blob: 5e49a0acb5eeb194fa892baebf01f4c0bfbfc531 [file] [log] [blame]
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H
#define _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H
/*
* User space memory access functions
*/
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/kasan-checks.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <asm/asm.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/smap.h>
#include <asm/extable.h>
/*
* The fs value determines whether argument validity checking should be
* performed or not. If get_fs() == USER_DS, checking is performed, with
* get_fs() == KERNEL_DS, checking is bypassed.
*
* For historical reasons, these macros are grossly misnamed.
*/
#define MAKE_MM_SEG(s) ((mm_segment_t) { (s) })
#define KERNEL_DS MAKE_MM_SEG(-1UL)
#define USER_DS MAKE_MM_SEG(TASK_SIZE_MAX)
#define get_fs() (current->thread.addr_limit)
static inline void set_fs(mm_segment_t fs)
{
current->thread.addr_limit = fs;
/* On user-mode return, check fs is correct */
set_thread_flag(TIF_FSCHECK);
}
#define segment_eq(a, b) ((a).seg == (b).seg)
#define user_addr_max() (current->thread.addr_limit.seg)
#define __addr_ok(addr) \
((unsigned long __force)(addr) < user_addr_max())
/*
* Test whether a block of memory is a valid user space address.
* Returns 0 if the range is valid, nonzero otherwise.
*/
static inline bool __chk_range_not_ok(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, unsigned long limit)
{
/*
* If we have used "sizeof()" for the size,
* we know it won't overflow the limit (but
* it might overflow the 'addr', so it's
* important to subtract the size from the
* limit, not add it to the address).
*/
if (__builtin_constant_p(size))
return unlikely(addr > limit - size);
/* Arbitrary sizes? Be careful about overflow */
addr += size;
if (unlikely(addr < size))
return true;
return unlikely(addr > limit);
}
#define __range_not_ok(addr, size, limit) \
({ \
__chk_user_ptr(addr); \
__chk_range_not_ok((unsigned long __force)(addr), size, limit); \
})
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP
# define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() WARN_ON_ONCE(!in_task())
#else
# define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ()
#endif
/**
* access_ok: - Checks if a user space pointer is valid
* @addr: User space pointer to start of block to check
* @size: Size of block to check
*
* Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are
* enabled.
*
* Checks if a pointer to a block of memory in user space is valid.
*
* Returns true (nonzero) if the memory block may be valid, false (zero)
* if it is definitely invalid.
*
* Note that, depending on architecture, this function probably just
* checks that the pointer is in the user space range - after calling
* this function, memory access functions may still return -EFAULT.
*/
#define access_ok(addr, size) \
({ \
WARN_ON_IN_IRQ(); \
likely(!__range_not_ok(addr, size, user_addr_max())); \
})
/*
* These are the main single-value transfer routines. They automatically
* use the right size if we just have the right pointer type.
*
* This gets kind of ugly. We want to return _two_ values in "get_user()"
* and yet we don't want to do any pointers, because that is too much
* of a performance impact. Thus we have a few rather ugly macros here,
* and hide all the ugliness from the user.
*
* The "__xxx" versions of the user access functions are versions that
* do not verify the address space, that must have been done previously
* with a separate "access_ok()" call (this is used when we do multiple
* accesses to the same area of user memory).
*/
extern int __get_user_1(void);
extern int __get_user_2(void);
extern int __get_user_4(void);
extern int __get_user_8(void);
extern int __get_user_bad(void);
#define __uaccess_begin() stac()
#define __uaccess_end() clac()
#define __uaccess_begin_nospec() \
({ \
stac(); \
barrier_nospec(); \
})
/*
* This is a type: either unsigned long, if the argument fits into
* that type, or otherwise unsigned long long.
*/
#define __inttype(x) \
__typeof__(__builtin_choose_expr(sizeof(x) > sizeof(0UL), 0ULL, 0UL))
/**
* get_user: - Get a simple variable from user space.
* @x: Variable to store result.
* @ptr: Source address, in user space.
*
* Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are
* enabled.
*
* This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel
* space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger
* data types like structures or arrays.
*
* @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of
* dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast.
*
* Returns zero on success, or -EFAULT on error.
