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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/*
* common.c - C code for kernel entry and exit
* Copyright (c) 2015 Andrew Lutomirski
*
* Based on asm and ptrace code by many authors. The code here originated
* in ptrace.c and signal.c.
*/
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
#include <linux/entry-common.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/nospec.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_XEN_PV
#include <xen/xen-ops.h>
#include <xen/events.h>
#endif
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/traps.h>
#include <asm/vdso.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
#include <asm/fpu/api.h>
#include <asm/nospec-branch.h>
#include <asm/io_bitmap.h>
#include <asm/syscall.h>
#include <asm/irq_stack.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
__visible noinstr void do_syscall_64(unsigned long nr, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
add_random_kstack_offset();
nr = syscall_enter_from_user_mode(regs, nr);
instrumentation_begin();
if (likely(nr < NR_syscalls)) {
nr = array_index_nospec(nr, NR_syscalls);
regs->ax = sys_call_table[nr](regs);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI
} else if (likely((nr & __X32_SYSCALL_BIT) &&
(nr & ~__X32_SYSCALL_BIT) < X32_NR_syscalls)) {
nr = array_index_nospec(nr & ~__X32_SYSCALL_BIT,
X32_NR_syscalls);
regs->ax = x32_sys_call_table[nr](regs);
#endif
}
instrumentation_end();
syscall_exit_to_user_mode(regs);
}
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_X86_32) || defined(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION)
static __always_inline unsigned int syscall_32_enter(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION))
current_thread_info()->status |= TS_COMPAT;
return (unsigned int)regs->orig_ax;
}
/*
* Invoke a 32-bit syscall. Called with IRQs on in CONTEXT_KERNEL.
*/
static __always_inline void do_syscall_32_irqs_on(struct pt_regs *regs,
unsigned int nr)
{
if (likely(nr < IA32_NR_syscalls)) {
nr = array_index_nospec(nr, IA32_NR_syscalls);
regs->ax = ia32_sys_call_table[nr](regs);
}
}
/* Handles int $0x80 */
__visible noinstr void do_int80_syscall_32(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
unsigned int nr = syscall_32_enter(regs);
add_random_kstack_offset();
/*
* Subtlety here: if ptrace pokes something larger than 2^32-1 into
* orig_ax, the unsigned int return value truncates it. This may
* or may not be necessary, but it matches the old asm behavior.
*/
nr = (unsigned int)syscall_enter_from_user_mode(regs, nr);
instrumentation_begin();
do_syscall_32_irqs_on(regs, nr);
instrumentation_end();
syscall_exit_to_user_mode(regs);
}
static noinstr bool __do_fast_syscall_32(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
unsigned int nr = syscall_32_enter(regs);
int res;
add_random_kstack_offset();
/*
* This cannot use syscall_enter_from_user_mode() as it has to
* fetch EBP before invoking any of the syscall entry work
* functions.
*/
syscall_enter_from_user_mode_prepare(regs);
instrumentation_begin();
/* Fetch EBP from where the vDSO stashed it. */
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64)) {
/*
* Micro-optimization: the pointer we're following is
* explicitly 32 bits, so it can't be out of range.
*/
res = __get_user(*(u32 *)&regs->bp,
(u32 __user __force *)(unsigned long)(u32)regs->sp);
} else {
res = get_user(*(u32 *)&regs->bp,
(u32 __user __force *)(unsigned long)(u32)regs->sp);
}
if (res) {
/* User code screwed up. */
regs->ax = -EFAULT;
instrumentation_end();
local_irq_disable();
irqentry_exit_to_user_mode(regs);
return false;
}
/* The case truncates any ptrace induced syscall nr > 2^32 -1 */
nr = (unsigned int)syscall_enter_from_user_mode_work(regs, nr);
/* Now this is just like a normal syscall. */
do_syscall_32_irqs_on(regs, nr);
instrumentation_end();
syscall_exit_to_user_mode(regs);
return true;
}
/* Returns 0 to return using IRET or 1 to return using SYSEXIT/SYSRETL. */
__visible noinstr long do_fast_syscall_32(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
/*
* Called using the internal vDSO SYSENTER/SYSCALL32 calling
* convention. Adjust regs so it looks like we entered using int80.
