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/* SCTP kernel reference Implementation
* Copyright (c) 1999-2000 Cisco, Inc.
* Copyright (c) 1999-2001 Motorola, Inc.
* Copyright (c) 2001-2003 International Business Machines Corp.
* Copyright (c) 2001 Intel Corp.
* Copyright (c) 2001 La Monte H.P. Yarroll
*
* This file is part of the SCTP kernel reference Implementation
*
* This module provides the abstraction for an SCTP tranport representing
* a remote transport address. For local transport addresses, we just use
* union sctp_addr.
*
* The SCTP reference implementation is free software;
* you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
* the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
* any later version.
*
* The SCTP reference implementation is distributed in the hope that it
* will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied
* ************************
* warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
* See the GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with GNU CC; see the file COPYING. If not, write to
* the Free Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
* Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
*
* Please send any bug reports or fixes you make to the
* email address(es):
* lksctp developers <lksctp-developers@lists.sourceforge.net>
*
* Or submit a bug report through the following website:
* http://www.sf.net/projects/lksctp
*
* Written or modified by:
* La Monte H.P. Yarroll <piggy@acm.org>
* Karl Knutson <karl@athena.chicago.il.us>
* Jon Grimm <jgrimm@us.ibm.com>
* Xingang Guo <xingang.guo@intel.com>
* Hui Huang <hui.huang@nokia.com>
* Sridhar Samudrala <sri@us.ibm.com>
* Ardelle Fan <ardelle.fan@intel.com>
*
* Any bugs reported given to us we will try to fix... any fixes shared will
* be incorporated into the next SCTP release.
*/
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <net/sctp/sctp.h>
#include <net/sctp/sm.h>
/* 1st Level Abstractions. */
/* Allocate and initialize a new transport. */
struct sctp_transport *sctp_transport_new(const union sctp_addr *addr, int gfp)
{
struct sctp_transport *transport;
transport = t_new(struct sctp_transport, gfp);
if (!transport)
goto fail;
if (!sctp_transport_init(transport, addr, gfp))
goto fail_init;
transport->malloced = 1;
SCTP_DBG_OBJCNT_INC(transport);
return transport;
fail_init:
kfree(transport);
fail:
return NULL;
}
/* Initialize a new transport from provided memory. */
struct sctp_transport *sctp_transport_init(struct sctp_transport *peer,
const union sctp_addr *addr,
int gfp)
{
/* Copy in the address. */
peer->ipaddr = *addr;
peer->af_specific = sctp_get_af_specific(addr->sa.sa_family);
peer->asoc = NULL;
peer->dst = NULL;
memset(&peer->saddr, 0, sizeof(union sctp_addr));
/* From 6.3.1 RTO Calculation:
*
* C1) Until an RTT measurement has been made for a packet sent to the
* given destination transport address, set RTO to the protocol
* parameter 'RTO.Initial'.
*/
peer->rtt = 0;
peer->rto = sctp_rto_initial;
peer->rttvar = 0;
peer->srtt = 0;
peer->rto_pending = 0;
peer->last_time_heard = jiffies;
peer->last_time_used = jiffies;
peer->last_time_ecne_reduced = jiffies;
peer->active = SCTP_ACTIVE;
peer->hb_allowed = 0;
/* Initialize the default path max_retrans. */
peer->max_retrans = sctp_max_retrans_path;
peer->error_threshold = 0;
peer->error_count = 0;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&peer->transmitted);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&peer->send_ready);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&peer->transports);
/* Set up the retransmission timer. */
init_timer(&peer->T3_rtx_timer);
peer->T3_rtx_timer.function = sctp_generate_t3_rtx_event;
peer->T3_rtx_timer.data = (unsigned long)peer;
/* Set up the heartbeat timer. */
init_timer(&peer->hb_timer);
peer->hb_interval = SCTP_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_HEARTBEAT;
peer->hb_timer.function = sctp_generate_heartbeat_event;
peer->hb_timer.data = (unsigned long)peer;
atomic_set(&peer->refcnt, 1);
peer->dead = 0;
peer->malloced = 0;
/* Initialize the state information for SFR-CACC */
peer->cacc.changeover_active = 0;
peer->cacc.cycling_changeover = 0;
peer->cacc.next_tsn_at_change = 0;
peer->cacc.cacc_saw_newack = 0;
return peer;
}
/* This transport is no longer needed. Free up if possible, or
* delay until it last reference count.
