier_vlog(log, fmt, args);
va_end(args);
}
__printf(2, 3) static void btf_verifier_log(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const char *fmt, ...)
{
struct bpf_verifier_log *log = &env->log;
va_list args;
if (!bpf_verifier_log_needed(log))
return;
va_start(args, fmt);
bpf_verifier_vlog(log, fmt, args);
va_end(args);
}
__printf(4, 5) static void __btf_verifier_log_type(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t,
bool log_details,
const char *fmt, ...)
{
struct bpf_verifier_log *log = &env->log;
u8 kind = BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info);
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
va_list args;
if (!bpf_verifier_log_needed(log))
return;
__btf_verifier_log(log, "[%u] %s %s%s",
env->log_type_id,
btf_kind_str[kind],
__btf_name_by_offset(btf, t->name_off),
log_details ? " " : "");
if (log_details)
btf_type_ops(t)->log_details(env, t);
if (fmt && *fmt) {
__btf_verifier_log(log, " ");
va_start(args, fmt);
bpf_verifier_vlog(log, fmt, args);
va_end(args);
}
__btf_verifier_log(log, "\n");
}
#define btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, ...) \
__btf_verifier_log_type((env), (t), true, __VA_ARGS__)
#define btf_verifier_log_basic(env, t, ...) \
__btf_verifier_log_type((env), (t), false, __VA_ARGS__)
__printf(4, 5)
static void btf_verifier_log_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const char *fmt, ...)
{
struct bpf_verifier_log *log = &env->log;
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
va_list args;
if (!bpf_verifier_log_needed(log))
return;
/* The CHECK_META phase already did a btf dump.
*
* If member is logged again, it must hit an error in
* parsing this member. It is useful to print out which
* struct this member belongs to.
*/
if (env->phase != CHECK_META)
btf_verifier_log_type(env, struct_type, NULL);
if (btf_type_kflag(struct_type))
__btf_verifier_log(log,
"\t%s type_id=%u bitfield_size=%u bits_offset=%u",
__btf_name_by_offset(btf, member->name_off),
member->type,
BTF_MEMBER_BITFIELD_SIZE(member->offset),
BTF_MEMBER_BIT_OFFSET(member->offset));
else
__btf_verifier_log(log, "\t%s type_id=%u bits_offset=%u",
__btf_name_by_offset(btf, member->name_off),
member->type, member->offset);
if (fmt && *fmt) {
__btf_verifier_log(log, " ");
va_start(args, fmt);
bpf_verifier_vlog(log, fmt, args);
va_end(args);
}
__btf_verifier_log(log, "\n");
}
static void btf_verifier_log_hdr(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
u32 btf_data_size)
{
struct bpf_verifier_log *log = &env->log;
const struct btf *btf = env->btf;
const struct btf_header *hdr;
if (!bpf_verifier_log_needed(log))
return;
hdr = &btf->hdr;
__btf_verifier_log(log, "magic: 0x%x\n", hdr->magic);
__btf_verifier_log(log, "version: %u\n", hdr->version);
__btf_verifier_log(log, "flags: 0x%x\n", hdr->flags);
__btf_verifier_log(log, "hdr_len: %u\n", hdr->hdr_len);
__btf_verifier_log(log, "type_off: %u\n", hdr->type_off);
__btf_verifier_log(log, "type_len: %u\n", hdr->type_len);
__btf_verifier_log(log, "str_off: %u\n", hdr->str_off);
__btf_verifier_log(log, "str_len: %u\n", hdr->str_len);
__btf_verifier_log(log, "btf_total_size: %u\n", btf_data_size);
}
static int btf_add_type(struct btf_verifier_env *env, struct btf_type *t)
{
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
/* < 2 because +1 for btf_void which is always in btf->types[0].
* btf_void is not accounted in btf->nr_types because btf_void
* does not come from the BTF file.
*/
if (btf->types_size - btf->nr_types < 2) {
/* Expand 'types' array */
struct btf_type **new_types;
u32 expand_by, new_size;
if (btf->types_size == BTF_MAX_TYPE) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "Exceeded max num of types");
return -E2BIG;
}
expand_by = max_t(u32, btf->types_size >> 2, 16);
new_size = min_t(u32, BTF_MAX_TYPE,
btf->types_size + expand_by);
new_types = kvcalloc(new_size, sizeof(*new_types),
GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOWARN);
if (!new_types)
return -ENOMEM;
if (btf->nr_types == 0)
new_types[0] = &btf_void;
else
memcpy(new_types, btf->types,
sizeof(*btf->types) * (btf->nr_types + 1));
kvfree(btf->types);
btf->types = new_types;
btf->types_size = new_size;
}
btf->types[++(btf->nr_types)] = t;
return 0;
}
static int btf_alloc_id(struct btf *btf)
{
int id;
idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
spin_lock_bh(&btf_idr_lock);
id = idr_alloc_cyclic(&btf_idr, btf, 1, INT_MAX, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (id > 0)
btf->id = id;
spin_unlock_bh(&btf_idr_lock);
idr_preload_end();
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!id))
return -ENOSPC;
return id > 0 ? 0 : id;
}
static void btf_free_id(struct btf *btf)
{
unsigned long flags;
/*
* In map-in-map, calling map_delete_elem() on outer
* map will call bpf_map_put on the inner map.
* It will then eventually call btf_free_id()
* on the inner map. Some of the map_delete_elem()
* implementation may have irq disabled, so
* we need to use the _irqsave() version instead
* of the _bh() version.
