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/*
* include/linux/hrtimer.h
*
* hrtimers - High-resolution kernel timers
*
* Copyright(C) 2005, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* Copyright(C) 2005, Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar
*
* data type definitions, declarations, prototypes
*
* Started by: Thomas Gleixner and Ingo Molnar
*
* For licencing details see kernel-base/COPYING
*/
#ifndef _LINUX_HRTIMER_H
#define _LINUX_HRTIMER_H
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/ktime.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
struct hrtimer_clock_base;
struct hrtimer_cpu_base;
/*
* Mode arguments of xxx_hrtimer functions:
*/
enum hrtimer_mode {
HRTIMER_MODE_ABS = 0x0, /* Time value is absolute */
HRTIMER_MODE_REL = 0x1, /* Time value is relative to now */
HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED = 0x02, /* Timer is bound to CPU */
HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED = 0x02,
HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED = 0x03,
};
/*
* Return values for the callback function
*/
enum hrtimer_restart {
HRTIMER_NORESTART, /* Timer is not restarted */
HRTIMER_RESTART, /* Timer must be restarted */
};
/*
* Values to track state of the timer
*
* Possible states:
*
* 0x00 inactive
* 0x01 enqueued into rbtree
* 0x02 callback function running
*
* Special cases:
* 0x03 callback function running and enqueued
* (was requeued on another CPU)
* 0x09 timer was migrated on CPU hotunplug
* The "callback function running and enqueued" status is only possible on
* SMP. It happens for example when a posix timer expired and the callback
* queued a signal. Between dropping the lock which protects the posix timer
* and reacquiring the base lock of the hrtimer, another CPU can deliver the
* signal and rearm the timer. We have to preserve the callback running state,
* as otherwise the timer could be removed before the softirq code finishes the
* the handling of the timer.
*
* The HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED bit is always or'ed to the current state to
* preserve the HRTIMER_STATE_CALLBACK bit in the above scenario.
*
* All state transitions are protected by cpu_base->lock.
*/
#define HRTIMER_STATE_INACTIVE 0x00
#define HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED 0x01
#define HRTIMER_STATE_CALLBACK 0x02
#define HRTIMER_STATE_MIGRATE 0x04
/**
* struct hrtimer - the basic hrtimer structure
* @node: red black tree node for time ordered insertion
* @_expires: the absolute expiry time in the hrtimers internal
* representation. The time is related to the clock on
* which the timer is based. Is setup by adding
* slack to the _softexpires value. For non range timers
* identical to _softexpires.
* @_softexpires: the absolute earliest expiry time of the hrtimer.
* The time which was given as expiry time when the timer
* was armed.
* @function: timer expiry callback function
* @base: pointer to the timer base (per cpu and per clock)
* @state: state information (See bit values above)
* @cb_entry: list head to enqueue an expired timer into the callback list
* @start_site: timer statistics field to store the site where the timer
* was started
* @start_comm: timer statistics field to store the name of the process which
* started the timer
* @start_pid: timer statistics field to store the pid of the task which
* started the timer
*
* The hrtimer structure must be initialized by hrtimer_init()
*/
struct hrtimer {
struct rb_node node;
ktime_t _expires;
ktime_t _softexpires;
enum hrtimer_restart (*function)(struct hrtimer *);
struct hrtimer_clock_base *base;
unsigned long state;
struct list_head cb_entry;
#ifdef CONFIG_TIMER_STATS
int start_pid;
void *start_site;
char start_comm[16];
#endif
};
/**
* struct hrtimer_sleeper - simple sleeper structure
* @timer: embedded timer structure
* @task: task to wake up
*
* task is set to NULL, when the timer expires.
*/
struct hrtimer_sleeper {
struct hrtimer timer;
struct task_struct *task;
};
/**
* struct hrtimer_clock_base - the timer base for a specific clock
* @cpu_base: per cpu clock base
* @index: clock type index for per_cpu support when moving a
* timer to a base on another cpu.
