blob: 93986f879b09ef2a1e46a8ef4932bd8e0c608070 [file] [log] [blame]
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
// SPI init/core code
//
// Copyright (C) 2005 David Brownell
// Copyright (C) 2008 Secret Lab Technologies Ltd.
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
#include <linux/dmaengine.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/of_device.h>
#include <linux/of_irq.h>
#include <linux/clk/clk-conf.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
#include <linux/spi/spi-mem.h>
#include <linux/of_gpio.h>
#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
#include <linux/pm_domain.h>
#include <linux/property.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/sched/rt.h>
#include <uapi/linux/sched/types.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/acpi.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/platform_data/x86/apple.h>
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/spi.h>
#include "internals.h"
static DEFINE_IDR(spi_master_idr);
static void spidev_release(struct device *dev)
{
struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev);
/* spi controllers may cleanup for released devices */
if (spi->controller->cleanup)
spi->controller->cleanup(spi);
spi_controller_put(spi->controller);
kfree(spi->driver_override);
kfree(spi);
}
static ssize_t
modalias_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *a, char *buf)
{
const struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev);
int len;
len = acpi_device_modalias(dev, buf, PAGE_SIZE - 1);
if (len != -ENODEV)
return len;
return sprintf(buf, "%s%s\n", SPI_MODULE_PREFIX, spi->modalias);
}
static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(modalias);
static ssize_t driver_override_store(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *a,
const char *buf, size_t count)
{
struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev);
const char *end = memchr(buf, '\n', count);
const size_t len = end ? end - buf : count;
const char *driver_override, *old;
/* We need to keep extra room for a newline when displaying value */
if (len >= (PAGE_SIZE - 1))
return -EINVAL;
driver_override = kstrndup(buf, len, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!driver_override)
return -ENOMEM;
device_lock(dev);
old = spi->driver_override;
if (len) {
spi->driver_override = driver_override;
} else {
/* Emptry string, disable driver override */
spi->driver_override = NULL;
kfree(driver_override);
}
device_unlock(dev);
kfree(old);
return count;
}
static ssize_t driver_override_show(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *a, char *buf)
{
const struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev);
ssize_t len;
device_lock(dev);
len = snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%s\n", spi->driver_override ? : "");
device_unlock(dev);
return len;
}
static DEVICE_ATTR_RW(driver_override);
#define SPI_STATISTICS_ATTRS(field, file) \
static ssize_t spi_controller_##field##_show(struct device *dev, \
struct device_attribute *attr, \
char *buf) \
{ \
struct spi_controller *ctlr = container_of(dev, \
struct spi_controller, dev); \
return spi_statistics_##field##_show(&ctlr->statistics, buf); \
} \
static struct device_attribute dev_attr_spi_controller_##field = { \
.attr = { .name = file, .mode = 0444 }, \
.show = spi_controller_##field##_show, \
}; \
static ssize_t spi_device_##field##_show(struct device *dev, \
struct device_attribute *attr, \
char *buf) \
{ \
struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev); \
return spi_statistics_##field##_show(&spi->statistics, buf); \
} \
static struct device_attribute dev_attr_spi_device_##field = { \
.attr = { .name = file, .mode = 0444 }, \
.show = spi_device_##field##_show, \
}
#define SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW_NAME(name, file, field, format_string) \
static ssize_t spi_statistics_##name##_show(struct spi_statistics *stat, \
char *buf) \
{ \
unsigned long flags; \
ssize_t len; \
spin_lock_irqsave(&stat->lock, flags); \
len = sprintf(buf, format_string, stat->field); \
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&stat->lock, flags); \
return len; \
} \
SPI_STATISTICS_ATTRS(name, file)
#define SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW(field, format_string) \
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW_NAME(field, __stringify(field), \
field, format_string)
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW(messages, "%lu");
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW(transfers, "%lu");
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW(errors, "%lu");
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW(timedout, "%lu");
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW(spi_sync, "%lu");
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW(spi_sync_immediate, "%lu");
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW(spi_async, "%lu");
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW(bytes, "%llu");
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW(bytes_rx, "%llu");
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW(bytes_tx, "%llu");
#define SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(index, number) \
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW_NAME(transfer_bytes_histo##index, \
"transfer_bytes_histo_" number, \
transfer_bytes_histo[index], "%lu")
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(0, "0-1");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(1, "2-3");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(2, "4-7");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(3, "8-15");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(4, "16-31");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(5, "32-63");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(6, "64-127");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(7, "128-255");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(8, "256-511");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(9, "512-1023");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(10, "1024-2047");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(11, "2048-4095");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(12, "4096-8191");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(13, "8192-16383");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(14, "16384-32767");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(15, "32768-65535");
SPI_STATISTICS_TRANSFER_BYTES_HISTO(16, "65536+");
SPI_STATISTICS_SHOW(transfers_split_maxsize, "%lu");
static struct attribute *spi_dev_attrs[] = {
&dev_attr_modalias.attr,
&dev_attr_driver_override.attr,
NULL,
};
static const struct attribute_group spi_dev_group = {
.attrs = spi_dev_attrs,
};
static struct attribute *spi_device_statistics_attrs[] = {
&dev_attr_spi_device_messages.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfers.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_errors.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_timedout.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_spi_sync.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_spi_sync_immediate.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_spi_async.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_bytes.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_bytes_rx.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_bytes_tx.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo0.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo1.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo2.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo3.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo4.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo5.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo6.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo7.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo8.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo9.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo10.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo11.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo12.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo13.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo14.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo15.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfer_bytes_histo16.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_device_transfers_split_maxsize.attr,
NULL,
};
static const struct attribute_group spi_device_statistics_group = {
.name = "statistics",
.attrs = spi_device_statistics_attrs,
};
static const struct attribute_group *spi_dev_groups[] = {
&spi_dev_group,
&spi_device_statistics_group,
NULL,
};
static struct attribute *spi_controller_statistics_attrs[] = {
&dev_attr_spi_controller_messages.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfers.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_errors.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_timedout.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_spi_sync.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_spi_sync_immediate.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_spi_async.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_bytes.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_bytes_rx.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_bytes_tx.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo0.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo1.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo2.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo3.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo4.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo5.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo6.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo7.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo8.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo9.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo10.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo11.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo12.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo13.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo14.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo15.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfer_bytes_histo16.attr,
&dev_attr_spi_controller_transfers_split_maxsize.attr,
NULL,
};
static const struct attribute_group spi_controller_statistics_group = {
.name = "statistics",
.attrs = spi_controller_statistics_attrs,
};
static const struct attribute_group *spi_master_groups[] = {
&spi_controller_statistics_group,
NULL,
};
void spi_statistics_add_transfer_stats(struct spi_statistics *stats,
struct spi_transfer *xfer,
struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
unsigned long flags;
int l2len = min(fls(xfer->len), SPI_STATISTICS_HISTO_SIZE) - 1;
if (l2len < 0)
l2len = 0;
spin_lock_irqsave(&stats->lock, flags);
stats->transfers++;
stats->transfer_bytes_histo[l2len]++;
stats->bytes += xfer->len;
if ((xfer->tx_buf) &&
(xfer->tx_buf != ctlr->dummy_tx))
stats->bytes_tx += xfer->len;
if ((xfer->rx_buf) &&
(xfer->rx_buf != ctlr->dummy_rx))
stats->bytes_rx += xfer->len;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&stats->lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_statistics_add_transfer_stats);
/* modalias support makes "modprobe $MODALIAS" new-style hotplug work,
* and the sysfs version makes coldplug work too.
*/
static const struct spi_device_id *spi_match_id(const struct spi_device_id *id,
const struct spi_device *sdev)
{
while (id->name[0]) {
if (!strcmp(sdev->modalias, id->name))
return id;
id++;
}
return NULL;
}
const struct spi_device_id *spi_get_device_id(const struct spi_device *sdev)
{
const struct spi_driver *sdrv = to_spi_driver(sdev->dev.driver);
return spi_match_id(sdrv->id_table, sdev);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_get_device_id);
static int spi_match_device(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
{
const struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev);
const struct spi_driver *sdrv = to_spi_driver(drv);
/* Check override first, and if set, only use the named driver */
if (spi->driver_override)
return strcmp(spi->driver_override, drv->name) == 0;
/* Attempt an OF style match */
if (of_driver_match_device(dev, drv))
return 1;
/* Then try ACPI */
if (acpi_driver_match_device(dev, drv))
return 1;
if (sdrv->id_table)
return !!spi_match_id(sdrv->id_table, spi);
return strcmp(spi->modalias, drv->name) == 0;
}
static int spi_uevent(struct device *dev, struct kobj_uevent_env *env)
{
const struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev);
int rc;
rc = acpi_device_uevent_modalias(dev, env);
if (rc != -ENODEV)
return rc;
return add_uevent_var(env, "MODALIAS=%s%s", SPI_MODULE_PREFIX, spi->modalias);
}
struct bus_type spi_bus_type = {
.name = "spi",
.dev_groups = spi_dev_groups,
.match = spi_match_device,
.uevent = spi_uevent,
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_bus_type);
static int spi_drv_probe(struct device *dev)
{
const struct spi_driver *sdrv = to_spi_driver(dev->driver);
struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev);
int ret;
ret = of_clk_set_defaults(dev->of_node, false);
if (ret)
return ret;
if (dev->of_node) {
spi->irq = of_irq_get(dev->of_node, 0);
if (spi->irq == -EPROBE_DEFER)
return -EPROBE_DEFER;
if (spi->irq < 0)
spi->irq = 0;
}
ret = dev_pm_domain_attach(dev, true);
if (ret)
return ret;
ret = sdrv->probe(spi);
if (ret)
dev_pm_domain_detach(dev, true);
return ret;
}
static int spi_drv_remove(struct device *dev)
{
const struct spi_driver *sdrv = to_spi_driver(dev->driver);
int ret;
ret = sdrv->remove(to_spi_device(dev));
dev_pm_domain_detach(dev, true);
return ret;
}
static void spi_drv_shutdown(struct device *dev)
{
const struct spi_driver *sdrv = to_spi_driver(dev->driver);
sdrv->shutdown(to_spi_device(dev));
}
/**
* __spi_register_driver - register a SPI driver
* @owner: owner module of the driver to register
* @sdrv: the driver to register
* Context: can sleep
*
* Return: zero on success, else a negative error code.