* On error, the variable @x is set to zero.
*/
/*
* Careful: we have to cast the result to the type of the pointer
* for sign reasons.
*
* The use of _ASM_DX as the register specifier is a bit of a
* simplification, as gcc only cares about it as the starting point
* and not size: for a 64-bit value it will use %ecx:%edx on 32 bits
* (%ecx being the next register in gcc's x86 register sequence), and
* %rdx on 64 bits.
*
* Clang/LLVM cares about the size of the register, but still wants
* the base register for something that ends up being a pair.
*/
#define get_user(x, ptr) \
({ \
int __ret_gu; \
register __inttype(*(ptr)) __val_gu asm("%"_ASM_DX); \
__chk_user_ptr(ptr); \
might_fault(); \
asm volatile("call __get_user_%P4" \
: "=a" (__ret_gu), "=r" (__val_gu), \
ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT \
: "0" (ptr), "i" (sizeof(*(ptr)))); \
(x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr))) __val_gu; \
__builtin_expect(__ret_gu, 0); \
})
#define __put_user_x(size, x, ptr, __ret_pu) \
asm volatile("call __put_user_" #size : "=a" (__ret_pu) \
: "0" ((typeof(*(ptr)))(x)), "c" (ptr) : "ebx")
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
#define __put_user_goto_u64(x, addr, label) \
asm_volatile_goto("\n" \
"1: movl %%eax,0(%1)\n" \
"2: movl %%edx,4(%1)\n" \
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, %l2) \
: : "A" (x), "r" (addr) \
: : label)
#define __put_user_asm_ex_u64(x, addr) \
asm volatile("\n" \
"1: movl %%eax,0(%1)\n" \
"2: movl %%edx,4(%1)\n" \
"3:" \
_ASM_EXTABLE_EX(1b, 2b) \
_ASM_EXTABLE_EX(2b, 3b) \
: : "A" (x), "r" (addr))
#define __put_user_x8(x, ptr, __ret_pu) \
asm volatile("call __put_user_8" : "=a" (__ret_pu) \
: "A" ((typeof(*(ptr)))(x)), "c" (ptr) : "ebx")
#else
#define __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label) \
__put_user_goto(x, ptr, "q", "", "er", label)
#define __put_user_asm_ex_u64(x, addr) \
__put_user_asm_ex(x, addr, "q", "", "er")
#define __put_user_x8(x, ptr, __ret_pu) __put_user_x(8, x, ptr, __ret_pu)
#endif
extern void __put_user_bad(void);
/*
* Strange magic calling convention: pointer in %ecx,
* value in %eax(:%edx), return value in %eax. clobbers %rbx
*/
extern void __put_user_1(void);
extern void __put_user_2(void);
extern void __put_user_4(void);
extern void __put_user_8(void);
/**
* put_user: - Write a simple value into user space.
* @x: Value to copy to user space.
* @ptr: Destination address, in user space.
*
* Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are
* enabled.
*
* This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user
* space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger
* data types like structures or arrays.
*
* @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable
* to the result of dereferencing @ptr.
*
* Returns zero on success, or -EFAULT on error.
*/
#define put_user(x, ptr) \
({ \
int __ret_pu; \
__typeof__(*(ptr)) __pu_val; \
__chk_user_ptr(ptr); \
might_fault(); \
__pu_val = x; \
switch (sizeof(*(ptr))) { \
case 1: \
__put_user_x(1, __pu_val, ptr, __ret_pu); \
break; \
case 2: \
__put_user_x(2, __pu_val, ptr, __ret_pu); \
break; \
case 4: \
__put_user_x(4, __pu_val, ptr, __ret_pu); \
break; \
case 8: \
__put_user_x8(__pu_val, ptr, __ret_pu); \
break; \
default: \
__put_user_x(X, __pu_val, ptr, __ret_pu); \
break; \
} \
__builtin_expect(__ret_pu, 0); \
})
#define __put_user_size(x, ptr, size, label) \
do { \
__chk_user_ptr(ptr); \
switch (size) { \
case 1: \
__put_user_goto(x, ptr, "b", "b", "iq", label); \
break; \
case 2: \
__put_user_goto(x, ptr, "w", "w", "ir", label); \
break; \
case 4: \
__put_user_goto(x, ptr, "l", "k", "ir", label); \
break; \
case 8: \
__put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label); \
break; \
default: \
__put_user_bad(); \
} \
} while (0)
/*
* This doesn't do __uaccess_begin/end - the exception handling
* around it must do that.
