blob: 19e0ae9beecb71062f4a8030f6ab8df14bfa9d51 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* linux/mm/memory.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds
*/
/*
* demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of
* things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus
*/
/*
* Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared
* pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus.
*
* Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it
* would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as
* far as I could see.
*
* Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them.
*/
/*
* Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and
* thought has to go into this. Oh, well..
* 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why.
* Found it. Everything seems to work now.
* 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root.
*/
/*
* 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1.
* Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk)
*
* 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG
* (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de)
*
* Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen)
*/
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/delayacct.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/tlb.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
#include <linux/elf.h>
#ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES
/* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */
unsigned long max_mapnr;
struct page *mem_map;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map);
#endif
unsigned long num_physpages;
/*
* A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption
* that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end
* of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and
* highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL
* and ZONE_HIGHMEM.
*/
void * high_memory;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(num_physpages);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory);
/*
* Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.).
*
* ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization,
* as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. )
*/
int randomize_va_space __read_mostly =
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK
1;
#else
2;
#endif
static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s)
{
randomize_va_space = 0;
return 1;
}
__setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps);
/*
* If a p?d_bad entry is found while walking page tables, report
* the error, before resetting entry to p?d_none. Usually (but
* very seldom) called out from the p?d_none_or_clear_bad macros.
*/
void pgd_clear_bad(pgd_t *pgd)
{
pgd_ERROR(*pgd);
pgd_clear(pgd);
}
void pud_clear_bad(pud_t *pud)
{
pud_ERROR(*pud);
pud_clear(pud);
}
void pmd_clear_bad(pmd_t *pmd)
{
pmd_ERROR(*pmd);
pmd_clear(pmd);
}
/*
* Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That
* has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions.
*/
static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd)
{
pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd);
pmd_clear(pmd);
pte_free_tlb(tlb, token);
tlb->mm->nr_ptes--;
}
static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling)
{
pmd_t *pmd;
unsigned long next;
unsigned long start;
start = addr;
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
do {
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd))
continue;
free_pte_range(tlb, pmd);
} while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);
start &= PUD_MASK;
if (start < floor)
return;
if (ceiling) {
ceiling &= PUD_MASK;
if (!ceiling)
return;
}
if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1)
return;
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start);
pud_clear(pud);
pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd);
}
static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling)
{
pud_t *pud;
unsigned long next;
unsigned long start;
start = addr;
pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
do {
next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud))
continue;
free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling);
} while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
start &= PGDIR_MASK;
if (start < floor)
return;
if (ceiling) {
ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK;
if (!ceiling)
return;
}
if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1)
return;
pud = pud_offset(pgd, start);
pgd_clear(pgd);
pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud);
}
/*
* This function frees user-level page tables of a process.
*
* Must be called with pagetable lock held.
*/
void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather **tlb,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
unsigned long next;
unsigned long start;
/*
* The next few lines have given us lots of grief...
*
* Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often
* there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to
* go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that.
*
* Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom
* of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the
* top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing).
* The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of
* the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top
* Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though
* that end 0 case should be mythical).
*
* Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must
* be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the
* subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down
* by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there.
*
* Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different
* masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table
* now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't
* bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that.
*/
addr &= PMD_MASK;
if (addr < floor) {
addr += PMD_SIZE;
if (!addr)
return;
}
if (ceiling) {
ceiling &= PMD_MASK;
if (!ceiling)
return;
}
if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1)
end -= PMD_SIZE;
if (addr > end - 1)
return;
start = addr;
pgd = pgd_offset((*tlb)->mm, addr);
do {
next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd))
continue;
free_pud_range(*tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling);
} while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end);
}
void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather **tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling)
{
while (vma) {
struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next;
unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start;
/*
* Hide vma from rmap and vmtruncate before freeing pgtables
*/
anon_vma_unlink(vma);
unlink_file_vma(vma);
if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) {
hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end,
floor, next? next->vm_start: ceiling);
} else {
/*
* Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down
*/
while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE
&& !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) {
vma = next;
next = vma->vm_next;
anon_vma_unlink(vma);
unlink_file_vma(vma);
}
free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end,
floor, next? next->vm_start: ceiling);
}
vma = next;
}
}
int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address)
{
pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm, address);
if (!new)
return -ENOMEM;
/*
* Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are
* visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being
* put into page tables.
*
* The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page
* table walking code (when walking the page table without locking;
* ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist
* of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha
* being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are
* seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the
* smp_read_barrier_depends() barriers in page table walking code.
*/
smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */
spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
if (!pmd_present(*pmd)) { /* Has another populated it ? */
mm->nr_ptes++;
pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new);
new = NULL;
}
spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
if (new)
pte_free(mm, new);
return 0;
}
int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address)
{
pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm, address);
if (!new)
return -ENOMEM;
smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
if (!pmd_present(*pmd)) { /* Has another populated it ? */
pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new);
new = NULL;
}
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
if (new)
pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new);
return 0;
}
static inline void add_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm, int file_rss, int anon_rss)
{
if (file_rss)
add_mm_counter(mm, file_rss, file_rss);
if (anon_rss)
add_mm_counter(mm, anon_rss, anon_rss);
}
/*
* This function is called to print an error when a bad pte
* is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in
* a region that doesn't allow it.
*
* The calling function must still handle the error.
*/
void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pte_t pte, unsigned long vaddr)
{
printk(KERN_ERR "Bad pte = %08llx, process = %s, "
"vm_flags = %lx, vaddr = %lx\n",
(long long)pte_val(pte),
(vma->vm_mm == current->mm ? current->comm : "???"),
vma->vm_flags, vaddr);
dump_stack();
}
static inline int is_cow_mapping(unsigned int flags)
{
return (flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_MAYWRITE)) == VM_MAYWRITE;
}
/*
* vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte.
*
* "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either
* it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this
* case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page.
*
* There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special()
* pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture
* may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme,
* described below.
*
* A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a
* special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages").
* COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal.
*
* The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the
* rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit
* set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special
* mapping will always honor the rule
*
* pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
*
* And for normal mappings this is false.
*
* This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address
* to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long
* as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are
* special (because none can have been COWed).
*
*
* In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP.
*
* VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct
* page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct
* page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered
* normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted
* (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The
* advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of
* PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings.
*
*/
#ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL
# define HAVE_PTE_SPECIAL 1
#else
# define HAVE_PTE_SPECIAL 0
#endif
struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
pte_t pte)
{
unsigned long pfn;
if (HAVE_PTE_SPECIAL) {
if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) {
VM_BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));
return pte_page(pte);
}
VM_BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)));
return NULL;
}
/* !HAVE_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */
pfn = pte_pfn(pte);
if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) {
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) {
if (!pfn_valid(pfn))
return NULL;
goto out;
} else {
unsigned long off;
off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off)
return NULL;
if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags))
return NULL;
}
}
VM_BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pfn));
/*
* NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables.
