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/*
* Copyright (c) 2003-2006, Cluster File Systems, Inc, info@clusterfs.com
* Written by Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public Licens
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-
*/
/*
* mballoc.c contains the multiblocks allocation routines
*/
#include "mballoc.h"
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <trace/events/ext4.h>
/*
* MUSTDO:
* - test ext4_ext_search_left() and ext4_ext_search_right()
* - search for metadata in few groups
*
* TODO v4:
* - normalization should take into account whether file is still open
* - discard preallocations if no free space left (policy?)
* - don't normalize tails
* - quota
* - reservation for superuser
*
* TODO v3:
* - bitmap read-ahead (proposed by Oleg Drokin aka green)
* - track min/max extents in each group for better group selection
* - mb_mark_used() may allocate chunk right after splitting buddy
* - tree of groups sorted by number of free blocks
* - error handling
*/
/*
* The allocation request involve request for multiple number of blocks
* near to the goal(block) value specified.
*
* During initialization phase of the allocator we decide to use the
* group preallocation or inode preallocation depending on the size of
* the file. The size of the file could be the resulting file size we
* would have after allocation, or the current file size, which ever
* is larger. If the size is less than sbi->s_mb_stream_request we
* select to use the group preallocation. The default value of
* s_mb_stream_request is 16 blocks. This can also be tuned via
* /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_stream_req. The value is represented in
* terms of number of blocks.
*
* The main motivation for having small file use group preallocation is to
* ensure that we have small files closer together on the disk.
*
* First stage the allocator looks at the inode prealloc list,
* ext4_inode_info->i_prealloc_list, which contains list of prealloc
* spaces for this particular inode. The inode prealloc space is
* represented as:
*
* pa_lstart -> the logical start block for this prealloc space
* pa_pstart -> the physical start block for this prealloc space
* pa_len -> length for this prealloc space
* pa_free -> free space available in this prealloc space
*
* The inode preallocation space is used looking at the _logical_ start
* block. If only the logical file block falls within the range of prealloc
* space we will consume the particular prealloc space. This make sure that
* that the we have contiguous physical blocks representing the file blocks
*
* The important thing to be noted in case of inode prealloc space is that
* we don't modify the values associated to inode prealloc space except
* pa_free.
*
* If we are not able to find blocks in the inode prealloc space and if we
* have the group allocation flag set then we look at the locality group
* prealloc space. These are per CPU prealloc list repreasented as
*
* ext4_sb_info.s_locality_groups[smp_processor_id()]
*
* The reason for having a per cpu locality group is to reduce the contention
* between CPUs. It is possible to get scheduled at this point.
*
* The locality group prealloc space is used looking at whether we have
* enough free space (pa_free) within the prealloc space.
*
* If we can't allocate blocks via inode prealloc or/and locality group
* prealloc then we look at the buddy cache. The buddy cache is represented
* by ext4_sb_info.s_buddy_cache (struct inode) whose file offset gets
* mapped to the buddy and bitmap information regarding different
* groups. The buddy information is attached to buddy cache inode so that
* we can access them through the page cache. The information regarding
* each group is loaded via ext4_mb_load_buddy. The information involve
* block bitmap and buddy information. The information are stored in the
* inode as:
*
* { page }
* [ group 0 bitmap][ group 0 buddy] [group 1][ group 1]...
*
*
* one block each for bitmap and buddy information. So for each group we
* take up 2 blocks. A page can contain blocks_per_page (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE /
* blocksize) blocks. So it can have information regarding groups_per_page
* which is blocks_per_page/2
*
* The buddy cache inode is not stored on disk. The inode is thrown
* away when the filesystem is unmounted.
*
* We look for count number of blocks in the buddy cache. If we were able
* to locate that many free blocks we return with additional information
* regarding rest of the contiguous physical block available
*
* Before allocating blocks via buddy cache we normalize the request
* blocks. This ensure we ask for more blocks that we needed. The extra
* blocks that we get after allocation is added to the respective prealloc
* list. In case of inode preallocation we follow a list of heuristics
* based on file size. This can be found in ext4_mb_normalize_request. If
* we are doing a group prealloc we try to normalize the request to
* sbi->s_mb_group_prealloc. Default value of s_mb_group_prealloc is
* 512 blocks. This can be tuned via
* /sys/fs/ext4/<partition/mb_group_prealloc. The value is represented in
* terms of number of blocks. If we have mounted the file system with -O
* stripe=<value> option the group prealloc request is normalized to the
* stripe value (sbi->s_stripe)
*
* The regular allocator(using the buddy cache) supports few tunables.
*
* /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_min_to_scan
* /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_max_to_scan
* /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_order2_req
*
* The regular allocator uses buddy scan only if the request len is power of
* 2 blocks and the order of allocation is >= sbi->s_mb_order2_reqs. The
* value of s_mb_order2_reqs can be tuned via
* /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_order2_req. If the request len is equal to
* stripe size (sbi->s_stripe), we try to search for contiguous block in
* stripe size. This should result in better allocation on RAID setups. If
* not, we search in the specific group using bitmap for best extents. The
* tunable min_to_scan and max_to_scan control the behaviour here.
* min_to_scan indicate how long the mballoc __must__ look for a best
* extent and max_to_scan indicates how long the mballoc __can__ look for a
* best extent in the found extents. Searching for the blocks starts with
* the group specified as the goal value in allocation context via
* ac_g_ex. Each group is first checked based on the criteria whether it
* can used for allocation. ext4_mb_good_group explains how the groups are
* checked.
*
* Both the prealloc space are getting populated as above. So for the first
* request we will hit the buddy cache which will result in this prealloc
* space getting filled. The prealloc space is then later used for the
* subsequent request.
*/
/*
* mballoc operates on the following data:
* - on-disk bitmap
* - in-core buddy (actually includes buddy and bitmap)
* - preallocation descriptors (PAs)
*
* there are two types of preallocations:
* - inode
* assiged to specific inode and can be used for this inode only.
* it describes part of inode's space preallocated to specific
* physical blocks. any block from that preallocated can be used
* independent. the descriptor just tracks number of blocks left
* unused. so, before taking some block from descriptor, one must
* make sure corresponded logical block isn't allocated yet. this
* also means that freeing any block within descriptor's range
* must discard all preallocated blocks.
* - locality group
* assigned to specific locality group which does not translate to
* permanent set of inodes: inode can join and leave group. space
* from this type of preallocation can be used for any inode. thus
* it's consumed from the beginning to the end.
*
* relation between them can be expressed as:
* in-core buddy = on-disk bitmap + preallocation descriptors
*
* this mean blocks mballoc considers used are:
* - allocated blocks (persistent)
* - preallocated blocks (non-persistent)
*
* consistency in mballoc world means that at any time a block is either
* free or used in ALL structures. notice: "any time" should not be read
* literally -- time is discrete and delimited by locks.
*
* to keep it simple, we don't use block numbers, instead we count number of
* blocks: how many blocks marked used/free in on-disk bitmap, buddy and PA.
*
* all operations can be expressed as:
* - init buddy: buddy = on-disk + PAs
* - new PA: buddy += N; PA = N
* - use inode PA: on-disk += N; PA -= N
* - discard inode PA buddy -= on-disk - PA; PA = 0
* - use locality group PA on-disk += N; PA -= N
* - discard locality group PA buddy -= PA; PA = 0
* note: 'buddy -= on-disk - PA' is used to show that on-disk bitmap
* is used in real operation because we can't know actual used
* bits from PA, only from on-disk bitmap
*
* if we follow this strict logic, then all operations above should be atomic.
* given some of them can block, we'd have to use something like semaphores
* killing performance on high-end SMP hardware. let's try to relax it using
* the following knowledge:
* 1) if buddy is referenced, it's already initialized
* 2) while block is used in buddy and the buddy is referenced,
* nobody can re-allocate that block
* 3) we work on bitmaps and '+' actually means 'set bits'. if on-disk has
* bit set and PA claims same block, it's OK. IOW, one can set bit in
* on-disk bitmap if buddy has same bit set or/and PA covers corresponded
* block
*
* so, now we're building a concurrency table:
* - init buddy vs.
* - new PA
* blocks for PA are allocated in the buddy, buddy must be referenced
* until PA is linked to allocation group to avoid concurrent buddy init
* - use inode PA
* we need to make sure that either on-disk bitmap or PA has uptodate data
* given (3) we care that PA-=N operation doesn't interfere with init
* - discard inode PA
* the simplest way would be to have buddy initialized by the discard
* - use locality group PA
* again PA-=N must be serialized with init
* - discard locality group PA
* the simplest way would be to have buddy initialized by the discard
* - new PA vs.
