blob: 59499ee0fe6a11850eb851ad829dbb1a1b0d6dbc [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* linux/drivers/char/tty_io.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
*/
/*
* 'tty_io.c' gives an orthogonal feeling to tty's, be they consoles
* or rs-channels. It also implements echoing, cooked mode etc.
*
* Kill-line thanks to John T Kohl, who also corrected VMIN = VTIME = 0.
*
* Modified by Theodore Ts'o, 9/14/92, to dynamically allocate the
* tty_struct and tty_queue structures. Previously there was an array
* of 256 tty_struct's which was statically allocated, and the
* tty_queue structures were allocated at boot time. Both are now
* dynamically allocated only when the tty is open.
*
* Also restructured routines so that there is more of a separation
* between the high-level tty routines (tty_io.c and tty_ioctl.c) and
* the low-level tty routines (serial.c, pty.c, console.c). This
* makes for cleaner and more compact code. -TYT, 9/17/92
*
* Modified by Fred N. van Kempen, 01/29/93, to add line disciplines
* which can be dynamically activated and de-activated by the line
* discipline handling modules (like SLIP).
*
* NOTE: pay no attention to the line discipline code (yet); its
* interface is still subject to change in this version...
* -- TYT, 1/31/92
*
* Added functionality to the OPOST tty handling. No delays, but all
* other bits should be there.
* -- Nick Holloway <alfie@dcs.warwick.ac.uk>, 27th May 1993.
*
* Rewrote canonical mode and added more termios flags.
* -- julian@uhunix.uhcc.hawaii.edu (J. Cowley), 13Jan94
*
* Reorganized FASYNC support so mouse code can share it.
* -- ctm@ardi.com, 9Sep95
*
* New TIOCLINUX variants added.
* -- mj@k332.feld.cvut.cz, 19-Nov-95
*
* Restrict vt switching via ioctl()
* -- grif@cs.ucr.edu, 5-Dec-95
*
* Move console and virtual terminal code to more appropriate files,
* implement CONFIG_VT and generalize console device interface.
* -- Marko Kohtala <Marko.Kohtala@hut.fi>, March 97
*
* Rewrote tty_init_dev and tty_release_dev to eliminate races.
* -- Bill Hawes <whawes@star.net>, June 97
*
* Added devfs support.
* -- C. Scott Ananian <cananian@alumni.princeton.edu>, 13-Jan-1998
*
* Added support for a Unix98-style ptmx device.
* -- C. Scott Ananian <cananian@alumni.princeton.edu>, 14-Jan-1998
*
* Reduced memory usage for older ARM systems
* -- Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>
*
* Move do_SAK() into process context. Less stack use in devfs functions.
* alloc_tty_struct() always uses kmalloc()
* -- Andrew Morton <andrewm@uow.edu.eu> 17Mar01
*/
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/tty_driver.h>
#include <linux/tty_flip.h>
#include <linux/devpts_fs.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/fdtable.h>
#include <linux/console.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/kd.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <linux/kbd_kern.h>
#include <linux/vt_kern.h>
#include <linux/selection.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#undef TTY_DEBUG_HANGUP
#define TTY_PARANOIA_CHECK 1
#define CHECK_TTY_COUNT 1
struct ktermios tty_std_termios = { /* for the benefit of tty drivers */
.c_iflag = ICRNL | IXON,
.c_oflag = OPOST | ONLCR,
.c_cflag = B38400 | CS8 | CREAD | HUPCL,
.c_lflag = ISIG | ICANON | ECHO | ECHOE | ECHOK |
ECHOCTL | ECHOKE | IEXTEN,
.c_cc = INIT_C_CC,
.c_ispeed = 38400,
.c_ospeed = 38400
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_std_termios);
/* This list gets poked at by procfs and various bits of boot up code. This
could do with some rationalisation such as pulling the tty proc function
into this file */
LIST_HEAD(tty_drivers); /* linked list of tty drivers */
/* Mutex to protect creating and releasing a tty. This is shared with
vt.c for deeply disgusting hack reasons */
DEFINE_MUTEX(tty_mutex);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_mutex);
static ssize_t tty_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
static ssize_t tty_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
ssize_t redirected_tty_write(struct file *, const char __user *,
size_t, loff_t *);
static unsigned int tty_poll(struct file *, poll_table *);
static int tty_open(struct inode *, struct file *);
static int tty_release(struct inode *, struct file *);
long tty_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
static long tty_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg);
#else
#define tty_compat_ioctl NULL
#endif
static int tty_fasync(int fd, struct file *filp, int on);
static void release_tty(struct tty_struct *tty, int idx);
static void __proc_set_tty(struct task_struct *tsk, struct tty_struct *tty);
static void proc_set_tty(struct task_struct *tsk, struct tty_struct *tty);
/**
* alloc_tty_struct - allocate a tty object
*
* Return a new empty tty structure. The data fields have not
* been initialized in any way but has been zeroed
*
* Locking: none
*/
struct tty_struct *alloc_tty_struct(void)
{
return kzalloc(sizeof(struct tty_struct), GFP_KERNEL);
}
/**
* free_tty_struct - free a disused tty
* @tty: tty struct to free
*
* Free the write buffers, tty queue and tty memory itself.
*
* Locking: none. Must be called after tty is definitely unused
*/
void free_tty_struct(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
kfree(tty->write_buf);
tty_buffer_free_all(tty);
kfree(tty);
}
#define TTY_NUMBER(tty) ((tty)->index + (tty)->driver->name_base)
/**
* tty_name - return tty naming
* @tty: tty structure
* @buf: buffer for output
*
* Convert a tty structure into a name. The name reflects the kernel
* naming policy and if udev is in use may not reflect user space
*
* Locking: none
*/
char *tty_name(struct tty_struct *tty, char *buf)
{
if (!tty) /* Hmm. NULL pointer. That's fun. */
strcpy(buf, "NULL tty");
else
strcpy(buf, tty->name);
return buf;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_name);
int tty_paranoia_check(struct tty_struct *tty, struct inode *inode,
const char *routine)
{
#ifdef TTY_PARANOIA_CHECK
if (!tty) {
printk(KERN_WARNING
"null TTY for (%d:%d) in %s\n",
imajor(inode), iminor(inode), routine);
return 1;
}
if (tty->magic != TTY_MAGIC) {
printk(KERN_WARNING
"bad magic number for tty struct (%d:%d) in %s\n",
imajor(inode), iminor(inode), routine);
return 1;
}
#endif
return 0;
}
static int check_tty_count(struct tty_struct *tty, const char *routine)
{
#ifdef CHECK_TTY_COUNT
struct list_head *p;
int count = 0;
file_list_lock();
list_for_each(p, &tty->tty_files) {
count++;
}
file_list_unlock();
if (tty->driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY &&
tty->driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_SLAVE &&
tty->link && tty->link->count)
count++;
if (tty->count != count) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "Warning: dev (%s) tty->count(%d) "
"!= #fd's(%d) in %s\n",
tty->name, tty->count, count, routine);
return count;
}
#endif
return 0;
}
/**
* get_tty_driver - find device of a tty
* @dev_t: device identifier
* @index: returns the index of the tty
*
* This routine returns a tty driver structure, given a device number
* and also passes back the index number.
*
* Locking: caller must hold tty_mutex
*/
static struct tty_driver *get_tty_driver(dev_t device, int *index)
{
struct tty_driver *p;
list_for_each_entry(p, &tty_drivers, tty_drivers) {
dev_t base = MKDEV(p->major, p->minor_start);
if (device < base || device >= base + p->num)
continue;
*index = device - base;
return tty_driver_kref_get(p);
}
return NULL;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_CONSOLE_POLL
/**
* tty_find_polling_driver - find device of a polled tty
* @name: name string to match
* @line: pointer to resulting tty line nr
*
* This routine returns a tty driver structure, given a name
* and the condition that the tty driver is capable of polled
* operation.