*
* eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist.
*/
out:
return pfn_to_page(pfn);
}
/*
* copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables
* already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range
* covered by this vma.
*/
static inline void
copy_one_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm,
pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, int *rss)
{
unsigned long vm_flags = vma->vm_flags;
pte_t pte = *src_pte;
struct page *page;
/* pte contains position in swap or file, so copy. */
if (unlikely(!pte_present(pte))) {
if (!pte_file(pte)) {
swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte);
swap_duplicate(entry);
/* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */
if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) {
spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))
list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist,
&src_mm->mmlist);
spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
}
if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) &&
is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) {
/*
* COW mappings require pages in both parent
* and child to be set to read.
*/
make_migration_entry_read(&entry);
pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry);
set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte);
}
}
goto out_set_pte;
}
/*
* If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both
* in the parent and the child
*/
if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) {
ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte);
pte = pte_wrprotect(pte);
}
/*
* If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in
* the child
*/
if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
pte = pte_mkclean(pte);
pte = pte_mkold(pte);
page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, pte);
if (page) {
get_page(page);
page_dup_rmap(page, vma, addr);
rss[!!PageAnon(page)]++;
}
out_set_pte:
set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte);
}
static int copy_pte_range(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm,
pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
{
pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte;
spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl;
int progress = 0;
int rss[2];
again:
rss[1] = rss[0] = 0;
dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl);
if (!dst_pte)
return -ENOMEM;
src_pte = pte_offset_map_nested(src_pmd, addr);
src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd);
spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
do {
/*
* We are holding two locks at this point - either of them
* could generate latencies in another task on another CPU.
*/
if (progress >= 32) {
progress = 0;
if (need_resched() ||
spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl))
break;
}
if (pte_none(*src_pte)) {
progress++;
continue;
}
copy_one_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, vma, addr, rss);
progress += 8;
} while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
spin_unlock(src_ptl);
pte_unmap_nested(src_pte - 1);
add_mm_rss(dst_mm, rss[0], rss[1]);
pte_unmap_unlock(dst_pte - 1, dst_ptl);
cond_resched();
if (addr != end)
goto again;
return 0;
}
static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm,
pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
{
pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd;
unsigned long next;
dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr);
if (!dst_pmd)
return -ENOMEM;
src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr);
do {
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd))
continue;
if (copy_pte_range(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd,
vma, addr, next))
return -ENOMEM;
} while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 0;
}
static inline int copy_pud_range(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm,
pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
{
pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud;
unsigned long next;
dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr);
if (!dst_pud)
return -ENOMEM;
src_pud = pud_offset(src_pgd, addr);
do {
next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud))
continue;
if (copy_pmd_range(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud,
vma, addr, next))
return -ENOMEM;
} while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 0;
}
int copy_page_range(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm,
struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd;
unsigned long next;
unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start;
unsigned long end = vma->vm_end;
/*
* Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly.
* Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private
* readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more
* efficient than faulting.
*/
if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB|VM_NONLINEAR|VM_PFNMAP|VM_INSERTPAGE))) {
if (!vma->anon_vma)
return 0;
}
if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, vma);
dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr);
src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr);
do {
next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd))
continue;
if (copy_pud_range(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pgd, src_pgd,
vma, addr, next))
return -ENOMEM;
} while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 0;
}
static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
long *zap_work, struct zap_details *details)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm;
pte_t *pte;
spinlock_t *ptl;
int file_rss = 0;
int anon_rss = 0;
pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
do {
pte_t ptent = *pte;
if (pte_none(ptent)) {
(*zap_work)--;
continue;
}
(*zap_work) -= PAGE_SIZE;
if (pte_present(ptent)) {
struct page *page;
page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent);
if (unlikely(details) && page) {
/*
* unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to
* invalidate cache without truncating:
* unmap shared but keep private pages.
*/
if (details->check_mapping &&
details->check_mapping != page->mapping)
continue;
/*
* Each page->index must be checked when
* invalidating or truncating nonlinear.
*/
if (details->nonlinear_vma &&
(page->index < details->first_index ||
page->index > details->last_index))
continue;
}
ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte,
tlb->fullmm);
tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr);
if (unlikely(!page))
continue;
if (unlikely(details) && details->nonlinear_vma
&& linear_page_index(details->nonlinear_vma,
addr) != page->index)
set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte,
pgoff_to_pte(page->index));
if (PageAnon(page))
anon_rss--;
else {
if (pte_dirty(ptent))
set_page_dirty(page);
if (pte_young(ptent))
SetPageReferenced(page);
file_rss--;
}
page_remove_rmap(page, vma);
tlb_remove_page(tlb, page);
continue;
}
/*
* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries;
* if details->nonlinear_vma, we leave file entries.
*/
if (unlikely(details))
continue;
if (!pte_file(ptent))
free_swap_and_cache(pte_to_swp_entry(ptent));
pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm);
} while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, (addr != end && *zap_work > 0));
add_mm_rss(mm, file_rss, anon_rss);
arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
pte_unmap_unlock(pte - 1, ptl);
return addr;
}
static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
long *zap_work, struct zap_details *details)
{
pmd_t *pmd;
unsigned long next;
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
do {
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) {
(*zap_work)--;
continue;
}
next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next,
zap_work, details);
} while (pmd++, addr = next, (addr != end && *zap_work > 0));
return addr;
}
static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
long *zap_work, struct zap_details *details)
{
pud_t *pud;
unsigned long next;
pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
do {
next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) {
(*zap_work)--;
continue;
}
next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next,
zap_work, details);
} while (pud++, addr = next, (addr != end && *zap_work > 0));
return addr;
}
static unsigned long unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
long *zap_work, struct zap_details *details)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
unsigned long next;
if (details && !details->check_mapping && !details->nonlinear_vma)
details = NULL;
BUG_ON(addr >= end);
tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma);
pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr);
do {
next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) {
(*zap_work)--;
continue;
}
next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next,
zap_work, details);
} while (pgd++, addr = next, (addr != end && *zap_work > 0));
tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma);
return addr;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
# define ZAP_BLOCK_SIZE (8 * PAGE_SIZE)
#else
/* No preempt: go for improved straight-line efficiency */
# define ZAP_BLOCK_SIZE (1024 * PAGE_SIZE)
#endif
/**
* unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's
* @tlbp: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather
* @vma: the starting vma
* @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping
* @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping
* @nr_accounted: Place number of unmapped pages in vm-accountable vma's here
* @details: details of nonlinear truncation or shared cache invalidation
*
* Returns the end address of the unmapping (restart addr if interrupted).
*
* Unmap all pages in the vma list.
*
* We aim to not hold locks for too long (for scheduling latency reasons).
* So zap pages in ZAP_BLOCK_SIZE bytecounts. This means we need to
* return the ending mmu_gather to the caller.
*
* Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped.
