blob: 5433e37fb0c52e7629a6d209325252900d0f6f24 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
* any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; see the file COPYING. If not, write to
* the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
*/
#include <linux/dcache.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/srcu.h>
#include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h>
#include "fsnotify.h"
/*
* Clear all of the marks on an inode when it is being evicted from core
*/
void __fsnotify_inode_delete(struct inode *inode)
{
fsnotify_clear_marks_by_inode(inode);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__fsnotify_inode_delete);
void __fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
fsnotify_clear_marks_by_mount(mnt);
}
/**
* fsnotify_unmount_inodes - an sb is unmounting. handle any watched inodes.
* @sb: superblock being unmounted.
*
* Called during unmount with no locks held, so needs to be safe against
* concurrent modifiers. We temporarily drop sb->s_inode_list_lock and CAN block.
*/
static void fsnotify_unmount_inodes(struct super_block *sb)
{
struct inode *inode, *iput_inode = NULL;
spin_lock(&sb->s_inode_list_lock);
list_for_each_entry(inode, &sb->s_inodes, i_sb_list) {
/*
* We cannot __iget() an inode in state I_FREEING,
* I_WILL_FREE, or I_NEW which is fine because by that point
* the inode cannot have any associated watches.
*/
spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
if (inode->i_state & (I_FREEING|I_WILL_FREE|I_NEW)) {
spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
continue;
}
/*
* If i_count is zero, the inode cannot have any watches and
* doing an __iget/iput with SB_ACTIVE clear would actually
* evict all inodes with zero i_count from icache which is
* unnecessarily violent and may in fact be illegal to do.
*/
if (!atomic_read(&inode->i_count)) {
spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
continue;
}
__iget(inode);
spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
spin_unlock(&sb->s_inode_list_lock);
if (iput_inode)
iput(iput_inode);
/* for each watch, send FS_UNMOUNT and then remove it */
fsnotify(inode, FS_UNMOUNT, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, NULL, 0);
fsnotify_inode_delete(inode);
iput_inode = inode;
spin_lock(&sb->s_inode_list_lock);
}
spin_unlock(&sb->s_inode_list_lock);
if (iput_inode)
iput(iput_inode);
/* Wait for outstanding inode references from connectors */
wait_var_event(&sb->s_fsnotify_inode_refs,
!atomic_long_read(&sb->s_fsnotify_inode_refs));
}
void fsnotify_sb_delete(struct super_block *sb)
{
fsnotify_unmount_inodes(sb);
fsnotify_clear_marks_by_sb(sb);
}
/*
* Given an inode, first check if we care what happens to our children. Inotify
* and dnotify both tell their parents about events. If we care about any event
* on a child we run all of our children and set a dentry flag saying that the
* parent cares. Thus when an event happens on a child it can quickly tell if
* if there is a need to find a parent and send the event to the parent.