*/
#define __put_user_size_ex(x, ptr, size) \
do { \
__chk_user_ptr(ptr); \
switch (size) { \
case 1: \
__put_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "b", "b", "iq"); \
break; \
case 2: \
__put_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "w", "w", "ir"); \
break; \
case 4: \
__put_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "l", "k", "ir"); \
break; \
case 8: \
__put_user_asm_ex_u64((__typeof__(*ptr))(x), ptr); \
break; \
default: \
__put_user_bad(); \
} \
} while (0)
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
#define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval, errret) \
({ \
__typeof__(ptr) __ptr = (ptr); \
asm volatile("\n" \
"1: movl %2,%%eax\n" \
"2: movl %3,%%edx\n" \
"3:\n" \
".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \
"4: mov %4,%0\n" \
" xorl %%eax,%%eax\n" \
" xorl %%edx,%%edx\n" \
" jmp 3b\n" \
".previous\n" \
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 4b) \
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, 4b) \
: "=r" (retval), "=&A"(x) \
: "m" (__m(__ptr)), "m" __m(((u32 __user *)(__ptr)) + 1), \
"i" (errret), "0" (retval)); \
})
#define __get_user_asm_ex_u64(x, ptr) (x) = __get_user_bad()
#else
#define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval, errret) \
__get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "q", "", "=r", errret)
#define __get_user_asm_ex_u64(x, ptr) \
__get_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "q", "", "=r")
#endif
#define __get_user_size(x, ptr, size, retval, errret) \
do { \
retval = 0; \
__chk_user_ptr(ptr); \
switch (size) { \
case 1: \
__get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "b", "b", "=q", errret); \
break; \
case 2: \
__get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "w", "w", "=r", errret); \
break; \
case 4: \
__get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "l", "k", "=r", errret); \
break; \
case 8: \
__get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval, errret); \
break; \
default: \
(x) = __get_user_bad(); \
} \
} while (0)
#define __get_user_asm(x, addr, err, itype, rtype, ltype, errret) \
asm volatile("\n" \
"1: mov"itype" %2,%"rtype"1\n" \
"2:\n" \
".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \
"3: mov %3,%0\n" \
" xor"itype" %"rtype"1,%"rtype"1\n" \
" jmp 2b\n" \
".previous\n" \
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \
: "=r" (err), ltype(x) \
: "m" (__m(addr)), "i" (errret), "0" (err))
#define __get_user_asm_nozero(x, addr, err, itype, rtype, ltype, errret) \
asm volatile("\n" \
"1: mov"itype" %2,%"rtype"1\n" \
"2:\n" \
".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \
"3: mov %3,%0\n" \
" jmp 2b\n" \
".previous\n" \
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \
: "=r" (err), ltype(x) \
: "m" (__m(addr)), "i" (errret), "0" (err))
/*
* This doesn't do __uaccess_begin/end - the exception handling
* around it must do that.