*/
unsigned long landing_pad = (unsigned long)current->mm->context.vdso +
vdso_image_32.sym_int80_landing_pad;
/*
* SYSENTER loses EIP, and even SYSCALL32 needs us to skip forward
* so that 'regs->ip -= 2' lands back on an int $0x80 instruction.
* Fix it up.
*/
regs->ip = landing_pad;
/* Invoke the syscall. If it failed, keep it simple: use IRET. */
if (!__do_fast_syscall_32(regs))
return 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
/*
* Opportunistic SYSRETL: if possible, try to return using SYSRETL.
* SYSRETL is available on all 64-bit CPUs, so we don't need to
* bother with SYSEXIT.
*
* Unlike 64-bit opportunistic SYSRET, we can't check that CX == IP,
* because the ECX fixup above will ensure that this is essentially
* never the case.
*/
return regs->cs == __USER32_CS && regs->ss == __USER_DS &&
regs->ip == landing_pad &&
(regs->flags & (X86_EFLAGS_RF | X86_EFLAGS_TF)) == 0;
#else
/*
* Opportunistic SYSEXIT: if possible, try to return using SYSEXIT.
*
* Unlike 64-bit opportunistic SYSRET, we can't check that CX == IP,
* because the ECX fixup above will ensure that this is essentially
* never the case.
*
* We don't allow syscalls at all from VM86 mode, but we still
* need to check VM, because we might be returning from sys_vm86.
*/
return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SEP) &&
regs->cs == __USER_CS && regs->ss == __USER_DS &&
regs->ip == landing_pad &&
(regs->flags & (X86_EFLAGS_RF | X86_EFLAGS_TF | X86_EFLAGS_VM)) == 0;
#endif
}
/* Returns 0 to return using IRET or 1 to return using SYSEXIT/SYSRETL. */
__visible noinstr long do_SYSENTER_32(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
/* SYSENTER loses RSP, but the vDSO saved it in RBP. */
regs->sp = regs->bp;
/* SYSENTER clobbers EFLAGS.IF. Assume it was set in usermode. */
regs->flags |= X86_EFLAGS_IF;
return do_fast_syscall_32(regs);
}
#endif
SYSCALL_DEFINE0(ni_syscall)
{
return -ENOSYS;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_XEN_PV
#ifndef CONFIG_PREEMPTION
/*
* Some hypercalls issued by the toolstack can take many 10s of
* seconds. Allow tasks running hypercalls via the privcmd driver to
* be voluntarily preempted even if full kernel preemption is
* disabled.
*
* Such preemptible hypercalls are bracketed by
* xen_preemptible_hcall_begin() and xen_preemptible_hcall_end()
* calls.
*/
DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, xen_in_preemptible_hcall);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_in_preemptible_hcall);
/*
* In case of scheduling the flag must be cleared and restored after
* returning from schedule as the task might move to a different CPU.
*/
static __always_inline bool get_and_clear_inhcall(void)
{
bool inhcall = __this_cpu_read(xen_in_preemptible_hcall);
__this_cpu_write(xen_in_preemptible_hcall, false);
return inhcall;
}
static __always_inline void restore_inhcall(bool inhcall)
{
__this_cpu_write(xen_in_preemptible_hcall, inhcall);
}
#else
static __always_inline bool get_and_clear_inhcall(void) { return false; }
static __always_inline void restore_inhcall(bool inhcall) { }
#endif
static void __xen_pv_evtchn_do_upcall(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
struct pt_regs *old_regs = set_irq_regs(regs);
inc_irq_stat(irq_hv_callback_count);
xen_hvm_evtchn_do_upcall();
set_irq_regs(old_regs);
}
__visible noinstr void xen_pv_evtchn_do_upcall(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
irqentry_state_t state = irqentry_enter(regs);
bool inhcall;
run_sysvec_on_irqstack_cond(__xen_pv_evtchn_do_upcall, regs);
inhcall = get_and_clear_inhcall();
if (inhcall && !WARN_ON_ONCE(state.exit_rcu)) {
instrumentation_begin();
irqentry_exit_cond_resched();
instrumentation_end();
restore_inhcall(inhcall);
} else {
irqentry_exit(regs, state);
}
}
#endif /* CONFIG_XEN_PV */