*/
struct tty_driver *tty_find_polling_driver(char *name, int *line)
{
struct tty_driver *p, *res = NULL;
int tty_line = 0;
int len;
char *str, *stp;
for (str = name; *str; str++)
if ((*str >= '0' && *str <= '9') || *str == ',')
break;
if (!*str)
return NULL;
len = str - name;
tty_line = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 10);
mutex_lock(&tty_mutex);
/* Search through the tty devices to look for a match */
list_for_each_entry(p, &tty_drivers, tty_drivers) {
if (strncmp(name, p->name, len) != 0)
continue;
stp = str;
if (*stp == ',')
stp++;
if (*stp == '\0')
stp = NULL;
if (tty_line >= 0 && tty_line <= p->num && p->ops &&
p->ops->poll_init && !p->ops->poll_init(p, tty_line, stp)) {
res = tty_driver_kref_get(p);
*line = tty_line;
break;
}
}
mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex);
return res;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_find_polling_driver);
#endif
/**
* tty_check_change - check for POSIX terminal changes
* @tty: tty to check
*
* If we try to write to, or set the state of, a terminal and we're
* not in the foreground, send a SIGTTOU. If the signal is blocked or
* ignored, go ahead and perform the operation. (POSIX 7.2)
*
* Locking: ctrl_lock
*/
int tty_check_change(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
unsigned long flags;
int ret = 0;
if (current->signal->tty != tty)
return 0;
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
if (!tty->pgrp) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "tty_check_change: tty->pgrp == NULL!\n");
goto out_unlock;
}
if (task_pgrp(current) == tty->pgrp)
goto out_unlock;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
if (is_ignored(SIGTTOU))
goto out;
if (is_current_pgrp_orphaned()) {
ret = -EIO;
goto out;
}
kill_pgrp(task_pgrp(current), SIGTTOU, 1);
set_thread_flag(TIF_SIGPENDING);
ret = -ERESTARTSYS;
out:
return ret;
out_unlock:
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_check_change);
static ssize_t hung_up_tty_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
return 0;
}
static ssize_t hung_up_tty_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
return -EIO;
}
/* No kernel lock held - none needed ;) */
static unsigned int hung_up_tty_poll(struct file *filp, poll_table *wait)
{
return POLLIN | POLLOUT | POLLERR | POLLHUP | POLLRDNORM | POLLWRNORM;
}
static long hung_up_tty_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg)
{
return cmd == TIOCSPGRP ? -ENOTTY : -EIO;
}
static long hung_up_tty_compat_ioctl(struct file *file,
unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
return cmd == TIOCSPGRP ? -ENOTTY : -EIO;
}
static const struct file_operations tty_fops = {
.llseek = no_llseek,
.read = tty_read,
.write = tty_write,
.poll = tty_poll,
.unlocked_ioctl = tty_ioctl,
.compat_ioctl = tty_compat_ioctl,
.open = tty_open,
.release = tty_release,
.fasync = tty_fasync,
};
static const struct file_operations console_fops = {
.llseek = no_llseek,
.read = tty_read,
.write = redirected_tty_write,
.poll = tty_poll,
.unlocked_ioctl = tty_ioctl,
.compat_ioctl = tty_compat_ioctl,
.open = tty_open,
.release = tty_release,
.fasync = tty_fasync,
};
static const struct file_operations hung_up_tty_fops = {
.llseek = no_llseek,
.read = hung_up_tty_read,
.write = hung_up_tty_write,
.poll = hung_up_tty_poll,
.unlocked_ioctl = hung_up_tty_ioctl,
.compat_ioctl = hung_up_tty_compat_ioctl,
.release = tty_release,
};
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(redirect_lock);
static struct file *redirect;
/**
* tty_wakeup - request more data
* @tty: terminal
*
* Internal and external helper for wakeups of tty. This function
* informs the line discipline if present that the driver is ready
* to receive more output data.
*/
void tty_wakeup(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
struct tty_ldisc *ld;
if (test_bit(TTY_DO_WRITE_WAKEUP, &tty->flags)) {
ld = tty_ldisc_ref(tty);
if (ld) {
if (ld->ops->write_wakeup)
ld->ops->write_wakeup(tty);
tty_ldisc_deref(ld);
}
}
wake_up_interruptible_poll(&tty->write_wait, POLLOUT);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_wakeup);
/**
* do_tty_hangup - actual handler for hangup events
* @work: tty device
*
* This can be called by the "eventd" kernel thread. That is process
* synchronous but doesn't hold any locks, so we need to make sure we
* have the appropriate locks for what we're doing.
*
* The hangup event clears any pending redirections onto the hung up
* device. It ensures future writes will error and it does the needed
* line discipline hangup and signal delivery. The tty object itself
* remains intact.
*
* Locking:
* BKL
* redirect lock for undoing redirection
* file list lock for manipulating list of ttys
* tty_ldisc_lock from called functions
* termios_mutex resetting termios data
* tasklist_lock to walk task list for hangup event
* ->siglock to protect ->signal/->sighand
*/
static void do_tty_hangup(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct tty_struct *tty =
container_of(work, struct tty_struct, hangup_work);
struct file *cons_filp = NULL;
struct file *filp, *f = NULL;
struct task_struct *p;
int closecount = 0, n;
unsigned long flags;
int refs = 0;
if (!tty)
return;
/* inuse_filps is protected by the single kernel lock */
lock_kernel();
spin_lock(&redirect_lock);
if (redirect && redirect->private_data == tty) {
f = redirect;
redirect = NULL;
}
spin_unlock(&redirect_lock);
check_tty_count(tty, "do_tty_hangup");
file_list_lock();
/* This breaks for file handles being sent over AF_UNIX sockets ? */
list_for_each_entry(filp, &tty->tty_files, f_u.fu_list) {
if (filp->f_op->write == redirected_tty_write)
cons_filp = filp;
if (filp->f_op->write != tty_write)
continue;
closecount++;
tty_fasync(-1, filp, 0); /* can't block */
filp->f_op = &hung_up_tty_fops;
}
file_list_unlock();
tty_ldisc_hangup(tty);
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
if (tty->session) {
do_each_pid_task(tty->session, PIDTYPE_SID, p) {
spin_lock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
if (p->signal->tty == tty) {
p->signal->tty = NULL;
/* We defer the dereferences outside fo
the tasklist lock */
refs++;
}
if (!p->signal->leader) {
spin_unlock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
continue;
}
__group_send_sig_info(SIGHUP, SEND_SIG_PRIV, p);
__group_send_sig_info(SIGCONT, SEND_SIG_PRIV, p);
put_pid(p->signal->tty_old_pgrp); /* A noop */
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
if (tty->pgrp)
p->signal->tty_old_pgrp = get_pid(tty->pgrp);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
spin_unlock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
} while_each_pid_task(tty->session, PIDTYPE_SID, p);
}
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
clear_bit(TTY_THROTTLED, &tty->flags);
clear_bit(TTY_PUSH, &tty->flags);
clear_bit(TTY_DO_WRITE_WAKEUP, &tty->flags);
put_pid(tty->session);
put_pid(tty->pgrp);
tty->session = NULL;
tty->pgrp = NULL;
tty->ctrl_status = 0;
set_bit(TTY_HUPPED, &tty->flags);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
/* Account for the p->signal references we killed */
while (refs--)
tty_kref_put(tty);
/*
* If one of the devices matches a console pointer, we
* cannot just call hangup() because that will cause
* tty->count and state->count to go out of sync.
* So we just call close() the right number of times.
*/
if (cons_filp) {
if (tty->ops->close)
for (n = 0; n < closecount; n++)
tty->ops->close(tty, cons_filp);
} else if (tty->ops->hangup)
(tty->ops->hangup)(tty);
/*
* We don't want to have driver/ldisc interactions beyond
* the ones we did here. The driver layer expects no
* calls after ->hangup() from the ldisc side. However we
* can't yet guarantee all that.
*/
set_bit(TTY_HUPPED, &tty->flags);
tty_ldisc_enable(tty);
unlock_kernel();
if (f)
fput(f);
}
/**
* tty_hangup - trigger a hangup event
* @tty: tty to hangup
*
* A carrier loss (virtual or otherwise) has occurred on this like
* schedule a hangup sequence to run after this event.
*/
void tty_hangup(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
#ifdef TTY_DEBUG_HANGUP
char buf[64];
printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s hangup...\n", tty_name(tty, buf));
#endif
schedule_work(&tty->hangup_work);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_hangup);
/**
* tty_vhangup - process vhangup
* @tty: tty to hangup
*
* The user has asked via system call for the terminal to be hung up.
* We do this synchronously so that when the syscall returns the process
* is complete. That guarantee is necessary for security reasons.
*/
void tty_vhangup(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
#ifdef TTY_DEBUG_HANGUP
char buf[64];
printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s vhangup...\n", tty_name(tty, buf));
#endif
do_tty_hangup(&tty->hangup_work);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_vhangup);
/**
* tty_vhangup_self - process vhangup for own ctty
*
* Perform a vhangup on the current controlling tty
*/
void tty_vhangup_self(void)
{
struct tty_struct *tty;
tty = get_current_tty();
if (tty) {
tty_vhangup(tty);
tty_kref_put(tty);
}
}
/**
* tty_hung_up_p - was tty hung up
* @filp: file pointer of tty
*
* Return true if the tty has been subject to a vhangup or a carrier
* loss
*/
int tty_hung_up_p(struct file *filp)
{
return (filp->f_op == &hung_up_tty_fops);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_hung_up_p);
static void session_clear_tty(struct pid *session)
{
struct task_struct *p;
do_each_pid_task(session, PIDTYPE_SID, p) {
proc_clear_tty(p);
} while_each_pid_task(session, PIDTYPE_SID, p);
}
/**
* disassociate_ctty - disconnect controlling tty
* @on_exit: true if exiting so need to "hang up" the session
*
* This function is typically called only by the session leader, when
* it wants to disassociate itself from its controlling tty.
*
* It performs the following functions:
* (1) Sends a SIGHUP and SIGCONT to the foreground process group
* (2) Clears the tty from being controlling the session
* (3) Clears the controlling tty for all processes in the
* session group.
*
* The argument on_exit is set to 1 if called when a process is
* exiting; it is 0 if called by the ioctl TIOCNOTTY.