*/
void sctp_transport_free(struct sctp_transport *transport)
{
transport->dead = 1;
/* Try to delete the heartbeat timer. */
if (del_timer(&transport->hb_timer))
sctp_transport_put(transport);
sctp_transport_put(transport);
}
/* Destroy the transport data structure.
* Assumes there are no more users of this structure.
*/
void sctp_transport_destroy(struct sctp_transport *transport)
{
SCTP_ASSERT(transport->dead, "Transport is not dead", return);
if (transport->asoc)
sctp_association_put(transport->asoc);
sctp_packet_free(&transport->packet);
dst_release(transport->dst);
kfree(transport);
SCTP_DBG_OBJCNT_DEC(transport);
}
/* Start T3_rtx timer if it is not already running and update the heartbeat
* timer. This routine is called every time a DATA chunk is sent.
*/
void sctp_transport_reset_timers(struct sctp_transport *transport)
{
/* RFC 2960 6.3.2 Retransmission Timer Rules
*
* R1) Every time a DATA chunk is sent to any address(including a
* retransmission), if the T3-rtx timer of that address is not running
* start it running so that it will expire after the RTO of that
* address.
*/
if (!timer_pending(&transport->T3_rtx_timer))
if (!mod_timer(&transport->T3_rtx_timer,
jiffies + transport->rto))
sctp_transport_hold(transport);
/* When a data chunk is sent, reset the heartbeat interval. */
if (!mod_timer(&transport->hb_timer,
sctp_transport_timeout(transport)))
sctp_transport_hold(transport);
}
/* This transport has been assigned to an association.
* Initialize fields from the association or from the sock itself.
* Register the reference count in the association.
*/
void sctp_transport_set_owner(struct sctp_transport *transport,
struct sctp_association *asoc)
{
transport->asoc = asoc;
sctp_association_hold(asoc);
}
/* Initialize the pmtu of a transport. */
void sctp_transport_pmtu(struct sctp_transport *transport)
{
struct dst_entry *dst;
dst = transport->af_specific->get_dst(NULL, &transport->ipaddr, NULL);
if (dst) {
transport->pmtu = dst_pmtu(dst);
dst_release(dst);
} else
transport->pmtu = SCTP_DEFAULT_MAXSEGMENT;
}
/* Caches the dst entry and source address for a transport's destination
* address.
*/
void sctp_transport_route(struct sctp_transport *transport,
union sctp_addr *saddr, struct sctp_opt *opt)
{
struct sctp_association *asoc = transport->asoc;
struct sctp_af *af = transport->af_specific;
union sctp_addr *daddr = &transport->ipaddr;
struct dst_entry *dst;
dst = af->get_dst(asoc, daddr, saddr);
if (saddr)
memcpy(&transport->saddr, saddr, sizeof(union sctp_addr));
else
af->get_saddr(asoc, dst, daddr, &transport->saddr);
transport->dst = dst;
if (dst) {
transport->pmtu = dst_pmtu(dst);
/* Initialize sk->sk_rcv_saddr, if the transport is the
* association's active path for getsockname().
*/
if (asoc && (transport == asoc->peer.active_path))
af->to_sk_saddr(&transport->saddr, asoc->base.sk);
} else
transport->pmtu = SCTP_DEFAULT_MAXSEGMENT;
}
/* Hold a reference to a transport. */
void sctp_transport_hold(struct sctp_transport *transport)
{
atomic_inc(&transport->refcnt);
}
/* Release a reference to a transport and clean up
* if there are no more references.
*/
void sctp_transport_put(struct sctp_transport *transport)
{
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&transport->refcnt))
sctp_transport_destroy(transport);
}
/* Update transport's RTO based on the newly calculated RTT. */
void sctp_transport_update_rto(struct sctp_transport *tp, __u32 rtt)
{
/* Check for valid transport. */
SCTP_ASSERT(tp, "NULL transport", return);
/* We should not be doing any RTO updates unless rto_pending is set. */
SCTP_ASSERT(tp->rto_pending, "rto_pending not set", return);
if (tp->rttvar || tp->srtt) {
/* 6.3.1 C3) When a new RTT measurement R' is made, set
* RTTVAR <- (1 - RTO.Beta) * RTTVAR + RTO.Beta * |SRTT - R'|
* SRTT <- (1 - RTO.Alpha) * SRTT + RTO.Alpha * R'
*/
/* Note: The above algorithm has been rewritten to
* express rto_beta and rto_alpha as inverse powers
* of two.