*/
spin_lock_irqsave(&btf_idr_lock, flags);
idr_remove(&btf_idr, btf->id);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&btf_idr_lock, flags);
}
static void btf_free(struct btf *btf)
{
kvfree(btf->types);
kvfree(btf->resolved_sizes);
kvfree(btf->resolved_ids);
kvfree(btf->data);
kfree(btf);
}
static void btf_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu)
{
struct btf *btf = container_of(rcu, struct btf, rcu);
btf_free(btf);
}
void btf_put(struct btf *btf)
{
if (btf && refcount_dec_and_test(&btf->refcnt)) {
btf_free_id(btf);
call_rcu(&btf->rcu, btf_free_rcu);
}
}
static int env_resolve_init(struct btf_verifier_env *env)
{
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
u32 nr_types = btf->nr_types;
u32 *resolved_sizes = NULL;
u32 *resolved_ids = NULL;
u8 *visit_states = NULL;
/* +1 for btf_void */
resolved_sizes = kvcalloc(nr_types + 1, sizeof(*resolved_sizes),
GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOWARN);
if (!resolved_sizes)
goto nomem;
resolved_ids = kvcalloc(nr_types + 1, sizeof(*resolved_ids),
GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOWARN);
if (!resolved_ids)
goto nomem;
visit_states = kvcalloc(nr_types + 1, sizeof(*visit_states),
GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOWARN);
if (!visit_states)
goto nomem;
btf->resolved_sizes = resolved_sizes;
btf->resolved_ids = resolved_ids;
env->visit_states = visit_states;
return 0;
nomem:
kvfree(resolved_sizes);
kvfree(resolved_ids);
kvfree(visit_states);
return -ENOMEM;
}
static void btf_verifier_env_free(struct btf_verifier_env *env)
{
kvfree(env->visit_states);
kfree(env);
}
static bool env_type_is_resolve_sink(const struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *next_type)
{
switch (env->resolve_mode) {
case RESOLVE_TBD:
/* int, enum or void is a sink */
return !btf_type_needs_resolve(next_type);
case RESOLVE_PTR:
/* int, enum, void, struct, array, func or func_proto is a sink
* for ptr
*/
return !btf_type_is_modifier(next_type) &&
!btf_type_is_ptr(next_type);
case RESOLVE_STRUCT_OR_ARRAY:
/* int, enum, void, ptr, func or func_proto is a sink
* for struct and array
*/
return !btf_type_is_modifier(next_type) &&
!btf_type_is_array(next_type) &&
!btf_type_is_struct(next_type);
default:
BUG();
}
}
static bool env_type_is_resolved(const struct btf_verifier_env *env,
u32 type_id)
{
return env->visit_states[type_id] == RESOLVED;
}
static int env_stack_push(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t, u32 type_id)
{
struct resolve_vertex *v;
if (env->top_stack == MAX_RESOLVE_DEPTH)
return -E2BIG;
if (env->visit_states[type_id] != NOT_VISITED)
return -EEXIST;
env->visit_states[type_id] = VISITED;
v = &env->stack[env->top_stack++];
v->t = t;
v->type_id = type_id;
v->next_member = 0;
if (env->resolve_mode == RESOLVE_TBD) {
if (btf_type_is_ptr(t))
env->resolve_mode = RESOLVE_PTR;
else if (btf_type_is_struct(t) || btf_type_is_array(t))
env->resolve_mode = RESOLVE_STRUCT_OR_ARRAY;
}
return 0;
}
static void env_stack_set_next_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
u16 next_member)
{
env->stack[env->top_stack - 1].next_member = next_member;
}
static void env_stack_pop_resolved(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
u32 resolved_type_id,
u32 resolved_size)
{
u32 type_id = env->stack[--(env->top_stack)].type_id;
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
btf->resolved_sizes[type_id] = resolved_size;
btf->resolved_ids[type_id] = resolved_type_id;
env->visit_states[type_id] = RESOLVED;
}
static const struct resolve_vertex *env_stack_peak(struct btf_verifier_env *env)
{
return env->top_stack ? &env->stack[env->top_stack - 1] : NULL;
}
/* The input param "type_id" must point to a needs_resolve type */
static const struct btf_type *btf_type_id_resolve(const struct btf *btf,
u32 *type_id)
{
*type_id = btf->resolved_ids[*type_id];
return btf_type_by_id(btf, *type_id);
}
const struct btf_type *btf_type_id_size(const struct btf *btf,
u32 *type_id, u32 *ret_size)
{
const struct btf_type *size_type;
u32 size_type_id = *type_id;
u32 size = 0;
size_type = btf_type_by_id(btf, size_type_id);
if (btf_type_nosize_or_null(size_type))
return NULL;
if (btf_type_has_size(size_type)) {
size = size_type->size;
} else if (btf_type_is_array(size_type)) {
size = btf->resolved_sizes[size_type_id];
} else if (btf_type_is_ptr(size_type)) {
size = sizeof(void *);
} else {
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!btf_type_is_modifier(size_type)))
return NULL;
size = btf->resolved_sizes[size_type_id];
size_type_id = btf->resolved_ids[size_type_id];
size_type = btf_type_by_id(btf, size_type_id);
if (btf_type_nosize_or_null(size_type))
return NULL;
}
*type_id = size_type_id;
if (ret_size)
*ret_size = size;
return size_type;
}
static int btf_df_check_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type)
{
btf_verifier_log_basic(env, struct_type,
"Unsupported check_member");
return -EINVAL;
}
static int btf_df_check_kflag_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type)
{
btf_verifier_log_basic(env, struct_type,
"Unsupported check_kflag_member");
return -EINVAL;
}
/* Used for ptr, array and struct/union type members.
* int, enum and modifier types have their specific callback functions.
*/
static int btf_generic_check_kflag_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type)
{
if (BTF_MEMBER_BITFIELD_SIZE(member->offset)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Invalid member bitfield_size");
return -EINVAL;
}
/* bitfield size is 0, so member->offset represents bit offset only.
* It is safe to call non kflag check_member variants.
*/
return btf_type_ops(member_type)->check_member(env, struct_type,
member,
member_type);
}
static int btf_df_resolve(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct resolve_vertex *v)
{
btf_verifier_log_basic(env, v->t, "Unsupported resolve");
return -EINVAL;
}
static void btf_df_seq_show(const struct btf *btf, const struct btf_type *t,
u32 type_id, void *data, u8 bits_offsets,
struct seq_file *m)
{
seq_printf(m, "<unsupported kind:%u>", BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info));
}
static int btf_int_check_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type)
{
u32 int_data = btf_type_int(member_type);
u32 struct_bits_off = member->offset;
u32 struct_size = struct_type->size;
u32 nr_copy_bits;
u32 bytes_offset;
if (U32_MAX - struct_bits_off < BTF_INT_OFFSET(int_data)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"bits_offset exceeds U32_MAX");
return -EINVAL;
}
struct_bits_off += BTF_INT_OFFSET(int_data);
bytes_offset = BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(struct_bits_off);
nr_copy_bits = BTF_INT_BITS(int_data) +
BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(struct_bits_off);
if (nr_copy_bits > BITS_PER_U64) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"nr_copy_bits exceeds 64");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (struct_size < bytes_offset ||
struct_size - bytes_offset < BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(nr_copy_bits)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Member exceeds struct_size");
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
static int btf_int_check_kflag_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type)
{
u32 struct_bits_off, nr_bits, nr_int_data_bits, bytes_offset;
u32 int_data = btf_type_int(member_type);
u32 struct_size = struct_type->size;
u32 nr_copy_bits;
/* a regular int type is required for the kflag int member */
if (!btf_type_int_is_regular(member_type)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Invalid member base type");
return -EINVAL;
}
/* check sanity of bitfield size */
nr_bits = BTF_MEMBER_BITFIELD_SIZE(member->offset);
struct_bits_off = BTF_MEMBER_BIT_OFFSET(member->offset);
nr_int_data_bits = BTF_INT_BITS(int_data);
if (!nr_bits) {
/* Not a bitfield member, member offset must be at byte
* boundary.