*/
#define __get_user_size_ex(x, ptr, size) \
do { \
__chk_user_ptr(ptr); \
switch (size) { \
case 1: \
__get_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "b", "b", "=q"); \
break; \
case 2: \
__get_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "w", "w", "=r"); \
break; \
case 4: \
__get_user_asm_ex(x, ptr, "l", "k", "=r"); \
break; \
case 8: \
__get_user_asm_ex_u64(x, ptr); \
break; \
default: \
(x) = __get_user_bad(); \
} \
} while (0)
#define __get_user_asm_ex(x, addr, itype, rtype, ltype) \
asm volatile("1: mov"itype" %1,%"rtype"0\n" \
"2:\n" \
".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \
"3:xor"itype" %"rtype"0,%"rtype"0\n" \
" jmp 2b\n" \
".previous\n" \
_ASM_EXTABLE_EX(1b, 3b) \
: ltype(x) : "m" (__m(addr)))
#define __put_user_nocheck(x, ptr, size) \
({ \
__label__ __pu_label; \
int __pu_err = -EFAULT; \
__typeof__(*(ptr)) __pu_val; \
__pu_val = x; \
__uaccess_begin(); \
__put_user_size(__pu_val, (ptr), (size), __pu_label); \
__pu_err = 0; \
__pu_label: \
__uaccess_end(); \
__builtin_expect(__pu_err, 0); \
})
#define __get_user_nocheck(x, ptr, size) \
({ \
int __gu_err; \
__inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \
__uaccess_begin_nospec(); \
__get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), (size), __gu_err, -EFAULT); \
__uaccess_end(); \
(x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \
__builtin_expect(__gu_err, 0); \
})
/* FIXME: this hack is definitely wrong -AK */
struct __large_struct { unsigned long buf[100]; };
#define __m(x) (*(struct __large_struct __user *)(x))
/*
* Tell gcc we read from memory instead of writing: this is because
* we do not write to any memory gcc knows about, so there are no
* aliasing issues.
*/
#define __put_user_goto(x, addr, itype, rtype, ltype, label) \
asm_volatile_goto("\n" \
"1: mov"itype" %"rtype"0,%1\n" \
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \
: : ltype(x), "m" (__m(addr)) \
: : label)
#define __put_user_failed(x, addr, itype, rtype, ltype, errret) \
({ __label__ __puflab; \
int __pufret = errret; \
__put_user_goto(x,addr,itype,rtype,ltype,__puflab); \
__pufret = 0; \
__puflab: __pufret; })
#define __put_user_asm(x, addr, retval, itype, rtype, ltype, errret) do { \
retval = __put_user_failed(x, addr, itype, rtype, ltype, errret); \
} while (0)
#define __put_user_asm_ex(x, addr, itype, rtype, ltype) \
asm volatile("1: mov"itype" %"rtype"0,%1\n" \
"2:\n" \
_ASM_EXTABLE_EX(1b, 2b) \
: : ltype(x), "m" (__m(addr)))
/*
* uaccess_try and catch
*/
#define uaccess_try do { \
current->thread.uaccess_err = 0; \
__uaccess_begin(); \
barrier();
#define uaccess_try_nospec do { \
current->thread.uaccess_err = 0; \
__uaccess_begin_nospec(); \
#define uaccess_catch(err) \
__uaccess_end(); \
(err) |= (current->thread.uaccess_err ? -EFAULT : 0); \
} while (0)
/**
* __get_user: - Get a simple variable from user space, with less checking.
* @x: Variable to store result.
* @ptr: Source address, in user space.
*
* Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are
* enabled.
*
* This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel
* space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger
* data types like structures or arrays.
*
* @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of
* dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast.
*
* Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this
* function.
*
* Returns zero on success, or -EFAULT on error.
* On error, the variable @x is set to zero.
*/
#define __get_user(x, ptr) \
__get_user_nocheck((x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)))
/**
* __put_user: - Write a simple value into user space, with less checking.
* @x: Value to copy to user space.
* @ptr: Destination address, in user space.
*
* Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are
* enabled.
*
* This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user
* space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger
* data types like structures or arrays.
*
* @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable
* to the result of dereferencing @ptr.
*
* Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this
* function.
*
* Returns zero on success, or -EFAULT on error.