*
* Locking:
* BKL is taken for hysterical raisins
* tty_mutex is taken to protect tty
* ->siglock is taken to protect ->signal/->sighand
* tasklist_lock is taken to walk process list for sessions
* ->siglock is taken to protect ->signal/->sighand
*/
void disassociate_ctty(int on_exit)
{
struct tty_struct *tty;
struct pid *tty_pgrp = NULL;
tty = get_current_tty();
if (tty) {
tty_pgrp = get_pid(tty->pgrp);
lock_kernel();
if (on_exit && tty->driver->type != TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY)
tty_vhangup(tty);
unlock_kernel();
tty_kref_put(tty);
} else if (on_exit) {
struct pid *old_pgrp;
spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
old_pgrp = current->signal->tty_old_pgrp;
current->signal->tty_old_pgrp = NULL;
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
if (old_pgrp) {
kill_pgrp(old_pgrp, SIGHUP, on_exit);
kill_pgrp(old_pgrp, SIGCONT, on_exit);
put_pid(old_pgrp);
}
return;
}
if (tty_pgrp) {
kill_pgrp(tty_pgrp, SIGHUP, on_exit);
if (!on_exit)
kill_pgrp(tty_pgrp, SIGCONT, on_exit);
put_pid(tty_pgrp);
}
spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
put_pid(current->signal->tty_old_pgrp);
current->signal->tty_old_pgrp = NULL;
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
tty = get_current_tty();
if (tty) {
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
put_pid(tty->session);
put_pid(tty->pgrp);
tty->session = NULL;
tty->pgrp = NULL;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
tty_kref_put(tty);
} else {
#ifdef TTY_DEBUG_HANGUP
printk(KERN_DEBUG "error attempted to write to tty [0x%p]"
" = NULL", tty);
#endif
}
/* Now clear signal->tty under the lock */
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
session_clear_tty(task_session(current));
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
}
/**
*
* no_tty - Ensure the current process does not have a controlling tty
*/
void no_tty(void)
{
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
lock_kernel();
if (tsk->signal->leader)
disassociate_ctty(0);
unlock_kernel();
proc_clear_tty(tsk);
}
/**
* stop_tty - propagate flow control
* @tty: tty to stop
*
* Perform flow control to the driver. For PTY/TTY pairs we
* must also propagate the TIOCKPKT status. May be called
* on an already stopped device and will not re-call the driver
* method.
*
* This functionality is used by both the line disciplines for
* halting incoming flow and by the driver. It may therefore be
* called from any context, may be under the tty atomic_write_lock
* but not always.
*
* Locking:
* Uses the tty control lock internally
*/
void stop_tty(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
if (tty->stopped) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
return;
}
tty->stopped = 1;
if (tty->link && tty->link->packet) {
tty->ctrl_status &= ~TIOCPKT_START;
tty->ctrl_status |= TIOCPKT_STOP;
wake_up_interruptible_poll(&tty->link->read_wait, POLLIN);
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
if (tty->ops->stop)
(tty->ops->stop)(tty);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(stop_tty);
/**
* start_tty - propagate flow control
* @tty: tty to start
*
* Start a tty that has been stopped if at all possible. Perform
* any necessary wakeups and propagate the TIOCPKT status. If this
* is the tty was previous stopped and is being started then the
* driver start method is invoked and the line discipline woken.
*
* Locking:
* ctrl_lock
*/
void start_tty(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
if (!tty->stopped || tty->flow_stopped) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
return;
}
tty->stopped = 0;
if (tty->link && tty->link->packet) {
tty->ctrl_status &= ~TIOCPKT_STOP;
tty->ctrl_status |= TIOCPKT_START;
wake_up_interruptible_poll(&tty->link->read_wait, POLLIN);
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
if (tty->ops->start)
(tty->ops->start)(tty);
/* If we have a running line discipline it may need kicking */
tty_wakeup(tty);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(start_tty);
/**
* tty_read - read method for tty device files
* @file: pointer to tty file
* @buf: user buffer
* @count: size of user buffer
* @ppos: unused
*
* Perform the read system call function on this terminal device. Checks
* for hung up devices before calling the line discipline method.
*
* Locking:
* Locks the line discipline internally while needed. Multiple
* read calls may be outstanding in parallel.
*/
static ssize_t tty_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count,
loff_t *ppos)
{
int i;
struct tty_struct *tty;
struct inode *inode;
struct tty_ldisc *ld;
tty = (struct tty_struct *)file->private_data;
inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, inode, "tty_read"))
return -EIO;
if (!tty || (test_bit(TTY_IO_ERROR, &tty->flags)))
return -EIO;
/* We want to wait for the line discipline to sort out in this
situation */
ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty);
if (ld->ops->read)
i = (ld->ops->read)(tty, file, buf, count);
else
i = -EIO;
tty_ldisc_deref(ld);
if (i > 0)
inode->i_atime = current_fs_time(inode->i_sb);
return i;
}
void tty_write_unlock(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
mutex_unlock(&tty->atomic_write_lock);
wake_up_interruptible_poll(&tty->write_wait, POLLOUT);
}
int tty_write_lock(struct tty_struct *tty, int ndelay)
{
if (!mutex_trylock(&tty->atomic_write_lock)) {
if (ndelay)
return -EAGAIN;
if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&tty->atomic_write_lock))
return -ERESTARTSYS;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Split writes up in sane blocksizes to avoid
* denial-of-service type attacks
*/
static inline ssize_t do_tty_write(
ssize_t (*write)(struct tty_struct *, struct file *, const unsigned char *, size_t),
struct tty_struct *tty,
struct file *file,
const char __user *buf,
size_t count)
{
ssize_t ret, written = 0;
unsigned int chunk;
ret = tty_write_lock(tty, file->f_flags & O_NDELAY);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
/*
* We chunk up writes into a temporary buffer. This
* simplifies low-level drivers immensely, since they
* don't have locking issues and user mode accesses.
*
* But if TTY_NO_WRITE_SPLIT is set, we should use a
* big chunk-size..
*
* The default chunk-size is 2kB, because the NTTY
* layer has problems with bigger chunks. It will
* claim to be able to handle more characters than
* it actually does.
*
* FIXME: This can probably go away now except that 64K chunks
* are too likely to fail unless switched to vmalloc...
*/
chunk = 2048;
if (test_bit(TTY_NO_WRITE_SPLIT, &tty->flags))
chunk = 65536;
if (count < chunk)
chunk = count;
/* write_buf/write_cnt is protected by the atomic_write_lock mutex */
if (tty->write_cnt < chunk) {
unsigned char *buf_chunk;
if (chunk < 1024)
chunk = 1024;
buf_chunk = kmalloc(chunk, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!buf_chunk) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
kfree(tty->write_buf);
tty->write_cnt = chunk;
tty->write_buf = buf_chunk;
}
/* Do the write .. */
for (;;) {
size_t size = count;
if (size > chunk)
size = chunk;
ret = -EFAULT;
if (copy_from_user(tty->write_buf, buf, size))
break;
ret = write(tty, file, tty->write_buf, size);
if (ret <= 0)
break;
written += ret;
buf += ret;
count -= ret;
if (!count)
break;
ret = -ERESTARTSYS;
if (signal_pending(current))
break;
cond_resched();
}
if (written) {
struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
inode->i_mtime = current_fs_time(inode->i_sb);
ret = written;
}
out:
tty_write_unlock(tty);
return ret;
}
/**
* tty_write_message - write a message to a certain tty, not just the console.
* @tty: the destination tty_struct
* @msg: the message to write
*
* This is used for messages that need to be redirected to a specific tty.
* We don't put it into the syslog queue right now maybe in the future if
* really needed.
*
* We must still hold the BKL and test the CLOSING flag for the moment.
*/
void tty_write_message(struct tty_struct *tty, char *msg)
{
lock_kernel();
if (tty) {
mutex_lock(&tty->atomic_write_lock);
if (tty->ops->write && !test_bit(TTY_CLOSING, &tty->flags))
tty->ops->write(tty, msg, strlen(msg));
tty_write_unlock(tty);
}
unlock_kernel();
return;
}
/**
* tty_write - write method for tty device file
* @file: tty file pointer
* @buf: user data to write
* @count: bytes to write
* @ppos: unused
*
* Write data to a tty device via the line discipline.
*
* Locking:
* Locks the line discipline as required
* Writes to the tty driver are serialized by the atomic_write_lock
* and are then processed in chunks to the device. The line discipline
* write method will not be invoked in parallel for each device.
*/
static ssize_t tty_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct tty_struct *tty;
struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
ssize_t ret;
struct tty_ldisc *ld;
tty = (struct tty_struct *)file->private_data;
if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, inode, "tty_write"))
return -EIO;
if (!tty || !tty->ops->write ||
(test_bit(TTY_IO_ERROR, &tty->flags)))
return -EIO;
/* Short term debug to catch buggy drivers */
if (tty->ops->write_room == NULL)
printk(KERN_ERR "tty driver %s lacks a write_room method.\n",
tty->driver->name);
ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty);
if (!ld->ops->write)
ret = -EIO;
else
ret = do_tty_write(ld->ops->write, tty, file, buf, count);
tty_ldisc_deref(ld);
return ret;
}
ssize_t redirected_tty_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct file *p = NULL;
spin_lock(&redirect_lock);
if (redirect) {
get_file(redirect);
p = redirect;
}
spin_unlock(&redirect_lock);
if (p) {
ssize_t res;
res = vfs_write(p, buf, count, &p->f_pos);
fput(p);
return res;
}
return tty_write(file, buf, count, ppos);
}
static char ptychar[] = "pqrstuvwxyzabcde";
/**
* pty_line_name - generate name for a pty
* @driver: the tty driver in use
* @index: the minor number
* @p: output buffer of at least 6 bytes
*
* Generate a name from a driver reference and write it to the output
* buffer.