*/
int __spi_register_driver(struct module *owner, struct spi_driver *sdrv)
{
sdrv->driver.owner = owner;
sdrv->driver.bus = &spi_bus_type;
if (sdrv->probe)
sdrv->driver.probe = spi_drv_probe;
if (sdrv->remove)
sdrv->driver.remove = spi_drv_remove;
if (sdrv->shutdown)
sdrv->driver.shutdown = spi_drv_shutdown;
return driver_register(&sdrv->driver);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__spi_register_driver);
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* SPI devices should normally not be created by SPI device drivers; that
* would make them board-specific. Similarly with SPI controller drivers.
* Device registration normally goes into like arch/.../mach.../board-YYY.c
* with other readonly (flashable) information about mainboard devices.
*/
struct boardinfo {
struct list_head list;
struct spi_board_info board_info;
};
static LIST_HEAD(board_list);
static LIST_HEAD(spi_controller_list);
/*
* Used to protect add/del opertion for board_info list and
* spi_controller list, and their matching process
* also used to protect object of type struct idr
*/
static DEFINE_MUTEX(board_lock);
/**
* spi_alloc_device - Allocate a new SPI device
* @ctlr: Controller to which device is connected
* Context: can sleep
*
* Allows a driver to allocate and initialize a spi_device without
* registering it immediately. This allows a driver to directly
* fill the spi_device with device parameters before calling
* spi_add_device() on it.
*
* Caller is responsible to call spi_add_device() on the returned
* spi_device structure to add it to the SPI controller. If the caller
* needs to discard the spi_device without adding it, then it should
* call spi_dev_put() on it.
*
* Return: a pointer to the new device, or NULL.
*/
struct spi_device *spi_alloc_device(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
struct spi_device *spi;
if (!spi_controller_get(ctlr))
return NULL;
spi = kzalloc(sizeof(*spi), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!spi) {
spi_controller_put(ctlr);
return NULL;
}
spi->master = spi->controller = ctlr;
spi->dev.parent = &ctlr->dev;
spi->dev.bus = &spi_bus_type;
spi->dev.release = spidev_release;
spi->cs_gpio = -ENOENT;
spin_lock_init(&spi->statistics.lock);
device_initialize(&spi->dev);
return spi;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_alloc_device);
static void spi_dev_set_name(struct spi_device *spi)
{
struct acpi_device *adev = ACPI_COMPANION(&spi->dev);
if (adev) {
dev_set_name(&spi->dev, "spi-%s", acpi_dev_name(adev));
return;
}
dev_set_name(&spi->dev, "%s.%u", dev_name(&spi->controller->dev),
spi->chip_select);
}
static int spi_dev_check(struct device *dev, void *data)
{
struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev);
struct spi_device *new_spi = data;
if (spi->controller == new_spi->controller &&
spi->chip_select == new_spi->chip_select)
return -EBUSY;
return 0;
}
/**
* spi_add_device - Add spi_device allocated with spi_alloc_device
* @spi: spi_device to register
*
* Companion function to spi_alloc_device. Devices allocated with
* spi_alloc_device can be added onto the spi bus with this function.
*
* Return: 0 on success; negative errno on failure
*/
int spi_add_device(struct spi_device *spi)
{
static DEFINE_MUTEX(spi_add_lock);
struct spi_controller *ctlr = spi->controller;
struct device *dev = ctlr->dev.parent;
int status;
/* Chipselects are numbered 0..max; validate. */
if (spi->chip_select >= ctlr->num_chipselect) {
dev_err(dev, "cs%d >= max %d\n", spi->chip_select,
ctlr->num_chipselect);
return -EINVAL;
}
/* Set the bus ID string */
spi_dev_set_name(spi);
/* We need to make sure there's no other device with this
* chipselect **BEFORE** we call setup(), else we'll trash
* its configuration. Lock against concurrent add() calls.
*/
mutex_lock(&spi_add_lock);
status = bus_for_each_dev(&spi_bus_type, NULL, spi, spi_dev_check);
if (status) {
dev_err(dev, "chipselect %d already in use\n",
spi->chip_select);
goto done;
}
/* Descriptors take precedence */
if (ctlr->cs_gpiods)
spi->cs_gpiod = ctlr->cs_gpiods[spi->chip_select];
else if (ctlr->cs_gpios)
spi->cs_gpio = ctlr->cs_gpios[spi->chip_select];
/* Drivers may modify this initial i/o setup, but will
* normally rely on the device being setup. Devices
* using SPI_CS_HIGH can't coexist well otherwise...
*/
status = spi_setup(spi);
if (status < 0) {
dev_err(dev, "can't setup %s, status %d\n",
dev_name(&spi->dev), status);
goto done;
}
/* Device may be bound to an active driver when this returns */
status = device_add(&spi->dev);
if (status < 0)
dev_err(dev, "can't add %s, status %d\n",
dev_name(&spi->dev), status);
else
dev_dbg(dev, "registered child %s\n", dev_name(&spi->dev));
done:
mutex_unlock(&spi_add_lock);
return status;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_add_device);
/**
* spi_new_device - instantiate one new SPI device
* @ctlr: Controller to which device is connected
* @chip: Describes the SPI device
* Context: can sleep
*
* On typical mainboards, this is purely internal; and it's not needed
* after board init creates the hard-wired devices. Some development
* platforms may not be able to use spi_register_board_info though, and
* this is exported so that for example a USB or parport based adapter
* driver could add devices (which it would learn about out-of-band).
*
* Return: the new device, or NULL.
*/
struct spi_device *spi_new_device(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
struct spi_board_info *chip)
{
struct spi_device *proxy;
int status;
/* NOTE: caller did any chip->bus_num checks necessary.
*
* Also, unless we change the return value convention to use
* error-or-pointer (not NULL-or-pointer), troubleshootability
* suggests syslogged diagnostics are best here (ugh).
*/
proxy = spi_alloc_device(ctlr);
if (!proxy)
return NULL;
WARN_ON(strlen(chip->modalias) >= sizeof(proxy->modalias));
proxy->chip_select = chip->chip_select;
proxy->max_speed_hz = chip->max_speed_hz;
proxy->mode = chip->mode;
proxy->irq = chip->irq;
strlcpy(proxy->modalias, chip->modalias, sizeof(proxy->modalias));
proxy->dev.platform_data = (void *) chip->platform_data;
proxy->controller_data = chip->controller_data;
proxy->controller_state = NULL;
if (chip->properties) {
status = device_add_properties(&proxy->dev, chip->properties);
if (status) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev,
"failed to add properties to '%s': %d\n",
chip->modalias, status);
goto err_dev_put;
}
}
status = spi_add_device(proxy);
if (status < 0)
goto err_remove_props;
return proxy;
err_remove_props:
if (chip->properties)
device_remove_properties(&proxy->dev);
err_dev_put:
spi_dev_put(proxy);
return NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_new_device);
/**
* spi_unregister_device - unregister a single SPI device
* @spi: spi_device to unregister
*
* Start making the passed SPI device vanish. Normally this would be handled
* by spi_unregister_controller().
*/
void spi_unregister_device(struct spi_device *spi)
{
if (!spi)
return;
if (spi->dev.of_node) {
of_node_clear_flag(spi->dev.of_node, OF_POPULATED);
of_node_put(spi->dev.of_node);
}
if (ACPI_COMPANION(&spi->dev))
acpi_device_clear_enumerated(ACPI_COMPANION(&spi->dev));
device_unregister(&spi->dev);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_unregister_device);
static void spi_match_controller_to_boardinfo(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
struct spi_board_info *bi)
{
struct spi_device *dev;
if (ctlr->bus_num != bi->bus_num)
return;
dev = spi_new_device(ctlr, bi);
if (!dev)
dev_err(ctlr->dev.parent, "can't create new device for %s\n",
bi->modalias);
}
/**
* spi_register_board_info - register SPI devices for a given board
* @info: array of chip descriptors
* @n: how many descriptors are provided
* Context: can sleep
*
* Board-specific early init code calls this (probably during arch_initcall)
* with segments of the SPI device table. Any device nodes are created later,
* after the relevant parent SPI controller (bus_num) is defined. We keep
* this table of devices forever, so that reloading a controller driver will
* not make Linux forget about these hard-wired devices.
*
* Other code can also call this, e.g. a particular add-on board might provide
* SPI devices through its expansion connector, so code initializing that board
* would naturally declare its SPI devices.
*
* The board info passed can safely be __initdata ... but be careful of
* any embedded pointers (platform_data, etc), they're copied as-is.