*
* The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order.
*
* unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address
* range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to
* ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas()
* drops the lock and schedules.
*/
unsigned long unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather **tlbp,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr,
unsigned long end_addr, unsigned long *nr_accounted,
struct zap_details *details)
{
long zap_work = ZAP_BLOCK_SIZE;
unsigned long tlb_start = 0; /* For tlb_finish_mmu */
int tlb_start_valid = 0;
unsigned long start = start_addr;
spinlock_t *i_mmap_lock = details? details->i_mmap_lock: NULL;
int fullmm = (*tlbp)->fullmm;
for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) {
unsigned long end;
start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr);
if (start >= vma->vm_end)
continue;
end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr);
if (end <= vma->vm_start)
continue;
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT)
*nr_accounted += (end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
while (start != end) {
if (!tlb_start_valid) {
tlb_start = start;
tlb_start_valid = 1;
}
if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) {
unmap_hugepage_range(vma, start, end);
zap_work -= (end - start) /
(HPAGE_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE);
start = end;
} else
start = unmap_page_range(*tlbp, vma,
start, end, &zap_work, details);
if (zap_work > 0) {
BUG_ON(start != end);
break;
}
tlb_finish_mmu(*tlbp, tlb_start, start);
if (need_resched() ||
(i_mmap_lock && spin_needbreak(i_mmap_lock))) {
if (i_mmap_lock) {
*tlbp = NULL;
goto out;
}
cond_resched();
}
*tlbp = tlb_gather_mmu(vma->vm_mm, fullmm);
tlb_start_valid = 0;
zap_work = ZAP_BLOCK_SIZE;
}
}
out:
return start; /* which is now the end (or restart) address */
}
/**
* zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range
* @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages
* @address: starting address of pages to zap
* @size: number of bytes to zap
* @details: details of nonlinear truncation or shared cache invalidation
*/
unsigned long zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
struct mmu_gather *tlb;
unsigned long end = address + size;
unsigned long nr_accounted = 0;
lru_add_drain();
tlb = tlb_gather_mmu(mm, 0);
update_hiwater_rss(mm);
end = unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, address, end, &nr_accounted, details);
if (tlb)
tlb_finish_mmu(tlb, address, end);
return end;
}
/*
* Do a quick page-table lookup for a single page.
*/
struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
unsigned int flags)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;
pte_t *ptep, pte;
spinlock_t *ptl;
struct page *page;
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
page = follow_huge_addr(mm, address, flags & FOLL_WRITE);
if (!IS_ERR(page)) {
BUG_ON(flags & FOLL_GET);
goto out;
}
page = NULL;
pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd)))
goto no_page_table;
pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud)))
goto no_page_table;
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
if (pmd_none(*pmd))
goto no_page_table;
if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) {
BUG_ON(flags & FOLL_GET);
page = follow_huge_pmd(mm, address, pmd, flags & FOLL_WRITE);
goto out;
}
if (unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd)))
goto no_page_table;
ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, &ptl);
if (!ptep)
goto out;
pte = *ptep;
if (!pte_present(pte))
goto unlock;
if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte))
goto unlock;
page = vm_normal_page(vma, address, pte);
if (unlikely(!page))
goto unlock;
if (flags & FOLL_GET)
get_page(page);
if (flags & FOLL_TOUCH) {
if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) &&
!pte_dirty(pte) && !PageDirty(page))
set_page_dirty(page);
mark_page_accessed(page);
}
unlock:
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
out:
return page;
no_page_table:
/*
* When core dumping an enormous anonymous area that nobody
* has touched so far, we don't want to allocate page tables.
*/
if (flags & FOLL_ANON) {
page = ZERO_PAGE(0);
if (flags & FOLL_GET)
get_page(page);
BUG_ON(flags & FOLL_WRITE);
}
return page;
}
int get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start, int len, int write, int force,
struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas)
{
int i;
unsigned int vm_flags;
if (len <= 0)
return 0;
/*
* Require read or write permissions.
* If 'force' is set, we only require the "MAY" flags.
*/
vm_flags = write ? (VM_WRITE | VM_MAYWRITE) : (VM_READ | VM_MAYREAD);
vm_flags &= force ? (VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE) : (VM_READ | VM_WRITE);
i = 0;
do {
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
unsigned int foll_flags;
vma = find_extend_vma(mm, start);
if (!vma && in_gate_area(tsk, start)) {
unsigned long pg = start & PAGE_MASK;
struct vm_area_struct *gate_vma = get_gate_vma(tsk);
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;
pte_t *pte;
if (write) /* user gate pages are read-only */
return i ? : -EFAULT;
if (pg > TASK_SIZE)
pgd = pgd_offset_k(pg);
else
pgd = pgd_offset_gate(mm, pg);
BUG_ON(pgd_none(*pgd));
pud = pud_offset(pgd, pg);
BUG_ON(pud_none(*pud));
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, pg);
if (pmd_none(*pmd))
return i ? : -EFAULT;
pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, pg);
if (pte_none(*pte)) {
pte_unmap(pte);
return i ? : -EFAULT;
}
if (pages) {
struct page *page = vm_normal_page(gate_vma, start, *pte);
pages[i] = page;
if (page)
get_page(page);
}
pte_unmap(pte);
if (vmas)
vmas[i] = gate_vma;
i++;
start += PAGE_SIZE;
len--;
continue;
}
if (!vma || (vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))
|| !(vm_flags & vma->vm_flags))
return i ? : -EFAULT;
if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) {
i = follow_hugetlb_page(mm, vma, pages, vmas,
&start, &len, i, write);
continue;
}
foll_flags = FOLL_TOUCH;
if (pages)
foll_flags |= FOLL_GET;
if (!write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) &&
(!vma->vm_ops || !vma->vm_ops->fault))
foll_flags |= FOLL_ANON;
do {
struct page *page;
/*
* If tsk is ooming, cut off its access to large memory
* allocations. It has a pending SIGKILL, but it can't
* be processed until returning to user space.
*/
if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_MEMDIE)))
return -ENOMEM;
if (write)
foll_flags |= FOLL_WRITE;
cond_resched();
while (!(page = follow_page(vma, start, foll_flags))) {
int ret;
ret = handle_mm_fault(mm, vma, start,
foll_flags & FOLL_WRITE);
if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) {
if (ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)
return i ? i : -ENOMEM;
else if (ret & VM_FAULT_SIGBUS)
return i ? i : -EFAULT;
BUG();
}
if (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR)
tsk->maj_flt++;
else
tsk->min_flt++;
/*
* The VM_FAULT_WRITE bit tells us that
* do_wp_page has broken COW when necessary,
* even if maybe_mkwrite decided not to set
* pte_write. We can thus safely do subsequent
* page lookups as if they were reads.