* For example, assuming the default value of RTO.Alpha of
* 1/8, rto_alpha would be expressed as 3.
*/
tp->rttvar = tp->rttvar - (tp->rttvar >> sctp_rto_beta)
+ ((abs(tp->srtt - rtt)) >> sctp_rto_beta);
tp->srtt = tp->srtt - (tp->srtt >> sctp_rto_alpha)
+ (rtt >> sctp_rto_alpha);
} else {
/* 6.3.1 C2) When the first RTT measurement R is made, set
* SRTT <- R, RTTVAR <- R/2.
*/
tp->srtt = rtt;
tp->rttvar = rtt >> 1;
}
/* 6.3.1 G1) Whenever RTTVAR is computed, if RTTVAR = 0, then
* adjust RTTVAR <- G, where G is the CLOCK GRANULARITY.
*/
if (tp->rttvar == 0)
tp->rttvar = SCTP_CLOCK_GRANULARITY;
/* 6.3.1 C3) After the computation, update RTO <- SRTT + 4 * RTTVAR. */
tp->rto = tp->srtt + (tp->rttvar << 2);
/* 6.3.1 C6) Whenever RTO is computed, if it is less than RTO.Min
* seconds then it is rounded up to RTO.Min seconds.
*/
if (tp->rto < tp->asoc->rto_min)
tp->rto = tp->asoc->rto_min;
/* 6.3.1 C7) A maximum value may be placed on RTO provided it is
* at least RTO.max seconds.
*/
if (tp->rto > tp->asoc->rto_max)
tp->rto = tp->asoc->rto_max;
tp->rtt = rtt;
/* Reset rto_pending so that a new RTT measurement is started when a
* new data chunk is sent.
*/
tp->rto_pending = 0;
SCTP_DEBUG_PRINTK("%s: transport: %p, rtt: %d, srtt: %d "
"rttvar: %d, rto: %d\n", __FUNCTION__,
tp, rtt, tp->srtt, tp->rttvar, tp->rto);
}
/* This routine updates the transport's cwnd and partial_bytes_acked
* parameters based on the bytes acked in the received SACK.
*/
void sctp_transport_raise_cwnd(struct sctp_transport *transport,
__u32 sack_ctsn, __u32 bytes_acked)
{
__u32 cwnd, ssthresh, flight_size, pba, pmtu;
cwnd = transport->cwnd;
flight_size = transport->flight_size;
/* The appropriate cwnd increase algorithm is performed if, and only
* if the cumulative TSN has advanced and the congestion window is
* being fully utilized.
*/
if ((transport->asoc->ctsn_ack_point >= sack_ctsn) ||
(flight_size < cwnd))
return;
ssthresh = transport->ssthresh;
pba = transport->partial_bytes_acked;
pmtu = transport->asoc->pmtu;
if (cwnd <= ssthresh) {
/* RFC 2960 7.2.1, sctpimpguide-05 2.14.2 When cwnd is less
* than or equal to ssthresh an SCTP endpoint MUST use the
* slow start algorithm to increase cwnd only if the current
* congestion window is being fully utilized and an incoming
* SACK advances the Cumulative TSN Ack Point. Only when these
* two conditions are met can the cwnd be increased otherwise
* the cwnd MUST not be increased. If these conditions are met
* then cwnd MUST be increased by at most the lesser of
* 1) the total size of the previously outstanding DATA
* chunk(s) acknowledged, and 2) the destination's path MTU.
*/
if (bytes_acked > pmtu)
cwnd += pmtu;
else
cwnd += bytes_acked;
SCTP_DEBUG_PRINTK("%s: SLOW START: transport: %p, "
"bytes_acked: %d, cwnd: %d, ssthresh: %d, "
"flight_size: %d, pba: %d\n",
__FUNCTION__,
transport, bytes_acked, cwnd,
ssthresh, flight_size, pba);
} else {
/* RFC 2960 7.2.2 Whenever cwnd is greater than ssthresh,
* upon each SACK arrival that advances the Cumulative TSN Ack
* Point, increase partial_bytes_acked by the total number of
* bytes of all new chunks acknowledged in that SACK including
* chunks acknowledged by the new Cumulative TSN Ack and by
* Gap Ack Blocks.