* @active: red black tree root node for the active timers
* @first: pointer to the timer node which expires first
* @resolution: the resolution of the clock, in nanoseconds
* @get_time: function to retrieve the current time of the clock
* @softirq_time: the time when running the hrtimer queue in the softirq
* @offset: offset of this clock to the monotonic base
*/
struct hrtimer_clock_base {
struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base;
clockid_t index;
struct rb_root active;
struct rb_node *first;
ktime_t resolution;
ktime_t (*get_time)(void);
ktime_t softirq_time;
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS
ktime_t offset;
#endif
};
#define HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES 2
/*
* struct hrtimer_cpu_base - the per cpu clock bases
* @lock: lock protecting the base and associated clock bases
* and timers
* @clock_base: array of clock bases for this cpu
* @curr_timer: the timer which is executing a callback right now
* @expires_next: absolute time of the next event which was scheduled
* via clock_set_next_event()
* @hres_active: State of high resolution mode
* @check_clocks: Indictator, when set evaluate time source and clock
* event devices whether high resolution mode can be
* activated.
* @nr_events: Total number of timer interrupt events
*/
struct hrtimer_cpu_base {
spinlock_t lock;
struct hrtimer_clock_base clock_base[HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES];
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS
ktime_t expires_next;
int hres_active;
unsigned long nr_events;
#endif
};
static inline void hrtimer_set_expires(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time)
{
timer->_expires = time;
timer->_softexpires = time;
}
static inline void hrtimer_set_expires_range(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time, ktime_t delta)
{
timer->_softexpires = time;
timer->_expires = ktime_add_safe(time, delta);
}
static inline void hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time, unsigned long delta)
{
timer->_softexpires = time;
timer->_expires = ktime_add_safe(time, ns_to_ktime(delta));
}
static inline void hrtimer_set_expires_tv64(struct hrtimer *timer, s64 tv64)
{
timer->_expires.tv64 = tv64;
timer->_softexpires.tv64 = tv64;
}
static inline void hrtimer_add_expires(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time)
{
timer->_expires = ktime_add_safe(timer->_expires, time);
timer->_softexpires = ktime_add_safe(timer->_softexpires, time);
}
static inline void hrtimer_add_expires_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, u64 ns)
{
timer->_expires = ktime_add_ns(timer->_expires, ns);
timer->_softexpires = ktime_add_ns(timer->_softexpires, ns);
}
static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_expires(const struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return timer->_expires;
}
static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_softexpires(const struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return timer->_softexpires;
}
static inline s64 hrtimer_get_expires_tv64(const struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return timer->_expires.tv64;
}
static inline s64 hrtimer_get_softexpires_tv64(const struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return timer->_softexpires.tv64;
}
static inline s64 hrtimer_get_expires_ns(const struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return ktime_to_ns(timer->_expires);
}
static inline ktime_t hrtimer_expires_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return ktime_sub(timer->_expires, timer->base->get_time());
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS
struct clock_event_device;
extern void clock_was_set(void);
extern void hres_timers_resume(void);
extern void hrtimer_interrupt(struct clock_event_device *dev);
/*
* In high resolution mode the time reference must be read accurate
*/
static inline ktime_t hrtimer_cb_get_time(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return timer->base->get_time();
}
static inline int hrtimer_is_hres_active(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return timer->base->cpu_base->hres_active;
}
extern void hrtimer_peek_ahead_timers(void);
/*
* The resolution of the clocks. The resolution value is returned in
* the clock_getres() system call to give application programmers an
* idea of the (in)accuracy of timers. Timer values are rounded up to
* this resolution values.
*/
# define HIGH_RES_NSEC 1
# define KTIME_HIGH_RES (ktime_t) { .tv64 = HIGH_RES_NSEC }
# define MONOTONIC_RES_NSEC HIGH_RES_NSEC
# define KTIME_MONOTONIC_RES KTIME_HIGH_RES
#else
# define MONOTONIC_RES_NSEC LOW_RES_NSEC
# define KTIME_MONOTONIC_RES KTIME_LOW_RES
/*
* clock_was_set() is a NOP for non- high-resolution systems. The
* time-sorted order guarantees that a timer does not expire early and
* is expired in the next softirq when the clock was advanced.
*/
static inline void clock_was_set(void) { }
static inline void hrtimer_peek_ahead_timers(void) { }
static inline void hres_timers_resume(void) { }
/*
* In non high resolution mode the time reference is taken from
* the base softirq time variable.