*
* Locking: None
*/
static void pty_line_name(struct tty_driver *driver, int index, char *p)
{
int i = index + driver->name_base;
/* ->name is initialized to "ttyp", but "tty" is expected */
sprintf(p, "%s%c%x",
driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_SLAVE ? "tty" : driver->name,
ptychar[i >> 4 & 0xf], i & 0xf);
}
/**
* tty_line_name - generate name for a tty
* @driver: the tty driver in use
* @index: the minor number
* @p: output buffer of at least 7 bytes
*
* Generate a name from a driver reference and write it to the output
* buffer.
*
* Locking: None
*/
static void tty_line_name(struct tty_driver *driver, int index, char *p)
{
sprintf(p, "%s%d", driver->name, index + driver->name_base);
}
/**
* tty_driver_lookup_tty() - find an existing tty, if any
* @driver: the driver for the tty
* @idx: the minor number
*
* Return the tty, if found or ERR_PTR() otherwise.
*
* Locking: tty_mutex must be held. If tty is found, the mutex must
* be held until the 'fast-open' is also done. Will change once we
* have refcounting in the driver and per driver locking
*/
static struct tty_struct *tty_driver_lookup_tty(struct tty_driver *driver,
struct inode *inode, int idx)
{
struct tty_struct *tty;
if (driver->ops->lookup)
return driver->ops->lookup(driver, inode, idx);
tty = driver->ttys[idx];
return tty;
}
/**
* tty_init_termios - helper for termios setup
* @tty: the tty to set up
*
* Initialise the termios structures for this tty. Thus runs under
* the tty_mutex currently so we can be relaxed about ordering.
*/
int tty_init_termios(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
struct ktermios *tp;
int idx = tty->index;
tp = tty->driver->termios[idx];
if (tp == NULL) {
tp = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ktermios[2]), GFP_KERNEL);
if (tp == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
memcpy(tp, &tty->driver->init_termios,
sizeof(struct ktermios));
tty->driver->termios[idx] = tp;
}
tty->termios = tp;
tty->termios_locked = tp + 1;
/* Compatibility until drivers always set this */
tty->termios->c_ispeed = tty_termios_input_baud_rate(tty->termios);
tty->termios->c_ospeed = tty_termios_baud_rate(tty->termios);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_init_termios);
/**
* tty_driver_install_tty() - install a tty entry in the driver
* @driver: the driver for the tty
* @tty: the tty
*
* Install a tty object into the driver tables. The tty->index field
* will be set by the time this is called. This method is responsible
* for ensuring any need additional structures are allocated and
* configured.
*
* Locking: tty_mutex for now
*/
static int tty_driver_install_tty(struct tty_driver *driver,
struct tty_struct *tty)
{
int idx = tty->index;
if (driver->ops->install)
return driver->ops->install(driver, tty);
if (tty_init_termios(tty) == 0) {
tty_driver_kref_get(driver);
tty->count++;
driver->ttys[idx] = tty;
return 0;
}
return -ENOMEM;
}
/**
* tty_driver_remove_tty() - remove a tty from the driver tables
* @driver: the driver for the tty
* @idx: the minor number
*
* Remvoe a tty object from the driver tables. The tty->index field
* will be set by the time this is called.
*
* Locking: tty_mutex for now
*/
static void tty_driver_remove_tty(struct tty_driver *driver,
struct tty_struct *tty)
{
if (driver->ops->remove)
driver->ops->remove(driver, tty);
else
driver->ttys[tty->index] = NULL;
}
/*
* tty_reopen() - fast re-open of an open tty
* @tty - the tty to open
*
* Return 0 on success, -errno on error.
*
* Locking: tty_mutex must be held from the time the tty was found
* till this open completes.
*/
static int tty_reopen(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
struct tty_driver *driver = tty->driver;
if (test_bit(TTY_CLOSING, &tty->flags))
return -EIO;
if (driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY &&
driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_MASTER) {
/*
* special case for PTY masters: only one open permitted,
* and the slave side open count is incremented as well.
*/
if (tty->count)
return -EIO;
tty->link->count++;
}
tty->count++;
tty->driver = driver; /* N.B. why do this every time?? */
mutex_lock(&tty->ldisc_mutex);
WARN_ON(!test_bit(TTY_LDISC, &tty->flags));
mutex_unlock(&tty->ldisc_mutex);
return 0;
}
/**
* tty_init_dev - initialise a tty device
* @driver: tty driver we are opening a device on
* @idx: device index
* @ret_tty: returned tty structure
* @first_ok: ok to open a new device (used by ptmx)
*
* Prepare a tty device. This may not be a "new" clean device but
* could also be an active device. The pty drivers require special
* handling because of this.
*
* Locking:
* The function is called under the tty_mutex, which
* protects us from the tty struct or driver itself going away.
*
* On exit the tty device has the line discipline attached and
* a reference count of 1. If a pair was created for pty/tty use
* and the other was a pty master then it too has a reference count of 1.
*
* WSH 06/09/97: Rewritten to remove races and properly clean up after a
* failed open. The new code protects the open with a mutex, so it's
* really quite straightforward. The mutex locking can probably be
* relaxed for the (most common) case of reopening a tty.
*/
struct tty_struct *tty_init_dev(struct tty_driver *driver, int idx,
int first_ok)
{
struct tty_struct *tty;
int retval;
/* Check if pty master is being opened multiple times */
if (driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_MASTER &&
(driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_DEVPTS_MEM) && !first_ok)
return ERR_PTR(-EIO);
/*
* First time open is complex, especially for PTY devices.
* This code guarantees that either everything succeeds and the
* TTY is ready for operation, or else the table slots are vacated
* and the allocated memory released. (Except that the termios
* and locked termios may be retained.)
*/
if (!try_module_get(driver->owner))
return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
tty = alloc_tty_struct();
if (!tty)
goto fail_no_mem;
initialize_tty_struct(tty, driver, idx);
retval = tty_driver_install_tty(driver, tty);
if (retval < 0) {
free_tty_struct(tty);
module_put(driver->owner);
return ERR_PTR(retval);
}
/*
* Structures all installed ... call the ldisc open routines.
* If we fail here just call release_tty to clean up. No need
* to decrement the use counts, as release_tty doesn't care.
*/
retval = tty_ldisc_setup(tty, tty->link);
if (retval)
goto release_mem_out;
return tty;
fail_no_mem:
module_put(driver->owner);
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
/* call the tty release_tty routine to clean out this slot */
release_mem_out:
if (printk_ratelimit())
printk(KERN_INFO "tty_init_dev: ldisc open failed, "
"clearing slot %d\n", idx);
release_tty(tty, idx);
return ERR_PTR(retval);
}
void tty_free_termios(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
struct ktermios *tp;
int idx = tty->index;
/* Kill this flag and push into drivers for locking etc */
if (tty->driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_RESET_TERMIOS) {
/* FIXME: Locking on ->termios array */
tp = tty->termios;
tty->driver->termios[idx] = NULL;
kfree(tp);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_free_termios);
void tty_shutdown(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
tty_driver_remove_tty(tty->driver, tty);
tty_free_termios(tty);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_shutdown);
/**
* release_one_tty - release tty structure memory
* @kref: kref of tty we are obliterating
*
* Releases memory associated with a tty structure, and clears out the
* driver table slots. This function is called when a device is no longer
* in use. It also gets called when setup of a device fails.
*
* Locking:
* tty_mutex - sometimes only
* takes the file list lock internally when working on the list
* of ttys that the driver keeps.
*
* This method gets called from a work queue so that the driver private
* cleanup ops can sleep (needed for USB at least)
*/
static void release_one_tty(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct tty_struct *tty =
container_of(work, struct tty_struct, hangup_work);
struct tty_driver *driver = tty->driver;
if (tty->ops->cleanup)
tty->ops->cleanup(tty);
tty->magic = 0;
tty_driver_kref_put(driver);
module_put(driver->owner);
file_list_lock();
list_del_init(&tty->tty_files);
file_list_unlock();
free_tty_struct(tty);
}
static void queue_release_one_tty(struct kref *kref)
{
struct tty_struct *tty = container_of(kref, struct tty_struct, kref);
if (tty->ops->shutdown)
tty->ops->shutdown(tty);
else
tty_shutdown(tty);
/* The hangup queue is now free so we can reuse it rather than
waste a chunk of memory for each port */
INIT_WORK(&tty->hangup_work, release_one_tty);
schedule_work(&tty->hangup_work);
}
/**
* tty_kref_put - release a tty kref
* @tty: tty device
*
* Release a reference to a tty device and if need be let the kref
* layer destruct the object for us
*/
void tty_kref_put(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
if (tty)
kref_put(&tty->kref, queue_release_one_tty);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_kref_put);
/**
* release_tty - release tty structure memory
*
* Release both @tty and a possible linked partner (think pty pair),
* and decrement the refcount of the backing module.
*
* Locking:
* tty_mutex - sometimes only
* takes the file list lock internally when working on the list
* of ttys that the driver keeps.
* FIXME: should we require tty_mutex is held here ??
*
*/
static void release_tty(struct tty_struct *tty, int idx)
{
/* This should always be true but check for the moment */
WARN_ON(tty->index != idx);
if (tty->link)
tty_kref_put(tty->link);
tty_kref_put(tty);
}
/*
* Even releasing the tty structures is a tricky business.. We have
* to be very careful that the structures are all released at the
* same time, as interrupts might otherwise get the wrong pointers.
