proc: Use a dedicated lock in struct pid

syzbot wrote:
> ========================================================
> WARNING: possible irq lock inversion dependency detected
> 5.6.0-syzkaller #0 Not tainted
> --------------------------------------------------------
> swapper/1/0 just changed the state of lock:
> ffffffff898090d8 (tasklist_lock){.+.?}-{2:2}, at: send_sigurg+0x9f/0x320 fs/fcntl.c:840
> but this lock took another, SOFTIRQ-unsafe lock in the past:
>  (&pid->wait_pidfd){+.+.}-{2:2}
> and interrupts could create inverse lock ordering between them.
> other info that might help us debug this:
>  Possible interrupt unsafe locking scenario:
>        CPU0                    CPU1
>        ----                    ----
>   lock(&pid->wait_pidfd);
>                                local_irq_disable();
>                                lock(tasklist_lock);
>                                lock(&pid->wait_pidfd);
>   <Interrupt>
>     lock(tasklist_lock);
>  *** DEADLOCK ***
> 4 locks held by swapper/1/0:

The problem is that because wait_pidfd.lock is taken under the tasklist
lock.  It must always be taken with irqs disabled as tasklist_lock can be
taken from interrupt context and if wait_pidfd.lock was already taken this
would create a lock order inversion.

Oleg suggested just disabling irqs where I have added extra calls to
wait_pidfd.lock.  That should be safe and I think the code will eventually
do that.  It was rightly pointed out by Christian that sharing the
wait_pidfd.lock was a premature optimization.

It is also true that my pre-merge window testing was insufficient.  So
remove the premature optimization and give struct pid a dedicated lock of
it's own for struct pid things.  I have verified that lockdep sees all 3
paths where we take the new pid->lock and lockdep does not complain.

It is my current day dream that one day pid->lock can be used to guard the
task lists as well and then the tasklist_lock won't need to be held to
deliver signals.  That will require taking pid->lock with irqs disabled.

Acked-by: Christian Brauner <>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <>
Cc: Christian Brauner <>
Fixes: 7bc3e6e55acf ("proc: Use a list of inodes to flush from proc")
Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <>
3 files changed