*/
if (BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(struct_bits_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Invalid member offset");
return -EINVAL;
}
nr_bits = nr_int_data_bits;
} else if (nr_bits > nr_int_data_bits) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Invalid member bitfield_size");
return -EINVAL;
}
bytes_offset = BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(struct_bits_off);
nr_copy_bits = nr_bits + BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(struct_bits_off);
if (nr_copy_bits > BITS_PER_U64) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"nr_copy_bits exceeds 64");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (struct_size < bytes_offset ||
struct_size - bytes_offset < BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(nr_copy_bits)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Member exceeds struct_size");
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
static s32 btf_int_check_meta(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t,
u32 meta_left)
{
u32 int_data, nr_bits, meta_needed = sizeof(int_data);
u16 encoding;
if (meta_left < meta_needed) {
btf_verifier_log_basic(env, t,
"meta_left:%u meta_needed:%u",
meta_left, meta_needed);
return -EINVAL;
}
if (btf_type_vlen(t)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "vlen != 0");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (btf_type_kflag(t)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid btf_info kind_flag");
return -EINVAL;
}
int_data = btf_type_int(t);
if (int_data & ~BTF_INT_MASK) {
btf_verifier_log_basic(env, t, "Invalid int_data:%x",
int_data);
return -EINVAL;
}
nr_bits = BTF_INT_BITS(int_data) + BTF_INT_OFFSET(int_data);
if (nr_bits > BITS_PER_U64) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "nr_bits exceeds %zu",
BITS_PER_U64);
return -EINVAL;
}
if (BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(nr_bits) > t->size) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "nr_bits exceeds type_size");
return -EINVAL;
}
/*
* Only one of the encoding bits is allowed and it
* should be sufficient for the pretty print purpose (i.e. decoding).
* Multiple bits can be allowed later if it is found
* to be insufficient.
*/
encoding = BTF_INT_ENCODING(int_data);
if (encoding &&
encoding != BTF_INT_SIGNED &&
encoding != BTF_INT_CHAR &&
encoding != BTF_INT_BOOL) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Unsupported encoding");
return -ENOTSUPP;
}
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, NULL);
return meta_needed;
}
static void btf_int_log(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t)
{
int int_data = btf_type_int(t);
btf_verifier_log(env,
"size=%u bits_offset=%u nr_bits=%u encoding=%s",
t->size, BTF_INT_OFFSET(int_data),
BTF_INT_BITS(int_data),
btf_int_encoding_str(BTF_INT_ENCODING(int_data)));
}
static void btf_bitfield_seq_show(void *data, u8 bits_offset,
u8 nr_bits, struct seq_file *m)
{
u16 left_shift_bits, right_shift_bits;
u8 nr_copy_bytes;
u8 nr_copy_bits;
u64 print_num;
nr_copy_bits = nr_bits + bits_offset;
nr_copy_bytes = BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(nr_copy_bits);
print_num = 0;
memcpy(&print_num, data, nr_copy_bytes);
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD
left_shift_bits = bits_offset;
#else
left_shift_bits = BITS_PER_U64 - nr_copy_bits;
#endif
right_shift_bits = BITS_PER_U64 - nr_bits;
print_num <<= left_shift_bits;
print_num >>= right_shift_bits;
seq_printf(m, "0x%llx", print_num);
}
static void btf_int_bits_seq_show(const struct btf *btf,
const struct btf_type *t,
void *data, u8 bits_offset,
struct seq_file *m)
{
u32 int_data = btf_type_int(t);
u8 nr_bits = BTF_INT_BITS(int_data);
u8 total_bits_offset;
/*
* bits_offset is at most 7.
* BTF_INT_OFFSET() cannot exceed 64 bits.
*/
total_bits_offset = bits_offset + BTF_INT_OFFSET(int_data);
data += BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(total_bits_offset);
bits_offset = BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(total_bits_offset);
btf_bitfield_seq_show(data, bits_offset, nr_bits, m);
}
static void btf_int_seq_show(const struct btf *btf, const struct btf_type *t,
u32 type_id, void *data, u8 bits_offset,
struct seq_file *m)
{
u32 int_data = btf_type_int(t);
u8 encoding = BTF_INT_ENCODING(int_data);
bool sign = encoding & BTF_INT_SIGNED;
u8 nr_bits = BTF_INT_BITS(int_data);
if (bits_offset || BTF_INT_OFFSET(int_data) ||
BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(nr_bits)) {
btf_int_bits_seq_show(btf, t, data, bits_offset, m);
return;
}
switch (nr_bits) {
case 64:
if (sign)
seq_printf(m, "%lld", *(s64 *)data);
else
seq_printf(m, "%llu", *(u64 *)data);
break;
case 32:
if (sign)
seq_printf(m, "%d", *(s32 *)data);
else
seq_printf(m, "%u", *(u32 *)data);
break;
case 16:
if (sign)
seq_printf(m, "%d", *(s16 *)data);
else
seq_printf(m, "%u", *(u16 *)data);
break;
case 8:
if (sign)
seq_printf(m, "%d", *(s8 *)data);
else
seq_printf(m, "%u", *(u8 *)data);
break;
default:
btf_int_bits_seq_show(btf, t, data, bits_offset, m);
}
}
static const struct btf_kind_operations int_ops = {
.check_meta = btf_int_check_meta,
.resolve = btf_df_resolve,
.check_member = btf_int_check_member,
.check_kflag_member = btf_int_check_kflag_member,
.log_details = btf_int_log,
.seq_show = btf_int_seq_show,
};
static int btf_modifier_check_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type)
{
const struct btf_type *resolved_type;
u32 resolved_type_id = member->type;
struct btf_member resolved_member;
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
resolved_type = btf_type_id_size(btf, &resolved_type_id, NULL);
if (!resolved_type) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Invalid member");
return -EINVAL;
}
resolved_member = *member;
resolved_member.type = resolved_type_id;
return btf_type_ops(resolved_type)->check_member(env, struct_type,
&resolved_member,
resolved_type);
}
static int btf_modifier_check_kflag_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type)
{
const struct btf_type *resolved_type;
u32 resolved_type_id = member->type;
struct btf_member resolved_member;
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
resolved_type = btf_type_id_size(btf, &resolved_type_id, NULL);
if (!resolved_type) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Invalid member");
return -EINVAL;
}
resolved_member = *member;
resolved_member.type = resolved_type_id;
return btf_type_ops(resolved_type)->check_kflag_member(env, struct_type,
&resolved_member,
resolved_type);
}
static int btf_ptr_check_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type)
{
u32 struct_size, struct_bits_off, bytes_offset;
struct_size = struct_type->size;
struct_bits_off = member->offset;
bytes_offset = BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(struct_bits_off);
if (BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(struct_bits_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Member is not byte aligned");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (struct_size - bytes_offset < sizeof(void *)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Member exceeds struct_size");
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
static int btf_ref_type_check_meta(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t,
u32 meta_left)
{
if (btf_type_vlen(t)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "vlen != 0");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (btf_type_kflag(t)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid btf_info kind_flag");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!BTF_TYPE_ID_VALID(t->type)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid type_id");
return -EINVAL;
}
/* typedef type must have a valid name, and other ref types,
* volatile, const, restrict, should have a null name.