*
* WSH 09/09/97: rewritten to avoid some nasty race conditions that could
* lead to double frees or releasing memory still in use.
*/
void tty_release_dev(struct file *filp)
{
struct tty_struct *tty, *o_tty;
int pty_master, tty_closing, o_tty_closing, do_sleep;
int devpts;
int idx;
char buf[64];
struct inode *inode;
inode = filp->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
tty = (struct tty_struct *)filp->private_data;
if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, inode, "tty_release_dev"))
return;
check_tty_count(tty, "tty_release_dev");
tty_fasync(-1, filp, 0);
idx = tty->index;
pty_master = (tty->driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY &&
tty->driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_MASTER);
devpts = (tty->driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_DEVPTS_MEM) != 0;
o_tty = tty->link;
#ifdef TTY_PARANOIA_CHECK
if (idx < 0 || idx >= tty->driver->num) {
printk(KERN_DEBUG "tty_release_dev: bad idx when trying to "
"free (%s)\n", tty->name);
return;
}
if (!devpts) {
if (tty != tty->driver->ttys[idx]) {
printk(KERN_DEBUG "tty_release_dev: driver.table[%d] not tty "
"for (%s)\n", idx, tty->name);
return;
}
if (tty->termios != tty->driver->termios[idx]) {
printk(KERN_DEBUG "tty_release_dev: driver.termios[%d] not termios "
"for (%s)\n",
idx, tty->name);
return;
}
}
#endif
#ifdef TTY_DEBUG_HANGUP
printk(KERN_DEBUG "tty_release_dev of %s (tty count=%d)...",
tty_name(tty, buf), tty->count);
#endif
#ifdef TTY_PARANOIA_CHECK
if (tty->driver->other &&
!(tty->driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_DEVPTS_MEM)) {
if (o_tty != tty->driver->other->ttys[idx]) {
printk(KERN_DEBUG "tty_release_dev: other->table[%d] "
"not o_tty for (%s)\n",
idx, tty->name);
return;
}
if (o_tty->termios != tty->driver->other->termios[idx]) {
printk(KERN_DEBUG "tty_release_dev: other->termios[%d] "
"not o_termios for (%s)\n",
idx, tty->name);
return;
}
if (o_tty->link != tty) {
printk(KERN_DEBUG "tty_release_dev: bad pty pointers\n");
return;
}
}
#endif
if (tty->ops->close)
tty->ops->close(tty, filp);
/*
* Sanity check: if tty->count is going to zero, there shouldn't be
* any waiters on tty->read_wait or tty->write_wait. We test the
* wait queues and kick everyone out _before_ actually starting to
* close. This ensures that we won't block while releasing the tty
* structure.
*
* The test for the o_tty closing is necessary, since the master and
* slave sides may close in any order. If the slave side closes out
* first, its count will be one, since the master side holds an open.
* Thus this test wouldn't be triggered at the time the slave closes,
* so we do it now.
*
* Note that it's possible for the tty to be opened again while we're
* flushing out waiters. By recalculating the closing flags before
* each iteration we avoid any problems.
*/
while (1) {
/* Guard against races with tty->count changes elsewhere and
opens on /dev/tty */
mutex_lock(&tty_mutex);
tty_closing = tty->count <= 1;
o_tty_closing = o_tty &&
(o_tty->count <= (pty_master ? 1 : 0));
do_sleep = 0;
if (tty_closing) {
if (waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait)) {
wake_up_poll(&tty->read_wait, POLLIN);
do_sleep++;
}
if (waitqueue_active(&tty->write_wait)) {
wake_up_poll(&tty->write_wait, POLLOUT);
do_sleep++;
}
}
if (o_tty_closing) {
if (waitqueue_active(&o_tty->read_wait)) {
wake_up_poll(&o_tty->read_wait, POLLIN);
do_sleep++;
}
if (waitqueue_active(&o_tty->write_wait)) {
wake_up_poll(&o_tty->write_wait, POLLOUT);
do_sleep++;
}
}
if (!do_sleep)
break;
printk(KERN_WARNING "tty_release_dev: %s: read/write wait queue "
"active!\n", tty_name(tty, buf));
mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex);
schedule();
}
/*
* The closing flags are now consistent with the open counts on
* both sides, and we've completed the last operation that could
* block, so it's safe to proceed with closing.
*/
if (pty_master) {
if (--o_tty->count < 0) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "tty_release_dev: bad pty slave count "
"(%d) for %s\n",
o_tty->count, tty_name(o_tty, buf));
o_tty->count = 0;
}
}
if (--tty->count < 0) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "tty_release_dev: bad tty->count (%d) for %s\n",
tty->count, tty_name(tty, buf));
tty->count = 0;
}
/*
* We've decremented tty->count, so we need to remove this file
* descriptor off the tty->tty_files list; this serves two
* purposes:
* - check_tty_count sees the correct number of file descriptors
* associated with this tty.
* - do_tty_hangup no longer sees this file descriptor as
* something that needs to be handled for hangups.
*/
file_kill(filp);
filp->private_data = NULL;
/*
* Perform some housekeeping before deciding whether to return.
*
* Set the TTY_CLOSING flag if this was the last open. In the
* case of a pty we may have to wait around for the other side
* to close, and TTY_CLOSING makes sure we can't be reopened.
*/
if (tty_closing)
set_bit(TTY_CLOSING, &tty->flags);
if (o_tty_closing)
set_bit(TTY_CLOSING, &o_tty->flags);
/*
* If _either_ side is closing, make sure there aren't any
* processes that still think tty or o_tty is their controlling
* tty.
*/
if (tty_closing || o_tty_closing) {
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
session_clear_tty(tty->session);
if (o_tty)
session_clear_tty(o_tty->session);
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
}
mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex);
/* check whether both sides are closing ... */
if (!tty_closing || (o_tty && !o_tty_closing))
return;
#ifdef TTY_DEBUG_HANGUP
printk(KERN_DEBUG "freeing tty structure...");
#endif
/*
* Ask the line discipline code to release its structures
*/
tty_ldisc_release(tty, o_tty);
/*
* The release_tty function takes care of the details of clearing
* the slots and preserving the termios structure.
*/
release_tty(tty, idx);
/* Make this pty number available for reallocation */
if (devpts)
devpts_kill_index(inode, idx);
}
/**
* __tty_open - open a tty device
* @inode: inode of device file
* @filp: file pointer to tty
*
* tty_open and tty_release keep up the tty count that contains the
* number of opens done on a tty. We cannot use the inode-count, as
* different inodes might point to the same tty.
*
* Open-counting is needed for pty masters, as well as for keeping
* track of serial lines: DTR is dropped when the last close happens.
* (This is not done solely through tty->count, now. - Ted 1/27/92)
*
* The termios state of a pty is reset on first open so that
* settings don't persist across reuse.
*
* Locking: tty_mutex protects tty, get_tty_driver and tty_init_dev work.
* tty->count should protect the rest.
* ->siglock protects ->signal/->sighand
*/
static int __tty_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
struct tty_struct *tty = NULL;
int noctty, retval;
struct tty_driver *driver;
int index;
dev_t device = inode->i_rdev;
unsigned saved_flags = filp->f_flags;
nonseekable_open(inode, filp);
retry_open:
noctty = filp->f_flags & O_NOCTTY;
index = -1;
retval = 0;
mutex_lock(&tty_mutex);
if (device == MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 0)) {
tty = get_current_tty();
if (!tty) {
mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex);
return -ENXIO;
}
driver = tty_driver_kref_get(tty->driver);
index = tty->index;
filp->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK; /* Don't let /dev/tty block */
/* noctty = 1; */
/* FIXME: Should we take a driver reference ? */
tty_kref_put(tty);
goto got_driver;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_VT
if (device == MKDEV(TTY_MAJOR, 0)) {
extern struct tty_driver *console_driver;
driver = tty_driver_kref_get(console_driver);
index = fg_console;
noctty = 1;
goto got_driver;
}
#endif
if (device == MKDEV(TTYAUX_MAJOR, 1)) {
struct tty_driver *console_driver = console_device(&index);
if (console_driver) {
driver = tty_driver_kref_get(console_driver);
if (driver) {
/* Don't let /dev/console block */
filp->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK;
noctty = 1;
goto got_driver;
}
}
mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex);
return -ENODEV;
}
driver = get_tty_driver(device, &index);
if (!driver) {
mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex);
return -ENODEV;
}
got_driver:
if (!tty) {
/* check whether we're reopening an existing tty */
tty = tty_driver_lookup_tty(driver, inode, index);
if (IS_ERR(tty)) {
mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex);
return PTR_ERR(tty);
}
}
if (tty) {
retval = tty_reopen(tty);
if (retval)
tty = ERR_PTR(retval);
} else
tty = tty_init_dev(driver, index, 0);
mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex);
tty_driver_kref_put(driver);
if (IS_ERR(tty))
return PTR_ERR(tty);
filp->private_data = tty;
file_move(filp, &tty->tty_files);
check_tty_count(tty, "tty_open");
if (tty->driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY &&
tty->driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_MASTER)
noctty = 1;
#ifdef TTY_DEBUG_HANGUP
printk(KERN_DEBUG "opening %s...", tty->name);
#endif
if (!retval) {
if (tty->ops->open)
retval = tty->ops->open(tty, filp);
else
retval = -ENODEV;
}
filp->f_flags = saved_flags;
if (!retval && test_bit(TTY_EXCLUSIVE, &tty->flags) &&
!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
retval = -EBUSY;
if (retval) {
#ifdef TTY_DEBUG_HANGUP
printk(KERN_DEBUG "error %d in opening %s...", retval,
tty->name);
#endif
tty_release_dev(filp);
if (retval != -ERESTARTSYS)
return retval;
if (signal_pending(current))
return retval;
schedule();
/*
* Need to reset f_op in case a hangup happened.