* - use inode PA
* i_data_sem serializes them
* - discard inode PA
* discard process must wait until PA isn't used by another process
* - use locality group PA
* some mutex should serialize them
* - discard locality group PA
* discard process must wait until PA isn't used by another process
* - use inode PA
* - use inode PA
* i_data_sem or another mutex should serializes them
* - discard inode PA
* discard process must wait until PA isn't used by another process
* - use locality group PA
* nothing wrong here -- they're different PAs covering different blocks
* - discard locality group PA
* discard process must wait until PA isn't used by another process
*
* now we're ready to make few consequences:
* - PA is referenced and while it is no discard is possible
* - PA is referenced until block isn't marked in on-disk bitmap
* - PA changes only after on-disk bitmap
* - discard must not compete with init. either init is done before
* any discard or they're serialized somehow
* - buddy init as sum of on-disk bitmap and PAs is done atomically
*
* a special case when we've used PA to emptiness. no need to modify buddy
* in this case, but we should care about concurrent init
*
*/
/*
* Logic in few words:
*
* - allocation:
* load group
* find blocks
* mark bits in on-disk bitmap
* release group
*
* - use preallocation:
* find proper PA (per-inode or group)
* load group
* mark bits in on-disk bitmap
* release group
* release PA
*
* - free:
* load group
* mark bits in on-disk bitmap
* release group
*
* - discard preallocations in group:
* mark PAs deleted
* move them onto local list
* load on-disk bitmap
* load group
* remove PA from object (inode or locality group)
* mark free blocks in-core
*
* - discard inode's preallocations:
*/
/*
* Locking rules
*
* Locks:
* - bitlock on a group (group)
* - object (inode/locality) (object)
* - per-pa lock (pa)
*
* Paths:
* - new pa
* object
* group
*
* - find and use pa:
* pa
*
* - release consumed pa:
* pa
* group
* object
*
* - generate in-core bitmap:
* group
* pa
*
* - discard all for given object (inode, locality group):
* object
* pa
* group
*
* - discard all for given group:
* group
* pa
* group
* object
*
*/
static struct kmem_cache *ext4_pspace_cachep;
static struct kmem_cache *ext4_ac_cachep;
static struct kmem_cache *ext4_free_ext_cachep;
/* We create slab caches for groupinfo data structures based on the
* superblock block size. There will be one per mounted filesystem for
* each unique s_blocksize_bits */
#define NR_GRPINFO_CACHES 8
static struct kmem_cache *ext4_groupinfo_caches[NR_GRPINFO_CACHES];
static const char *ext4_groupinfo_slab_names[NR_GRPINFO_CACHES] = {
"ext4_groupinfo_1k", "ext4_groupinfo_2k", "ext4_groupinfo_4k",
"ext4_groupinfo_8k", "ext4_groupinfo_16k", "ext4_groupinfo_32k",
"ext4_groupinfo_64k", "ext4_groupinfo_128k"
};
static void ext4_mb_generate_from_pa(struct super_block *sb, void *bitmap,
ext4_group_t group);
static void ext4_mb_generate_from_freelist(struct super_block *sb, void *bitmap,
ext4_group_t group);
static void release_blocks_on_commit(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *txn);
static inline void *mb_correct_addr_and_bit(int *bit, void *addr)
{
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 64
*bit += ((unsigned long) addr & 7UL) << 3;
addr = (void *) ((unsigned long) addr & ~7UL);
#elif BITS_PER_LONG == 32
*bit += ((unsigned long) addr & 3UL) << 3;
addr = (void *) ((unsigned long) addr & ~3UL);
#else
#error "how many bits you are?!"
#endif
return addr;
}
static inline int mb_test_bit(int bit, void *addr)
{
/*
* ext4_test_bit on architecture like powerpc
* needs unsigned long aligned address
*/
addr = mb_correct_addr_and_bit(&bit, addr);
return ext4_test_bit(bit, addr);
}
static inline void mb_set_bit(int bit, void *addr)
{
addr = mb_correct_addr_and_bit(&bit, addr);
ext4_set_bit(bit, addr);
}
static inline void mb_clear_bit(int bit, void *addr)
{
addr = mb_correct_addr_and_bit(&bit, addr);
ext4_clear_bit(bit, addr);
}
static inline int mb_find_next_zero_bit(void *addr, int max, int start)
{
int fix = 0, ret, tmpmax;
addr = mb_correct_addr_and_bit(&fix, addr);
tmpmax = max + fix;
start += fix;
ret = ext4_find_next_zero_bit(addr, tmpmax, start) - fix;
if (ret > max)
return max;
return ret;
}
static inline int mb_find_next_bit(void *addr, int max, int start)
{
int fix = 0, ret, tmpmax;
addr = mb_correct_addr_and_bit(&fix, addr);
tmpmax = max + fix;
start += fix;
ret = ext4_find_next_bit(addr, tmpmax, start) - fix;
if (ret > max)
return max;
return ret;
}
static void *mb_find_buddy(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int order, int *max)
{
char *bb;
BUG_ON(EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b) == EXT4_MB_BUDDY(e4b));
BUG_ON(max == NULL);
if (order > e4b->bd_blkbits + 1) {
*max = 0;
return NULL;
}
/* at order 0 we see each particular block */
if (order == 0) {
*max = 1 << (e4b->bd_blkbits + 3);
return EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b);
}
bb = EXT4_MB_BUDDY(e4b) + EXT4_SB(e4b->bd_sb)->s_mb_offsets[order];
*max = EXT4_SB(e4b->bd_sb)->s_mb_maxs[order];
return bb;
}
#ifdef DOUBLE_CHECK
static void mb_free_blocks_double(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_buddy *e4b,
int first, int count)
{
int i;
struct super_block *sb = e4b->bd_sb;
if (unlikely(e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap == NULL))
return;
assert_spin_locked(ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, e4b->bd_group));
for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
if (!mb_test_bit(first + i, e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap)) {
ext4_fsblk_t blocknr;
blocknr = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, e4b->bd_group);
blocknr += first + i;
ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, e4b->bd_group,
inode ? inode->i_ino : 0,
blocknr,
"freeing block already freed "
"(bit %u)",
first + i);
}
mb_clear_bit(first + i, e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap);
}
}
static void mb_mark_used_double(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int first, int count)
{
int i;
if (unlikely(e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap == NULL))
return;
assert_spin_locked(ext4_group_lock_ptr(e4b->bd_sb, e4b->bd_group));
for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
BUG_ON(mb_test_bit(first + i, e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap));
mb_set_bit(first + i, e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap);
}
}
static void mb_cmp_bitmaps(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, void *bitmap)
{
if (memcmp(e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap, bitmap, e4b->bd_sb->s_blocksize)) {
unsigned char *b1, *b2;
int i;
b1 = (unsigned char *) e4b->bd_info->bb_bitmap;
b2 = (unsigned char *) bitmap;
for (i = 0; i < e4b->bd_sb->s_blocksize; i++) {
if (b1[i] != b2[i]) {
printk(KERN_ERR "corruption in group %u "
"at byte %u(%u): %x in copy != %x "
"on disk/prealloc\n",
e4b->bd_group, i, i * 8, b1[i], b2[i]);
BUG();
}
}
}
}
#else
static inline void mb_free_blocks_double(struct inode *inode,
struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int first, int count)
{
return;
}
static inline void mb_mark_used_double(struct ext4_buddy *e4b,
int first, int count)
{
return;
}
static inline void mb_cmp_bitmaps(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, void *bitmap)
{
return;
}
#endif
#ifdef AGGRESSIVE_CHECK
#define MB_CHECK_ASSERT(assert) \
do { \
if (!(assert)) { \
printk(KERN_EMERG \
"Assertion failure in %s() at %s:%d: \"%s\"\n", \
function, file, line, # assert); \
BUG(); \
} \
} while (0)
static int __mb_check_buddy(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, char *file,
const char *function, int line)
{
struct super_block *sb = e4b->bd_sb;
int order = e4b->bd_blkbits + 1;
int max;
int max2;
int i;
int j;
int k;
int count;
struct ext4_group_info *grp;
int fragments = 0;
int fstart;
struct list_head *cur;
void *buddy;
void *buddy2;
{
static int mb_check_counter;
if (mb_check_counter++ % 100 != 0)
return 0;
}
while (order > 1) {
buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, order, &max);
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(buddy);
buddy2 = mb_find_buddy(e4b, order - 1, &max2);
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(buddy2);
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(buddy != buddy2);
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(max * 2 == max2);
count = 0;
for (i = 0; i < max; i++) {
if (mb_test_bit(i, buddy)) {
/* only single bit in buddy2 may be 1 */
if (!mb_test_bit(i << 1, buddy2)) {
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(
mb_test_bit((i<<1)+1, buddy2));
} else if (!mb_test_bit((i << 1) + 1, buddy2)) {
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(
mb_test_bit(i << 1, buddy2));
}
continue;
}
/* both bits in buddy2 must be 0 */
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(mb_test_bit(i << 1, buddy2));
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(mb_test_bit((i << 1) + 1, buddy2));
for (j = 0; j < (1 << order); j++) {
k = (i * (1 << order)) + j;
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(
!mb_test_bit(k, EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b)));
}
count++;
}
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[order] == count);
order--;
}
fstart = -1;
buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, 0, &max);
for (i = 0; i < max; i++) {
if (!mb_test_bit(i, buddy)) {
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(i >= e4b->bd_info->bb_first_free);
if (fstart == -1) {
fragments++;
fstart = i;
}
continue;
}
fstart = -1;
/* check used bits only */
for (j = 0; j < e4b->bd_blkbits + 1; j++) {
buddy2 = mb_find_buddy(e4b, j, &max2);
k = i >> j;
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(k < max2);
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(mb_test_bit(k, buddy2));
}
}
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(!EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(e4b->bd_info));
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(e4b->bd_info->bb_fragments == fragments);
grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, e4b->bd_group);
list_for_each(cur, &grp->bb_prealloc_list) {
ext4_group_t groupnr;
struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa;
pa = list_entry(cur, struct ext4_prealloc_space, pa_group_list);
ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, pa->pa_pstart, &groupnr, &k);
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(groupnr == e4b->bd_group);
for (i = 0; i < pa->pa_len; i++)
MB_CHECK_ASSERT(mb_test_bit(k + i, buddy));
}
return 0;
}
#undef MB_CHECK_ASSERT
#define mb_check_buddy(e4b) __mb_check_buddy(e4b, \
__FILE__, __func__, __LINE__)
#else
#define mb_check_buddy(e4b)
#endif
/*
* Divide blocks started from @first with length @len into
* smaller chunks with power of 2 blocks.
* Clear the bits in bitmap which the blocks of the chunk(s) covered,
* then increase bb_counters[] for corresponded chunk size.
