PCI: imx6: Fix PERST# start-up sequence

According to the PCIe standard the PERST# signal (reset-gpio in
fsl,imx* compatible dts) should be kept asserted for at least 100 usec
before the PCIe refclock is stable, should be kept asserted for at
least 100 msec after the power rails are stable and the host should wait
at least 100 msec after it is de-asserted before accessing the
configuration space of any attached device.

From PCIe CEM r2.0, sec 2.6.2

  T-PVPERL: Power stable to PERST# inactive - 100 msec
  T-PERST-CLK: REFCLK stable before PERST# inactive - 100 usec.

From PCIe r5.0, sec 6.6.1

  With a Downstream Port that does not support Link speeds greater than
  5.0 GT/s, software must wait a minimum of 100 ms before sending a
  Configuration Request to the device immediately below that Port.

Failure to do so could prevent PCIe devices to be working correctly,
and this was experienced with real devices.

Move reset assert to imx6_pcie_assert_core_reset(), this way we ensure
that PERST# is asserted before enabling any clock, move de-assert to the
end of imx6_pcie_deassert_core_reset() after the clock is enabled and
deemed stable and add a new delay of 100 msec just afterward.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/all/20220211152550.286821-1-francesco.dolcini@toradex.com
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20220404081509.94356-1-francesco.dolcini@toradex.com
Fixes: bb38919ec56e ("PCI: imx6: Add support for i.MX6 PCIe controller")
Signed-off-by: Francesco Dolcini <francesco.dolcini@toradex.com>
Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Lucas Stach <l.stach@pengutronix.de>
Acked-by: Richard Zhu <hongxing.zhu@nxp.com>
1 file changed