*/
if (ret & VM_FAULT_WRITE)
foll_flags &= ~FOLL_WRITE;
cond_resched();
}
if (pages) {
pages[i] = page;
flush_anon_page(vma, page, start);
flush_dcache_page(page);
}
if (vmas)
vmas[i] = vma;
i++;
start += PAGE_SIZE;
len--;
} while (len && start < vma->vm_end);
} while (len);
return i;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages);
pte_t *get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
spinlock_t **ptl)
{
pgd_t * pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
pud_t * pud = pud_alloc(mm, pgd, addr);
if (pud) {
pmd_t * pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr);
if (pmd)
return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl);
}
return NULL;
}
/*
* This is the old fallback for page remapping.
*
* For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only
* old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their
* pages reserved for the old functions anyway.
*/
static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
int retval;
pte_t *pte;
spinlock_t *ptl;
retval = mem_cgroup_charge(page, mm, GFP_KERNEL);
if (retval)
goto out;
retval = -EINVAL;
if (PageAnon(page))
goto out_uncharge;
retval = -ENOMEM;
flush_dcache_page(page);
pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl);
if (!pte)
goto out_uncharge;
retval = -EBUSY;
if (!pte_none(*pte))
goto out_unlock;
/* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */
get_page(page);
inc_mm_counter(mm, file_rss);
page_add_file_rmap(page);
set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot));
retval = 0;
pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
return retval;
out_unlock:
pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
out_uncharge:
mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
out:
return retval;
}
/**
* vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma
* @vma: user vma to map to
* @addr: target user address of this page
* @page: source kernel page
*
* This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated
* into a user vma.
*
* The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation.
* If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as
* such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself
* (see split_page()).
*
* NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which
* took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow
* that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which
* means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better
* ask for a shared writable mapping!
*
* The page does not need to be reserved.
*/
int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
struct page *page)
{
if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end)
return -EFAULT;
if (!page_count(page))
return -EINVAL;
vma->vm_flags |= VM_INSERTPAGE;
return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page);
static int insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
int retval;
pte_t *pte, entry;
spinlock_t *ptl;
retval = -ENOMEM;
pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl);
if (!pte)
goto out;
retval = -EBUSY;
if (!pte_none(*pte))
goto out_unlock;
/* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */
entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot));
set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry);
update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, entry); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */
retval = 0;
out_unlock:
pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
out:
return retval;
}
/**
* vm_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma
* @vma: user vma to map to
* @addr: target user address of this page
* @pfn: source kernel pfn
*
* Similar to vm_inert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages
* they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply.
*
* This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and
* in that case the handler should return NULL.
*/
int vm_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long pfn)
{
/*
* Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these
* restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like
* consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should
* try to keep these invariants in place for everybody.
*/
BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)));
BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) ==
(VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP));
BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags));
BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn));
if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end)
return -EFAULT;
return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pfn);
int vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long pfn)
{
BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP));
if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end)
return -EFAULT;
/*
* If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid()
* based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must*
* refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather
* than insert_pfn).
*/
if (!HAVE_PTE_SPECIAL && pfn_valid(pfn)) {
struct page *page;
page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot);
}
return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_mixed);
/*
* maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old
* mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results
* in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access")
*/
static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
{
pte_t *pte;
spinlock_t *ptl;
pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
if (!pte)
return -ENOMEM;
arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
do {
BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte));
set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot)));
pfn++;
} while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
pte_unmap_unlock(pte - 1, ptl);
return 0;
}
static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
{
pmd_t *pmd;
unsigned long next;
pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr);
if (!pmd)
return -ENOMEM;
do {
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next,
pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot))
return -ENOMEM;
} while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 0;
}
static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
{
pud_t *pud;
unsigned long next;
pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
pud = pud_alloc(mm, pgd, addr);
if (!pud)
return -ENOMEM;
do {
next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
if (remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next,
pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot))
return -ENOMEM;
} while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
return 0;
}
/**
* remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace
* @vma: user vma to map to
* @addr: target user address to start at
* @pfn: physical address of kernel memory
* @size: size of map area
* @prot: page protection flags for this mapping
*
* Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called.
*/
int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
unsigned long next;
unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size);
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
int err;
/*
* Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the
* rest of the world about it:
* VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages
* (accesses can have side effects).
* VM_RESERVED is specified all over the place, because
* in 2.4 it kept swapout's vma scan off this vma; but
* in 2.6 the LRU scan won't even find its pages, so this
* flag means no more than count its pages in reserved_vm,
* and omit it from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off.
* VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just
* raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated
* with them.
*
* There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write
* behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original"
* un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff".
*/
if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) {
if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end)
return -EINVAL;
vma->vm_pgoff = pfn;
}
vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_RESERVED | VM_PFNMAP;
BUG_ON(addr >= end);
pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end);
do {
next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
err = remap_pud_range(mm, pgd, addr, next,
pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot);
if (err)
break;
} while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end);
return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range);
static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
pte_fn_t fn, void *data)
{
pte_t *pte;
int err;
pgtable_t token;
spinlock_t *uninitialized_var(ptl);
pte = (mm == &init_mm) ?
pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, addr) :
pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
if (!pte)
return -ENOMEM;
BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd));
token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd);
do {
err = fn(pte, token, addr, data);
if (err)
break;
} while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
if (mm != &init_mm)
pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl);
return err;
}
static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
pte_fn_t fn, void *data)
{
pmd_t *pmd;
unsigned long next;
int err;
pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr);
if (!pmd)
return -ENOMEM;
do {
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data);
if (err)
break;
} while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);
return err;
}
static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
pte_fn_t fn, void *data)
{
pud_t *pud;
unsigned long next;
int err;
pud = pud_alloc(mm, pgd, addr);
if (!pud)
return -ENOMEM;
do {
next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data);
if (err)
break;
} while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
return err;
}
/*
* Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary
* and calling a provided function on each leaf page table.
*/
int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
unsigned long next;
unsigned long end = addr + size;
int err;
BUG_ON(addr >= end);
pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
do {
next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data);
if (err)
break;
} while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end);
return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range);
/*
* handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry
* which was read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on
* those architectures or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which
* might give a mix of unmatched parts, do_swap_page and do_file_page
* must check under lock before unmapping the pte and proceeding
* (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check;
* and do_anonymous_page and do_no_page can safely check later on).
*/
static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd,
pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte)
{
int same = 1;
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT)
if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) {
spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd);
spin_lock(ptl);
same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte);
spin_unlock(ptl);
}
#endif
pte_unmap(page_table);
return same;
}
/*
* Do pte_mkwrite, but only if the vma says VM_WRITE. We do this when
* servicing faults for write access. In the normal case, do always want
* pte_mkwrite. But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings
* that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm.
*/
static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
pte = pte_mkwrite(pte);
return pte;
}
static inline void cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long va, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
/*
* If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have
* a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by
* just copying from the original user address. If that
* fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it.