*/
static void ext4_mb_mark_free_simple(struct super_block *sb,
void *buddy, ext4_grpblk_t first, ext4_grpblk_t len,
struct ext4_group_info *grp)
{
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
ext4_grpblk_t min;
ext4_grpblk_t max;
ext4_grpblk_t chunk;
unsigned short border;
BUG_ON(len > EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb));
border = 2 << sb->s_blocksize_bits;
while (len > 0) {
/* find how many blocks can be covered since this position */
max = ffs(first | border) - 1;
/* find how many blocks of power 2 we need to mark */
min = fls(len) - 1;
if (max < min)
min = max;
chunk = 1 << min;
/* mark multiblock chunks only */
grp->bb_counters[min]++;
if (min > 0)
mb_clear_bit(first >> min,
buddy + sbi->s_mb_offsets[min]);
len -= chunk;
first += chunk;
}
}
/*
* Cache the order of the largest free extent we have available in this block
* group.
*/
static void
mb_set_largest_free_order(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_info *grp)
{
int i;
int bits;
grp->bb_largest_free_order = -1; /* uninit */
bits = sb->s_blocksize_bits + 1;
for (i = bits; i >= 0; i--) {
if (grp->bb_counters[i] > 0) {
grp->bb_largest_free_order = i;
break;
}
}
}
static noinline_for_stack
void ext4_mb_generate_buddy(struct super_block *sb,
void *buddy, void *bitmap, ext4_group_t group)
{
struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group);
ext4_grpblk_t max = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb);
ext4_grpblk_t i = 0;
ext4_grpblk_t first;
ext4_grpblk_t len;
unsigned free = 0;
unsigned fragments = 0;
unsigned long long period = get_cycles();
/* initialize buddy from bitmap which is aggregation
* of on-disk bitmap and preallocations */
i = mb_find_next_zero_bit(bitmap, max, 0);
grp->bb_first_free = i;
while (i < max) {
fragments++;
first = i;
i = mb_find_next_bit(bitmap, max, i);
len = i - first;
free += len;
if (len > 1)
ext4_mb_mark_free_simple(sb, buddy, first, len, grp);
else
grp->bb_counters[0]++;
if (i < max)
i = mb_find_next_zero_bit(bitmap, max, i);
}
grp->bb_fragments = fragments;
if (free != grp->bb_free) {
ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, group, 0, 0,
"%u blocks in bitmap, %u in gd",
free, grp->bb_free);
/*
* If we intent to continue, we consider group descritor
* corrupt and update bb_free using bitmap value
*/
grp->bb_free = free;
}
mb_set_largest_free_order(sb, grp);
clear_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT, &(grp->bb_state));
period = get_cycles() - period;
spin_lock(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_bal_lock);
EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_buddies_generated++;
EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_generation_time += period;
spin_unlock(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_bal_lock);
}
/* The buddy information is attached the buddy cache inode
* for convenience. The information regarding each group
* is loaded via ext4_mb_load_buddy. The information involve
* block bitmap and buddy information. The information are
* stored in the inode as
*
* { page }
* [ group 0 bitmap][ group 0 buddy] [group 1][ group 1]...
*
*
* one block each for bitmap and buddy information.
* So for each group we take up 2 blocks. A page can
* contain blocks_per_page (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE / blocksize) blocks.
* So it can have information regarding groups_per_page which
* is blocks_per_page/2
*
* Locking note: This routine takes the block group lock of all groups
* for this page; do not hold this lock when calling this routine!
*/
static int ext4_mb_init_cache(struct page *page, char *incore)
{
ext4_group_t ngroups;
int blocksize;
int blocks_per_page;
int groups_per_page;
int err = 0;
int i;
ext4_group_t first_group;
int first_block;
struct super_block *sb;
struct buffer_head *bhs;
struct buffer_head **bh;
struct inode *inode;
char *data;
char *bitmap;
struct ext4_group_info *grinfo;
mb_debug(1, "init page %lu\n", page->index);
inode = page->mapping->host;
sb = inode->i_sb;
ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb);
blocksize = 1 << inode->i_blkbits;
blocks_per_page = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE / blocksize;
groups_per_page = blocks_per_page >> 1;
if (groups_per_page == 0)
groups_per_page = 1;
/* allocate buffer_heads to read bitmaps */
if (groups_per_page > 1) {
err = -ENOMEM;
i = sizeof(struct buffer_head *) * groups_per_page;
bh = kzalloc(i, GFP_NOFS);
if (bh == NULL)
goto out;
} else
bh = &bhs;
first_group = page->index * blocks_per_page / 2;
/* read all groups the page covers into the cache */
for (i = 0; i < groups_per_page; i++) {
struct ext4_group_desc *desc;
if (first_group + i >= ngroups)
break;
grinfo = ext4_get_group_info(sb, first_group + i);
/*
* If page is uptodate then we came here after online resize
* which added some new uninitialized group info structs, so
* we must skip all initialized uptodate buddies on the page,
* which may be currently in use by an allocating task.
*/
if (PageUptodate(page) && !EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grinfo)) {
bh[i] = NULL;
continue;
}
err = -EIO;
desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, first_group + i, NULL);
if (desc == NULL)
goto out;
err = -ENOMEM;
bh[i] = sb_getblk(sb, ext4_block_bitmap(sb, desc));
if (bh[i] == NULL)
goto out;
if (bitmap_uptodate(bh[i]))
continue;
lock_buffer(bh[i]);
if (bitmap_uptodate(bh[i])) {
unlock_buffer(bh[i]);
continue;
}
ext4_lock_group(sb, first_group + i);
if (desc->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)) {
ext4_init_block_bitmap(sb, bh[i],
first_group + i, desc);
set_bitmap_uptodate(bh[i]);
set_buffer_uptodate(bh[i]);
ext4_unlock_group(sb, first_group + i);
unlock_buffer(bh[i]);
continue;
}
ext4_unlock_group(sb, first_group + i);
if (buffer_uptodate(bh[i])) {
/*
* if not uninit if bh is uptodate,
* bitmap is also uptodate
*/
set_bitmap_uptodate(bh[i]);
unlock_buffer(bh[i]);
continue;
}
get_bh(bh[i]);
/*
* submit the buffer_head for read. We can
* safely mark the bitmap as uptodate now.
* We do it here so the bitmap uptodate bit
* get set with buffer lock held.
*/
set_bitmap_uptodate(bh[i]);
bh[i]->b_end_io = end_buffer_read_sync;
submit_bh(READ, bh[i]);
mb_debug(1, "read bitmap for group %u\n", first_group + i);
}
/* wait for I/O completion */
for (i = 0; i < groups_per_page; i++)
if (bh[i])
wait_on_buffer(bh[i]);
err = -EIO;
for (i = 0; i < groups_per_page; i++)
if (bh[i] && !buffer_uptodate(bh[i]))
goto out;
err = 0;
first_block = page->index * blocks_per_page;
for (i = 0; i < blocks_per_page; i++) {
int group;
group = (first_block + i) >> 1;
if (group >= ngroups)
break;
if (!bh[group - first_group])
/* skip initialized uptodate buddy */
continue;
/*
* data carry information regarding this
* particular group in the format specified
* above
*
*/
data = page_address(page) + (i * blocksize);
bitmap = bh[group - first_group]->b_data;
/*
* We place the buddy block and bitmap block
* close together
*/
if ((first_block + i) & 1) {
/* this is block of buddy */
BUG_ON(incore == NULL);
mb_debug(1, "put buddy for group %u in page %lu/%x\n",
group, page->index, i * blocksize);
trace_ext4_mb_buddy_bitmap_load(sb, group);
grinfo = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group);
grinfo->bb_fragments = 0;
memset(grinfo->bb_counters, 0,
sizeof(*grinfo->bb_counters) *
(sb->s_blocksize_bits+2));
/*
* incore got set to the group block bitmap below
*/
ext4_lock_group(sb, group);
/* init the buddy */
memset(data, 0xff, blocksize);
ext4_mb_generate_buddy(sb, data, incore, group);
ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
incore = NULL;
} else {
/* this is block of bitmap */
BUG_ON(incore != NULL);
mb_debug(1, "put bitmap for group %u in page %lu/%x\n",
group, page->index, i * blocksize);
trace_ext4_mb_bitmap_load(sb, group);
/* see comments in ext4_mb_put_pa() */
ext4_lock_group(sb, group);
memcpy(data, bitmap, blocksize);
/* mark all preallocated blks used in in-core bitmap */
ext4_mb_generate_from_pa(sb, data, group);
ext4_mb_generate_from_freelist(sb, data, group);
ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
/* set incore so that the buddy information can be
* generated using this
*/
incore = data;
}
}
SetPageUptodate(page);
out:
if (bh) {
for (i = 0; i < groups_per_page; i++)
brelse(bh[i]);
if (bh != &bhs)
kfree(bh);
}
return err;
}
/*
* Lock the buddy and bitmap pages. This make sure other parallel init_group
* on the same buddy page doesn't happen whild holding the buddy page lock.
* Return locked buddy and bitmap pages on e4b struct. If buddy and bitmap
* are on the same page e4b->bd_buddy_page is NULL and return value is 0.
*/
static int ext4_mb_get_buddy_page_lock(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_buddy *e4b)
{
struct inode *inode = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_buddy_cache;
int block, pnum, poff;
int blocks_per_page;
struct page *page;
e4b->bd_buddy_page = NULL;
e4b->bd_bitmap_page = NULL;
blocks_per_page = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE / sb->s_blocksize;
/*
* the buddy cache inode stores the block bitmap
* and buddy information in consecutive blocks.
* So for each group we need two blocks.