*/
if (BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info) == BTF_KIND_TYPEDEF) {
if (!t->name_off ||
!btf_name_valid_identifier(env->btf, t->name_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid name");
return -EINVAL;
}
} else {
if (t->name_off) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid name");
return -EINVAL;
}
}
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, NULL);
return 0;
}
static int btf_modifier_resolve(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct resolve_vertex *v)
{
const struct btf_type *t = v->t;
const struct btf_type *next_type;
u32 next_type_id = t->type;
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
u32 next_type_size = 0;
next_type = btf_type_by_id(btf, next_type_id);
if (!next_type) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, v->t, "Invalid type_id");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!env_type_is_resolve_sink(env, next_type) &&
!env_type_is_resolved(env, next_type_id))
return env_stack_push(env, next_type, next_type_id);
/* Figure out the resolved next_type_id with size.
* They will be stored in the current modifier's
* resolved_ids and resolved_sizes such that it can
* save us a few type-following when we use it later (e.g. in
* pretty print).
*/
if (!btf_type_id_size(btf, &next_type_id, &next_type_size)) {
if (env_type_is_resolved(env, next_type_id))
next_type = btf_type_id_resolve(btf, &next_type_id);
/* "typedef void new_void", "const void"...etc */
if (!btf_type_is_void(next_type) &&
!btf_type_is_fwd(next_type)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, v->t, "Invalid type_id");
return -EINVAL;
}
}
env_stack_pop_resolved(env, next_type_id, next_type_size);
return 0;
}
static int btf_ptr_resolve(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct resolve_vertex *v)
{
const struct btf_type *next_type;
const struct btf_type *t = v->t;
u32 next_type_id = t->type;
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
next_type = btf_type_by_id(btf, next_type_id);
if (!next_type) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, v->t, "Invalid type_id");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!env_type_is_resolve_sink(env, next_type) &&
!env_type_is_resolved(env, next_type_id))
return env_stack_push(env, next_type, next_type_id);
/* If the modifier was RESOLVED during RESOLVE_STRUCT_OR_ARRAY,
* the modifier may have stopped resolving when it was resolved
* to a ptr (last-resolved-ptr).
*
* We now need to continue from the last-resolved-ptr to
* ensure the last-resolved-ptr will not referring back to
* the currenct ptr (t).
*/
if (btf_type_is_modifier(next_type)) {
const struct btf_type *resolved_type;
u32 resolved_type_id;
resolved_type_id = next_type_id;
resolved_type = btf_type_id_resolve(btf, &resolved_type_id);
if (btf_type_is_ptr(resolved_type) &&
!env_type_is_resolve_sink(env, resolved_type) &&
!env_type_is_resolved(env, resolved_type_id))
return env_stack_push(env, resolved_type,
resolved_type_id);
}
if (!btf_type_id_size(btf, &next_type_id, NULL)) {
if (env_type_is_resolved(env, next_type_id))
next_type = btf_type_id_resolve(btf, &next_type_id);
if (!btf_type_is_void(next_type) &&
!btf_type_is_fwd(next_type) &&
!btf_type_is_func_proto(next_type)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, v->t, "Invalid type_id");
return -EINVAL;
}
}
env_stack_pop_resolved(env, next_type_id, 0);
return 0;
}
static void btf_modifier_seq_show(const struct btf *btf,
const struct btf_type *t,
u32 type_id, void *data,
u8 bits_offset, struct seq_file *m)
{
t = btf_type_id_resolve(btf, &type_id);
btf_type_ops(t)->seq_show(btf, t, type_id, data, bits_offset, m);
}
static void btf_ptr_seq_show(const struct btf *btf, const struct btf_type *t,
u32 type_id, void *data, u8 bits_offset,
struct seq_file *m)
{
/* It is a hashed value */
seq_printf(m, "%p", *(void **)data);
}
static void btf_ref_type_log(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t)
{
btf_verifier_log(env, "type_id=%u", t->type);
}
static struct btf_kind_operations modifier_ops = {
.check_meta = btf_ref_type_check_meta,
.resolve = btf_modifier_resolve,
.check_member = btf_modifier_check_member,
.check_kflag_member = btf_modifier_check_kflag_member,
.log_details = btf_ref_type_log,
.seq_show = btf_modifier_seq_show,
};
static struct btf_kind_operations ptr_ops = {
.check_meta = btf_ref_type_check_meta,
.resolve = btf_ptr_resolve,
.check_member = btf_ptr_check_member,
.check_kflag_member = btf_generic_check_kflag_member,
.log_details = btf_ref_type_log,
.seq_show = btf_ptr_seq_show,
};
static s32 btf_fwd_check_meta(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t,
u32 meta_left)
{
if (btf_type_vlen(t)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "vlen != 0");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (t->type) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "type != 0");
return -EINVAL;
}
/* fwd type must have a valid name */
if (!t->name_off ||
!btf_name_valid_identifier(env->btf, t->name_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid name");
return -EINVAL;
}
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, NULL);
return 0;
}
static void btf_fwd_type_log(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t)
{
btf_verifier_log(env, "%s", btf_type_kflag(t) ? "union" : "struct");
}
static struct btf_kind_operations fwd_ops = {
.check_meta = btf_fwd_check_meta,
.resolve = btf_df_resolve,
.check_member = btf_df_check_member,
.check_kflag_member = btf_df_check_kflag_member,
.log_details = btf_fwd_type_log,
.seq_show = btf_df_seq_show,
};
static int btf_array_check_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type)
{
u32 struct_bits_off = member->offset;
u32 struct_size, bytes_offset;
u32 array_type_id, array_size;
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
if (BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(struct_bits_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Member is not byte aligned");
return -EINVAL;
}
array_type_id = member->type;
btf_type_id_size(btf, &array_type_id, &array_size);
struct_size = struct_type->size;
bytes_offset = BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(struct_bits_off);
if (struct_size - bytes_offset < array_size) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Member exceeds struct_size");
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
static s32 btf_array_check_meta(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t,
u32 meta_left)
{
const struct btf_array *array = btf_type_array(t);
u32 meta_needed = sizeof(*array);
if (meta_left < meta_needed) {
btf_verifier_log_basic(env, t,
"meta_left:%u meta_needed:%u",
meta_left, meta_needed);
return -EINVAL;
}
/* array type should not have a name */
if (t->name_off) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid name");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (btf_type_vlen(t)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "vlen != 0");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (btf_type_kflag(t)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid btf_info kind_flag");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (t->size) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "size != 0");
return -EINVAL;
}
/* Array elem type and index type cannot be in type void,
* so !array->type and !array->index_type are not allowed.