*/
if (unlikely(!src)) {
void *kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst, KM_USER0);
void __user *uaddr = (void __user *)(va & PAGE_MASK);
/*
* This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there
* in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable,
* in which case we just give up and fill the result with
* zeroes.
*/
if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE))
memset(kaddr, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
flush_dcache_page(dst);
} else
copy_user_highpage(dst, src, va, vma);
}
/*
* This routine handles present pages, when users try to write
* to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address
* and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page.
*
* Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been
* done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases).
* Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary
* COW.
*
* We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will
* change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races,
* and potentially makes it more efficient.
*
* We enter with non-exclusive mmap_sem (to exclude vma changes,
* but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked.
* We return with mmap_sem still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked.
*/
static int do_wp_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, pte_t *page_table, pmd_t *pmd,
spinlock_t *ptl, pte_t orig_pte)
{
struct page *old_page, *new_page;
pte_t entry;
int reuse = 0, ret = 0;
int page_mkwrite = 0;
struct page *dirty_page = NULL;
old_page = vm_normal_page(vma, address, orig_pte);
if (!old_page)
goto gotten;
/*
* Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are
* not dirty accountable.
*/
if (PageAnon(old_page)) {
if (!TestSetPageLocked(old_page)) {
reuse = can_share_swap_page(old_page);
unlock_page(old_page);
}
} else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) ==
(VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) {
/*
* Only catch write-faults on shared writable pages,
* read-only shared pages can get COWed by
* get_user_pages(.write=1, .force=1).
*/
if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) {
/*
* Notify the address space that the page is about to
* become writable so that it can prohibit this or wait
* for the page to get into an appropriate state.
*
* We do this without the lock held, so that it can
* sleep if it needs to.
*/
page_cache_get(old_page);
pte_unmap_unlock(page_table, ptl);
if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vma, old_page) < 0)
goto unwritable_page;
/*
* Since we dropped the lock we need to revalidate
* the PTE as someone else may have changed it. If
* they did, we just return, as we can count on the
* MMU to tell us if they didn't also make it writable.
*/
page_table = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address,
&ptl);
page_cache_release(old_page);
if (!pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte))
goto unlock;
page_mkwrite = 1;
}
dirty_page = old_page;
get_page(dirty_page);
reuse = 1;
}
if (reuse) {
flush_cache_page(vma, address, pte_pfn(orig_pte));
entry = pte_mkyoung(orig_pte);
entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, address, page_table, entry,1))
update_mmu_cache(vma, address, entry);
ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE;
goto unlock;
}
/*
* Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well..
*/
page_cache_get(old_page);
gotten:
pte_unmap_unlock(page_table, ptl);
if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma)))
goto oom;
VM_BUG_ON(old_page == ZERO_PAGE(0));
new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, address);
if (!new_page)
goto oom;
cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, address, vma);
__SetPageUptodate(new_page);
if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL))
goto oom_free_new;
/*
* Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock
*/
page_table = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, &ptl);
if (likely(pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte))) {
if (old_page) {
page_remove_rmap(old_page, vma);
if (!PageAnon(old_page)) {
dec_mm_counter(mm, file_rss);
inc_mm_counter(mm, anon_rss);
}
} else
inc_mm_counter(mm, anon_rss);
flush_cache_page(vma, address, pte_pfn(orig_pte));
entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot);
entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
/*
* Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the
* pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition
* seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another
* thread doing COW.
*/
ptep_clear_flush(vma, address, page_table);
set_pte_at(mm, address, page_table, entry);
update_mmu_cache(vma, address, entry);
lru_cache_add_active(new_page);
page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, address);
/* Free the old page.. */
new_page = old_page;
ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE;
} else
mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(new_page);
if (new_page)
page_cache_release(new_page);
if (old_page)
page_cache_release(old_page);
unlock:
pte_unmap_unlock(page_table, ptl);
if (dirty_page) {
if (vma->vm_file)
file_update_time(vma->vm_file);
/*
* Yes, Virginia, this is actually required to prevent a race
* with clear_page_dirty_for_io() from clearing the page dirty
* bit after it clear all dirty ptes, but before a racing
* do_wp_page installs a dirty pte.
*
* do_no_page is protected similarly.
*/
wait_on_page_locked(dirty_page);
set_page_dirty_balance(dirty_page, page_mkwrite);
put_page(dirty_page);
}
return ret;
oom_free_new:
page_cache_release(new_page);
oom:
if (old_page)
page_cache_release(old_page);
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
unwritable_page:
page_cache_release(old_page);
return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
}
/*
* Helper functions for unmap_mapping_range().
*
* __ Notes on dropping i_mmap_lock to reduce latency while unmapping __
*
* We have to restart searching the prio_tree whenever we drop the lock,
* since the iterator is only valid while the lock is held, and anyway
* a later vma might be split and reinserted earlier while lock dropped.
*
* The list of nonlinear vmas could be handled more efficiently, using
* a placeholder, but handle it in the same way until a need is shown.
* It is important to search the prio_tree before nonlinear list: a vma
* may become nonlinear and be shifted from prio_tree to nonlinear list
* while the lock is dropped; but never shifted from list to prio_tree.
*
* In order to make forward progress despite restarting the search,
* vm_truncate_count is used to mark a vma as now dealt with, so we can
* quickly skip it next time around. Since the prio_tree search only
* shows us those vmas affected by unmapping the range in question, we
* can't efficiently keep all vmas in step with mapping->truncate_count:
* so instead reset them all whenever it wraps back to 0 (then go to 1).
* mapping->truncate_count and vma->vm_truncate_count are protected by
* i_mmap_lock.
*
* In order to make forward progress despite repeatedly restarting some
* large vma, note the restart_addr from unmap_vmas when it breaks out:
* and restart from that address when we reach that vma again. It might
* have been split or merged, shrunk or extended, but never shifted: so
* restart_addr remains valid so long as it remains in the vma's range.
* unmap_mapping_range forces truncate_count to leap over page-aligned
* values so we can save vma's restart_addr in its truncate_count field.
*/
#define is_restart_addr(truncate_count) (!((truncate_count) & ~PAGE_MASK))
static void reset_vma_truncate_counts(struct address_space *mapping)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
struct prio_tree_iter iter;
vma_prio_tree_foreach(vma, &iter, &mapping->i_mmap, 0, ULONG_MAX)
vma->vm_truncate_count = 0;
list_for_each_entry(vma, &mapping->i_mmap_nonlinear, shared.vm_set.list)
vma->vm_truncate_count = 0;
}
static int unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr,
struct zap_details *details)
{
unsigned long restart_addr;
int need_break;
/*
* files that support invalidating or truncating portions of the
* file from under mmaped areas must have their ->fault function
* return a locked page (and set VM_FAULT_LOCKED in the return).
* This provides synchronisation against concurrent unmapping here.