*/
void __fsnotify_update_child_dentry_flags(struct inode *inode)
{
struct dentry *alias;
int watched;
if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
return;
/* determine if the children should tell inode about their events */
watched = fsnotify_inode_watches_children(inode);
spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
/* run all of the dentries associated with this inode. Since this is a
* directory, there damn well better only be one item on this list */
hlist_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) {
struct dentry *child;
/* run all of the children of the original inode and fix their
* d_flags to indicate parental interest (their parent is the
* original inode) */
spin_lock(&alias->d_lock);
list_for_each_entry(child, &alias->d_subdirs, d_child) {
if (!child->d_inode)
continue;
spin_lock_nested(&child->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED);
if (watched)
child->d_flags |= DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED;
else
child->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED;
spin_unlock(&child->d_lock);
}
spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock);
}
spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
}
/* Notify this dentry's parent about a child's events. */
int __fsnotify_parent(const struct path *path, struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask)
{
struct dentry *parent;
struct inode *p_inode;
int ret = 0;
if (!dentry)
dentry = path->dentry;
if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED))
return 0;
parent = dget_parent(dentry);
p_inode = parent->d_inode;
if (unlikely(!fsnotify_inode_watches_children(p_inode))) {
__fsnotify_update_child_dentry_flags(p_inode);
} else if (p_inode->i_fsnotify_mask & mask & ALL_FSNOTIFY_EVENTS) {
struct name_snapshot name;
/* we are notifying a parent so come up with the new mask which
* specifies these are events which came from a child. */
mask |= FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD;
take_dentry_name_snapshot(&name, dentry);
if (path)
ret = fsnotify(p_inode, mask, path, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH,
&name.name, 0);
else
ret = fsnotify(p_inode, mask, dentry->d_inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE,
&name.name, 0);
release_dentry_name_snapshot(&name);
}
dput(parent);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__fsnotify_parent);
static int send_to_group(struct inode *to_tell,
__u32 mask, const void *data,
int data_is, u32 cookie,
const struct qstr *file_name,
struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info)
{
struct fsnotify_group *group = NULL;
__u32 test_mask = (mask & ALL_FSNOTIFY_EVENTS);
__u32 marks_mask = 0;
__u32 marks_ignored_mask = 0;
struct fsnotify_mark *mark;
int type;
if (WARN_ON(!iter_info->report_mask))
return 0;
/* clear ignored on inode modification */
if (mask & FS_MODIFY) {
fsnotify_foreach_obj_type(type) {
if (!fsnotify_iter_should_report_type(iter_info, type))
continue;
mark = iter_info->marks[type];
if (mark &&
!(mark->flags & FSNOTIFY_MARK_FLAG_IGNORED_SURV_MODIFY))
mark->ignored_mask = 0;
}
}
fsnotify_foreach_obj_type(type) {
if (!fsnotify_iter_should_report_type(iter_info, type))
continue;
mark = iter_info->marks[type];
/* does the object mark tell us to do something? */
if (mark) {
group = mark->group;
marks_mask |= mark->mask;
marks_ignored_mask |= mark->ignored_mask;
}
}
pr_debug("%s: group=%p to_tell=%p mask=%x marks_mask=%x marks_ignored_mask=%x"
" data=%p data_is=%d cookie=%d\n",
__func__, group, to_tell, mask, marks_mask, marks_ignored_mask,
data, data_is, cookie);
if (!(test_mask & marks_mask & ~marks_ignored_mask))
return 0;
return group->ops->handle_event(group, to_tell, mask, data, data_is,
file_name, cookie, iter_info);
}
static struct fsnotify_mark *fsnotify_first_mark(struct fsnotify_mark_connector **connp)
{
struct fsnotify_mark_connector *conn;
struct hlist_node *node = NULL;
conn = srcu_dereference(*connp, &fsnotify_mark_srcu);
if (conn)
node = srcu_dereference(conn->list.first, &fsnotify_mark_srcu);
return hlist_entry_safe(node, struct fsnotify_mark, obj_list);
}
static struct fsnotify_mark *fsnotify_next_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark)
{
struct hlist_node *node = NULL;
if (mark)
node = srcu_dereference(mark->obj_list.next,
&fsnotify_mark_srcu);
return hlist_entry_safe(node, struct fsnotify_mark, obj_list);
}
/*
* iter_info is a multi head priority queue of marks.
* Pick a subset of marks from queue heads, all with the
* same group and set the report_mask for selected subset.
* Returns the report_mask of the selected subset.
*/
static unsigned int fsnotify_iter_select_report_types(
struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info)
{
struct fsnotify_group *max_prio_group = NULL;
struct fsnotify_mark *mark;
int type;
/* Choose max prio group among groups of all queue heads */
fsnotify_foreach_obj_type(type) {
mark = iter_info->marks[type];
if (mark &&
fsnotify_compare_groups(max_prio_group, mark->group) > 0)
max_prio_group = mark->group;
}
if (!max_prio_group)
return 0;
/* Set the report mask for marks from same group as max prio group */
iter_info->report_mask = 0;
fsnotify_foreach_obj_type(type) {
mark = iter_info->marks[type];
if (mark &&
fsnotify_compare_groups(max_prio_group, mark->group) == 0)
fsnotify_iter_set_report_type(iter_info, type);
}
return iter_info->report_mask;
}
/*
* Pop from iter_info multi head queue, the marks that were iterated in the
* current iteration step.