*/
if (!array->type || !BTF_TYPE_ID_VALID(array->type)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid elem");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!array->index_type || !BTF_TYPE_ID_VALID(array->index_type)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid index");
return -EINVAL;
}
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, NULL);
return meta_needed;
}
static int btf_array_resolve(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct resolve_vertex *v)
{
const struct btf_array *array = btf_type_array(v->t);
const struct btf_type *elem_type, *index_type;
u32 elem_type_id, index_type_id;
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
u32 elem_size;
/* Check array->index_type */
index_type_id = array->index_type;
index_type = btf_type_by_id(btf, index_type_id);
if (btf_type_nosize_or_null(index_type)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, v->t, "Invalid index");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!env_type_is_resolve_sink(env, index_type) &&
!env_type_is_resolved(env, index_type_id))
return env_stack_push(env, index_type, index_type_id);
index_type = btf_type_id_size(btf, &index_type_id, NULL);
if (!index_type || !btf_type_is_int(index_type) ||
!btf_type_int_is_regular(index_type)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, v->t, "Invalid index");
return -EINVAL;
}
/* Check array->type */
elem_type_id = array->type;
elem_type = btf_type_by_id(btf, elem_type_id);
if (btf_type_nosize_or_null(elem_type)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, v->t,
"Invalid elem");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!env_type_is_resolve_sink(env, elem_type) &&
!env_type_is_resolved(env, elem_type_id))
return env_stack_push(env, elem_type, elem_type_id);
elem_type = btf_type_id_size(btf, &elem_type_id, &elem_size);
if (!elem_type) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, v->t, "Invalid elem");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (btf_type_is_int(elem_type) && !btf_type_int_is_regular(elem_type)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, v->t, "Invalid array of int");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (array->nelems && elem_size > U32_MAX / array->nelems) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, v->t,
"Array size overflows U32_MAX");
return -EINVAL;
}
env_stack_pop_resolved(env, elem_type_id, elem_size * array->nelems);
return 0;
}
static void btf_array_log(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t)
{
const struct btf_array *array = btf_type_array(t);
btf_verifier_log(env, "type_id=%u index_type_id=%u nr_elems=%u",
array->type, array->index_type, array->nelems);
}
static void btf_array_seq_show(const struct btf *btf, const struct btf_type *t,
u32 type_id, void *data, u8 bits_offset,
struct seq_file *m)
{
const struct btf_array *array = btf_type_array(t);
const struct btf_kind_operations *elem_ops;
const struct btf_type *elem_type;
u32 i, elem_size, elem_type_id;
elem_type_id = array->type;
elem_type = btf_type_id_size(btf, &elem_type_id, &elem_size);
elem_ops = btf_type_ops(elem_type);
seq_puts(m, "[");
for (i = 0; i < array->nelems; i++) {
if (i)
seq_puts(m, ",");
elem_ops->seq_show(btf, elem_type, elem_type_id, data,
bits_offset, m);
data += elem_size;
}
seq_puts(m, "]");
}
static struct btf_kind_operations array_ops = {
.check_meta = btf_array_check_meta,
.resolve = btf_array_resolve,
.check_member = btf_array_check_member,
.check_kflag_member = btf_generic_check_kflag_member,
.log_details = btf_array_log,
.seq_show = btf_array_seq_show,
};
static int btf_struct_check_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type)
{
u32 struct_bits_off = member->offset;
u32 struct_size, bytes_offset;
if (BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(struct_bits_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Member is not byte aligned");
return -EINVAL;
}
struct_size = struct_type->size;
bytes_offset = BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(struct_bits_off);
if (struct_size - bytes_offset < member_type->size) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Member exceeds struct_size");
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
static s32 btf_struct_check_meta(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t,
u32 meta_left)
{
bool is_union = BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info) == BTF_KIND_UNION;
const struct btf_member *member;
u32 meta_needed, last_offset;
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
u32 struct_size = t->size;
u32 offset;
u16 i;
meta_needed = btf_type_vlen(t) * sizeof(*member);
if (meta_left < meta_needed) {
btf_verifier_log_basic(env, t,
"meta_left:%u meta_needed:%u",
meta_left, meta_needed);
return -EINVAL;
}
/* struct type either no name or a valid one */
if (t->name_off &&
!btf_name_valid_identifier(env->btf, t->name_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid name");
return -EINVAL;
}
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, NULL);
last_offset = 0;
for_each_member(i, t, member) {
if (!btf_name_offset_valid(btf, member->name_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, t, member,
"Invalid member name_offset:%u",
member->name_off);
return -EINVAL;
}
/* struct member either no name or a valid one */
if (member->name_off &&
!btf_name_valid_identifier(btf, member->name_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, t, member, "Invalid name");
return -EINVAL;
}
/* A member cannot be in type void */
if (!member->type || !BTF_TYPE_ID_VALID(member->type)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, t, member,
"Invalid type_id");
return -EINVAL;
}
offset = btf_member_bit_offset(t, member);
if (is_union && offset) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, t, member,
"Invalid member bits_offset");
return -EINVAL;
}
/*
* ">" instead of ">=" because the last member could be
* "char a[0];"
*/
if (last_offset > offset) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, t, member,
"Invalid member bits_offset");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(offset) > struct_size) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, t, member,
"Member bits_offset exceeds its struct size");
return -EINVAL;
}
btf_verifier_log_member(env, t, member, NULL);
last_offset = offset;
}
return meta_needed;
}
static int btf_struct_resolve(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct resolve_vertex *v)
{
const struct btf_member *member;
int err;
u16 i;
/* Before continue resolving the next_member,
* ensure the last member is indeed resolved to a
* type with size info.