*/
block = group * 2;
pnum = block / blocks_per_page;
poff = block % blocks_per_page;
page = find_or_create_page(inode->i_mapping, pnum, GFP_NOFS);
if (!page)
return -EIO;
BUG_ON(page->mapping != inode->i_mapping);
e4b->bd_bitmap_page = page;
e4b->bd_bitmap = page_address(page) + (poff * sb->s_blocksize);
if (blocks_per_page >= 2) {
/* buddy and bitmap are on the same page */
return 0;
}
block++;
pnum = block / blocks_per_page;
poff = block % blocks_per_page;
page = find_or_create_page(inode->i_mapping, pnum, GFP_NOFS);
if (!page)
return -EIO;
BUG_ON(page->mapping != inode->i_mapping);
e4b->bd_buddy_page = page;
return 0;
}
static void ext4_mb_put_buddy_page_lock(struct ext4_buddy *e4b)
{
if (e4b->bd_bitmap_page) {
unlock_page(e4b->bd_bitmap_page);
page_cache_release(e4b->bd_bitmap_page);
}
if (e4b->bd_buddy_page) {
unlock_page(e4b->bd_buddy_page);
page_cache_release(e4b->bd_buddy_page);
}
}
/*
* Locking note: This routine calls ext4_mb_init_cache(), which takes the
* block group lock of all groups for this page; do not hold the BG lock when
* calling this routine!
*/
static noinline_for_stack
int ext4_mb_init_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group)
{
struct ext4_group_info *this_grp;
struct ext4_buddy e4b;
struct page *page;
int ret = 0;
mb_debug(1, "init group %u\n", group);
this_grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group);
/*
* This ensures that we don't reinit the buddy cache
* page which map to the group from which we are already
* allocating. If we are looking at the buddy cache we would
* have taken a reference using ext4_mb_load_buddy and that
* would have pinned buddy page to page cache.
*/
ret = ext4_mb_get_buddy_page_lock(sb, group, &e4b);
if (ret || !EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(this_grp)) {
/*
* somebody initialized the group
* return without doing anything
*/
goto err;
}
page = e4b.bd_bitmap_page;
ret = ext4_mb_init_cache(page, NULL);
if (ret)
goto err;
if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
ret = -EIO;
goto err;
}
mark_page_accessed(page);
if (e4b.bd_buddy_page == NULL) {
/*
* If both the bitmap and buddy are in
* the same page we don't need to force
* init the buddy
*/
ret = 0;
goto err;
}
/* init buddy cache */
page = e4b.bd_buddy_page;
ret = ext4_mb_init_cache(page, e4b.bd_bitmap);
if (ret)
goto err;
if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
ret = -EIO;
goto err;
}
mark_page_accessed(page);
err:
ext4_mb_put_buddy_page_lock(&e4b);
return ret;
}
/*
* Locking note: This routine calls ext4_mb_init_cache(), which takes the
* block group lock of all groups for this page; do not hold the BG lock when
* calling this routine!
*/
static noinline_for_stack int
ext4_mb_load_buddy(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group,
struct ext4_buddy *e4b)
{
int blocks_per_page;
int block;
int pnum;
int poff;
struct page *page;
int ret;
struct ext4_group_info *grp;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
struct inode *inode = sbi->s_buddy_cache;
mb_debug(1, "load group %u\n", group);
blocks_per_page = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE / sb->s_blocksize;
grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group);
e4b->bd_blkbits = sb->s_blocksize_bits;
e4b->bd_info = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group);
e4b->bd_sb = sb;
e4b->bd_group = group;
e4b->bd_buddy_page = NULL;
e4b->bd_bitmap_page = NULL;
if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp))) {
/*
* we need full data about the group
* to make a good selection
*/
ret = ext4_mb_init_group(sb, group);
if (ret)
return ret;
}
/*
* the buddy cache inode stores the block bitmap
* and buddy information in consecutive blocks.
* So for each group we need two blocks.
*/
block = group * 2;
pnum = block / blocks_per_page;
poff = block % blocks_per_page;
/* we could use find_or_create_page(), but it locks page
* what we'd like to avoid in fast path ... */
page = find_get_page(inode->i_mapping, pnum);
if (page == NULL || !PageUptodate(page)) {
if (page)
/*
* drop the page reference and try
* to get the page with lock. If we
* are not uptodate that implies
* somebody just created the page but
* is yet to initialize the same. So
* wait for it to initialize.
*/
page_cache_release(page);
page = find_or_create_page(inode->i_mapping, pnum, GFP_NOFS);
if (page) {
BUG_ON(page->mapping != inode->i_mapping);
if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
ret = ext4_mb_init_cache(page, NULL);
if (ret) {
unlock_page(page);
goto err;
}
mb_cmp_bitmaps(e4b, page_address(page) +
(poff * sb->s_blocksize));
}
unlock_page(page);
}
}
if (page == NULL || !PageUptodate(page)) {
ret = -EIO;
goto err;
}
e4b->bd_bitmap_page = page;
e4b->bd_bitmap = page_address(page) + (poff * sb->s_blocksize);
mark_page_accessed(page);
block++;
pnum = block / blocks_per_page;
poff = block % blocks_per_page;
page = find_get_page(inode->i_mapping, pnum);
if (page == NULL || !PageUptodate(page)) {
if (page)
page_cache_release(page);
page = find_or_create_page(inode->i_mapping, pnum, GFP_NOFS);
if (page) {
BUG_ON(page->mapping != inode->i_mapping);
if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
ret = ext4_mb_init_cache(page, e4b->bd_bitmap);
if (ret) {
unlock_page(page);
goto err;
}
}
unlock_page(page);
}
}
if (page == NULL || !PageUptodate(page)) {
ret = -EIO;
goto err;
}
e4b->bd_buddy_page = page;
e4b->bd_buddy = page_address(page) + (poff * sb->s_blocksize);
mark_page_accessed(page);
BUG_ON(e4b->bd_bitmap_page == NULL);
BUG_ON(e4b->bd_buddy_page == NULL);
return 0;
err:
if (page)
page_cache_release(page);
if (e4b->bd_bitmap_page)
page_cache_release(e4b->bd_bitmap_page);
if (e4b->bd_buddy_page)
page_cache_release(e4b->bd_buddy_page);
e4b->bd_buddy = NULL;
e4b->bd_bitmap = NULL;
return ret;
}
static void ext4_mb_unload_buddy(struct ext4_buddy *e4b)
{
if (e4b->bd_bitmap_page)
page_cache_release(e4b->bd_bitmap_page);
if (e4b->bd_buddy_page)
page_cache_release(e4b->bd_buddy_page);
}
static int mb_find_order_for_block(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int block)
{
int order = 1;
void *bb;
BUG_ON(EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b) == EXT4_MB_BUDDY(e4b));
BUG_ON(block >= (1 << (e4b->bd_blkbits + 3)));
bb = EXT4_MB_BUDDY(e4b);
while (order <= e4b->bd_blkbits + 1) {
block = block >> 1;
if (!mb_test_bit(block, bb)) {
/* this block is part of buddy of order 'order' */
return order;
}
bb += 1 << (e4b->bd_blkbits - order);
order++;
}
return 0;
}
static void mb_clear_bits(void *bm, int cur, int len)
{
__u32 *addr;
len = cur + len;
while (cur < len) {
if ((cur & 31) == 0 && (len - cur) >= 32) {
/* fast path: clear whole word at once */
addr = bm + (cur >> 3);
*addr = 0;
cur += 32;
continue;
}
mb_clear_bit(cur, bm);
cur++;
}
}
static void mb_set_bits(void *bm, int cur, int len)
{
__u32 *addr;
len = cur + len;
while (cur < len) {
if ((cur & 31) == 0 && (len - cur) >= 32) {
/* fast path: set whole word at once */
addr = bm + (cur >> 3);
*addr = 0xffffffff;
cur += 32;
continue;
}
mb_set_bit(cur, bm);
cur++;
}
}
static void mb_free_blocks(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_buddy *e4b,
int first, int count)
{
int block = 0;
int max = 0;
int order;
void *buddy;
void *buddy2;
struct super_block *sb = e4b->bd_sb;
BUG_ON(first + count > (sb->s_blocksize << 3));
assert_spin_locked(ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, e4b->bd_group));
mb_check_buddy(e4b);
mb_free_blocks_double(inode, e4b, first, count);
e4b->bd_info->bb_free += count;
if (first < e4b->bd_info->bb_first_free)
e4b->bd_info->bb_first_free = first;
/* let's maintain fragments counter */
if (first != 0)
block = !mb_test_bit(first - 1, EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b));
if (first + count < EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_maxs[0])
max = !mb_test_bit(first + count, EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b));
if (block && max)
e4b->bd_info->bb_fragments--;
else if (!block && !max)
e4b->bd_info->bb_fragments++;
/* let's maintain buddy itself */
while (count-- > 0) {
block = first++;
order = 0;
if (!mb_test_bit(block, EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b))) {
ext4_fsblk_t blocknr;
blocknr = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, e4b->bd_group);
blocknr += block;
ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, e4b->bd_group,
inode ? inode->i_ino : 0,
blocknr,
"freeing already freed block "
"(bit %u)", block);
}
mb_clear_bit(block, EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b));
e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[order]++;
/* start of the buddy */
buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, order, &max);
do {
block &= ~1UL;
if (mb_test_bit(block, buddy) ||
mb_test_bit(block + 1, buddy))
break;
/* both the buddies are free, try to coalesce them */
buddy2 = mb_find_buddy(e4b, order + 1, &max);
if (!buddy2)
break;
if (order > 0) {
/* for special purposes, we don't set
* free bits in bitmap */
mb_set_bit(block, buddy);
mb_set_bit(block + 1, buddy);
}
e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[order]--;
e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[order]--;
block = block >> 1;
order++;
e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[order]++;
mb_clear_bit(block, buddy2);
buddy = buddy2;
} while (1);
}
mb_set_largest_free_order(sb, e4b->bd_info);
mb_check_buddy(e4b);
}
static int mb_find_extent(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int order, int block,
int needed, struct ext4_free_extent *ex)
{
int next = block;
int max;
int ord;
void *buddy;
assert_spin_locked(ext4_group_lock_ptr(e4b->bd_sb, e4b->bd_group));
BUG_ON(ex == NULL);
buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, order, &max);
BUG_ON(buddy == NULL);
BUG_ON(block >= max);
if (mb_test_bit(block, buddy)) {
ex->fe_len = 0;
ex->fe_start = 0;
ex->fe_group = 0;
return 0;
}
/* FIXME dorp order completely ? */
if (likely(order == 0)) {
/* find actual order */
order = mb_find_order_for_block(e4b, block);
block = block >> order;
}
ex->fe_len = 1 << order;
ex->fe_start = block << order;
ex->fe_group = e4b->bd_group;
/* calc difference from given start */
next = next - ex->fe_start;
ex->fe_len -= next;
ex->fe_start += next;
while (needed > ex->fe_len &&
(buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, order, &max))) {
if (block + 1 >= max)
break;
next = (block + 1) * (1 << order);
if (mb_test_bit(next, EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b)))
break;
ord = mb_find_order_for_block(e4b, next);
order = ord;
block = next >> order;
ex->fe_len += 1 << order;
}
BUG_ON(ex->fe_start + ex->fe_len > (1 << (e4b->bd_blkbits + 3)));