*/
#define __put_user(x, ptr) \
__put_user_nocheck((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)))
/*
* {get|put}_user_try and catch
*
* get_user_try {
* get_user_ex(...);
* } get_user_catch(err)
*/
#define get_user_try uaccess_try_nospec
#define get_user_catch(err) uaccess_catch(err)
#define get_user_ex(x, ptr) do { \
unsigned long __gue_val; \
__get_user_size_ex((__gue_val), (ptr), (sizeof(*(ptr)))); \
(x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gue_val; \
} while (0)
#define put_user_try uaccess_try
#define put_user_catch(err) uaccess_catch(err)
#define put_user_ex(x, ptr) \
__put_user_size_ex((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)))
extern unsigned long
copy_from_user_nmi(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n);
extern __must_check long
strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src, long count);
extern __must_check long strnlen_user(const char __user *str, long n);
unsigned long __must_check clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len);
unsigned long __must_check __clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len);
extern void __cmpxchg_wrong_size(void)
__compiletime_error("Bad argument size for cmpxchg");
#define __user_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(uval, ptr, old, new, size) \
({ \
int __ret = 0; \
__typeof__(ptr) __uval = (uval); \
__typeof__(*(ptr)) __old = (old); \
__typeof__(*(ptr)) __new = (new); \
__uaccess_begin_nospec(); \
switch (size) { \
case 1: \
{ \
asm volatile("\n" \
"1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgb %4, %2\n" \
"2:\n" \
"\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" \
"3:\tmov %3, %0\n" \
"\tjmp 2b\n" \
"\t.previous\n" \
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \
: "+r" (__ret), "=a" (__old), "+m" (*(ptr)) \
: "i" (-EFAULT), "q" (__new), "1" (__old) \
: "memory" \
); \
break; \
} \
case 2: \
{ \
asm volatile("\n" \
"1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgw %4, %2\n" \
"2:\n" \
"\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" \
"3:\tmov %3, %0\n" \
"\tjmp 2b\n" \
"\t.previous\n" \
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \
: "+r" (__ret), "=a" (__old), "+m" (*(ptr)) \
: "i" (-EFAULT), "r" (__new), "1" (__old) \
: "memory" \
); \
break; \
} \
case 4: \
{ \
asm volatile("\n" \
"1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %4, %2\n" \
"2:\n" \
"\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" \
"3:\tmov %3, %0\n" \
"\tjmp 2b\n" \
"\t.previous\n" \
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \
: "+r" (__ret), "=a" (__old), "+m" (*(ptr)) \
: "i" (-EFAULT), "r" (__new), "1" (__old) \
: "memory" \
); \
break; \
} \
case 8: \
{ \
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64)) \
__cmpxchg_wrong_size(); \
\
asm volatile("\n" \
"1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgq %4, %2\n" \
"2:\n" \
"\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" \
"3:\tmov %3, %0\n" \
"\tjmp 2b\n" \
"\t.previous\n" \
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \
: "+r" (__ret), "=a" (__old), "+m" (*(ptr)) \
: "i" (-EFAULT), "r" (__new), "1" (__old) \
: "memory" \
); \
break; \
} \
default: \
__cmpxchg_wrong_size(); \
} \
__uaccess_end(); \
*__uval = __old; \
__ret; \
})
#define user_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(uval, ptr, old, new) \
({ \
access_ok((ptr), sizeof(*(ptr))) ? \
__user_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic((uval), (ptr), \
(old), (new), sizeof(*(ptr))) : \
-EFAULT; \
})
/*
* movsl can be slow when source and dest are not both 8-byte aligned
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_USERCOPY
extern struct movsl_mask {
int mask;
} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp movsl_mask;
#endif
#define ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS 1
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
# include <asm/uaccess_32.h>
#else
# include <asm/uaccess_64.h>
#endif
/*
* We rely on the nested NMI work to allow atomic faults from the NMI path; the
* nested NMI paths are careful to preserve CR2.
*
* Caller must use pagefault_enable/disable, or run in interrupt context,
* and also do a uaccess_ok() check
*/
#define __copy_from_user_nmi __copy_from_user_inatomic
/*
* The "unsafe" user accesses aren't really "unsafe", but the naming
* is a big fat warning: you have to not only do the access_ok()
* checking before using them, but you have to surround them with the
* user_access_begin/end() pair.
*/
static __must_check inline bool user_access_begin(const void __user *ptr, size_t len)
{
if (unlikely(!access_ok(ptr,len)))
return 0;
__uaccess_begin_nospec();
return 1;
}
#define user_access_begin(a,b) user_access_begin(a,b)
#define user_access_end() __uaccess_end()
#define unsafe_put_user(x, ptr, label) \
__put_user_size((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), label)
#define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \
do { \
int __gu_err; \
__inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \
__get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), __gu_err, -EFAULT); \
(x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \
if (unlikely(__gu_err)) goto err_label; \
} while (0)
#endif /* _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H */