blob: 57d550193df3e9d0433b1ca1e37a6f8716790a0b [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket
* interface as the means of communication with the user level.
*
* Implementation of the Transmission Control Protocol(TCP).
*
* Authors: Ross Biro
* Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG>
* Mark Evans, <evansmp@uhura.aston.ac.uk>
* Corey Minyard <wf-rch!minyard@relay.EU.net>
* Florian La Roche, <flla@stud.uni-sb.de>
* Charles Hedrick, <hedrick@klinzhai.rutgers.edu>
* Linus Torvalds, <torvalds@cs.helsinki.fi>
* Alan Cox, <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org>
* Matthew Dillon, <dillon@apollo.west.oic.com>
* Arnt Gulbrandsen, <agulbra@nvg.unit.no>
* Jorge Cwik, <jorge@laser.satlink.net>
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <net/tcp.h>
int sysctl_tcp_syn_retries __read_mostly = TCP_SYN_RETRIES;
int sysctl_tcp_synack_retries __read_mostly = TCP_SYNACK_RETRIES;
int sysctl_tcp_keepalive_time __read_mostly = TCP_KEEPALIVE_TIME;
int sysctl_tcp_keepalive_probes __read_mostly = TCP_KEEPALIVE_PROBES;
int sysctl_tcp_keepalive_intvl __read_mostly = TCP_KEEPALIVE_INTVL;
int sysctl_tcp_retries1 __read_mostly = TCP_RETR1;
int sysctl_tcp_retries2 __read_mostly = TCP_RETR2;
int sysctl_tcp_orphan_retries __read_mostly;
static void tcp_write_timer(unsigned long);
static void tcp_delack_timer(unsigned long);
static void tcp_keepalive_timer (unsigned long data);
void tcp_init_xmit_timers(struct sock *sk)
{
inet_csk_init_xmit_timers(sk, &tcp_write_timer, &tcp_delack_timer,
&tcp_keepalive_timer);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_init_xmit_timers);
static void tcp_write_err(struct sock *sk)
{
sk->sk_err = sk->sk_err_soft ? : ETIMEDOUT;
sk->sk_error_report(sk);
tcp_done(sk);
NET_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_TCPABORTONTIMEOUT);
}
/* Do not allow orphaned sockets to eat all our resources.
* This is direct violation of TCP specs, but it is required
* to prevent DoS attacks. It is called when a retransmission timeout
* or zero probe timeout occurs on orphaned socket.
*
* Criteria is still not confirmed experimentally and may change.
* We kill the socket, if:
* 1. If number of orphaned sockets exceeds an administratively configured
* limit.
* 2. If we have strong memory pressure.
*/
static int tcp_out_of_resources(struct sock *sk, int do_reset)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
int shift = 0;
/* If peer does not open window for long time, or did not transmit
* anything for long time, penalize it. */
if ((s32)(tcp_time_stamp - tp->lsndtime) > 2*TCP_RTO_MAX || !do_reset)
shift++;
/* If some dubious ICMP arrived, penalize even more. */
if (sk->sk_err_soft)
shift++;
if (tcp_too_many_orphans(sk, shift)) {
if (net_ratelimit())
printk(KERN_INFO "Out of socket memory\n");
/* Catch exceptional cases, when connection requires reset.
