blob: b650b4e48e5042654c139ea0777befe7bbebab4a [file] [log] [blame]
/* IBM POWER Barrier Synchronization Register Driver
* Copyright IBM Corporation 2008
* Author: Sonny Rao <>
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* GNU General Public License for more details.
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/of_device.h>
#include <linux/of_platform.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
This driver exposes a special register which can be used for fast
synchronization across a large SMP machine. The hardware is exposed
as an array of bytes where each process will write to one of the bytes to
indicate it has finished the current stage and this update is broadcast to
all processors without having to bounce a cacheline between them. In
POWER5 and POWER6 there is one of these registers per SMP, but it is
presented in two forms; first, it is given as a whole and then as a number
of smaller registers which alias to parts of the single whole register.
This can potentially allow multiple groups of processes to each have their
own private synchronization device.
Note that this hardware *must* be written to using *only* single byte writes.
It may be read using 1, 2, 4, or 8 byte loads which must be aligned since
this region is treated as cache-inhibited processes should also use a
full sync before and after writing to the BSR to ensure all stores and
the BSR update have made it to all chips in the system
/* This is arbitrary number, up to Power6 it's been 17 or fewer */
#define BSR_MAX_DEVS (32)
struct bsr_dev {
u64 bsr_addr; /* Real address */
u64 bsr_len; /* length of mem region we can map */
unsigned bsr_bytes; /* size of the BSR reg itself */
unsigned bsr_stride; /* interval at which BSR repeats in the page */
unsigned bsr_type; /* maps to enum below */
unsigned bsr_num; /* bsr id number for its type */
int bsr_minor;
dev_t bsr_dev;
struct cdev bsr_cdev;
struct device *bsr_device;
char bsr_name[32];
static unsigned num_bsr_devs;
static struct bsr_dev *bsr_devs;
static struct class *bsr_class;
static int bsr_major;
enum {
BSR_8 = 0,
BSR_16 = 1,
BSR_64 = 2,
BSR_128 = 3,
BSR_MAX = 5,
static unsigned bsr_types[BSR_MAX];
static ssize_t
bsr_size_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
struct bsr_dev *bsr_dev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", bsr_dev->bsr_bytes);
static ssize_t
bsr_stride_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
struct bsr_dev *bsr_dev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", bsr_dev->bsr_stride);
static ssize_t
bsr_len_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
struct bsr_dev *bsr_dev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", bsr_dev->bsr_len);
static struct device_attribute bsr_dev_attrs[] = {
__ATTR(bsr_size, S_IRUGO, bsr_size_show, NULL),
__ATTR(bsr_stride, S_IRUGO, bsr_stride_show, NULL),
__ATTR(bsr_length, S_IRUGO, bsr_len_show, NULL),
static int bsr_mmap(struct file *filp, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
unsigned long size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
struct bsr_dev *dev = filp->private_data;
if (size > dev->bsr_len || (size & (PAGE_SIZE-1)))
return -EINVAL;
vma->vm_flags |= (VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND);
vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_noncached(vma->vm_page_prot);
if (io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, dev->bsr_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT,
size, vma->vm_page_prot))
return -EAGAIN;
return 0;
static int bsr_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp)
struct cdev *cdev = inode->i_cdev;
struct bsr_dev *dev = container_of(cdev, struct bsr_dev, bsr_cdev);
filp->private_data = dev;
return 0;
const static struct file_operations bsr_fops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.mmap = bsr_mmap,
.open = bsr_open,
static void bsr_cleanup_devs(void)
int i;
for (i=0 ; i < num_bsr_devs; i++) {
struct bsr_dev *cur = bsr_devs + i;
if (cur->bsr_device) {
static int bsr_create_devs(struct device_node *bn)
int bsr_stride_len, bsr_bytes_len;
const u32 *bsr_stride;
const u32 *bsr_bytes;
unsigned i;
bsr_stride = of_get_property(bn, "ibm,lock-stride", &bsr_stride_len);
bsr_bytes = of_get_property(bn, "ibm,#lock-bytes", &bsr_bytes_len);
if (!bsr_stride || !bsr_bytes ||
(bsr_stride_len != bsr_bytes_len)) {
printk(KERN_ERR "bsr of-node has missing/incorrect property\n");
return -ENODEV;
num_bsr_devs = bsr_bytes_len / sizeof(u32);
/* only a warning, its informational since we'll fail and exit */
WARN_ON(num_bsr_devs > BSR_MAX_DEVS);
bsr_devs = kzalloc(sizeof(struct bsr_dev) * num_bsr_devs, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!bsr_devs)
return -ENOMEM;
for (i = 0 ; i < num_bsr_devs; i++) {
struct bsr_dev *cur = bsr_devs + i;
struct resource res;
int result;
result = of_address_to_resource(bn, i, &res);
if (result < 0) {
printk(KERN_ERR "bsr of-node has invalid reg property\n");
goto out_err;
cur->bsr_minor = i;
cur->bsr_addr = res.start;
cur->bsr_len = res.end - res.start + 1;
cur->bsr_bytes = bsr_bytes[i];
cur->bsr_stride = bsr_stride[i];
cur->bsr_dev = MKDEV(bsr_major, i);
switch(cur->bsr_bytes) {
case 8:
cur->bsr_type = BSR_8;
case 16:
cur->bsr_type = BSR_16;
case 64:
cur->bsr_type = BSR_64;
case 128:
cur->bsr_type = BSR_128;
cur->bsr_type = BSR_UNKNOWN;
printk(KERN_INFO "unknown BSR size %d\n",cur->bsr_bytes);
cur->bsr_num = bsr_types[cur->bsr_type];
bsr_types[cur->bsr_type] = cur->bsr_num + 1;
snprintf(cur->bsr_name, 32, "bsr%d_%d",
cur->bsr_bytes, cur->bsr_num);
cdev_init(&cur->bsr_cdev, &bsr_fops);
result = cdev_add(&cur->bsr_cdev, cur->bsr_dev, 1);
if (result)
goto out_err;
cur->bsr_device = device_create_drvdata(bsr_class, NULL,
cur, cur->bsr_name);
if (!cur->bsr_device) {
printk(KERN_ERR "device_create failed for %s\n",
goto out_err;
return 0;
return -ENODEV;
static int __init bsr_init(void)
struct device_node *np;
dev_t bsr_dev = MKDEV(bsr_major, 0);
int ret = -ENODEV;
int result;
np = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, "ibm,bsr", "ibm,bsr");
if (!np)
goto out_err;
bsr_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "bsr");
if (IS_ERR(bsr_class)) {
printk(KERN_ERR "class_create() failed for bsr_class\n");
goto out_err_1;
bsr_class->dev_attrs = bsr_dev_attrs;
result = alloc_chrdev_region(&bsr_dev, 0, BSR_MAX_DEVS, "bsr");
bsr_major = MAJOR(bsr_dev);
if (result < 0) {
printk(KERN_ERR "alloc_chrdev_region() failed for bsr\n");
goto out_err_2;
if ((ret = bsr_create_devs(np)) < 0)
goto out_err_3;
return 0;
unregister_chrdev_region(bsr_dev, BSR_MAX_DEVS);
return ret;
static void __exit bsr_exit(void)
if (bsr_class)
if (bsr_major)
unregister_chrdev_region(MKDEV(bsr_major, 0), BSR_MAX_DEVS);
MODULE_AUTHOR("Sonny Rao <>");