arm64: mm: create new fine-grained mappings at boot

At boot we may change the granularity of the tables mapping the kernel
(by splitting or making sections). This may happen when we create the
linear mapping (in __map_memblock), or at any point we try to apply
fine-grained permissions to the kernel (e.g. fixup_executable,
mark_rodata_ro, fixup_init).

Changing the active page tables in this manner may result in multiple
entries for the same address being allocated into TLBs, risking problems
such as TLB conflict aborts or issues derived from the amalgamation of
TLB entries. Generally, a break-before-make (BBM) approach is necessary
to avoid conflicts, but we cannot do this for the kernel tables as it
risks unmapping text or data being used to do so.

Instead, we can create a new set of tables from scratch in the safety of
the existing mappings, and subsequently migrate over to these using the
new cpu_replace_ttbr1 helper, which avoids the two sets of tables being
active simultaneously.

To avoid issues when we later modify permissions of the page tables
(e.g. in fixup_init), we must create the page tables at a granularity
such that later modification does not result in splitting of tables.

This patch applies this strategy, creating a new set of fine-grained
page tables from scratch, and safely migrating to them.

Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <>
Cc: Jeremy Linton <>
Cc: Laura Abbott <>
Cc: Will Deacon <>
1 file changed