*/
again:
restart_addr = vma->vm_truncate_count;
if (is_restart_addr(restart_addr) && start_addr < restart_addr) {
start_addr = restart_addr;
if (start_addr >= end_addr) {
/* Top of vma has been split off since last time */
vma->vm_truncate_count = details->truncate_count;
return 0;
}
}
restart_addr = zap_page_range(vma, start_addr,
end_addr - start_addr, details);
need_break = need_resched() || spin_needbreak(details->i_mmap_lock);
if (restart_addr >= end_addr) {
/* We have now completed this vma: mark it so */
vma->vm_truncate_count = details->truncate_count;
if (!need_break)
return 0;
} else {
/* Note restart_addr in vma's truncate_count field */
vma->vm_truncate_count = restart_addr;
if (!need_break)
goto again;
}
spin_unlock(details->i_mmap_lock);
cond_resched();
spin_lock(details->i_mmap_lock);
return -EINTR;
}
static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct prio_tree_root *root,
struct zap_details *details)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
struct prio_tree_iter iter;
pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea;
restart:
vma_prio_tree_foreach(vma, &iter, root,
details->first_index, details->last_index) {
/* Skip quickly over those we have already dealt with */
if (vma->vm_truncate_count == details->truncate_count)
continue;
vba = vma->vm_pgoff;
vea = vba + ((vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) - 1;
/* Assume for now that PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT == PAGE_SHIFT */
zba = details->first_index;
if (zba < vba)
zba = vba;
zea = details->last_index;
if (zea > vea)
zea = vea;
if (unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma,
((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start,
((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start,
details) < 0)
goto restart;
}
}
static inline void unmap_mapping_range_list(struct list_head *head,
struct zap_details *details)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
/*
* In nonlinear VMAs there is no correspondence between virtual address
* offset and file offset. So we must perform an exhaustive search
* across *all* the pages in each nonlinear VMA, not just the pages
* whose virtual address lies outside the file truncation point.
*/
restart:
list_for_each_entry(vma, head, shared.vm_set.list) {
/* Skip quickly over those we have already dealt with */
if (vma->vm_truncate_count == details->truncate_count)
continue;
details->nonlinear_vma = vma;
if (unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, vma->vm_start,
vma->vm_end, details) < 0)
goto restart;
}
}
/**
* unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified address_space corresponding to the specified page range in the underlying file.
* @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped.
* @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of
* the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE
* boundary. Note that this is different from vmtruncate(), which
* must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of
* partial pages.
* @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded
* up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the
* end of the file.
* @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages;
* but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data.
*/
void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows)
{
struct zap_details details;
pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT;
pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
/* Check for overflow. */
if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) {
long long holeend =
(holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX)
hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1;
}
details.check_mapping = even_cows? NULL: mapping;
details.nonlinear_vma = NULL;
details.first_index = hba;
details.last_index = hba + hlen - 1;
if (details.last_index < details.first_index)
details.last_index = ULONG_MAX;
details.i_mmap_lock = &mapping->i_mmap_lock;
spin_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
/* Protect against endless unmapping loops */
mapping->truncate_count++;
if (unlikely(is_restart_addr(mapping->truncate_count))) {
if (mapping->truncate_count == 0)
reset_vma_truncate_counts(mapping);
mapping->truncate_count++;
}
details.truncate_count = mapping->truncate_count;
if (unlikely(!prio_tree_empty(&mapping->i_mmap)))
unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details);
if (unlikely(!list_empty(&mapping->i_mmap_nonlinear)))
unmap_mapping_range_list(&mapping->i_mmap_nonlinear, &details);
spin_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range);
/**
* vmtruncate - unmap mappings "freed" by truncate() syscall
* @inode: inode of the file used
* @offset: file offset to start truncating
*
* NOTE! We have to be ready to update the memory sharing
* between the file and the memory map for a potential last
* incomplete page. Ugly, but necessary.
*/
int vmtruncate(struct inode * inode, loff_t offset)
{
if (inode->i_size < offset) {
unsigned long limit;
limit = current->signal->rlim[RLIMIT_FSIZE].rlim_cur;
if (limit != RLIM_INFINITY && offset > limit)
goto out_sig;
if (offset > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes)
goto out_big;
i_size_write(inode, offset);
} else {
struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
/*
* truncation of in-use swapfiles is disallowed - it would
* cause subsequent swapout to scribble on the now-freed
* blocks.
*/
if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode))
return -ETXTBSY;
i_size_write(inode, offset);
/*
* unmap_mapping_range is called twice, first simply for
* efficiency so that truncate_inode_pages does fewer
* single-page unmaps. However after this first call, and
* before truncate_inode_pages finishes, it is possible for
* private pages to be COWed, which remain after
* truncate_inode_pages finishes, hence the second
* unmap_mapping_range call must be made for correctness.
*/
unmap_mapping_range(mapping, offset + PAGE_SIZE - 1, 0, 1);
truncate_inode_pages(mapping, offset);
unmap_mapping_range(mapping, offset + PAGE_SIZE - 1, 0, 1);
}
if (inode->i_op && inode->i_op->truncate)
inode->i_op->truncate(inode);
return 0;
out_sig:
send_sig(SIGXFSZ, current, 0);
out_big:
return -EFBIG;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmtruncate);
int vmtruncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t end)
{
struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
/*
* If the underlying filesystem is not going to provide
* a way to truncate a range of blocks (punch a hole) -
* we should return failure right now.
*/
if (!inode->i_op || !inode->i_op->truncate_range)
return -ENOSYS;
mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
down_write(&inode->i_alloc_sem);
unmap_mapping_range(mapping, offset, (end - offset), 1);
truncate_inode_pages_range(mapping, offset, end);
unmap_mapping_range(mapping, offset, (end - offset), 1);
inode->i_op->truncate_range(inode, offset, end);
up_write(&inode->i_alloc_sem);
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
return 0;
}
/*
* We enter with non-exclusive mmap_sem (to exclude vma changes,
* but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked.
* We return with mmap_sem still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked.
*/
static int do_swap_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, pte_t *page_table, pmd_t *pmd,
int write_access, pte_t orig_pte)
{
spinlock_t *ptl;
struct page *page;
swp_entry_t entry;
pte_t pte;
int ret = 0;
if (!pte_unmap_same(mm, pmd, page_table, orig_pte))
goto out;
entry = pte_to_swp_entry(orig_pte);
if (is_migration_entry(entry)) {
migration_entry_wait(mm, pmd, address);
goto out;
}
delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN);
page = lookup_swap_cache(entry);
if (!page) {
grab_swap_token(); /* Contend for token _before_ read-in */
page = swapin_readahead(entry,
GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, address);
if (!page) {
/*
* Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte
* while we released the pte lock.
*/
page_table = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, &ptl);
if (likely(pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte)))
ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN);
goto unlock;
}
/* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */
ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR;
count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT);
}
if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) {
delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN);
ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
goto out;
}
mark_page_accessed(page);
lock_page(page);
delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN);
/*
* Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte.
