sched/isolation: Fix boot crash when maxcpus < first housekeeping CPU

housekeeping_setup() checks cpumask_intersects(present, online) to ensure
that the kernel will have at least one housekeeping CPU after smp_init(),
but this doesn't work if the maxcpus= kernel parameter limits the number of
processors available after bootup.

For example, a kernel with "maxcpus=2 nohz_full=0-2" parameters crashes at
boot time on a virtual machine with 4 CPUs.

Change housekeeping_setup() to use cpumask_first_and() and check that the
returned CPU number is valid and less than setup_max_cpus.

Another corner case is "nohz_full=0" on a machine with a single CPU or with
the maxcpus=1 kernel argument. In this case non_housekeeping_mask is empty
and tick_nohz_full_setup() makes no sense. And indeed, the kernel hits the
WARN_ON(tick_nohz_full_running) in tick_sched_do_timer().

And how should the kernel interpret the "nohz_full=" parameter? It should
be silently ignored, but currently cpulist_parse() happily returns the
empty cpumask and this leads to the same problem.

Change housekeeping_setup() to check cpumask_empty(non_housekeeping_mask)
and do nothing in this case.

Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
Reviewed-by: Phil Auld <>
Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <>
1 file changed