return ex->fe_len;
}
static int mb_mark_used(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, struct ext4_free_extent *ex)
{
int ord;
int mlen = 0;
int max = 0;
int cur;
int start = ex->fe_start;
int len = ex->fe_len;
unsigned ret = 0;
int len0 = len;
void *buddy;
BUG_ON(start + len > (e4b->bd_sb->s_blocksize << 3));
BUG_ON(e4b->bd_group != ex->fe_group);
assert_spin_locked(ext4_group_lock_ptr(e4b->bd_sb, e4b->bd_group));
mb_check_buddy(e4b);
mb_mark_used_double(e4b, start, len);
e4b->bd_info->bb_free -= len;
if (e4b->bd_info->bb_first_free == start)
e4b->bd_info->bb_first_free += len;
/* let's maintain fragments counter */
if (start != 0)
mlen = !mb_test_bit(start - 1, EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b));
if (start + len < EXT4_SB(e4b->bd_sb)->s_mb_maxs[0])
max = !mb_test_bit(start + len, EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b));
if (mlen && max)
e4b->bd_info->bb_fragments++;
else if (!mlen && !max)
e4b->bd_info->bb_fragments--;
/* let's maintain buddy itself */
while (len) {
ord = mb_find_order_for_block(e4b, start);
if (((start >> ord) << ord) == start && len >= (1 << ord)) {
/* the whole chunk may be allocated at once! */
mlen = 1 << ord;
buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, ord, &max);
BUG_ON((start >> ord) >= max);
mb_set_bit(start >> ord, buddy);
e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[ord]--;
start += mlen;
len -= mlen;
BUG_ON(len < 0);
continue;
}
/* store for history */
if (ret == 0)
ret = len | (ord << 16);
/* we have to split large buddy */
BUG_ON(ord <= 0);
buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, ord, &max);
mb_set_bit(start >> ord, buddy);
e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[ord]--;
ord--;
cur = (start >> ord) & ~1U;
buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, ord, &max);
mb_clear_bit(cur, buddy);
mb_clear_bit(cur + 1, buddy);
e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[ord]++;
e4b->bd_info->bb_counters[ord]++;
}
mb_set_largest_free_order(e4b->bd_sb, e4b->bd_info);
mb_set_bits(EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b), ex->fe_start, len0);
mb_check_buddy(e4b);
return ret;
}
/*
* Must be called under group lock!
*/
static void ext4_mb_use_best_found(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
struct ext4_buddy *e4b)
{
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb);
int ret;
BUG_ON(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group != e4b->bd_group);
BUG_ON(ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_FOUND);
ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len = min(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len, ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len);
ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical = ac->ac_g_ex.fe_logical;
ret = mb_mark_used(e4b, &ac->ac_b_ex);
/* preallocation can change ac_b_ex, thus we store actually
* allocated blocks for history */
ac->ac_f_ex = ac->ac_b_ex;
ac->ac_status = AC_STATUS_FOUND;
ac->ac_tail = ret & 0xffff;
ac->ac_buddy = ret >> 16;
/*
* take the page reference. We want the page to be pinned
* so that we don't get a ext4_mb_init_cache_call for this
* group until we update the bitmap. That would mean we
* double allocate blocks. The reference is dropped
* in ext4_mb_release_context
*/
ac->ac_bitmap_page = e4b->bd_bitmap_page;
get_page(ac->ac_bitmap_page);
ac->ac_buddy_page = e4b->bd_buddy_page;
get_page(ac->ac_buddy_page);
/* store last allocated for subsequent stream allocation */
if (ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC) {
spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
sbi->s_mb_last_group = ac->ac_f_ex.fe_group;
sbi->s_mb_last_start = ac->ac_f_ex.fe_start;
spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
}
}
/*
* regular allocator, for general purposes allocation
*/
static void ext4_mb_check_limits(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
struct ext4_buddy *e4b,
int finish_group)
{
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb);
struct ext4_free_extent *bex = &ac->ac_b_ex;
struct ext4_free_extent *gex = &ac->ac_g_ex;
struct ext4_free_extent ex;
int max;
if (ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_FOUND)
return;
/*
* We don't want to scan for a whole year
*/
if (ac->ac_found > sbi->s_mb_max_to_scan &&
!(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST)) {
ac->ac_status = AC_STATUS_BREAK;
return;
}
/*
* Haven't found good chunk so far, let's continue
*/
if (bex->fe_len < gex->fe_len)
return;
if ((finish_group || ac->ac_found > sbi->s_mb_min_to_scan)
&& bex->fe_group == e4b->bd_group) {
/* recheck chunk's availability - we don't know
* when it was found (within this lock-unlock
* period or not) */
max = mb_find_extent(e4b, 0, bex->fe_start, gex->fe_len, &ex);
if (max >= gex->fe_len) {
ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b);
return;
}
}
}
/*
* The routine checks whether found extent is good enough. If it is,
* then the extent gets marked used and flag is set to the context
* to stop scanning. Otherwise, the extent is compared with the
* previous found extent and if new one is better, then it's stored
* in the context. Later, the best found extent will be used, if
* mballoc can't find good enough extent.
*
* FIXME: real allocation policy is to be designed yet!
*/
static void ext4_mb_measure_extent(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
struct ext4_free_extent *ex,
struct ext4_buddy *e4b)
{
struct ext4_free_extent *bex = &ac->ac_b_ex;
struct ext4_free_extent *gex = &ac->ac_g_ex;
BUG_ON(ex->fe_len <= 0);
BUG_ON(ex->fe_len > EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(ac->ac_sb));
BUG_ON(ex->fe_start >= EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(ac->ac_sb));
BUG_ON(ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_CONTINUE);
ac->ac_found++;
/*
* The special case - take what you catch first
*/
if (unlikely(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST)) {
*bex = *ex;
ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b);
return;
}
/*
* Let's check whether the chuck is good enough
*/
if (ex->fe_len == gex->fe_len) {
*bex = *ex;
ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b);
return;
}
/*
* If this is first found extent, just store it in the context
*/
if (bex->fe_len == 0) {
*bex = *ex;
return;
}
/*
* If new found extent is better, store it in the context
*/
if (bex->fe_len < gex->fe_len) {
/* if the request isn't satisfied, any found extent
* larger than previous best one is better */
if (ex->fe_len > bex->fe_len)
*bex = *ex;
} else if (ex->fe_len > gex->fe_len) {
/* if the request is satisfied, then we try to find
* an extent that still satisfy the request, but is
* smaller than previous one */
if (ex->fe_len < bex->fe_len)
*bex = *ex;
}
ext4_mb_check_limits(ac, e4b, 0);
}
static noinline_for_stack
int ext4_mb_try_best_found(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
struct ext4_buddy *e4b)
{
struct ext4_free_extent ex = ac->ac_b_ex;
ext4_group_t group = ex.fe_group;
int max;
int err;
BUG_ON(ex.fe_len <= 0);
err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(ac->ac_sb, group, e4b);
if (err)
return err;
ext4_lock_group(ac->ac_sb, group);
max = mb_find_extent(e4b, 0, ex.fe_start, ex.fe_len, &ex);
if (max > 0) {
ac->ac_b_ex = ex;
ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b);
}
ext4_unlock_group(ac->ac_sb, group);
ext4_mb_unload_buddy(e4b);
return 0;
}
static noinline_for_stack
int ext4_mb_find_by_goal(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
struct ext4_buddy *e4b)
{
ext4_group_t group = ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group;
int max;
int err;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb);
struct ext4_free_extent ex;
if (!(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL))
return 0;
err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(ac->ac_sb, group, e4b);
if (err)
return err;
ext4_lock_group(ac->ac_sb, group);
max = mb_find_extent(e4b, 0, ac->ac_g_ex.fe_start,
ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len, &ex);
if (max >= ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len && ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len == sbi->s_stripe) {
ext4_fsblk_t start;
start = ext4_group_first_block_no(ac->ac_sb, e4b->bd_group) +
ex.fe_start;
/* use do_div to get remainder (would be 64-bit modulo) */
if (do_div(start, sbi->s_stripe) == 0) {
ac->ac_found++;
ac->ac_b_ex = ex;
ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b);
}
} else if (max >= ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len) {
BUG_ON(ex.fe_len <= 0);
BUG_ON(ex.fe_group != ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group);
BUG_ON(ex.fe_start != ac->ac_g_ex.fe_start);
ac->ac_found++;
ac->ac_b_ex = ex;
ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b);
} else if (max > 0 && (ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_MERGE)) {
/* Sometimes, caller may want to merge even small
* number of blocks to an existing extent */
BUG_ON(ex.fe_len <= 0);
BUG_ON(ex.fe_group != ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group);
BUG_ON(ex.fe_start != ac->ac_g_ex.fe_start);
ac->ac_found++;
ac->ac_b_ex = ex;
ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b);
}
ext4_unlock_group(ac->ac_sb, group);
ext4_mb_unload_buddy(e4b);
return 0;
}
/*
* The routine scans buddy structures (not bitmap!) from given order
* to max order and tries to find big enough chunk to satisfy the req
*/
static noinline_for_stack
void ext4_mb_simple_scan_group(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
struct ext4_buddy *e4b)
{
struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb;
struct ext4_group_info *grp = e4b->bd_info;
void *buddy;
int i;
int k;
int max;
BUG_ON(ac->ac_2order <= 0);
for (i = ac->ac_2order; i <= sb->s_blocksize_bits + 1; i++) {
if (grp->bb_counters[i] == 0)
continue;
buddy = mb_find_buddy(e4b, i, &max);
BUG_ON(buddy == NULL);
k = mb_find_next_zero_bit(buddy, max, 0);
BUG_ON(k >= max);
ac->ac_found++;
ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len = 1 << i;
ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start = k << i;
ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group = e4b->bd_group;
ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b);
BUG_ON(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len != ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len);
if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_stats)
atomic_inc(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_bal_2orders);
break;
}
}
/*
* The routine scans the group and measures all found extents.