*/
page_table = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, &ptl);
if (unlikely(!pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte)))
goto out_nomap;
if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) {
ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
goto out_nomap;
}
/* The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. */
inc_mm_counter(mm, anon_rss);
pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot);
if (write_access && can_share_swap_page(page)) {
pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma);
write_access = 0;
}
flush_icache_page(vma, page);
set_pte_at(mm, address, page_table, pte);
page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, address);
swap_free(entry);
if (vm_swap_full())
remove_exclusive_swap_page(page);
unlock_page(page);
if (write_access) {
ret |= do_wp_page(mm, vma, address, page_table, pmd, ptl, pte);
if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR)
ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR;
goto out;
}
/* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */
update_mmu_cache(vma, address, pte);
unlock:
pte_unmap_unlock(page_table, ptl);
out:
return ret;
out_nomap:
mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
pte_unmap_unlock(page_table, ptl);
unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
return ret;
}
/*
* We enter with non-exclusive mmap_sem (to exclude vma changes,
* but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked.
* We return with mmap_sem still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked.
*/
static int do_anonymous_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, pte_t *page_table, pmd_t *pmd,
int write_access)
{
struct page *page;
spinlock_t *ptl;
pte_t entry;
/* Allocate our own private page. */
pte_unmap(page_table);
if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma)))
goto oom;
page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, address);
if (!page)
goto oom;
__SetPageUptodate(page);
if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, mm, GFP_KERNEL))
goto oom_free_page;
entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot);
entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
page_table = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, &ptl);
if (!pte_none(*page_table))
goto release;
inc_mm_counter(mm, anon_rss);
lru_cache_add_active(page);
page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, address);
set_pte_at(mm, address, page_table, entry);
/* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */
update_mmu_cache(vma, address, entry);
unlock:
pte_unmap_unlock(page_table, ptl);
return 0;
release:
mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
goto unlock;
oom_free_page:
page_cache_release(page);
oom:
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
}
/*
* __do_fault() tries to create a new page mapping. It aggressively
* tries to share with existing pages, but makes a separate copy if
* the FAULT_FLAG_WRITE is set in the flags parameter in order to avoid
* the next page fault.
*
* As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we
* do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB.
*
* We enter with non-exclusive mmap_sem (to exclude vma changes,
* but allow concurrent faults), and pte neither mapped nor locked.
* We return with mmap_sem still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked.
*/
static int __do_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmd,
pgoff_t pgoff, unsigned int flags, pte_t orig_pte)
{
pte_t *page_table;
spinlock_t *ptl;
struct page *page;
pte_t entry;
int anon = 0;
struct page *dirty_page = NULL;
struct vm_fault vmf;
int ret;
int page_mkwrite = 0;
vmf.virtual_address = (void __user *)(address & PAGE_MASK);
vmf.pgoff = pgoff;
vmf.flags = flags;
vmf.page = NULL;
ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vma, &vmf);
if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))
return ret;
/*
* For consistency in subsequent calls, make the faulted page always
* locked.
*/
if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED)))
lock_page(vmf.page);
else
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(vmf.page));
/*
* Should we do an early C-O-W break?
*/
page = vmf.page;
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) {
if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) {
anon = 1;
if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) {
ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
goto out;
}
page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE,
vma, address);
if (!page) {
ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
goto out;
}
copy_user_highpage(page, vmf.page, address, vma);
__SetPageUptodate(page);
} else {
/*
* If the page will be shareable, see if the backing
* address space wants to know that the page is about
* to become writable
*/
if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) {
unlock_page(page);
if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vma, page) < 0) {
ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
anon = 1; /* no anon but release vmf.page */
goto out_unlocked;
}
lock_page(page);
/*
* XXX: this is not quite right (racy vs
* invalidate) to unlock and relock the page
* like this, however a better fix requires
* reworking page_mkwrite locking API, which
* is better done later.
*/
if (!page->mapping) {
ret = 0;
anon = 1; /* no anon but release vmf.page */
goto out;
}
page_mkwrite = 1;
}
}
}
if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) {
ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
goto out;
}
page_table = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, &ptl);
/*
* This silly early PAGE_DIRTY setting removes a race
* due to the bad i386 page protection. But it's valid
* for other architectures too.
*
* Note that if write_access is true, we either now have
* an exclusive copy of the page, or this is a shared mapping,
* so we can make it writable and dirty to avoid having to
* handle that later.
*/
/* Only go through if we didn't race with anybody else... */
if (likely(pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte))) {
flush_icache_page(vma, page);
entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot);
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)
entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
set_pte_at(mm, address, page_table, entry);
if (anon) {
inc_mm_counter(mm, anon_rss);
lru_cache_add_active(page);
page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, address);
} else {
inc_mm_counter(mm, file_rss);
page_add_file_rmap(page);
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) {
dirty_page = page;
get_page(dirty_page);
}
}
/* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */
update_mmu_cache(vma, address, entry);
} else {
mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
if (anon)
page_cache_release(page);
else
anon = 1; /* no anon but release faulted_page */
}
pte_unmap_unlock(page_table, ptl);
out:
unlock_page(vmf.page);
out_unlocked:
if (anon)
page_cache_release(vmf.page);
else if (dirty_page) {
if (vma->vm_file)
file_update_time(vma->vm_file);
set_page_dirty_balance(dirty_page, page_mkwrite);
put_page(dirty_page);
}
return ret;
}
static int do_linear_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, pte_t *page_table, pmd_t *pmd,
int write_access, pte_t orig_pte)
{
pgoff_t pgoff = (((address & PAGE_MASK)
- vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_pgoff;
unsigned int flags = (write_access ? FAULT_FLAG_WRITE : 0);
pte_unmap(page_table);
return __do_fault(mm, vma, address, pmd, pgoff, flags, orig_pte);
}
/*
* do_no_pfn() tries to create a new page mapping for a page without
* a struct_page backing it
*
* As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we
* do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB.
*
* We enter with non-exclusive mmap_sem (to exclude vma changes,
* but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked.
* We return with mmap_sem still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked.
*
* It is expected that the ->nopfn handler always returns the same pfn
* for a given virtual mapping.
*
* Mark this `noinline' to prevent it from bloating the main pagefault code.
*/
static noinline int do_no_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, pte_t *page_table, pmd_t *pmd,
int write_access)
{
spinlock_t *ptl;
pte_t entry;
unsigned long pfn;
pte_unmap(page_table);
BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)));
BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags));
pfn = vma->vm_ops->nopfn(vma, address & PAGE_MASK);
BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn));
if (unlikely(pfn == NOPFN_OOM))
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
else if (unlikely(pfn == NOPFN_SIGBUS))
return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
else if (unlikely(pfn == NOPFN_REFAULT))
return 0;
page_table = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, &ptl);
/* Only go through if we didn't race with anybody else... */
if (pte_none(*page_table)) {
entry = pfn_pte(pfn, vma->vm_page_prot);
if (write_access)
entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
set_pte_at(mm, address, page_table, entry);
}
pte_unmap_unlock(page_table, ptl);
return 0;
}
/*
* Fault of a previously existing named mapping. Repopulate the pte
* from the encoded file_pte if possible. This enables swappable
* nonlinear vmas.