*
* When partial_bytes_acked is equal to or greater than cwnd
* and before the arrival of the SACK the sender had cwnd or
* more bytes of data outstanding (i.e., before arrival of the
* SACK, flightsize was greater than or equal to cwnd),
* increase cwnd by MTU, and reset partial_bytes_acked to
* (partial_bytes_acked - cwnd).
*/
pba += bytes_acked;
if (pba >= cwnd) {
cwnd += pmtu;
pba = ((cwnd < pba) ? (pba - cwnd) : 0);
}
SCTP_DEBUG_PRINTK("%s: CONGESTION AVOIDANCE: "
"transport: %p, bytes_acked: %d, cwnd: %d, "
"ssthresh: %d, flight_size: %d, pba: %d\n",
__FUNCTION__,
transport, bytes_acked, cwnd,
ssthresh, flight_size, pba);
}
transport->cwnd = cwnd;
transport->partial_bytes_acked = pba;
}
/* This routine is used to lower the transport's cwnd when congestion is
* detected.
*/
void sctp_transport_lower_cwnd(struct sctp_transport *transport,
sctp_lower_cwnd_t reason)
{
switch (reason) {
case SCTP_LOWER_CWND_T3_RTX:
/* RFC 2960 Section 7.2.3, sctpimpguide-05 Section 2.9.2
* When the T3-rtx timer expires on an address, SCTP should
* perform slow start by:
* ssthresh = max(cwnd/2, 2*MTU)
* cwnd = 1*MTU
* partial_bytes_acked = 0
*/
transport->ssthresh = max(transport->cwnd/2,
2*transport->asoc->pmtu);
transport->cwnd = transport->asoc->pmtu;
break;
case SCTP_LOWER_CWND_FAST_RTX:
/* RFC 2960 7.2.4 Adjust the ssthresh and cwnd of the
* destination address(es) to which the missing DATA chunks
* were last sent, according to the formula described in
* Section 7.2.3.
*
* RFC 2960 7.2.3, sctpimpguide-05 2.9.2 Upon detection of
* packet losses from SACK (see Section 7.2.4), An endpoint
* should do the following:
* ssthresh = max(cwnd/2, 2*MTU)
* cwnd = ssthresh
* partial_bytes_acked = 0
*/
transport->ssthresh = max(transport->cwnd/2,
2*transport->asoc->pmtu);
transport->cwnd = transport->ssthresh;
break;
case SCTP_LOWER_CWND_ECNE:
/* RFC 2481 Section 6.1.2.
* If the sender receives an ECN-Echo ACK packet
* then the sender knows that congestion was encountered in the
* network on the path from the sender to the receiver. The
* indication of congestion should be treated just as a
* congestion loss in non-ECN Capable TCP. That is, the TCP
* source halves the congestion window "cwnd" and reduces the
* slow start threshold "ssthresh".
* A critical condition is that TCP does not react to
* congestion indications more than once every window of
* data (or more loosely more than once every round-trip time).
*/
if ((jiffies - transport->last_time_ecne_reduced) >
transport->rtt) {
transport->ssthresh = max(transport->cwnd/2,
2*transport->asoc->pmtu);
transport->cwnd = transport->ssthresh;
transport->last_time_ecne_reduced = jiffies;
}
break;
case SCTP_LOWER_CWND_INACTIVE:
/* RFC 2960 Section 7.2.1, sctpimpguide-05 Section 2.14.2
* When the association does not transmit data on a given
* transport address within an RTO, the cwnd of the transport
* address should be adjusted to 2*MTU.
* NOTE: Although the draft recommends that this check needs
* to be done every RTO interval, we do it every hearbeat
* interval.
*/
if ((jiffies - transport->last_time_used) > transport->rto)
transport->cwnd = 2*transport->asoc->pmtu;
break;
};
transport->partial_bytes_acked = 0;
SCTP_DEBUG_PRINTK("%s: transport: %p reason: %d cwnd: "
"%d ssthresh: %d\n", __FUNCTION__,
transport, reason,
transport->cwnd, transport->ssthresh);
}
/* What is the next timeout value for this transport? */
unsigned long sctp_transport_timeout(struct sctp_transport *t)
{
unsigned long timeout;
timeout = t->hb_interval + t->rto + sctp_jitter(t->rto);
timeout += jiffies;
return timeout;
}