* In order to optimize scanning, caller must pass number of
* free blocks in the group, so the routine can know upper limit.
*/
static noinline_for_stack
void ext4_mb_complex_scan_group(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
struct ext4_buddy *e4b)
{
struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb;
void *bitmap = EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b);
struct ext4_free_extent ex;
int i;
int free;
free = e4b->bd_info->bb_free;
BUG_ON(free <= 0);
i = e4b->bd_info->bb_first_free;
while (free && ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_CONTINUE) {
i = mb_find_next_zero_bit(bitmap,
EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb), i);
if (i >= EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb)) {
/*
* IF we have corrupt bitmap, we won't find any
* free blocks even though group info says we
* we have free blocks
*/
ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, e4b->bd_group, 0, 0,
"%d free blocks as per "
"group info. But bitmap says 0",
free);
break;
}
mb_find_extent(e4b, 0, i, ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len, &ex);
BUG_ON(ex.fe_len <= 0);
if (free < ex.fe_len) {
ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, e4b->bd_group, 0, 0,
"%d free blocks as per "
"group info. But got %d blocks",
free, ex.fe_len);
/*
* The number of free blocks differs. This mostly
* indicate that the bitmap is corrupt. So exit
* without claiming the space.
*/
break;
}
ext4_mb_measure_extent(ac, &ex, e4b);
i += ex.fe_len;
free -= ex.fe_len;
}
ext4_mb_check_limits(ac, e4b, 1);
}
/*
* This is a special case for storages like raid5
* we try to find stripe-aligned chunks for stripe-size-multiple requests
*/
static noinline_for_stack
void ext4_mb_scan_aligned(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
struct ext4_buddy *e4b)
{
struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
void *bitmap = EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b);
struct ext4_free_extent ex;
ext4_fsblk_t first_group_block;
ext4_fsblk_t a;
ext4_grpblk_t i;
int max;
BUG_ON(sbi->s_stripe == 0);
/* find first stripe-aligned block in group */
first_group_block = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, e4b->bd_group);
a = first_group_block + sbi->s_stripe - 1;
do_div(a, sbi->s_stripe);
i = (a * sbi->s_stripe) - first_group_block;
while (i < EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb)) {
if (!mb_test_bit(i, bitmap)) {
max = mb_find_extent(e4b, 0, i, sbi->s_stripe, &ex);
if (max >= sbi->s_stripe) {
ac->ac_found++;
ac->ac_b_ex = ex;
ext4_mb_use_best_found(ac, e4b);
break;
}
}
i += sbi->s_stripe;
}
}
/* This is now called BEFORE we load the buddy bitmap. */
static int ext4_mb_good_group(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
ext4_group_t group, int cr)
{
unsigned free, fragments;
int flex_size = ext4_flex_bg_size(EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb));
struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(ac->ac_sb, group);
BUG_ON(cr < 0 || cr >= 4);
/* We only do this if the grp has never been initialized */
if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp))) {
int ret = ext4_mb_init_group(ac->ac_sb, group);
if (ret)
return 0;
}
free = grp->bb_free;
fragments = grp->bb_fragments;
if (free == 0)
return 0;
if (fragments == 0)
return 0;
switch (cr) {
case 0:
BUG_ON(ac->ac_2order == 0);
if (grp->bb_largest_free_order < ac->ac_2order)
return 0;
/* Avoid using the first bg of a flexgroup for data files */
if ((ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA) &&
(flex_size >= EXT4_FLEX_SIZE_DIR_ALLOC_SCHEME) &&
((group % flex_size) == 0))
return 0;
return 1;
case 1:
if ((free / fragments) >= ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len)
return 1;
break;
case 2:
if (free >= ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len)
return 1;
break;
case 3:
return 1;
default:
BUG();
}
return 0;
}
static noinline_for_stack int
ext4_mb_regular_allocator(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac)
{
ext4_group_t ngroups, group, i;
int cr;
int err = 0;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi;
struct super_block *sb;
struct ext4_buddy e4b;
sb = ac->ac_sb;
sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb);
/* non-extent files are limited to low blocks/groups */
if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(ac->ac_inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)))
ngroups = sbi->s_blockfile_groups;
BUG_ON(ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_FOUND);
/* first, try the goal */
err = ext4_mb_find_by_goal(ac, &e4b);
if (err || ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_FOUND)
goto out;
if (unlikely(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY))
goto out;
/*
* ac->ac2_order is set only if the fe_len is a power of 2
* if ac2_order is set we also set criteria to 0 so that we
* try exact allocation using buddy.
*/
i = fls(ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len);
ac->ac_2order = 0;
/*
* We search using buddy data only if the order of the request
* is greater than equal to the sbi_s_mb_order2_reqs
* You can tune it via /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_order2_req
*/
if (i >= sbi->s_mb_order2_reqs) {
/*
* This should tell if fe_len is exactly power of 2
*/
if ((ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len & (~(1 << (i - 1)))) == 0)
ac->ac_2order = i - 1;
}
/* if stream allocation is enabled, use global goal */
if (ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC) {
/* TBD: may be hot point */
spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group = sbi->s_mb_last_group;
ac->ac_g_ex.fe_start = sbi->s_mb_last_start;
spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
}
/* Let's just scan groups to find more-less suitable blocks */
cr = ac->ac_2order ? 0 : 1;
/*
* cr == 0 try to get exact allocation,
* cr == 3 try to get anything
*/
repeat:
for (; cr < 4 && ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_CONTINUE; cr++) {
ac->ac_criteria = cr;
/*
* searching for the right group start
* from the goal value specified
*/
group = ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group;
for (i = 0; i < ngroups; group++, i++) {
if (group == ngroups)
group = 0;
/* This now checks without needing the buddy page */
if (!ext4_mb_good_group(ac, group, cr))
continue;
err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, group, &e4b);
if (err)
goto out;
ext4_lock_group(sb, group);
/*
* We need to check again after locking the
* block group
*/
if (!ext4_mb_good_group(ac, group, cr)) {
ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b);
continue;
}
ac->ac_groups_scanned++;
if (cr == 0)
ext4_mb_simple_scan_group(ac, &e4b);
else if (cr == 1 && sbi->s_stripe &&
!(ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len % sbi->s_stripe))
ext4_mb_scan_aligned(ac, &e4b);
else
ext4_mb_complex_scan_group(ac, &e4b);
ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b);
if (ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_CONTINUE)
break;
}
}
if (ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len > 0 && ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_FOUND &&
!(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST)) {
/*
* We've been searching too long. Let's try to allocate
* the best chunk we've found so far
*/
ext4_mb_try_best_found(ac, &e4b);
if (ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_FOUND) {
/*
* Someone more lucky has already allocated it.