* Device properties are deep-copied though.
*
* Return: zero on success, else a negative error code.
*/
int spi_register_board_info(struct spi_board_info const *info, unsigned n)
{
struct boardinfo *bi;
int i;
if (!n)
return 0;
bi = kcalloc(n, sizeof(*bi), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!bi)
return -ENOMEM;
for (i = 0; i < n; i++, bi++, info++) {
struct spi_controller *ctlr;
memcpy(&bi->board_info, info, sizeof(*info));
if (info->properties) {
bi->board_info.properties =
property_entries_dup(info->properties);
if (IS_ERR(bi->board_info.properties))
return PTR_ERR(bi->board_info.properties);
}
mutex_lock(&board_lock);
list_add_tail(&bi->list, &board_list);
list_for_each_entry(ctlr, &spi_controller_list, list)
spi_match_controller_to_boardinfo(ctlr,
&bi->board_info);
mutex_unlock(&board_lock);
}
return 0;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static void spi_set_cs(struct spi_device *spi, bool enable)
{
if (spi->mode & SPI_CS_HIGH)
enable = !enable;
if (spi->cs_gpiod || gpio_is_valid(spi->cs_gpio)) {
/*
* Honour the SPI_NO_CS flag and invert the enable line, as
* active low is default for SPI. Execution paths that handle
* polarity inversion in gpiolib (such as device tree) will
* enforce active high using the SPI_CS_HIGH resulting in a
* double inversion through the code above.
*/
if (!(spi->mode & SPI_NO_CS)) {
if (spi->cs_gpiod)
gpiod_set_value_cansleep(spi->cs_gpiod,
!enable);
else
gpio_set_value_cansleep(spi->cs_gpio, !enable);
}
/* Some SPI masters need both GPIO CS & slave_select */
if ((spi->controller->flags & SPI_MASTER_GPIO_SS) &&
spi->controller->set_cs)
spi->controller->set_cs(spi, !enable);
} else if (spi->controller->set_cs) {
spi->controller->set_cs(spi, !enable);
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HAS_DMA
int spi_map_buf(struct spi_controller *ctlr, struct device *dev,
struct sg_table *sgt, void *buf, size_t len,
enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
const bool vmalloced_buf = is_vmalloc_addr(buf);
unsigned int max_seg_size = dma_get_max_seg_size(dev);
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
const bool kmap_buf = ((unsigned long)buf >= PKMAP_BASE &&
(unsigned long)buf < (PKMAP_BASE +
(LAST_PKMAP * PAGE_SIZE)));
#else
const bool kmap_buf = false;
#endif
int desc_len;
int sgs;
struct page *vm_page;
struct scatterlist *sg;
void *sg_buf;
size_t min;
int i, ret;
if (vmalloced_buf || kmap_buf) {
desc_len = min_t(int, max_seg_size, PAGE_SIZE);
sgs = DIV_ROUND_UP(len + offset_in_page(buf), desc_len);
} else if (virt_addr_valid(buf)) {
desc_len = min_t(int, max_seg_size, ctlr->max_dma_len);
sgs = DIV_ROUND_UP(len, desc_len);
} else {
return -EINVAL;
}
ret = sg_alloc_table(sgt, sgs, GFP_KERNEL);
if (ret != 0)
return ret;
sg = &sgt->sgl[0];
for (i = 0; i < sgs; i++) {
if (vmalloced_buf || kmap_buf) {
/*
* Next scatterlist entry size is the minimum between
* the desc_len and the remaining buffer length that
* fits in a page.
*/
min = min_t(size_t, desc_len,
min_t(size_t, len,
PAGE_SIZE - offset_in_page(buf)));
if (vmalloced_buf)
vm_page = vmalloc_to_page(buf);
else
vm_page = kmap_to_page(buf);
if (!vm_page) {
sg_free_table(sgt);
return -ENOMEM;
}
sg_set_page(sg, vm_page,
min, offset_in_page(buf));
} else {
min = min_t(size_t, len, desc_len);
sg_buf = buf;
sg_set_buf(sg, sg_buf, min);
}
buf += min;
len -= min;
sg = sg_next(sg);
}
ret = dma_map_sg(dev, sgt->sgl, sgt->nents, dir);
if (!ret)
ret = -ENOMEM;
if (ret < 0) {
sg_free_table(sgt);
return ret;
}
sgt->nents = ret;
return 0;
}
void spi_unmap_buf(struct spi_controller *ctlr, struct device *dev,
struct sg_table *sgt, enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
if (sgt->orig_nents) {
dma_unmap_sg(dev, sgt->sgl, sgt->orig_nents, dir);
sg_free_table(sgt);
}
}
static int __spi_map_msg(struct spi_controller *ctlr, struct spi_message *msg)
{
struct device *tx_dev, *rx_dev;
struct spi_transfer *xfer;
int ret;
if (!ctlr->can_dma)
return 0;
if (ctlr->dma_tx)
tx_dev = ctlr->dma_tx->device->dev;
else
tx_dev = ctlr->dev.parent;
if (ctlr->dma_rx)
rx_dev = ctlr->dma_rx->device->dev;
else
rx_dev = ctlr->dev.parent;
list_for_each_entry(xfer, &msg->transfers, transfer_list) {
if (!ctlr->can_dma(ctlr, msg->spi, xfer))
continue;
if (xfer->tx_buf != NULL) {
ret = spi_map_buf(ctlr, tx_dev, &xfer->tx_sg,
(void *)xfer->tx_buf, xfer->len,
DMA_TO_DEVICE);
if (ret != 0)
return ret;
}
if (xfer->rx_buf != NULL) {
ret = spi_map_buf(ctlr, rx_dev, &xfer->rx_sg,
xfer->rx_buf, xfer->len,
DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
if (ret != 0) {
spi_unmap_buf(ctlr, tx_dev, &xfer->tx_sg,
DMA_TO_DEVICE);
return ret;
}
}
}
ctlr->cur_msg_mapped = true;
return 0;
}
static int __spi_unmap_msg(struct spi_controller *ctlr, struct spi_message *msg)
{
struct spi_transfer *xfer;
struct device *tx_dev, *rx_dev;
if (!ctlr->cur_msg_mapped || !ctlr->can_dma)
return 0;
if (ctlr->dma_tx)
tx_dev = ctlr->dma_tx->device->dev;
else
tx_dev = ctlr->dev.parent;
if (ctlr->dma_rx)
rx_dev = ctlr->dma_rx->device->dev;
else
rx_dev = ctlr->dev.parent;
list_for_each_entry(xfer, &msg->transfers, transfer_list) {
if (!ctlr->can_dma(ctlr, msg->spi, xfer))
continue;
spi_unmap_buf(ctlr, rx_dev, &xfer->rx_sg, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
spi_unmap_buf(ctlr, tx_dev, &xfer->tx_sg, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
}
return 0;
}
#else /* !CONFIG_HAS_DMA */
static inline int __spi_map_msg(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
struct spi_message *msg)
{
return 0;
}
static inline int __spi_unmap_msg(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
struct spi_message *msg)
{
return 0;
}
#endif /* !CONFIG_HAS_DMA */
static inline int spi_unmap_msg(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
struct spi_message *msg)
{
struct spi_transfer *xfer;
list_for_each_entry(xfer, &msg->transfers, transfer_list) {
/*
* Restore the original value of tx_buf or rx_buf if they are
* NULL.
*/
if (xfer->tx_buf == ctlr->dummy_tx)
xfer->tx_buf = NULL;
if (xfer->rx_buf == ctlr->dummy_rx)
xfer->rx_buf = NULL;
}
return __spi_unmap_msg(ctlr, msg);
}
static int spi_map_msg(struct spi_controller *ctlr, struct spi_message *msg)
{
struct spi_transfer *xfer;
void *tmp;
unsigned int max_tx, max_rx;
if (ctlr->flags & (SPI_CONTROLLER_MUST_RX | SPI_CONTROLLER_MUST_TX)) {
max_tx = 0;
max_rx = 0;
list_for_each_entry(xfer, &msg->transfers, transfer_list) {
if ((ctlr->flags & SPI_CONTROLLER_MUST_TX) &&
!xfer->tx_buf)
max_tx = max(xfer->len, max_tx);
if ((ctlr->flags & SPI_CONTROLLER_MUST_RX) &&
!xfer->rx_buf)
max_rx = max(xfer->len, max_rx);
}
if (max_tx) {
tmp = krealloc(ctlr->dummy_tx, max_tx,
GFP_KERNEL | GFP_DMA);
if (!tmp)
return -ENOMEM;
ctlr->dummy_tx = tmp;
memset(tmp, 0, max_tx);
}
if (max_rx) {
tmp = krealloc(ctlr->dummy_rx, max_rx,
GFP_KERNEL | GFP_DMA);
if (!tmp)
return -ENOMEM;
ctlr->dummy_rx = tmp;
}
if (max_tx || max_rx) {
list_for_each_entry(xfer, &msg->transfers,
transfer_list) {
if (!xfer->tx_buf)
xfer->tx_buf = ctlr->dummy_tx;
if (!xfer->rx_buf)
xfer->rx_buf = ctlr->dummy_rx;
}
}
}
return __spi_map_msg(ctlr, msg);
}
static int spi_transfer_wait(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
struct spi_message *msg,
struct spi_transfer *xfer)
{
struct spi_statistics *statm = &ctlr->statistics;
struct spi_statistics *stats = &msg->spi->statistics;
unsigned long long ms = 1;
if (spi_controller_is_slave(ctlr)) {
if (wait_for_completion_interruptible(&ctlr->xfer_completion)) {
dev_dbg(&msg->spi->dev, "SPI transfer interrupted\n");
return -EINTR;
}
} else {
ms = 8LL * 1000LL * xfer->len;
do_div(ms, xfer->speed_hz);
ms += ms + 200; /* some tolerance */
if (ms > UINT_MAX)
ms = UINT_MAX;
ms = wait_for_completion_timeout(&ctlr->xfer_completion,
msecs_to_jiffies(ms));
if (ms == 0) {
SPI_STATISTICS_INCREMENT_FIELD(statm, timedout);
SPI_STATISTICS_INCREMENT_FIELD(stats, timedout);
dev_err(&msg->spi->dev,
"SPI transfer timed out\n");
return -ETIMEDOUT;
}
}
return 0;
}
/*
* spi_transfer_one_message - Default implementation of transfer_one_message()
*
* This is a standard implementation of transfer_one_message() for
* drivers which implement a transfer_one() operation. It provides
* standard handling of delays and chip select management.