*/
if (filp->f_op == &hung_up_tty_fops)
filp->f_op = &tty_fops;
goto retry_open;
}
mutex_lock(&tty_mutex);
spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
if (!noctty &&
current->signal->leader &&
!current->signal->tty &&
tty->session == NULL)
__proc_set_tty(current, tty);
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex);
return 0;
}
/* BKL pushdown: scary code avoidance wrapper */
static int tty_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
int ret;
lock_kernel();
ret = __tty_open(inode, filp);
unlock_kernel();
return ret;
}
/**
* tty_release - vfs callback for close
* @inode: inode of tty
* @filp: file pointer for handle to tty
*
* Called the last time each file handle is closed that references
* this tty. There may however be several such references.
*
* Locking:
* Takes bkl. See tty_release_dev
*/
static int tty_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
lock_kernel();
tty_release_dev(filp);
unlock_kernel();
return 0;
}
/**
* tty_poll - check tty status
* @filp: file being polled
* @wait: poll wait structures to update
*
* Call the line discipline polling method to obtain the poll
* status of the device.
*
* Locking: locks called line discipline but ldisc poll method
* may be re-entered freely by other callers.
*/
static unsigned int tty_poll(struct file *filp, poll_table *wait)
{
struct tty_struct *tty;
struct tty_ldisc *ld;
int ret = 0;
tty = (struct tty_struct *)filp->private_data;
if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, filp->f_path.dentry->d_inode, "tty_poll"))
return 0;
ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty);
if (ld->ops->poll)
ret = (ld->ops->poll)(tty, filp, wait);
tty_ldisc_deref(ld);
return ret;
}
static int tty_fasync(int fd, struct file *filp, int on)
{
struct tty_struct *tty;
unsigned long flags;
int retval = 0;
lock_kernel();
tty = (struct tty_struct *)filp->private_data;
if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, filp->f_path.dentry->d_inode, "tty_fasync"))
goto out;
retval = fasync_helper(fd, filp, on, &tty->fasync);
if (retval <= 0)
goto out;
if (on) {
enum pid_type type;
struct pid *pid;
if (!waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait))
tty->minimum_to_wake = 1;
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
if (tty->pgrp) {
pid = tty->pgrp;
type = PIDTYPE_PGID;
} else {
pid = task_pid(current);
type = PIDTYPE_PID;
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
retval = __f_setown(filp, pid, type, 0);
if (retval)
goto out;
} else {
if (!tty->fasync && !waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait))
tty->minimum_to_wake = N_TTY_BUF_SIZE;
}
retval = 0;
out:
unlock_kernel();
return retval;
}
/**
* tiocsti - fake input character
* @tty: tty to fake input into
* @p: pointer to character
*
* Fake input to a tty device. Does the necessary locking and
* input management.
*
* FIXME: does not honour flow control ??
*
* Locking:
* Called functions take tty_ldisc_lock
* current->signal->tty check is safe without locks
*
* FIXME: may race normal receive processing
*/
static int tiocsti(struct tty_struct *tty, char __user *p)
{
char ch, mbz = 0;
struct tty_ldisc *ld;
if ((current->signal->tty != tty) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
return -EPERM;
if (get_user(ch, p))
return -EFAULT;
tty_audit_tiocsti(tty, ch);
ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty);
ld->ops->receive_buf(tty, &ch, &mbz, 1);
tty_ldisc_deref(ld);
return 0;
}
/**
* tiocgwinsz - implement window query ioctl
* @tty; tty
* @arg: user buffer for result
*
* Copies the kernel idea of the window size into the user buffer.
*
* Locking: tty->termios_mutex is taken to ensure the winsize data
* is consistent.
*/
static int tiocgwinsz(struct tty_struct *tty, struct winsize __user *arg)
{
int err;
mutex_lock(&tty->termios_mutex);
err = copy_to_user(arg, &tty->winsize, sizeof(*arg));
mutex_unlock(&tty->termios_mutex);
return err ? -EFAULT: 0;
}
/**
* tty_do_resize - resize event
* @tty: tty being resized
* @rows: rows (character)
* @cols: cols (character)
*
* Update the termios variables and send the neccessary signals to
* peform a terminal resize correctly
*/
int tty_do_resize(struct tty_struct *tty, struct winsize *ws)
{
struct pid *pgrp;
unsigned long flags;
/* Lock the tty */
mutex_lock(&tty->termios_mutex);
if (!memcmp(ws, &tty->winsize, sizeof(*ws)))
goto done;
/* Get the PID values and reference them so we can
avoid holding the tty ctrl lock while sending signals */
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
pgrp = get_pid(tty->pgrp);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
if (pgrp)
kill_pgrp(pgrp, SIGWINCH, 1);
put_pid(pgrp);
tty->winsize = *ws;
done:
mutex_unlock(&tty->termios_mutex);
return 0;
}
/**
* tiocswinsz - implement window size set ioctl
* @tty; tty side of tty
* @arg: user buffer for result
*
* Copies the user idea of the window size to the kernel. Traditionally
* this is just advisory information but for the Linux console it
* actually has driver level meaning and triggers a VC resize.
*
* Locking:
* Driver dependant. The default do_resize method takes the
* tty termios mutex and ctrl_lock. The console takes its own lock
* then calls into the default method.
*/
static int tiocswinsz(struct tty_struct *tty, struct winsize __user *arg)
{
struct winsize tmp_ws;
if (copy_from_user(&tmp_ws, arg, sizeof(*arg)))
return -EFAULT;
if (tty->ops->resize)
return tty->ops->resize(tty, &tmp_ws);
else
return tty_do_resize(tty, &tmp_ws);
}
/**
* tioccons - allow admin to move logical console
* @file: the file to become console
*
* Allow the adminstrator to move the redirected console device
*
* Locking: uses redirect_lock to guard the redirect information
*/
static int tioccons(struct file *file)
{
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
return -EPERM;
if (file->f_op->write == redirected_tty_write) {
struct file *f;
spin_lock(&redirect_lock);
f = redirect;
redirect = NULL;
spin_unlock(&redirect_lock);
if (f)
fput(f);
return 0;
}
spin_lock(&redirect_lock);
if (redirect) {
spin_unlock(&redirect_lock);
return -EBUSY;
}
get_file(file);
redirect = file;
spin_unlock(&redirect_lock);
return 0;
}
/**
* fionbio - non blocking ioctl
* @file: file to set blocking value
* @p: user parameter
*
* Historical tty interfaces had a blocking control ioctl before
* the generic functionality existed. This piece of history is preserved
* in the expected tty API of posix OS's.
*
* Locking: none, the open file handle ensures it won't go away.
*/
static int fionbio(struct file *file, int __user *p)
{
int nonblock;
if (get_user(nonblock, p))
return -EFAULT;
spin_lock(&file->f_lock);
if (nonblock)
file->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK;
else
file->f_flags &= ~O_NONBLOCK;
spin_unlock(&file->f_lock);
return 0;
}
/**
* tiocsctty - set controlling tty
* @tty: tty structure
* @arg: user argument
*
* This ioctl is used to manage job control. It permits a session
* leader to set this tty as the controlling tty for the session.
*
* Locking:
* Takes tty_mutex() to protect tty instance
* Takes tasklist_lock internally to walk sessions
* Takes ->siglock() when updating signal->tty
*/
static int tiocsctty(struct tty_struct *tty, int arg)
{
int ret = 0;
if (current->signal->leader && (task_session(current) == tty->session))
return ret;
mutex_lock(&tty_mutex);
/*
* The process must be a session leader and
* not have a controlling tty already.
*/
if (!current->signal->leader || current->signal->tty) {
ret = -EPERM;
goto unlock;
}
if (tty->session) {
/*
* This tty is already the controlling
* tty for another session group!
*/
if (arg == 1 && capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
/*
* Steal it away
*/
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
session_clear_tty(tty->session);
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
} else {
ret = -EPERM;
goto unlock;
}
}
proc_set_tty(current, tty);
unlock:
mutex_unlock(&tty_mutex);
return ret;
}
/**
* tty_get_pgrp - return a ref counted pgrp pid
* @tty: tty to read
*
* Returns a refcounted instance of the pid struct for the process
* group controlling the tty.
*/
struct pid *tty_get_pgrp(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
unsigned long flags;
struct pid *pgrp;
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
pgrp = get_pid(tty->pgrp);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
return pgrp;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_get_pgrp);
/**
* tiocgpgrp - get process group
* @tty: tty passed by user
* @real_tty: tty side of the tty pased by the user if a pty else the tty
* @p: returned pid
*
* Obtain the process group of the tty. If there is no process group
* return an error.
*
* Locking: none. Reference to current->signal->tty is safe.
*/
static int tiocgpgrp(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_struct *real_tty, pid_t __user *p)
{
struct pid *pid;
int ret;
/*
* (tty == real_tty) is a cheap way of
* testing if the tty is NOT a master pty.
