printk: queue wake_up_klogd irq_work only if per-CPU areas are ready

printk_deferred(), similarly to printk_safe/printk_nmi, does not
immediately attempt to print a new message on the consoles, avoiding
calls into non-reentrant kernel paths, e.g. scheduler or timekeeping,
which potentially can deadlock the system.

Those printk() flavors, instead, rely on per-CPU flush irq_work to print
messages from safer contexts.  For same reasons (recursive scheduler or
timekeeping calls) printk() uses per-CPU irq_work in order to wake up
user space syslog/kmsg readers.

However, only printk_safe/printk_nmi do make sure that per-CPU areas
have been initialised and that it's safe to modify per-CPU irq_work.
This means that, for instance, should printk_deferred() be invoked "too
early", that is before per-CPU areas are initialised, printk_deferred()
will perform illegal per-CPU access.

Lech Perczak [0] reports that after commit 1b710b1b10ef ("char/random:
silence a lockdep splat with printk()") user-space syslog/kmsg readers
are not able to read new kernel messages.

The reason is printk_deferred() being called too early (as was pointed
out by Petr and John).

Fix printk_deferred() and do not queue per-CPU irq_work before per-CPU
areas are initialized.

Reported-by: Lech Perczak <>
Signed-off-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <>
Tested-by: Jann Horn <>
Reviewed-by: Petr Mladek <>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <>
Cc: John Ogness <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
5 files changed