*/
if (v->next_member) {
const struct btf_type *last_member_type;
const struct btf_member *last_member;
u16 last_member_type_id;
last_member = btf_type_member(v->t) + v->next_member - 1;
last_member_type_id = last_member->type;
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!env_type_is_resolved(env,
last_member_type_id)))
return -EINVAL;
last_member_type = btf_type_by_id(env->btf,
last_member_type_id);
if (btf_type_kflag(v->t))
err = btf_type_ops(last_member_type)->check_kflag_member(env, v->t,
last_member,
last_member_type);
else
err = btf_type_ops(last_member_type)->check_member(env, v->t,
last_member,
last_member_type);
if (err)
return err;
}
for_each_member_from(i, v->next_member, v->t, member) {
u32 member_type_id = member->type;
const struct btf_type *member_type = btf_type_by_id(env->btf,
member_type_id);
if (btf_type_nosize_or_null(member_type)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, v->t, member,
"Invalid member");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!env_type_is_resolve_sink(env, member_type) &&
!env_type_is_resolved(env, member_type_id)) {
env_stack_set_next_member(env, i + 1);
return env_stack_push(env, member_type, member_type_id);
}
if (btf_type_kflag(v->t))
err = btf_type_ops(member_type)->check_kflag_member(env, v->t,
member,
member_type);
else
err = btf_type_ops(member_type)->check_member(env, v->t,
member,
member_type);
if (err)
return err;
}
env_stack_pop_resolved(env, 0, 0);
return 0;
}
static void btf_struct_log(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t)
{
btf_verifier_log(env, "size=%u vlen=%u", t->size, btf_type_vlen(t));
}
static void btf_struct_seq_show(const struct btf *btf, const struct btf_type *t,
u32 type_id, void *data, u8 bits_offset,
struct seq_file *m)
{
const char *seq = BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info) == BTF_KIND_UNION ? "|" : ",";
const struct btf_member *member;
u32 i;
seq_puts(m, "{");
for_each_member(i, t, member) {
const struct btf_type *member_type = btf_type_by_id(btf,
member->type);
const struct btf_kind_operations *ops;
u32 member_offset, bitfield_size;
u32 bytes_offset;
u8 bits8_offset;
if (i)
seq_puts(m, seq);
member_offset = btf_member_bit_offset(t, member);
bitfield_size = btf_member_bitfield_size(t, member);
bytes_offset = BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(member_offset);
bits8_offset = BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(member_offset);
if (bitfield_size) {
btf_bitfield_seq_show(data + bytes_offset, bits8_offset,
bitfield_size, m);
} else {
ops = btf_type_ops(member_type);
ops->seq_show(btf, member_type, member->type,
data + bytes_offset, bits8_offset, m);
}
}
seq_puts(m, "}");
}
static struct btf_kind_operations struct_ops = {
.check_meta = btf_struct_check_meta,
.resolve = btf_struct_resolve,
.check_member = btf_struct_check_member,
.check_kflag_member = btf_generic_check_kflag_member,
.log_details = btf_struct_log,
.seq_show = btf_struct_seq_show,
};
static int btf_enum_check_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type)
{
u32 struct_bits_off = member->offset;
u32 struct_size, bytes_offset;
if (BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(struct_bits_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Member is not byte aligned");
return -EINVAL;
}
struct_size = struct_type->size;
bytes_offset = BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(struct_bits_off);
if (struct_size - bytes_offset < sizeof(int)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Member exceeds struct_size");
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
static int btf_enum_check_kflag_member(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *struct_type,
const struct btf_member *member,
const struct btf_type *member_type)
{
u32 struct_bits_off, nr_bits, bytes_end, struct_size;
u32 int_bitsize = sizeof(int) * BITS_PER_BYTE;
struct_bits_off = BTF_MEMBER_BIT_OFFSET(member->offset);
nr_bits = BTF_MEMBER_BITFIELD_SIZE(member->offset);
if (!nr_bits) {
if (BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(struct_bits_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Member is not byte aligned");
return -EINVAL;
}
nr_bits = int_bitsize;
} else if (nr_bits > int_bitsize) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Invalid member bitfield_size");
return -EINVAL;
}
struct_size = struct_type->size;
bytes_end = BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(struct_bits_off + nr_bits);
if (struct_size < bytes_end) {
btf_verifier_log_member(env, struct_type, member,
"Member exceeds struct_size");
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
static s32 btf_enum_check_meta(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t,
u32 meta_left)
{
const struct btf_enum *enums = btf_type_enum(t);
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
u16 i, nr_enums;
u32 meta_needed;
nr_enums = btf_type_vlen(t);
meta_needed = nr_enums * sizeof(*enums);
if (meta_left < meta_needed) {
btf_verifier_log_basic(env, t,
"meta_left:%u meta_needed:%u",
meta_left, meta_needed);
return -EINVAL;
}
if (btf_type_kflag(t)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid btf_info kind_flag");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (t->size != sizeof(int)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Expected size:%zu",
sizeof(int));
return -EINVAL;
}
/* enum type either no name or a valid one */
if (t->name_off &&
!btf_name_valid_identifier(env->btf, t->name_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid name");
return -EINVAL;
}
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, NULL);
for (i = 0; i < nr_enums; i++) {
if (!btf_name_offset_valid(btf, enums[i].name_off)) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "\tInvalid name_offset:%u",
enums[i].name_off);
return -EINVAL;
}
/* enum member must have a valid name */
if (!enums[i].name_off ||
!btf_name_valid_identifier(btf, enums[i].name_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid name");
return -EINVAL;
}
btf_verifier_log(env, "\t%s val=%d\n",
__btf_name_by_offset(btf, enums[i].name_off),
enums[i].val);
}
return meta_needed;
}
static void btf_enum_log(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t)
{
btf_verifier_log(env, "size=%u vlen=%u", t->size, btf_type_vlen(t));
}
static void btf_enum_seq_show(const struct btf *btf, const struct btf_type *t,
u32 type_id, void *data, u8 bits_offset,
struct seq_file *m)
{
const struct btf_enum *enums = btf_type_enum(t);
u32 i, nr_enums = btf_type_vlen(t);
int v = *(int *)data;
for (i = 0; i < nr_enums; i++) {
if (v == enums[i].val) {
seq_printf(m, "%s",
__btf_name_by_offset(btf,
enums[i].name_off));
return;
}
}
seq_printf(m, "%d", v);
}
static struct btf_kind_operations enum_ops = {
.check_meta = btf_enum_check_meta,
.resolve = btf_df_resolve,
.check_member = btf_enum_check_member,
.check_kflag_member = btf_enum_check_kflag_member,
.log_details = btf_enum_log,
.seq_show = btf_enum_seq_show,
};
static s32 btf_func_proto_check_meta(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t,
u32 meta_left)
{
u32 meta_needed = btf_type_vlen(t) * sizeof(struct btf_param);
if (meta_left < meta_needed) {
btf_verifier_log_basic(env, t,
"meta_left:%u meta_needed:%u",
meta_left, meta_needed);
return -EINVAL;
}
if (t->name_off) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid name");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (btf_type_kflag(t)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid btf_info kind_flag");
return -EINVAL;
}
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, NULL);
return meta_needed;
}
static void btf_func_proto_log(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t)
{
const struct btf_param *args = (const struct btf_param *)(t + 1);
u16 nr_args = btf_type_vlen(t), i;
btf_verifier_log(env, "return=%u args=(", t->type);
if (!nr_args) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "void");
goto done;
}
if (nr_args == 1 && !args[0].type) {
/* Only one vararg */
btf_verifier_log(env, "vararg");
goto done;
}
btf_verifier_log(env, "%u %s", args[0].type,
__btf_name_by_offset(env->btf,
args[0].name_off));
for (i = 1; i < nr_args - 1; i++)
btf_verifier_log(env, ", %u %s", args[i].type,
__btf_name_by_offset(env->btf,
args[i].name_off));
if (nr_args > 1) {
const struct btf_param *last_arg = &args[nr_args - 1];
if (last_arg->type)
btf_verifier_log(env, ", %u %s", last_arg->type,
__btf_name_by_offset(env->btf,
last_arg->name_off));
else
btf_verifier_log(env, ", vararg");
}
done:
btf_verifier_log(env, ")");
}
static struct btf_kind_operations func_proto_ops = {
.check_meta = btf_func_proto_check_meta,
.resolve = btf_df_resolve,
/*
* BTF_KIND_FUNC_PROTO cannot be directly referred by
* a struct's member.
