Kbuild -std=gnu11 updates for v5.18

Linus pointed out the benefits of C99 some years ago, especially variable
declarations in loops [1]. At that time, we were not ready for the
migration due to old compilers.

Recently, Jakob Koschel reported a bug in list_for_each_entry(), which
leaks the invalid pointer out of the loop [2]. In the discussion, we
agreed that the time had come. Now that GCC 5.1 is the minimum compiler
version, there is nothing to prevent us from going to -std=gnu99, or even
straight to -std=gnu11.

Discussions for a better list iterator implementation are ongoing, but
this patch set must land first.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/all/CAHk-=wgr12JkKmRd21qh-se-_Gs69kbPgR9x4C+Es-yJV2GLkA@mail.gmail.com/
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/86C4CE7D-6D93-456B-AA82-F8ADEACA40B7@gmail.com/
Kbuild: use -std=gnu11 for KBUILD_USERCFLAGS

As we change the C language standard for the kernel from gnu89 to
gnu11, it makes sense to also update the version for user space
compilation.

Some users have older native compilers than what they use for
kernel builds, so I considered using gnu99 as the default version
for wider compatibility with gcc-4.6 and earlier.

However, testing with older compilers showed that we already require
HOSTCC version 5.1 as well because a lot of host tools include
linux/compiler.h that uses __has_attribute():

  CC      tools/objtool/exec-cmd.o
In file included from tools/include/linux/compiler_types.h:36:0,
                 from tools/include/linux/compiler.h:5,
                 from exec-cmd.c:2:
tools/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h:19:5: error: "__has_attribute" is not defined [-Werror=undef]

Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Reviewed-by: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
1 file changed