*/
static int spi_transfer_one_message(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
struct spi_message *msg)
{
struct spi_transfer *xfer;
bool keep_cs = false;
int ret = 0;
struct spi_statistics *statm = &ctlr->statistics;
struct spi_statistics *stats = &msg->spi->statistics;
spi_set_cs(msg->spi, true);
SPI_STATISTICS_INCREMENT_FIELD(statm, messages);
SPI_STATISTICS_INCREMENT_FIELD(stats, messages);
list_for_each_entry(xfer, &msg->transfers, transfer_list) {
trace_spi_transfer_start(msg, xfer);
spi_statistics_add_transfer_stats(statm, xfer, ctlr);
spi_statistics_add_transfer_stats(stats, xfer, ctlr);
if (xfer->tx_buf || xfer->rx_buf) {
reinit_completion(&ctlr->xfer_completion);
ret = ctlr->transfer_one(ctlr, msg->spi, xfer);
if (ret < 0) {
SPI_STATISTICS_INCREMENT_FIELD(statm,
errors);
SPI_STATISTICS_INCREMENT_FIELD(stats,
errors);
dev_err(&msg->spi->dev,
"SPI transfer failed: %d\n", ret);
goto out;
}
if (ret > 0) {
ret = spi_transfer_wait(ctlr, msg, xfer);
if (ret < 0)
msg->status = ret;
}
} else {
if (xfer->len)
dev_err(&msg->spi->dev,
"Bufferless transfer has length %u\n",
xfer->len);
}
trace_spi_transfer_stop(msg, xfer);
if (msg->status != -EINPROGRESS)
goto out;
if (xfer->delay_usecs) {
u16 us = xfer->delay_usecs;
if (us <= 10)
udelay(us);
else
usleep_range(us, us + DIV_ROUND_UP(us, 10));
}
if (xfer->cs_change) {
if (list_is_last(&xfer->transfer_list,
&msg->transfers)) {
keep_cs = true;
} else {
spi_set_cs(msg->spi, false);
udelay(10);
spi_set_cs(msg->spi, true);
}
}
msg->actual_length += xfer->len;
}
out:
if (ret != 0 || !keep_cs)
spi_set_cs(msg->spi, false);
if (msg->status == -EINPROGRESS)
msg->status = ret;
if (msg->status && ctlr->handle_err)
ctlr->handle_err(ctlr, msg);
spi_res_release(ctlr, msg);
spi_finalize_current_message(ctlr);
return ret;
}
/**
* spi_finalize_current_transfer - report completion of a transfer
* @ctlr: the controller reporting completion
*
* Called by SPI drivers using the core transfer_one_message()
* implementation to notify it that the current interrupt driven
* transfer has finished and the next one may be scheduled.
*/
void spi_finalize_current_transfer(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
complete(&ctlr->xfer_completion);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_finalize_current_transfer);
/**
* __spi_pump_messages - function which processes spi message queue
* @ctlr: controller to process queue for
* @in_kthread: true if we are in the context of the message pump thread
*
* This function checks if there is any spi message in the queue that
* needs processing and if so call out to the driver to initialize hardware
* and transfer each message.
*
* Note that it is called both from the kthread itself and also from
* inside spi_sync(); the queue extraction handling at the top of the
* function should deal with this safely.
*/
static void __spi_pump_messages(struct spi_controller *ctlr, bool in_kthread)
{
unsigned long flags;
bool was_busy = false;
int ret;
/* Lock queue */
spin_lock_irqsave(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
/* Make sure we are not already running a message */
if (ctlr->cur_msg) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
return;
}
/* If another context is idling the device then defer */
if (ctlr->idling) {
kthread_queue_work(&ctlr->kworker, &ctlr->pump_messages);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
return;
}
/* Check if the queue is idle */
if (list_empty(&ctlr->queue) || !ctlr->running) {
if (!ctlr->busy) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
return;
}
/* Only do teardown in the thread */
if (!in_kthread) {
kthread_queue_work(&ctlr->kworker,
&ctlr->pump_messages);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
return;
}
ctlr->busy = false;
ctlr->idling = true;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
kfree(ctlr->dummy_rx);
ctlr->dummy_rx = NULL;
kfree(ctlr->dummy_tx);
ctlr->dummy_tx = NULL;
if (ctlr->unprepare_transfer_hardware &&
ctlr->unprepare_transfer_hardware(ctlr))
dev_err(&ctlr->dev,
"failed to unprepare transfer hardware\n");
if (ctlr->auto_runtime_pm) {
pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(ctlr->dev.parent);
pm_runtime_put_autosuspend(ctlr->dev.parent);
}
trace_spi_controller_idle(ctlr);
spin_lock_irqsave(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
ctlr->idling = false;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
return;
}
/* Extract head of queue */
ctlr->cur_msg =
list_first_entry(&ctlr->queue, struct spi_message, queue);
list_del_init(&ctlr->cur_msg->queue);
if (ctlr->busy)
was_busy = true;
else
ctlr->busy = true;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
mutex_lock(&ctlr->io_mutex);
if (!was_busy && ctlr->auto_runtime_pm) {
ret = pm_runtime_get_sync(ctlr->dev.parent);
if (ret < 0) {
pm_runtime_put_noidle(ctlr->dev.parent);
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "Failed to power device: %d\n",
ret);
mutex_unlock(&ctlr->io_mutex);
return;
}
}
if (!was_busy)
trace_spi_controller_busy(ctlr);
if (!was_busy && ctlr->prepare_transfer_hardware) {
ret = ctlr->prepare_transfer_hardware(ctlr);
if (ret) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev,
"failed to prepare transfer hardware\n");
if (ctlr->auto_runtime_pm)
pm_runtime_put(ctlr->dev.parent);
mutex_unlock(&ctlr->io_mutex);
return;
}
}
trace_spi_message_start(ctlr->cur_msg);
if (ctlr->prepare_message) {
ret = ctlr->prepare_message(ctlr, ctlr->cur_msg);
if (ret) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "failed to prepare message: %d\n",
ret);
ctlr->cur_msg->status = ret;
spi_finalize_current_message(ctlr);
goto out;
}
ctlr->cur_msg_prepared = true;
}
ret = spi_map_msg(ctlr, ctlr->cur_msg);
if (ret) {
ctlr->cur_msg->status = ret;
spi_finalize_current_message(ctlr);
goto out;
}
ret = ctlr->transfer_one_message(ctlr, ctlr->cur_msg);
if (ret) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev,
"failed to transfer one message from queue\n");
goto out;
}
out:
mutex_unlock(&ctlr->io_mutex);
/* Prod the scheduler in case transfer_one() was busy waiting */
if (!ret)
cond_resched();
}
/**
* spi_pump_messages - kthread work function which processes spi message queue
* @work: pointer to kthread work struct contained in the controller struct
*/
static void spi_pump_messages(struct kthread_work *work)
{
struct spi_controller *ctlr =
container_of(work, struct spi_controller, pump_messages);
__spi_pump_messages(ctlr, true);
}
static int spi_init_queue(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = MAX_RT_PRIO - 1 };
ctlr->running = false;
ctlr->busy = false;
kthread_init_worker(&ctlr->kworker);
ctlr->kworker_task = kthread_run(kthread_worker_fn, &ctlr->kworker,
"%s", dev_name(&ctlr->dev));
if (IS_ERR(ctlr->kworker_task)) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "failed to create message pump task\n");
return PTR_ERR(ctlr->kworker_task);
}
kthread_init_work(&ctlr->pump_messages, spi_pump_messages);
/*
* Controller config will indicate if this controller should run the
* message pump with high (realtime) priority to reduce the transfer
* latency on the bus by minimising the delay between a transfer
* request and the scheduling of the message pump thread. Without this
* setting the message pump thread will remain at default priority.
*/
if (ctlr->rt) {
dev_info(&ctlr->dev,
"will run message pump with realtime priority\n");
sched_setscheduler(ctlr->kworker_task, SCHED_FIFO, &param);
}
return 0;
}
/**
* spi_get_next_queued_message() - called by driver to check for queued
* messages
* @ctlr: the controller to check for queued messages
*
* If there are more messages in the queue, the next message is returned from
* this call.
*
* Return: the next message in the queue, else NULL if the queue is empty.