*/
static void fsnotify_iter_next(struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info)
{
int type;
fsnotify_foreach_obj_type(type) {
if (fsnotify_iter_should_report_type(iter_info, type))
iter_info->marks[type] =
fsnotify_next_mark(iter_info->marks[type]);
}
}
/*
* This is the main call to fsnotify. The VFS calls into hook specific functions
* in linux/fsnotify.h. Those functions then in turn call here. Here will call
* out to all of the registered fsnotify_group. Those groups can then use the
* notification event in whatever means they feel necessary.
*/
int fsnotify(struct inode *to_tell, __u32 mask, const void *data, int data_is,
const struct qstr *file_name, u32 cookie)
{
struct fsnotify_iter_info iter_info = {};
struct super_block *sb = to_tell->i_sb;
struct mount *mnt = NULL;
__u32 mnt_or_sb_mask = sb->s_fsnotify_mask;
int ret = 0;
__u32 test_mask = (mask & ALL_FSNOTIFY_EVENTS);
if (data_is == FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH) {
mnt = real_mount(((const struct path *)data)->mnt);
mnt_or_sb_mask |= mnt->mnt_fsnotify_mask;
}
/* An event "on child" is not intended for a mount/sb mark */
if (mask & FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD)
mnt_or_sb_mask = 0;
/*
* Optimization: srcu_read_lock() has a memory barrier which can
* be expensive. It protects walking the *_fsnotify_marks lists.
* However, if we do not walk the lists, we do not have to do
* SRCU because we have no references to any objects and do not
* need SRCU to keep them "alive".
*/
if (!to_tell->i_fsnotify_marks && !sb->s_fsnotify_marks &&
(!mnt || !mnt->mnt_fsnotify_marks))
return 0;
/*
* if this is a modify event we may need to clear the ignored masks
* otherwise return if neither the inode nor the vfsmount/sb care about
* this type of event.
*/
if (!(mask & FS_MODIFY) &&
!(test_mask & (to_tell->i_fsnotify_mask | mnt_or_sb_mask)))
return 0;
iter_info.srcu_idx = srcu_read_lock(&fsnotify_mark_srcu);
iter_info.marks[FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_INODE] =
fsnotify_first_mark(&to_tell->i_fsnotify_marks);
iter_info.marks[FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_SB] =
fsnotify_first_mark(&sb->s_fsnotify_marks);
if (mnt) {
iter_info.marks[FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_VFSMOUNT] =
fsnotify_first_mark(&mnt->mnt_fsnotify_marks);
}
/*
* We need to merge inode/vfsmount/sb mark lists so that e.g. inode mark
* ignore masks are properly reflected for mount/sb mark notifications.
* That's why this traversal is so complicated...
*/
while (fsnotify_iter_select_report_types(&iter_info)) {
ret = send_to_group(to_tell, mask, data, data_is, cookie,
file_name, &iter_info);
if (ret && (mask & ALL_FSNOTIFY_PERM_EVENTS))
goto out;
fsnotify_iter_next(&iter_info);
}
ret = 0;
out:
srcu_read_unlock(&fsnotify_mark_srcu, iter_info.srcu_idx);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fsnotify);
extern struct kmem_cache *fsnotify_mark_connector_cachep;
static __init int fsnotify_init(void)
{
int ret;
BUILD_BUG_ON(HWEIGHT32(ALL_FSNOTIFY_BITS) != 25);
ret = init_srcu_struct(&fsnotify_mark_srcu);
if (ret)
panic("initializing fsnotify_mark_srcu");
fsnotify_mark_connector_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(fsnotify_mark_connector,
SLAB_PANIC);
return 0;
}
core_initcall(fsnotify_init);