*/
if (tty == real_tty && current->signal->tty != real_tty)
return -ENOTTY;
pid = tty_get_pgrp(real_tty);
ret = put_user(pid_vnr(pid), p);
put_pid(pid);
return ret;
}
/**
* tiocspgrp - attempt to set process group
* @tty: tty passed by user
* @real_tty: tty side device matching tty passed by user
* @p: pid pointer
*
* Set the process group of the tty to the session passed. Only
* permitted where the tty session is our session.
*
* Locking: RCU, ctrl lock
*/
static int tiocspgrp(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_struct *real_tty, pid_t __user *p)
{
struct pid *pgrp;
pid_t pgrp_nr;
int retval = tty_check_change(real_tty);
unsigned long flags;
if (retval == -EIO)
return -ENOTTY;
if (retval)
return retval;
if (!current->signal->tty ||
(current->signal->tty != real_tty) ||
(real_tty->session != task_session(current)))
return -ENOTTY;
if (get_user(pgrp_nr, p))
return -EFAULT;
if (pgrp_nr < 0)
return -EINVAL;
rcu_read_lock();
pgrp = find_vpid(pgrp_nr);
retval = -ESRCH;
if (!pgrp)
goto out_unlock;
retval = -EPERM;
if (session_of_pgrp(pgrp) != task_session(current))
goto out_unlock;
retval = 0;
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
put_pid(real_tty->pgrp);
real_tty->pgrp = get_pid(pgrp);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
out_unlock:
rcu_read_unlock();
return retval;
}
/**
* tiocgsid - get session id
* @tty: tty passed by user
* @real_tty: tty side of the tty pased by the user if a pty else the tty
* @p: pointer to returned session id
*
* Obtain the session id of the tty. If there is no session
* return an error.
*
* Locking: none. Reference to current->signal->tty is safe.
*/
static int tiocgsid(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_struct *real_tty, pid_t __user *p)
{
/*
* (tty == real_tty) is a cheap way of
* testing if the tty is NOT a master pty.
*/
if (tty == real_tty && current->signal->tty != real_tty)
return -ENOTTY;
if (!real_tty->session)
return -ENOTTY;
return put_user(pid_vnr(real_tty->session), p);
}
/**
* tiocsetd - set line discipline
* @tty: tty device
* @p: pointer to user data
*
* Set the line discipline according to user request.
*
* Locking: see tty_set_ldisc, this function is just a helper
*/
static int tiocsetd(struct tty_struct *tty, int __user *p)
{
int ldisc;
int ret;
if (get_user(ldisc, p))
return -EFAULT;
lock_kernel();
ret = tty_set_ldisc(tty, ldisc);
unlock_kernel();
return ret;
}
/**
* send_break - performed time break
* @tty: device to break on
* @duration: timeout in mS
*
* Perform a timed break on hardware that lacks its own driver level
* timed break functionality.
*
* Locking:
* atomic_write_lock serializes
*
*/
static int send_break(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned int duration)
{
int retval;
if (tty->ops->break_ctl == NULL)
return 0;
if (tty->driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_HARDWARE_BREAK)
retval = tty->ops->break_ctl(tty, duration);
else {
/* Do the work ourselves */
if (tty_write_lock(tty, 0) < 0)
return -EINTR;
retval = tty->ops->break_ctl(tty, -1);
if (retval)
goto out;
if (!signal_pending(current))
msleep_interruptible(duration);
retval = tty->ops->break_ctl(tty, 0);
out:
tty_write_unlock(tty);
if (signal_pending(current))
retval = -EINTR;
}
return retval;
}
/**
* tty_tiocmget - get modem status
* @tty: tty device
* @file: user file pointer
* @p: pointer to result
*
* Obtain the modem status bits from the tty driver if the feature
* is supported. Return -EINVAL if it is not available.
*
* Locking: none (up to the driver)
*/
static int tty_tiocmget(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file, int __user *p)
{
int retval = -EINVAL;
if (tty->ops->tiocmget) {
retval = tty->ops->tiocmget(tty, file);
if (retval >= 0)
retval = put_user(retval, p);
}
return retval;
}
/**
* tty_tiocmset - set modem status
* @tty: tty device
* @file: user file pointer
* @cmd: command - clear bits, set bits or set all
* @p: pointer to desired bits
*
* Set the modem status bits from the tty driver if the feature
* is supported. Return -EINVAL if it is not available.
*
* Locking: none (up to the driver)
*/
static int tty_tiocmset(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned __user *p)
{
int retval;
unsigned int set, clear, val;
if (tty->ops->tiocmset == NULL)
return -EINVAL;
retval = get_user(val, p);
if (retval)
return retval;
set = clear = 0;
switch (cmd) {
case TIOCMBIS:
set = val;
break;
case TIOCMBIC:
clear = val;
break;
case TIOCMSET:
set = val;
clear = ~val;
break;
}
set &= TIOCM_DTR|TIOCM_RTS|TIOCM_OUT1|TIOCM_OUT2|TIOCM_LOOP;
clear &= TIOCM_DTR|TIOCM_RTS|TIOCM_OUT1|TIOCM_OUT2|TIOCM_LOOP;
return tty->ops->tiocmset(tty, file, set, clear);
}
struct tty_struct *tty_pair_get_tty(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
if (tty->driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY &&
tty->driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_MASTER)
tty = tty->link;
return tty;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_pair_get_tty);
struct tty_struct *tty_pair_get_pty(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
if (tty->driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY &&
tty->driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_MASTER)
return tty;
return tty->link;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_pair_get_pty);
/*
* Split this up, as gcc can choke on it otherwise..
*/
long tty_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
struct tty_struct *tty, *real_tty;
void __user *p = (void __user *)arg;
int retval;
struct tty_ldisc *ld;
struct inode *inode = file->f_dentry->d_inode;
tty = (struct tty_struct *)file->private_data;
if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, inode, "tty_ioctl"))
return -EINVAL;
real_tty = tty_pair_get_tty(tty);
/*
* Factor out some common prep work
*/
switch (cmd) {
case TIOCSETD:
case TIOCSBRK:
case TIOCCBRK:
case TCSBRK:
case TCSBRKP:
retval = tty_check_change(tty);
if (retval)
return retval;
if (cmd != TIOCCBRK) {
tty_wait_until_sent(tty, 0);
if (signal_pending(current))
return -EINTR;
}
break;
}
/*
* Now do the stuff.
*/
switch (cmd) {
case TIOCSTI:
return tiocsti(tty, p);
case TIOCGWINSZ:
return tiocgwinsz(real_tty, p);
case TIOCSWINSZ:
return tiocswinsz(real_tty, p);
case TIOCCONS:
return real_tty != tty ? -EINVAL : tioccons(file);
case FIONBIO:
return fionbio(file, p);
case TIOCEXCL:
set_bit(TTY_EXCLUSIVE, &tty->flags);
return 0;
case TIOCNXCL:
clear_bit(TTY_EXCLUSIVE, &tty->flags);
return 0;
case TIOCNOTTY:
if (current->signal->tty != tty)
return -ENOTTY;
no_tty();
return 0;
case TIOCSCTTY:
return tiocsctty(tty, arg);
case TIOCGPGRP:
return tiocgpgrp(tty, real_tty, p);
case TIOCSPGRP:
return tiocspgrp(tty, real_tty, p);
case TIOCGSID:
return tiocgsid(tty, real_tty, p);
case TIOCGETD:
return put_user(tty->ldisc->ops->num, (int __user *)p);
case TIOCSETD:
return tiocsetd(tty, p);
/*
* Break handling
*/
case TIOCSBRK: /* Turn break on, unconditionally */
if (tty->ops->break_ctl)
return tty->ops->break_ctl(tty, -1);
return 0;
case TIOCCBRK: /* Turn break off, unconditionally */
if (tty->ops->break_ctl)
return tty->ops->break_ctl(tty, 0);
return 0;
case TCSBRK: /* SVID version: non-zero arg --> no break */
/* non-zero arg means wait for all output data
* to be sent (performed above) but don't send break.
* This is used by the tcdrain() termios function.
*/
if (!arg)
return send_break(tty, 250);
return 0;
case TCSBRKP: /* support for POSIX tcsendbreak() */
return send_break(tty, arg ? arg*100 : 250);
case TIOCMGET:
return tty_tiocmget(tty, file, p);
case TIOCMSET:
case TIOCMBIC:
case TIOCMBIS:
return tty_tiocmset(tty, file, cmd, p);
case TCFLSH:
switch (arg) {
case TCIFLUSH:
case TCIOFLUSH:
/* flush tty buffer and allow ldisc to process ioctl */
tty_buffer_flush(tty);
break;
}
break;
}
if (tty->ops->ioctl) {
retval = (tty->ops->ioctl)(tty, file, cmd, arg);
if (retval != -ENOIOCTLCMD)
return retval;
}
ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty);
retval = -EINVAL;
if (ld->ops->ioctl) {
retval = ld->ops->ioctl(tty, file, cmd, arg);
if (retval == -ENOIOCTLCMD)
retval = -EINVAL;
}
tty_ldisc_deref(ld);
return retval;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
static long tty_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg)
{
struct inode *inode = file->f_dentry->d_inode;
struct tty_struct *tty = file->private_data;
struct tty_ldisc *ld;
int retval = -ENOIOCTLCMD;
if (tty_paranoia_check(tty, inode, "tty_ioctl"))
return -EINVAL;
if (tty->ops->compat_ioctl) {
retval = (tty->ops->compat_ioctl)(tty, file, cmd, arg);
if (retval != -ENOIOCTLCMD)
return retval;
}
ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty);
if (ld->ops->compat_ioctl)
retval = ld->ops->compat_ioctl(tty, file, cmd, arg);
tty_ldisc_deref(ld);
return retval;
}
#endif
/*
* This implements the "Secure Attention Key" --- the idea is to
* prevent trojan horses by killing all processes associated with this
* tty when the user hits the "Secure Attention Key". Required for
* super-paranoid applications --- see the Orange Book for more details.