*
* We enter with non-exclusive mmap_sem (to exclude vma changes,
* but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked.
* We return with mmap_sem still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked.
*/
static int do_nonlinear_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, pte_t *page_table, pmd_t *pmd,
int write_access, pte_t orig_pte)
{
unsigned int flags = FAULT_FLAG_NONLINEAR |
(write_access ? FAULT_FLAG_WRITE : 0);
pgoff_t pgoff;
if (!pte_unmap_same(mm, pmd, page_table, orig_pte))
return 0;
if (unlikely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_NONLINEAR) ||
!(vma->vm_flags & VM_CAN_NONLINEAR))) {
/*
* Page table corrupted: show pte and kill process.
*/
print_bad_pte(vma, orig_pte, address);
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
}
pgoff = pte_to_pgoff(orig_pte);
return __do_fault(mm, vma, address, pmd, pgoff, flags, orig_pte);
}
/*
* These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty
* and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most
* RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386.
*
* There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures
* with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or
* PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs).
*
* We enter with non-exclusive mmap_sem (to exclude vma changes,
* but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked.
* We return with mmap_sem still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked.
*/
static inline int handle_pte_fault(struct mm_struct *mm,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
pte_t *pte, pmd_t *pmd, int write_access)
{
pte_t entry;
spinlock_t *ptl;
entry = *pte;
if (!pte_present(entry)) {
if (pte_none(entry)) {
if (vma->vm_ops) {
if (likely(vma->vm_ops->fault))
return do_linear_fault(mm, vma, address,
pte, pmd, write_access, entry);
if (unlikely(vma->vm_ops->nopfn))
return do_no_pfn(mm, vma, address, pte,
pmd, write_access);
}
return do_anonymous_page(mm, vma, address,
pte, pmd, write_access);
}
if (pte_file(entry))
return do_nonlinear_fault(mm, vma, address,
pte, pmd, write_access, entry);
return do_swap_page(mm, vma, address,
pte, pmd, write_access, entry);
}
ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd);
spin_lock(ptl);
if (unlikely(!pte_same(*pte, entry)))
goto unlock;
if (write_access) {
if (!pte_write(entry))
return do_wp_page(mm, vma, address,
pte, pmd, ptl, entry);
entry = pte_mkdirty(entry);
}
entry = pte_mkyoung(entry);
if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, address, pte, entry, write_access)) {
update_mmu_cache(vma, address, entry);
} else {
/*
* This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code
* is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not.
* This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults
* with threads.
*/
if (write_access)
flush_tlb_page(vma, address);
}
unlock:
pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
return 0;
}
/*
* By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore
*/
int handle_mm_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, int write_access)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;
pte_t *pte;
__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
count_vm_event(PGFAULT);
if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)))
return hugetlb_fault(mm, vma, address, write_access);
pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
pud = pud_alloc(mm, pgd, address);
if (!pud)
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address);
if (!pmd)
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
pte = pte_alloc_map(mm, pmd, address);
if (!pte)
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
return handle_pte_fault(mm, vma, address, pte, pmd, write_access);
}
#ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED
/*
* Allocate page upper directory.
* We've already handled the fast-path in-line.
*/
int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address)
{
pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address);
if (!new)
return -ENOMEM;
smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */
spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */
pud_free(mm, new);
else
pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new);
spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
return 0;
}
#endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */
#ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED
/*
* Allocate page middle directory.
* We've already handled the fast-path in-line.
*/
int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address)
{
pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address);
if (!new)
return -ENOMEM;
smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */
spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
#ifndef __ARCH_HAS_4LEVEL_HACK
if (pud_present(*pud)) /* Another has populated it */
pmd_free(mm, new);
else
pud_populate(mm, pud, new);
#else
if (pgd_present(*pud)) /* Another has populated it */
pmd_free(mm, new);
else
pgd_populate(mm, pud, new);
#endif /* __ARCH_HAS_4LEVEL_HACK */
spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
return 0;
}
#endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */
int make_pages_present(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
{
int ret, len, write;
struct vm_area_struct * vma;
vma = find_vma(current->mm, addr);
if (!vma)
return -1;
write = (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) != 0;
BUG_ON(addr >= end);
BUG_ON(end > vma->vm_end);
len = DIV_ROUND_UP(end, PAGE_SIZE) - addr/PAGE_SIZE;
ret = get_user_pages(current, current->mm, addr,
len, write, 0, NULL, NULL);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
return ret == len ? 0 : -1;
}
#if !defined(__HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA)
#if defined(AT_SYSINFO_EHDR)
static struct vm_area_struct gate_vma;
static int __init gate_vma_init(void)
{
gate_vma.vm_mm = NULL;
gate_vma.vm_start = FIXADDR_USER_START;
gate_vma.vm_end = FIXADDR_USER_END;
gate_vma.vm_flags = VM_READ | VM_MAYREAD | VM_EXEC | VM_MAYEXEC;
gate_vma.vm_page_prot = __P101;
/*
* Make sure the vDSO gets into every core dump.
* Dumping its contents makes post-mortem fully interpretable later
* without matching up the same kernel and hardware config to see
* what PC values meant.
*/
gate_vma.vm_flags |= VM_ALWAYSDUMP;
return 0;
}
__initcall(gate_vma_init);
#endif
struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
#ifdef AT_SYSINFO_EHDR
return &gate_vma;
#else
return NULL;
#endif
}
int in_gate_area_no_task(unsigned long addr)
{
#ifdef AT_SYSINFO_EHDR
if ((addr >= FIXADDR_USER_START) && (addr < FIXADDR_USER_END))
return 1;
#endif
return 0;
}
#endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA */
/*
* Access another process' address space.
* Source/target buffer must be kernel space,
* Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages
*/
int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write)
{
struct mm_struct *mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
struct page *page;
void *old_buf = buf;
mm = get_task_mm(tsk);
if (!mm)
return 0;
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
/* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */
while (len) {
int bytes, ret, offset;
void *maddr;
ret = get_user_pages(tsk, mm, addr, 1,
write, 1, &page, &vma);
if (ret <= 0)
break;
bytes = len;
offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1);
if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset)
bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset;
maddr = kmap(page);
if (write) {
copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr,
maddr + offset, buf, bytes);
set_page_dirty_lock(page);
} else {
copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr,
buf, maddr + offset, bytes);
}
kunmap(page);
page_cache_release(page);
len -= bytes;
buf += bytes;
addr += bytes;
}
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
mmput(mm);
return buf - old_buf;
}
/*
* Print the name of a VMA.
*/
void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long