shmem: fix shm fallocate() list corruption
The shmem hole punching with fallocate(FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE) does not
want to race with generating new pages by faulting them in.
However, the wait-queue used to delay the page faulting has a serious
problem: the wait queue head (in shmem_fallocate()) is allocated on the
stack, and the code expects that "wake_up_all()" will make sure that all
the queue entries are gone before the stack frame is de-allocated.
And that is not at all necessarily the case.
Yes, a normal wake-up sequence will remove the wait-queue entry that
caused the wakeup (see "autoremove_wake_function()"), but the key
wording there is "that caused the wakeup". When there are multiple
possible wakeup sources, the wait queue entry may well stay around.
And _particularly_ in a page fault path, we may be faulting in new pages
from user space while we also have other things going on, and there may
well be other pending wakeups.
So despite the "wake_up_all()", it's not at all guaranteed that all list
entries are removed from the wait queue head on the stack.
Fix this by introducing a new wakeup function that removes the list
entry unconditionally, even if the target process had already woken up
for other reasons. Use that "synchronous" function to set up the
waiters in shmem_fault().
This problem has never been seen in the wild afaik, but Dave Jones has
reported it on and off while running trinity. We thought we fixed the
stack corruption with the blk-mq rq_list locking fix (commit
7fe311302f7d: "blk-mq: update hardware and software queues for sleeping
alloc"), but it turns out there was _another_ stack corruptor hiding
in the trinity runs.
Vegard Nossum (also running trinity) was able to trigger this one fairly
consistently, and made us look once again at the shmem code due to the
faults often being in that area.
Reported-and-tested-by: Vegard Nossum <email@example.com>.
Reported-by: Dave Jones <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <email@example.com>
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