* 1. Last segment was sent recently. */
if ((s32)(tcp_time_stamp - tp->lsndtime) <= TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN ||
/* 2. Window is closed. */
(!tp->snd_wnd && !tp->packets_out))
do_reset = 1;
if (do_reset)
tcp_send_active_reset(sk, GFP_ATOMIC);
tcp_done(sk);
NET_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_TCPABORTONMEMORY);
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/* Calculate maximal number or retries on an orphaned socket. */
static int tcp_orphan_retries(struct sock *sk, int alive)
{
int retries = sysctl_tcp_orphan_retries; /* May be zero. */
/* We know from an ICMP that something is wrong. */
if (sk->sk_err_soft && !alive)
retries = 0;
/* However, if socket sent something recently, select some safe
* number of retries. 8 corresponds to >100 seconds with minimal
* RTO of 200msec. */
if (retries == 0 && alive)
retries = 8;
return retries;
}
static void tcp_mtu_probing(struct inet_connection_sock *icsk, struct sock *sk)
{
/* Black hole detection */
if (sysctl_tcp_mtu_probing) {
if (!icsk->icsk_mtup.enabled) {
icsk->icsk_mtup.enabled = 1;
tcp_sync_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_pmtu_cookie);
} else {
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
int mss;
mss = tcp_mtu_to_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_mtup.search_low) >> 1;
mss = min(sysctl_tcp_base_mss, mss);
mss = max(mss, 68 - tp->tcp_header_len);
icsk->icsk_mtup.search_low = tcp_mss_to_mtu(sk, mss);
tcp_sync_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_pmtu_cookie);
}
}
}
/* A write timeout has occurred. Process the after effects. */
static int tcp_write_timeout(struct sock *sk)
{
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
int retry_until;
bool do_reset;
if ((1 << sk->sk_state) & (TCPF_SYN_SENT | TCPF_SYN_RECV)) {
if (icsk->icsk_retransmits)
dst_negative_advice(&sk->sk_dst_cache);
retry_until = icsk->icsk_syn_retries ? : sysctl_tcp_syn_retries;
} else {
if (retransmits_timed_out(sk, sysctl_tcp_retries1)) {
/* Black hole detection */
tcp_mtu_probing(icsk, sk);
dst_negative_advice(&sk->sk_dst_cache);
}
retry_until = sysctl_tcp_retries2;
if (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DEAD)) {
const int alive = (icsk->icsk_rto < TCP_RTO_MAX);
retry_until = tcp_orphan_retries(sk, alive);
do_reset = alive ||
!retransmits_timed_out(sk, retry_until);
if (tcp_out_of_resources(sk, do_reset))
return 1;
}
}
if (retransmits_timed_out(sk, retry_until)) {
/* Has it gone just too far? */
tcp_write_err(sk);
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
static void tcp_delack_timer(unsigned long data)
{
struct sock *sk = (struct sock *)data;
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
bh_lock_sock(sk);
if (sock_owned_by_user(sk)) {
/* Try again later. */
icsk->icsk_ack.blocked = 1;
NET_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_DELAYEDACKLOCKED);
sk_reset_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_delack_timer, jiffies + TCP_DELACK_MIN);
goto out_unlock;
}
sk_mem_reclaim_partial(sk);
if (sk->sk_state == TCP_CLOSE || !(icsk->icsk_ack.pending & ICSK_ACK_TIMER))
goto out;
if (time_after(icsk->icsk_ack.timeout, jiffies)) {
sk_reset_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_delack_timer, icsk->icsk_ack.timeout);
goto out;
}
icsk->icsk_ack.pending &= ~ICSK_ACK_TIMER;
if (!skb_queue_empty(&tp->ucopy.prequeue)) {
struct sk_buff *skb;
NET_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_TCPSCHEDULERFAILED);
while ((skb = __skb_dequeue(&tp->ucopy.prequeue)) != NULL)
sk_backlog_rcv(sk, skb);
tp->ucopy.memory = 0;
}
if (inet_csk_ack_scheduled(sk)) {
if (!icsk->icsk_ack.pingpong) {
/* Delayed ACK missed: inflate ATO. */
icsk->icsk_ack.ato = min(icsk->icsk_ack.ato << 1, icsk->icsk_rto);
} else {
/* Delayed ACK missed: leave pingpong mode and
* deflate ATO.
*/
icsk->icsk_ack.pingpong = 0;
icsk->icsk_ack.ato = TCP_ATO_MIN;
}
tcp_send_ack(sk);
NET_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_DELAYEDACKS);
}
TCP_CHECK_TIMER(sk);
out:
if (tcp_memory_pressure)
sk_mem_reclaim(sk);
out_unlock:
bh_unlock_sock(sk);
sock_put(sk);
}
static void tcp_probe_timer(struct sock *sk)
{
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
int max_probes;
if (tp->packets_out || !tcp_send_head(sk)) {
icsk->icsk_probes_out = 0;
return;
}
/* *WARNING* RFC 1122 forbids this
*
* It doesn't AFAIK, because we kill the retransmit timer -AK
*
* FIXME: We ought not to do it, Solaris 2.5 actually has fixing
* this behaviour in Solaris down as a bug fix. [AC]
*
* Let me to explain. icsk_probes_out is zeroed by incoming ACKs
* even if they advertise zero window. Hence, connection is killed only
* if we received no ACKs for normal connection timeout. It is not killed
* only because window stays zero for some time, window may be zero
* until armageddon and even later. We are in full accordance
* with RFCs, only probe timer combines both retransmission timeout
* and probe timeout in one bottle. --ANK
*/
max_probes = sysctl_tcp_retries2;
if (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DEAD)) {
const int alive = ((icsk->icsk_rto << icsk->icsk_backoff) < TCP_RTO_MAX);
max_probes = tcp_orphan_retries(sk, alive);
if (tcp_out_of_resources(sk, alive || icsk->icsk_probes_out <= max_probes))
return;
}
if (icsk->icsk_probes_out > max_probes) {
tcp_write_err(sk);
} else {
/* Only send another probe if we didn't close things up. */
tcp_send_probe0(sk);
}
}
/*
* The TCP retransmit timer.
