mm: fix false-positive OVERCOMMIT_GUESS failures

With the default overcommit==guess we occasionally run into mmap
rejections despite plenty of memory that would get dropped under
pressure but just isn't accounted reclaimable. One example of this is
dying cgroups pinned by some page cache. A previous case was auxiliary
path name memory associated with dentries; we have since annotated
those allocations to avoid overcommit failures (see d79f7aa496fc ("mm:
treat indirectly reclaimable memory as free in overcommit logic")).

But trying to classify all allocated memory reliably as reclaimable
and unreclaimable is a bit of a fool's errand. There could be a myriad
of dependencies that constantly change with kernel versions.

It becomes even more questionable of an effort when considering how
this estimate of available memory is used: it's not compared to the
system-wide allocated virtual memory in any way. It's not even
compared to the allocating process's address space. It's compared to
the single allocation request at hand!

So we have an elaborate left-hand side of the equation that tries to
assess the exact breathing room the system has available down to a
page - and then compare it to an isolated allocation request with no
additional context. We could fail an allocation of N bytes, but for
two allocations of N/2 bytes we'd do this elaborate dance twice in a
row and then still let N bytes of virtual memory through. This doesn't
make a whole lot of sense.

Let's take a step back and look at the actual goal of the
heuristic. From the documentation:

   Heuristic overcommit handling. Obvious overcommits of address
   space are refused. Used for a typical system. It ensures a
   seriously wild allocation fails while allowing overcommit to
   reduce swap usage.  root is allowed to allocate slightly more
   memory in this mode. This is the default.

If all we want to do is catch clearly bogus allocation requests
irrespective of the general virtual memory situation, the physical
memory counter-part doesn't need to be that complicated, either.

When in GUESS mode, catch wild allocations by comparing their request
size to total amount of ram and swap in the system.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <>
Acked-by: Roman Gushchin <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
1 file changed