*/
struct spi_message *spi_get_next_queued_message(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
struct spi_message *next;
unsigned long flags;
/* get a pointer to the next message, if any */
spin_lock_irqsave(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
next = list_first_entry_or_null(&ctlr->queue, struct spi_message,
queue);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
return next;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_get_next_queued_message);
/**
* spi_finalize_current_message() - the current message is complete
* @ctlr: the controller to return the message to
*
* Called by the driver to notify the core that the message in the front of the
* queue is complete and can be removed from the queue.
*/
void spi_finalize_current_message(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
struct spi_message *mesg;
unsigned long flags;
int ret;
spin_lock_irqsave(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
mesg = ctlr->cur_msg;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
spi_unmap_msg(ctlr, mesg);
if (ctlr->cur_msg_prepared && ctlr->unprepare_message) {
ret = ctlr->unprepare_message(ctlr, mesg);
if (ret) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "failed to unprepare message: %d\n",
ret);
}
}
spin_lock_irqsave(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
ctlr->cur_msg = NULL;
ctlr->cur_msg_prepared = false;
kthread_queue_work(&ctlr->kworker, &ctlr->pump_messages);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
trace_spi_message_done(mesg);
mesg->state = NULL;
if (mesg->complete)
mesg->complete(mesg->context);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_finalize_current_message);
static int spi_start_queue(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
if (ctlr->running || ctlr->busy) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
return -EBUSY;
}
ctlr->running = true;
ctlr->cur_msg = NULL;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
kthread_queue_work(&ctlr->kworker, &ctlr->pump_messages);
return 0;
}
static int spi_stop_queue(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
unsigned long flags;
unsigned limit = 500;
int ret = 0;
spin_lock_irqsave(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
/*
* This is a bit lame, but is optimized for the common execution path.
* A wait_queue on the ctlr->busy could be used, but then the common
* execution path (pump_messages) would be required to call wake_up or
* friends on every SPI message. Do this instead.
*/
while ((!list_empty(&ctlr->queue) || ctlr->busy) && limit--) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
usleep_range(10000, 11000);
spin_lock_irqsave(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
}
if (!list_empty(&ctlr->queue) || ctlr->busy)
ret = -EBUSY;
else
ctlr->running = false;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
if (ret) {
dev_warn(&ctlr->dev, "could not stop message queue\n");
return ret;
}
return ret;
}
static int spi_destroy_queue(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
int ret;
ret = spi_stop_queue(ctlr);
/*
* kthread_flush_worker will block until all work is done.
* If the reason that stop_queue timed out is that the work will never
* finish, then it does no good to call flush/stop thread, so
* return anyway.
*/
if (ret) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "problem destroying queue\n");
return ret;
}
kthread_flush_worker(&ctlr->kworker);
kthread_stop(ctlr->kworker_task);
return 0;
}
static int __spi_queued_transfer(struct spi_device *spi,
struct spi_message *msg,
bool need_pump)
{
struct spi_controller *ctlr = spi->controller;
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
if (!ctlr->running) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
return -ESHUTDOWN;
}
msg->actual_length = 0;
msg->status = -EINPROGRESS;
list_add_tail(&msg->queue, &ctlr->queue);
if (!ctlr->busy && need_pump)
kthread_queue_work(&ctlr->kworker, &ctlr->pump_messages);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctlr->queue_lock, flags);
return 0;
}
/**
* spi_queued_transfer - transfer function for queued transfers
* @spi: spi device which is requesting transfer
* @msg: spi message which is to handled is queued to driver queue
*
* Return: zero on success, else a negative error code.
*/
static int spi_queued_transfer(struct spi_device *spi, struct spi_message *msg)
{
return __spi_queued_transfer(spi, msg, true);
}
static int spi_controller_initialize_queue(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
int ret;
ctlr->transfer = spi_queued_transfer;
if (!ctlr->transfer_one_message)
ctlr->transfer_one_message = spi_transfer_one_message;
/* Initialize and start queue */
ret = spi_init_queue(ctlr);
if (ret) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "problem initializing queue\n");
goto err_init_queue;
}
ctlr->queued = true;
ret = spi_start_queue(ctlr);
if (ret) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "problem starting queue\n");
goto err_start_queue;
}
return 0;
err_start_queue:
spi_destroy_queue(ctlr);
err_init_queue:
return ret;
}
/**
* spi_flush_queue - Send all pending messages in the queue from the callers'
* context
* @ctlr: controller to process queue for
*
* This should be used when one wants to ensure all pending messages have been
* sent before doing something. Is used by the spi-mem code to make sure SPI
* memory operations do not preempt regular SPI transfers that have been queued
* before the spi-mem operation.
*/
void spi_flush_queue(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
if (ctlr->transfer == spi_queued_transfer)
__spi_pump_messages(ctlr, false);
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#if defined(CONFIG_OF)
static int of_spi_parse_dt(struct spi_controller *ctlr, struct spi_device *spi,
struct device_node *nc)
{
u32 value;
int rc;
/* Mode (clock phase/polarity/etc.) */
if (of_property_read_bool(nc, "spi-cpha"))
spi->mode |= SPI_CPHA;
if (of_property_read_bool(nc, "spi-cpol"))
spi->mode |= SPI_CPOL;
if (of_property_read_bool(nc, "spi-3wire"))
spi->mode |= SPI_3WIRE;
if (of_property_read_bool(nc, "spi-lsb-first"))
spi->mode |= SPI_LSB_FIRST;
/*
* For descriptors associated with the device, polarity inversion is
* handled in the gpiolib, so all chip selects are "active high" in
* the logical sense, the gpiolib will invert the line if need be.
*/
if (ctlr->use_gpio_descriptors)
spi->mode |= SPI_CS_HIGH;
else if (of_property_read_bool(nc, "spi-cs-high"))
spi->mode |= SPI_CS_HIGH;
/* Device DUAL/QUAD mode */
if (!of_property_read_u32(nc, "spi-tx-bus-width", &value)) {
switch (value) {
case 1:
break;
case 2:
spi->mode |= SPI_TX_DUAL;
break;
case 4:
spi->mode |= SPI_TX_QUAD;
break;
case 8:
spi->mode |= SPI_TX_OCTAL;
break;
default:
dev_warn(&ctlr->dev,
"spi-tx-bus-width %d not supported\n",
value);
break;
}
}
if (!of_property_read_u32(nc, "spi-rx-bus-width", &value)) {
switch (value) {
case 1:
break;
case 2:
spi->mode |= SPI_RX_DUAL;
break;
case 4:
spi->mode |= SPI_RX_QUAD;
break;
case 8:
spi->mode |= SPI_RX_OCTAL;
break;
default:
dev_warn(&ctlr->dev,
"spi-rx-bus-width %d not supported\n",
value);
break;
}
}
if (spi_controller_is_slave(ctlr)) {
if (!of_node_name_eq(nc, "slave")) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "%pOF is not called 'slave'\n",
nc);
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
/* Device address */
rc = of_property_read_u32(nc, "reg", &value);
if (rc) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "%pOF has no valid 'reg' property (%d)\n",
nc, rc);
return rc;
}
spi->chip_select = value;
/* Device speed */
rc = of_property_read_u32(nc, "spi-max-frequency", &value);
if (rc) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev,
"%pOF has no valid 'spi-max-frequency' property (%d)\n", nc, rc);
return rc;
}
spi->max_speed_hz = value;
return 0;
}
static struct spi_device *
of_register_spi_device(struct spi_controller *ctlr, struct device_node *nc)
{
struct spi_device *spi;
int rc;
/* Alloc an spi_device */
spi = spi_alloc_device(ctlr);
if (!spi) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "spi_device alloc error for %pOF\n", nc);
rc = -ENOMEM;
goto err_out;
}
/* Select device driver */
rc = of_modalias_node(nc, spi->modalias,
sizeof(spi->modalias));
if (rc < 0) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "cannot find modalias for %pOF\n", nc);
goto err_out;
}
rc = of_spi_parse_dt(ctlr, spi, nc);
if (rc)
goto err_out;
/* Store a pointer to the node in the device structure */
of_node_get(nc);
spi->dev.of_node = nc;
/* Register the new device */
rc = spi_add_device(spi);
if (rc) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "spi_device register error %pOF\n", nc);
goto err_of_node_put;
}
return spi;
err_of_node_put:
of_node_put(nc);
err_out:
spi_dev_put(spi);
return ERR_PTR(rc);
}
/**
* of_register_spi_devices() - Register child devices onto the SPI bus
* @ctlr: Pointer to spi_controller device
*
* Registers an spi_device for each child node of controller node which
* represents a valid SPI slave.