* The only thing we can do is just take first
* found block(s)
printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs: someone won our chunk\n");
*/
ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group = 0;
ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start = 0;
ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len = 0;
ac->ac_status = AC_STATUS_CONTINUE;
ac->ac_flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST;
cr = 3;
atomic_inc(&sbi->s_mb_lost_chunks);
goto repeat;
}
}
out:
return err;
}
static void *ext4_mb_seq_groups_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos)
{
struct super_block *sb = seq->private;
ext4_group_t group;
if (*pos < 0 || *pos >= ext4_get_groups_count(sb))
return NULL;
group = *pos + 1;
return (void *) ((unsigned long) group);
}
static void *ext4_mb_seq_groups_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos)
{
struct super_block *sb = seq->private;
ext4_group_t group;
++*pos;
if (*pos < 0 || *pos >= ext4_get_groups_count(sb))
return NULL;
group = *pos + 1;
return (void *) ((unsigned long) group);
}
static int ext4_mb_seq_groups_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
{
struct super_block *sb = seq->private;
ext4_group_t group = (ext4_group_t) ((unsigned long) v);
int i;
int err;
struct ext4_buddy e4b;
struct sg {
struct ext4_group_info info;
ext4_grpblk_t counters[16];
} sg;
group--;
if (group == 0)
seq_printf(seq, "#%-5s: %-5s %-5s %-5s "
"[ %-5s %-5s %-5s %-5s %-5s %-5s %-5s "
"%-5s %-5s %-5s %-5s %-5s %-5s %-5s ]\n",
"group", "free", "frags", "first",
"2^0", "2^1", "2^2", "2^3", "2^4", "2^5", "2^6",
"2^7", "2^8", "2^9", "2^10", "2^11", "2^12", "2^13");
i = (sb->s_blocksize_bits + 2) * sizeof(sg.info.bb_counters[0]) +
sizeof(struct ext4_group_info);
err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, group, &e4b);
if (err) {
seq_printf(seq, "#%-5u: I/O error\n", group);
return 0;
}
ext4_lock_group(sb, group);
memcpy(&sg, ext4_get_group_info(sb, group), i);
ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b);
seq_printf(seq, "#%-5u: %-5u %-5u %-5u [", group, sg.info.bb_free,
sg.info.bb_fragments, sg.info.bb_first_free);
for (i = 0; i <= 13; i++)
seq_printf(seq, " %-5u", i <= sb->s_blocksize_bits + 1 ?
sg.info.bb_counters[i] : 0);
seq_printf(seq, " ]\n");
return 0;
}
static void ext4_mb_seq_groups_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
{
}
static const struct seq_operations ext4_mb_seq_groups_ops = {
.start = ext4_mb_seq_groups_start,
.next = ext4_mb_seq_groups_next,
.stop = ext4_mb_seq_groups_stop,
.show = ext4_mb_seq_groups_show,
};
static int ext4_mb_seq_groups_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
struct super_block *sb = PDE(inode)->data;
int rc;
rc = seq_open(file, &ext4_mb_seq_groups_ops);
if (rc == 0) {
struct seq_file *m = file->private_data;
m->private = sb;
}
return rc;
}
static const struct file_operations ext4_mb_seq_groups_fops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.open = ext4_mb_seq_groups_open,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = seq_release,
};
static struct kmem_cache *get_groupinfo_cache(int blocksize_bits)
{
int cache_index = blocksize_bits - EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE;
struct kmem_cache *cachep = ext4_groupinfo_caches[cache_index];
BUG_ON(!cachep);
return cachep;
}
/* Create and initialize ext4_group_info data for the given group. */
int ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group,
struct ext4_group_desc *desc)
{
int i;
int metalen = 0;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
struct ext4_group_info **meta_group_info;
struct kmem_cache *cachep = get_groupinfo_cache(sb->s_blocksize_bits);
/*
* First check if this group is the first of a reserved block.
* If it's true, we have to allocate a new table of pointers
* to ext4_group_info structures
*/
if (group % EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) == 0) {
metalen = sizeof(*meta_group_info) <<
EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb);
meta_group_info = kmalloc(metalen, GFP_KERNEL);
if (meta_group_info == NULL) {
printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: can't allocate mem for a "
"buddy group\n");
goto exit_meta_group_info;
}
sbi->s_group_info[group >> EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb)] =
meta_group_info;
}
meta_group_info =
sbi->s_group_info[group >> EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb)];
i = group & (EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1);
meta_group_info[i] = kmem_cache_alloc(cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
if (meta_group_info[i] == NULL) {
printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: can't allocate buddy mem\n");
goto exit_group_info;
}
memset(meta_group_info[i], 0, kmem_cache_size(cachep));
set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT,
&(meta_group_info[i]->bb_state));
/*
* initialize bb_free to be able to skip
* empty groups without initialization
*/
if (desc->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)) {
meta_group_info[i]->bb_free =
ext4_free_blocks_after_init(sb, group, desc);
} else {
meta_group_info[i]->bb_free =
ext4_free_blks_count(sb, desc);
}
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&meta_group_info[i]->bb_prealloc_list);
init_rwsem(&meta_group_info[i]->alloc_sem);
meta_group_info[i]->bb_free_root = RB_ROOT;
meta_group_info[i]->bb_largest_free_order = -1; /* uninit */
#ifdef DOUBLE_CHECK
{
struct buffer_head *bh;
meta_group_info[i]->bb_bitmap =
kmalloc(sb->s_blocksize, GFP_KERNEL);
BUG_ON(meta_group_info[i]->bb_bitmap == NULL);
bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, group);
BUG_ON(bh == NULL);
memcpy(meta_group_info[i]->bb_bitmap, bh->b_data,
sb->s_blocksize);
put_bh(bh);
}
#endif
return 0;
exit_group_info:
/* If a meta_group_info table has been allocated, release it now */
if (group % EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) == 0)
kfree(sbi->s_group_info[group >> EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb)]);
exit_meta_group_info:
return -ENOMEM;
} /* ext4_mb_add_groupinfo */
static int ext4_mb_init_backend(struct super_block *sb)
{
ext4_group_t ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb);
ext4_group_t i;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
int num_meta_group_infos;
int num_meta_group_infos_max;
int array_size;
struct ext4_group_desc *desc;
struct kmem_cache *cachep;
/* This is the number of blocks used by GDT */
num_meta_group_infos = (ngroups + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) -
1) >> EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb);
/*
* This is the total number of blocks used by GDT including
* the number of reserved blocks for GDT.
* The s_group_info array is allocated with this value
* to allow a clean online resize without a complex
* manipulation of pointer.
* The drawback is the unused memory when no resize
* occurs but it's very low in terms of pages
* (see comments below)
* Need to handle this properly when META_BG resizing is allowed
*/
num_meta_group_infos_max = num_meta_group_infos +
le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks);
/*
* array_size is the size of s_group_info array. We round it
* to the next power of two because this approximation is done
* internally by kmalloc so we can have some more memory
* for free here (e.g. may be used for META_BG resize).
*/
array_size = 1;
while (array_size < sizeof(*sbi->s_group_info) *
num_meta_group_infos_max)
array_size = array_size << 1;
/* An 8TB filesystem with 64-bit pointers requires a 4096 byte
* kmalloc. A 128kb malloc should suffice for a 256TB filesystem.
* So a two level scheme suffices for now. */
sbi->s_group_info = kzalloc(array_size, GFP_KERNEL);
if (sbi->s_group_info == NULL) {
printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: can't allocate buddy meta group\n");
return -ENOMEM;
}
sbi->s_buddy_cache = new_inode(sb);
if (sbi->s_buddy_cache == NULL) {
printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: can't get new inode\n");
goto err_freesgi;
}
sbi->s_buddy_cache->i_ino = get_next_ino();
EXT4_I(sbi->s_buddy_cache)->i_disksize = 0;
for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) {
desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL);
if (desc == NULL) {
printk(KERN_ERR
"EXT4-fs: can't read descriptor %u\n", i);
goto err_freebuddy;
}
if (ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(sb, i, desc) != 0)
goto err_freebuddy;
}
return 0;
err_freebuddy:
cachep = get_groupinfo_cache(sb->s_blocksize_bits);
while (i-- > 0)
kmem_cache_free(cachep, ext4_get_group_info(sb, i));
i = num_meta_group_infos;
while (i-- > 0)
kfree(sbi->s_group_info[i]);
iput(sbi->s_buddy_cache);
err_freesgi:
kfree(sbi->s_group_info);
return -ENOMEM;
}
static void ext4_groupinfo_destroy_slabs(void)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < NR_GRPINFO_CACHES; i++) {
if (ext4_groupinfo_caches[i])
kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_groupinfo_caches[i]);
ext4_groupinfo_caches[i] = NULL;
}
}
static int ext4_groupinfo_create_slab(size_t size)
{
static DEFINE_MUTEX(ext4_grpinfo_slab_create_mutex);
int slab_size;
int blocksize_bits = order_base_2(size);
int cache_index = blocksize_bits - EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE;
struct kmem_cache *cachep;
if (cache_index >= NR_GRPINFO_CACHES)
return -EINVAL;
if (unlikely(cache_index < 0))
cache_index = 0;
mutex_lock(&ext4_grpinfo_slab_create_mutex);
if (ext4_groupinfo_caches[cache_index]) {
mutex_unlock(&ext4_grpinfo_slab_create_mutex);
return 0; /* Already created */
}
slab_size = offsetof(struct ext4_group_info,
bb_counters[blocksize_bits + 2]);
cachep = kmem_cache_create(ext4_groupinfo_slab_names[cache_index],
slab_size, 0, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT,
NULL);
mutex_unlock(&ext4_grpinfo_slab_create_mutex);
if (!cachep) {
printk(KERN_EMERG "EXT4: no memory for groupinfo slab cache\n");
return -ENOMEM;
}
ext4_groupinfo_caches[cache_index] = cachep;
return 0;
}
int ext4_mb_init(struct super_block *sb, int needs_recovery)
{
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
unsigned i, j;
unsigned offset;
unsigned max;
int ret;
i = (sb->s_blocksize_bits + 2) * sizeof(*sbi->s_mb_offsets);
sbi->s_mb_offsets = kmalloc(i, GFP_KERNEL);
if (sbi->s_mb_offsets == NULL) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
i = (sb->s_blocksize_bits + 2) * sizeof(*sbi->s_mb_maxs);