*/
void tcp_retransmit_timer(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
if (!tp->packets_out)
goto out;
WARN_ON(tcp_write_queue_empty(sk));
if (!tp->snd_wnd && !sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DEAD) &&
!((1 << sk->sk_state) & (TCPF_SYN_SENT | TCPF_SYN_RECV))) {
/* Receiver dastardly shrinks window. Our retransmits
* become zero probes, but we should not timeout this
* connection. If the socket is an orphan, time it out,
* we cannot allow such beasts to hang infinitely.
*/
#ifdef TCP_DEBUG
struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
if (sk->sk_family == AF_INET) {
LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_DEBUG "TCP: Peer %pI4:%u/%u unexpectedly shrunk window %u:%u (repaired)\n",
&inet->daddr, ntohs(inet->dport),
inet->num, tp->snd_una, tp->snd_nxt);
}
#if defined(CONFIG_IPV6) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MODULE)
else if (sk->sk_family == AF_INET6) {
struct ipv6_pinfo *np = inet6_sk(sk);
LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_DEBUG "TCP: Peer %pI6:%u/%u unexpectedly shrunk window %u:%u (repaired)\n",
&np->daddr, ntohs(inet->dport),
inet->num, tp->snd_una, tp->snd_nxt);
}
#endif
#endif
if (tcp_time_stamp - tp->rcv_tstamp > TCP_RTO_MAX) {
tcp_write_err(sk);
goto out;
}
tcp_enter_loss(sk, 0);
tcp_retransmit_skb(sk, tcp_write_queue_head(sk));
__sk_dst_reset(sk);
goto out_reset_timer;
}
if (tcp_write_timeout(sk))
goto out;
if (icsk->icsk_retransmits == 0) {
int mib_idx;
if (icsk->icsk_ca_state == TCP_CA_Disorder) {
if (tcp_is_sack(tp))
mib_idx = LINUX_MIB_TCPSACKFAILURES;
else
mib_idx = LINUX_MIB_TCPRENOFAILURES;
} else if (icsk->icsk_ca_state == TCP_CA_Recovery) {
if (tcp_is_sack(tp))
mib_idx = LINUX_MIB_TCPSACKRECOVERYFAIL;
else
mib_idx = LINUX_MIB_TCPRENORECOVERYFAIL;
} else if (icsk->icsk_ca_state == TCP_CA_Loss) {
mib_idx = LINUX_MIB_TCPLOSSFAILURES;
} else {
mib_idx = LINUX_MIB_TCPTIMEOUTS;
}
NET_INC_STATS_BH(sock_net(sk), mib_idx);
}
if (tcp_use_frto(sk)) {
tcp_enter_frto(sk);
} else {
tcp_enter_loss(sk, 0);
}
if (tcp_retransmit_skb(sk, tcp_write_queue_head(sk)) > 0) {
/* Retransmission failed because of local congestion,
* do not backoff.
*/
if (!icsk->icsk_retransmits)
icsk->icsk_retransmits = 1;
inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_RETRANS,
min(icsk->icsk_rto, TCP_RESOURCE_PROBE_INTERVAL),
TCP_RTO_MAX);
goto out;
}
/* Increase the timeout each time we retransmit. Note that
* we do not increase the rtt estimate. rto is initialized
* from rtt, but increases here. Jacobson (SIGCOMM 88) suggests
* that doubling rto each time is the least we can get away with.
* In KA9Q, Karn uses this for the first few times, and then
* goes to quadratic. netBSD doubles, but only goes up to *64,
* and clamps at 1 to 64 sec afterwards. Note that 120 sec is
* defined in the protocol as the maximum possible RTT. I guess
* we'll have to use something other than TCP to talk to the
* University of Mars.
*
* PAWS allows us longer timeouts and large windows, so once
* implemented ftp to mars will work nicely. We will have to fix
* the 120 second clamps though!