*/
static void of_register_spi_devices(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
struct spi_device *spi;
struct device_node *nc;
if (!ctlr->dev.of_node)
return;
for_each_available_child_of_node(ctlr->dev.of_node, nc) {
if (of_node_test_and_set_flag(nc, OF_POPULATED))
continue;
spi = of_register_spi_device(ctlr, nc);
if (IS_ERR(spi)) {
dev_warn(&ctlr->dev,
"Failed to create SPI device for %pOF\n", nc);
of_node_clear_flag(nc, OF_POPULATED);
}
}
}
#else
static void of_register_spi_devices(struct spi_controller *ctlr) { }
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
static void acpi_spi_parse_apple_properties(struct spi_device *spi)
{
struct acpi_device *dev = ACPI_COMPANION(&spi->dev);
const union acpi_object *obj;
if (!x86_apple_machine)
return;
if (!acpi_dev_get_property(dev, "spiSclkPeriod", ACPI_TYPE_BUFFER, &obj)
&& obj->buffer.length >= 4)
spi->max_speed_hz = NSEC_PER_SEC / *(u32 *)obj->buffer.pointer;
if (!acpi_dev_get_property(dev, "spiWordSize", ACPI_TYPE_BUFFER, &obj)
&& obj->buffer.length == 8)
spi->bits_per_word = *(u64 *)obj->buffer.pointer;
if (!acpi_dev_get_property(dev, "spiBitOrder", ACPI_TYPE_BUFFER, &obj)
&& obj->buffer.length == 8 && !*(u64 *)obj->buffer.pointer)
spi->mode |= SPI_LSB_FIRST;
if (!acpi_dev_get_property(dev, "spiSPO", ACPI_TYPE_BUFFER, &obj)
&& obj->buffer.length == 8 && *(u64 *)obj->buffer.pointer)
spi->mode |= SPI_CPOL;
if (!acpi_dev_get_property(dev, "spiSPH", ACPI_TYPE_BUFFER, &obj)
&& obj->buffer.length == 8 && *(u64 *)obj->buffer.pointer)
spi->mode |= SPI_CPHA;
}
static int acpi_spi_add_resource(struct acpi_resource *ares, void *data)
{
struct spi_device *spi = data;
struct spi_controller *ctlr = spi->controller;
if (ares->type == ACPI_RESOURCE_TYPE_SERIAL_BUS) {
struct acpi_resource_spi_serialbus *sb;
sb = &ares->data.spi_serial_bus;
if (sb->type == ACPI_RESOURCE_SERIAL_TYPE_SPI) {
/*
* ACPI DeviceSelection numbering is handled by the
* host controller driver in Windows and can vary
* from driver to driver. In Linux we always expect
* 0 .. max - 1 so we need to ask the driver to
* translate between the two schemes.
*/
if (ctlr->fw_translate_cs) {
int cs = ctlr->fw_translate_cs(ctlr,
sb->device_selection);
if (cs < 0)
return cs;
spi->chip_select = cs;
} else {
spi->chip_select = sb->device_selection;
}
spi->max_speed_hz = sb->connection_speed;
if (sb->clock_phase == ACPI_SPI_SECOND_PHASE)
spi->mode |= SPI_CPHA;
if (sb->clock_polarity == ACPI_SPI_START_HIGH)
spi->mode |= SPI_CPOL;
if (sb->device_polarity == ACPI_SPI_ACTIVE_HIGH)
spi->mode |= SPI_CS_HIGH;
}
} else if (spi->irq < 0) {
struct resource r;
if (acpi_dev_resource_interrupt(ares, 0, &r))
spi->irq = r.start;
}
/* Always tell the ACPI core to skip this resource */
return 1;
}
static acpi_status acpi_register_spi_device(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
struct acpi_device *adev)
{
struct list_head resource_list;
struct spi_device *spi;
int ret;
if (acpi_bus_get_status(adev) || !adev->status.present ||
acpi_device_enumerated(adev))
return AE_OK;
spi = spi_alloc_device(ctlr);
if (!spi) {
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "failed to allocate SPI device for %s\n",
dev_name(&adev->dev));
return AE_NO_MEMORY;
}
ACPI_COMPANION_SET(&spi->dev, adev);
spi->irq = -1;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&resource_list);
ret = acpi_dev_get_resources(adev, &resource_list,
acpi_spi_add_resource, spi);
acpi_dev_free_resource_list(&resource_list);
acpi_spi_parse_apple_properties(spi);
if (ret < 0 || !spi->max_speed_hz) {
spi_dev_put(spi);
return AE_OK;
}
acpi_set_modalias(adev, acpi_device_hid(adev), spi->modalias,
sizeof(spi->modalias));
if (spi->irq < 0)
spi->irq = acpi_dev_gpio_irq_get(adev, 0);
acpi_device_set_enumerated(adev);
adev->power.flags.ignore_parent = true;
if (spi_add_device(spi)) {
adev->power.flags.ignore_parent = false;
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "failed to add SPI device %s from ACPI\n",
dev_name(&adev->dev));
spi_dev_put(spi);
}
return AE_OK;
}
static acpi_status acpi_spi_add_device(acpi_handle handle, u32 level,
void *data, void **return_value)
{
struct spi_controller *ctlr = data;
struct acpi_device *adev;
if (acpi_bus_get_device(handle, &adev))
return AE_OK;
return acpi_register_spi_device(ctlr, adev);
}
static void acpi_register_spi_devices(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
acpi_status status;
acpi_handle handle;
handle = ACPI_HANDLE(ctlr->dev.parent);
if (!handle)
return;
status = acpi_walk_namespace(ACPI_TYPE_DEVICE, handle, 1,
acpi_spi_add_device, NULL, ctlr, NULL);
if (ACPI_FAILURE(status))
dev_warn(&ctlr->dev, "failed to enumerate SPI slaves\n");
}
#else
static inline void acpi_register_spi_devices(struct spi_controller *ctlr) {}
#endif /* CONFIG_ACPI */
static void spi_controller_release(struct device *dev)
{
struct spi_controller *ctlr;
ctlr = container_of(dev, struct spi_controller, dev);
kfree(ctlr);
}
static struct class spi_master_class = {
.name = "spi_master",
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.dev_release = spi_controller_release,
.dev_groups = spi_master_groups,
};
#ifdef CONFIG_SPI_SLAVE
/**
* spi_slave_abort - abort the ongoing transfer request on an SPI slave
* controller
* @spi: device used for the current transfer
*/
int spi_slave_abort(struct spi_device *spi)
{
struct spi_controller *ctlr = spi->controller;
if (spi_controller_is_slave(ctlr) && ctlr->slave_abort)
return ctlr->slave_abort(ctlr);
return -ENOTSUPP;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_slave_abort);
static int match_true(struct device *dev, void *data)
{
return 1;
}
static ssize_t spi_slave_show(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
struct spi_controller *ctlr = container_of(dev, struct spi_controller,
dev);
struct device *child;
child = device_find_child(&ctlr->dev, NULL, match_true);
return sprintf(buf, "%s\n",
child ? to_spi_device(child)->modalias : NULL);
}
static ssize_t spi_slave_store(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf,
size_t count)
{
struct spi_controller *ctlr = container_of(dev, struct spi_controller,
dev);
struct spi_device *spi;
struct device *child;
char name[32];
int rc;
rc = sscanf(buf, "%31s", name);
if (rc != 1 || !name[0])
return -EINVAL;
child = device_find_child(&ctlr->dev, NULL, match_true);
if (child) {
/* Remove registered slave */
device_unregister(child);
put_device(child);
}
if (strcmp(name, "(null)")) {
/* Register new slave */
spi = spi_alloc_device(ctlr);
if (!spi)
return -ENOMEM;
strlcpy(spi->modalias, name, sizeof(spi->modalias));
rc = spi_add_device(spi);
if (rc) {
spi_dev_put(spi);
return rc;
}
}
return count;
}
static DEVICE_ATTR(slave, 0644, spi_slave_show, spi_slave_store);
static struct attribute *spi_slave_attrs[] = {
&dev_attr_slave.attr,
NULL,
};
static const struct attribute_group spi_slave_group = {
.attrs = spi_slave_attrs,
};
static const struct attribute_group *spi_slave_groups[] = {
&spi_controller_statistics_group,
&spi_slave_group,
NULL,
};
static struct class spi_slave_class = {
.name = "spi_slave",
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.dev_release = spi_controller_release,
.dev_groups = spi_slave_groups,
};
#else
extern struct class spi_slave_class; /* dummy */
#endif
/**
* __spi_alloc_controller - allocate an SPI master or slave controller
* @dev: the controller, possibly using the platform_bus
* @size: how much zeroed driver-private data to allocate; the pointer to this
* memory is in the driver_data field of the returned device,
* accessible with spi_controller_get_devdata().
* @slave: flag indicating whether to allocate an SPI master (false) or SPI
* slave (true) controller
* Context: can sleep
*
* This call is used only by SPI controller drivers, which are the
* only ones directly touching chip registers. It's how they allocate
* an spi_controller structure, prior to calling spi_register_controller().
*
* This must be called from context that can sleep.
*
* The caller is responsible for assigning the bus number and initializing the
* controller's methods before calling spi_register_controller(); and (after
* errors adding the device) calling spi_controller_put() to prevent a memory
* leak.
*
* Return: the SPI controller structure on success, else NULL.