sbi->s_mb_maxs = kmalloc(i, GFP_KERNEL);
if (sbi->s_mb_maxs == NULL) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
ret = ext4_groupinfo_create_slab(sb->s_blocksize);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
/* order 0 is regular bitmap */
sbi->s_mb_maxs[0] = sb->s_blocksize << 3;
sbi->s_mb_offsets[0] = 0;
i = 1;
offset = 0;
max = sb->s_blocksize << 2;
do {
sbi->s_mb_offsets[i] = offset;
sbi->s_mb_maxs[i] = max;
offset += 1 << (sb->s_blocksize_bits - i);
max = max >> 1;
i++;
} while (i <= sb->s_blocksize_bits + 1);
/* init file for buddy data */
ret = ext4_mb_init_backend(sb);
if (ret != 0) {
goto out;
}
spin_lock_init(&sbi->s_md_lock);
spin_lock_init(&sbi->s_bal_lock);
sbi->s_mb_max_to_scan = MB_DEFAULT_MAX_TO_SCAN;
sbi->s_mb_min_to_scan = MB_DEFAULT_MIN_TO_SCAN;
sbi->s_mb_stats = MB_DEFAULT_STATS;
sbi->s_mb_stream_request = MB_DEFAULT_STREAM_THRESHOLD;
sbi->s_mb_order2_reqs = MB_DEFAULT_ORDER2_REQS;
sbi->s_mb_group_prealloc = MB_DEFAULT_GROUP_PREALLOC;
sbi->s_locality_groups = alloc_percpu(struct ext4_locality_group);
if (sbi->s_locality_groups == NULL) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
struct ext4_locality_group *lg;
lg = per_cpu_ptr(sbi->s_locality_groups, i);
mutex_init(&lg->lg_mutex);
for (j = 0; j < PREALLOC_TB_SIZE; j++)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&lg->lg_prealloc_list[j]);
spin_lock_init(&lg->lg_prealloc_lock);
}
if (sbi->s_proc)
proc_create_data("mb_groups", S_IRUGO, sbi->s_proc,
&ext4_mb_seq_groups_fops, sb);
if (sbi->s_journal)
sbi->s_journal->j_commit_callback = release_blocks_on_commit;
out:
if (ret) {
kfree(sbi->s_mb_offsets);
kfree(sbi->s_mb_maxs);
}
return ret;
}
/* need to called with the ext4 group lock held */
static void ext4_mb_cleanup_pa(struct ext4_group_info *grp)
{
struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa;
struct list_head *cur, *tmp;
int count = 0;
list_for_each_safe(cur, tmp, &grp->bb_prealloc_list) {
pa = list_entry(cur, struct ext4_prealloc_space, pa_group_list);
list_del(&pa->pa_group_list);
count++;
kmem_cache_free(ext4_pspace_cachep, pa);
}
if (count)
mb_debug(1, "mballoc: %u PAs left\n", count);
}
int ext4_mb_release(struct super_block *sb)
{
ext4_group_t ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb);
ext4_group_t i;
int num_meta_group_infos;
struct ext4_group_info *grinfo;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
struct kmem_cache *cachep = get_groupinfo_cache(sb->s_blocksize_bits);
if (sbi->s_group_info) {
for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) {
grinfo = ext4_get_group_info(sb, i);
#ifdef DOUBLE_CHECK
kfree(grinfo->bb_bitmap);
#endif
ext4_lock_group(sb, i);
ext4_mb_cleanup_pa(grinfo);
ext4_unlock_group(sb, i);
kmem_cache_free(cachep, grinfo);
}
num_meta_group_infos = (ngroups +
EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1) >>
EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb);
for (i = 0; i < num_meta_group_infos; i++)
kfree(sbi->s_group_info[i]);
kfree(sbi->s_group_info);
}
kfree(sbi->s_mb_offsets);
kfree(sbi->s_mb_maxs);
if (sbi->s_buddy_cache)
iput(sbi->s_buddy_cache);
if (sbi->s_mb_stats) {
printk(KERN_INFO
"EXT4-fs: mballoc: %u blocks %u reqs (%u success)\n",
atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_allocated),
atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_reqs),
atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_success));
printk(KERN_INFO
"EXT4-fs: mballoc: %u extents scanned, %u goal hits, "
"%u 2^N hits, %u breaks, %u lost\n",
atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_ex_scanned),
atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_goals),
atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_2orders),
atomic_read(&sbi->s_bal_breaks),
atomic_read(&sbi->s_mb_lost_chunks));
printk(KERN_INFO
"EXT4-fs: mballoc: %lu generated and it took %Lu\n",
sbi->s_mb_buddies_generated++,
sbi->s_mb_generation_time);
printk(KERN_INFO
"EXT4-fs: mballoc: %u preallocated, %u discarded\n",
atomic_read(&sbi->s_mb_preallocated),
atomic_read(&sbi->s_mb_discarded));
}
free_percpu(sbi->s_locality_groups);
if (sbi->s_proc)
remove_proc_entry("mb_groups", sbi->s_proc);
return 0;
}
static inline int ext4_issue_discard(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_group_t block_group, ext4_grpblk_t block, int count)
{
ext4_fsblk_t discard_block;
discard_block = block + ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, block_group);
trace_ext4_discard_blocks(sb,
(unsigned long long) discard_block, count);
return sb_issue_discard(sb, discard_block, count, GFP_NOFS, 0);
}
/*
* This function is called by the jbd2 layer once the commit has finished,
* so we know we can free the blocks that were released with that commit.
*/
static void release_blocks_on_commit(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *txn)
{
struct super_block *sb = journal->j_private;
struct ext4_buddy e4b;
struct ext4_group_info *db;
int err, count = 0, count2 = 0;
struct ext4_free_data *entry;
struct list_head *l, *ltmp;
list_for_each_safe(l, ltmp, &txn->t_private_list) {
entry = list_entry(l, struct ext4_free_data, list);
mb_debug(1, "gonna free %u blocks in group %u (0x%p):",
entry->count, entry->group, entry);
if (test_opt(sb, DISCARD))
ext4_issue_discard(sb, entry->group,
entry->start_blk, entry->count);
err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, entry->group, &e4b);
/* we expect to find existing buddy because it's pinned */
BUG_ON(err != 0);
db = e4b.bd_info;
/* there are blocks to put in buddy to make them really free */
count += entry->count;
count2++;
ext4_lock_group(sb, entry->group);
/* Take it out of per group rb tree */
rb_erase(&entry->node, &(db->bb_free_root));
mb_free_blocks(NULL, &e4b, entry->start_blk, entry->count);
if (!db->bb_free_root.rb_node) {
/* No more items in the per group rb tree
* balance refcounts from ext4_mb_free_metadata()
*/
page_cache_release(e4b.bd_buddy_page);
page_cache_release(e4b.bd_bitmap_page);
}
ext4_unlock_group(sb, entry->group);
kmem_cache_free(ext4_free_ext_cachep, entry);
ext4_mb_unload_buddy(&e4b);
}
mb_debug(1, "freed %u blocks in %u structures\n", count, count2);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG
u8 mb_enable_debug __read_mostly;
static struct dentry *debugfs_dir;
static struct dentry *debugfs_debug;
static void __init ext4_create_debugfs_entry(void)
{
debugfs_dir = debugfs_create_dir("ext4", NULL);
if (debugfs_dir)
debugfs_debug = debugfs_create_u8("mballoc-debug",
S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR,
debugfs_dir,
&mb_enable_debug);
}
static void ext4_remove_debugfs_entry(void)
{
debugfs_remove(debugfs_debug);
debugfs_remove(debugfs_dir);
}
#else
static void __init ext4_create_debugfs_entry(void)
{
}
static void ext4_remove_debugfs_entry(void)
{
}
#endif
int __init ext4_init_mballoc(void)
{
ext4_pspace_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(ext4_prealloc_space,
SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT);
if (ext4_pspace_cachep == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
ext4_ac_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(ext4_allocation_context,
SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT);
if (ext4_ac_cachep == NULL) {
kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_pspace_cachep);
return -ENOMEM;
}
ext4_free_ext_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(ext4_free_data,
SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT);
if (ext4_free_ext_cachep == NULL) {
kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_pspace_cachep);
kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_ac_cachep);
return -ENOMEM;
}
ext4_create_debugfs_entry();
return 0;
}
void ext4_exit_mballoc(void)
{
/*
* Wait for completion of call_rcu()'s on ext4_pspace_cachep
* before destroying the slab cache.
*/
rcu_barrier();
kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_pspace_cachep);
kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_ac_cachep);
kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_free_ext_cachep);
ext4_groupinfo_destroy_slabs();
ext4_remove_debugfs_entry();
}
/*
* Check quota and mark chosen space (ac->ac_b_ex) non-free in bitmaps
* Returns 0 if success or error code
*/
static noinline_for_stack int
ext4_mb_mark_diskspace_used(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
handle_t *handle, unsigned int reserv_blks)
{
struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL;
struct ext4_group_desc *gdp;
struct buffer_head *gdp_bh;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi;
struct super_block *sb;
ext4_fsblk_t block;
int err, len;
BUG_ON(ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_FOUND);
BUG_ON(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len <= 0);
sb = ac->ac_sb;
sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
err = -EIO;
bitmap_bh = ext4_read_block_bitmap(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group);
if (!bitmap_bh)
goto out_err;
err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bitmap_bh);
if (err)
goto out_err;
err = -EIO;
gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group, &gdp_bh);
if (!gdp)
goto out_err;
ext4_debug("using block group %u(%d)\n", ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group,
ext4_free_blks_count(sb, gdp));
err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, gdp_bh);
if (err)
goto out_err;
block = ext4_grp_offs_to_block(sb, &ac->ac_b_ex);
len = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len;
if (!ext4_data_block_valid(sbi, block, len)) {
ext4_error(sb, "Allocating blocks %llu-%llu which overlap "
"fs metadata\n", block, block+len);
/* File system mounted not to panic on error
* Fix the bitmap and repeat the block allocation
* We leak some of the blocks here.
*/
ext4_lock_group(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group);
mb_set_bits(bitmap_bh->b_data, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start,
ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len);
ext4_unlock_group(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group);
err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bitmap_bh);
if (!err)
err = -EAGAIN;
goto out_err;
}
ext4_lock_group(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group);
#ifdef AGGRESSIVE_CHECK
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len; i++) {
BUG_ON(mb_test_bit(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start + i,
bitmap_bh->b_data));