*
* It should be a funciton pointer instead.
* (i.e. struct's member -> BTF_KIND_PTR -> BTF_KIND_FUNC_PROTO)
*
* Hence, there is no btf_func_check_member().
*/
.check_member = btf_df_check_member,
.check_kflag_member = btf_df_check_kflag_member,
.log_details = btf_func_proto_log,
.seq_show = btf_df_seq_show,
};
static s32 btf_func_check_meta(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t,
u32 meta_left)
{
if (!t->name_off ||
!btf_name_valid_identifier(env->btf, t->name_off)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid name");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (btf_type_vlen(t)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "vlen != 0");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (btf_type_kflag(t)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid btf_info kind_flag");
return -EINVAL;
}
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, NULL);
return 0;
}
static struct btf_kind_operations func_ops = {
.check_meta = btf_func_check_meta,
.resolve = btf_df_resolve,
.check_member = btf_df_check_member,
.check_kflag_member = btf_df_check_kflag_member,
.log_details = btf_ref_type_log,
.seq_show = btf_df_seq_show,
};
static int btf_func_proto_check(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t)
{
const struct btf_type *ret_type;
const struct btf_param *args;
const struct btf *btf;
u16 nr_args, i;
int err;
btf = env->btf;
args = (const struct btf_param *)(t + 1);
nr_args = btf_type_vlen(t);
/* Check func return type which could be "void" (t->type == 0) */
if (t->type) {
u32 ret_type_id = t->type;
ret_type = btf_type_by_id(btf, ret_type_id);
if (!ret_type) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid return type");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (btf_type_needs_resolve(ret_type) &&
!env_type_is_resolved(env, ret_type_id)) {
err = btf_resolve(env, ret_type, ret_type_id);
if (err)
return err;
}
/* Ensure the return type is a type that has a size */
if (!btf_type_id_size(btf, &ret_type_id, NULL)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid return type");
return -EINVAL;
}
}
if (!nr_args)
return 0;
/* Last func arg type_id could be 0 if it is a vararg */
if (!args[nr_args - 1].type) {
if (args[nr_args - 1].name_off) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid arg#%u",
nr_args);
return -EINVAL;
}
nr_args--;
}
err = 0;
for (i = 0; i < nr_args; i++) {
const struct btf_type *arg_type;
u32 arg_type_id;
arg_type_id = args[i].type;
arg_type = btf_type_by_id(btf, arg_type_id);
if (!arg_type) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid arg#%u", i + 1);
err = -EINVAL;
break;
}
if (args[i].name_off &&
(!btf_name_offset_valid(btf, args[i].name_off) ||
!btf_name_valid_identifier(btf, args[i].name_off))) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t,
"Invalid arg#%u", i + 1);
err = -EINVAL;
break;
}
if (btf_type_needs_resolve(arg_type) &&
!env_type_is_resolved(env, arg_type_id)) {
err = btf_resolve(env, arg_type, arg_type_id);
if (err)
break;
}
if (!btf_type_id_size(btf, &arg_type_id, NULL)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid arg#%u", i + 1);
err = -EINVAL;
break;
}
}
return err;
}
static int btf_func_check(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t)
{
const struct btf_type *proto_type;
const struct btf_param *args;
const struct btf *btf;
u16 nr_args, i;
btf = env->btf;
proto_type = btf_type_by_id(btf, t->type);
if (!proto_type || !btf_type_is_func_proto(proto_type)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid type_id");
return -EINVAL;
}
args = (const struct btf_param *)(proto_type + 1);
nr_args = btf_type_vlen(proto_type);
for (i = 0; i < nr_args; i++) {
if (!args[i].name_off && args[i].type) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid arg#%u", i + 1);
return -EINVAL;
}
}
return 0;
}
static const struct btf_kind_operations * const kind_ops[NR_BTF_KINDS] = {
[BTF_KIND_INT] = &int_ops,
[BTF_KIND_PTR] = &ptr_ops,
[BTF_KIND_ARRAY] = &array_ops,
[BTF_KIND_STRUCT] = &struct_ops,
[BTF_KIND_UNION] = &struct_ops,
[BTF_KIND_ENUM] = &enum_ops,
[BTF_KIND_FWD] = &fwd_ops,
[BTF_KIND_TYPEDEF] = &modifier_ops,
[BTF_KIND_VOLATILE] = &modifier_ops,
[BTF_KIND_CONST] = &modifier_ops,
[BTF_KIND_RESTRICT] = &modifier_ops,
[BTF_KIND_FUNC] = &func_ops,
[BTF_KIND_FUNC_PROTO] = &func_proto_ops,
};
static s32 btf_check_meta(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t,
u32 meta_left)
{
u32 saved_meta_left = meta_left;
s32 var_meta_size;
if (meta_left < sizeof(*t)) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "[%u] meta_left:%u meta_needed:%zu",
env->log_type_id, meta_left, sizeof(*t));
return -EINVAL;
}
meta_left -= sizeof(*t);
if (t->info & ~BTF_INFO_MASK) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "[%u] Invalid btf_info:%x",
env->log_type_id, t->info);
return -EINVAL;
}
if (BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info) > BTF_KIND_MAX ||
BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info) == BTF_KIND_UNKN) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "[%u] Invalid kind:%u",
env->log_type_id, BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info));
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!btf_name_offset_valid(env->btf, t->name_off)) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "[%u] Invalid name_offset:%u",
env->log_type_id, t->name_off);
return -EINVAL;
}
var_meta_size = btf_type_ops(t)->check_meta(env, t, meta_left);
if (var_meta_size < 0)
return var_meta_size;
meta_left -= var_meta_size;
return saved_meta_left - meta_left;
}
static int btf_check_all_metas(struct btf_verifier_env *env)
{
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
struct btf_header *hdr;
void *cur, *end;
hdr = &btf->hdr;
cur = btf->nohdr_data + hdr->type_off;
end = cur + hdr->type_len;
env->log_type_id = 1;
while (cur < end) {
struct btf_type *t = cur;
s32 meta_size;
meta_size = btf_check_meta(env, t, end - cur);
if (meta_size < 0)
return meta_size;
btf_add_type(env, t);