*/
struct spi_controller *__spi_alloc_controller(struct device *dev,
unsigned int size, bool slave)
{
struct spi_controller *ctlr;
if (!dev)
return NULL;
ctlr = kzalloc(size + sizeof(*ctlr), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!ctlr)
return NULL;
device_initialize(&ctlr->dev);
ctlr->bus_num = -1;
ctlr->num_chipselect = 1;
ctlr->slave = slave;
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPI_SLAVE) && slave)
ctlr->dev.class = &spi_slave_class;
else
ctlr->dev.class = &spi_master_class;
ctlr->dev.parent = dev;
pm_suspend_ignore_children(&ctlr->dev, true);
spi_controller_set_devdata(ctlr, &ctlr[1]);
return ctlr;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__spi_alloc_controller);
#ifdef CONFIG_OF
static int of_spi_register_master(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
int nb, i, *cs;
struct device_node *np = ctlr->dev.of_node;
if (!np)
return 0;
nb = of_gpio_named_count(np, "cs-gpios");
ctlr->num_chipselect = max_t(int, nb, ctlr->num_chipselect);
/* Return error only for an incorrectly formed cs-gpios property */
if (nb == 0 || nb == -ENOENT)
return 0;
else if (nb < 0)
return nb;
cs = devm_kcalloc(&ctlr->dev, ctlr->num_chipselect, sizeof(int),
GFP_KERNEL);
ctlr->cs_gpios = cs;
if (!ctlr->cs_gpios)
return -ENOMEM;
for (i = 0; i < ctlr->num_chipselect; i++)
cs[i] = -ENOENT;
for (i = 0; i < nb; i++)
cs[i] = of_get_named_gpio(np, "cs-gpios", i);
return 0;
}
#else
static int of_spi_register_master(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
/**
* spi_get_gpio_descs() - grab chip select GPIOs for the master
* @ctlr: The SPI master to grab GPIO descriptors for
*/
static int spi_get_gpio_descs(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
int nb, i;
struct gpio_desc **cs;
struct device *dev = &ctlr->dev;
nb = gpiod_count(dev, "cs");
ctlr->num_chipselect = max_t(int, nb, ctlr->num_chipselect);
/* No GPIOs at all is fine, else return the error */
if (nb == 0 || nb == -ENOENT)
return 0;
else if (nb < 0)
return nb;
cs = devm_kcalloc(dev, ctlr->num_chipselect, sizeof(*cs),
GFP_KERNEL);
if (!cs)
return -ENOMEM;
ctlr->cs_gpiods = cs;
for (i = 0; i < nb; i++) {
/*
* Most chipselects are active low, the inverted
* semantics are handled by special quirks in gpiolib,
* so initializing them GPIOD_OUT_LOW here means
* "unasserted", in most cases this will drive the physical
* line high.
*/
cs[i] = devm_gpiod_get_index_optional(dev, "cs", i,
GPIOD_OUT_LOW);
if (cs[i]) {
/*
* If we find a CS GPIO, name it after the device and
* chip select line.
*/
char *gpioname;
gpioname = devm_kasprintf(dev, GFP_KERNEL, "%s CS%d",
dev_name(dev), i);
if (!gpioname)
return -ENOMEM;
gpiod_set_consumer_name(cs[i], gpioname);
}
}
return 0;
}
static int spi_controller_check_ops(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
/*
* The controller may implement only the high-level SPI-memory like
* operations if it does not support regular SPI transfers, and this is
* valid use case.
* If ->mem_ops is NULL, we request that at least one of the
* ->transfer_xxx() method be implemented.
*/
if (ctlr->mem_ops) {
if (!ctlr->mem_ops->exec_op)
return -EINVAL;
} else if (!ctlr->transfer && !ctlr->transfer_one &&
!ctlr->transfer_one_message) {
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
/**
* spi_register_controller - register SPI master or slave controller
* @ctlr: initialized master, originally from spi_alloc_master() or
* spi_alloc_slave()
* Context: can sleep
*
* SPI controllers connect to their drivers using some non-SPI bus,
* such as the platform bus. The final stage of probe() in that code
* includes calling spi_register_controller() to hook up to this SPI bus glue.
*
* SPI controllers use board specific (often SOC specific) bus numbers,
* and board-specific addressing for SPI devices combines those numbers
* with chip select numbers. Since SPI does not directly support dynamic
* device identification, boards need configuration tables telling which
* chip is at which address.
*
* This must be called from context that can sleep. It returns zero on
* success, else a negative error code (dropping the controller's refcount).
* After a successful return, the caller is responsible for calling
* spi_unregister_controller().
*
* Return: zero on success, else a negative error code.
*/
int spi_register_controller(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
struct device *dev = ctlr->dev.parent;
struct boardinfo *bi;
int status = -ENODEV;
int id, first_dynamic;
if (!dev)
return -ENODEV;
/*
* Make sure all necessary hooks are implemented before registering
* the SPI controller.
*/
status = spi_controller_check_ops(ctlr);
if (status)
return status;
if (!spi_controller_is_slave(ctlr)) {
if (ctlr->use_gpio_descriptors) {
status = spi_get_gpio_descs(ctlr);
if (status)
return status;
/*
* A controller using GPIO descriptors always
* supports SPI_CS_HIGH if need be.
*/
ctlr->mode_bits |= SPI_CS_HIGH;
} else {
/* Legacy code path for GPIOs from DT */
status = of_spi_register_master(ctlr);
if (status)
return status;
}
}
/* even if it's just one always-selected device, there must
* be at least one chipselect
*/
if (ctlr->num_chipselect == 0)
return -EINVAL;
if (ctlr->bus_num >= 0) {
/* devices with a fixed bus num must check-in with the num */
mutex_lock(&board_lock);
id = idr_alloc(&spi_master_idr, ctlr, ctlr->bus_num,
ctlr->bus_num + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
mutex_unlock(&board_lock);
if (WARN(id < 0, "couldn't get idr"))
return id == -ENOSPC ? -EBUSY : id;
ctlr->bus_num = id;
} else if (ctlr->dev.of_node) {
/* allocate dynamic bus number using Linux idr */
id = of_alias_get_id(ctlr->dev.of_node, "spi");
if (id >= 0) {
ctlr->bus_num = id;
mutex_lock(&board_lock);
id = idr_alloc(&spi_master_idr, ctlr, ctlr->bus_num,
ctlr->bus_num + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
mutex_unlock(&board_lock);
if (WARN(id < 0, "couldn't get idr"))
return id == -ENOSPC ? -EBUSY : id;
}
}
if (ctlr->bus_num < 0) {
first_dynamic = of_alias_get_highest_id("spi");
if (first_dynamic < 0)
first_dynamic = 0;
else
first_dynamic++;
mutex_lock(&board_lock);
id = idr_alloc(&spi_master_idr, ctlr, first_dynamic,
0, GFP_KERNEL);
mutex_unlock(&board_lock);
if (WARN(id < 0, "couldn't get idr"))
return id;
ctlr->bus_num = id;
}
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctlr->queue);
spin_lock_init(&ctlr->queue_lock);
spin_lock_init(&ctlr->bus_lock_spinlock);
mutex_init(&ctlr->bus_lock_mutex);
mutex_init(&ctlr->io_mutex);
ctlr->bus_lock_flag = 0;
init_completion(&ctlr->xfer_completion);
if (!ctlr->max_dma_len)
ctlr->max_dma_len = INT_MAX;
/* register the device, then userspace will see it.
* registration fails if the bus ID is in use.
*/
dev_set_name(&ctlr->dev, "spi%u", ctlr->bus_num);
status = device_add(&ctlr->dev);
if (status < 0) {
/* free bus id */
mutex_lock(&board_lock);
idr_remove(&spi_master_idr, ctlr->bus_num);
mutex_unlock(&board_lock);
goto done;
}
dev_dbg(dev, "registered %s %s\n",
spi_controller_is_slave(ctlr) ? "slave" : "master",
dev_name(&ctlr->dev));
/*
* If we're using a queued driver, start the queue. Note that we don't
* need the queueing logic if the driver is only supporting high-level
* memory operations.
*/
if (ctlr->transfer) {
dev_info(dev, "controller is unqueued, this is deprecated\n");
} else if (ctlr->transfer_one || ctlr->transfer_one_message) {
status = spi_controller_initialize_queue(ctlr);
if (status) {
device_del(&ctlr->dev);
/* free bus id */
mutex_lock(&board_lock);
idr_remove(&spi_master_idr, ctlr->bus_num);
mutex_unlock(&board_lock);
goto done;
}
}
/* add statistics */
spin_lock_init(&ctlr->statistics.lock);
mutex_lock(&board_lock);
list_add_tail(&ctlr->list, &spi_controller_list);
list_for_each_entry(bi, &board_list, list)
spi_match_controller_to_boardinfo(ctlr, &bi->board_info);
mutex_unlock(&board_lock);
/* Register devices from the device tree and ACPI */
of_register_spi_devices(ctlr);
acpi_register_spi_devices(ctlr);
done:
return status;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_register_controller);
static void devm_spi_unregister(struct device *dev, void *res)
{
spi_unregister_controller(*(struct spi_controller **)res);
}
/**
* devm_spi_register_controller - register managed SPI master or slave
* controller
* @dev: device managing SPI controller
* @ctlr: initialized controller, originally from spi_alloc_master() or
* spi_alloc_slave()
* Context: can sleep
*
* Register a SPI device as with spi_register_controller() which will
* automatically be unregistered and freed.
*
* Return: zero on success, else a negative error code.
*/
int devm_spi_register_controller(struct device *dev,
struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
struct spi_controller **ptr;
int ret;
ptr = devres_alloc(devm_spi_unregister, sizeof(*ptr), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!ptr)
return -ENOMEM;
ret = spi_register_controller(ctlr);
if (!ret) {
*ptr = ctlr;
devres_add(dev, ptr);
} else {
devres_free(ptr);
}
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(devm_spi_register_controller);
static int __unregister(struct device *dev, void *null)
{
spi_unregister_device(to_spi_device(dev));
return 0;
}
/**
* spi_unregister_controller - unregister SPI master or slave controller
* @ctlr: the controller being unregistered
* Context: can sleep
*
* This call is used only by SPI controller drivers, which are the
* only ones directly touching chip registers.
*
* This must be called from context that can sleep.
*
* Note that this function also drops a reference to the controller.