*/
icsk->icsk_backoff++;
icsk->icsk_retransmits++;
out_reset_timer:
icsk->icsk_rto = min(icsk->icsk_rto << 1, TCP_RTO_MAX);
inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_RETRANS, icsk->icsk_rto, TCP_RTO_MAX);
if (retransmits_timed_out(sk, sysctl_tcp_retries1 + 1))
__sk_dst_reset(sk);
out:;
}
static void tcp_write_timer(unsigned long data)
{
struct sock *sk = (struct sock *)data;
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
int event;
bh_lock_sock(sk);
if (sock_owned_by_user(sk)) {
/* Try again later */
sk_reset_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_retransmit_timer, jiffies + (HZ / 20));
goto out_unlock;
}
if (sk->sk_state == TCP_CLOSE || !icsk->icsk_pending)
goto out;
if (time_after(icsk->icsk_timeout, jiffies)) {
sk_reset_timer(sk, &icsk->icsk_retransmit_timer, icsk->icsk_timeout);
goto out;
}
event = icsk->icsk_pending;
icsk->icsk_pending = 0;
switch (event) {
case ICSK_TIME_RETRANS:
tcp_retransmit_timer(sk);
break;
case ICSK_TIME_PROBE0:
tcp_probe_timer(sk);
break;
}
TCP_CHECK_TIMER(sk);
out:
sk_mem_reclaim(sk);
out_unlock:
bh_unlock_sock(sk);
sock_put(sk);
}
/*
* Timer for listening sockets
*/
static void tcp_synack_timer(struct sock *sk)
{
inet_csk_reqsk_queue_prune(sk, TCP_SYNQ_INTERVAL,
TCP_TIMEOUT_INIT, TCP_RTO_MAX);
}
void tcp_set_keepalive(struct sock *sk, int val)
{
if ((1 << sk->sk_state) & (TCPF_CLOSE | TCPF_LISTEN))
return;
if (val && !sock_flag(sk, SOCK_KEEPOPEN))
inet_csk_reset_keepalive_timer(sk, keepalive_time_when(tcp_sk(sk)));
else if (!val)
inet_csk_delete_keepalive_timer(sk);
}
static void tcp_keepalive_timer (unsigned long data)
{
struct sock *sk = (struct sock *) data;
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
__u32 elapsed;
/* Only process if socket is not in use. */
bh_lock_sock(sk);
if (sock_owned_by_user(sk)) {
/* Try again later. */
inet_csk_reset_keepalive_timer (sk, HZ/20);
goto out;
}
if (sk->sk_state == TCP_LISTEN) {
tcp_synack_timer(sk);
goto out;
}
if (sk->sk_state == TCP_FIN_WAIT2 && sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DEAD)) {
if (tp->linger2 >= 0) {
const int tmo = tcp_fin_time(sk) - TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN;
if (tmo > 0) {
tcp_time_wait(sk, TCP_FIN_WAIT2, tmo);
goto out;
}
}
tcp_send_active_reset(sk, GFP_ATOMIC);
goto death;
}
if (!sock_flag(sk, SOCK_KEEPOPEN) || sk->sk_state == TCP_CLOSE)
goto out;
elapsed = keepalive_time_when(tp);
/* It is alive without keepalive 8) */
if (tp->packets_out || tcp_send_head(sk))
goto resched;
elapsed = tcp_time_stamp - tp->rcv_tstamp;
if (elapsed >= keepalive_time_when(tp)) {
if (icsk->icsk_probes_out >= keepalive_probes(tp)) {
tcp_send_active_reset(sk, GFP_ATOMIC);
tcp_write_err(sk);
goto out;
}
if (tcp_write_wakeup(sk) <= 0) {
icsk->icsk_probes_out++;
elapsed = keepalive_intvl_when(tp);
} else {
/* If keepalive was lost due to local congestion,
* try harder.
*/
elapsed = TCP_RESOURCE_PROBE_INTERVAL;
}
} else {
/* It is tp->rcv_tstamp + keepalive_time_when(tp) */
elapsed = keepalive_time_when(tp) - elapsed;
}
TCP_CHECK_TIMER(sk);
sk_mem_reclaim(sk);
resched:
inet_csk_reset_keepalive_timer (sk, elapsed);
goto out;
death:
tcp_done(sk);
out:
bh_unlock_sock(sk);
sock_put(sk);
}