blob: a715e06ab4a768dd2982e99fbe73c9645647fca4 [file] [log] [blame]
kmod, the new module loader (replaces kerneld)
Kirk Petersen
Reorganized not to be a daemon by Adam Richter, with guidance
from Greg Zornetzer.
Modified to avoid chroot and file sharing problems.
Mikael Pettersson
Limit the concurrent number of kmod modprobes to catch loops from
"modprobe needs a service that is in a module".
Keith Owens <> December 1999
Unblock all signals when we exec a usermode process.
Shuu Yamaguchi <> December 2000
call_usermodehelper wait flag, and remove exec_usermodehelper.
Rusty Russell <> Jan 2003
#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/namespace.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
extern int max_threads, system_running;
modprobe_path is set via /proc/sys.
char modprobe_path[256] = "/sbin/modprobe";
* request_module - try to load a kernel module
* @module_name: Name of module
* Load a module using the user mode module loader. The function returns
* zero on success or a negative errno code on failure. Note that a
* successful module load does not mean the module did not then unload
* and exit on an error of its own. Callers must check that the service
* they requested is now available not blindly invoke it.
* If module auto-loading support is disabled then this function
* becomes a no-operation.
int request_module(const char *module_name)
unsigned int max_modprobes;
int ret;
char *argv[] = { modprobe_path, "--", (char*)module_name, NULL };
static char *envp[] = { "HOME=/",
static atomic_t kmod_concurrent = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
#define MAX_KMOD_CONCURRENT 50 /* Completely arbitrary value - KAO */
static int kmod_loop_msg;
/* If modprobe needs a service that is in a module, we get a recursive
* loop. Limit the number of running kmod threads to max_threads/2 or
* MAX_KMOD_CONCURRENT, whichever is the smaller. A cleaner method
* would be to run the parents of this process, counting how many times
* kmod was invoked. That would mean accessing the internals of the
* process tables to get the command line, proc_pid_cmdline is static
* and it is not worth changing the proc code just to handle this case.
* KAO.
* "trace the ppid" is simple, but will fail if someone's
* parent exits. I think this is as good as it gets. --RR
max_modprobes = min(max_threads/2, MAX_KMOD_CONCURRENT);
if (atomic_read(&kmod_concurrent) > max_modprobes) {
/* We may be blaming an innocent here, but unlikely */
if (kmod_loop_msg++ < 5)
"request_module: runaway loop modprobe %s\n",
return -ENOMEM;
ret = call_usermodehelper(modprobe_path, argv, envp, 1);
if (ret != 0) {
static unsigned long last;
unsigned long now = jiffies;
if (now - last > HZ) {
last = now;
"request_module: failed %s -- %s. error = %d\n",
modprobe_path, module_name, ret);
return ret;
#endif /* CONFIG_KMOD */
hotplug path is set via /proc/sys
invoked by hotplug-aware bus drivers,
with call_usermodehelper
argv [0] = hotplug_path;
argv [1] = "usb", "scsi", "pci", "network", etc;
... plus optional type-specific parameters
argv [n] = 0;
envp [*] = HOME, PATH; optional type-specific parameters
a hotplug bus should invoke this for device add/remove
events. the command is expected to load drivers when
necessary, and may perform additional system setup.
char hotplug_path[256] = "/sbin/hotplug";
#endif /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG */
struct subprocess_info {
struct completion *complete;
char *path;
char **argv;
char **envp;
int wait;
int retval;
* This is the task which runs the usermode application
static int ____call_usermodehelper(void *data)
struct subprocess_info *sub_info = data;
int retval;
retval = -EPERM;
if (current->fs->root)
retval = execve(sub_info->path, sub_info->argv,sub_info->envp);
/* Exec failed? */
sub_info->retval = retval;
/* Keventd can't block, but this (a child) can. */
static int wait_for_helper(void *data)
struct subprocess_info *sub_info = data;
pid_t pid;
pid = kernel_thread(____call_usermodehelper, sub_info,
if (pid < 0)
sub_info->retval = pid;
sys_wait4(pid, (unsigned int *)&sub_info->retval, 0, NULL);
return 0;
* This is run by keventd.
static void __call_usermodehelper(void *data)
struct subprocess_info *sub_info = data;
pid_t pid;
/* CLONE_VFORK: wait until the usermode helper has execve'd
* successfully We need the data structures to stay around
* until that is done. */
if (sub_info->wait)
pid = kernel_thread(wait_for_helper, sub_info,
pid = kernel_thread(____call_usermodehelper, sub_info,
if (pid < 0) {
sub_info->retval = pid;
} else if (!sub_info->wait)
* call_usermodehelper - start a usermode application
* @path: pathname for the application
* @argv: null-terminated argument list
* @envp: null-terminated environment list
* @wait: wait for the application to finish and return status.
* Runs a user-space application. The application is started
* asynchronously if wait is not set, and runs as a child of keventd.
* (ie. it runs with full root capabilities).
* Must be called from process context. Returns a negative error code
* if program was not execed successfully, or (exitcode << 8 + signal)
* of the application (0 if wait is not set).
int call_usermodehelper(char *path, char **argv, char **envp, int wait)
struct subprocess_info sub_info = {
.complete = &done,
.path = path,
.argv = argv,
.envp = envp,
.wait = wait,
.retval = 0,
DECLARE_WORK(work, __call_usermodehelper, &sub_info);
if (!system_running)
return -EBUSY;
if (path[0] == '\0')
goto out;
if (current_is_keventd()) {
/* We can't wait on keventd! */
} else {
return sub_info.retval;
* This is for the serialisation of device probe() functions
* against device open() functions
static DECLARE_MUTEX(dev_probe_sem);
void dev_probe_lock(void)
void dev_probe_unlock(void)