*/
void spi_unregister_controller(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
struct spi_controller *found;
int id = ctlr->bus_num;
int dummy;
/* First make sure that this controller was ever added */
mutex_lock(&board_lock);
found = idr_find(&spi_master_idr, id);
mutex_unlock(&board_lock);
if (ctlr->queued) {
if (spi_destroy_queue(ctlr))
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "queue remove failed\n");
}
mutex_lock(&board_lock);
list_del(&ctlr->list);
mutex_unlock(&board_lock);
dummy = device_for_each_child(&ctlr->dev, NULL, __unregister);
device_unregister(&ctlr->dev);
/* free bus id */
mutex_lock(&board_lock);
if (found == ctlr)
idr_remove(&spi_master_idr, id);
mutex_unlock(&board_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_unregister_controller);
int spi_controller_suspend(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
int ret;
/* Basically no-ops for non-queued controllers */
if (!ctlr->queued)
return 0;
ret = spi_stop_queue(ctlr);
if (ret)
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "queue stop failed\n");
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_controller_suspend);
int spi_controller_resume(struct spi_controller *ctlr)
{
int ret;
if (!ctlr->queued)
return 0;
ret = spi_start_queue(ctlr);
if (ret)
dev_err(&ctlr->dev, "queue restart failed\n");
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_controller_resume);
static int __spi_controller_match(struct device *dev, const void *data)
{
struct spi_controller *ctlr;
const u16 *bus_num = data;
ctlr = container_of(dev, struct spi_controller, dev);
return ctlr->bus_num == *bus_num;
}
/**
* spi_busnum_to_master - look up master associated with bus_num
* @bus_num: the master's bus number
* Context: can sleep
*
* This call may be used with devices that are registered after
* arch init time. It returns a refcounted pointer to the relevant
* spi_controller (which the caller must release), or NULL if there is
* no such master registered.
*
* Return: the SPI master structure on success, else NULL.
*/
struct spi_controller *spi_busnum_to_master(u16 bus_num)
{
struct device *dev;
struct spi_controller *ctlr = NULL;
dev = class_find_device(&spi_master_class, NULL, &bus_num,
__spi_controller_match);
if (dev)
ctlr = container_of(dev, struct spi_controller, dev);
/* reference got in class_find_device */
return ctlr;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_busnum_to_master);
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Core methods for SPI resource management */
/**
* spi_res_alloc - allocate a spi resource that is life-cycle managed
* during the processing of a spi_message while using
* spi_transfer_one
* @spi: the spi device for which we allocate memory
* @release: the release code to execute for this resource
* @size: size to alloc and return
* @gfp: GFP allocation flags
*
* Return: the pointer to the allocated data
*
* This may get enhanced in the future to allocate from a memory pool
* of the @spi_device or @spi_controller to avoid repeated allocations.
*/
void *spi_res_alloc(struct spi_device *spi,
spi_res_release_t release,
size_t size, gfp_t gfp)
{
struct spi_res *sres;
sres = kzalloc(sizeof(*sres) + size, gfp);
if (!sres)
return NULL;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sres->entry);
sres->release = release;
return sres->data;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_res_alloc);
/**
* spi_res_free - free an spi resource
* @res: pointer to the custom data of a resource
*
*/
void spi_res_free(void *res)
{
struct spi_res *sres = container_of(res, struct spi_res, data);
if (!res)
return;
WARN_ON(!list_empty(&sres->entry));
kfree(sres);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_res_free);
/**
* spi_res_add - add a spi_res to the spi_message
* @message: the spi message
* @res: the spi_resource
*/
void spi_res_add(struct spi_message *message, void *res)
{
struct spi_res *sres = container_of(res, struct spi_res, data);
WARN_ON(!list_empty(&sres->entry));
list_add_tail(&sres->entry, &message->resources);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_res_add);
/**
* spi_res_release - release all spi resources for this message
* @ctlr: the @spi_controller
* @message: the @spi_message
*/
void spi_res_release(struct spi_controller *ctlr, struct spi_message *message)
{
struct spi_res *res;
while (!list_empty(&message->resources)) {
res = list_last_entry(&message->resources,
struct spi_res, entry);
if (res->release)
res->release(ctlr, message, res->data);
list_del(&res->entry);
kfree(res);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_res_release);
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Core methods for spi_message alterations */
static void __spi_replace_transfers_release(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
struct spi_message *msg,
void *res)
{
struct spi_replaced_transfers *rxfer = res;
size_t i;
/* call extra callback if requested */
if (rxfer->release)
rxfer->release(ctlr, msg, res);
/* insert replaced transfers back into the message */
list_splice(&rxfer->replaced_transfers, rxfer->replaced_after);
/* remove the formerly inserted entries */
for (i = 0; i < rxfer->inserted; i++)
list_del(&rxfer->inserted_transfers[i].transfer_list);
}
/**
* spi_replace_transfers - replace transfers with several transfers
* and register change with spi_message.resources
* @msg: the spi_message we work upon
* @xfer_first: the first spi_transfer we want to replace
* @remove: number of transfers to remove
* @insert: the number of transfers we want to insert instead
* @release: extra release code necessary in some circumstances
* @extradatasize: extra data to allocate (with alignment guarantees
* of struct @spi_transfer)
* @gfp: gfp flags
*
* Returns: pointer to @spi_replaced_transfers,
* PTR_ERR(...) in case of errors.
*/
struct spi_replaced_transfers *spi_replace_transfers(
struct spi_message *msg,
struct spi_transfer *xfer_first,
size_t remove,
size_t insert,
spi_replaced_release_t release,
size_t extradatasize,
gfp_t gfp)
{
struct spi_replaced_transfers *rxfer;
struct spi_transfer *xfer;
size_t i;
/* allocate the structure using spi_res */
rxfer = spi_res_alloc(msg->spi, __spi_replace_transfers_release,
insert * sizeof(struct spi_transfer)
+ sizeof(struct spi_replaced_transfers)
+ extradatasize,
gfp);
if (!rxfer)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
/* the release code to invoke before running the generic release */
rxfer->release = release;
/* assign extradata */
if (extradatasize)
rxfer->extradata =
&rxfer->inserted_transfers[insert];
/* init the replaced_transfers list */
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rxfer->replaced_transfers);
/* assign the list_entry after which we should reinsert
* the @replaced_transfers - it may be spi_message.messages!
*/
rxfer->replaced_after = xfer_first->transfer_list.prev;
/* remove the requested number of transfers */
for (i = 0; i < remove; i++) {
/* if the entry after replaced_after it is msg->transfers
* then we have been requested to remove more transfers
* than are in the list
*/
if (rxfer->replaced_after->next == &msg->transfers) {
dev_err(&msg->spi->dev,
"requested to remove more spi_transfers than are available\n");
/* insert replaced transfers back into the message */
list_splice(&rxfer->replaced_transfers,
rxfer->replaced_after);
/* free the spi_replace_transfer structure */
spi_res_free(rxfer);
/* and return with an error */
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
}
/* remove the entry after replaced_after from list of
* transfers and add it to list of replaced_transfers
*/
list_move_tail(rxfer->replaced_after->next,
&rxfer->replaced_transfers);
}
/* create copy of the given xfer with identical settings
* based on the first transfer to get removed
*/
for (i = 0; i < insert; i++) {
/* we need to run in reverse order */
xfer = &rxfer->inserted_transfers[insert - 1 - i];
/* copy all spi_transfer data */
memcpy(xfer, xfer_first, sizeof(*xfer));
/* add to list */
list_add(&xfer->transfer_list, rxfer->replaced_after);
/* clear cs_change and delay_usecs for all but the last */
if (i) {
xfer->cs_change = false;
xfer->delay_usecs = 0;
}
}
/* set up inserted */
rxfer->inserted = insert;
/* and register it with spi_res/spi_message */
spi_res_add(msg, rxfer);
return rxfer;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(spi_replace_transfers);
static int __spi_split_transfer_maxsize(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
struct spi_message *msg,
struct spi_transfer **xferp,
size_t maxsize,
gfp_t gfp)
{
struct spi_transfer *xfer = *xferp, *xfers;
struct spi_replaced_transfers *srt;
size_t offset;
size_t count, i;
/* warn once about this fact that we are splitting a transfer */
dev_warn_once(&msg->spi->dev,
"spi_transfer of length %i exceed max length of %zu - needed to split transfers\n",
xfer->len, maxsize);
/* calculate how many we have to replace */
count = DIV_ROUND_UP(xfer->len, maxsize);
/* create replacement */
srt = spi_replace_transfers(msg, xfer, 1, count, NULL, 0, gfp);
if (IS_ERR(srt))
return PTR_ERR(srt);
xfers = srt->inserted_transfers;
/* now handle each of those newly inserted spi_transfers
* note that the replacements spi_transfers all are preset
* to the same values as *xferp, so tx_buf, rx_buf and len
* are all identical (as well as most others)
* so we just have to fix up len and the pointers.
*
* this also includes support for the depreciated
* spi_message.is_dma_mapped interface
*/
/* the first transfer just needs the length modified, so we
* run it outside the loop
*/
xfers[0].len = min_t(size_t, maxsize, xfer[0].len);
/* all the others need rx_buf/tx_buf also set */
for (i = 1, offset = maxsize; i < count; offset += maxsize, i++) {
/* update rx_buf, tx_buf and dma */
if (xfers[i].rx_buf)
xfers[i].rx_buf += offset;
if (xfers[i].rx_dma)
xfers[i].rx_dma += offset;
if (xfers[i].tx_buf)
xfers[i].tx_buf += offset;
if (xfers[i].tx_dma)