*
* This code could be nicer; ideally it should send a HUP, wait a few
* seconds, then send a INT, and then a KILL signal. But you then
* have to coordinate with the init process, since all processes associated
* with the current tty must be dead before the new getty is allowed
* to spawn.
*
* Now, if it would be correct ;-/ The current code has a nasty hole -
* it doesn't catch files in flight. We may send the descriptor to ourselves
* via AF_UNIX socket, close it and later fetch from socket. FIXME.
*
* Nasty bug: do_SAK is being called in interrupt context. This can
* deadlock. We punt it up to process context. AKPM - 16Mar2001
*/
void __do_SAK(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
#ifdef TTY_SOFT_SAK
tty_hangup(tty);
#else
struct task_struct *g, *p;
struct pid *session;
int i;
struct file *filp;
struct fdtable *fdt;
if (!tty)
return;
session = tty->session;
tty_ldisc_flush(tty);
tty_driver_flush_buffer(tty);
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
/* Kill the entire session */
do_each_pid_task(session, PIDTYPE_SID, p) {
printk(KERN_NOTICE "SAK: killed process %d"
" (%s): task_session(p)==tty->session\n",
task_pid_nr(p), p->comm);
send_sig(SIGKILL, p, 1);
} while_each_pid_task(session, PIDTYPE_SID, p);
/* Now kill any processes that happen to have the
* tty open.
*/
do_each_thread(g, p) {
if (p->signal->tty == tty) {
printk(KERN_NOTICE "SAK: killed process %d"
" (%s): task_session(p)==tty->session\n",
task_pid_nr(p), p->comm);
send_sig(SIGKILL, p, 1);
continue;
}
task_lock(p);
if (p->files) {
/*
* We don't take a ref to the file, so we must
* hold ->file_lock instead.
*/
spin_lock(&p->files->file_lock);
fdt = files_fdtable(p->files);
for (i = 0; i < fdt->max_fds; i++) {
filp = fcheck_files(p->files, i);
if (!filp)
continue;
if (filp->f_op->read == tty_read &&
filp->private_data == tty) {
printk(KERN_NOTICE "SAK: killed process %d"
" (%s): fd#%d opened to the tty\n",
task_pid_nr(p), p->comm, i);
force_sig(SIGKILL, p);
break;
}
}
spin_unlock(&p->files->file_lock);
}
task_unlock(p);
} while_each_thread(g, p);
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
#endif
}
static void do_SAK_work(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct tty_struct *tty =
container_of(work, struct tty_struct, SAK_work);
__do_SAK(tty);
}
/*
* The tq handling here is a little racy - tty->SAK_work may already be queued.
* Fortunately we don't need to worry, because if ->SAK_work is already queued,
* the values which we write to it will be identical to the values which it
* already has. --akpm
*/
void do_SAK(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
if (!tty)
return;
schedule_work(&tty->SAK_work);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_SAK);
/**
* initialize_tty_struct
* @tty: tty to initialize
*
* This subroutine initializes a tty structure that has been newly
* allocated.
*
* Locking: none - tty in question must not be exposed at this point
*/
void initialize_tty_struct(struct tty_struct *tty,
struct tty_driver *driver, int idx)
{
memset(tty, 0, sizeof(struct tty_struct));
kref_init(&tty->kref);
tty->magic = TTY_MAGIC;
tty_ldisc_init(tty);
tty->session = NULL;
tty->pgrp = NULL;
tty->overrun_time = jiffies;
tty->buf.head = tty->buf.tail = NULL;
tty_buffer_init(tty);
mutex_init(&tty->termios_mutex);
mutex_init(&tty->ldisc_mutex);
init_waitqueue_head(&tty->write_wait);
init_waitqueue_head(&tty->read_wait);
INIT_WORK(&tty->hangup_work, do_tty_hangup);
mutex_init(&tty->atomic_read_lock);
mutex_init(&tty->atomic_write_lock);
mutex_init(&tty->output_lock);
mutex_init(&tty->echo_lock);
spin_lock_init(&tty->read_lock);
spin_lock_init(&tty->ctrl_lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tty->tty_files);
INIT_WORK(&tty->SAK_work, do_SAK_work);
tty->driver = driver;
tty->ops = driver->ops;
tty->index = idx;
tty_line_name(driver, idx, tty->name);
}
/**
* tty_put_char - write one character to a tty
* @tty: tty
* @ch: character
*
* Write one byte to the tty using the provided put_char method
* if present. Returns the number of characters successfully output.
*
* Note: the specific put_char operation in the driver layer may go
* away soon. Don't call it directly, use this method
*/
int tty_put_char(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned char ch)
{
if (tty->ops->put_char)
return tty->ops->put_char(tty, ch);
return tty->ops->write(tty, &ch, 1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tty_put_char);
struct class *tty_class;
/**
* tty_register_device - register a tty device
* @driver: the tty driver that describes the tty device
* @index: the index in the tty driver for this tty device
* @device: a struct device that is associated with this tty device.
* This field is optional, if there is no known struct device
* for this tty device it can be set to NULL safely.
*
* Returns a pointer to the struct device for this tty device
* (or ERR_PTR(-EFOO) on error).
*
* This call is required to be made to register an individual tty device
* if the tty driver's flags have the TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_DEV bit set. If
* that bit is not set, this function should not be called by a tty
* driver.
*
* Locking: ??
*/
struct device *tty_register_device(struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index,
struct device *device)
{
char name[64];
dev_t dev = MKDEV(driver->major, driver->minor_start) + index;
if (index >= driver->num) {
printk(KERN_ERR "Attempt to register invalid tty line number "
" (%d).\n", index);
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
}
if (driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY)
pty_line_name(driver, index, name);
else
tty_line_name(driver, index, name);
return device_create(tty_class, device, dev, NULL, name);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_register_device);
/**
* tty_unregister_device - unregister a tty device
* @driver: the tty driver that describes the tty device
* @index: the index in the tty driver for this tty device
*
* If a tty device is registered with a call to tty_register_device() then
* this function must be called when the tty device is gone.
*
* Locking: ??
*/
void tty_unregister_device(struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index)
{
device_destroy(tty_class,
MKDEV(driver->major, driver->minor_start) + index);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_unregister_device);
struct tty_driver *alloc_tty_driver(int lines)
{
struct tty_driver *driver;
driver = kzalloc(sizeof(struct tty_driver), GFP_KERNEL);
if (driver) {
kref_init(&driver->kref);
driver->magic = TTY_DRIVER_MAGIC;
driver->num = lines;
/* later we'll move allocation of tables here */
}
return driver;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_tty_driver);
static void destruct_tty_driver(struct kref *kref)
{
struct tty_driver *driver = container_of(kref, struct tty_driver, kref);
int i;
struct ktermios *tp;
void *p;
if (driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_INSTALLED) {
/*
* Free the termios and termios_locked structures because
* we don't want to get memory leaks when modular tty
* drivers are removed from the kernel.
*/
for (i = 0; i < driver->num; i++) {
tp = driver->termios[i];
if (tp) {
driver->termios[i] = NULL;
kfree(tp);
}
if (!(driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_DEV))
tty_unregister_device(driver, i);
}
p = driver->ttys;
proc_tty_unregister_driver(driver);
driver->ttys = NULL;
driver->termios = NULL;
kfree(p);
cdev_del(&driver->cdev);
}
kfree(driver);
}
void tty_driver_kref_put(struct tty_driver *driver)
{
kref_put(&driver->kref, destruct_tty_driver);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_driver_kref_put);
void tty_set_operations(struct tty_driver *driver,
const struct tty_operations *op)
{
driver->ops = op;
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tty_set_operations);
void put_tty_driver(struct tty_driver *d)
{
tty_driver_kref_put(d);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_tty_driver);
/*
* Called by a tty driver to register itself.
*/
int tty_register_driver(struct tty_driver *driver)
{
int error;
int i;
dev_t dev;
void **p = NULL;
if (!(driver->flags & TTY_DRIVER_DEVPTS_MEM) && driver->num) {
p = kzalloc(driver->num * 2 * sizeof(void *), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!p)
return -ENOMEM;
}
if (!driver->major) {
error = alloc_chrdev_region(&dev, driver->minor_start,
driver->num, driver->name);
if (!error) {
driver->major = MAJOR(dev);
driver->minor_start = MINOR(dev);
}
} else {
dev = MKDEV(driver->major, driver->minor_start);
error = register_chrdev_region(dev, driver->num, driver->name);
}
if (error < 0) {
kfree(p);
return error;
}
if (p) {
driver->ttys = (struct tty_struct **)p;
driver->termios = (struct ktermios **)(p + driver->num);<