cur += meta_size;
env->log_type_id++;
}
return 0;
}
static bool btf_resolve_valid(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t,
u32 type_id)
{
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
if (!env_type_is_resolved(env, type_id))
return false;
if (btf_type_is_struct(t))
return !btf->resolved_ids[type_id] &&
!btf->resolved_sizes[type_id];
if (btf_type_is_modifier(t) || btf_type_is_ptr(t)) {
t = btf_type_id_resolve(btf, &type_id);
return t && !btf_type_is_modifier(t);
}
if (btf_type_is_array(t)) {
const struct btf_array *array = btf_type_array(t);
const struct btf_type *elem_type;
u32 elem_type_id = array->type;
u32 elem_size;
elem_type = btf_type_id_size(btf, &elem_type_id, &elem_size);
return elem_type && !btf_type_is_modifier(elem_type) &&
(array->nelems * elem_size ==
btf->resolved_sizes[type_id]);
}
return false;
}
static int btf_resolve(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
const struct btf_type *t, u32 type_id)
{
u32 save_log_type_id = env->log_type_id;
const struct resolve_vertex *v;
int err = 0;
env->resolve_mode = RESOLVE_TBD;
env_stack_push(env, t, type_id);
while (!err && (v = env_stack_peak(env))) {
env->log_type_id = v->type_id;
err = btf_type_ops(v->t)->resolve(env, v);
}
env->log_type_id = type_id;
if (err == -E2BIG) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t,
"Exceeded max resolving depth:%u",
MAX_RESOLVE_DEPTH);
} else if (err == -EEXIST) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Loop detected");
}
/* Final sanity check */
if (!err && !btf_resolve_valid(env, t, type_id)) {
btf_verifier_log_type(env, t, "Invalid resolve state");
err = -EINVAL;
}
env->log_type_id = save_log_type_id;
return err;
}
static int btf_check_all_types(struct btf_verifier_env *env)
{
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
u32 type_id;
int err;
err = env_resolve_init(env);
if (err)
return err;
env->phase++;
for (type_id = 1; type_id <= btf->nr_types; type_id++) {
const struct btf_type *t = btf_type_by_id(btf, type_id);
env->log_type_id = type_id;
if (btf_type_needs_resolve(t) &&
!env_type_is_resolved(env, type_id)) {
err = btf_resolve(env, t, type_id);
if (err)
return err;
}
if (btf_type_is_func_proto(t)) {
err = btf_func_proto_check(env, t);
if (err)
return err;
}
if (btf_type_is_func(t)) {
err = btf_func_check(env, t);
if (err)
return err;
}
}
return 0;
}
static int btf_parse_type_sec(struct btf_verifier_env *env)
{
const struct btf_header *hdr = &env->btf->hdr;
int err;
/* Type section must align to 4 bytes */
if (hdr->type_off & (sizeof(u32) - 1)) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "Unaligned type_off");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!hdr->type_len) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "No type found");
return -EINVAL;
}
err = btf_check_all_metas(env);
if (err)
return err;
return btf_check_all_types(env);
}
static int btf_parse_str_sec(struct btf_verifier_env *env)
{
const struct btf_header *hdr;
struct btf *btf = env->btf;
const char *start, *end;
hdr = &btf->hdr;
start = btf->nohdr_data + hdr->str_off;
end = start + hdr->str_len;
if (end != btf->data + btf->data_size) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "String section is not at the end");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!hdr->str_len || hdr->str_len - 1 > BTF_MAX_NAME_OFFSET ||
start[0] || end[-1]) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "Invalid string section");
return -EINVAL;
}
btf->strings = start;
return 0;
}
static const size_t btf_sec_info_offset[] = {
offsetof(struct btf_header, type_off),
offsetof(struct btf_header, str_off),
};
static int btf_sec_info_cmp(const void *a, const void *b)
{
const struct btf_sec_info *x = a;
const struct btf_sec_info *y = b;
return (int)(x->off - y->off) ? : (int)(x->len - y->len);
}
static int btf_check_sec_info(struct btf_verifier_env *env,
u32 btf_data_size)
{
struct btf_sec_info secs[ARRAY_SIZE(btf_sec_info_offset)];
u32 total, expected_total, i;
const struct btf_header *hdr;
const struct btf *btf;
btf = env->btf;
hdr = &btf->hdr;
/* Populate the secs from hdr */
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(btf_sec_info_offset); i++)
secs[i] = *(struct btf_sec_info *)((void *)hdr +
btf_sec_info_offset[i]);
sort(secs, ARRAY_SIZE(btf_sec_info_offset),
sizeof(struct btf_sec_info), btf_sec_info_cmp, NULL);
/* Check for gaps and overlap among sections */
total = 0;
expected_total = btf_data_size - hdr->hdr_len;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(btf_sec_info_offset); i++) {
if (expected_total < secs[i].off) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "Invalid section offset");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (total < secs[i].off) {
/* gap */
btf_verifier_log(env, "Unsupported section found");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (total > secs[i].off) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "Section overlap found");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (expected_total - total < secs[i].len) {
btf_verifier_log(env,
"Total section length too long");
return -EINVAL;
}
total += secs[i].len;
}
/* There is data other than hdr and known sections */
if (expected_total != total) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "Unsupported section found");
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
static int btf_parse_hdr(struct btf_verifier_env *env)
{
u32 hdr_len, hdr_copy, btf_data_size;
const struct btf_header *hdr;
struct btf *btf;
int err;
btf = env->btf;
btf_data_size = btf->data_size;
if (btf_data_size <
offsetof(struct btf_header, hdr_len) + sizeof(hdr->hdr_len)) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "hdr_len not found");
return -EINVAL;
}
hdr = btf->data;
hdr_len = hdr->hdr_len;
if (btf_data_size < hdr_len) {
btf_verifier_log(env, "btf_header not found");
return -EINVAL;
}
/* Ensure the unsupported header fields are zero */
if (hdr_len > sizeof(btf->hdr)) {
u8 *expected_zero = btf->data + sizeof(