netlink: add master/slave configuration support

This UAPI is needed for BroadR-Reach 100BASE-T1 devices. Due to lack of
auto-negotiation support, we needed to be able to configure the
MASTER-SLAVE role of the port manually or from an application in user
space.

The same UAPI can be used for 1000BASE-T or MultiGBASE-T devices to
force MASTER or SLAVE role. See IEEE 802.3-2018:
22.2.4.3.7 MASTER-SLAVE control register (Register 9)
22.2.4.3.8 MASTER-SLAVE status register (Register 10)
40.5.2 MASTER-SLAVE configuration resolution
45.2.1.185.1 MASTER-SLAVE config value (1.2100.14)
45.2.7.10 MultiGBASE-T AN control 1 register (Register 7.32)

The MASTER-SLAVE role affects the clock configuration:

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
When the  PHY is configured as MASTER, the PMA Transmit function shall
source TX_TCLK from a local clock source. When configured as SLAVE, the
PMA Transmit function shall source TX_TCLK from the clock recovered from
data stream provided by MASTER.

iMX6Q                     KSZ9031                XXX
------\                /-----------\        /------------\
      |                |           |        |            |
 MAC  |<----RGMII----->| PHY Slave |<------>| PHY Master |
      |<--- 125 MHz ---+-<------/  |        | \          |
------/                \-----------/        \------------/
                                               ^
                                                \-TX_TCLK

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Since some clock or link related issues are only reproducible in a
specific MASTER-SLAVE-role, MAC and PHY configuration, it is beneficial
to provide generic (not 100BASE-T1 specific) interface to the user space
for configuration flexibility and trouble shooting.

Signed-off-by: Oleksij Rempel <o.rempel@pengutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Michal Kubecek <mkubecek@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Michal Kubecek <mkubecek@suse.cz>
4 files changed