*/
static inline ktime_t hrtimer_cb_get_time(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return timer->base->softirq_time;
}
static inline int hrtimer_is_hres_active(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
extern ktime_t ktime_get(void);
extern ktime_t ktime_get_real(void);
DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct tick_device, tick_cpu_device);
/* Exported timer functions: */
/* Initialize timers: */
extern void hrtimer_init(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t which_clock,
enum hrtimer_mode mode);
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_TIMERS
extern void hrtimer_init_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t which_clock,
enum hrtimer_mode mode);
extern void destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer);
#else
static inline void hrtimer_init_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer,
clockid_t which_clock,
enum hrtimer_mode mode)
{
hrtimer_init(timer, which_clock, mode);
}
static inline void destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer) { }
#endif
/* Basic timer operations: */
extern int hrtimer_start(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim,
const enum hrtimer_mode mode);
extern int hrtimer_start_range_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim,
unsigned long range_ns, const enum hrtimer_mode mode);
extern int
__hrtimer_start_range_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim,
unsigned long delta_ns,
const enum hrtimer_mode mode, int wakeup);
extern int hrtimer_cancel(struct hrtimer *timer);
extern int hrtimer_try_to_cancel(struct hrtimer *timer);
static inline int hrtimer_start_expires(struct hrtimer *timer,
enum hrtimer_mode mode)
{
unsigned long delta;
ktime_t soft, hard;
soft = hrtimer_get_softexpires(timer);
hard = hrtimer_get_expires(timer);
delta = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(hard, soft));
return hrtimer_start_range_ns(timer, soft, delta, mode);
}
static inline int hrtimer_restart(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return hrtimer_start_expires(timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
}
/* Query timers: */
extern ktime_t hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer);
extern int hrtimer_get_res(const clockid_t which_clock, struct timespec *tp);
extern ktime_t hrtimer_get_next_event(void);
/*
* A timer is active, when it is enqueued into the rbtree or the callback
* function is running.
*/
static inline int hrtimer_active(const struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return timer->state != HRTIMER_STATE_INACTIVE;
}
/*
* Helper function to check, whether the timer is on one of the queues
*/
static inline int hrtimer_is_queued(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return timer->state & HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED;
}
/*
* Helper function to check, whether the timer is running the callback
* function
*/
static inline int hrtimer_callback_running(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
return timer->state & HRTIMER_STATE_CALLBACK;
}
/* Forward a hrtimer so it expires after now: */
extern u64
hrtimer_forward(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t now, ktime_t interval);
/* Forward a hrtimer so it expires after the hrtimer's current now */
static inline u64 hrtimer_forward_now(struct hrtimer *timer,
ktime_t interval)
{
return hrtimer_forward(timer, timer->base->get_time(), interval);
}
/* Precise sleep: */
extern long hrtimer_nanosleep(struct timespec *rqtp,
struct timespec __user *rmtp,
const enum hrtimer_mode mode,
const clockid_t clockid);
extern long hrtimer_nanosleep_restart(struct restart_block *restart_block);
extern void hrtimer_init_sleeper(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl,
struct task_struct *tsk);
extern int schedule_hrtimeout_range(ktime_t *expires, unsigned long delta,
const enum hrtimer_mode mode);
extern int schedule_hrtimeout(ktime_t *expires, const enum hrtimer_mode mode);
/* Soft interrupt function to run the hrtimer queues: */
extern void hrtimer_run_queues(void);
extern void hrtimer_run_pending(void);
/* Bootup initialization: */
extern void __init hrtimers_init(void);
#if BITS_PER_LONG < 64
extern u64 ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div);
#else /* BITS_PER_LONG < 64 */
# define ktime_divns(kt, div) (u64)((kt).tv64 / (div))
#endif
/* Show pending timers: */
extern void sysrq_timer_list_show(void);
/*
* Timer-statistics info:
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_TIMER_STATS
extern void timer_stats_update_stats(void *timer, pid_t pid, void *startf,
void *timerf, char *comm,
unsigned int timer_flag);
static inline void timer_stats_account_hrtimer(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
if (likely(!timer_stats_active))
return;
timer_stats_update_stats(timer, timer->start_pid, timer->start_site,
timer->function, timer->start_comm, 0);
}
extern void __timer_stats_hrtimer_set_start_info(struct hrtimer *timer,
void *addr);
static inline void timer_stats_hrtimer_set_start_info(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
__timer_stats_hrtimer_set_start_info(timer, __builtin_return_address(0));
}
static inline void timer_stats_hrtimer_clear_start_info(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
timer->start_site = NULL;
}
#else
static inline void timer_stats_account_hrtimer(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
}
static inline void timer_stats_hrtimer_set_start_info(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
}
static inline void timer_stats_hrtimer_clear_start_info(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
}
#endif
#endif